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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783820/-efficacy-of-bronchoalveolar-lavage-and-its-influence-factors-in-the-treatment-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-with-atelectasis
#1
M Yang, D H Yang, X Yang, Y S Wang, L Wu, Z M Chen
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and its influence factors in the treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) with atelectasis. Methods: A retrospective case control study was performed on hospitalized MPP patients with atelectasis and received BAL in the Department of Pulmonology, Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 1, 2015 to July 31, 2017. Fever relieved in 48 hours and chest imaging improved in one week after BAL were considered effective...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779309/-the-survival-prediction-model-of-advanced-gallbladder-cancer-based-on-bayesian-network-a-multi-institutional-study
#2
Z H Tang, Z M Geng, C Chen, S B Si, Z Q Cai, T Q Song, P Gong, L Jiang, Y H Qiu, Y He, W L Zhai, S P Li, Y C Zhang, Y Yang
Objective: To investigate the clinical value of Bayesian network in predicting survival of patients with advanced gallbladder cancer(GBC)who underwent curative intent surgery. Methods: The clinical data of patients with advanced GBC who underwent curative intent surgery in 9 institutions from January 2010 to December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively.A median survival time model based on a tree augmented naïve Bayes algorithm was established by Bayesia Lab software.The survival time, number of metastatic lymph nodes(NMLN), T stage, pathological grade, margin, jaundice, liver invasion, age, sex and tumor morphology were included in this model...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777234/prevotella-to-bacteroides-ratio-predicts-body-weight-and-fat-loss-success-on-24-week-diets-varying-in-macronutrient-composition-and-dietary-fiber-results-from-a-post-hoc-analysis
#3
Mads F Hjorth, Trine Blædel, Line Q Bendtsen, Janne K Lorenzen, Jacob B Holm, Pia Kiilerich, Henrik M Roager, Karsten Kristiansen, Lesli H Larsen, Arne Astrup
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Individuals with high pre-treatment bacterial Prevotella-to-Bacteroides (P/B) ratio have been reported to lose more body weight on diets high in fiber than subjects with a low P/B ratio. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine potential differences in dietary weight loss responses between participants with low and high P/B. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Eighty overweight participants were randomized (52 completed) to a 500 kcal/d energy deficit diet with a macronutrient composition of 30 energy percentage (E%) fat, 52 E% carbohydrate and 18 E% protein either high (≈1500 mg calcium/day) or low ( ≤ 600 mg calcium/day) in dairy products for 24 weeks...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776815/strength-recovery-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-quadriceps-tendon-versus-hamstring-tendon-autografts-in-soccer-players-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jose Luis Martin-Alguacil, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Jose Luis Martín-Gomez, Isidro Manuel Monje-Cabrera, Juan F Abellán-Guillén, Francisco Esparza-Ros, Mario Lozano Lozano, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva
BACKGROUND: The comparison between HT and QT grafts in strength recovery and function after an ACLR is scarce in the literature. METHODS: A total of 56 participants were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial and placed into two groups: HT or QT. The hamstring/quadriceps (H/Q) ratio was the primary end-point measured with a Genu-3 dynamometer. Peak torque, functional assessment (Lysholm knee scoring scale and Cincinnati Knee Rating System), and anteroposterior laxity (KT-2000™ arthrometer) were also assessed...
May 15, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772978/outcomes-of-the-addition-of-pasireotide-to-traditional-adrenal-directed-treatment-for-dogs-with-pituitary-dependent-hyperadrenocorticism-secondary-to-macroadenoma-9-cases-2013-2015
#5
Maya Lottati, David S Bruyette
OBJECTIVE To evaluate clinical signs, endocrine test results, and pituitary tumor size for dogs with medically managed pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) and macroadenoma following 6 months of concurrent treatment with pasireotide. DESIGN Prospective case series. ANIMALS 9 client-owned dogs with PDH and macroadenoma in which PDH had been successfully managed with adrenal-directed treatment (trilostane or mitotane). PROCEDURES Dogs were given pasireotide (0.03 mg/kg [0.014 mg/lb], SC, q 12 h) for 6 months, while adrenal-directed treatment was continued...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751530/effect-of-dc-plasma-electrolytic-oxidation-on-surface-characteristics-and-corrosion-resistance-of-zirconium
#6
Maciej Sowa, Wojciech Simka
Zr is a valve metal, the biocompatibility of which is at least on par with Ti. Recently, numerous attempts of the formation of bioactive coatings on Zr by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) in solutions that were based on calcium acetate and calcium β-glycerophosphate were made. In this study, the direct current (DC) PEO of commercially pure zirconium in the solutions that contained Ca(H₂PO₂)₂, Ca(HCOO)₂, and Mg(CH₃COO)₂ was investigated. The treatment was conducted at 75 mA/cm² up to 200, 300, or 400 V...
