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Urinary tract infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655388/the-prevalence-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-mainland-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Jiancong Wang, Fangfei Liu, Ermira Tartari, Jianan Huang, Stephan Harbarth, Didier Pittet, Walter Zingg
OBJECTIVETo assess the prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in mainland China.DESIGNSystematic review and meta-analysis.SETTINGAdults and children from secondary and tertiary acute-care hospitals in mainland China.METHODSWe searched PubMed, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wan Fang for multicenter point-prevalence surveys of acute-care hospitals in mainland China from January 2006 to August 2016. All reports related to HAI, using a point-prevalence methodology and published either in English or Chinese were eligible...
April 15, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653162/inconsistency-in-the-definition-of-urinary-tract-infection-after-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-a-systematic-review
#2
Andrew W Stamm, Sarah A Adelstein, Andrew Chen, Alvaro Lucioni, Kathleen C Kobashi, Una J Lee
PURPOSE: In order to more accurately examine the rate of urinary tract infection following onabotulinumtoxinA injection of the bladder, we systematically reviewed the literature for definitions of urinary tract infection utilized in series that reported on onabotulinumtoxinA injections and assessed them for consistency with guideline statements defining urinary tract infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed via query using MEDLINE and EMBASE...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652969/-molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-pattern-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-as-cause-of-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infection
#3
Mario Galindo-Méndez
Background Community acquired urinary tract infections (CaUTI) caused by strains of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) - producing Escherichia coli, mainly by strains carrying the blaCTX-M-15 gene, is a growing phenomenon worldwide. Aim To determine the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of ESBL-producing E. coli as cause of CaUTI and to identify their molecular pattern. Methods A descriptive study was performed in the city of Oaxaca, Mexico, from where 288 strains of CaUTI-producing strains of E. coli in adults with possible UTI were isolated...
2018: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652864/honey-bee-as-alternative-medicine-to-treat-eleven-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-causing-urinary-tract-infection-during-pregnancy
#4
Mabrouka Bouacha, Hayette Ayed, Nedjoud Grara
Medicinal benefits of honey bee have been recognized in the medical community since ancient times as a remedy for many diseases and infections. This study aimed to investigate the in vitro susceptibility of 11 multidrug-resistant bacterial strains, isolated from urinary tract infections of pregnant women, to six honey samples collected from different localities in the east of Algeria. The evaluation of the antibacterial activity was performed by the well method followed by the broth dilution method using two-fold dilutions of each honey sample ranging from 2...
April 13, 2018: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652785/clinical-prediction-rule-for-heterotopic-ossification-of-the-hip-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Eduardo M Suero, Mustafa Citak
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; clinical prediction rule. OBJECTIVE: To construct and internally validate a clinical prediction rule to identify patients at high risk of developing heterotopic ossification (HO) after spinal cord injury (SCI). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: HO after SCI can lead to loss of joint mobility, loss of function, peripheral nerve entrapment, and pressure sores. HO is usually diagnosed based on clinical symptoms, as no laboratory tests are yet available to identify patients with early HO formation...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652735/nursing-sensitive-outcomes-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-nationwide-study
#6
Lene Odgaard, Lena Aadal, Marianne Eskildsen, Ingrid Poulsen
BACKGROUND: Complications such as infections and conditions after immobilization are frequent after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) due to compromised bodily functions. Traditionally, bodily functions are core elements in nursing, and therefore nurses in the rehabilitation departments are pivotal in the prevention of complications. Hence, the frequency of complications is an indicator of nursing care quality, which can be included in nursing-sensitive outcome indicators. To do so, it is necessary to know the frequency of the selected complications...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652493/reprogramming-probiotic-lactobacillus-reuteri-as-a-biosensor-for-staphylococcus-aureus-derived-aip-i-detection
#7
David Lubkowicz, Chun Loong Ho, In Young Hwang, Wen Shan Yew, Yung Seng Lee, Matthew Wook Chang
Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus infection that results in pneumonia, urinary tract infection, and in severe cases, sepsis, has recently been classified as a serious threat to public health. Rapid and cost-effective detection of these infections are costly and time-consuming. Here, we present probiotic lactic acid bacteria engineered to detect autoinducer peptide-I (AIP-I), a quorum sensing molecule produced by Staphylococcus sp. during pathogenesis. We achieved this by adapting the well-characterized agr quorum sensing ( agrQS) from Staphylococcus aureus into Lactobacillus reuteri...
