keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urinary tract infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224055/peri-operative-antibiotic-treatment-of-bacteriuria-reduces-early-deep-surgical-site-infections-in-geriatric-patients-with-proximal-femur-fracture
#1
Ronny Langenhan, Stefanie Bushuven, Niklas Reimers, Axel Probst
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to conduct a re-evaluation of current strategies for peri-operative prophylaxis of infections in orthopaedic surgery of geriatric patients (≥65 years) with proximal femoral fractures (PFF). METHODS: Between 01/2010 and 08/2014 all post-operative infections after stabilization of PFF of 1,089 geriatric patients were recorded retrospectively. All patients pre-operatively received a single dose of 1.5 g cefuroxime (group 1). These were compared to prospectively determined post-operative rates of surgical site infection (SSI) of 441 geriatric patients, which were operated on between 09/2014 and 03/2017 due to PFF...
December 9, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223546/sigmoidocolocystoplasty-for-neurogenic-bladder-reviewed-after-20-years
#2
Yutaka Hayashi, Emi Nishimura, Satoko Shimizu, Go Miyano, Manabu Okawada, Itsuro Nagae, Geoffrey J Lane, Kenji Katsumata, Atsuyuki Yamataka, Akihiko Tsuchida
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We report the current status of patients who underwent augmentation cystoplasty (AC) at least 20years previously. METHODS: Surgical history, incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) and bladder stones, vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), urine cytology, renal function, a colon cancer tumor marker (carcinoembryonic antigen: CEA), and patient outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Forty patients who underwent AC (mean age: 34.4years; mean follow-up time: 24...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223137/sysmex-uf-1000i-flow-cytometer-to-screen-urinary-tract-infections-the-uriscam-multicentre-study
#3
O Herráez, M A Asencio, R Carranza, M M Jarabo, M Huertas, O Redondo, A Arias, S Jiménez-Álvarez, S Solís, P Zamarrón, M S Illescas, M A Galán
The new Sysmex UF-1000i analyzer - which incorporates bacteria morphology distinction - allows to automatically screen samples to be cultured at microbiology laboratories. We have evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of Sysmex UF-1000i to screen urine tract infections (UTIs). A total amount of 2,468 urine samples from six Spanish hospitals were analysed. Demographic and clinical data such as age, gender, source and sample type, preserving conditions, cytometer parameters (bacteria, leucocytes, and bacteria morphology) as well as urine culture results (gold standard) were recorded...
December 9, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221618/commentary-to-urinary-tract-infection-in-children-diagnosis-treatment-imaging-comparison-of-current-guidelines
#4
Michael Erlano Chua, Martin A Koyle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221467/urothelial-cells-may-indicate-underlying-bacteriuria-in-pregnancy-at-term-a-comparative-study
#5
N Liou, J Currie, C James, J Malone-Lee, A L David
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection is common in pregnancy. Urine is sampled from by mid-stream collection (MSU). If epithelial cells are detected, contamination by vulvo-vagial skin and skin bacteria is assumed. Outside pregnancy, catheter specimen urine (CSU) is considered less susceptible to contamination. We compared MSU and CSU methods in term pregnancy to test these assumptions. METHODS: Healthy pregnant women at term gestation (n = 32, median gestation 38 + 6 weeks, IQR 37 + 6-39 + 2) undergoing elective caesarean section provided a MSU and CSU for paired comparison that were each analysed for bacterial growth and bladder distress by fresh microscopy, sediment culture and immunofluorescent staining...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219276/endourologic-strategies-for-a-minimally-invasive-management-of-urinary-tract-stones-in-patients-with-urinary-diversion
#6
FangLing Zhong, Gurioli Alberto, GuangMing Chen, Wei Zhu, FuCai Tang, Guohua Zeng, Ming Lei
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience in minimally invasive management of urinary tract stones in patients with urinary diversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 26 patients with urinary tract stones after cystectomy and urinary diversion. The types of urinary diversion were ileal conduit, colon conduit, ileal orthotopic neobladder in 19, 4, and 3 patients, respectively. At postoperative days 2, a plain KUB and urinary ultrasonography were performed in order to assess stone fragmentation or hydronephrosis...
