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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918322/time-for-tiger-to-roar-technology-informatics-guiding-education-reform
#1
EDITORIAL
Siobhan O'Connor, Ursula Hubner, Toria Shaw, Rachelle Blake, Marion Ball
Information Technology (IT) continues to evolve and develop with electronic devices and systems becoming integral to healthcare in every country. This has led to an urgent need for all professions working in healthcare to be knowledgeable and skilled in informatics. The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative was established in 2006 in the United States to develop key areas of informatics in nursing. One of these was to integrate informatics competencies into nursing curricula and life-long learning...
August 19, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917819/seabirds-and-marine-plastic-debris-in-the-northeastern-atlantic-a-synthesis-and-recommendations-for-monitoring-and-research
#2
REVIEW
Nina J O'Hanlon, Neil A James, Elizabeth A Masden, Alexander L Bond
Marine plastic pollution is an increasing, and global, environmental issue. Numerous marine species are affected by plastic debris through entanglement, nest incorporation, and ingestion, which can lead to lethal and sub-lethal impacts. However, in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean, an area of international importance for seabirds, there has been little effort to date to assess information from studies of wildlife and plastic to better understand the spatiotemporal variation of how marine plastic affects different seabird species...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917504/update-on-the-risk-of-motor-vehicle-collision-or-driving-impairment-with-dementia-a-collaborative-international-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Justin N Chee, Mark J Rapoport, Frank Molnar, Nathan Herrmann, Desmond O'Neill, Richard Marottoli, Sara Mitchell, Mark Tant, Jamie Dow, Debbie Ayotte, Krista L Lanctôt, Regina McFadden, John-Paul Taylor, Paul C Donaghy, Kirsty Olsen, Sherrilene Classen, Yoassry Elzohairy, David B Carr
Guidelines that physicians use to assess fitness to drive for dementia are limited in their currency, applicability, and rigor of development. Therefore, we performed a systematic review to determine the risk of motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) or driving impairment caused by dementia, in order to update international guidelines on driving with dementia. Seven literature databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, etc.) were searched for all research studies published after 2004 containing participants with mild, moderate, or severe dementia...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916567/perspective-an-extension-of-the-strobe-statement-for-observational-studies-in-nutritional-epidemiology-strobe-nut-explanation-and-elaboration
#4
Agneta Hörnell, Christina Berg, Elisabet Forsum, Christel Larsson, Emily Sonestedt, Agneta Åkesson, Carl Lachat, Dana Hawwash, Patrick Kolsteren, Graham Byrnes, Willem De Keyzer, John Van Camp, Janet E Cade, Darren C Greenwood, Nadia Slimani, Myriam Cevallos, Matthias Egger, Inge Huybrechts, Elisabet Wirfält
Nutritional epidemiology is an inherently complex and multifaceted research area. Dietary intake is a complex exposure and is challenging to describe and assess, and links between diet, health, and disease are difficult to ascertain. Consequently, adequate reporting is necessary to facilitate comprehension, interpretation, and generalizability of results and conclusions. The STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement is an international and collaborative initiative aiming to enhance the quality of reporting of observational studies...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913968/risk-factors-for-unfavourable-postoperative-outcome-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-undergoing-right-hemicolectomy-or-ileocaecal-resection-an-international-audit-by-escp-and-s-ecco
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Patient and disease-related factors, as well as operation technique all have the potential to impact on postoperative outcome in Crohn's disease. The available evidence is based on small series and often displays conflicting results. AIM: To investigate the effect of pre- and intra-operative risk factors on 30-day postoperative outcome in patients undergoing surgery for Crohn's disease. METHOD: International prospective snapshot audit including consecutive patients undergoing right hemicolectomy or ileocaecal resection...