May 3, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747368/-the-effect-of-l-carnitine-on-the-apoptosis-of-human-lens-epithelial-cells-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#7
D Q Kong, G Y Zheng, Y Liu
Objective: To investigate the effect of L-carnitine on the apoptosis of human lens epithelial cells through endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway. Methods: HLE-B3 cell lines were used to set up an oxidative stress model with H(2)O(2) treatment for 12 h, and lead to ER stress. Cells were divided into four groups: H(2)O(2) group, L-carnitine (100 μmol/L) with H(2)O(2) group, phosphate buffered saline (PBS) group and L-carnitine (100 μmol/L) group. Cell counting kit-8 was used to detect the cell viability under the treatment of different concentrations (200, 400, 600 and 800 μmol/L) of H(2)O(2)...
May 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747325/-association-between-the-ratio-of-early-diastolic-transmitral-velocity-to-early-diastolic-mitral-annular-velocity-and-invasive-measured-left-atrial-pressure-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-preserved-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#8
G G Ma, L G Fang, P Gao, Z W Cheng, T B Chen, X Lin, K A Cheng, H Deng, Q Fang
Objective: To evaluate the association between the ratio of early diastolic transmitral velocity to early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E/E') and left atrial pressure (LAP) estimated from invasive catheter measurements in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: A total of 46 consecutive patients with non-valvular AF and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) admitted in our department to receive the first radiofrequency ablation from May to July 2017 were included. All patients underwent echocardiography at 24-48 hours before radiofrequency ablation, and LAP was invasively measured during the ablation procedure...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747314/-prognostic-significance-of-inflammatory-indicators-for-advanced-stage-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#9
Y Han, Y Qin, X H He, J L Yang, P Liu, C G Zhang, L Q Zhou, S Y Zhou, L Gui, Y Sun, Y K Shi
Objective: To explore the prognostic significance of inflammatory indicator, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), for advanced-stage diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Methods: The data of advanced stage DLBCL cases was retrospectively collected, and all the patients were seen from January 2006 to December 2012 in National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The patients were divided into the low NLR group (≤5∶1) and the high NLR group (>5∶1); the low PLR group (≤300∶1) and the high PLR group (>300∶1)...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745891/helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-systemic-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#10
REVIEW
Wai Chung Yong, Sikarin Upala, Anawin Sanguankeo
OBJECTIVES: It has been proposed that Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection causes several extra-gastrointestinal disorders. However, the role of H.pylori infection in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is still debatable. This meta-analysis is aimed at exploring the association between SSc and H.pylori infection. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases was performed from inception through February 2018. The inclusion criterion was observational studies evaluating H...
April 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731125/utility-of-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-predicting-early-response-to-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-in-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
F P Li, H Wang, J Hou, J Tang, Q Lu, L L Wang, X P Yu
AIM: To investigate the utility of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) in predicting the early response to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with OSCC who received CRT underwent IVIM-DWI at three time points (before CRT, at the end of radiotherapy 20 Gy, and immediately after CRT). After CRT, the patients were divided into the responders (complete response or partial response) and the non-responders (stable disease) based on RECIST 1...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730908/-incidence-and-mortality-of-cervical-cancer-in-china-2014
#12
X Y Gu, R S Zheng, K X Sun, S W Zhang, H M Zeng, X N Zou, W Q Chen, J He
Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in China based on the cancer registry data in 2014, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: There were 449 cancer registries submitted cervical cancer incidence and deaths in 2014 to NCCR. After evaluating the data quality, 339 registries' data were accepted for analysis and stratified by areas (urban/rural) and age group. Combined with data on national population in 2014, the nationwide incidence and mortality of cervical cancer were estimated...
