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Neurocytoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236180/supraorbital-subfrontal-trans-laminar-endoscope-assisted-approach-for-tumors-of-the-posterior-third-ventricle
#1
Maurizio Iacoangeli, Roberto Colasanti, Domenic Esposito, Alessandro Di Rienzo, Lucia di Somma, Mauro Dobran, Maurizio Gladi, Massimo Scerrati
BACKGROUND: Different surgical approaches have been developed for dealing with third ventricle lesions, all aimed at obtaining a safe removal minimizing brain manipulation. The supraorbital subfrontal trans-lamina terminalis route, commonly employed only for the anterior third ventricle, could represent, in selected cases with endoscopic assistance, an alternative approach to posterior third ventricular lesions. METHODS: Seven patients underwent a supraorbital subfrontal trans-laminar endoscope-assisted approach to posterior third ventricle tumors (two craniopharyngiomas, one papillary tumor of the pineal region, one pineocytoma, two neurocytomas, one glioblastoma)...
February 24, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230467/ultrastructural-comparison-of-extraventricular-and-central-neurocytomas
#2
Sergei I Bannykh, Miriam Nuno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217163/pediatric-central-neurocytoma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Basanta Kumar Baishya, Rishi Kant Singh, Deep Dutta, Zakir Hussain
Central neurocytomas are slow-growing primary brain tumors of neuronal origin having a predilection to arise mostly in the lateral ventricles. We report a case of a 9-year-old girl who presented with headache and vomiting of 1-month duration. Her magnetic resonance imaging was suggestive of central neurocytoma of the third ventricle and was surgically managed, and tumor tissue was sent for histopathology and immunohistochemistry which confirmed the diagnosis.
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120072/ventricular-central-neurocytoma-rate-of-shunting-and-outcome-2-years-after-total-and-subtotal-excision
#4
Wessam Samir Soliman
BACKGROUND: Central neurocytoma is an intraventricular tumor that affects young adults. It has a favorable prognosis after adequate surgical intervention; however, an aggressive course may take place in some cases. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the rate of shunting and the outcome of control measures in patients with central neurocytoma submitted to total and subtotal excision. METHODS: Twelve patients were included in this study, with a follow-up of 24 months...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077908/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-a-case-of-central-neurocytoma
#5
Kreshnike Dedushi, Serbeze Kabashi, Mehmet Sahin Ugurel, Naser Ramadani, Sefedin Mucaj, Kamber Zeqiraj
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the MRI features of central neurocytoma. CASE REPORT: A 45 year old man with 3 months of worsening daily headaches. These headaches were diffuse, lasted for several hours, and mostly occurred in the morning. She was initially diagnosed and treated for migraines but later he had epileptic attack and diplopia and neurolog recomaded MRI. METHODS: precontrast MRI; TSE/T2Wsequence in axial/coronal planes; 3D-Hi-resolution T1W sagittal; FLAIR/T2W axial; FLAIR/T2W and Flash/T2W oblique coronal plane (perpendicular to temporal lobes) GRE/T2W axial plane for detection of heme products...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941295/mr-spectroscopy-to-distinguish-between-supratentorial-intraventricular-subependymoma-and-central-neurocytoma
#6
Fumiaki Ueda, Hiroyuki Aburano, Yasuji Ryu, Yuichi Yoshie, Mitsutoshi Nakada, Yutaka Hayashi, Osamu Matsui, Toshifumi Gabata
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to discriminate supratentorial intraventricular subependymoma (SIS) from central neurocytoma (CNC) using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS: Single-voxel proton MRS using a 1.5T or 3T MR scanner from five SISs, five CNCs, and normal controls were evaluated. They were examined using a point-resolved spectroscopy. Automatically calculated ratios comparing choline (Cho), N-acetylaspartate (NAA), myoinositol (MI), and/or glycine (Gly) to creatine (Cr) were determined...
December 12, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910945/thyroid-transcription-factor-1-distinguishes-subependymal-giant-cell-astrocytoma-from-its-mimics-and-supports-its-cell-origin-from-the-progenitor-cells-in-the-medial-ganglionic-eminence
#7
Jen-Fan Hang, Chih-Yi Hsu, Shih-Chieh Lin, Chih-Chun Wu, Han-Jui Lee, Donald Ming-Tak Ho
Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma is a benign brain tumor mostly associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. However, it may be misinterpreted as other high-grade brain tumors due to the presence of large tumor cells with conspicuous pleomorphism and occasional atypical features, such as tumor necrosis and endothelial proliferation. In this study, we first investigated thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) expression in a large series of subependymal giant cell astrocytomas and other histologic and locational mimics to validate the diagnostic utility of this marker...
