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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532414/association-between-body-mass-index-and-firmicutes-bacteroidetes-ratio-in-an-adult-ukrainian-population
#1
Alexander Koliada, Ganna Syzenko, Vladislav Moseiko, Liudmyla Budovska, Kostiantyn Puchkov, Vyacheslav Perederiy, Yuriy Gavalko, Andriy Dorofeyev, Maryana Romanenko, Sergiy Tkach, Lyudmila Sineok, Oleh Lushchak, Alexander Vaiserman
BACKGROUND: Metagenomic studies confirm that obesity is associated with a composition of gut microbiota. There are some controversies, however, about the composition of gut microbial communities in obese individuals in different populations. To examine the association between body mass index and microbiota composition in Ukrainian population, fecal concentrations of Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio were analyzed in 61 adult individuals...
May 22, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528761/responding-to-a-cvdpv1-outbreak-in-ukraine-implications-challenges-and-opportunities
#2
Nino Khetsuriani, Ihor Perehinets, Dorit Nitzan, Dragoslav Popovic, Thomas Moran, Vusala Allahverdiyeva, Shahin Huseynov, Eugene Gavrilin, Liudmyla Slobodianyk, Olha Izhyk, Anna Sukhodolska, Sahar Hegazi, Katerina Bulavinova, Sergei Platov, Patrick O'Connor
BACKGROUND: The European Region, certified polio-free in 2002, remains at risk of wild poliovirus reintroduction and emergence of circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPV) until global polio eradication is achieved, as demonstrated by the cVDPV1 outbreak in Ukraine in 2015. METHODS: We reviewed epidemiologic, clinical and virology data on cVDPV cases, surveillance and immunization coverage data, and reports of outbreak-related surveys, country missions, and expert group meetings...
May 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525311/telerehabilitation-of-patients-with-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities
#3
Andriy I Tsvyakh, Andriy J Hospodarskyy
INTRODUCTION: Timely access to orthopedic rehabilitation is an important problem for the Ukrainian healthcare system. The international orthopedic community aims to achieve the best possible outcome for patient care by modifying rehabilitation methods and using telemedicine technology. The theme of this article is to discuss the integration of telemedicine technology in the rehabilitation of patients with injuries of the lower extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients were recruited over a 2-year period...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512634/user-experience-analysis-of-e-tb-manager-a-nationwide-electronic-tuberculosis-recording-and-reporting-system-in-ukraine
#4
Niranjan Konduri, Kelly Sawyer, Nataliya Nizova
Ukraine has successfully implemented e-TB Manager nationwide as its mandatory national tuberculosis registry after first introducing it in 2009. Our objective was to perform an end-of-programme evaluation after formal handover of the registry administration to Ukraine's Centre for Disease Control in 2015. We conducted a nationwide, cross-sectional, anonymous, 18-point user experience survey, and stratified the registry's transaction statistics to demonstrate usability. Contrary to initial implementation experience, older users (aged >50 years), often with limited or no computer proficiency prior to using the registry, had significantly better user experience scores for at least six of the 12 measures compared to younger users (aged 18-29 years)...
April 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511164/changes-of-lipidic-and-the-immunological-state-at-patients-with-a-metabolic-syndrome-in-ukraine
#5
Olena O Karlova, Sergei T Omelchuk, Olena V Kuzminska, Valentyna V Melnyk
INTRODUCTION: The metabolic syndrome has become pandemic nature and tends to rejuvenation in the world. Elucidation of the pathogenic mechanisms on membrane-cell level will optimize the treatment of patients with metabolic syndrome and prevention of metabolic syndrome on the level of pre-clinical manifestations. AIM: to study the immunological status and lipid metabolism in the patients with metabolic syndrome and the pathogenetic mechanisms of metabolic syndrome were established...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511157/-conceptual-approaches-to-improve-the-system-of-preventive-medical-examinations-of-the-adult-population
#6
Олег Л Зюков, Володимир А Гандзюк, Наталія Ю Кондратюк
INTRODUCTION: Health indicators Ukraine's adult population over the last decade still too high for both countries of the European Community. Features direction of preventive health system of Ukraine, currently used extremely limited. Existing approaches to planning and carrying out preventive medical examinations in our country are outdated and are formal, so improving the existing system of preventive medical examinations of the adult population is necessary and timely. AIM: To prove scientifically conceptual approaches to improving the planning and implementation of preventive medical examinations of adults through functional and structural changes...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511154/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-epidemiological-aspects-among-the-population-of-ukraine
#7
Оlena О Оshyvalova, Oleg L Ziukov
INTRODUCTION: In the structure of malignant skin neoplasms, the tumours of epithelial origin take the first place, among them the prevalence of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is about 20%. The aim of the work involves the analysis of cSCC epidemiological features among the contingent of the State Scientific Institution "Scientific and Practical Centre of Preventive and Clinical Medicine" of the State Administration (SIS) over 2005-2014 (Ukraine, Kyiv). MATERIAL AND METHODS: For retrospective epidemiological analysis there was used identifying information of patients with cSCC of the contingent of SIS over 2005-2014 in comparison with the data on patients with cSCC of Kyiv city and Kyiv region over the same period of time...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511153/-morbidity-rate-of-obesity-in-children-in-ukraine-overweight-as-noncontagious-disease-risk-factor