December 11, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217114/identification-of-bacterial-uropathogens-by-preparative-isoelectric-focusing-and-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry
#7
Jiří Šalplachta, Marie Horká, Filip Růžička, Karel Šlais
This study describes a new method for simultaneous identification of uropathogens in the case of polybacterial urinary tract infections. The method utilizes recently developed preparative isoelectric focusing (IEF) in cellulose-based separation medium with a subsequent analysis by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Preparative IEF was successfully used for both purification and separation of bacteria, Escherichia coli (pI 4.6) and Staphylococcus aureus (pI 3...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216181/case-report-a-rare-case-of-urinary-myiasis-induced-by-the-fourth-instar-larvae-of-telmatoscopus-albipunctatus
#8
Beibei Zhang, Lifu Wang, Jiahua Liu, Lian Xu, Langui Song, Xiaoying Wu, Xi Sun, Zhongdao Wu
Telmatoscopus albipunctatus, a cosmopolitan fly, is widely distributed throughout moist environments. It is one of the most medically important insects (especially in urban environments) that may potentially cause myiasis. Urinary myiasis and other sites of infestation, including the intestine, nasal passages, lung, and derma, have been reported. This is the first case report of a Chinese middlescent woman infected with T. albipunctatus in Guangzhou, China. In the present report, a 50-year-old woman came to The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China, because larvae were found when urinating in the morning; this had occurred every two days within the past two months...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215477/prophylactic-ureteral-catheters-for-colectomy-a-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-based-analysis
#9
Kathleen M Coakley, Kevin R Kasten, Stephanie M Sims, Tanushree Prasad, B Todd Heniford, Bradley R Davis
BACKGROUND: Despite improvement in technique and technology, using prophylactic ureteral catheters to avoid iatrogenic ureteral injury during colectomy remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes and costs attributable to prophylactic ureteral catheters with colectomy. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a single tertiary care center. PATIENTS: The colectomy-targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2012 to 2014 was queried...
January 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215338/evaluation-of-antimicrobial-durability-and-anti-biofilm-effects-in-urinary-catheters-against-enterococcus-faecalis-clinical-isolates-and-reference-strains
#10
Didem Kart, Ayşe Semra Kustimur, Meral Sağıroğlu, Ayşe Kalkancı
BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans biofilms are major causes of catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Antimicrobial-coated or impregnated urinary catheters are seen as a possible way to prevent these infections. AIMS: To determine the biofilm-forming ability of 89 E. faecalis isolates from urinary tract infections and to compare several urinary catheters for antimicrobial durability and the inhibitory effects on biofilm formation of different laboratory strains and clinical isolates of E...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215189/dapagliflozin-as-add-on-therapy-in-asian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-inadequately-controlled-on-insulin-%C3%A2-oral-antihyperglycemic-drugs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Wenying Yang, Jianhua Ma, Yiming Li, Yanbing Li, Zhiguang Zhou, Jae Hyeon Kim, June Zhao, Agata Ptaszynska
BACKGROUND: This 24-week, phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled study (NCT02096705) assessed the safety and efficacy of dapagliflozin as add-on to insulin ± oral antihyperglycemic drugs (OADs) in Asian patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Patients (adults; HbA1c ≥7.5-≤10.5%; body mass index ≤45 kg/m2 ; insulin dose ≥20 IU daily) were randomized to dapagliflozin 10 mg (N=139) or placebo (N=133) to assess the 24-week change in HbA1c (primary outcome), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body weight, total daily dose of insulin (TDDI), and seated systolic blood pressure (SeSBP; exploratory outcome)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213337/effectiveness-of-long-term-treatment-with-sglt2-inhibitors-real-world-evidence-from-a-specialized-diabetes-center
#12
Yotsapon Thewjitcharoen, Nalin Yenseung, Areeya Malidaeng, Soontaree Nakasatien, Phawinpon Chotwanvirat, Sirinate Krittiyawong, Ekgaluck Wanothayaroj, Thep Himathongkam
Background: Diabetes is a progressive disease needing multiple drugs for achieving and maintaining good glycemic control. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) is a novel class of anti-diabetic agent which offers several beneficial effects. However, the long-term effectiveness in clinical practice and safety data of SGLT2 inhibitors is limited, especially in Asian patients. To better understand the effectiveness of SGLT2i in clinical practice, we conducted a retrospective evaluation of patients with diabetes on SGLT2i...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212999/-a-case-of-hyperammonemia-resulting-from-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-urease-producing-bacteria-in-a-parkinson-s-disease-patient-with-drug-induced-urinary-retention
#13
Masahiro Yasunishi, Akihiro Koumura, Yuichi Hayashi, Shohei Nishida, Takashi Inuzuka
A 71-year-old woman with a 9-year history of Parkinson's disease was admitted to our hospital emergently because of consciousness disturbance. Her consciousness level was 200 on the Japan coma scale (JCS), and she presented with tenderness and distension of the lower abdomen. Brain computed tomography showed normal findings. Blood tests showed an increased ammonia level (209 μg/dl) with normal AST and ALT levels. We catheterized the bladder for urinary retention. Five hours after admission, the blood ammonia level decreased to 38 μg/dl, and her consciousness level improved dramatically...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211983/how-and-why-chaperone-usher-pilus-rods-stretch
#14
Hye-Jeong Yeo
Type 1 and P pili are important virulence factors of uropathogenic Escherichia coli, the leading cause of urinary tract infections. In this issue of Structure, Hospenthal et al. (2017) describe a near-atomic resolution cryo-EM structure of the type 1 pilus rod, providing molecular insights into rod uncoiling in two pili.
