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Alyona Mazhnaya, Karin E Tobin, Jill Owczarzak
BACKGROUND: In Eastern Europe and Central Asia new HIV infections occur at a high rate among people who inject drugs (PWID). Injection risk behavior may be associated with injecting in public places. However, there is a lack of studies exploring this association in Ukraine, which has an HIV prevalence 21-42% among PWID. METHODS: Data came from a baseline survey of PWID recruited to participate in a behavioral HIV prevention intervention. The association between HIV/HCV injection risk behavior and place of injection (private vs...
June 8, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Wladimir Wertelecki, Lyubov Yevtushok, Illia Kuznietsov, Oleksandr Komov, Serhii Lapchenko, Diana Akhmedzanova, Lyubov Ostapchuk
Pregnant women residing in areas impacted by the Chornobyl ionizing radiation of the Rivne Province in Ukraine have persistent higher levels of incorporated cesium-137. In these areas the neural tube defects and microcephaly rates are significantly higher than in areas with lower maternal cesium-137 incorporated levels. In two Rivne counties with populations proximal to nuclear power plants the rates of neural tube defects and microcephaly are the highest in the province. The neural tube defects rates in Rivne are persistently among the highest in Europe...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Ya Kolesnik, T Zharkova, O Rzhevskaya, T Kvaratskheliya, O Sorokina
The article presents the results of our own studies to determine the criteria for the adverse variants of the course of infectious mononucleosis (IM) in children. The study was conducted in the regional children's infectious clinical hospital in Kharkov. 161 children aged three to fifteen years were under observation with diagnosis of infectious moninucleosis. Out of 161 ill children, 140 (86.9%) had moderate severity of disease, and 21 (13.1%) had severe forms. All children were prescribed standard clinical and laboratory-instrumental examinations...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
S Lekishvili, B Chayen, S Chayen
The aim of the study was to compare and research: the general prevalence of DM in the Sumy region compared with the prevalence of DM in the whole of Ukraine during the years 2011-2016; the prevalence of ocular complications of diabetes and their tendency to progress in Ukraine and Sumy region over this period; various demographical traits of the prevalence of ocular complications of diabetes and the dependence of prevalence of ocular complications of diabetes upon environmental causes and various socio-economic factors...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
Y Bazargaliyev, G Batyrova, D Zhamankulova, R Agzamova
Aim of research - to study the iodine supply of the region according to the degree of urinary iodine excretion in the West region of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Of 6493 schoolchildren participating in the study of the frequency of goiter, random sampling was applied to select 884 children to determine UIC. To establish the excretion of inorganic iodine in a single portion of urine in the field, express diagnostics, the "Iodine test" kits (manufactured in Ukraine), was applied. The collection of urine for the determination of UIC was carried out in disposable cups, hermetically sealed with stoppers to prevent the entry of iodine vapors into the test samples...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
V Boyko, S Savvi, A Korolevska, V Zhydetskyy, Y Novikov, S Bytiak, D Shuba
The research is based on the results of the examination and treatment of 156 patients who received treatment for extended benign esophageal strictures after corrosive injuries in the department of diseases of the esophagus and the gastrointestinal tract of the State Institution "V. T. Zaitsev Institute of General and Urgent Surgery of NAMS of Ukraine" for the period from 2000 to 2016. Surgical treatment by the developed in our hospital technique performed in the patients of the main group and the classical methods of surgery were used in the patients of comparison group...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
D Torumkuney, T Pertseva, E Bratus, A Dziublik, V Yachnyk, A Liskova, O Sopko, K Malynovska, I Morrissey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Ed Holt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Lancet HIV
Jamshed Dalal, J C Mohan, S S Iyengar, Jagdish Hiremath, Immaneni Sathyamurthy, Sandeep Bansal, Dhiman Kahali, Arup Dasbiswas
Calcium channel blockers are among the first-line drugs for treatment of hypertension (HTN). S-amlodipine (S-AM), an S-enantiomer of amlodipine, is available in India and in other countries like China, Korea, Russia, Ukraine, and Nepal. Being clinically researched for nearly two decades, we performed in-depth review of S-AM. This review discusses clinical evidence from total 42 studies (26 randomized controlled trials, 14 observational studies, and 2 meta-analyses) corroborating over 7400 patients treated with S-AM...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
Anatolii M Hrynzovskyi, Irina A Holovanova, Sergei T Omelchuk, Olena V Kuzminska, Anastasia A Hrynzovska, Olena O Karlova, Vitalii Ye Kondratiuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The public health system modernization history is based upon the progress in state country administration and administration of healthcare within the sectorwide approach. The WHO European Bureau pays much attention to the National Health Service systems development while implementing their basic policies. The Ukrainian state health service management was founded basing on the regulatory field of the Russian Empire, using the European healthcare promotion experience...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Tetiana M Kotelevska, Nataliia O Pryimenko, Galyna M Dubynska, Olena M Iziumska, Vadym A Bodnar
