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Artem S Rogovskyy, Igor V Nebogatkin, Glen A Scoles
The Ixodidae include the most common tick species encountered in Europe. The ticks transmit a variety of bacterial and protozoan agents of medical and veterinary significance. The aim of the current work was to investigate distribution of Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulatus ticks in Kyiv, the largest and most densely populated megapolis of Ukraine. Ticks were collected at various recreational areas by flagging during May, the month that showed the highest tick abundance in the past. Sex distribution among I...
October 14, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
T Kuchuloria, T Akhvlediani, N Akhvlediani
This root cause analysis concerns the conflict in the Eastern Ukraine and its impact on healthcare delivery in the context of treating internally displaced persons (IDPs). Inadequate treatment of tuberculosis (TB) was selected as a major topic for intervention planning in conflict areas in Ukraine. With respect to treating TB among IDPs, rapid diagnosis and adequate nutrition and shelter are important components of care and disease control. The DOT, supported by trained primary healthcare providers equipped with rapid MDR TB diagnostic capacities, need to provide appropriate shelter and nutrition to IDPs...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
Aneta Grajda, Zbigniew Kułaga, Beata Gurzkowska, Magdalena Góźdź, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Mieczysław Litwin
OBJECTIVES: To examine the pattern and trend of deaths due to external causes among Polish children and adolescents in 1999-2012, and to compare trends in Poland's neighboring countries. METHODS: Death records were obtained from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. External causes mortality rates (MR) with 95 % confidence interval were calculated. The annual percentage change of MR was examined using linear regression. To compare MR with Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Germany, data from the European Mortality Database were used...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Tetiana V Ieremeieva
INTRODUCTION: nowadays, there are about 45 million blind individuals and, according to the prognosis, their quantity will reach over 76 million in 2020. In such a way, nowadays ophthalmological problems become more widespread, and the market of the ophthalmological services is not studied enough to understand all the tendencies and processes. AIM: was to study the patients' awareness on eye diseases and choice peculiarities of the information sources and medical institutions among various population age groups of Lutsk, Rivne and Ternopil cities...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Ганна Л Пустовойт, Тетяна І Ярмола, Олександр В Мохначов, Лідія А Ткаченко, Сергій М Супруненко
INTRODUCTION: Ukraine occupies the 143 place in the world in life expectancy and the first place in terms of mortality. The main cause of death - cardiovascular diseases - 58%. Recent studies show the important and independent role of endothelium in the development of cardiovascular disease. THE AIM: examination of the endothelium destruction in aging men by determining the level of surface specific antigens of endothelial microparticles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 88 men age from 45 to 76 years...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Лариса Ф Матюха, Тетяна А Титова, Тетяна М Бухановська, Богдан О Смаль
INTRODUCTION: diabetes mellitus is among the main challenges in the establishment of an effective health care system. A significant prevalence of disease and, consequently, a large number of complications, caused by it, provokes a constant searching for new measures and means for the struggle. In Ukraine, as in other countries, among methods of such a struggle is to standardize medical care. AIM: explore the state of health care for patients with diabetes in Ukraine...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Kostyantyn Dumchev, Olga Varetska, Ihor Kuzin
Once facing the most severe HIV epidemic in Eastern Europe, Ukraine has built an elaborate Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system to track the response to AIDS. This system was developed using recommendations and input from multiple international expert organizations and donors and, at the current stage, serves as a best practice model in many areas. The present paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the evolution of the M&E system in Ukraine since its inception. Notable achievements and challenges are described and illustrated by epidemiological data and the recommendations for future development are discussed...
October 6, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Wladimir Wertelecki, Christina D Chambers, Lyubov Yevtushok, Natalya Zymak-Zakutnya, Zoriana Sosyniuk, Serhiy Lapchenko, Bogdana Ievtushok, Diana Akhmedzhanova
In the 30 years since the Chornobyl nuclear power plant disaster, there is evidence of persistent levels of incorporated ionizing radiation in adults, children and pregnant women in the surrounding area. Measured levels of Cesium-137 vary by region, and may be influenced by dietary and water sources as well as proximity to nuclear power plants. Since 2000, comprehensive, population-based birth defects monitoring has been performed in selected regions of Ukraine to evaluate trends and to generate hypotheses regarding potential causes of unexplained variations in defect rates...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Sezgin Zeren, Zulfu Bayhan, Cengiz Koçak, Fatma Emel Koçak, Mehmet Huseyin Metineren, Bircan Savran, Havva Kocak, Mustafa Cem Algin, Cuneyt Kahraman, Ahmet Kocak, Suleyman Cosgun
: Purpose/Aim: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis (AP). We compared the therapeutic effects of Ukrain (NSC 631570) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in rats with AP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into four groups: controls; AP; AP with NAC; and AP with Ukrain. AP was induced via the ligation of the bile-pancreatic duct; drugs were administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) 30 min and 12 h after AP induction...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Annika C Montag, Andrew D Hull, Lyubov Yevtushok, Natalya Zymak-Zakutnya, Zoryana Sosyniuk, Viktor Dolhov, Kenneth Lyons Jones, Wladimir Wertelecki, Christina D Chambers
BACKGROUND: Early detection of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) is desirable to allow earlier and more comprehensive interventions to be initiated for the mother and infant. We examined prenatal ultrasound as an early method of detecting markers of the physical features and neurobehavioral deficits characteristic of FASD. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort of pregnant women in Ukraine was recruited as part of the Collaborative Initiative on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders...
