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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439682/cancer-induced-bone-pain-management-through-buddhist-beliefs
#1
Fung Kei Cheng
Dealing with physical pain represents a huge public health expenditure, especially for cancer-induced bone pain, one of the most difficult health issues, which impairs appetite, sleep, and mobility, negatively impacting quality of life and evoking mental problems. Although some literature has reported positive correlation between religion and pain management, there is a dearth of research examining the effectiveness of Buddhism on this topic. This study investigates the usefulness of Buddhist beliefs in managing cancer-induced bone pain through a case example...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437818/-towards-a-rehabilitation-and-participation-oriented-psychotherapy
#2
Beate Muschalla, Jürgen Bengel, Matthias Morfeld, Ulrike Worringen
Mental disorders (such as recurrent mood disorders, personality disorders, or psychotic disorders) come along with enduring impairment in daily life activities. Therefore psychotherapeutic actions in inpatient or outpatient settings require a life-span and participation-oriented treatment perspective. Participation-oriented treatment aims at social and vocational integration in general life despite enduringly recurring or resting symptoms. According to the model of health problems offered by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, ICF (WHO, 2001), disability can be defined as context-dependent activity impairment due to illness...
April 24, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437059/psychotic-and-bipolar-disorders-bipolar-disorder
#3
Sarah D Holder
Bipolar disorder is a severe chronic mental illness that affects a large number of individuals. This disorder is separated into two major types, bipolar I disorder, with mania and typically recurrent depression, and bipolar II disorder, with recurrent major depression and hypomania. Patients with bipolar disorder spend the majority of time experiencing depression, and this typically is the presenting symptom. Because outcomes are improved with earlier diagnosis and treatment, physicians should maintain a high index of suspicion for bipolar disorder...
April 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437056/psychotic-and-bipolar-disorders-schizophrenia
#4
Alaina L Edmunds
Schizophrenia is the most common psychotic illness, typically appearing between the late teenage years and the mid-30s. The first episode of psychosis may be preceded by a prodromal period. Schizophrenia symptoms fall into six common symptom clusters: delusions and hallucinations, disorganization of speech, cognitive dysfunction, negative symptoms, affective symptoms, and motor system abnormalities. The diagnosis is based on criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, including exclusion of other possible medical or psychiatric etiologies of psychosis...
April 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436193/association-between-using-medications-with-anticholinergic-properties-and-short-term-cognitive-decline-among-older-men-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#5
Yi-Hui Wu, Chih-Jen Wang, Cheng-Hao Hung, Liang-Yu Chen, Ming-Hsien Lin, Pei-Ning Wang, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: The use of anticholinergic drugs had been strongly linked to adverse health outcomes among older adults, especially in cognitive impairment or dementia. The present study aimed to evaluate the cognitive decline related to the use of anticholinergic drugs among older men living in the veterans' homes in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was a substudy of The Longitudinal Older Veterans study. A total of 274 residents living in four Taiwan veterans' homes and receiving two consecutive Mini-Mental State Examinations within the interval of 6 months from January 2012 to December 2014 were enrolled in the present study...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435753/does-hawai-i-have-enough-psychiatrists-assessing-mental-health-workforce-versus-demand-in-the-aloha-state
#6
Alexandra Aaronson, Kelley Withy
National data reports the number of adults with any diagnosable mental disorder within a given year is nearly 1 in 5. Hawai'i, along with the rest of the nation, faces a serious shortage of mental health providers. This article describes the research undertaken to create a more accurate assessment of the current mental health provider workforce in Hawai'i through developing an estimation strategy to appraise local mental health workforce needs. The results indicate the supply of psychiatrists for Hawai'i's 2010 census population was found to be 161...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434016/chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-mood-disturbance
#7
S E Erskine, C Hopkins, A Clark, S Anari, A Robertson, S Sunkaraneni, J A Wilson, J Beezhold, C M Philpott
BACKGROUND: This study is part of the Chronic Rhinosinusitis Epidemiology Study (CRES). The overarching aim is to determine factors that influence the onset and severity of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The aim of this analysis is to determine whether those with CRS are more likely to report psychiatric morbidity and in particular mood disturbance compared with healthy controls. METHODS: CRES consists of a study-specific questionnaire regarding demographic and socioeconomic factors and past medical history as well as a nasal symptom score (SNOT-22) and SF-36 (QoL - quality of life tool)...
