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Cardiology Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775468/conflicts-of-interest-of-editors-of-medical-journals
#1
Waqas Haque, Abu Minhajuddin, Arjun Gupta, Deepak Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Almost all medical journals now require authors to publicly disclose conflicts of interests (COI). The same standard and scrutiny is rarely employed for the editors of the journals although COI may affect editorial decisions. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study to determine the prevalence and magnitude of financial relationships among editors of 60 influential US medical journals (10 each for internal medicine and five subspecialties: cardiology, gastroenterology, neurology, dermatology and allergy & immunology)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773412/athlete-s-heart-is-the-morganroth-hypothesis-obsolete
#2
Mark J Haykowsky, T Jake Samuel, Michael D Nelson, Andre La Gerche
In 1975, Morganroth and colleagues reported that the increased left ventricular (LV) mass in highly trained endurance athletes versus nonathletes was primarily due to increased end-diastolic volume while the increased LV mass in resistance trained athletes was solely due to an increased LV wall thickness. Based on the divergent remodelling patterns observed, Morganroth and colleagues hypothesised that the increased "volume" load during endurance exercise may be similar to that which occurs in patients with mitral or aortic regurgitation while the "pressure" load associated with performing a Valsalva manoeuvre (VM) during resistance exercise may mimic the stress imposed on the heart by systemic hypertension or aortic stenosis...
May 1, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769020/the-prevalence-and-determinants-of-polypharmacy-at-age-69-a-british-birth-cohort-study
#3
Mark James Rawle, Marcus Richards, Daniel Davis, Diana Kuh
BACKGROUND: To describe the development of polypharmacy and its components in a British birth cohort in its seventh decade and to investigate socioeconomic and gender differences independent of disease burden. METHODS: Data from the MRC National Survey for Health and Development were analysed to determine the prevalence and composition of polypharmacy at age 69 and changes since ages 60 to 64. Multinomial regression was used to test associations between gender, education and occupational social class and total, cardiological and non-cardiological polypharmacy controlling for disease burden...
May 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768315/angiography-guided-multivessel-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-ischemia-guided-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-medical-therapy-in-the-management-of-significant-disease-in-non-infarct-related-arteries-in-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#4
Dhanuka Perera, Tom Crake, Victor Lee
BACKGROUND: In ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multivessel (MV) disease, after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), emerging evidence suggests that significant disease in non-infarct-related coronary arteries (IRAs) should be routinely stented. Whether this procedure should be guided by angiography alone or ischemia testing is unclear. METHODS: All STEMI patients treated with primary PCI between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2012, at a tertiary cardiology center were reviewed retrospectively...
June 2018: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762264/achieving-guideline-driven-high-intensity-statin-dose-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#5
Jonathan Lin, Alexandra Banathy, Carla Winters, Lars Andersen, Cindy Hudson, Heidi Testa, Joy Reardon, Peter Alagona
PURPOSE: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol to Reduce Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Risk in Adults recommends high-intensity statin therapy in patients aged ≤75 y with clinical coronary artery disease (CAD). The effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in lipid management and guideline adherence is unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine whether CR participation affects guideline-driven achievement for statin use...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761681/milestones-in-the-development-of-fetal-cardiac-interventions
#6
REVIEW
Edward G Abinader
Cardiac patients of all ages were managed in the past by internists who specialized in cardiology. During the past 50 years, the medical field has witnessed great strides in the management of congenital heart disease, and thus pediatric cardiology has become a subspecialty in many countries. This review article focuses on the advances in fetal cardiac interventions (FCI) since its inception by our group in 1975. Three major modes of FCI have evolved during the past 42 years: pharmacologic, closed FCI, and open FCI...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761136/yield-of-echocardiogram-and-predictors-of-positive-yield-in-pediatric-patients-a-study-in-an-urban-community-based-outpatient-pediatric-cardiology-clinic
#7
Ramya Deepthi Billa, Susan Szpunar, Lida Zeinali, Premchand Anne
The yield of outpatient echocardiograms varies based on the indication for the echocardiogram and the age of the patient. The purpose of this study was to determine the cumulative yield of outpatient echocardiograms by age group and reason for the test. A secondary aim was to determine the predictors of a positive echocardiogram in an outpatient cardiology clinic at a large community teaching hospital. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 891 patients who had a first-time echocardiogram between 2011 and 2015...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757761/aspirin-resistance-cardiovascular-risk-game-changer
#8
Ahmed S Yassin, Hossam Abubakar, Tushar Mishra, Ahmed Subahi, Melanie Hartman, Abdelrahman Ahmed, Walid Ibrahim, Manmohan Singh, Mohit Pahuja
