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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936109/predictive-role-of-the-number-of-18f-fdg-positive-lymph-nodes-detected-by-pet-ct-for-pre-treatment-evaluation-of-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer
#1
Xin Wang, Yuzhe Wei, Yingwei Xue, Peiou Lu, Lijuan Yu, Baozhong Shen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of the numbers of metabolically positive lymph nodes (MPLN) detected by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 50 patients with LAGC (stage T2-T4) who had undergone pre-operative PET/CT examination and laparotomy (total gastrectomy, n = 11; subtotal gastrectomy, n = 13; distal gastrectomy, n = 22; and bypass with gastrojejunstomy, n = 4)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935928/myomectomy-revisited-experiences-in-a-teaching-hospital
#2
S Subedi, M Chhetry, S Lamichhane
INTRODUCTION: Uterine myomas are the most common benign tumors of the female reproductive tract with myomectomy being one of the major modalities of the treatment in our set up. The aim of this study was to share the experiences of open myomectomy from a Teaching Hospital. METHODS: A observational study was conducted from a records of myomectomy cases in the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Nobel Medical College teaching Hospital from June 2014- May 2016...
April 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935912/epidermoid-cyst-of-tongue
#3
C Naik, N Prusty
Epidermoid cyst occurring within the tongue is rare. A 5 year old male child was brought to OPD with a tongue mass which was gradually increasing in size. There was associated difficulty in speech and mastication as the swelling increased in size. Intraoral examination revealed moderately tender,fluctuant and enlarged tongue. A diagnosis of dermoid cyst was made and the patient was booked for surgery. Excision of the cyst was done under general anaesthesia. Post-operative histopathology was done. The histopathological findings confirm the diagnosis of an epidermoid cyst, characterized by the presence of: (I) a cyst cavity lined by stratified squamous epithelium with keratinization on the surface; and (II) connective tissue with a mild inflammation...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935882/-puncture-treatment-of-pseudoaneurysms-of-femoral-arteries-with-the-use-of-human-thrombin
#4
D S Panfilov, B N Kozlov, S D Panfilov, M S Kuznetsov, G G Nasrashvili, V M Shipulin
The authors analysed both immediate and remote results of puncture treatment with the use of human thrombin under ultrasound control in patients with iatrogenic false aneurysms of femoral arteries. The study included a total of 32 patients presenting with post-puncture pseudoaneurysms of femoral arteries after previous endovascular manipulations. The clinical diagnosis was verified by means of ultrasound duplex scanning. Puncture treatment was carried out using lyophilisate of human thrombin at a concentration of 500 IU according to the patented technique...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935597/the-evidence-informing-the-surgeon-s-selection-of-intraocular-lens-on-the-basis-of-light-transmittance-properties
#5
REVIEW
X Li, D Kelly, J M Nolan, J L Dennison, S Beatty
In recent years, manufacturers and distributors have promoted commercially available intraocular lenses (IOLs) with transmittance properties that filter visible short-wavelength (blue) light on the basis of a putative photoprotective effect. Systematic literature review. Out of 21 studies reporting on outcomes following implantation of blue-light-filtering IOLs (involving 8914 patients and 12 919 study eyes undergoing cataract surgery), the primary outcome was vision, sleep pattern, and photoprotection in 9 (42...
December 9, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934801/derivation-validation-of-glycosylated-haemoglobin-hba-1c-cut-off-value-as-a-diagnostic-test-for-type-2-diabetes-in-south-indian-population
#6
Alladi Mohan, S Aparna Reddy, Alok Sachan, Kvs Sarma, D Prabath Kumar, Mahesh V Panchagnula, Pvln Srinivasa Rao, B Siddhartha Kumar, P Krishnaprasanthi
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA 1c ) has been in use for more than a decade, as a diagnostic test for type 2 diabetes. Validity of HbA 1c needs to be established in the ethnic population in which it is intended to be used. The objective of this study was to derive and validate a HbA 1c cut-off value for the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in the ethnic population of Rayalaseema area of south India. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, consecutive patients suspected to have type 2 diabetes underwent fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2 h post-load plasma glucose (2 h-PG) measurements after a 75 g glucose load and HbA 1c estimation...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934791/comparison-of-single-incision-and-multi-incision-diagnostic-laparoscopy-on-evaluation-of-diaphragmatic-status-after-left-thoracoabdominal-penetrating-stab-wounds
#7
Mehmet Ilhan, Ali Fuat Kaan Gök, Süleyman Bademler, Ömer Cenk Cücük, Yiğit Soytaş, Hakan Teoman Yanar
AIM: Single incision diagnostic laparoscopy (SIDL) may be an alternative procedure to multi-incision diagnostic laparoscopy (MDL) for penetrating thoracoabdominal stab wounds. The purpose of this study is sharing our experience and comparing two techniques for diaphragmatic status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 102 patients with left thoracoabdominal penetrating stab injuries who admitted to Istanbul School of Medicine, Trauma and Emergency Surgery Clinic between February 2012 and April 2016 were examined...