April 23, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431745/mental-health-care-in-athens-are-compulsory-admissions-in-greece-a-one-way-road
#8
Stelios Stylianidis, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Nektarios Drakonakis, Athanasios Douzenis, Aimilia Panagou, Kyriaki Tsikou, Amalia Pantazi, Yannis Rizavas, Benedetto Saraceno
Involuntary hospitalization has long been a contentious issue worldwide. In Greece, the frequency of compulsory admissions is assumed to be alarmingly high; however, no study has systematically investigated this issue. In line with this, the present study aims to estimate the frequency of compulsory admissions in a psychiatric hospital and to explore its underpinnings. All individuals who were admitted to the Psychiatric Hospital of Attica during June-October 2011 were included into the study. Information about their socio-demographic and clinical characteristics as well as their previous contact with mental health services was obtained from interviewing the patient and his/her physician...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430573/roles-of-physicians-and-health-care-systems-in-difficult-clinical-encounters
#9
Elizabeth S Goldsmith, Erin E Krebs
Physicians are, by definition, contributing partners in "difficult" patient-physician encounters. Although research on relevant physician qualities is limited, common themes mirror the more extensive literature on physician burnout. Focusing on primary care, we discuss physician-level factors in difficult encounters related to psychosocial attitudes and self-awareness, communication skills, and practice environments. Potential approaches to mitigating these factors include changes to medical training, such as structured peer case discussion groups and communication skills development, and changes to workplace environments, such as integrated mental health...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426367/child-and-adolescent-emergency-and-urgent-mental-health-delivery-through-telepsychiatry-12-month-prospective-study
#10
Nasreen Roberts, Tina Hu, Nicholas Axas, Leanne Repetti
BACKGROUND: The significant gap between children and adolescents presenting for emergency mental healthcare and the shortage of child and adolescent psychiatrists constitutes a major barrier to timely access for psychiatric assessment for rural and remote areas. Unlike remote areas, urban emergency departments have in-house psychiatric consultation. Telepsychiatry may be a solution to ensure the same service for remote areas. However, there is a paucity of studies on the use of telepsychiatry for child and adolescent emergency consults...
April 20, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407747/antipsychotic-prescribing-for-vulnerable-populations-a-clinical-audit-at-an-acute-australian-mental-health-unit-at-two-time-points
#11
Sara S McMillan, Sara Jacobs, Louise Wilson, Theo Theodoros, Gail Robinson, Claire Anderson, Gabor Mihala, Amanda J Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics are recognised as a critical intervention for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Guidelines globally endorse the routine practice of antipsychotic monotherapy, at the minimum effective dose. Even in treatment-resistant schizophrenia, clozapine use is endorsed before combining antipsychotics. This aim of this study was to review antipsychotic polytherapy alone, high-dose therapy alone, polytherapy and high-dose prescribing patterns in adults discharged from an inpatient mental health unit at two time-points, and the alignment of this prescribing with clinical guideline recommendations...
April 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403765/the-australasian-society-for-infectious-diseases-and-refugee-health-network-of-australia-recommendations-for-health-assessment-for-people-from-refugee-like-backgrounds-an-abridged-outline
#12
Nadia J Chaves, Georgia A Paxton, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Aesen Thambiran, Joanne Gardiner, Jan Williams, Mitchell M Smith, Joshua S Davis
In 2009, the Australasian Society of Infectious Diseases published guidelines on the post-arrival health assessment of recently arrived refugees. Since then, the number of refugees and asylum seekers reaching Australia has increased substantially (17 555 refugees in 2015-16) and the countries of origin have changed. These groups are likely to have had poor access to health care pre-arrival and, consequently, are at risk of a range of chronic and infectious diseases. We established an advisory group that included infectious diseases physicians, general practitioners, public health specialists, paediatricians and refugee health nurses to update the 2009 guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401134/preconsult-interactive-computer-assisted-client-assessment-survey-for-common-mental-disorders-in-a-community-health-centre-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Farah Ahmad, Wendy Lou, Yogendra Shakya, Liane Ginsburg, Peggy T Ng, Meb Rashid, Serban Dinca-Panaitescu, Cliff Ledwos, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Access disparities for mental health care exist for vulnerable ethnocultural and immigrant groups. Community health centres that serve these groups could be supported further by interactive, computer-based, self-assessments. METHODS: An interactive computer-assisted client assessment survey (iCCAS) tool was developed for preconsult assessment of common mental disorders (using the Patient Health Questionnaire [PHQ-9], Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item [GAD-7] scale, Primary Care Post-traumatic Stress Disorder [PTSD-PC] screen and CAGE [concern/cut-down, anger, guilt and eye-opener] questionnaire), with point-of-care reports...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399958/the-immigrant-effect-factors-impacting-use-of-primary-and-emergency-department-care-a-canadian-population-cross-sectional-study
#14
Robert Ohle, Helena Bleeker, Krishan Yadav, Jeffrey J Perry
OBJECTIVE: In 2011, Canada had a foreign-born population of approximately 6,775,800. They represented 20.6% of the total population. Immigrants possess characteristics that reduce the use of primary care. This is thought to be, in part, due to a lower education level, employment, and better health status. Our objective was to assess whether, in an immigrant population without a primary care physician, similar socioeconomic factors would also reduce the likelihood of using the emergency department compared to a non-immigrant population without primary care...
