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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654319/partial-characterization-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-isolates-from-ticks-of-southern-ukraine
#1
Oksana O Yurchenko, Dmytro O Dubina, Nataliya O Vynograd, Jean-Paul Gonzalez
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is the most common tick-borne viral infection in Eurasia; thousands of human cases are annually reported from several European countries. Several tick species are vectors of the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), while TBE appears to be spreading from the Eurasian continent westward to Europe. Fifteen study sites were chosen from five territories of southern Ukraine, including Odessa, Mykolaiv, Kherson Oblast, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, and Sevastopol. Tick collection was performed in spring season of three consecutive years (1988-1990) using either flagging technique or direct collection of specimens feeding on cattle...
June 27, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649574/erratum-user-experience-analysis-of-e-tb-manager-a-nationwide-electronic-tuberculosis-recording-and-reporting-system-in-ukraine-niranjan-konduri-kelly-sawyer-and-nataliya-nizova-erj-open-res-2017-3-00002-2017
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645274/buccal-mucosa-micronuclei-counts-in-relation-to-exposure-to-low-dose-rate-radiation-from-the-chornobyl-nuclear-accident-and-other-medical-and-occupational-radiation-exposures
#3
D Bazyka, S C Finch, I M Ilienko, O Lyaskivska, I Dyagil, N Trotsiuk, N Gudzenko, V V Chumak, K M Walsh, J Wiemels, M P Little, L B Zablotska
BACKGROUND: Ionizing radiation is a well-known carcinogen. Chromosome aberrations, and in particular micronuclei represent an early biological predictor of cancer risk. There are well-documented associations of micronuclei with ionizing radiation dose in some radiation-exposed groups, although not all. That associations are not seen in all radiation-exposed groups may be because cells with micronuclei will not generally pass through mitosis, so that radiation-induced micronuclei decay, generally within a few years after exposure...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639115/chemical-composition-of-selected-commercial-herbal-remedies-in-relation-to-geographical-origin-and-inter-species-diversity
#4
Pawel Konieczynski, Agnieszka Viapiana, Roman Lysiuk, Marek Wesolowski
Infusions prepared from medicinal herbs that are rich in flavonoids are very popular herbal remedies in societies of Eastern Europe. Therefore, the content of essential elements together with total flavonoids was analyzed in 65 commercially available samples of herbal drugs originating from Ukraine, Romania, and Belarus. The results showed that metallic elements (in mg kg(-1) d.w.) have occurred in the following order: Fe > Mn > Zn > Cu, both for total and water-extractable species. Total flavonoids were determined in the range from 10...
June 21, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636570/use-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-central-eastern-european-countries-an-overview
#5
Gábor Gazdag, Jozef Dragasek, Rozália Takács, Margus Lõokene, Tomasz Sobow, Aleksey Olekseev, Gabor S Ungvari
Though a number of reports on the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been published from the Central-Eastern European region over the past two decades, a systematic review of this literature has not been published. Thus the aim of this paper was to review recent trends in ECT practice in Central-Eastern Europe. Systematic literature search was undertaken using the Medline, PSYCHINFO and EMBASE databases covering the period between January 2000 and December 2013. Relevant publications were found from the following countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine, but none from Albania and Moldova...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628853/willingness-to-pay-for-opioid-agonist-treatment-among-opioid-dependent-people-who-inject-drugs-in-ukraine
#6
Iuliia Makarenko, Alyona Mazhnaya, Ruthanne Marcus, Martha J Bojko, Lynn Madden, Sergii Filippovich, Sergii Dvoriak, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: In the context of decreasing external and limited Ukrainian governmental funding for opioid agonist treatments (OAT) for opioid dependent people who inject drugs in Ukraine, information on sustainable financial models is needed. METHODS: Data on 855 opioid dependent people who inject drugs (PWID) were drawn from a cross-sectional nationwide survey of 1613 PWID. They comprised 434 participants who were receiving OAT and 421 who were on OAT in the past or have never been on OAT and were interested in receiving the treatment...