April 13, 2018: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651616/significant-increase-in-cultivation-of-gardnerella-vaginalis-alloscardovia-omnicolens-actinotignum-schaalii-and-actinomyces-spp-in-urine-samples-with-total-laboratory-automation
#8
Sabrina Klein, Dennis Nurjadi, Susanne Horner, Klaus Heeg, Stefan Zimmermann, Irene Burckhardt
While total laboratory automation (TLA) is well established in laboratory medicine, only a few microbiological laboratories are using TLA systems. Especially in terms of speed and accuracy, working with TLA is expected to be superior to conventional microbiology. We compared in total 35,564 microbiological urine cultures with and without incubation and processing with BD Kiestra TLA for a 6-month period each retrospectively. Sixteen thousand three hundred thirty-eight urine samples were analyzed in the pre-TLA period and 19,226 with TLA...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650139/follow-up-management-of-cystectomy-patients
#9
REVIEW
Madhumitha Reddy, Karim Kader
Bladder cancer is the sixth leading cancer in the United States. Radical cystectomy is a lifesaving procedure for bladder cancer with or without muscle invasion. Radical cystectomy is performed on 39% of these patients, and 35% will have a life-threatening recurrence. Distant metastases are the most common; local, upper tract, and urethral recurrence can also occur. Surveillance after cystectomy is critical to diagnosing recurrence early. Functional complications after urinary diversion include bowel dysfunction, vitamin B12 deficiency, acidosis, electrolyte abnormalities, osteopenia, nephrolithiasis, urinary tract infections, renal functional decline, and urinary obstruction, which can be reversed when diagnosed early...
May 2018: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649830/healthcare-associated-infections-after-lower-urinary-tract-endoscopic-surgery-analysis-of-risk-factors-associated-microorganisms-and-patterns-of-antibiotic-resistance
#10
Raquel Sopeña-Sutil, José Medina-Polo, Juan Justo-Quintas, Javier Gil-Moradillo, Lucia Garcia-Gonzalez, Raúl Benítez-Sala, Manuel Alonso-Isa, Alba Lara-Isla, Angel Tejido-Sanchez
OBJECTIVES: To review the incidence of healthcare-associated infections/urinary tract infection (UTI), risk factors, microorganisms isolated and antibiotic resistances in patients who underwent lower urinary tract endoscopic surgery (LUTES) in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out including 1,498 patients who undergo LUTES. Patients with and without UTI after surgery were compared. We analysed infection incidence, risk factors, microorganisms isolated and antibiotic resistances...
April 12, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649808/treatment-of-complicated-urinary-tract-infections-in-individuals-with-chronic-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-are-antibiotics-mandatory
#11
Jürgen Pannek, Susanne Pannek-Rademacher, Jens Wöllner
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTI) in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) are defined as complicated UTI requiring antibiotic treatment. As the emergence of multiresistant strains is a serious problem, we assessed the feasibility of nonantibiotic treatment of UTI in patients with NLUTD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective study evaluating the usefulness of UTI prophylaxis, participants could opt for either antibiotic or nonantibiotic treatment of breakthrough UTI...
April 12, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649610/evaluating-the-effect-of-growing-patient-numbers-and-changing-data-elements-in-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-nsqip-database-over-the-years-a-study-of-posterior-lumbar-fusion-outcomes
#12
B N Shultz, P Bovonratwet, N T Ondeck, T D Ottesen, R P McLynn, J N Grauer
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The use of national databases in spinal surgery outcomes research is increasing. A number of variables collected by the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) changed between 2010 and 2011, coinciding with a rapid increase in the number of patients included per year. However, there has been limited study evaluating the effect that these changes may have on the results of outcomes studies. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of changing data elements and growth of the NSQIP database on results of lumbar fusion outcomes studies...
April 9, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649605/fluoroquinolones-for-urinary-tract-infection-and-within-household-spread-of-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-the-smoking-gun
#13
Barbara W Trautner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649596/population-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-fosfomycin-in-non-critically-ill-patients-with-bacteremic-urinary-infection-caused-by-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli
#14
Vicente Merino-Bohorquez, Fernando Docobo-Pérez, Jesús Sojo, Isabel Morales, Carmen Lupión, Dolores Martín, Manuel Cameán, William Hope, Álvaro Pascual, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
The aim of the present study was to describe the population pharmacokinetics of fosfomycin for patients with bacteraemic urinary tract infection (B-UTI). The analysis identified optimal regimens, based on pharmacodynamic targets and assessed the adequacy of CLSI and EUCAST susceptibility breakpoints for Escherchia coli. MethodsSixteen patients with B-UTI caused by multidrug-resistant E. coli, (FOREST clinical trial) received intravenous fosfomycin (4g/Q6h) were analysed. A population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed, and Monte Carlo simulations were undertaken using 4g/Q6h or 8g/Q8h...