April 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724592/potential-genetic-modifiers-of-disease-risk-and-age-at-onset-in-patients-with-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-and-grn-mutations-a-genome-wide-association-study
#13
Cyril Pottier, Xiaolai Zhou, Ralph B Perkerson, Matt Baker, Gregory D Jenkins, Daniel J Serie, Roberta Ghidoni, Luisa Benussi, Giuliano Binetti, Adolfo López de Munain, Miren Zulaica, Fermin Moreno, Isabelle Le Ber, Florence Pasquier, Didier Hannequin, Raquel Sánchez-Valle, Anna Antonell, Albert Lladó, Tammee M Parsons, NiCole A Finch, Elizabeth C Finger, Carol F Lippa, Edward D Huey, Manuela Neumann, Peter Heutink, Matthis Synofzik, Carlo Wilke, Robert A Rissman, Jaroslaw Slawek, Emilia Sitek, Peter Johannsen, Jørgen E Nielsen, Yingxue Ren, Marka van Blitterswijk, Mariely DeJesus-Hernandez, Elizabeth Christopher, Melissa E Murray, Kevin F Bieniek, Bret M Evers, Camilla Ferrari, Sara Rollinson, Anna Richardson, Elio Scarpini, Giorgio G Fumagalli, Alessandro Padovani, John Hardy, Parastoo Momeni, Raffaele Ferrari, Francesca Frangipane, Raffaele Maletta, Maria Anfossi, Maura Gallo, Leonard Petrucelli, EunRan Suh, Oscar L Lopez, Tsz H Wong, Jeroen G J van Rooij, Harro Seelaar, Simon Mead, Richard J Caselli, Eric M Reiman, Marwan Noel Sabbagh, Mads Kjolby, Anders Nykjaer, Anna M Karydas, Adam L Boxer, Lea T Grinberg, Jordan Grafman, Salvatore Spina, Adrian Oblak, M-Marsel Mesulam, Sandra Weintraub, Changiz Geula, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, William S Brooks, David J Irwin, John Q Trojanowski, Edward B Lee, Keith A Josephs, Joseph E Parisi, Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner, David S Knopman, Benedetta Nacmias, Irene Piaceri, Silvia Bagnoli, Sandro Sorbi, Marla Gearing, Jonathan Glass, Thomas G Beach, Sandra E Black, Mario Masellis, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Jean-Paul Vonsattel, Lawrence S Honig, Julia Kofler, Amalia C Bruni, Julie Snowden, David Mann, Stuart Pickering-Brown, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Juliane Winkelmann, Daniela Galimberti, Caroline Graff, Linn Öijerstedt, Claire Troakes, Safa Al-Sarraj, Carlos Cruchaga, Nigel J Cairns, Jonathan D Rohrer, Glenda M Halliday, John B Kwok, John C van Swieten, Charles L White, Bernardino Ghetti, Jill R Murell, Ian R A Mackenzie, Ging-Yuek R Hsiung, Barbara Borroni, Giacomina Rossi, Fabrizio Tagliavini, Zbigniew K Wszolek, Ronald C Petersen, Eileen H Bigio, Murray Grossman, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, William W Seeley, Bruce L Miller, Neill R Graff-Radford, Bradley F Boeve, Dennis W Dickson, Joanna M Biernacka, Rosa Rademakers
BACKGROUND: Loss-of-function mutations in GRN cause frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Patients with GRN mutations present with a uniform subtype of TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) pathology at autopsy (FTLD-TDP type A); however, age at onset and clinical presentation are variable, even within families. We aimed to identify potential genetic modifiers of disease onset and disease risk in GRN mutation carriers. METHODS: The study was done in three stages: a discovery stage, a replication stage, and a meta-analysis of the discovery and replication data...