December 2, 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867912/central-neurocytoma-a-review-of-clinical-management-and-histopathologic-features
#8
REVIEW
Seung J Lee, Timothy T Bui, Cheng Hao Jacky Chen, Carlito Lagman, Lawrance K Chung, Sabrin Sidhu, David J Seo, William H Yong, Todd L Siegal, Minsu Kim, Isaac Yang
Central neurocytoma (CN) is a rare, benign brain tumor often located in the lateral ventricles. CN may cause obstructive hydrocephalus and manifest as signs of increased intracranial pressure. The goal of treatment for CN is a gross total resection (GTR), which often yields excellent prognosis with a very high rate of tumor control and survival. Adjuvant radiosurgery and radiotherapy may be considered to improve tumor control when GTR cannot be achieved. Chemotherapy is also not considered a primary treatment, but has been used as a salvage therapy...
October 2016: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864704/a-clinicopathologic-study-of-extraventricular-neurocytoma
#9
Li Xu, Zhaolian Ouyang, Junmei Wang, Zhaoxia Liu, Jingyi Fang, Jiang Du, Yanjiao He, Guilin Li
In 2007, extraventricular neurocytoma was classified as a separate entity among glioneuronal tumors. However, extraventricular neurocytoma is not fully understood and may be misdiagnosed. Here, we describe the clinical and pathological features, prognoses, and treatments of 13 extraventricular neurocytoma cases, and compare their immunophenotypes with those of oligodendroglioma, diffuse astrocytoma, and ependymoma. Six typical and 7 atypical cases comprised the 13 extraventricular neurocytoma cases. Histological features included oligodendroglioma-like perinuclear halo, neuropil-like matrix, ganglion or ganglioid cells, perivascular pseudorosettes, vessel hyalinization, calcifications, and myxoid degeneration...
March 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777164/upfront-gamma-knife-surgery-for-giant-central-neurocytoma
#10
Kuan-Pin Chen, Cheng-Chia Lee, Chia-Lin Liao, Tao-Chieh Yang, Tsung-Lang Chiu, Chain-Fa Su
BACKGROUND: In this report, we present the results of using upfront Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) in the management of giant central neurocytoma (CNC) (volume >50 mL) without the initial removal of the tumor mass. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: Two patients underwent GKS for histologically proven CNC. Clinical and imaging studies were performed to evaluate the response to treatment. GKS involved delivery doses of 12 or 13 Gy to the tumor margin at the isodose line of 50%. Tumor response to GKS appeared as early as 4-6 months after GKS, at which point a dramatic reduction in volume was observed...
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753657/a-comparative-immunohistochemical-study-of-epithelial-membrane-antigen-and-nherf1-ebp50-in-the-diagnosis-of-ependymomas
#11
Aruna Nambirajan, Mehar C Sharma, Madhu Rajeshwari, Aanchal Kakkar, Vaishali Suri, Chitra Sarkar
Ependymomas are gliomas that recapitulate normal ependymal cells. The epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) shows "dot-like" and "ring-like" staining patterns, highlighting "microlumens" or intracytoplasmic rosettes, a pathognomonic ultrastructural feature. NHERF1/EBP50, an adaptor protein localized at the apical plasma membrane of human epithelia, has been found to localize to these microlumens. We aimed to analyze the staining patterns of EMA and EBP50 in ependymomas and other tumors, and thereby compare their diagnostic utility...
October 7, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664193/pediatric-central-neurocytoma
#12
Madhivanan Karthigeyan, Kirti Gupta, Pravin Salunke
Central neurocytomas are well-differentiated tumors of neuronal origin. These are relatively uncommon in the pediatric population. Anaplastic features reflected by brisk mitotic activity, microvascular proliferation, necrosis, and MIB-1 labeling index >2% or 3% have been proposed to indicate aggressive behavior. Because of its rarity, there is paucity of data regarding the histologic spectrum and outcome of central neurocytomas in children. With this short series, we describe our observations of the clinicopathologic characteristics and outcome of this tumor in children over a 5-year period...
January 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659827/glioneuronal-tumors-of-cerebral-hemisphere-in-children-correlation-of-surgical-resection-with-seizure-outcomes-and-tumor-recurrences
#13
Tadanori Tomita, Jerome M Volk, Wenjun Shen, Tatiana Pundy
OBJECT: Glioneuronal tumors are common neoplasms among the cerebral hemisphere during childhood. They consist of several histological types, of which gangliogliomas (GGs) and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNTs) are most common and often present with seizures. A great majority of glioneuronal tumors are benign. However, there are conflict reports regarding postoperative tumor recurrence rates and seizure control. The authors analyzed and compared these tumors for their locations and histology and the tumor and seizure control following resection...
