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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114346/enhanced-skills-in-global-health-and-health-equity-guidelines-for-curriculum-development
#1
Russell Dawe, Andrea Pike, Monica Kidd, Praseedha Janakiram, Eileen Nicolle, Jill Allison
Introduction: Global health addresses health inequities in the care of underserved populations, both domestic and international. Given that health systems with a strong primary care foundation are the most equitable, effective and efficient, family medicine is uniquely positioned to engage in global health. However, there are no nationally recognized standards in Canada for postgraduate family medicine training in global health. Objective: To generate consensus on the essential components of a Global Health/Health Equity Enhanced Skills Program in family medicine...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097072/recommendations-for-randomised-trials-in-surgical-oncology
#2
J C Glasbey, E L Magill, K Brock, S P Bach
Trials of surgical procedures in the treatment of malignant disease face a unique set of challenges. This review aimed to describe recommendations for the design, delivery and reporting of randomised trials in surgical oncology. A literature search was carried out without date limits to identify articles related to trial methodology research in surgery and surgical oncology. A narrative review was framed around two open National Institute of Health Research portfolio trials in colon and rectal cancer: the STAR-TREC trial (ISRCTN14240288) and the ROCCS trial (ISRCTN46330337)...
October 30, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074340/evaluation-of-clinical-teaching-quality-in-competency-based-residency-training-in-lithuania
#3
Eglė Vaižgėlienė, Žilvinas Padaiga, Daiva Rastenytė, Algimantas Tamelis, Kęstutis Petrikonis, Cornelia Fluit
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In 2013, all residency programs at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences were renewed into the competency-based medical education curriculum (CBME). In 2015, we implemented the validated EFFECT questionnaire together with the EFFECT-System for quality assessment of clinical teaching in residency training. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of characteristics of the resident (year of training) and clinical teacher (gender, age, and type of academic position) on teaching quality, as well as to assess areas for teaching quality improvement...
September 7, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944632/-student-pursuing-a-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-between-process-of-professionalization-and-professional-development-in-swiss-and-belgien
#4
Myriam Graber, Veronique Haberey-Knuessi
The predictable shortage of nursing staff, in Switzerland as in the rest of Europe, continues to highlight a recurring problem for public health policy. The issue here is not just questions about the care and treatment of patients or the quality of such care, but also about the conditions necessary for adequate staff recruitment and the long-term professional engagement of health care personnel. Training in nursing care at the Universities of Applied Science of Western Switzerland is also indirectly concerned by rationalisation measures currently in force in the public Activé par Editorial Manager® et Preprint Manager® appartenant à Aries Systems Corporation health sector...
April 19, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771776/developing-and-rewarding-teachers-as-educators-and-scholars-remarkable-progress-and-daunting-challenges
#5
David M Irby, Patricia S O'Sullivan
CONTEXT: This article describes the scholarly work that has addressed the fifth recommendation of the 1988 World Conference on Medical Education: 'Train teachers as educators, not content experts alone, and reward excellence in this field as fully as excellence in biomedical research or clinical practice'. PROGRESS: Over the past 30 years, scholars have defined the preparation needed for teaching and other educator roles, and created faculty development delivery systems to train teachers as educators...
August 3, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765104/a-technological-innovation-to-reduce-prescribing-errors-based-on-implementation-intentions-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-myprescribe
#6
Chris Keyworth, Jo Hart, Hong Thoong, Jane Ferguson, Mary Tully
BACKGROUND: Although prescribing of medication in hospitals is rarely an error-free process, prescribers receive little feedback on their mistakes and ways to change future practices. Audit and feedback interventions may be an effective approach to modifying the clinical practice of health professionals, but these may pose logistical challenges when used in hospitals. Moreover, such interventions are often labor intensive. Consequently, there is a need to develop effective and innovative interventions to overcome these challenges and to improve the delivery of feedback on prescribing...
August 1, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746240/-does-the-organization-of-plastic-surgery-units-into-independent-departments-affect-academic-productivity
#7
Scott N Loewenstein, Stephen Duquette, Nakul Valsangkar, Umakanth Avula, Neha Lad, Juan Socas, Roberto L Flores, Rajiv Sood, Leonidas G Koniaris
BACKGROUND: There is an increased push for plastic surgery units in the United States to become independent departments administered autonomously rather than as divisions of a multispecialty surgery department. The purpose of this research was to determine if there are any quantifiable differences in the academic performance of departments versus divisions. METHODS: Using a list of the plastic surgery units affiliated with The American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons (ACAPS), unit websites were queried for departmental status and to obtain a list of affiliated faculty...
