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Choroidal lymphoma

Jonathan J Mayl, Miguel A Flores, John W Stelzer, Bo Liu, Steven A Messina, John V Murray
Retinal detachment with subsequent silicone oil retinopexy is not uncommon. A known complication of silicone retinopexy is intraventricular migration of the intraocular silicone oil. While the oil itself does not result in direct pathology, misdiagnosis may lead to an unnecessary diagnostic workup and possibly predispose the patient to surgery intervention. Silicone oil typically appears hyperdense on computer tomography (CT) and hyperintense on T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR). These imaging findings may mimic a mass or blood products...
February 3, 2018: Emergency Radiology
Zujaja Tauqeer, Frederick A Jakobiec, Suzanne K Freitag, Michael K Yoon, Natalie Wolkow
PURPOSE: To present 2 patients in whom orbital radiation preceded the development of periorbital extranodal marginal zone lymphoma by more than a decade and to investigate the likelihood of this representing irradiation-induced malignancy. METHODS: Retrospective chart review and histopathologic study with immunohistochemistry of 2 cases. RESULTS: The first patient was a 58-year-old woman who developed an orbital mass within the vicinity of the lateral rectus muscle 17 years after external beam proton radiation therapy for an inferotemporal choroidal melanoma...
January 9, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Justin R Mascitelli, Leslie Schlachter, Alexander G Chartrain, Holly Oemke, Jeffrey Gilligan, Anthony B Costa, Raj K Shrivastava, Joshua B Bederson
BACKGROUND: The use of intraoperative navigation during microscope cases can be limited when attention needs to be divided between the operative field and the navigation screens. Heads-up display (HUD), also referred to as augmented reality, permits visualization of navigation information during surgery workflow. OBJECTIVE: To detail our initial experience with HUD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent HUD-assisted surgery from April 2016 through April 2017...
October 10, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Aseef H Ahmed, C Stephen Foster, Carol L Shields
Importance: Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the ocular region is rare, and the utility of surgery and radiation therapy remains unresolved. Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and determine factors associated with overall survival in primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL) and ocular adnexal (OA)-uveal DLBCL. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective analysis included 396 patients with ophthalmic DLBCL from January 1, 1973, through December 31, 2014, using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
Piotr Nockowski, Zdzisław Woźniak, Adam Reich, Joanna Maj
Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Imaging assessment and ultrasound examination did not show any specific involvement of internal organs...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Kelly Bridges, Rebecca Sauerwein, Marjorie R Grafe, Vassiliki Liana Tsikitis, Aaron Halfpenny, Ahmed M Raslan
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) placement has been implicated in extraneural metastasis of many primary central nervous system tumors. Reported cases include, but are not limited to, medulloblastoma, germ cell tumor, astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, lymphoma, ependymoma, melanoma, and choroid plexus tumors. However, a literature review reveals no reported cases of extraneural metastasis of solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC). CASE DESCRIPTION: Here we report the case of a 34-year-old man with recurrent intracranial malignant SFT/HPC who had undergone surgical tumor resection and subsequent placement of a VPS for obstructive hydrocephalus in 2004...
November 2017: World Neurosurgery
Tomoko Funazo, Kyohei Morita, Naoya Ikegami, Chisato Konishi, Satoshi Nakao, Ryo Ariyasu, Masato Taki, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Moon Hee Hwang, Chie Yoshimura, Toshiaki Wakayama, Yasuo Nishizaka
Choroidal metastasis is rare in cancer patients and it may cause visual disturbances that reduce their quality of life. In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), targeted therapy against actionable driver mutations has gradually replaced radiotherapy as the treatment of choice for choroidal metastasis. Recently, there have been several case reports of choroidal metastasis in patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged NSCLC. We herein report the case of a 40-year-old Japanese woman diagnosed with choroidal metastasis of an ALK-rearranged NSCLC who received alectinib as the first-line chemotherapy...
September 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
Iguaracyra Araujo, Sarah E Coupland
Primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL) is the most common intraocular lymphoma occurring in the eye. It is a high-grade typically B-cell malignancy, arising in the retina, and is often associated with central nervous system (CNS) disease and thereby a poor prognosis. It needs to be distinguished from choroidal low-grade B-cell lymphomas, which do not disseminate to the brain and have a good prognosis. Because of the rarity of PVRL, information is lacking regarding its true incidence, its geographical or ethnic variation, and underlying risk factors apart from immunosuppression associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Epstein Barr virus...
May 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Ali Dirani, Guy Allaire, Sonia Callejo, Marie Lyne Belair, Katarzyna Biernacki, Christine Corriveau, Karim Hammamji
The case of an 89-year-old man who was referred for a painless decrease of vision in his right eye (RE) is reported. Fundus examination of the RE showed an elevated amelanotic lesion located in the posterior pole with an adjacent focal round pigmented lesion. There was also a more peripheral amelanotic lesion extending from 6 to 9 o'clock clockwise inferotemporally. Uveitis workup and imaging studies of brain and orbits were normal. A retinochoroidal biopsy was done and showed the presence of choroidal extranodal marginal zone lymphoma...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
William S Gange, Stephen M Holland, Felipe De Alba
PURPOSE: To report a case of IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) which presented as choroidal and orbital lesions. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 64-year-old man presented with left eye photopsias and a history of IgG4-related perirenal fibrosis. Fundoscopic examination showed multiple bilateral yellow choroidal lesions, and optical coherence tomography showed multiple choroidal lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging of the orbits showed an enhancing lesion present circumferential to the optic nerve, but greater medially, abutting the posterior surface of the left globe...