April 9, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649541/efficacy-and-safety-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-moderate-renal-function-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Lin Zhang, Mei Zhang, Qingguo Lv, Nanwei Tong
AIMS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and moderate renal function impairment. METHODS: Embase, Medline, and Cochrane Central were searched, and randomized controlled trials comparing SGLT2 inhibitors to placebos and other drugs for T2D were collected. RESULTS: Seven RCTs with a total of 3,307 participants were included, and the overall bias was low...
April 9, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649268/a-case-control-study-of-lower-urinary-tract-infections-associated-antibiotics-and-the-risk-of-developing-prostate-cancer-using-pcbase-3-0
#16
Beth Russell, Hans Garmo, Kerri Beckmann, Pär Stattin, Jan Adolfsson, Mieke Van Hemelrijck
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between lower urinary-tract infections, their associated antibiotics and the subsequent risk of developing PCa. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS (OR MATERIALS) AND METHODS: Using data from the Swedish PCBaSe 3.0, we performed a matched case-control study (8762 cases and 43806 controls). Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between lower urinary-tract infections, related antibiotics and PCa, whilst adjusting for civil status, education, Charlson Comorbidity Index and time between lower urinary-tract infection and PCa diagnosis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649079/in-search-of-mobile-applications-for-urogynecology-providers
#17
Shannon L Wallace, Shailja Mehta, Sara Farag, Robert S Kelley, Katherine T Chen
INTRODUCTION: Thousands of medical applications (apps) are available for mobile devices. Finding accurate, health care provider-centered apps may be time consuming and frustrating for urogynecologists. The objective of this study was to identify and evaluate urogynecology (urogyn) apps using a modified APPLICATIONS scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urogyn apps were identified from the Apple iTunes and Google Play Stores using the following 10 MeSH terms: urogynecology, incontinence, prolapse, urinary tract infection, pelvic surgery, fecal incontinence, defecation disorder, voiding disorder, urethral diverticulum, and fistula...
April 11, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649026/evidence-review-conducted-for-the-agency-for-healthcare-research-and-quality-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery-focus-on-anesthesiology-for-colorectal-surgery
#18
Kristen A Ban, Melinda M Gibbons, Clifford Y Ko, Elizabeth C Wick, Maxime Cannesson, Michael J Scott, Michael C Grant, Christopher L Wu
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, in partnership with the American College of Surgeons and the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, has developed the Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery (ISCR), which is a national effort to disseminate best practices in perioperative care to more than 750 hospitals across multiple procedures in the next 5 years. The program will integrate evidence-based processes central to enhanced recovery and prevention of surgical site infection, venous thromboembolic events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections with socioadaptive interventions to improve surgical outcomes, patient experience, and perioperative safety culture...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648649/infectious-inflammatory-and-autoimmune-male-factor-infertility-how-do-rodent-models-inform-clinical-practice
#19
Monika Fijak, Adrian Pilatz, Mark P Hedger, Nour Nicolas, Sudhanshu Bhushan, Vera Michel, Kenneth S K Tung, Hans-Christian Schuppe, Andreas Meinhardt
BACKGROUND: Infection and inflammation of the reproductive tract are significant causes of male factor infertility. Ascending infections caused by sexually transmitted bacteria or urinary tract pathogens represent the most frequent aetiology of epididymo-orchitis, but viral, haematogenous dissemination is also a contributory factor. Limitations in adequate diagnosis and therapy reflect an obvious need for further understanding of human epididymal and testicular immunopathologies and their contribution to infertility...
April 10, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643881/urinary-tract-infections-in-the-geriatric-patients
#20
Yesim Alpay, Nevil Aykin, Pinar Korkmaz, Hakki Mustafa Gulduren, Figen Cevik Caglan
Objective: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the second most common infection in geriatric population. This study investigated clinical findings, diagnostic approaches, complicating factors, prognosis, causative microorganisms and antimicrobial susceptibility in geriatric patients diagnosed with UTI. Methods: A total of 140 hospitalised patients with UTIs were evaluated within three years between January 2011-January 2015 at the Eskisehir Yunus Emre State Hospital...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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