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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818732/family-factors-and-parenting-in-ukraine
#1
Viktor Burlaka, Sandra A Graham-Bermann, Jorge Delva
The present study aimed to estimate the use of positive and negative parenting practices in Ukraine and explore relationships between parenting practices, intimate partner violence (IPV), alcohol use, and sociodemographics. Parents of children (N=320) ages 9-16 from three Ukrainian regions answered questions from the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ), the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS-R), Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES), and the Alcohol Use Section of the Drinking and Drug History and Current Use Patterns questionnaire...
August 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814231/hiv-type-1-integrase-natural-polymorphisms-in-viral-variants-circulating-in-fsu-countries
#2
Ilya Lapovok, Vita Laga, Elena Kazennova, Marina Bobkova
BACKGROUND: Natural variability of integrase (IN) across HIV-1 variants may influence the emergence of resistant viruses. The most apparent explanation of these fact is the IN polymorphism and the associated differences in codon usage, which, in turn, influence the probability and the terms of DRMs acquisition. Possible mechanisms by which polymorphisms affect DRMs emergence remain disputed and should still be clarified because these substitutions may be associated with a reduced activity of some INSTIs and may impact on ART regimen choice depending of HIV-1 subtype...
August 15, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812283/hydrodynamic-rupture-of-liver-in-combat-patient-a-case-of-successful-application-of-damage-control-tactic-in-area-of-the-hybrid-war-in-east-ukraine
#3
Igor Khomenko, Vitalii Shapovalov, Ievgen Tsema, Georgii Makarov, Roman Palytsia, Ievgen Zavodovskyi, Ivan Ishchenko, Andrii Dinets, Vladimir Mishalov
BACKGROUND: The hybrid war of Russia against Ukraine has been started in certain districts of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts within the Donbas area in 2014. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a clinical case of a combat patient who was injured after the multiple launcher rocket system "Grad" shelling, diagnosed with hydrodynamic liver rupture followed by medical management with application of damage control (DC) tactic in conditions of hybrid war. The patient underwent relaparatomy, liver resection, endoscopic papillosphincterotomy, endoscopic retrograde cholecystopancreatography, stenting of the common bile duct, and VAC-therapy...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811159/implementing-and-scaling-up-hcv-treatment-services-for-people-who-inject-drugs-and-other-high-risk-groups-in-ukraine-an-evaluation-of-programmatic-and-treatment-outcomes
#4
Alyona Mazhnaya, Anna Meteliuk, Tetiana Barnard, Alexei Zelenev, Sergii Filippovych, Frederick L Alticec
BACKGROUND: HCV prevalence estimates among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Ukraine is high (60-90%), yet barriers to HCV treatment and care remain substantial including limited access to direct acting antiviral (DAA) medications. A feasibility scale-up project implemented HCV treatment in community-based settings to improve access to DAA treatment for key populations in this context. METHODS: Using program-level data and verified medical records, we describe the development, implementation processes and outcomes for HCV treatment for PWID and other risks groups...
August 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#5
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806638/patient-preferences-and-extended-release-naltrexone-a-new-opportunity-to-treat-opioid-use-disorders-in-ukraine
#6
Ruthanne Marcus, Iuliia Makarenko, Alyona Mazhnaya, Alexei Zelenev, Maxim Polonsky, Lynn Madden, Sergii Filippovych, Sergii Dvoriak, Sandra A Springer, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Scaling up HIV prevention for people who inject drugs (PWID) using opioid agonist therapies (OAT) in Ukraine has been restricted by individual and structural factors. Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX), however, provides new opportunities for treating opioid use disorders (OUDs) in this region, where both HIV incidence and mortality continue to increase. METHODS: Survey results from 1613 randomly selected PWID from 5 regions in Ukraine who were currently, previously or never on OAT were analyzed for their preference of pharmacological therapies for treating OUDs...