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Among the cases of biohelminthosis, which are registered in Ukraine, opisthorchiasis is the most common and constitutes the second largest centre in Europe. Due to the growth of migration processes and global tourism, opisthorchiasis is becoming increasingly relevant for the countries of the European Union and the United States. Under modern conditions, the clinical course of many infectious and parasitic diseases has changed. The aim: The present paper discusses and analyzes the cases of opisthorchiasis and hepatitis B virus which are challenging in terms of diagnostics and choice of treatment tactics...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Averian G Vasyliev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Out of all respiratory diseases COPD is the leading cause of death and is characterized with diffuse non-reversible airway obstruction. Many various components play role in development and progression of this disease, while COPD risk factors play the most prominent role. Further progress in healthcare system development around COPD in Ukraine requires analysis of legislation, regulating pulmonological medical service in Ukraine. The aim: To analyze the influence of major risk factors on the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and to determine key legislative aspects of the organization of medical care for COPD patients in Ukraine...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Lesia Lymar, Sergii Omelchuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is dedicated to the motives of medical career choice studied by Ukrainian and foreign scientists, and by the authors themselves. The authors define the main motives, grouped into the pragmatic, social, scientific and professional ones, paying particular attention to the proposed reforms of the Healthcare of Ukraine "Health 2020". The aim: The study has been aimed at detection of the medical career choice factor groups and their possible correction during the medical training, defining possible influence of the Ukrainian Healthcare reformation onto alterations of the medical career choice...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Mykhailo V Golubchykov, Nataliia M Orlova, Inna V Bielikova
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Implementation of new methods of information support of managerial decision-making should ensure of the effective health system reform and create conditions for improving the quality of operational management, reasonable planning of medical care and increasing the efficiency of the use of system resources. Reforming of Medical Statistics Service of Ukraine should be considered only in the context of the reform of the entire health system. The aim: This work is an analysis of the current situation and justification of the main directions of reforming of Medical Statistics Service of Ukraine...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Vitalii Pashkov, Larysa Udovyka, Hanna Dichko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The Ukrainian state has an urgent necessity of rapid search for essentially new legal and organizational forms of the healthcare system, reform of the legal regulation of healthcare services provision. In the context of European integration, the advancement of the medical industry reform is closely related to consideration of international standards and norms of health care. The aim: To study the impact of international medical law on the Ukrainian health care legislation...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Stanislav G Saksonov, Tetiana S Gruzeva, Oksana P Vitovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The effectiveness and efficiency of the medical sector workforce directly depend on health of medical professionals. Scientific literature pays considerable attention to the health of surgeons, physicians, obstetricians, gynecologists, infectionists and dentists paying very little, if any, attention to health problems of ophthalmologists. This study is intended to bridge this gap. The aim at revealing the current situation and characteristics of health status of ophthalmologists using the results of sociological research and identifying health problems of the respondents in order to determine reliable preventive measures...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Halina I Falfushynska, Lesya L Gnatyshyna, Anna V Ivanina, Inna M Sokolova, Oksana B Stoliar
Bivalve mollusks from the cooling reservoirs of fuel power plants (PP) are acclimated to the chronic heating and chemical pollution. We investigated stress responses of the mussels from these ponds to determine their tolerance to novel environmental pollutant, zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO). Male Unio tumidus from the reservoirs of Dobrotvir and Burschtyn PPs (DPP and BPP), Ukraine were exposed for 14 days to nZnO (3.1 μM), Zn2+ (3.1 μM) at 18 °C, elevated temperature (T, 25 °C), or nZnO at 25 °C (nZnO + T)...
February 2018: Chemosphere
Emily Dauria, Marina Tolou-Shams, Halyna Skipalska, Mariya Bachmaha, Sara Hodgdon
Purpose Ukraine has one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics globally. Due to their engagement in high-risk behaviors, adolescents and emerging adults involved with the penitentiary system are at a particularly high risk of HIV-acquisition. To address the epidemic, young males (aged 14 to 20 years) in penitentiary institutions across Ukraine participated in a ten-week, group-based HIV-prevention intervention (STEPS). The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach The authors analyzed clinical and programmatic services data collected as part of an evaluation of the STEPS intervention...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Prisoner Health
Piotr Romaniuk, Krzysztof Kaczmarek, Magdalena Syrkiewicz-Świtała, Tomasz Holecki, Adam R Szromek
The effectiveness of health systems is an area of constant interest for public health researchers and practitioners. The varied approach to effectiveness itself has resulted in numerous methodological proposals related to its measurement. The limitations of the currently used methods lead to a constant search for better tools for the assessment of health systems. This article shows the possibilities of using the health system synthetic outcome measure (SOM) for this purpose. It is an original tool using 41 indicators referring to the epidemiological situation, health behaviors, and factors related to the health-care system, which allows a relatively quick and easy assessment of the health system in terms of its effectiveness...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Viktor Burlaka, Yi Jin Kim, Jandel M Crutchfield, Teresa A Lefmann, Emma S Kay
Objective: To (a) estimate the level of child internalizing problems in a sample of Ukrainian school-age children and (b) examine the relationships between child internalizing psychopathology and parenting practices, depression, alcohol use, and sociodemographics. Background: Most research on child internalizing behaviors has used samples from high-income countries, but there is a lack of information about children's behaviors and associated risk and protective factors from low- and middle-income countries such as Ukraine...
December 2017: Family Relations
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