July 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716998/extended-training-to-prepare-gps-for-future-workforce-needs-a-qualitative-investigation-of-a-1-year-fellowship-in-urgent-care
#8
Jeremy Dale, Rachel Russell, Frances Harkness, Veronica Wilkie, Matthew Aiello
BACKGROUND: It has been argued that UK general practice specialist training should be extended to better prepare GPs for the challenges facing 21st-century health care. Evidence is needed to inform how this should occur. AIM: To investigate the experience of recently trained GPs undertaking a 1-year full-time fellowship programme designed to provide advanced skills training in urgent care, integrated care, leadership, and academic practice; and its impact on subsequent career development...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582986/reaching-national-consensus-on-the-core-clinical-skill-outcomes-for-family-medicine-postgraduate-training-programmes-in-south-africa
#9
Yusuf Akoojee, Robert Mash
BACKGROUND: Family physicians play a significant role in the district health system and need to be equipped with a broad range of clinical skills in order to meet the needs and expectations of the communities they serve. A previous study in 2007 reached national consensus on the clinical skills that should be taught in postgraduate family medicine training prior to the introduction of the new speciality. Since then, family physicians have been trained, employed and have gained experience of working in the district health services...
May 26, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439447/the-development-of-a-veterans-health-administration-emergency-management-research-agenda
#10
Aram Dobalian, Maria Claver, Deborah Riopelle, Tamar Wyte-Lake, Ismelda Canelo
INTRODUCTION: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA), the largest integrated healthcare delivery system in the United States, is charged with ensuring timely access to high-quality care for veterans during disasters, and supporting national, state, local, and tribal emergency management and homeland security efforts. In 2008, the VHA Office of Public Health (OPH) sponsored the first VHA Emergency Management Research Agenda-setting conference to develop research priorities that address the needs of veterans and to position VHA as a national leader in emergency management by having VHA serve as a "laboratory" for the development of evidence-based emergency management practices...
March 23, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395315/creating-a-future-for-occupational-health
#11
Trevor K Peckham, Marissa G Baker, Janice E Camp, Joel D Kaufman, Noah S Seixas
Objectives: Economic, social, technical, and political drivers are fundamentally changing the nature of work and work environments, with profound implications for the field of occupational health. Nevertheless, researchers and practitioners entering the field are largely being trained to assess and control exposures using approaches developed under old models of work and risks. Methods: A speaker series and symposium were organized to broadly explore current challenges and future directions for the occupational health field...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315665/physician-scientists-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-predictors-of-success-in-obtaining-independent-research%C3%A2-funding
#12
Ijeoma Okeigwe, Cynthia Wang, Joseph A Politch, Linda J Heffner, Wendy Kuohung
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology departments receive the smallest amount of National Institutes of Health research funding and have significantly lower application success rates compared to pediatric, internal medicine, and surgery departments. The development of mentored early career development training grants (K awards) has been one strategy implemented by the National Institutes of Health to help aspiring physician-scientists establish independent research careers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the cohort of obstetrics and gynecology physician-scientists who were K08, K12, and K23 recipients from 1988 through 2015 and to identify predictors of success in obtaining independent federal funding, as defined by acquisition of an R01, R21, R34, U01, U54, P01, or P50 award...
July 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300986/primary-health-care-quality-in-rocinha-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-from-the-perspective-of-children-caregivers-and-adult-users
#13
Luiz Felipe Pinto, Erno Harzheim, Lisiane Hauser, Otávio Pereira D'Avila, Marcelo Rodrigues Gonçalves, Paula Travassos, Renan Pessanha
This paper aims to evaluate the extent of PHC attributes, from the experience of users, both adults and children caregivers, comparing the area served by the health facilities of the district of Rocinha with other areas of health district 2.1 in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. The measuring tool used to evaluate the quality of services provided was the Primary Care Assessment Tools. A cross-sectional study was conducted, with independent random samples and 802 interviewees. Results indicate a better performance for children care when compared to adult care...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289014/addressing-the-crisis-of-gp-recruitment-and-retention-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Catherine Marchand, Stephen Peckham
BACKGROUND: The numbers of GPs and training places in general practice are declining, and retaining GPs in their practices is an increasing problem. AIM: To identify evidence on different approaches to retention and recruitment of GPs, such as intrinsic versus extrinsic motivational determinants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research using seven electronic databases from 1990 onwards (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Health Management Information Consortium [HMIC], Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), PsycINFO, and the Turning Research Into Practice [TRIP] database)...