October 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597523/progression-of-atypical-extraventricular-neurocytoma-to-anaplastic-ganglioglioma
#14
Daniel Rusiecki, Boleslaw Lach, Branavan Manoranjan, Adam Fleming, Olufemi Ajani, Sheila K Singh
We report a childhood case of thalamic atypical extraventricular neurocytoma that progressed to highly anaplastic ganglioglioma after 8 years of dormancy after subtotal resection and chemotherapy. The neurocytoma displayed immunoreactivity only for synaptophysin, β-catenin, S100, and CD56. The ganglioglioma acquired strong immunoreactivity for chromogranin, glial fibrillary acidic protein, neuron-specific enolase, and p53 and showed a very high proliferation rate approaching 50% in some areas. Tumor transformation was associated with overexpression of components of the sonic hedgehog and Wnt developmental signaling pathways, which are known to regulate tumor-initiating cells in malignant brain neoplasms...
January 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542237/clinical-characteristics-and-prognostic-factors-of-brain-central-neurocytoma
#15
Yaqi Song, Xinle Kang, Gang Cao, Yongqiang Li, Xilei Zhou, Yusuo Tong, Wanwei Wang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study is designed for the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of central neurocytoma (CN). METHODS: CN patients from 2004 to 2012 were enrolled from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) data. Clinical characteristics including age, sex, race, tumor size, tumor number, surgery, and radiation therapy were summarized. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to explore the prognostic factors of CN. RESULTS: CN tended to be borderline malignant and single lesion...
August 11, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451434/arid4b-is-a-good-biomarker-to-predict-tumour-behaviour-and-decide-who-grades-in-gliomas-and-meningiomas
#16
Wen-Chiuan Tsai, Dueng-Yuan Hueng, Shin Nieh, Hong-Wei Gao
AIMS: Although ARID4B is known to promote tumour metastasis in breast cancer and inhibit transformation and progression in leukaemia, the possible effect of ARID4B on primary brain tumours (PBTs) is not well characterised. We tested the hypothesis that expression of ARID4B correlates with WHO grade and survival in patients with PBTs. METHODS: Western blot analysis was performed on protein lysates prepared from normal brain tissue and glioma cell lines (U87MG, LN229, GBM8401 and U118MG)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450443/atypical-central-neurocytoma-with-metastatic-craniospinal-dissemination-a-case-report
#17
Megha Nayyar, Mary Catherine Mayo, Mark Shiroishi, Deborah Commins, Charles Y Liu, John L Go, Paul E Kim, Chi-Shing Zee, Meng Law, Alexander Lerner
Central neurocytomas comprise nearly half of adult intraventricular neoplasms. The median age of onset is 34 years. It is typically a low-grade neoplasm (World Health Organization grade II), although some cases of malignant neurocytomas have been described. We present a rare case of an atypical central neurocytoma with craniospinal dissemination, including both imaging and pathologic findings.
November 2016: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438020/central-versus-extraventricular-neurocytoma-in-children-a-clinicopathologic-comparison-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Stergios Zacharoulis, Andres Morales La Madrid, Pratiti Bandopadhayay, Susan N Chi, Peter Manley, Nicole N J Ullrich, Karen Marcus, Liliana Goumnerova, Robert M Scott, Mark Proctor, Tina Young-Poussaint, Umberto De Girolami, Mark W Kieran
BACKGROUND: Central neurocytomas (CN) are rare pediatric CNS tumors most often with a benign clinical course. Occasionally, these tumors occur outside the ventricles and are called extraventricular neurocytomas (EVN). We present a retrospective institutional analysis of children with neurocytoma with prolonged follow-up. PROCEDURE: Twelve patients were diagnosed with neurocytoma at our institution between 1993 and 2004. RESULTS: Six patients were male and the median age at diagnosis was 12 years (1...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398267/extraventricular-neurocytoma-of-the-sellar-region-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Jie Wang, Dong-Lei Song, Li Deng, Shu-Yan Sun, Chun Liu, De-Shan Gong, Yin Wang, Qi-Wu Xu
INTRODUCTION: The extraventricular neurocytoma of the sellar region (EVNSR) is a rare disease, it is difficult to make exact diagnosis of and operate on patients. Retrospectively analysed the clinical manifestations, image features, therapy methods and outcomes among patients with EVNSR, to investigate the epidemiological characteristics, image features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year-old man man with 7-month worsening vision of left eye, was confirmed EVNSR after subtotally resection from the neurosurgical department of Deji hospital...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313678/extraventricular-neurocytoma-in-the-left-temporal-lobe-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Yu-Chen Ji, Jing-Xia Hu, Yan Li, Peng-Xiang Yan, Huan-Cong Zuo
Central neurocytoma (CNC) often develops in the ventricular system adjacent to the interventricular foramen and septum pellucidum. According to the World Health Organization, CNCs are classified as grade II tumors, and in recent years it has been reported that CNCs have occasionally occurred in rare areas of the central nervous system. The current study describes a rare case of CNC located in the left temporal lobe of a 49-year-old man, who had been experiencing headaches for 3 weeks. Computed tomography identified a round, well-demarcated, 3...
June 2016: Oncology Letters
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