September 15, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913713/ethnic-groups-differ-in-how-poor-self-rated-mental-health-reflects-psychiatric-disorders
#6
Shervin Assari
AIM: This study aimed to explore cross-ethnic variation in the pattern of the associations between psychiatric disorders and self-rated mental health (SRMH) in the USA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003, a national household probability sample. The study enrolled 18,237 individuals who were either Non-Hispanic White (n = 7587), African American (n = 4746), Mexican (n = 1442), Cuban (n = 577), Puerto Rican (n = 495), Other Hispanic (n = 1106), Vietnamese (n = 520), Filipino (n = 508), Chinese (n = 600) or Other Asian (n = 656)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904183/the-tb-portals-an-open-access-web-based-platform-for-global-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-data-sharing-and-analysis
#7
Alex Rosenthal, Andrei Gabrielian, Eric Engle, Darrell E Hurt, Sofia Alexandru, Valeriu Crudu, Eugene Sergueev, Valery Kirichenko, Vladzimir Lapitskii, Eduard Snezhko, Vassili Kovalev, Andrei Astrovko, Alena Skrahina, Jessica Taaffe, Michael Harris, Alyssa Long, Kurt Wollenberg, Irada Akhundova, Sharafat Ismayilova, Aliaksandr Skrahin, Elcan Mammadbayov, Hagigat Gadirova, Rafik Abuzarov, Mehriban Seyfaddinova, Zaza Avaliani, Irina Strambu, Dragos Zaharia, Alexandru Muntean, Eugenia Ghita, Miron Bogdan, Roxana Mindru, Victor Spinu, Alexandra Sora, Catalina Ene, Sergo Vashakidze, Natalia Shubladze, Ucha Nanava, Alexander Tuzikov, Michael Tartakovsky
The TB Portals Program is an international consortium of physicians, radiologists, and microbiologists from countries with a heavy burden of drug-resistant tuberculosis working with data scientists and IT professionals. Together, we have built the TB Portals, a repository of socioeconomic/geographic, clinical, laboratory, radiological, and genomic data from patient cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis and backed by shareable, physical samples. Currently, there are 1,299 total cases from five country sites (Azerbaijan, Belarus, Moldova, Georgia, and Romania), of which 976 (75...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903629/a-multidisciplinary-approach-for-developing-an-assessment-tool-for-touch-screen-devices
#8
Alexandra Danial-Saad, Lorenzo Chiari
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the processes of reaching consensus regarding the assessment of the user's skills required to operate various touch screen devices. A five-step procedure was used to collect and validate the required skills by a multidisciplinary team of 52 experts. Content validity was calculated to determine the agreement levels between the experts. A comparison was made between the discipline groups in order to test correlation between each group and their choice of specific clusters of tasks...
September 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903533/joint-symposium-of-korean-cancer-association-uicc-aro-cross-boundary-cancer-studies-cancer-and-universal-health-coverage-uhc-in-asia
#9
Eun-Cheol Park, Norie Kawahara, Shinjiro Nozaki, Hasbullah Thabrany, Shunya Yoshimi, Sohee Park, Duk Hyoung Lee, Hideyuki Akaza, Jae Kyung Roh
On 16 June 2016, the Korean Cancer Association (KCA) and Union for International Cancer Control-Asia Regional Office (UICC-ARO) organized a joint symposium as part of the official program of the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Korean Cancer Association to discuss the topic 'Cross-boundary Cancer Studies: Cancer and Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in Asia.' Universal Health Coverage is included in the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...
September 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901239/ethical-issues-in-action-oriented-research-in-indonesia
#10
Rini Rachmawaty
BACKGROUND: Action-oriented research is one of the most frequent research types implemented to transform community health in Indonesia. Three researchers and 11 graduate students from a developed country in East Asia conducted a fieldwork program in a remote area in South Sulawesi Province. Although the project was completed, whether or not the international standards for human subject research were applied into that study remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine ethical issues raised from that case, analyze constraints to the problems, and recommend alternatives to protect vulnerable populations from being exploited by local/international researchers...