April 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250907/the-impact-of-the-introduction-of-formalised-polypectomy-assessment-on-training-in-the-uk
#15
Kinesh Patel, Omar Faiz, Matt Rutter, Paul Dunckley, Siwan Thomas-Gibson
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the impact on polypectomy experience by the mandatory introduction of the Directly Observed Polypectomy Skills tool (DOPyS) and electronic portfolio as part of the formal colonoscopy certification process. DESIGN: Applications for colonoscopy certification in the UK in the year prior to the introduction of DOPyS were analysed retrospectively and compared with data collected prospectively for those in the following year. SETTING: UK National Health Service...
April 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215372/the-managing-epilepsy-well-network-advancing-epilepsy-self-management
#16
EDITORIAL
Martha Sajatovic, Barbara C Jobst, Ross Shegog, Yvan A Bamps, Charles E Begley, Robert T Fraser, Erica K Johnson, Dilip K Pandey, Rakale C Quarells, Peter Scal, Tanya M Spruill, Nancy J Thompson, Rosemarie Kobau
Epilepsy, a complex spectrum of disorders, affects about 2.9 million people in the U.S. Similar to other chronic disorders, people with epilepsy face challenges related to management of the disorder, its treatment, co-occurring depression, disability, social disadvantages, and stigma. Two national conferences on public health and epilepsy (1997, 2003) and a 2012 IOM report on the public health dimensions of epilepsy highlighted important knowledge gaps and emphasized the need for evidence-based, scalable epilepsy self-management programs...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152962/a-patient-centered-symptom-focused-qualified-clinical-data-registry-qcdr-as-a-framework-to-guide-quality-improvement
#17
Gail Mallory, Michele Galioto
253 Background: Clinically meaningful quality measures have been identified as a catalyst for healthcare improvement and better patient outcomes. Amidst rapidly changing quality reporting and re-imbursement schema, eligible providers struggle to choose a portfolio of measures across multiple registries that will demonstrate the value of their practice to consumers and payers. It is critical that a roadmap to quality improvement be evident to registry users. Utilizing the Model for Improvement developed by the Associates in Process Improvement and adapted to health care by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, a framework to guide performance improvement was developed and incorporated into an oncology specific QCDR for PQRS reporting...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071266/biogen-s-portfolio-and-research-efforts-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-interview-with-dr-ralph-kern
#18
Ralph Kern
Ralph Kern speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Ralph Kern is Senior Vice President and Head of Worldwide Medical at Biogen in Cambridge, MA, USA. In this role, he oversees Biogen's global therapeutic, regional and country medical teams, global medical operations, as well as medical research and scientific communications functions. Prior to joining Biogen, he was head of the Neuroscience Medical Unit at Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation and held various medical and commercial leadership roles at Genzyme Corporation...
February 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033063/the-nih-s-funding-to-us-dental-institutions-from-2005-to-2014
#19
C L Ferland, M O'Hayre, W M Knosp, C H Fox, D J Horsford
This study examines funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to US dental institutions between 2005 and 2014 based on publicly available data from the NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools. Over the 10-y span, 56 US dental institutions received approximately $2.2 billion from 20 Institutes, Centers, and Offices at the NIH. The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) is the largest NIH supporter of dental institutions, having invested 70% of the NIH total, about $1...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27985968/career-planning-for-the-non-clinical-workforce-an-opportunity-to-develop-a-sustainable-workforce-in-primary-care
#20
Jacqueline A Tavabie, Jacqueline M Simms
Many health and social care systems worldwide have been developing a variety of navigator and signposting roles to help patients negotiate care through increasingly complex systems and multiple provider agencies. This UK project aims to explore, through a combination of job description review and workshops of stakeholders, the common competencies and features of non-clinical roles. The information is collated to develop common job descriptions at four key levels. These form the basis for a career pathway supported by portfolio-based educational programmes, embracing Apprenticeship Training Programmes...
March 2017: Education for Primary Care
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