December 5, 2017: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211055/urinary-c-megalin-for-screening-of-renal-scarring-in-children-after-febrile-urinary-tract-infection
#15
Sohsaku Yamanouchi, Takahisa Kimata, Jiro Kino, Tetsuya Kitao, Chikushi Suruda, Shoji Tsuji, Hiroyuki Kurosawa, Yoshiaki Hirayama, Akihiko Saito, Kazunari Kaneko
BackgroundFebrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) in children may cause renal scarring. This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of urinary biomarkers for diagnosing renal scarring after fUTI.MethodsThirty-seven children (median age: 1.36 years, range: 0.52-12.17 years, 25 boys) with a history of fUTI, who underwent renal scintigraphy for 4 months or longer after the last episode of fUTI, were analyzed. A spot urine sample was obtained on the day of renal scintigraphy to measure levels of total protein, N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), β2-microglobulin (BMG), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP), and C-megalin (full-length megalin)...
December 6, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211040/promoting-long-term-health-among-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-what-s-new
#16
Mary Ann McColl, Shikha Gupta, Karen Smith, Alexander McColl
A key ingredient to successful health promotion is a primary care provider who can offer an informed first response to lifestyle issues, emerging problems and chronic challenges. This article aims to assist family physicians to play their role in promoting the health of people with SCI, by summarizing the latest evidence in the management of spinal cord injury in primary care. This study used a scoping review methodology to survey peer-reviewed journal articles and clinical guidelines published between January 2012 to June 2016...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210602/assessment-of-the-comparability-of-clsi-eucast-and-stokes-antimicrobial-susceptibility-profiles-for-escherichia-coli-uropathogenic-isolates
#17
C O'Halloran, N Walsh, M C O'Grady, L Barry, C Hooton, G D Corcoran, B Lucey
BACKGROUND: As many clinical laboratories convert between Stokes, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) and European Committee for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) methods, the problem of comparing differently derived sets of antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) data with each other arises, owing to a scarcity of knowledge of inter-method comparability. The purpose of the current study was to determine the comparability of CLSI, EUCAST and Stokes AST methods for determining susceptibility of uropathogenic Escherichia coli to ampicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, trimethoprim, cephradine/cephalexin, ciprofloxacin and nitrofurantoin...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209595/antimicrobial-resistance-of-hypervirulent-klebsiella-pneumoniae-epidemiology-hypervirulence-associated-determinants-and-resistance-mechanisms
#18
REVIEW
Chang-Ro Lee, Jung Hun Lee, Kwang Seung Park, Jeong Ho Jeon, Young Bae Kim, Chang-Jun Cha, Byeong Chul Jeong, Sang Hee Lee
Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the most clinically relevant species in immunocompromised individuals responsible for community-acquired and nosocomial infections, including pneumonias, urinary tract infections, bacteremias, and liver abscesses. Since the mid-1980s, hypervirulent K. pneumoniae, generally associated with the hypermucoviscosity phenotype, has emerged as a clinically significant pathogen responsible for serious disseminated infections, such as pyogenic liver abscesses, osteomyelitis, and endophthalmitis, in a generally younger and healthier population...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208876/disease-pattern-among-children-attending-pediatric-outpatient-department-in-community-based-medical-college-hospital-bangladesh
#19
M Begum, M K Khan, M T Hossain, M Y Ali, F S Alam, S S Dipu, A H Hasan, M Nasrin
Disease pattern is based on socio-demographic characteristics, comprehensive health care services, and environmental variables like water supply, basic sanitation and housing, illness behavior like quick decision to arrive at health care facility, and treatment behavior like the modality of treatment they receive. The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during the period of January 2014 to December 2015. The study was carried out among 310 purposively selected children attended at Pediatric Outpatient department of Community Based Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208204/durable-renal-response-after-combination-of-bortezomib-corticosteroids-rituximab-and-plasmapheresis-for-late-antibody-mediated-renal-transplant-rejection%C3%A2
#20
Yanli Ding, Jean Francis, Amitabh Gautam, Linda Pelletier, Vaishali Sanchorawala, Karen Quillen
Late occurrence of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR), defined as occurring 6 months after transplantation, is associated with poor renal allograft survival, compared to early acute AMR and acute cellular rejection. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib has multiple immunomodulatory effects on plasma cells, the source of donor-specific HLA antibodies which mediate AMR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who presented with biopsy-proven AMR and donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) at a single institution between July 2011 and February 2015 were included...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
keyword
keyword
3798
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"