keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bariatric medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913121/loss-of-control-eating-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-surgery
#1
Valentina Ivezaj, Erin E Kessler, Janet A Lydecker, Rachel D Barnes, Marney A White, Carlos M Grilo
BACKGROUND: Postoperative loss-of-control (LOC) eating is related to poorer weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery, but little is known about LOC eating after sleeve gastrectomy surgery. OBJECTIVES: To examine LOC eating severity and weight loss after sleeve gastrectomy SETTING: University School of Medicine, United States METHODS: Participants were 71 individuals (84.5% female; n = 60) who underwent sleeve gastrectomy surgery within the previous 4 to 9 months and reported LOC eating at least once weekly during the previous 28 days...
October 1, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817153/use-of-fentanyl-iontophoretic-transdermal-system-its-ionsys-%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-patients-with-acute-postoperative-pain-a-case-series
#2
Steven Poplawski, Matthew Johnson, Philip Philips, Leopold H J Eberhart, Tilo Koch, Loretta M Itri
Fentanyl iontophoretic transdermal system (ITS) [IONSYS(®), The Medicines Company, Parsippany, NJ, USA] is a needle-free, patient-controlled, postoperative opioid pain management treatment. It is indicated for the short-term management of acute postoperative pain in adults requiring opioid analgesia in the hospital. The safety and effectiveness of fentanyl ITS for acute postoperative pain management has been demonstrated in a range of surgery and patient types studied in seven phase 3 trials (three placebo-controlled trials and four active-comparator trials)...
December 2016: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749997/dumping-syndrome-after-esophageal-gastric-or-bariatric-surgery-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-management
#3
A P van Beek, M Emous, M Laville, J Tack
BACKGROUND: Dumping syndrome, a common complication of esophageal, gastric or bariatric surgery, includes early and late dumping symptoms. Early dumping occurs within 1 h after eating, when rapid emptying of food into the small intestine triggers rapid fluid shifts into the intestinal lumen and release of gastrointestinal hormones, resulting in gastrointestinal and vasomotor symptoms. Late dumping occurs 1-3 h after carbohydrate ingestion, caused by an incretin-driven hyperinsulinemic response resulting in hypoglycemia...
October 17, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683792/impact-of-vitamin-d-and-calcium-deficiency-in-the-bones-of-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review
#4
Jefry Alberto Vargas Cabral, Gabriela Pereira de Souza, Juliana de Almeida Nascimento, Luis Fernando Simoneti, Carolina Marchese, Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres
Introduction: Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective tool in the control and treatment of severe obesity, but patients undergoing this procedure are at increased risk of developing nutritional deficiencies by limiting the intake and absorption of many nutrients. Objective: To assess the impact of vitamin D deficiency and calcium in bone in patients after gastric bypass in Roux-en-Y, pointing directly at the type of administration, doses and effects after surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683788/the-role-of-metabolic-surgery-for-patients-with-obesity-grade-i-and-type-2-diabetes-not-controlled-clinically
#5
Josemberg Campos, Almino Ramos, Thomaz Szego, Bruno Zilberstein, Heládio Feitosa, Ricardo Cohen
Introduction: Even considering the advance of the medical treatment in the last 20 years with new and more effective drugs, the outcomes are still disappointing as the control of obesity and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) with a large number of patients under the medical treatment still not reaching the desired outcomes. Objective: To present a Metabolic Risk Score to better guide the surgical indication for T2DM patients with body mass index (BMI) where surgery for obesity is still controversial...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683777/masticatory-function-of-obese-candidates-to-bariatric-surgery-from-distinct-socioeconomic-classes
#6
Celso Roberto Passeri, Jacira Alves Caracik de Camargo Andrade, Karla Thaíza Tomal, Eduardo Marcucci Pracucho, Livia Paschoalino de Campos, Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres
Background: Obesity and metabolic syndrome can be labeled as worldwide outbreak; thus, both have led to serious public health problem. Oral health can be worsened by both, obesity and metabolic syndrome. Tooth loss harms masticatory function, essential status to whom will be submitted to bariatric surgery. Aim: Assess masticatory function of obese candidates to bariatric surgery, who belong to distinct socioeconomic class range, in order to recognize hazard factors and the bias of socioeconomic factor in this context...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663821/liaison-psychiatry-and-bariatric-surgery-double-standards-what-are-the-possibilities-for-the-systematization-of-the-pre-operative-psychiatric-assessment-in-belgium
#7
Denis Jacques, Christine Reynaert, Nicolas Zdanowicz
BACKGROUND: In the context of health care in Belgium, the psychological or psychiatric opinion of a multidisciplinary team is required in the assessment of bariatric surgery candidates. In clinical practice, a wide variety of liaison psychiatry assessment methods exist. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: On the basis of a post-operative psychiatric comorbidity case report and a literature review on "liaison psychiatry and bariatric surgery" we aim to identify opportunities for the systematization of bariatric pre-surgery psychiatric evaluation...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568470/mechanisms-of-improved-glucose-handling-after-metabolic-surgery-the-big-6
#8
REVIEW
Rebecca L Paszkiewicz, Richard N Bergman
For some time, it has been clear that elevated glucose is detrimental to the organism. A plethora of medicines have been introduced to reduce the fasting and postprandial glucose levels (including insulin, glucagon-like peptide receptor 1 [GLP-1] agonists, and sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 [SGLT2] inhibitors, among others). Although these medications are useful to reduce tissue exposure to glucose, no single compound and no combination have been able to totally normalize the blood sugar. Thus, it was astonishing when it was reported that surgery of the gastrointestinal tract could not only reduce obesity but also normalize the blood sugar...
