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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923669/emergence-of-tick-borne-pathogens-borrelia-burgdorferi-sensu-lato-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-ricketsia-raoultii-and-babesia-microti-in-the-kyiv-urban-parks-ukraine
#1
Yuliya M Didyk, Lucia Blaňárová, Svyatoslav Pogrebnyak, Igor Akimov, Branislav Peťko, Bronislava Víchová
To date, only limited data about the presence of ticks and circulation of tick-borne pathogens in urban parks of Kyiv in northern Ukraine are available. In total, 767 ticks (696 Ixodes ricinus and 69 Dermacentor reticulatus) collected in seven urban parks and one suburban oak wood park in Kyiv were individually analyzed by the PCR assays. Tick-borne pathogens, namely spirochetes from Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Babesia microti, were detected in 11.1% of tested I. ricinus ticks...
October 11, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917369/management-of-multiple-myeloma-and-usage-of-bortezomib-perspective-from-india-and-ukraine
#2
Amit Garg, Mykhaylo Morgunskyy, Yogesh Belagali, Namita Gupta, Shyam Prasad Akku
Novel treatment strategies have remarkably improved the multiple myeloma (MM) patients' survival, with associated increased costs. A joint panel meet of international experts from India and Ukraine was held in New Delhi on May 19, 2016 focusing on MM management, bortezomib role, unmet medical needs, and current challenges. The health-care system for oncology in India is majorly private vs. government-based in Ukraine. In India, electrophoresis, serum-free light chain assays, bone marrow tests, and X-rays are available modes of diagnosis...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917177/progress-on-optimizing-miscanthus-biomass-production-for-the-european-bioeconomy-results-of-the-eu-fp7-project-optimisc
#3
Iris Lewandowski, John Clifton-Brown, Luisa M Trindade, Gerard C van der Linden, Kai-Uwe Schwarz, Karl Müller-Sämann, Alexander Anisimov, C-L Chen, Oene Dolstra, Iain S Donnison, Kerrie Farrar, Simon Fonteyne, Graham Harding, Astley Hastings, Laurie M Huxley, Yasir Iqbal, Nikolay Khokhlov, Andreas Kiesel, Peter Lootens, Heike Meyer, Michal Mos, Hilde Muylle, Chris Nunn, Mensure Özgüven, Isabel Roldán-Ruiz, Heinrich Schüle, Ivan Tarakanov, Tim van der Weijde, Moritz Wagner, Qingguo Xi, Olena Kalinina
This paper describes the complete findings of the EU-funded research project OPTIMISC, which investigated methods to optimize the production and use of miscanthus biomass. Miscanthus bioenergy and bioproduct chains were investigated by trialing 15 diverse germplasm types in a range of climatic and soil environments across central Europe, Ukraine, Russia, and China. The abiotic stress tolerances of a wider panel of 100 germplasm types to drought, salinity, and low temperatures were measured in the laboratory and a field trial in Belgium...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883195/the-use-of-cardiac-orienting-responses-as-an-early-and-scalable-biomarker-of-alcohol-related-neurodevelopmental-impairment
#4
Diego A Mesa, Julie A Kable, Claire D Coles, Kenneth Lyons Jones, Lyubov Yevtushok, Yaroslav Kulikovsky, Wladimir Wertelecki, Todd P Coleman, Christina D Chambers
BACKGROUND: Considered the leading cause of developmental disabilities worldwide, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are a global health problem. To take advantage of neural plasticity, early identification of affected infants is critical. The cardiac orienting response (COR) has been shown to be sensitive to the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure and is an inexpensive, easy to administer assessment tool. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the COR effectiveness in assessing individual risk of developmental delay...
November 24, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828986/plasma-mirna-profiles-in-pregnant-women-predict-infant-outcomes-following-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#5
Sridevi Balaraman, Jordan J Schafer, Alexander M Tseng, Wladimir Wertelecki, Lyubov Yevtushok, Natalya Zymak-Zakutnya, Christina D Chambers, Rajesh C Miranda
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are difficult to diagnose since many heavily exposed infants, at risk for intellectual disability, do not exhibit craniofacial dysmorphology or growth deficits. Consequently, there is a need for biomarkers that predict disability. In both animal models and human studies, alcohol exposure during pregnancy resulted in significant alterations in circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in maternal blood. In the current study, we asked if changes in plasma miRNAs in alcohol-exposed pregnant mothers, either alone or in conjunction with other clinical variables, could predict infant outcomes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824626/reducing-hiv-infection-in-people-who-inject-drugs-is-impossible-without-targeting-recently-infected-subjects
#6
Tetyana I Vasylyeva, Samuel R Friedman, Jose Lourenco, Sunetra Gupta, Angelos Hatzakis, Oliver G Pybus, Aris Katzourakis, Pavlo Smyrnov, Timokratis Karamitros, Dimitrios Paraskevis, Gkikas Magiorkinis
OBJECTIVE: Although our understanding of viral transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID) has improved, we still know little about when and how many times each injector transmits HIV throughout the duration of infection. We describe HIV dynamics in PWID to evaluate which preventive strategies can be efficient. DESIGN: Due to the notably scarce interventions, HIV-1 spread explosively in Russia and Ukraine in 1990s. By studying this epidemic between 1995 and 2005, we characterized naturally occurring transmission dynamics of HIV among PWID...