June 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616603/current-practice-for-gastric-cancer-treatment-in-ukraine
#7
REVIEW
Andrii Sydiuk
Ukraine registers more than 8,000 new cases of gastric cancer (GC) annually. The disease is usually diagnosed at stage III-IV (65% of cases) and 62.2% of patients die within 1 year. About 70% of patients with GC need chemotherapy, and for most of them, this is the only way to increase their life expectancy. An unsolved problem of nationwide importance is achieving the early diagnosis of GC, which predetermines the treatment outcome. The 5-year survival rate for GC patients in Ukraine is only 13%, while early diagnosed GC is almost totally curable using surgery...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616087/acute-rheumatic-fever-clinical-profile-in-children-in-western-ukraine
#8
O Boyarchuk, S Boytsanyuk, T Hariyan
Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) may have different clinical manifestations in different countries according to the genetic predisposition, prevalence of rheumatogenic strains, social and economic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics of ARF in Western Ukraine and to improve the detection of the cases. A retrospective analysis of 85 medical clinical cases of in-hospital patients aged from 4 to 17 years old was performed. The cases covered patients who underwent treatment in the City Children's Hospital of Ternopil during 2000 and 2013 with the ARF diagnosis, which was established according to Jones criteria...
April 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611816/environmental-influences-on-the-growing-season-duration-and-ripening-of-diverse-miscanthus-germplasm-grown-in-six-countries
#9
Christopher Nunn, Astley Francis St John Hastings, Olena Kalinina, Mensure Özgüven, Heinrich Schüle, Ivan G Tarakanov, Tim Van Der Weijde, Aleksander A Anisimov, Yasir Iqbal, Andreas Kiesel, Nikolay F Khokhlov, Jon P McCalmont, Heike Meyer, Michal Mos, Kai-Uwe Schwarz, Luisa M Trindade, Iris Lewandowski, John C Clifton-Brown
The development of models to predict yield potential and quality of a Miscanthus crop must consider climatic limitations and the duration of growing season. As a biomass crop, yield and quality are impacted by the timing of plant developmental transitions such as flowering and senescence. Growth models are available for the commercially grown clone Miscanthus x giganteus (Mxg), but breeding programs have been working to expand the germplasm available, including development of interspecies hybrids. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of diverse germplasm beyond the range of environments considered suitable for a Miscanthus crop to be grown...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610261/on-the-taxonomy-of-i-anaceratagallia-i-zachvatkin-1946-homoptera-%C3%A2-auchenorrhyncha-cicadellidae-agalliinae-of-western-kyrgyzstan
#10
Dmitri Yu Tishechkin
In Western Kyrgyzstan the genus Anaceratagallia includes four species: A. venosa (de Fourcroy, 1785), A. aciculata (Horvath, 1894), A. laevis (Ribaut, 1935) = A. acuteangulata Dubovskiy, 1966 nec Zachvatkin, 1946, and A. alabugensis Dubovskiy, 1966 = A. collicola Dubovskiy, 1966, syn. n. = A. turanica Dubovskiy, 1966, syn. n. = A. laevis Dubovskiy, 1966 nec Ribaut, 1935. Illustrated descriptions and male calling signal oscillograms for all species are given. The range of A. acuteangulata Zachvatkin, 1946 includes Italy, Greece, Turkey, and North Caucasus; records of this species from Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Central Asia are erroneous...
June 1, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609877/a-review-of-the-genus-rhimphoctona-f%C3%A3-rster-1869-hymenoptera-ichneumonidae-campopleginae-from-the-ukrainian-carpathians-with-a-key-to-european-species
#11
Oleksandr Varga
Seven species of Rhimphoctona Förster, 1869: R. longicauda Horstmann, 1980, R. megacephalus (Gravenhorst, 1829), R. obscuripes (Holmgren, 1860), R. pectoralis (Kriechbaumer, 1890), R. rufocoxalis (Clément, 1924), R. teredo (Hartig, 1847), R. xoridiformis (Holmgren, 1860) are recorded from the Ukrainian Carpathians. All species, except R. megacephalus, are recorded from Ukraine for the first time. The following synonymy is established: Rhimphoctona pectoralis = R. maiator Aubert, 1986 syn. nov. An illustrated key to all European Rhimphoctona species is provided...