September 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901179/visualizing-a-monumental-past-archeology-nasser-s-egypt-and-the-early-cold-war
#11
William Carruthers
This article examines geographies of decolonization and the Cold War through a case study in the making of archeological knowledge. The article focuses on an archeological dig that took place in Egypt in the period between the July 1952 Free Officers' coup and the 1956 Suez crisis. Making use of the notion of the 'boundary object', this article demonstrates how the excavation of ancient Egyptian remains at the site of Mit Rahina helped to constitute Nasserist revolutionary modernity and its relationship to wider, post-Second World War political geographies...
September 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899833/a-pilot-study-of-the-level-of-evidence-and-collaboration-in-published-neurosurgical-research
#12
Casey D Frey, Taylor A Wilson, Mason Decamillis, Thomas Wilson, John A Wilson, Stacey Q Wolfe, Kyle M Fargen
BACKGROUND: Large-scale studies analyzing neurosurgical published research are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was designed to assess the feasibility of an ongoing annual neurosurgical literature and research analysis of published manuscripts in English language neurosurgery journals. METHODS: All scientific manuscripts published during 2015 in the print version of 14 English language neurosurgery journals were reviewed individually. RESULTS: A total of 4065 manuscripts were published in the 14 neurosurgical journals during 2015...
September 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899438/facilitators-and-barriers-to-preparedness-partnerships-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center-perspective
#13
Susan Schmitz, Tamar Wyte-Lake, Aram Dobalian
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand facilitators and barriers faced by local US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) emergency managers (EMs) when collaborating with non-VA entities. METHODS: Twelve EMs participated in semi-structured interviews lasting 60 to 90 minutes discussing their collaboration with non-VAMC organizations. Sections of the interview transcripts concerning facilitators and barriers to collaboration were coded and analyzed...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898386/pancreaticojejunostomy-versus-pancreaticogastrostomy-reconstruction-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#14
REVIEW
Yao Cheng, Marta Briarava, Mingliang Lai, Xiaomei Wang, Bing Tu, Nansheng Cheng, Jianping Gong, Yuhong Yuan, Pierluigi Pilati, Simone Mocellin
BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy is a surgical procedure used to treat diseases of the pancreatic head and, less often, the duodenum. The most common disease treated is cancer, but pancreatoduodenectomy is also used for people with traumatic lesions and chronic pancreatitis. Following pancreatoduodenectomy, the pancreatic stump must be connected with the small bowel where pancreatic juice can play its role in food digestion. Pancreatojejunostomy (PJ) and pancreatogastrostomy (PG) are surgical procedures commonly used to reconstruct the pancreatic stump after pancreatoduodenectomy...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898197/urgent-need-for-improved-mental-health-care-and-a-more-collaborative-model-of-care
#15
James Lake, Mason Spain Turner
Current treatments and the dominant model of mental health care do not adequately address the complex challenges of mental illness, which accounts for roughly one-third of adult disability globally. These circumstances call for radical change in the paradigm and practices of mental health care, including improving standards of clinician training, developing new research methods, and re-envisioning current models of mental health care delivery. Because of its dominant position in the US health care marketplace and its commitment to research and innovation, Kaiser Permanente (KP) is strategically positioned to make important contributions that will shape the future of mental health care nationally and globally...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894480/patient-participation-in-ers-guidelines-and-research-projects-the-embarc-experience
#16
REVIEW
James D Chalmers, Alan Timothy, Eva Polverino, Marta Almagro, Thomas Ruddy, Pippa Powell, Jeanette Boyd
The European Multicentre Bronchiectasis Audit and Research Collaboration (EMBARC) is a European Respiratory Society (ERS) Clinical Research Collaboration dedicated to improving research and clinical care for people with bronchiectasis. EMBARC has created a European Bronchiectasis Registry, funded by the ERS and by the European Union (EU) Innovative Medicines Initiative Programme. From the outset, EMBARC had the ambition to be a patient-focussed project. In contrast to many respiratory diseases, however, there are no specific patient charities or European patient organisations for patients with bronchiectasis and no existing infrastructure for patient engagement...