August 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801383/long-term-outcomes-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-countries-with-different-socioeconomic-environments-an-international-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Judith Kämpfer, Andriy Yagensky, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Stephan Windecker, Bernhard Meier, Mykhailo Pavelko, Iryna Sichkaruk, Piotr Kasprzyk, Marzin Gruchala, Mikael Giacomini, Lukas Räber, Hugo Saner
BACKGROUND: Hospital-based data on the impact of socioeconomic environment on long-term survival after myocardial infarction (MI) are lacking. We compared outcome and quality of secondary prevention in patients after MI living in three different socioeconomic environments including patients from three tertiary-care teaching hospitals with similar service population size in Switzerland, Poland and Ukraine. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of patients with a first MI in three different tertiary-care teaching hospitals in Bern (Switzerland), Gdansk (Poland) and Lutsk (Ukraine) during the acute phase in the year 2010 and follow-up of these patients with a questionnaire and, if necessary, telephone interviews 3...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801000/palliative-care-development-in-ukraine
#8
Victoria Tymoshevska, Kseniya Shapoval-Deinega
There are approximately 1 million cancer patients in Ukraine and 90,000 cancer deaths a year, 35% of these are diagnosed in the late stage of disease. Ukraine has the most severe HIV epidemic in the region with more than 200,000 persons living with HIV/AIDS and 6000-10000 deaths annually. The morphine consumption rate is among the lowest in the. The first palliative care services were established in 1996 and the number has slowly increased with services provided in inpatient units, home and day care programs and by a range of health care providers...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800420/retention-in-medication-assisted-treatment-programs-in-ukraine-identifying-factors-contributing-to-a-continuing-hiv-epidemic
#9
Kostyantyn Dumchev, Sergii Dvoryak, Olena Chernova, Olga Morozova, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Opioid agonist treatments (OAT) are widely-used, evidence-based strategies for treating opioid dependence and reducing HIV transmission. The positive benefits of OAT are strongly correlated with time spent in treatment, making retention a key indicator for program quality. This study assessed patient retention and associated factors in Ukraine, where OAT was first introduced in 2004. METHODS: Data from clinical records of 2916 patients enrolled in OAT at thirteen sites from 2005 to 2012 were entered into an electronic monitoring system...
August 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794343/comparative-histopathological-analysis-of-sporadic-pediatric-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-from-japan-and-ukraine
#10
Tetiana I Bogdanova, Vladimir A Saenko, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Masahiro Ito, Liudmyla Yu Zurnadzhy, Toshitetsu Hayashi, Tatiana I Rogounovitch, Akira Miyauchi, Mykola D Tronko, Shunichi Yamashita
This study set out to compare structural and invasive characteristics of sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in age-matched groups of children and adolescents of Japan and Ukraine to provide detailed histopathological analysis of tumors from different geographical areas with different iodine intake. A total of 348 (160 Japanese and 188 Ukrainian) PTCs from patients without radiation history were analyzed initially as a combined pediatric group and then subdivided into childhood (aged ≤14 years) and adolescent (aged from 15 to ≤18 years) age series...
August 10, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771077/the-changing-face-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-western-ukraine
#11
Divya Dethier, Natasha Rybak, Priya Hirway, Mariya Bachmaha, Jennifer Carroll, Andriy Sorokolit, Timothy Flanigan, Maryana Sluzhynska
Ukraine has the second largest HIV epidemic in Eastern Europe/Central Asia. This study characterizes the demographics of HIV-infected women in the Lviv region of western Ukraine, patterns in their clinical presentation, and factors associated with delays in seeking care. A retrospective chart review was conducted of 622 HIV-infected women who registered for HIV treatment at the Lviv AIDS Center between 2008 and 2013. A total of 81.6% of women were infected through heterosexual transmission and the remaining 18...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769711/description-of-the-immature-stages-of-larinus-vulpes-and-notes-on-its-biology-coleoptera-curculionidae-lixinae
#12
Jiří Skuhrovec, Semyon Volovnik, Rafał Gosik
Mature larva and pupa of Larinus vulpes (Olivier, 1807) (Curculionidae: Lixinae: Lixini) are morphologically described for the first time and compared with known larvae and pupae of other Larinus species. Very high counts of larval body setae (pronotum with more than 25 setae and postdorsum on meso- and metathorax and also on abdominal segments I-VII with more than 12 setae) are characteristic features of the nominotypical subgenus Larinus. The biology of the species was studied in Ukraine. Echinops ruthenicus and E...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769697/species-delimitation-of-the-hyphydrus-ovatus-complex-in-western-palaearctic-with-an-update-of-species-distributions-coleoptera-dytiscidae
#13
Johannes Bergsten, Elisabeth Weingartner, Jiří Hájek
The species status of Hyphydrus anatolicus Guignot, 1957 and H. sanctus Sharp, 1882, previously often confused with the widespread H. ovatus (Linnaeus, 1760), are tested with molecular and morphological characters. Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) was sequenced for 32 specimens of all three species. Gene-trees were inferred with parsimony, time-free bayesian and strict clock bayesian analyses. The GMYC model was used to estimate species limits. All three species were reciprocally monophyletic with CO1 and highly supported...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766493/evaluation-of-the-safety-and-immunogenicity-of-subcutaneous-hx575-epoetin-alfa-in-the-treatment-of-anemia-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-predialysis-and-dialysis-patients%C3%A2
#14
Nicole Casadevall, Vladimir Dobronravov, Kai-Uwe Eckardt, Sehsuvar Ertürk, Liliya Martynyuk, Susanne Schmitt, Gregor Schaffar, Anita Rudy, Andriy Krendyukov, Marité Ode
AIM: To assess the safety and immunogenicity of subcutaneous (SC) HX575 (epoetin-α) in dialysis- and nondialysis-dependent adult patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: Open-label, single-arm, multicenter study in patients (n = 416) from Germany, Italy, Poland, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine. RESULTS: Mean (standard deviation (SD)) age was 52.3 (15.8) years, all patients were Caucasian, and similar proportions were male/female...