#8
Ірина Е Заболотна
INTRODUCTION: The upsurge of prevalence rate of obesity and overweight that in the majority of cases traces back to childhood is a risk factor of the most common noncontagious diseases in adults. THE AIM: The aim was to analyze prevalence of obesity in children in Ukraine and to conduct the pilot study of medical condition of overweight children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Official state statistics of prevalence rate of obesity in kids and screening data of anthropometric characteristics, arterial tension levels, physical performance decrement and medical condition of children (boys - 50, girls - 90, average age - 15,1±0,1 years) was used in research...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511151/peripheral-arteriovenous-fistula-as-vascular-access-for-long-term-chemotherapy
#9
Oleksiy O Kovalyov, Oleksandr G Kostyuk, Tetyana V Tkachuk
INTRODUCTION: To provide long-term vascular access in clinical oncology peripheral forearm veins (up to 95% of patients in Ukraine), central venous access and "complete implanted vascular systems" are used most often. Many oncology patients have contraindications to catheterization of superior vena cava. Besides, exploitation of central veins is associated with potential technical and infectious complications. The aim - to study short-term and long-term results of arteriovenous fistula exploitation as vascular access for continuous anticancer therapy...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505591/factors-associated-with-serum-thyroglobulin-in-a-ukrainian-cohort-exposed-to-iodine-131-from-the-accident-at-the-chernobyl-nuclear-plant
#10
Kamau O Peters, Mykola Tronko, Maureen Hatch, Valeriy Oliynyk, Galyna Terekhova, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Victor M Shpak, Robert J McConnell, Vladimir Drozdovitch, Mark P Little, Lydia B Zablotska, Kiyohiko Mabuchi, Alina V Brenner, Elizabeth K Cahoon
BACKGROUND: Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) is associated with the presence of thyroid disease and has been proposed as a biomarker of iodine status. Few studies have examined factors related to serum Tg in populations environmentally exposed to ionizing radiation and living in regions with endemic mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency. METHODS: We screened 10,430 individuals who were living in Ukraine and under 18 years of age at the time of the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident for thyroid disease from 2001 to 2003...
May 12, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495339/user-experience-analysis-of-an-ehealth-system-for-tuberculosis-in-resource-constrained-settings-a-nine-country-comparison
#11
Niranjan Konduri, L Gustavo V Bastos, Kelly Sawyer, L Fernando A Reciolino
BACKGROUND: e-TB Manager, a web-based eHealth system has been successfully institutionalized in 10 resource-constrained countries that account for one-third of the world's tuberculosis (TB) burden, but user experience has never been evaluated. METHODS: A cross-sectional, anonymous survey in eight unique languages based on the targeted countries. e-TB Manager users included nurses, doctors, pharmacists, statisticians/data officers, laboratory professionals/assistants, health workers, and administrators...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493051/erratum-to-genetic-analysis-of-four-european-huchen-hucho-hucho-linnaeus-1758-broodstocks-from-poland-germany-slovakia-and-ukraine-implication-for-conservation
#12
M Kucinski, D Fopp-Bayat, T Liszewski, V W Svinger, I Lebeda, R Kolman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491046/-the-more-we-stand-for-the-more-we-fight-for-compatibility-and-legitimacy-in-the-effects-of-multiple-social-identities
#13
Maria Chayinska, Anca Minescu, Craig McGarty
This paper explores the expression of multiple social identities through coordinated collective action. We propose that perceived compatibility between potentially contrasting identities and perceived legitimacy of protest serve as catalysts for collective action. The present paper maps the context of the "Euromaidan" anti-regime protests in Ukraine and reports data (N = 996) collected through an online survey following legislation to ban protests (March-May, 2014). We measured participants' identification with three different groups (the Ukrainian nation, the online protest community, and the street movement), perception of compatibility between online protest and the street movement, perception of the legitimacy of protest, and intentions to take persuasive and confrontational collective action...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480846/dependence-of-morphometric-parameters-of-the-dental-occlusion-on-the-type-of-the-lower-jaw-growth-in-children-with-class-ii1-dentofacial-anomalies-who-line-in-the-northern-ukraine
#14
L V Galich, V Kuroedova, Yu Lakhtin, L B Galich, P Moskalenko