September 30, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
(no author information available yet)
Professor Yevhenii Petrovych Sidorik, well-known scientist in the fields of biophysics and experimental oncology, double Laureate of the State Prize in Science and Technology, Laureate of O.O. Bohomolets Prize and R.E. Kavetsky Prize of the NAS of Ukraine died on the 86(th) year of his life.
September 2016: Experimental Oncology
Antti Oksanen, Mar Siles-Lucas, Jacek Karamon, Alessia Possenti, Franz J Conraths, Thomas Romig, Patrick Wysocki, Alice Mannocci, Daniele Mipatrini, Giuseppe La Torre, Belgees Boufana, Adriano Casulli
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to provide a systematic review on the geographical distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis in definitive and intermediate hosts in the European Union (EU) and adjacent countries (AC). The relative importance of the different host species in the life-cycle of this parasite was highlighted and gaps in our knowledge regarding these hosts were identified. METHODS: Six databases were searched for primary research studies published from 1900 to 2015...
September 28, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
Quirin Schiermeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Nature
Pavel V Chernyshov, Roger C Ho, Fiorella Monti, Anna Jirakova, Svitlana S Velitchko, Jana Hercogova, Erica Neri
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis has a significant impact on quality of life of children and families. OBJECTIVE: It is important to assess gender differences in health-related quality of life in children with atopic dermatitis in order to effectively use health-related quality of life results. METHODS: Children 5- to 16-years of age with atopic dermatitis from Italy, Singapore, Czech Republic, and Ukraine were divided into two groups (boys and girls)...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
G Ciocca, C Niolu, D Déttore, P Antonelli, S Conte, B Tuziak, E Limoncin, D Mollaioli, E Carosa, G L Gravina, S Di Sante, G Di Lorenzo, A D Fisher, M Maggi, A Lenzi, A Siracusano, E A Jannini
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate homophobic attitudes in three European countries: Italy, Albania, and Ukraine. One thousand and forty-eight students were recruited in Italian (n = 766), Albanian (n = 180), and Ukrainian (n = 102) university centers. METHODS: A socio-demographic questionnaire and Homophobia Scale (HS) were administered by our staff. RESULTS: Cross-cultural and significant differences among Italian, Albanian, and Ukrainian students were found on the Homophobia Scale (HS; Italy: mean = 22...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
F I Korennoy, V M Gulenkin, A E Gogin, T Vergne, A K Karaulov
In 1977, Ukraine experienced a local epidemic of African swine fever (ASF) in the Odessa region. A total of 20 settlements were affected during the course of the epidemic, including both large farms and backyard households. Thanks to timely interventions, the virus circulation was successfully eradicated within 6 months, leading to no additional outbreaks. Detailed report of the outbreak's investigation has been publically available from 2014. The report contains some quantitative data that allow studying the ASF-spread dynamics in the course of the epidemic...
September 25, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
M Korshun, O Dema, O Kucherenko, T Ruda, O Korshun, R Gorbachevskyi, I Pelio, A Antonenko
Application of pesticides in modern agriculture is a powerful permanent risk factor for public health and the natural environment. The aim of the study was a comparative hygienic assessment of soil pollution hazards by the most widely used herbicides of different chemical classes (sulfonylureas, imidazolinones, pyrimidinyl (thio) benzoates, semicarbazones). Hygienic field experiment for studying of the dynamics of residual amounts of the test substances in the soil under different climatic zones of Ukraine was conducted...
July 2016: Georgian Medical News
Iwona Bojar, Oleh Lyubinets, Jozef Novotny, Yaroslav Stanchak, Evgenii Tiszczenko, Alfred Owoc, Dorota Raczkiewicz
The objective of the study was analysis of the occurrence and intensity of menopausal symptoms in postmenopausal women from Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. The study was conducted during the period 2014-2015 among postmenopausal women living in the areas of Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Slovakia. The degree of menopausal complaints was assessed using the Kupperman Menopausal Index and Greene Climacteric Scale. The respondents were additionally asked about age, educational level, place of residence, marital status and age at last menstrual period...
September 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Robert E Booth, Jonathan M Davis, Sergey Dvoryak, John T Brewster, Oksana Lisovska, Steffanie A Strathdee, Carl A Latkin
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Ukraine is among the highest in the world. In this study, we aimed to assess whether a social network intervention was superior to HIV testing and counselling in affecting HIV incidence among PWID. Although this was not the primary aim of the study, it is associated with reducing drug and sex risk behaviours, which were primary aims. METHODS: In this clustered randomised trial, PWID who were 16 years of age or older, had used self-reported drug injection in the past 30 days, were willing to be interviewed for about 1 hour and tested for HIV, were not too impaired to comprehend and provide informed consent, and, for this paper, who tested HIV negative at baseline were recruited from the streets by project outreach workers in three cities in southern and eastern Ukraine: Odessa, Donetsk, and Nikolayev...
October 2016: Lancet HIV
Deborah Oughton
The Fukushima Nuclear Power Station accident in Japan in 2011 was a poignant reminder that radioactive contamination of the environment has consequences that encompass far more than health risks from exposure to radiation. Both the accident and remediation measures have resulted in serious societal impacts and raise questions about the ethical aspects of risk management. This article presents a brief review of some of these issues and compares similarities and differences with the lessons learned from the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident in Ukraine...
October 2016: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
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