January 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934790/abdomino-endoscopic-perineal-excision-of-the-rectum-for-benign-and-malignant-pathology-technique-considerations-for-true-transperineal-verus-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-endoscopic-proctectomy
#8
Hazar Al Furajii, Niall Kennedy, Ronan A Cahill
PURPOSE: Transanal minimally invasive surgery using single port instrumentation is now well described for the performance of total mesorectal excision with restorative colorectal/anal anastomosis most-often in conjunction with transabdominal multiport assistance. While non-restorative abdomino-endoscopic perineal excision of the anorectum is conceptually similar, it has been less detailed in the literature. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing non-restorative ano-proctectomy including a transperineal endoscopic component were analysed...
January 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933504/mental-health-support-provided-throughout-the-bariatric-surgery-clinical-pathway-in-french-specialized-care-centers-for-obesity
#9
Kristopher Lamore, Sandra S Kaci, Sébastien Czernichow, Marion Bretault, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Sandra Gribe-Ouaknine, Claire Carette, Cécile Flahault
OBJECTIVE: Pre-operative psychological assessment is recommended by international guidelines for bariatric surgery candidates. Thereby, service teams caring for bariatric patients should include at least one mental health provider (e.g., a psychologist or psychiatrist). The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychology and psychiatry resources and practices in the 37 specialized obesity centers (CSOs) created by the French Ministry of Health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CSO coordinators were contacted by e-mail to collect general information on the centers (e...
December 8, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932767/-mid-and-long-term-result-of-celiac-artery-coverage-in-tevar-treatment-for-aortic-dissection
#10
Ming Li, Chang Shu, Quanming Li, Tun Wang, Kun Fang
To observe the mid- and long-term result of intentional coverage of celiac artery in thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) surgery for aortic dissection.
 Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 21 cases who received TEVAR with celiac artery coverage during the operation. The existence of collaterals between celiac artery (CA) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was confirmed by preoperative CT angiography (CTA) or digital substract angiography (DSA) for each patient. We used the stent-graft precisely above the orifice of SMA...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932406/diagnostic-concordance-between-skeletal-cephalometrics-radiograph-based-soft-tissue-cephalometrics-and-photograph-based-soft-tissue-cephalometrics
#11
Riccardo Nucera, Antonino Lo Giudice, Mirea Bellocchio, Paola Spinuzza, Alberto Caprioglio, Giancarlo Cordasco
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the diagnostic concordance between skeletal cephalometrics and soft-tissue cephalometrics in identifying facial lower third characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared a skeletal cephalometric analysis (SCA) to a soft-tissue analysis performed on cephalometric radiographs (rSTCA) and to one performed on profile photograph (pSTCA). Ninety-six pre-treatment digital lateral cephalometric radiographs and 96 digital profile photographs were randomly selected for this study (patients' mean age: 18...
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932136/prognostic-value-of-high-sensitivity-troponin-t-to-identify-patients-at-risk-of-left-ventricular-graft-dysfunction-after-heart-transplantation
#12
A B Méndez, J Ordonez-Llanos, S Mirabet, J Galan, M L Maestre, V Brossa, M T Rivilla, L López, T Koller, A Sionis, E Roig
Primary graft dysfunction after heart transplantation (HTx) has a very high mortality rate, especially if the left ventricle (PGD-LV) is involved. Early diagnosis is important to select the appropriate therapy to improve prognosis. The value of high-sensitivity troponin T (HS-TNT) measurement obtained at patient arrival at the intensive care unit was analyzed in 71 HTx patients. Mild or moderate PGD-LV was defined by hemodynamic compromise with one of the following criteria: left ventricular ejection fraction <40%, hemodynamic compromise with right atrial pressure >15 mm Hg, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure >20 mm Hg, cardiac index <2...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932071/clinical-predictors-and-outcome-implications-of-early-readmission-in-lung-transplant-recipients
#13
Asishana A Osho, Anthony W Castleberry, Babatunde A Yerokun, Michael S Mulvihill, Justin Rucker, Laurie D Snyder, Robert D Davis, Matthew G Hartwig
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors and outcome implications for 30-day hospital readmission in lung transplant recipients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of lung transplant cases from a single, high-volume lung transplant program between January 2000 and March 2012. Demographic and health data were reviewed for all patients. Risk factors for 30-day readmission (defined as readmission within 30 days of discharge from index lung transplant hospitalization) were modeled using logistic regression, with selection of parameters by backward elimination...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931944/restoration-of-anterior-vertebral-height-by-short-segment-pedicle-screw-fixation-with-screwing-fractured-vertebra-for-the-treatment-of-unstable-thoracolumbar-fractures
#14
Bulent Ozdemir, Ayhan Kanat, Cihangir Erturk, Osman Ersagun Batcik, Mehmet Sabri Balik, Ugur Yazar, Fatma Beyazal Celiker, Yavuz Metin, Mehmet Fatih Inecikli, Ali Rıza Guvercin
BACKGROUND: Treatment of unstable thoraco-lumbar fractures remains controversial. Long-segment pedicle screw constructs may be stiffer and impart greater forces on adjacent segments compared with short-segment constructs.Short-segment pedicle screw fixation alone may be associated with instrumentation failure. Reinforcement fractured vertebra by additional two screws at fracture level may be usefull in thoraco-lumbar fractures for restoration of anterior vertebral height. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 38 (22 males, 16 females) unstable thoracolumbar fractures...
