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Depression endocrinology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692274/isolating-the-direct-effects-of-adverse-developmental-conditions-on-in-vivo-cardiovascular-function-at-adulthood-the-avian-model
#1
K L Skeffington, C Beck, N Itani, D A Giussani
It is now well accepted that exposure to adverse environmental conditions in utero can predispose a fetus to disease later in life. Using an avian model to study the programming of disease has a unique advantage as it allows isolation of the direct effects of adverse conditions on fetal physiology, without any confounding effects via the mother or placenta. However, experiments in avian models are limited by the lack of well-established surgical protocols for the adult bird, which we have established in this study...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581804/anxiety-and-depression-among-adult-patients-with-diabetic-foot-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#2
Ali Ahmad, Mousa Abujbara, Hashem Jaddou, Nidal A Younes, Kamel Ajlouni
Background: Diabetic foot is a frequent complication of diabetes mellitus with subsequent disturbances in the daily life of the patients. The co-existence of depression and anxiety among diabetic foot patients is a common phenomenon and the role of each of them in perpetuating the other is highlighted in the literature. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence rates of anxiety and depression, and to examine the associated risk factors among diabetic foot patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571888/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-followed-for-differentiated-cancer-of-the-thyroid
#3
Nassim Essabah Haraj, Hicham Bouri, Siham El Aziz, Samira Nani, Noureddine Habti, Asma Chadli
Thyroid cancer often has good prognosis but can impact quality of life. The objective of this study is to evaluate quality of life in patients treated for differentiated thyroid carcinoma and look for associated factors. An observational cross-sectional study with comparison group was conducted in the Endocrinology Department of the Ibn Rochd University Hospital between October 2013 and February 2015. The patient group included 124 adult patients followed for differentiated thyroid carcinoma; the control group comprised 124 healthy subjects of the same age...
March 20, 2018: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492051/frequency-of-depression-among-patients-with-type-i-diabetes-in-a-developing-country-pakistan
#4
Musarrat Riaz, Nazish Imran, Asher Fawwad, Abdul Basit
Objective: To determine the frequency of depressive symptoms among young people with Type-I diabetes. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted at Baqai Institute of Diabetology & Endocrinology, Karachi, Pakistan from February to December 2015. All People aged between 12-20 years with Type-I diabetes for at least 1 year attending the OPD were included in the study. Information about participants' demographic characteristics, co morbidities and Complications, current treatment and medications were obtained...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490621/effect-of-an-vitamin-d-deficiency-on-depressive-symptoms-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#5
Manuel Föcker, Jochen Antel, Corinna Grasemann, Dagmar Führer, Nina Timmesfeld, Dana Öztürk, Triinu Peters, Anke Hinney, Johannes Hebebrand, Lars Libuda
BACKGROUND: Depression is a significant health and economic burden worldwide affecting not only adults but also children and adolescents. Current treatment options for this group are scarce and show moderate effect sizes. There is emerging evidence that dietary patterns and specific nutritional components might play a role in the risk for developing depression. This study protocol focusses on the role of vitamin D which is for long known to be relevant for calcium and phosphorous homeostasis and bone health but might also impact on mental health...
March 1, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379560/evaluating-of-psychiatric-behavior-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#6
Fatemeh Moharei, Samaneh Norooziasl, Fatemeh Behdani, Nosrat Ghaemi
Objective: Obesity is a medical condition that may have a harmful effect on health, leading to increased illness and reduced life expectancy. This study aimed to  evaluate the relationship of psychiatry disorders in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Materials & Methods: In this case-control study, 160 children and adolescent were enrolled refereed to Clinic of Pediatric Endocrinology, Imam Reza hospital, Mashhad, Iran in 2009-2011. The sampling method of this study was non-probability and biased...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218959/self-efficacy-depression-and-self-care-activities-of-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-turkey
#7
Sultan Kav, Arzu Akman Yilmaz, Yasemin Bulut, Nevin Dogan
Background: Self-efficacy related to self-care behaviors in people with type 2 diabetes has been well reported. However no work has been reported in Turkey that uses reliable instruments to examine the relationships among self-care activities, depression and self-efficacy. Aim: This study aims to investigate self-care activities, depression and self-efficacy among people with type 2 diabetes in Turkey. Methods: The sample included 200 patients with type 2 diabetes from an endocrinology outpatient clinic at a university hospital...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205693/evaluation-of-factors-related-to-glycaemic-control-among-south-korean-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Won-Hee Choi, Yeong-Mi Seo, Yeongmi Ha
AIMS: To examine specific self-care behaviours, depression, and diabetes-related stress among South Korean patients with type 2 diabetes and to evaluate whether these factors are related to glycaemic control. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 171 patients with type 2 diabetes who visited an endocrinology clinic. A structured questionnaire and electronic medical records were used to collect data regarding self-care behaviours, depression, diabetes-related distress, and glycaemic control between May 2015 and July 2015...