March 24, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Zhi-Hua Cui, Yan Zhang, Ling-Ling Liang, Zhao-Hui Li, Inna Abramova, Qian Hao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Maria Teresa Mandara, Luca Motta, Pietro Calò
In cats, lymphoma (lymphosarcoma) is the most common neoplasm affecting the spinal cord and the second most common intracranial tumour. Although lymphoma commonly develops in the spinal cord as a part of a multicentric process, a primary form may occur. Lymphoma can exhibit a wide range of morphological patterns, including intraparenchymal brain mass, lymphomatosis cerebri, intravascular lymphoma, lymphomatous choroiditis and meningitis, extradural, intradural-extramedullary or intramedullary lymphoma in the spinal cord, or neurolymphomatosis in the peripheral nerves...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
Mary Beth Cunnane, Hugh David Curtin
Diseases of the orbit can be categorized in many ways, but in this chapter we shall group them according to etiology. Inflammatory diseases of the orbits may be infectious or noninfectious. Of the infections, orbital cellulitis is the most common and typically arises as a complication of acute sinusitis. Of the noninfectious, inflammatory conditions, thyroid orbitopathy is the most common and results in enlargement of the extraocular muscles and proliferation of the orbital fat. Idiopathic orbital inflammatory syndrome is another cause of inflammation in the orbit, which may mimic thyroid orbitopathy or even neoplasm, but typically presents with pain...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Jennifer C Hausmann, Christoph Mans, Allyson Gosling, Jaimie L Miller, Tamara Chamberlin, John R Dunn, Paul E Miller, Kurt K Sladky
A 20-year-old, female Catalina macaw (Ara ararauna × Ara macao ) was presented with bilateral uveitis and hyphema. The hyphema initially improved with 0.12% prednisolone acetate ophthalmic drops (1 drop OU q4h for 7 days), but the hyphema recurred after the drops were tapered. The bird subsequently developed inappetance, weight loss, regurgitation, and lethargy and was euthanatized 24 days after initial presentation. Necropsy revealed marked splenomegaly and hepatomegaly, with significant mucosal ulcerations of the proventriculus and petechiation associated with both kidneys...
June 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
Jared E Knickelbein, Jesia Hasan, Robert B Nussenblatt, H Nida Sen
PURPOSE: To investigate whether wide-field multispectral scanning laser ophthalmoscopy could assist in determining depth of chorioretinal pathology in posterior uveitis. METHODS: Cross-sectional retrospective review of patients with birdshot chorioretinopathy (BCR; 42 eyes of 21 patients) or active primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL; 18 eyes of 10 patients) who had multispectral wide-field scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (Optos) images. Images acquired with 532 nm and 635 nm lasers were analyzed separately using Optos V Vantage Pro Review software...
November 2016: Retina
Arman Mashayekhi, Murat Hasanreisoglu, Carol L Shields, Jerry A Shields
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy and safety of external beam radiation for treatment of choroidal lymphoma (CL). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five eyes of 24 patients with CL treated with external beam radiation. METHOD: Review of medical records. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Tumor control, visual acuity, and radiation complications. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 62 years (median, 65; range, 32-89 years)...
October 2016: Retina
Camille Boulagnon, Alain Ducasse, Martine Patey, Marie-Danièle Diebold, Carl Arndt
OBJECTIVE: To describe findings in vitreous fluid samples in routine cytology practice. STUDY DESIGN: The pathology archives from 1988 to 2008 at our institution were searched for vitreous samples. The slides were reviewed and clinical and follow-up information was obtained. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-two vitreous fluid samples from 166 patients were analyzed. Most of the samples had been collected for vitreous hemorrhage (75 cases). The second reason for vitreous sample cytological evaluation was an intraocular inflammatory process (55 cases)...
2016: Acta Cytologica
Brandon Erickson, Dimosthenis Mantopoulos, Lynn Schoenfield, Colleen M Cebulla
PURPOSE: We report a rare case of primary uveal lymphoma and characterize it using histopathology and multimodal imaging. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 41-year-old male presented with a 2-year history of increasingly blurry vision in his right eye and no systemic symptoms. Examination revealed a retinal detachment and mass lesion in the right eye. Radiologic and histologic testing was performed. RESULTS: Multimodal imaging localized the lesion to the choroid, and fine needle aspiration biopsy diagnosed the lesion as a low-grade B-cell lymphoma...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Baran Yılmaz, Murat Şakir Ekşi, Mustafa Kemal Demir, Akın Akakın, Zafer Orkun Toktaş, Özlem Yapıcıer, Türker Kılıç
INTRODUCTION: Glioblastoma is the most common and the most malignant type of gliomas. Cerebral hemispheres are usual locations for gliomas. Isolated third ventricular presentation is very rare for glioblastomas. A new case of isolated third ventricular glioblastoma has been presented in this report. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 36-year-old woman was admitted to outpatient clinic with headache, blurred vision and confusion. A head CT scan and MRI had showed third ventricular mass lesion with obstructive hydrocephalus...
2016: SpringerPlus
Beverly W Baron, Peter Pytel
We reported that the integral membrane 2B gene (ITM2B, also called BRI2) is a target of BCL6 repression in lymphomas. Molecular alterations in ITM2B are associated with 2 neurodegenerative diseases, Familial British and Danish dementia, and dysregulation of ITM2B function has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). Although ITM2B expression has been studied, the distribution of BCL6 in human brain has not been described. Our goal is to analyze BCL6 and ITM2B localization in normal human brains and in AD by immunohistochemistry to understand their relationship...
August 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
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