April 30, 2018: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722023/discovery-of-four-exonic-and-one-intergenic-novel-susceptibility-loci-for-leprosy
#14
Z Wang, Z Mi, H Wang, L Sun, G Yu, X 'a Fu, C Wang, F Bao, Z Yue, Q Zhao, N Wang, X Cheng, H Liu, F Zhang
Seven new risk coding variants have been identified through an exome-wide association study (EWAS), which studied the contributions of protein-coding variants to leprosy susceptibility. But some potential susceptibility loci were not studied in the previous EWAS study because of the project consideration. Seventeen unstudied potential susceptibility loci of the previous EWAS were validated in 3,169 cases and 9,814 controls in this study. Four disease associated exonic loci were identified: rs671 in ALDH2 (P = 2...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720220/the-combined-effect-of-mammographic-texture-and-density-on-breast-cancer-risk-a-cohort-study
#15
Johanna O P Wanders, Carla H van Gils, Nico Karssemeijer, Katharina Holland, Michiel Kallenberg, Petra H M Peeters, Mads Nielsen, Martin Lillholm
BACKGROUND: Texture patterns have been shown to improve breast cancer risk segregation in addition to area-based mammographic density. The additional value of texture pattern scores on top of volumetric mammographic density measures in a large screening cohort has never been studied. METHODS: Volumetric mammographic density and texture pattern scores were assessed automatically for the first available digital mammography (DM) screening examination of 51,400 women (50-75 years of age) participating in the Dutch biennial breast cancer screening program between 2003 and 2011...
May 2, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717516/effects-of-concentrate-to-forage-ratios-and-2-methylbutyrate-supplementation-on-ruminal-fermentation-bacteria-abundance-and-urinary-excretion-of-purine-derivatives-in-chinese-simmental-steers
#16
C Wang, Q Liu, G Guo, W J Huo, C X Pei, S L Zhang, H Wang
This study evaluated the effects of dietary concentrate levels and 2-methylbutyrate (2MB) supplementation on performance, ruminal fermentation, bacteria abundance, microbial enzyme activity and urinary excretion of purine derivatives (PD) in steers. Eight ruminally cannulated Simmental steers (12 months of age; 389 ± 3.7 kg of body weight) were used in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Moderate-concentrate (400 g/kg diet [MC]) or high-concentrate (600 g/kg diet [HC]) diets were fed with or without 2MB (0 g/day [2MB-] or 15...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714188/investigation-of-the-multiplet-features-of-srtio-3-in-x-ray-absorption-spectra-based-on-configuration-interaction-calculations
#17
M Wu, Houlin L Xin, J O Wang, X J Li, X B Yuan, H Zeng, J C Zheng, H Q Wang
Synchrotron-based L2,3 -edge absorption spectra show strong sensitivities to the local electronic structure and chemical environment. However, detailed physical information cannot be extracted easily without computational aids. Here, using the experimental Ti L2,3 -edges absorption spectrum of SrTiO3 as a fingerprint and considering full multiplet effects, calculations yield different energy parameters characterizing local ground state properties. The peak splitting and intensity ratios of the L3 and L2 set of peaks are carefully analyzed quantitatively, giving rise to a small hybridization energy around 1...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709700/epidemiology-of-stroke-findings-from-a-community-based-survey-in-rural-bangladesh
#18
U K Saha, M B Alam, A K M F Rahman, A H M E Hussain, S R Mashreky, G Mandal, Q D Mohammad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the epidemiology of stroke in a rural population of Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, we surveyed stroke patients. METHODS: The survey was conducted in a rural community of Bangladesh from January 2016 to June 2016. All community members 15 years and older in a surveillance system were included in this study. The Questionnaire for Verifying Stroke-Free Status was used to screen stroke cases at household level which were again examined by the neurologist for confirmatory diagnosis...
April 27, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699832/adaptive-radiotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancers-fact-or-fallacy-to-improve-therapeutic-ratio
#19
Y Q Li, J S H Tan, J T S Wee, M L K Chua
Modern standards of precision radiotherapy, primarily driven by the technological advances of intensity modulation and image guidance, have led to increased versatility in radiotherapy planning and delivery. The ability to shape doses around critical normal organs, while simultaneously "painting" boost doses to the tumor have translated to substantial therapeutic gains in head and neck cancer patients. Recently, dose adaptation (or adaptive radiotherapy) has been proposed as a novel concept to enhance the therapeutic ratio of head and neck radiotherapy, facilitated in part by the onset of molecular and functional imaging...
April 23, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699814/dxa-measured-visceral-fat-mass-and-lean-body-mass-reflect-abnormal-metabolic-phenotypes-among-some-obese-and-nonobese-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#20
W Q Ding, J T Liu, Y X Shang, B Gao, X Y Zhao, H P Zhao, W J Wu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The exact constellation of body composition characteristics among metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) and nonobese (MUNO) children and adolescents remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the major body composition determinants of metabolically unhealthy phenotypes among Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used data from a cross-sectional survey in 2015 that included 1983 children and adolescents aged 6-18 years...
March 10, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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