February 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107959/sleep-quality-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-long-term-survivors-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-germany
#9
Friederike Hammersen, Philip Lewin, Judith Gebauer, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Georg Brabant, Alexander Katalinic, Annika Waldmann
This study investigated sleep quality and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among long-term survivors of Hodgkin (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The aim was to explore the impact of personal and health-related factors on sleep quality as well as associations between sleep quality and HRQOL. For the postal survey, participants with a minimum age of 18 years initially treated between 1998 and 2008 were recruited via the population-based cancer registry in Schleswig-Holstein, Northern Germany. Questionnaires included amongst others the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36v1)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093685/bipolar-spectrum-disorders-in-male-youth-the-interplay-between-symptom-severity-inflammation-steroid-secretion-and-body-composition
#10
REVIEW
Andreas Walther, Marlene Penz, Daniela Ijacic, Timothy R Rice
The morbidity and societal burden of youth bipolar spectrum disorders (BSD) are high. These disorders are multisystemic in that adult populations there are clear interactions with inflammatory processes and steroidal physiological systems. There are much less data concerning these areas of study in youth populations with BSD. This is surprising given the association of youth-onset BSD with puberty and its associated physiological changes. In this mini-review, we overview the theoretical role of inflammatory processes and steroidal physiological systems in youth BSD, describe the greater literature in adult populations, detail the literature in youth populations when available, and overview current proposed molecular mechanistic pathways and interaction effects based on the available data...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929995/endocrinological-and-subjective-stress-responses-in-children-with-depressive-anxiety-or-externalizing-disorders
#11
Stephanie Stadelmann, Sonia Jaeger, Tina Matuschek, Yoon Ju Bae, Kai von Klitzing, Annette Maria Klein, Mirko Döhnert
In this study, we used a stress test to investigate endocrinological and subjective stress responses of 8- to 14-year-old children with internalizing or externalizing disorders and healthy controls. The sample (N = 170) consisted of clinical and community children. Parents were given a diagnostic interview to diagnose their children's psychiatric condition. We measured saliva cortisol and subjectively experienced arousal in children before and after the Trier Social Stress Test for Children. Children also rated their performance immediately after the stress test, and 1 hr later they rated their positive and negative thoughts about this stressful event...
September 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892593/much-more-than-prescribing-a-pill-assessment-and-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-by-the-general-practitioner
#12
Ohad Shoshany, Darren J Katz, Christopher Love
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction is a common but often neglected condition. Prevalence increases with age, but is not insignificant in younger men. OBJECTIVE: This article will broadly describe the epidemiology, classification and risk factors of erectile dysfunction. It will also discuss assessment and current treatment modalities, with a particular focus on the unique role of the general practitioner (GP). DISCUSSION: Erectile dysfunction may be classified as vasculogenic, neurogenic, endocrinological, drug-related, psychogenic or mixed...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877841/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-in-medical-patients-champ-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-outcomes-to-5-years
#13
Peter Tyrer, Paul Salkovskis, Helen Tyrer, Duolao Wang, Michael J Crawford, Simon Dupont, Sylvia Cooper, John Green, David Murphy, Georgina Smith, Sharandeep Bhogal, Shaeda Nourmand, Valentina Lazarevic, Gemma Loebenberg, Rachel Evered, Stephanie Kings, Antoinette McNulty, Yvonne Lisseman-Stones, Sharon McAllister, Kofi Kramo, Jessica Nagar, Steven Reid, Rahil Sanatinia, Katherine Whittamore, Gemma Walker, Aaron Philip, Hilary Warwick, Sarah Byford, Barbara Barrett
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety is an under-recognised but frequent cause of distress that is potentially treatable, but there are few studies in secondary care. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a modified form of cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) for health anxiety (CBT-HA) compared with standard care in medical outpatients. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Five general hospitals in London, Middlesex and Nottinghamshire...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852239/physical-comorbidity-and-its-impact-on-symptom-profile-of-depression-among-elderly-patients-attending-psychiatry-services-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#14
Sandeep Grover, Eish Dalla, Aseem Mehra, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of physical comorbidities among elderly patients with depression attending psychiatric services and the secondary aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of physical comorbidities on symptom profile of depression. METHODOLOGY: 140 patients with a diagnosis of depression as per the International Classification of Diseases-10 criteria were evaluated on Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and a physical comorbidity checklist...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846969/effects-of-maternal-exposure-to-bisphenol-af-on-emotional-behaviors-in-adolescent-mice-offspring
#15
Miao Gong, Ziqing Huai, Han Song, Lingyu Cui, Qingjun Guo, Juan Shao, Yuan Gao, Haishui Shi
Exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), one kind of environmental endocrine disruptors (EEDs), exerted significantly detrimental effects on neuro-endocrinological system and related disorders, such as memory dysfunction and depression. Bisphenol AF (BPAF),a newly introduced chemical structurally related to BPA, is used extensively. BPAF has stronger estrogenic activities than BPA. However, the potential neurotoxicological effects of BPAF are still elusive. The present study aimed to investigate the potential effects of maternal BPAF exposure during pregnancy on emotional behaviors of adolescent mice offspring...
