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Cardiology Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923988/contemporary-management-of-cardiogenic-shock-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#1
REVIEW
Sean van Diepen, Jason N Katz, Nancy M Albert, Timothy D Henry, Alice K Jacobs, Navin K Kapur, Ahmet Kilic, Venu Menon, E Magnus Ohman, Nancy K Sweitzer, Holger Thiele, Jeffrey B Washam, Mauricio G Cohen
Cardiogenic shock is a high-acuity, potentially complex, and hemodynamically diverse state of end-organ hypoperfusion that is frequently associated with multisystem organ failure. Despite improving survival in recent years, patient morbidity and mortality remain high, and there are few evidence-based therapeutic interventions known to clearly improve patient outcomes. This scientific statement on cardiogenic shock summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, causes, and outcomes of cardiogenic shock; reviews contemporary best medical, surgical, mechanical circulatory support, and palliative care practices; advocates for the development of regionalized systems of care; and outlines future research priorities...
September 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#2
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915766/should-an-ldl-cholesterol-target-based-approach-be-readopted
#3
C Michael White, Erin R Weeda, Elaine Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: To review clinical trials driving the evolution of hyperlipidemic guidelines, discuss whether low-density lipoprotein (LDL) targets and adjunctive therapy on top of statins should be used, and summarize the pharmacist's role in helping achieve LDL goals. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE search (1/1980-5/2017) using terms including LDL, lipid, and statin, with forward and backward citation tracking. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: English-language studies and guidelines assessing LDL-lowering therapy were included...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914558/robotics-in-percutaneous-cardiovascular-interventions
#4
Ali Pourdjabbar, Lawrence Ang, Omid Behnamfar, Mitul P Patel, Ryan R Reeves, Paul T Campbell, Ryan D Madder, Ehtisham Mahmud
The fundamental technique of performing percutaneous cardiovascular (CV) interventions has remained unchanged and requires operators to wear heavy lead aprons to minimize exposure to ionizing radiation. Robotic technology is now being utilized in interventional cardiology partially as a direct result of the increasing appreciation of the long-term occupational hazards of the field. This review was undertaken to report the clinical outcomes of percutaneous robotic coronary and peripheral vascular interventions...
September 15, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913725/exercise-and-competitive-sport-physiology-adaptations-and-uncertain-long-term-risks
#5
REVIEW
Patrick T Gleason, Jonathan H Kim
The benefits of regular and moderate exercise training on cardiovascular outcomes have been well established. In addition, strenuous exercise training leads to corollary cardiac structural and functional adaptations that are sport-specific and facilitate athletic performance. In this review, the normal physiologic and hemodynamic changes that occur during exercise and the subsequent differential exercise-induced cardiac remodeling patterns that develop will be discussed. Paradoxically, recent data have raised concern about the long-term impact of higher doses of physical activity and exercise on mortality and cardiovascular health outcomes...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905088/new-horizons-in-cardiac-innervation-imaging-introduction-of-novel-18-f-labeled-pet-tracers
#6
Ryohei Kobayashi, Xinyu Chen, Rudolf A Werner, Constantin Lapa, Mehrbod S Javadi, Takahiro Higuchi
Cardiac sympathetic nervous activity can be uniquely visualized by non-invasive radionuclide imaging techniques due to the fast growing and widespread application of nuclear cardiology in the last few years. The norepinephrine analogue (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) is a single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) tracer for the clinical implementation of sympathetic nervous imaging for both diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure. Meanwhile, positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has become increasingly attractive because of its higher spatial and temporal resolution compared to SPECT, which allows regional functional and dynamic kinetic analysis...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901746/a-lab-on-skin-a-review-of-flexible-and-stretchable-electronics-for-wearable-health-monitoring
#7
Yuhao Liu, Matt Pharr, Giovanni Antonio Salvatore
Skin is the largest organ of the human body, and it offers a diagnostic interface rich with vital biological signals from the inner organs, blood vessels, muscles, and dermis/epidermis. Soft, flexible, and stretchable electronic devices provide a novel platform to interface with soft tissues for robotic feedback and control, regenerative medicine, and continuous health monitoring. Here, we introduce the term "lab-on-skin" to describe a set of electronic devices that have physical properties, such as thickness, thermal mass, elastic modulus, and water-vapor permeability, which resemble those of the skin...