September 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894479/the-european-multicentre-bronchiectasis-audit-and-research-collaboration-embarc-experiences-from-a-successful-ers-clinical-research-collaboration
#17
REVIEW
James D Chalmers, Megan Crichton, Pieter C Goeminne, Michael R Loebinger, Charles Haworth, Marta Almagro, Montse Vendrell, Anthony De Soyza, Raja Dhar, Lucy Morgan, Francesco Blasi, Stefano Aliberti, Jeanette Boyd, Eva Polverino
In contrast to airway diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, and rare diseases such as cystic fibrosis, there has been little research and few clinical trials in bronchiectasis. Guidelines are primarily based on expert opinion and treatment is challenging because of the heterogeneous nature of the disease. In an effort to address decades of underinvestment in bronchiectasis research, education and clinical care, the European Multicentre Bronchiectasis Audit and Research Collaboration (EMBARC) was established in 2012 as a collaborative pan-European network to bring together bronchiectasis researchers...
September 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893277/development-of-an-hiv-vaccine-using-a-vesicular-stomatitis-virus-vector-expressing-designer-hiv-1-envelope-glycoproteins-to-enhance-humoral-responses
#18
REVIEW
Trina Racine, Gary P Kobinger, Eric J Arts
Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), like many other Rhabdoviruses, have become the focus of intense research over the past couple of decades based on their suitability as vaccine vectors, transient gene delivery systems, and as oncolytic viruses for cancer therapy. VSV as a vaccine vector platform has multiple advantages over more traditional viral vectors including low level, non-pathogenic replication in diverse cell types, ability to induce both humoral and cell-mediate immune responses, and the remarkable expression of foreign proteins cloned into multiple intergenic sites in the VSV genome...
September 12, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892479/towards-chagas-disease-elimination-neonatal-screening-for-congenital-transmission-in-rural-communities
#19
Pamela Marie Pennington, José Guillermo Juárez, Margarita Rivera Arrivillaga, Sandra María De Urioste-Stone, Katherine Doktor, Joe P Bryan, Clara Yaseli Escobar, Celia Cordón-Rosales
Chagas disease is a neglected tropical disease that continues to affect populations living in extreme poverty in Latin America. After successful vector control programs, congenital transmission remains as a challenge to disease elimination. We used the PRECEDE-PROCEED planning model to develop strategies for neonatal screening of congenital Chagas disease in rural communities of Guatemala. These communities have persistent high triatomine infestations and low access to healthcare. We used mixed methods with multiple stakeholders to identify and address maternal-infant health behaviors through semi-structured interviews, participatory group meetings, archival reviews and a cross-sectional survey in high risk communities...
September 11, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891418/two-years-follow-up-of-an-open-label-pilot-study-of-treatment-with-rituximab-in-patients-with-early-diffuse-cutaneous-systemic-sclerosis
#20
Karin Melsens, Els Vandecasteele, Ellen Deschepper, Valérie Badot, Daniel Blockmans, Guy Brusselle, Ellen De Langhe, Michel De Pauw, Claire Debusschere, Saskia Decuman, Liselotte Deroo, Frédéric Houssiau, Jan Lenaerts, Yves Piette, Kristof Thevissen, Marie Vanthuyne, René Westhovens, Sara Wijnant, Filip De Keyser, Vanessa Smith
OBJECTIVES: Following results in open-label studies of rituximab in patients with systemic sclerosis, a Belgian three-centre initiative was launched to explore safety and efficacy of rituximab in early, diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). METHODS: Open-label study of 17 patients with early dcSSc, treated with two courses of rituximab, at month 0 and 6. Clinical examination, lung function testing, echocardiography, disease activity score (DAS) and functional status were performed at baseline and over 24 months of follow-up...
September 11, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
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