May 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609874/two-new-species-of-oswaldocruzia-nematoda-molineidae-parasitising-lizards-in-ukraine
#12
Roman Svitin
Two new species, Oswaldocruzia lisnykiensis sp. n. and Oswaldocruzia lacertica sp. n., are described from Anguis fragilis L. (Reptilia: Anquidae) and Lacerta agilis L. (Reptilia: Lacertidae) respectively. Both species belong to the Palaearctic group of species which have spicules divided in three main branches (blade, fork and shoe) with fork division above its distal third. The new species differs from all previously known Palaearctic species by several morphological characters: type of caudal bursa (type III in O...
May 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603697/dispersal-and-transmission-of-avian-paramyxovirus-serotype-4-among-wild-birds-and-domestic-poultry
#13
Renfu Yin, Pingze Zhang, Xinxin Liu, Yanyu Chen, Zhi Tao, Lili Ai, Junjiao Li, Yingying Yang, Mingxin Li, Cong Xue, Jing Qian, Xueli Wang, Jing Chen, Yong Li, Yanping Xiong, Jun Zhang, Tobias Stoeger, Yuhai Bi, Jianjun Chen, Zhuang Ding
Avian paramyxovirus serotype 4 (APMV-4) is found sporadically in wild birds worldwide, and it is an economically important poultry pathogen. Despite the existence of several published strains, very little is known about the distribution, host species, and transmission of APMV-4 strains. To better understand the relationships among these factors, we conducted an APMV-4 surveillance of wild birds and domestic poultry in six provinces of China suspected of being intercontinental flyways and sites of interspecies transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596911/mental-health-provision-in-schools-approaches-and-interventions-in-10-european-countries
#14
P Patalay, D Gondek, B Moltrecht, L Giese, C Curtin, M Stanković, N Savka
BACKGROUND: The role of schools in providing community-based support for children's mental health and well-being is widely accepted and encouraged. Research has mainly focused on designing and evaluating specific interventions and there is little data available regarding what provision is available, the focus and priorities of schools and the professionals involved in providing this support. The current study presents these data from schools in 10 European countries. METHODS: Online survey of 1466 schools in France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, UK and Ukraine...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594886/impacts-of-el-ni%C3%A3-o-southern-oscillation-on-the-wheat-market-a-global-dynamic-analysis
#15
Luciano Gutierrez
Although the widespread influence of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) occurrences on crop yields of the main agricultural commodities is well known, the global socio-economic consequences of ENSO still remain uncertain. Given the global importance of wheat for global consumption by providing 20% of global calories and nourishment, the monitoring and prediction of ENSO-induced variations in the worldwide wheat market are essential for allowing national governments to manage the associated risks and to ensure the supplies of wheat for consumers, including the underprivileged...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584624/the-european-renal-association-european-dialysis-and-transplant-association-registry-annual-report-2014-a-summary
#16
Maria Pippias, Anneke Kramer, Marlies Noordzij, Nikolaos Afentakis, Ramón Alonso de la Torre, Patrice M Ambühl, Manuel I Aparicio Madre, Felipe Arribas Monzón, Anders Åsberg, Marjolein Bonthuis, Encarnación Bouzas Caamaño, Ivan Bubic, Fergus J Caskey, Pablo Castro de la Nuez, Harijs Cernevskis, Maria de Los Ángeles Garcia Bazaga, Jean-Marin des Grottes, Raquel Fernández González, Manuel Ferrer-Alamar, Patrik Finne, Liliana Garneata, Eliezer Golan, James G Heaf, Marc H Hemmelder, Alma Idrizi, Kyriakos Ioannou, Faical Jarraya, Nino Kantaria, Mykola Kolesnyk, Reinhard Kramar, Mathilde Lassalle, Visnja V Lezaic, Frantisek Lopot, Fernando Macario, Ángela Magaz, Angel L Martín de Francisco, Eduardo Martín Escobar, Alberto Martínez Castelao, Wendy Metcalfe, Inmaculada Moreno Alia, Maurizio Nordio, Mai Ots-Rosenberg, Runolfur Palsson, Marina Ratkovic, Halima Resic, Boleslaw Rutkowski, Carmen Santiuste de Pablos, Nurhan Seyahi, María Fernanda Slon Roblero, Viera Spustova, Koenraad J F Stas, María E Stendahl, Olivera Stojceva-Taneva, Evgueniy Vazelov, Edita Ziginskiene, Ziad Massy, Kitty J Jager, Vianda S Stel
Background: This article summarizes the European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Association Registry's 2014 annual report. It describes the epidemiology of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in 2014 within 35 countries. Methods: In 2016, the ERA-EDTA Registry received data on patients who in 2014 where undergoing RRT for ESRD, from 51 national or regional renal registries. Thirty-two registries provided individual patient level data and 19 provided aggregated patient level data...
