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Tropical fish

Richard L Pyle, Raymond Boland, Holly Bolick, Brian W Bowen, Christina J Bradley, Corinne Kane, Randall K Kosaki, Ross Langston, Ken Longenecker, Anthony Montgomery, Frank A Parrish, Brian N Popp, John Rooney, Celia M Smith, Daniel Wagner, Heather L Spalding
Although the existence of coral-reef habitats at depths to 165 m in tropical regions has been known for decades, the richness, diversity, and ecological importance of mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) has only recently become widely acknowledged. During an interdisciplinary effort spanning more than two decades, we characterized the most expansive MCEs ever recorded, with vast macroalgal communities and areas of 100% coral cover between depths of 50-90 m extending for tens of km(2) in the Hawaiian Archipelago...
2016: PeerJ
Alba Ardura, Elvira Morote, Marc Kochzius, Eva Garcia-Vazquez
Mid-trophic pelagic fish are essential components of marine ecosystems because they represent the link between plankton and higher predators. Moreover, they are the basis of the most important fisheries resources; for example, in African waters. In this study, we have sampled pelagic fish larvae in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean along a latitudinal gradient between 37°N and 2°S. We have employed Bongo nets for plankton sampling and sorted visually fish and fish larvae. Using the cytochrome oxidase I gene (COI) as a DNA barcode, we have identified 44 OTUs down to species level that correspond to 14 families, with Myctophidae being the most abundant...
2016: PeerJ
A Sobrino-Figueroa
The toxic effects of four powder detergents: two laundry detergents (A and B), one household detergent (C), one dishwashing detergent (D), and the surfactant alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) were analyzed in this study on organisms from different trophic levels (microalgae, cladocerans, ostracods, amphipods, macrophytes, and fish). LC50 and EC50 values obtained in the toxicity bioassays varied between 0.019 and 116.9 mg L(-1). The sensitivity of the organisms to the detergents was (from most sensitive to least sensitive) Ostracods > microalgae > amphipods > cladocerans > fishes > macrophytes...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Eric A Lewallen, Andrew J Bohonak, Carolina A Bonin, Andre J van Wijnen, Robert L Pitman, Nathan R Lovejoy
Delineating populations of pantropical marine fish is a difficult process, due to widespread geographic ranges and complex life history traits in most species. Exocoetus volitans, a species of two-winged flyingfish, is a good model for understanding large-scale patterns of epipelagic fish population structure because it has a circumtropical geographic range and completes its entire life cycle in the epipelagic zone. Buoyant pelagic eggs should dictate high local dispersal capacity in this species, although a brief larval phase, small body size, and short lifespan may limit the dispersal of individuals over large spatial scales...
2016: PloS One
João Vitor Campos-Silva, Carlos A Peres
Tropical wetlands are highly threatened socio-ecological systems, where local communities rely heavily on aquatic animal protein, such as fish, to meet food security. Here, we quantify how a 'win-win' community-based resource management program induced stock recovery of the world's largest scaled freshwater fish (Arapaima gigas), providing both food and income. We analyzed stock assessment data over eight years and examined the effects of protected areas, community-based management, and landscape and limnological variables across 83 oxbow lakes monitored along a ~500-km section of the Juruá River of Western Brazilian Amazonia...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yuta Komoike, Masato Matsuoka
Recently, a tropical freshwater fish, the zebrafish, has been generally used as a useful model organism in various fields of life science worldwide. The zebrafish model has also been applied to environmental toxicology; however, in Japan, it has not yet become widely used. In this review, we will introduce the biological and historical backgrounds of zebrafish as an animal model and their breeding. We then present the current status of toxicological experiments using zebrafish that were treated with some important environmental contaminants, including cadmium, organic mercury, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, and tributyltin...
2016: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Marco Endruweit, Junxing Yang, Shuwei Liu
Nemacheilid loaches are a common element of fish assemblages of Southeast Asian streams. In particular, streams in tropical and subtropical regions with a gravelly to rocky substrate and a swift current are typically inhabited by several species of nemacheilid loaches. Up to six different species are reported to occur syntopically (Kottelat 1990). The vast majority of these loaches are allocated within the diverse genus Schistura, which accommodates about 200 valid species (Kottelat 2012). River loaches of the genus Schistura are defined as having the mouth moderately arched; the lower lip medially notched, not forming lateral labial pads; air bladder without a secondary chamber, and a maximum size between 25 mm and 120 mm SL (Kottelat 1990)...