September 13, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894604/new-generation-bioresorbable-scaffold-technologies-an-update-on-novel-devices-and-clinical-results
#8
REVIEW
Damiano Regazzoli, Pier Pasquale Leone, Antonio Colombo, Azeem Latib
Bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) represent a novel horizon in interventional cardiology and may lead to some potential long-term advantages including the restoration of vasomotion, positive remodeling and a reduced incidence of late and very-late scaffold thrombosis (ScT). This technology, introduced to overcome limitations of current metallic drug-eluting stents (DES), is constantly and rapidly evolving with many companies working on bioresorbable devices. The aim of this review is to present an update on the most promising scaffolds that are under development...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894603/are-acute-coronary-syndromes-an-ideal-scenario-for-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-implantation
#9
REVIEW
Elisabetta Moscarella, Alfonso Ielasi, Maria Carmen De Angelis, Fortunato Scotto di Uccio, Enrico Cerrato, Roberta De Rosa, Gianluca Campo, Attilio Varricchio
Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BRS) represent the latest innovation in the field of interventional cardiology. BRS have recently been introduced in routine clinical practice and their use has progressively extended in everyday clinical practice. The BRS use appears theoretically attractive in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) as they are generally young with long life expectancy, thus possibly benefiting more of the so-called vascular reparative therapy. Furthermore, "culprit" lesions are usually softer and more easily expandable by current BRS compared to stable chronic lesions...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888913/the-renaissance-of-lipoprotein-a-brave-new-world-for-preventive-cardiology
#10
REVIEW
Katrina L Ellis, Michael B Boffa, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Marlys L Koschinsky, Gerald F Watts
Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a highly heritable cardiovascular risk factor. Although discovered more than 50 years ago, Lp(a) has recently re-emerged as a major focus in the fields of lipidology and preventive cardiology owing to findings from genetic studies and the possibility of lowering elevated plasma concentrations with new antisense therapy. Data from genetic, epidemiological and clinical studies have provided compelling evidence establishing Lp(a) as a causal risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease...
September 6, 2017: Progress in Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886622/2017-esc-focused-update-on-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-in-coronary-artery-disease-developed-in-collaboration-with-eacts-the-task-force-for-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-in-coronary-artery-disease-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-and-of-the-european-association
#11
Marco Valgimigli, Héctor Bueno, Robert A Byrne, Jean-Philippe Collet, Francesco Costa, Anders Jeppsson, Peter Jüni, Adnan Kastrati, Philippe Kolh, Laura Mauri, Gilles Montalescot, Franz-Josef Neumann, Mate Petricevic, Marco Roffi, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Stephan Windecker, Jose Luis Zamorano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886621/2017-esc-guidelines-for-the-management-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-presenting-with-st-segment-elevation-the-task-force-for-the-management-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-presenting-with-st-segment-elevation-of-the-european-society
#12
Borja Ibanez, Stefan James, Stefan Agewall, Manuel J Antunes, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Héctor Bueno, Alida L P Caforio, Filippo Crea, John A Goudevenos, Sigrun Halvorsen, Gerhard Hindricks, Adnan Kastrati, Mattie J Lenzen, Eva Prescott, Marco Roffi, Marco Valgimigli, Christoph Varenhorst, Pascal Vranckx, Petr Widimský
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886620/2017-esc-guidelines-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-peripheral-arterial-diseases-in-collaboration-with-the-european-society-for-vascular-surgery-esvs-document-covering-atherosclerotic-disease-of-extracranial-carotid-and-vertebral-mesenteric-renal-upper-and
#13
Victor Aboyans, Jean-Baptiste Ricco, Marie-Louise E L Bartelink, Martin Björck, Marianne Brodmann, Tina Cohnert, Jean-Philippe Collet, Martin Czerny, Marco De Carlo, Sebastian Debus, Christine Espinola-Klein, Thomas Kahan, Serge Kownator, Lucia Mazzolai, A Ross Naylor, Marco Roffi, Joachim Röther, Muriel Sprynger, Michal Tendera, Gunnar Tepe, Maarit Venermo, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Ileana Desormais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886619/2017-esc-eacts-guidelines-for-the-management-of-valvular-heart-disease-the-task-force-for-the-management-of-valvular-heart-disease-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-and-the-european-association-for-cardio-thoracic-surgery-eacts
#14
Helmut Baumgartner, Volkmar Falk, Jeroen J Bax, Michele De Bonis, Christian Hamm, Per Johan Holm, Bernard Iung, Patrizio Lancellotti, Emmanuel Lansac, Daniel Rodriguez Muñoz, Raphael Rosenhek, Johan Sjögren, Pilar Tornos Mas, Alec Vahanian, Thomas Walther, Olaf Wendler, Stephan Windecker, Jose Luis Zamorano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885371/clinical-and-diagnostic-features-of-angiosarcoma-with-pulmonary-metastases-a-retrospective-observational-study