July 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524917/how-do-patients-clinical-phenotype-and-the-physiological-mechanisms-of-the-operations-impact-the-choice-of-bariatric-procedure
#9
REVIEW
Thomas Bächler, Carel W le Roux, Marco Bueter
Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective option for the treatment of morbid obesity and its associated comorbidities. Recent clinical and experimental findings have challenged the role of mechanical restriction and caloric malabsorption as the main mechanisms for weight loss and health benefits. Instead, other mechanisms including increased levels of satiety gut hormones, altered gut microbiota, changes in bile acid metabolism, and/or energy expenditure have been proposed as explanations for benefits of bariatric surgery...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409057/the-role-of-metabolic-surgery-for-patients-with-obesity-grade-i-andclinically-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes
#10
Josemberg Campos, Almino Ramos, Thomaz Szego, Bruno Zilberstein, Heládio Feitosa, Ricardo Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Even considering the advance of the medical treatment in the last 20 years with new and more effective drugs, the outcomes are still disappointing as the control of obesity and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) with a large number of patients under the medical treatment still not reaching the desired outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To present a Metabolic Risk Score to better guide the surgical indication for T2DM patients with body mass index (BMI) where surgery for obesity is still controversial...
July 7, 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307177/transversus-abdominal-plane-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Etrusca Brogi, Roy Kazan, Shantale Cyr, Francesco Giunta, Thomas M Hemmerling
PURPOSE: The transversus abdominal plane (TAP) block has been described as an effective pain control technique after abdominal surgery. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) to account for the increasing number of TAP block studies appearing in the literature. The primary outcome we examined was the effect of TAP block on the postoperative pain score at six, 12, and 24 hr. The secondary outcome was 24-hr morphine consumption. SOURCE: We searched the United States National Library of Medicine database, the Excerpta Medica database, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Studies and identified RCTs focusing on the analgesic efficacy of TAP block compared with a control group [i...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301373/leaks-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-overview-of-pathogenesis-and-risk-factors
#12
REVIEW
Angelo Iossa, Mohamed Abdelgawad, Brad Michael Watkins, Gianfranco Silecchia
BACKGROUND: Leak is the second most common cause of death after bariatric surgery. The leak rate after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) ranges between 1.1 and 5.3 %. The aim of the paper is to provide an overview of the current pathogenic and promoting factors of leakage after LSG on the basis of recent literature review and to report the evidence based preventive measures. METHODS: Risk factors and pathogenesis of leakage after LSG were examined based on an extensive review of literature and evidence based analysis of the most recent published studies using Oxford centre for evidence-based medicine, 2011, levels of evidence...
September 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292926/orthostatic-intolerance-and-autonomic-dysfunction-following-bariatric-surgery-a-retrospective-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Vanessa Ponnusamy, Andrew P Owens, Sanjay Purkayastha, Valeria Iodice, Christopher J Mathias
The prevalence and costs of the obesity epidemic and obesity-related conditions, including diabetes mellitus, is consistently increasing worldwide. Bariatric medicine is attempting to address this with weight loss and exercise programmes, and with increasing frequency, various forms of bariatric surgery. There has been considerable success reported after bariatric surgery but not without. We describe 14 patients with orthostatic intolerance (OI) post bariatric surgery. We report on OI (postural dizziness, palpitations and fainting), the results of cardiovascular autonomic testing and the associated and/or causative findings as well as reviewing the literature to consider the possible mechanisms...
July 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231816/bariatric-bypass-surgery-to-resolve-complicated-childhood-morbid-obesity-case-report-study-erratum
#14
(no author information available yet)
In the article ''Bariatric Bypass Surgery to Resolve Complicated Childhood Morbid Obesity: Case Report Study'', which appeared in Volume 94, Issue 49 of Medicine, Dr. Elrazek's name was incorrectly presented as Abd Elrazek M. Ali Hussein when it should have read Abd Elrazek Abd Elrazek. The article has since been corrected online.