September 16, 2016: Zootaxa
Ana Cecília Rizzatti de Albergaria-Barbosa, Vinicius Faria Patire, Satie Taniguchi, Wellington Silva Fernandez, June Ferraz Dias, Márcia Caruso Bícego
This work aimed to evaluate the use of Mugil curema as a biomonitor for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) bioavailability. Fish biliary metabolites from low-contaminated (Cananéia) and contaminated (Santos) Brazilian estuaries were analysed using a high-performance liquid chromatography apparatus coupled to fluorescence detectors connected in a series. In the Cananéia and Santos estuaries, total metabolite levels ranged from 0.85 to 34.4μgg(-1) of bile and from 4.06 to 528μgg(-1) of bile, respectively...
September 29, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Alexandra Juhász, Ádám Dán, Béla Dénes, István Kucsera, József Danka, Gábor Majoros
Several trematodes that parasitize vertebrate animals utilize swimming aquatic larvae to infect the host percutaneously. The most important ones among these parasites are the blood-flukes of birds and mammals comprising species that are also zoonotic. Within this latter group are species that cause the bilharziasis or schistosomiasis of inhabitants of the tropical countries, and other trematode species that are able to penetrate human skin, but do not develop to an adult form of the worm in the body. In temperate climates this latter type of infection occurs mainly in the form of an unpleasant inflammation of the skin and is often called "swimmer's itch"...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
I M Fernandes, Y F Bastos, D S Barreto, L S Lourenço, J M Penha
Clove oil is used as a fish anesthetic because it is a natural and inexpensive product with low toxicity risks. The goal of the present study was to determine the appropriate concentration of clove oil for small-sized tropical fish to be used in mark-recapture studies or when individuals are to be sacrificed. We applied three different clove oil concentrations (D1=0.05 mL, D2=0.10 mL and D3=0.20 mL per 500 mL of water) on three small-sized fish species. We found a negative relationship between induction time and treatment for two species (Hyphessobrycon sp...
September 26, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Shannen M Smith, Rebecca J Fox, Jennifer M Donelson, Megan L Head, David J Booth
With global change accelerating the rate of species' range shifts, predicting which are most likely to establish viable populations in their new habitats is key to understanding how biological systems will respond. Annually, in Australia, tropical fish larvae from the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) are transported south via the East Australian Current (EAC), settling into temperate coastal habitats for the summer period, before experiencing near-100% mortality in winter. However, within 10 years, predicted winter ocean temperatures for the southeast coast of Australia will remain high enough for more of these so-called 'tropical vagrants' to survive over winter...
September 2016: Biology Letters
Janaína Andrade Dos Santos, Karen Figueiredo de Oliveira, Isabel Cristina da Silva Araújo, Izaura Izadora Ferreira Avelino, Karla Nayara de Sousa Cajuí, Luiz Drude de Lacerda, Rozane Valente Marins
Monitoring phosphorus (P) concentration in water and sediments in the Castanhão reservoir, under intensive aquaculture, in Northeastern Brazil showed internal process to dominate P cycling following a reduction of reservoir volume due to an extended drought period. A strong negative correlation between soluble reactive phosphorus in surface waters (SRPs) with the reservoir volume results from diminishing dilution capacity; bottom water SRP showed no significant correlation with volume and imply SRP remobilization to surface layers...
September 20, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Kelly-Anne Masterman, Andrew C Barnes
Neutrophils are a short-lived, terminally differentiated, innate immune cell, that are critical first responders during infection. Research into neutrophil-pathogen interactions in fish has primarily employed cells derived from the pro-nephros and nephros. Since these sites are also the location of neutrophil and other immune cell development, there may be some ambiguity in maturation and functional ability of these cells, and difficulty in differentiating the effects of neutrophils from those of macrophages and monocytes...
September 15, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Aline D Gomes, Carlos E Tolussi, Iola G Boëchat, Marcelo L M Pompêo, Maíra P T Cortez, Renato M Honji, Renata G Moreira
Eutrophication results in a deficiency of n-3 LC-PUFA (long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids) in aquatic food chains, affecting fish nutrition and physiology. The trophic transfer of FA (fatty acids) to fish species of different feeding habits was investigated in two reservoirs in southeast Brazil-the mesotrophic Ponte Nova Reservoir (PN) and the hypereutrophic Billings Reservoir (Bil). Total FA profile of stomach contents and adipose tissue, triacylglycerols (TAG), and phospholipids (PL) from liver and muscle of the omnivorous Astyanax fasciatus and the carnivorous Hoplias malabaricus were analyzed by gas chromatography...