BACKGROUND: Aspirin (ASA) is the most used medication on the globe. ASA is a primary pillar of the secondary prevention of cardiovascular atherothromboembolic events. However, a fraction of the population does not respond to ASA as expected in a unique phenomenon called ASA resistance. Multiple mechanisms were described and studied in the literature to explain this phenomenon. AREA OF UNCERTAINTY: ASA resistance is an interesting phenomenon that is worth studying and reviewing...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755623/main-considerations-of-cardiogenic-shock-and-its-predictors-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Maria Christiane Valeria Braga Braile-Sternieri, Eliana Migliorini Mustafa, Victor Rodrigues Ribeiro Ferreira, Sofia Braile Sabino, Giovanni Braile Sternieri, Lucia Angelica Buffulin de Faria, Bethina Canaroli Sbardellini, Cibele Olegario Vianna Queiroz, Domingo Marcolino Braile, Idiberto Jose Zotarelli Filho
The mortality rate of post-infarction cardiogenic shock (CS) was 80.0-90.0%. Recent studies show a significant reduction of hospital mortality to approximately 50.0%. CS is defined as systemic tissue hypoperfusion resulting from systolic and/or diastolic heart dysfunction, the main cause of which is acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The main predictors are biological markers such as troponin, CKMB and lactate. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis is performed in order to present and correlate the main literary findings on CS and its evolution with possible changes in biomarkers such as troponin, lactate and CKMB...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754562/cardiology-electronic-consultation-e-consult-use-by-primary-care-providers-at-va-medical-centres-in-new-england
#10
Eun Ji Kim, Jay D Orlander, Melissa Afable, Sumeet Pawar, Sarah L Cutrona, Steven R Simon, Judith Strymish, Varsha G Vimalananda
Introduction E-consultations (e-consults) were implemented at VA medical centers to improve access to specialty care. Cardiology e-consults are among the most commonly requested, but little is known about how primary care providers (PCPs) use cardiology e-consults to access specialty care. Methods This is a retrospective analysis of 750 patients' medical charts with cardiology e-consults requested by medical providers (October 2013-September 2015) in the VA New England Healthcare System. We described the patients and referring provider characteristics, and e-consult questions...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747565/effects-of-post-discharge-management-on-rates-of-early-re-admission-and-death-after-hospitalisation-for-heart-failure
#11
Quan Huynh, Kazuaki Negishi, Carmine De Pasquale, James Hare, Dominic Leung, Tony Stanton, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether enrolment of patients in management programs after hospitalisation for heart failure (HF) reduces the likelihood of post-hospital adverse outcomes. DESIGN: Cohort study in which associations between adverse outcomes at 30 and 90 days for people hospitalised for HF and baseline clinical, socio-demographic and blood pathology factors, and with post-discharge management strategies, were assessed. Setting, participants: 906 patients with HF were prospectively enrolled in five Australian states at cardiology departments with expertise in treating people with HF...
May 14, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745238/corrigendum-to-the-impact-of-prehabilitation-on-post-surgical-complications-in-patients-undergoing-non-urgent-cardiovascular-surgical-intervention-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
(no author information available yet)
The impact of prehabilitation on post-surgical complications in patients undergoing non-urgent cardiovascular surgical intervention: Systematic review and meta-analysis by F Marmelo et al. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology January 2018 25: 404-417, DOI: 2016 doi: 10.1177/2047487317752373 The third author's name, affiliation and Funding information were incorrect, the correct details are below: Daniel Moreira-Gonçalves Departamento de Cirurgia e Fisiologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, Portugal CIAFEL, Faculdade de Desporto, Universidade do Porto, Portugal Funding D...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744656/pediatric-pulmonary-artery-rehabilitation-a-review-of-our-experience-and-a-novel-approach-using-bronchial-blockers
#13
Peter D Winch, Dmitry Tumin, Jeffrey Moore, Samantha J Vizzini, Darren P Berman, Aymen N Naguib
Recent advances in the field of pediatric interventional cardiology have resulted in therapies for patients in need of augmented pulmonary artery (PA) flow. Catheter-based PA rehabilitation can be performed safely but not without the potential risk of pulmonary hemorrhage. When severe, this bleeding has the ability to contaminate the bronchi and trachea, and possibly occlude the endotracheal tube. This can result in a critical inability to ventilate and oxygenate these patients. Herein, we review our institutional experience with pulmonary hemorrhage associated with these procedures and the feasibility of predicting this outcome...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743995/percutaneous-repair-of-mitral-regurgitation
#14
REVIEW
Colin M Barker
Mitral regurgitation (MR) affects more than 2 million people in the United States annually and is the second leading cause of heart valve disease after aortic stenosis. Surgical intervention is the currently accepted treatment of choice in patients with either symptomatic degenerative MR or asymptomatic MR with pulmonary hypertension, atrial fibrillation, or left ventricular dysfunction. Based on robust evidence from clinical trials, the MitraClip Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair system (Abbott Vascular) was approved in the United States for commercial use in 2013...