November 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660561/hormonal-effect-on-the-relationship-between-migraine-and-female-sexual-dysfunction
#16
Vasfiye Burcu Dogan, Hediye Dagdeviren, Ahmet Dirican, Ayten Ceyhan Dirican, Nurhan Kaya Tutar, Vidan Ayse Yayla, Hüseyin Cengiz
It is not a well-established finding in migraine that female sexual dysfunction (FSD) emerging as a natural course of disease, as a result of accompanying depression/anxiety, or an underlying endocrinological abnormality. Our aim is evaluating the relationship among frequency and severity of migraine, FSD, depression, anxiety, and related hormones in migrainous women. We examined 80 migrainous female and 62 controls cross sectionally. Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories, Female Sexual Dysfunction Inventory, Migraine Disability Assessment Test, and hormonal analysis were done...
September 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642047/erectile-dysfunction-in-young-men-a-review-of-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#17
REVIEW
Hoang Minh Tue Nguyen, Andrew T Gabrielson, Wayne J G Hellstrom
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is an important health concern that can significantly affect a man's psychosocial well-being. ED has traditionally been considered a disease of old age; however, contemporary evidence suggests a growing incidence of ED in men younger than 40 years. The process of achieving an erection is multifaceted; there are many potential mechanisms that can be disrupted. It is critical to identify the specific causes of ED before proceeding with potentially costly and invasive therapeutic options...
October 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617043/eveningness-is-associated-with-greater-depressive-symptoms-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-study-in-two-different-ethnic-cohorts
#18
Sunee Saetung, Hataikarn Nimitphong, Nantaporn Siwasaranond, Areesa Manodpitipong, Stephanie J Crowley, Megan M Hood, Sirimon Reutrakul
BACKGROUND: Eveningness is associated with greater depressive symptoms in the general population. Depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D) commonly coexist. We aimed to explore the association between morningness-eveningness and depressive symptoms in T2D patients in the United States and in Thailand. PARTICIPANTS: T2D patients (n = 182) from an endocrinology clinic in Chicago, Illinois, and six hospitals in Thailand (n = 251) were enrolled. METHODS: Diabetes history was collected...
June 15, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615771/comparative-study-of-psychiatric-manifestations-among-type-i-and-type-ii-diabetic-patients
#19
Rupesh Chaudhary, Pankaj Kumar, Akhil Chopra, Sandeep Chabbra, Parminder Singh
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depressive disorders belong to the most common psychiatric disorders worldwide. They are generally seen in individuals who suffer from chronic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus (DM). The prevalence of depression among diabetics ranges from 8.5% to 32.5%, while that for anxiety it is up to 30%. In this study, we try to compare the mental health problems faced by those with Type I and Type II DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients diagnosed with Type I diabetes (T1D) and Type II diabetes each presenting to Medicine and Endocrinology Department were assessed with Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) for depression and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) for anxiety...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514463/pediatric-psoriasis-comorbidity-screening-guidelines
#20
Emily Osier, Audrey S Wang, Megha M Tollefson, Kelly M Cordoro, Stephen R Daniels, Andrew Eichenfield, Joel M Gelfand, Alice B Gottlieb, Alexa B Kimball, Mark Lebwohl, Nehal N Mehta, Amy S Paller, Jeffrey B Schwimmer, Dennis M Styne, Abby S Van Voorhees, Wynnis L Tom, Lawrence F Eichenfield
Importance: Psoriasis is a complex inflammatory skin condition associated with serious medical comorbidities in adults, including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, psoriatic arthritis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, depression, anxiety, and decreased quality of life. Because psoriasis begins in childhood in almost one-third of patients, early identification of risk may be critical to minimizing effects on future health. Objective: To develop the first set of guidelines for comorbidity screening for patients with pediatric psoriasis based on current evidence...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
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