November 28, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817753/spearman-s-hypothesis-tested-comparing-saudi-arabian-children-and-adolescents-with-various-other-groups-of-children-and-adolescents-on-the-items-of-the-standard-progressive-matrices
#7
Jan Te NijenhuiS, Adel A Batterjee, Michael Van Den Hoek, Jüri Allik, Vladimir Sukhanovskiy
Spearman's hypothesis tested at the level of items states that differences between ethnic groups on the items of an IQ test are a function of the g loadings of these items, such that there are small differences between ethnic groups on items with low g loadings and large differences between ethnic groups on items with high g loadings; this has been confirmed in a limited number of studies. In this paper, Spearman's hypothesis was tested, comparing a group of Saudi children and adolescents (N=3209) with other groups of children and adolescents from Denmark, Cyprus, Croatia, Bosnia, South Africa, Estonia, Ukraine, Ireland, Russia and Chile (total N=9333)...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811649/limnebius-limnebius-agnieszkae-sp-n-from-the-crimean-peninsula-coleoptera-hydraenidae
#8
Marek Przewoźny, Czesław Greń, Manfred A Jäch
Limnebius (s.str.) agnieszkae sp. n. from the Crimean Peninsula (Ukraine) is described. It is a member of the Limnebius furcatus subgroup of the L. parvulus species group. The new species is very similar to L. stagnalis Guillebeau, 1890, from which it can be distinguished by the aedeagus only. Information about its habitat and a list of other water beetles found together with the new species are provided. Limnebius myrmidon Rey, 1883 is recorded for the first time from the Ukraine.
November 3, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807615/the-role-of-religious-advisors-in-mental-health-care-in-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#9
Vivianne Kovess-Masfety, Sara Evans-Lacko, David Williams, Laura Helena Andrade, Corina Benjet, Margreet Ten Have, Klaas Wardenaar, Elie G Karam, Ronny Bruffaerts, Jibril Abdumalik, Josep Maria Haro Abad, Silvia Florescu, Benjamin Wu, Peter De Jonge, Yasmina Altwaijri, Hristo Hinkov, Norito Kawakami, Jose Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida, Evelyn Bromet, Giovanni de Girolamo, José Posada-Villa, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Yueqin Huang, Chiyi Hu, Maria Carmen Viana, John Fayyad, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Koen Demyttenaere, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Samuel Murphy, Miguel Xavier, Tadashi Takeshima, Oye Gureje
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of religious advisors in mental health care (MHC) according to disorder severity, socio-demographics, religious involvement and country income groups. METHODS: Face to face household surveys in ten high income (HI), six upper-middle income (UMI) and five low/lower-middle (LLMI) income countries totalling 101,258 adults interviewed with the WMH CIDI plus questions on use of care for mental health problems and religiosity. RESULTS: 1...
November 2, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796965/risk-communication-strategies-lessons-learned-from-previous-disasters-with-a-focus-on-the-fukushima-radiation-accident
#10
REVIEW
Erik R Svendsen, Ichiro Yamaguchi, Toshihide Tsuda, Jean Remy Davee Guimaraes, Martin Tondel
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: It has been difficult to both mitigate the health consequences and effectively provide health risk information to the public affected by the Fukushima radiological disaster. Often, there are contrasting public health ethics within these activities which complicate risk communication. Although no risk communication strategy is perfect in such disasters, the ethical principles of risk communication provide good practical guidance. FINDINGS: These discussions will be made in the context of similar lessons learned after radiation exposures in Goiania, Brazil, in 1987; the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident, Ukraine, in 1986; and the attack at the World Trade Center, New York, USA, in 2001...
December 2016: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788439/does-chernobyl-derived-radiation-impact-the-developmental-stability-of-asellus-aquaticus-30years-on
#11
Neil Fuller, Jim T Smith, Liubov L Nagorskaya, Dmitri I Gudkov, Alex T Ford
Effects of long-term, environmentally relevant doses of radiation on biota remain unclear due to a lack of studies following chronic exposure in contaminated environments. The 1986 Chernobyl accident dispersed vast amounts of radioactivity into the environment which persists to date. Despite three decades of research, impacts of the incident on non-human organisms continues to be contested within the scientific literature. The present study assessed the impact of chronic radiation exposure from Chernobyl on the developmental stability of the model aquatic isopod, Asellus aquaticus using fluctuating asymmetry (FA) as an indicator...
October 24, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787924/does-one-model-fit-all-patterns-of-beech-mortality-in-natural-forests-of-three-european-regions
#12
Lisa Hülsmann, Harald K M Bugmann, Brigitte Commarmot, Peter Meyer, Stephan Zimmermann, Peter Brang
Large uncertainties characterize forest development under global climate change. Although recent studies have found widespread increased tree mortality, the patterns and processes associated with tree death remain poorly understood, thus restricting accurate mortality predictions. Yet, projections of future forest dynamics depend critically on robust mortality models, preferably based on empirical data rather than theoretical, not well-constrained assumptions. We developed parsimonious mortality models for individual beech (Fagus sylvatica L...