The aim of the work was to study the structure of dentofacial anomalies in children and adolescents in Sumy city and Sumy oblast, to identify dentoalveolar morphological peculiarities of the occlusion in 10-13 years old patients with class ІІ1 anomalies according to Angle's classification with different types of lower jaw bone growth. A retrospective analysis of 2236 outpatient dental cards of urban and rural patients with orthodontic pathology was conducted. Patients were divided into three age groups: 6-9 years old (early mixed occlusion) - 592 children; 10-13 years old (late mixed occlusion) - 1180 children; over 13 years old (permanent occlusion) - 464 persons; besides 76 patients with class ІІ1 anomalies according to Angle's classification aged 10-13 years were examined...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476258/the-middle-east-and-eastern-europe-rabies-expert-bureau-meereb-third-meeting-lyon-france-7-8-april-2015
#15
REVIEW
V Picot, A Rasuli, A Abella-Rider, M Saadatian-Elahi, A Aikimbayev, A Barkia, S Benmaiz, Z Bouslama, K De Balogh, A Dehove, F Davlyatov, F Farahtaj, G Gongal, A Gholami, P Imnadze, M Issad, S Khoufi, V Nedosekov, A Rafila, H Rich, A Soufi, J Tuychiev, N Vranjes, R Vodopija, I Zaouia, L Nel
MEEREB is an inter-regional network of countries from North Africa, Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia that work together with the aim of improving rabies control and prevention at local, regional and global level. MEEREB members met for the third time in 2015 in France (Lyon) to review the current rabies situation within the network and to discuss the way forward the prospect of a One Health approach against rabies. Dogs were the main vector of transmission in all MEEREB countries except for Croatia and Serbia where foxes represented the primary source...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469627/extending-miscanthus-cultivation-with-novel-germplasm-at-six-contrasting-sites
#16
Olena Kalinina, Christopher Nunn, Ruth Sanderson, Astley F S Hastings, Tim van der Weijde, Mensure Özgüven, Ivan Tarakanov, Heinrich Schüle, Luisa M Trindade, Oene Dolstra, Kai-Uwe Schwarz, Yasir Iqbal, Andreas Kiesel, Michal Mos, Iris Lewandowski, John C Clifton-Brown
Miscanthus is a genus of perennial rhizomatous grasses with C4 photosynthesis which is indigenous in a wide geographic range of Asian climates. The sterile clone, Miscanthus × giganteus (M. × giganteus), is a naturally occurring interspecific hybrid that has been used commercially in Europe for biomass production for over a decade. Although, M. × giganteus has many outstanding performance characteristics including high yields and low nutrient offtakes, commercial expansion is limited by cloning rates, slow establishment to a mature yield, frost, and drought resistance...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452722/an-eruption-pattern-of-deciduous-teeth-in-children-born-with-fetal-macrosomia-during-the-first-year-of-life
#17
O Garmash
The paper aims at studying the effect of body overweight at birth on the dental health of 482 children in the Kharkiv City (Ukraine) during their first year of life over the 2001 and 2013 interval. The macrosomia set is comprised of the medical records of the children born with fetal macrosomia, and the normosimia set of the medical records of the children born with weight and height that correspond to the gestation age. The gestation age of all children is 37 to 42 weeks'. To determine the average time of first tooth eruption and deciduous teeth growth rate for each of the sets under study, we have used the hypothesis about a linear dependence between the number of erupted teeth and the age of the child...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451067/prolonged-grief-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-disaster-bereaved-individuals-latent-class-analysis
#18
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Jos de Keijser, Geert E Smid, A A A Manik J Djelantik, Paul A Boelen
Background: Hundreds of individuals lost one or more significant others in the MH17 plane crash in 2014 in Ukraine. The current study is the first to explore subgroups of disaster-bereaved individuals based on presence of psychopathology clusters. This may inform the development of diagnostic instruments and tailored interventions. Objective: Aims of the current study were to examine (1) subgroups based on presence of prolonged grief disorder (PGD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters and (2) associations between class membership, disaster-related variables (i...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426413/new-record-of-steinernema-arenarium-artyukhovsky-rhabditida-steinernematidae-from-ukraine-and-a-note-on-its-distribution
#19
Yegor Yakovlev, Jiří Nermut, Vladimír Půža, Vitaliy A Kharchenko, Zdeněk Mráček
During a survey of the biodiversity of entomopathogenic nematodes in Ukraine, a population of Steinernema arenarium, strain Ch, was recovered in the sensitive Chornobyl Exclusion Zone. In the present work, this strain was morphologically and molecularly characterised using light microscopy and the sequences of the ITS and D2-D3 region of the 28S rDNA. In addition, we sequenced the ITS and D2-D3 regions of four populations of S. arenarium from a laboratory collection. Phylogenetic analyses were performed and the phylogenetic structure and geographic distribution of S...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407785/first-autochthonous-cases-of-canine-thelaziosis-in-slovakia-a-new-affected-area-in-central-europe
#20
Viktória Čabanová, Peter Kocák, Bronislava Víchová, Martina Miterpáková
BACKGROUND: The spirurid nematode Thelazia callipaeda, also called the "Oriental eyeworm", is the causative agent of canine and human ocular thelaziosis. In the past few years it has started to spread across central Europe and new endemic areas have been established. The present study reports on the first four autochthonous cases of canine ocular thelaziosis in the territory of Slovakia, Central Europe. RESULTS: All cases were recorded in dogs living in eastern Slovakia, near the border with the Ukraine...
April 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
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