#15
Hanping Wang, Juhong Shi, Hongrui Liu, Yeye Chen, Yining Wang, Wenze Wang, Li Zhang
Angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis is a rare, fatal disease that often presents with multiple pulmonary nodules and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. We herein review the detailed clinical characteristics of pulmonary metastatic angiosarcoma and determine a reasonable diagnostic strategy.The medical records of 11 patients with pulmonary angiosarcoma were reviewed.The mean age of the patients was 45.7 years (range, 30-71 years). All patients were male. The most common symptom was hemoptysis (8/11). Common initial misdiagnoses were tuberculosis (5/11), vasculitis (2/11), nontuberculous infectious disease (1/11), and constrictive pericarditis (1/11)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884447/guidelines-in-review-comparison-of-esc-and-acc-aha-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Jubin Joseph, Alejandro Velasco, Fadi G Hage, Eliana Reyes
In 2012, the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) Task Force on Practice Guidelines jointly with the American College of Physicians, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons produced a set of recommendations intended to assist physicians in the diagnosis and management of patients with stable ischemic heart disease. Two years later, a focused update on the 2012 guidelines was published...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884341/-current-strategies-in-the-treatment-of-ventricular-tachycardia-by-catheter-ablation-a%C3%A2-review
#17
REVIEW
S Koenig, A Arya, G Hindricks, B Dinov
The treatment of ventricular tachycardia has recently undergone relevant changes as certain interventional treatment options, such as radiofrequency catheter ablation, have gained in importance. Numerous current publications have demonstrated the advantages of catheter ablation compared to conventional therapy with antiarrhythmic drugs in terms of effectiveness and morbidity. Improving the ablation technique and identifying those patient collectives who are most likely to benefit from ablation are still the objectives of current research...
September 7, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883714/vascular-aging-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-why-such-a-never-ending-and-challenging-story-in-cardiology
#18
EDITORIAL
Stela Iurciuc, Anca Maria Cimpean, Florin Mitu, Rodica Heredea, Mircea Iurciuc
The true onset of atherosclerosis remains one of the biggest challenges for cardiologists. Is atheroma plaque development considered the earliest step of vascular aging? If so, when it starts? Before or after birth? If it starts before birth or early during childhood, it seems that Thomas Sydenham was right: "A man is as old as his arteries." Except disorganization of elastic fibers, less is known about the morphology of vascular aging and also about the molecular events influencing the age of arteries, arterial stiffness, and their role in the appearance of future complications...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881872/hypertension-and-cardiac-arrhythmias-a-consensus-document-from-the-european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-and-esc-council-on-hypertension-endorsed-by-the-heart-rhythm-society-hrs-asia-pacific-heart-rhythm-society-aphrs-and-sociedad-latinoamericana-de-estimulaci%C3%A3
#19
Gregory Y H Lip, Antonio Coca, Thomas Kahan, Giuseppe Boriani, Antonis S Manolis, Michael Hecht Olsen, Ali Oto, Tatjana S Potpara, Jan Steffel, Francisco Marín, Márcio Jansen de Oliveira Figueiredo, Giovanni de Simone, Wendy S Tzou, Chern-En Chiang, Bryan Williams, Gheorghe-Andrei Dan, Bulent Gorenek, Laurent Fauchier, Irina Savelieva, Robert Hatala, Isabelle van Gelder, Jana Brguljan-Hitij, Serap Erdine, Dragan Lovic, Young-Hoon Kim, Jorge Salinas-Arce, Michael Field
Hypertension is a common cardiovascular risk factor leading to heart failure (HF), coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease and chronic renal insufficiency. Hypertensive heart disease can manifest as many cardiac arrhythmias, most commonly being atrial fibrillation (AF). Both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias may occur in hypertensive patients, especially in those with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) or HF. Also, some of the antihypertensive drugs commonly used to reduce blood pressure, such as thiazide diuretics, may result in electrolyte abnormalities (e...
June 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880457/development-of-quality-metrics-for-ambulatory-care-in-pediatric-patients-with-tetralogy-of-fallot
#20
Juan Villafane, Thomas C Edwards, Karim A Diab, Gary M Satou, Elizabeth Saarel, Wyman W Lai, Gerald A Serwer, Peter P Karpawich, Russell Cross, Russell Schiff, Devyani Chowdhury, Thomas J Hougen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop quality metrics (QMs) relating to the ambulatory care of children after complete repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). DESIGN: A workgroup team (WT) of pediatric cardiologists with expertise in all aspects of ambulatory cardiac management was formed at the request of the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the Adult Congenital and Pediatric Cardiology Council (ACPC), to review published guidelines and consensus data relating to the ambulatory care of repaired TOF patients under the age of 18 years...
September 7, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
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