December 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787208/prevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-neospora-caninum-in-red-foxes-in-slovakia
#13
Katarína Reiterová, Silvia Špilovská, Andrea Čobádiová, Zuzana Hurníková
Sera or meat juices of 177 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) originated from the localities of a human-influenced landscape (Group 1) and 126 foxes from the protected mountain region (Group 2) of Slovakia, collected during 2010-2014 were tested for the presence of antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii using indirect ELISA and Neospora caninum by competitive ELISA. The tissue and uncoagulated blood samples were examined for the presence of the parasite's DNA. The total seropositivity to T. gondii was 62.7% (190/303) and to N...
December 1, 2016: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771333/ixodid-ticks-in-the-megapolis-of-kyiv-ukraine
#14
Artem S Rogovskyy, Igor V Nebogatkin, Glen A Scoles
The Ixodidae include the most common tick species encountered in Europe. The ticks transmit a variety of bacterial and protozoan agents of medical and veterinary significance. The aim of the current work was to investigate distribution of Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulatus ticks in Kyiv, the largest and most densely populated megapolis of Ukraine. Ticks were collected at various recreational areas by flagging during May, the month that showed the highest tick abundance in the past. Sex distribution among I...
January 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770535/conflict-in-eastern-ukraine-strategy-for-tuberculosis
#15
T Kuchuloria, T Akhvlediani, N Akhvlediani
This root cause analysis concerns the conflict in the Eastern Ukraine and its impact on healthcare delivery in the context of treating internally displaced persons (IDPs). Inadequate treatment of tuberculosis (TB) was selected as a major topic for intervention planning in conflict areas in Ukraine. With respect to treating TB among IDPs, rapid diagnosis and adequate nutrition and shelter are important components of care and disease control. The DOT, supported by trained primary healthcare providers equipped with rapid MDR TB diagnostic capacities, need to provide appropriate shelter and nutrition to IDPs...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766374/trends-in-external-causes-of-child-and-adolescent-mortality-in-poland-1999-2012
#16
Aneta Grajda, Zbigniew Kułaga, Beata Gurzkowska, Magdalena Góźdź, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Mieczysław Litwin
OBJECTIVES: To examine the pattern and trend of deaths due to external causes among Polish children and adolescents in 1999-2012, and to compare trends in Poland's neighboring countries. METHODS: Death records were obtained from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. External causes mortality rates (MR) with 95 % confidence interval were calculated. The annual percentage change of MR was examined using linear regression. To compare MR with Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Germany, data from the European Mortality Database were used...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717940/sociological-research-on-the-population-awareness-regarding-ophthalmological-care-in-ukraine
#17
Tetiana V Ieremeieva
INTRODUCTION: nowadays, there are about 45 million blind individuals and, according to the prognosis, their quantity will reach over 76 million in 2020. In such a way, nowadays ophthalmological problems become more widespread, and the market of the ophthalmological services is not studied enough to understand all the tendencies and processes. AIM: was to study the patients' awareness on eye diseases and choice peculiarities of the information sources and medical institutions among various population age groups of Lutsk, Rivne and Ternopil cities...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717934/-definitions-destruction-of-endothelial-cells-as-a-marker-of-endothelial-dysfunction-in-aging-men
#18
Ганна Л Пустовойт, Тетяна І Ярмола, Олександр В Мохначов, Лідія А Ткаченко, Сергій М Супруненко
INTRODUCTION: Ukraine occupies the 143 place in the world in life expectancy and the first place in terms of mortality. The main cause of death - cardiovascular diseases - 58%. Recent studies show the important and independent role of endothelium in the development of cardiovascular disease. THE AIM: examination of the endothelium destruction in aging men by determining the level of surface specific antigens of endothelial microparticles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 88 men age from 45 to 76 years...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717926/-ukrainian-experience-of-health-care-for-patients-with-diabetes
#19
Лариса Ф Матюха, Тетяна А Титова, Тетяна М Бухановська, Богдан О Смаль
INTRODUCTION: diabetes mellitus is among the main challenges in the establishment of an effective health care system. A significant prevalence of disease and, consequently, a large number of complications, caused by it, provokes a constant searching for new measures and means for the struggle. In Ukraine, as in other countries, among methods of such a struggle is to standardize medical care. AIM: explore the state of health care for patients with diabetes in Ukraine...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714524/evolution-of-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-aids-response-in-ukraine-laying-the-groundwork-for-evidence-based-health-care
#20
Kostyantyn Dumchev, Olga Varetska, Ihor Kuzin
Once facing the most severe HIV epidemic in Eastern Europe, Ukraine has built an elaborate Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system to track the response to AIDS. This system was developed using recommendations and input from multiple international expert organizations and donors and, at the current stage, serves as a best practice model in many areas. The present paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the evolution of the M&E system in Ukraine since its inception. Notable achievements and challenges are described and illustrated by epidemiological data and the recommendations for future development are discussed...
October 6, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
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