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171827/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-mitigates-opioid-induced-worsening-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-early-after-bariatric-surgery
#15
Sebastian Zaremba, Christina H Shin, Matthew M Hutter, Sanjana A Malviya, Stephanie D Grabitz, Teresa MacDonald, Daniel Diaz-Gil, Satya Krishna Ramachandran, Dean Hess, Atul Malhotra, Matthias Eikermann
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery patients are vulnerable to sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) early after recovery from surgery and anesthesia. The authors hypothesized that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improves postoperative oxygenation and SDB and mitigates opioid-induced respiratory depression. METHODS: In a randomized crossover trial, patients after bariatric surgery received 30% oxygen in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) under two conditions: atmospheric pressure and CPAP (8 to 10 cm H2O)...
July 2016: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27124041/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-medical-treatment-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-obese-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Yong Yan, Yanhua Sha, Guoxiang Yao, Shiguang Wang, Fanzhi Kong, Haijun Liu, Guangjun Zhang, Haiqing Zhang, Cheng Hu, Xueli Zhang
The aim of the study is to compare Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery versus medical treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in obese patients.Bariatric surgery can achieve remission of T2DM in obese patients. RYGB surgery has been performed as one of the most common surgical treatment options for obese patients with T2DM, but the efficacy of RYGB surgery comparing with medical treatment alone has not been conclusively determined.A systematic literature search identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating RYGB surgery versus medical treatment for T2DM in obese patients was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Database, and Cochrane Clinical Trials Registry...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086785/obesity-the-metabolic-disease-advances-on-drug-discovery-and-natural-product-research
#17
REVIEW
Mafalda Castro, Marco Preto, Vitor Vasconcelos, Ralph Urbatzka
Obesity is a global health threat. OECD reported that more than half (52%) of the adult population in the European Union is overweight or obese. Obesity and obesity-related co-morbidities have deep negative effects on morbidity, mortality, professional and personal quality of life. Healthcare costs represent a negative impact of this disease, with an associated economic cost of 100 billion US$ per year in the United States. The most prescribed drugs for obesity treatment worldwide are orlistat, and phentermine/topiramate extended release, while the major prescribed drug for the same disease in the US are exenatide and dapagliflozin...
2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070144/prevalence-and-predictive-value-of-dyspnea-ratings-in-hospitalized-patients-pilot-studies
#18
Jennifer P Stevens, Kathy Baker, Michael D Howell, Robert B Banzett
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea (breathing discomfort) can be as powerfully aversive as pain, yet is not routinely assessed and documented in the clinical environment. Routine identification and documentation of dyspnea is the first step to improved symptom management and it may also identify patients at risk of negative clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of dyspnea and of dyspnea-associated risk among hospitalized patients. DESIGN: Two pilot prospective cohort studies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050404/lipids-and-bariatric-procedures-part-2-of-2-scientific-statement-from-the-american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-asmbs-the-national-lipid-association-nla-and-obesity-medicine-association-oma
#19
Harold Bays, Shanu N Kothari, Dan E Azagury, John M Morton, Ninh T Nguyen, Peter H Jones, Terry A Jacobson, David E Cohen, Carl Orringer, Eric C Westman, Deborah B Horn, Wendy Scinta, Craig Primack
Bariatric procedures generally improve dyslipidemia, sometimes substantially so. Bariatric procedures also improve other major cardiovascular risk factors. This 2-part Scientific Statement examines the lipid effects of bariatric procedures and reflects contributions from authors representing the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS), the National Lipid Association (NLA), and the Obesity Medicine Association (OMA). Part 1 was published in the Journal of Clinical Lipidology, and reviewed the impact of bariatric procedures upon adipose tissue endocrine and immune factors, adipose tissue lipid metabolism, as well as the lipid effects of bariatric procedures relative to bile acids and intestinal microbiota...
March 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892120/lipids-and-bariatric-procedures-part-1-of-2-scientific-statement-from-the-national-lipid-association-american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-and-obesity-medicine-association-full-report
#20
Harold E Bays, Peter H Jones, Terry A Jacobson, David E Cohen, Carl E Orringer, Shanu Kothari, Dan E Azagury, John Morton, Ninh T Nguyen, Eric C Westman, Deborah B Horn, Wendy Scinta, Craig Primack
Bariatric procedures often improve lipid levels in patients with obesity. This 2 part scientific statement examines the potential lipid benefits of bariatric procedures and represents the contributions from authors representing the National Lipid Association, American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, and the Obesity Medicine Association. The foundation for this scientific statement was based on published data through June 2015. Part 1 of this 2 part scientific statement provides an overview of: (1) adipose tissue, cholesterol metabolism, and lipids; (2) bariatric procedures, cholesterol metabolism, and lipids; (3) endocrine factors relevant to lipid influx, synthesis, metabolism, and efflux; (4) immune factors relevant to lipid influx, synthesis, metabolism, and efflux; (5) bariatric procedures, bile acid metabolism, and lipids; and (6) bariatric procedures, intestinal microbiota, and lipids, with specific emphasis on how the alterations in the microbiome by bariatric procedures influence obesity, bile acids, and inflammation, which in turn, may all affect lipid levels...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
keyword
keyword
37990
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"