July 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743248/correction-to-systematic-review-for-the-2017-acc-aha-aapa-abc-acpm-ags-apha-ash-aspc-nma-pcna-guideline-for-the-prevention-detection-evaluation-and-management-of-high-blood-pressure-in-adults-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737260/targeted-temperature-management-review-of-literature-and-guidelines-a-cardiologist-s-perspective
#16
Taimoor Hashim, Ranjith Shetty
Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains not an uncommon occurrence in USA and rest of the world. However, the survival to discharge following an episode of OHCA in adults is still very disappointing at around 10%. Several areas of improvement including education of general public in early Cardio Pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by bystander, chest compression first, and improvement of Emergency Medical response time have had a positive effect in outcomes and survival but much still needs to be done. Recently new data has emerged with regards to post resuscitation care and mild induced hypothermia (now preferably called; targeted temperature management {TTM}) and several advances have been made...
May 7, 2018: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733433/statin-therapy-on-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-network-meta-analysis
#17
J Y Cui, R R Zhou, S Han, T S Wang, L Q Wang, X H Xie
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Statins are the cornerstone of primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and are effective for the prevention of vascular events in diabetic patients. Diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor for CVDs .The majority of patients with diabetes mellitus benefits from statin therapy. According to the recent clinical guidelines of the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association, moderate-intensity or high-intensity statin therapy should be used as the primary prevention for individuals with diabetes mellitus, aged between 40 and 75 years and with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) from 70 to 189 mg/dL...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730624/optimal-thromboprophylaxis-in-elderly-chinese-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-chioteaf-registry-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-nationwide-cohort-study
#18
Yutao Guo, Yutang Wang, Xiaoying Li, Zaoliang Shan, Xiangmin Shi, Guorong Xi, Gregory Y H Lip
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a worldwide healthcare burden that is associated with the ageing population. Elderly patients with AF with multiple comorbidities usually present with a high risk of thromboembolism and bleeding. Limited prospective data are available from Asian cohorts on the epidemiology and complications of AF. The present prospective cohort study aims to explore contemporary antithrombotic strategies among the elderly Chinese population in the new era of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants and to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes between Chinese and European AF populations...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728065/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-primary-left-sided-valve-disease-in-a-cohort-of-15-000-patients-undergoing-echocardiography-studies-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-uganda
#19
Joselyn Rwebembera, William Manyilirah, Zhang Wan Zhu, Juliet Nabbaale, Judith Namuyonga, Isaac Ssinabulya, Sulaiman Lubega, Peter Lwabi, John Omagino, Emmy Okello
BACKGROUND: Although rheumatic heart disease remains the leading cause of valve heart disease (VHD) in developing countries, other forms of valve disease have been over shadowed and not regarded as a public health problem. However, several facts suggest that the role of non-rheumatic VHD as a significant cardiovascular disease should be reconsidered. We aimed to assess the prevalence and characteristics of different forms of primary left sided valve diseases from a series of 15,009 echocardiographic studies...
May 4, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726431/telemedicine-in-diagnosis-treatment-and-management-of-diseases-in-children
#20
Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Farzaneh Kermani
The purpose of this study was to review different telemedicine services in diagnosis, treatment and management of various children diseases and providing an overview of systematic reviews conducted in this regard. We searched English articles published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 to 2016. We found that tele-pediatric services have been reported in various areas such as cardiology, burn, diabetes, obesity, emergency medicine, speech and hearing loss, Ear, Nose and Throat, psychology and psychiatry, radiology, oncology, home healthcare, asthma, genetics and dentistry...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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