December 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931922/qualitative-analysis-of-the-risks-and-practices-associated-with-the-spread-of-african-swine-fever-within-the-smallholder-pig-value-chains-in-uganda
#15
Michel Dione, Emily Ouma, Felix Opio, Brian Kawuma, Danilo Pezo
A study was undertaken between September 2014 and December 2014 to assess the perceptions of smallholder pig value chain actors of the risks and practices associated with the spread of African swine fever (ASF) disease within the pig value chains. Data was collected from 136 value chain actors and 36 key informants through 17 group discussions and two key informant interview (KII) sessions respectively using Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) tools. Results from this study revealed that according to value chain actors and stakeholders, the transporting, slaughtering, and collecting/bulking nodes represent the highest risk, followed by the inputs and services (feeds and drugs) supply nodes...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931496/post-operative-instructions-for-extractions-oral-surgery
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931169/a-mouse-model-of-bilateral-cervical-contusion-compression-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Nicole Forgione, Mahmood Chamankhah, Michael Fehlings
Cervical spinal cord injury (cSCI) occurs in over half of all cases of traumatic SCI, yet we lack therapies that can generate significant functional recovery in these patients. The development of animal models of cSCI will aid in the pre-clinical assessment of therapies and in understanding basic pathophysiological mechanisms. Here we describe a clinically relevant model of cervical contusion-compression injury in the mouse. Using a modified aneurism clip we generated a bilateral, incomplete injury that mimics contusion-compression injuries most commonly seen in humans...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930942/trocar-guided-trans-vaginal-mesh-surgery-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-effects-on-urinary-continence-and-anatomical-and-functional-outcomes-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
F Natale, E Costantini, C La Penna, E Illiano, R Balsamo, A Carbone, M Cervigni
OBJECTIVE: Primary objective of this study was to assess the effects of trocar-guided transvaginal mesh surgery (TVM) on cure and prevention rates for incontinence, without concomitant surgery for Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI). Our secondary objectives were anatomical outcomes, relief of symptoms and effect on quality of life (QoL). STUDY DESIGN: This prospective observational study evaluated women who underwent TVM for symptomatic stage >2 Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930545/application-of-stereotactic-biopsy-for-diagnosing-intracranial-lesions-in-patients-with-aids-in-china-report-of-7-cases
#19
Ji-Bo Zhang, Kai Fu, Rui Gong, Xue-Meng Liu, Li-Dao Chen, Yong-Xi Zhang, Gui-Fang Yang, Jie Zhang
RATIONALE: The aim of the study was to evaluate stereotactic biopsy for diagnosing intracranial lesions in patients with AIDS. PATIENT CONCERNS: Seven AIDS patients with an intracranial lesion who underwent stereotactic biopsy were included in this retrospective study (4 males and 3 females, 15 to 49 years old). The patients' disease history ranged from 1 month to 1 year. The samples were examined by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemical examination...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929925/evaluation-of-factors-associated-with-death-in-patients-with-necrotizing-fasciitis-of-the-abdominal-wall
#20
Christian W Ertl, Nicole C Carpp, Jeffrey Johnson, Leandra Burke
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rapidly progressing, life-threatening soft tissue infection. The prognostic factors associated with death from abdominal wall NF are not well understood. METHODS: The medical records of 61 patients with abdominal wall NF were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic, co-morbidity, laboratory, and clinical data were collected and compared for patients who survived and who did not. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients met the inclusion criteria, with eight deaths (13...
December 8, 2016: Surgical Infections
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