October 2016: Lipids
Jacco C van Rijssel, Robert E Hecky, Mary A Kishe-Machumu, Saskia E Meijer, Johan Pols, Kaj M van Tienderen, Jan D Ververs, Jan H Wanink, Frans Witte
Textbook examples of adaptive radiation often show rapid morphological changes in response to environmental perturbations. East Africa's Lake Victoria, famous for its stunning adaptive radiation of cichlids, has suffered from human-induced eutrophication over the past decades. This cultural eutrophication is thought to be partly responsible for the dramatically reduced cichlid biodiversity, but climatic variability in itself might also have contributed to the eutrophication which resulted in low oxygen levels and decreased water transparency...
December 2016: Oecologia
Francesca Gissi, Jennifer L Stauber, Monique T Binet, Lisa A Golding, Merrin S Adams, Christian E Schlekat, Emily R Garman, Dianne F Jolley
The South East Asian Melanesian (SEAM) region contains the world's largest deposits of nickel lateritic ores. Environmental impacts may occur if mining operations are not adequately managed. Effects data for tropical ecosystems are required to assess risks of contaminant exposure and to derive water quality guidelines (WQG) to manage these risks. Currently, risk assessment tools and WQGs for the tropics are limited due to the sparse research on how contaminants impact tropical biota. As part of a larger project to develop appropriate risk assessment tools to ensure sustainable nickel production in SEAM, nickel effects data were required...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
Manon Fourriére, Héctor Reyes-Bonilla, Arturo Ayala-Bocos, James A Ketchum, Juan Carlos Chávez-Comparan
This paper presents an updated checklist of cartilaginous and bony fishes from the Revillagigedo Archipelago reefs and nearby areas (Tropical Eastern Pacific). To compile this list, we gathered data from field surveys between 1994 and 2015, from an exhaustive literature review, and by consulting museum collections and databases. With these records we estimated the completeness of the local fish inventory using four non-parametric rarefaction methods. We report a total of 389 species in 102 families; 235 of these are reef fish that occur in the Eastern but also in the Central Pacific, and 13 species were identified as endemic to the archipelago...
2016: Zootaxa
Francisco Gerson Araújo, Samara Macedo Pinto, Leonardo Mitrano Neves, Márcia Cristina Costa de Azevedo
We assessed inter-annual changes in fish assemblages of a tropical bay which experienced a heavily industrialized process in the last decades. A highly significant difference in community structure among the bay zones, and a decrease in fish richness and abundance over time were found. Changes in fish richness and abundance between the two first (1987-1988 and 1993-1995) and the two latter time periods (1998-2001 and 2012-2013) were sharpest in the inner bay zone, the most impacted bay area, and in the middle zone, whereas the outer zone remained comparatively stable over time...
September 7, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Candice Heath, Christine M Gillen, Panagiotis Chrysanthopoulos, Mark J Walker, Andrew C Barnes
Streptococcus iniae causes septicaemia and meningitis in marine and freshwater fish wherever they are farmed in warm-temperate and tropical regions. Although serotype specific, vaccination with bacterins (killed bacterial cultures) is largely successful and vaccine failure occurs only occasionally through emergence of new capsular serotypes. Previously we showed that mutations in vaccine escapes are restricted to a limited repertoire of genes within the 20-gene capsular polysaccharide (cps) operon. cpsG, a putative UDP-galactose 4-epimerase, has three sequence types based on the insertion or deletion of the three amino acids leucine, serine and lysine in the substrate binding site of the protein...
September 25, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Maria-Cecilia Lopez, Ricardo F Ungaro, Henry V Baker, Lyle L Moldawer, Alison Robertson, Margaret Abbott, Sparkle M Roberts, Lynn M Grattan, J Glenn Morris
Ciguatera fish poisoning (ciguatera) is a common clinical syndrome in areas where there is dependence on tropical reef fish for food. A subset of patients develops recurrent and, in some instances, chronic symptoms, which may result in substantial disability. To identify possible biomarkers for recurrent/chronic disease, and to explore correlations with immune gene expression, peripheral blood leukocyte gene expression in 10 ciguatera patients (7 recurrent, 3 acute) from the U.S. Virgin Islands, and 5 unexposed Florida controls were evaluated...
July 2016: Harmful Algae
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