August 2, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751028/toxic-metals-biomonitoring-based-on-prey-predator-interactions-and-environmental-forensics-techniques-a-study-at-the-romanian-ukraine-cross-border-of-the-black-sea
#15
Stefan-Adrian Strungaru, Mircea Nicoara, Carmen Teodosiu, Dragos Micu, Gabriel Plavan
Marine cross-border areas are ideal for monitoring pollutants so as to increase ecosystems protection. This study was conducted at the Romanian-Ukraine border of the Black Sea to reveal evidence of contamination with toxic metals based on biomonitoring of: cadmium, lead, total chromium, nickel and copper at different water depths and prey-predator interactions, combined with environmental forensics techniques of biological sampling and separation in witnesses size groups. The species used were Mytilus galloprovincialis L...
July 25, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747237/mental-health-care-utilisation-among-internally-displaced-persons-in-ukraine-results-from-a-nation-wide-survey
#16
B Roberts, N Makhashvili, J Javakhishvili, A Karachevskyy, N Kharchenko, M Shpiker, E Richardson
Aims There are an estimated 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ukraine because of the armed conflict in the east of the country. The aim of this paper is to examine utilisation patterns of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) care among IDPs in Ukraine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. Data were collected from 2203 adult IDPs throughout Ukraine between March and May 2016. Data on mental health care utilisation were collected, along with outcomes including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745594/the-hiv-response-in-ukraine-at-a-crossroads
#17
Andrew Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730179/causal-neuro-immune-relationships-at-patients-with-chronic-pyelonephritis-and-cholecystitis-correlations-between-parameters-eeg-hrv-and-white-blood-cell-count
#18
Andriy B Kul'chyns'kyi, Valeriy M Kyjenko, Walery Zukow, Igor L Popovych
We aim to analyze in bounds KJ Tracey's immunological homunculus conception the relationships between parameters of electroencephalogram (EEG) and heart rate variability (HRV), on the one hand, and the parameters of bhite blood cell count, on the other hand. METHODS: In basal conditions in 23 men, patients with chronic pyelonephritis and cholecystitis in remission, recorded EEG ("NeuroCom Standard", KhAI Medica, Ukraine) and HRV ("Cardiolab+VSR", KhAI Medica, Ukraine). In portion of blood counted up white blood cell count...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713395/economic-and-environmental-assessment-of-seed-and-rhizome-propagated-miscanthus-in-the-uk
#19
Astley Hastings, Michal Mos, Jalil A Yesufu, Jon McCalmont, Kai Schwarz, Reza Shafei, Chris Ashman, Chris Nunn, Heinrich Schuele, Salvatore Cosentino, Giovanni Scalici, Danilo Scordia, Moritz Wagner, John Clifton-Brown
Growth in planted areas of Miscanthus for biomass in Europe has stagnated since 2010 due to technical challenges, economic barriers and environmental concerns. These limitations need to be overcome before biomass production from Miscanthus can expand to several million hectares. In this paper, we consider the economic and environmental effects of introducing seed based hybrids as an alternative to clonal M. x giganteus (Mxg). The impact of seed based propagation and novel agronomy was compared with current Mxg cultivation and used in 10 commercially relevant, field scale experiments planted between 2012 and 2014 in the United Kingdom, Germany, and Ukraine...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713096/the-directions-of-development-of-legal-regulation-of-patenting-the-methods-of-treatment-in-ukraine-considering-the-european-and-world-experience
#20
Vitalii Pashkov, Yevhen Hrekov, Maryna Hrekova
INTRODUCTION: the current state of patenting legal regulation of medical treatment in Ukraine and in the world is analyzed, the directions for the further development are determined. The author defines "non-industrial medical" and socio-ethical theories in the field of medical treatment patent protection. The existence of exclusively formal "monopoly" of the patent owner is noted, as well as the inapplicability of the majority of the patented achievements in this field in Ukraine. AIM: the purpose of this article is to investigate the current state of patenting legal regulation of medical treatment in Ukraine and in the world, to analyze the limitation of patent protection basic conception in the medical field and to determine the tendencies and perspectives of the legal protection mechanism of further development in this field in Ukraine, considering the European and world regulation experience...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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