April 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583015/chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-positivity-rates-determined-by-nucleic-acid-amplification-test-in-patients-of-hospitals-in-the-northeastern-region-of-ukraine
#17
Alexei Belozorov, Olga Fedets, Tatjana Chastii, Elena Milutina, Oksana Sokol, Ritsa Grigorova, Sergey Unuchko
There are no accurate data regarding the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Ukraine. This study aims to estimate the prevalence in the northeastern region of the country through reviewing nucleic acid amplification test results in patients of medical institutions in the Kharkov region during 2014-2016. Samples from 6920 patients (5028 women and 1892 men) aged 12-76 years were tested. The overall positivity rate was 4.5% (95% CI 4.0-5.0): 3.9% (95% CI 3.4-4.5) in women and 6.1% (95% CI 5.1-7.3) in men...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581314/intergenerational-perceptions-of-mass-trauma-s-impact-on-physical-health-and-well-being
#18
Brent Bezo, Stefania Maggi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the perceived intergenerational impact of the 1932-1933 forced starvation-genocide of Ukrainians and reports the perceived impact of the mass trauma on physical health and well-being across three generations. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with survivors of the 1930s mass trauma and their adult children and grandchildren. In total, 45 interviews were conducted in Ukraine and a qualitative thematic method was used to analyze the interview texts...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575385/a-phylogenetic-analysis-of-hiv-1-sequences-in-kiev-findings-among-key-populations
#19
Esther Fearnhill, Annabelle Gourlay, Ruslan Malyuta, Ruth Simmons, R Bridget Ferns, Paul Grant, Eleni Nastouli, Iryna Karnets, Gary Murphy, Antonia Medoeva, Yuri Kruglov, Alexander Yurchenko, Kholoud Porter
BACKGROUND: The HIV epidemic in Ukraine has been driven by a rapid rise among people who inject drugs, but recent studies have shown an increase through sexual transmission. METHODS: Protease and RT sequences from 876 new HIV diagnoses (April 2013 - March 2015) in Kiev were linked to demographic data. We constructed phylogenetic trees for 794 subtype A1 and 64 subtype B sequences and identified factors associated with transmission clustering. Clusters were defined as ≥ 2 sequences, ≥ 80% local branch support and maximum genetic distance of all sequence pairs in the cluster ≤ 2...
May 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570251/comparative-clinical-study-of-the-wound-healing-effects-of-a-novel-micropore-particle-technology-effects-on-wounds-venous-leg-ulcers-and-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#20
Olga O Bilyayeva, Viacheslav V Neshta, Alexander A Golub, Frank Sams-Dood
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the wound healing effects of Acapsil, a white, odorless powder based on micropore particle technology (MPPT) (Willingsford Ltd, Southampton, UK) by comparing it to Gentaxane (Gentaksan, Borshchagovsky CCP, Kyiv, Ukraine) (polydimethylsiloxane powder with gentamicin antibiotic) and Ioddicerin (Farmak, Kyiv, Ukraine) (iodine with dimethyl sulfoxide [DMSO]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 266 patients with primarily trophic ulcers caused by pancreatic diabetes and venous insufficiency of the lower extremities, carbuncles, phlegmons, infected third- or fourth-degree heat burns, and infiltrations of postoperative wounds...
May 25, 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
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