April 12, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397575/physical-and-psychological-morbidities-among-selected-antenatal-females-in-kegalle-district-of-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
I N S Herath, A Balasuriya, S Sivayogan
While motherhood is often a positive and satisfying experience, for some women, it is linked with suffering and ill-health. A woman should be able to feel physically and mentally content during pregnancy. Discomforts in pregnancy may be considered as insignificant by the physician. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine physical and psychological morbidities among primigravid antenatal females in the Kegalle District, Sri Lanka. A sample of 1017 second and third trimester primigravid antenatal females selected by a two-stage probability proportional to size cluster sampling method, were assessed for physical and psychological problems...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396111/mental-health-services-claims-and-adult-onset-asthma-in-ontario-canada
#16
Teresa To, Kandace Ryckman, Jingqin Zhu, Devon Williams, Laura Y Feldman, Kristian Larsen, Andrea Gershon
BACKGROUND: Living with asthma is associated with a decrease in quality of life due to reductions in activities of daily living and increased psychological stress, both of which are associated with poor mental health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the burden of mental disorders on the adult asthma population and compare the risk of mental health services claims (MHSCs) in the 1 year before and 1 year after asthma diagnosis. METHODS: Ontario residents aged 25 to 65 years with incident physician-diagnosed asthma between April 1, 2005, and March 31, 2012, were included...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394225/outcomes-of-neuropsychiatric-events-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-based-on-clinical-phenotypes-prospective-data-from-the-leiden-np-sle-cohort
#17
C Magro-Checa, L J J Beaart-van de Voorde, H A M Middelkoop, M L Dane, N J van der Wee, M A van Buchem, T W J Huizinga, G M Steup-Beekman
Objective The objective of this study was to assess whether clinical and patient's reported outcomes are associated with a different pathophysiological origin of neuropsychiatric events presenting in systemic lupus erythematosus. Methods A total of 232 neuropsychiatric events presenting in 131 systemic lupus erythematosus patients were included. Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosis was established per event by multidisciplinary evaluation. All neuropsychiatric events were divided according to a suspected underlying pathophysiological process into one of the following: non-neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus related, inflammatory and ischaemic neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus...
April 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394104/socio-cultural-effects-on-mental-health-and-common-chronic-diseases-in-primary-care-patients-in-east-and-west-mostar-bosnia-and-herzegovina-preliminary-results
#18
Ivan Vasilj, Marina Vasilj, Branka Aukst Margetić, Ivo Curić, Belma Sarić, Marko Martinac, Dragan Babić, Milenko Bevanda
Since war activities, the previously mixed population of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, live in segregated parts of the town based on ethnicity. The aim of this study was to examine differences in health risks and health status between populations of the two parts of the town. Health status of 300 randomly selected primary care patients was evaluated by practicing family physicians in two main primary care centers in West and East Mostar. Each group consisted of 150 patients. Data were collected between December 2013 and May 2014...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393128/prevalence-and-predictors-of-mental-health-among-farmworkers-in-southeastern-anatolia-of-turkey
#19
Zeynep Simsek, Ayşana Zehra Keklik, Canan Demir, Kerim M Munir
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems represent a major component of the global burden of disease. The primary objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and predictors of psychological wellbeing among farmworkers and to evaluate their mental health services need for in rural primary health care settings. METHODS: The study sample comprised 1855 farmworkers (918 women, and 937 men) who were selected using probability cluster sampling method at 95% confidence interval (87...
January 2017: Int J Environ Agric Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392674/interventions-to-improve-the-response-of-professionals-to-children-exposed-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-a-systematic-review
#20
William Turner, Marianne Hester, Jonathan Broad, Eszter Szilassy, Gene Feder, Jessica Drinkwater, Adam Firth, Nicky Stanley
Exposure of children to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a form of child maltreatment with short- and long-term behavioural and mental health impact. Health care professionals are generally uncertain about how to respond to domestic violence and are particularly unclear about best practice with regards to children's exposure and their role in a multiagency response. In this systematic review, we report educational and structural or whole-system interventions that aim to improve professionals' understanding of, and response to, DVA survivors and their children...
January 2017: Child Abuse Review
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