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Physician mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527678/patient-reported-quality-of-life-after-endovascular-repair-of-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#1
Andrew J Meltzer, Peter H Connolly, Sharif Ellozy, Darren B Schneider
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess patient-reported physical and emotional well-being during follow-up after endovascular repair of TAAA. METHODS: All patients were treated in the context of a physician-sponsored investigational device exemption clinical study for patients at high risk for open TAAA repair. The SF-36 instrument was administered preoperatively, and at 1, 6, and 12 months. Results were analyzed using paired t-tests, with sub-group comparisons to assess impact of adverse events and technical results on quality of life...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520706/quickstats-percentage-of-adults-aged-%C3%A2-65-years-who-saw-selected-types-of-health-professionals-%C3%A2-in-the-past-12-months-by-diagnosed-diabetes-status-%C3%A2-national-health-interview-survey-2015
#2
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, adults aged ≥65 years with diagnosed diabetes were more likely than adults without diagnosed diabetes to report seeing general doctors (92.3% compared with 86.7%); eye doctors (66.9% compared with 56.6%); physician specialists (51.5% compared with 45.5%); foot doctors (29.9% compared with 13.0%) and mental health professionals (6.3% compared with 4.5%) in the past 12 months. Those with diabetes were less likely than those without diabetes to report seeing a dentist or dental hygienist in the past 12 months (54...
May 19, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514230/causes-of-death-of-residents-in-acgme-accredited-programs-2000-through-2014-implications-for-the-learning-environment
#3
Nicholas A Yaghmour, Timothy P Brigham, Thomas Richter, Rebecca S Miller, Ingrid Philibert, DeWitt C Baldwin, Thomas J Nasca
PURPOSE: To systematically study the number of U.S. resident deaths from all causes, including suicide. METHOD: The more than 9,900 programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) annually report the status of residents. The authors aggregated ACGME data on 381,614 residents in training during years 2000 through 2014. Names of residents reported as deceased were submitted to the National Death Index to learn causes of death...
May 9, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512360/bullying-behavior-and-mental-health-in-healthcare-and-educational-sectors-in-kaunas-lithuania
#4
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene, Palmira Leisyte
BACKGROUND: Investigations on workplace bullying in the countries of Eastern Europe are yet not too extensive. The aim of the study has been to identify the most frequent bullying behavior and to explore the associations with psychological distress and post-traumatic stress symptoms in 3 female-dominated occupations in Kaunas, Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This crosssectional study employed 517 teachers (response rate (RR) = 71.3%), 174 family physicians (RR = 65...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511141/the-co-occurrence-of-depressive-symptoms-and-cognitive-impairment-and-its-relationship-with-self-care-behaviors-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-diabetes
#5
Chia-Lin Li, Yi-Chen Chiu, Yuh-Bin Bai, Jen-Der Lin, Fiona Stanaway, Hsing-Yi Chang
AIMS: The aims of the present study were to investigate the co-occurrence of depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment in community dwelling older adults with diabetes and its relationship with specific diabetes self-care behaviors. METHODS: We analyzed data from two national samples of older adults (65years or older) with self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes (N=1034), who participated in the 2005 or 2009 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to assess cognitive function...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510467/association-between-physicians-adherence-to-a-pharmacotherapy-guideline-and-continuity-of-care-for-patients-with-depression-and-or-anxiety-disorder
#6
Elham Heidari, Saeid Eslami, Farid Abolhassani, Vandad Sharifi, Zhila Taherzadeh, Tahoura Daneshvar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the paper is to investigate the association between physicians' adherence to a pharmacotherapy guideline and continuity of care for patients with depressive and/or anxiety disorders in a collaborative care program. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted using medical records of subjects suffering from depression and/or anxiety disorder visited by 26 general practitioners (GP) working with  Community Mental Health Center (CMHC), who run a collaborative care program in Tehran, Iran...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509838/long-term-effect-of-a-stigma-reduction-educational-intervention-for-physician-assistants
#7
Kathleen Crapanzano, Richard J Vath
PURPOSE: Stigma towards people with substance use disorders is a common phenomenon with far reaching effects. This study evaluated the long-term effect of using an educational intervention on the attitudes of physician assistant students. METHODS: Physician assistant students received a one-week educational intervention focused on substance abuse. Changes in student attitudes were measured one year later using the Attitude to Mental Health Questionnaire (AMIQ). RESULTS: Significant and sustained improvement was noted in attitudes in the AMIQ score for the opiate use disorder vignette; no significant change was noted in the alcohol use disorder vignette...
June 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505323/the-perception-of-spiritual-health-differences-between-citizens-and-physicians-in-the-czech-republic
#8
Ivo Jirásek, Emanuel Hurych
This paper focuses on a phenomenon known as spiritual health. Although the scientific literature defines the concept of this health component (in relation to other dimensions, i.e. physical, mental and social health), there is no agreement concerning its relation to religiousness. The aim of this research is to find out the views of citizens (n = 1810) and physicians (n = 1200) in the Czech Republic on the potential dimension of health in its spiritual mode, and on the understanding of its content by those who acknowledge its existence...
May 15, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504976/ce-antipsychotic-medications
#9
Donna Sabella
An evidence-based review of the mechanisms of action, adverse effects, and contraindications of these commonly used drugs. ABSTRACT: Antipsychotic medications are primarily used to manage various symptoms of psychosis. In recent years, more adults-and teenagers-are taking at least one type of psychotropic medication, the majority of which are prescribed by primary care and family physicians. Because nurses are now caring for people of varying ages, and with varying diagnoses, who are taking these types of medications, they need to develop a working knowledge of the agents available and know when it's appropriate to prescribe them for mental health disorders as well as for disorders unrelated to mental health...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503458/quality-of-life-and-awareness-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-in-people-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#10
Sehi Kweon, Min Kyun Sohn, Jin Ok Jeong, Soojae Kim, Hyunkyu Jeon, Hyewon Lee, Seung-Chan Ahn, Soo Ho Park, Sungju Jee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the level of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), life satisfaction, and their present awareness of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program in people with cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was completed by 53 patients (mean age, 65.7±11.6 years; 33 men and 20 women) with unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or heart failure. The questionnaire included the Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36), life domain satisfaction measure (LDSM), and the awareness and degree of using CR program...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494791/a-cohort-study-examining-emergency-department-visits-and-hospital-admissions-among-people-who-use-drugs-in-ottawa-canada
#11
Claire E Kendall, Lisa M Boucher, Amy E Mark, Alana Martin, Zack Marshall, Rob Boyd, Pam Oickle, Nicola Diliso, Dave Pineau, Brad Renaud, Tiffany Rose, Sean LeBlanc, Mark Tyndall, Olivia M Lee, Ahmed M Bayoumi
BACKGROUND: The health of people who use drugs (PWUD) is characterized by multimorbidity and chronicity of health conditions, necessitating an understanding of their health care utilization. The objective of this study was to evaluate emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions among a cohort of PWUD. METHODS: We used a retrospective observational design between 2012 and 2013. The population was a marginalized cohort of PWUD (the PROUD study) for whom survey data was linked (n = 663) to provincial health administrative data housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493659/self-management-of-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorders-through-physical-activity-exercise
#12
Louise Pelletier, Shamila Shanmugasegaram, Scott B Patten, Alain Demers
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity/exercise is regarded as an important self-management strategy for individuals with mental illness. The purpose of this study was to describe individuals with mood and/or anxiety disorders who were exercising or engaging in physical activity to help manage their disorders versus those who were not, and the facilitators for and barriers to engaging in physical activity/exercise. METHODS: For this study, we used data from the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada-Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component...
May 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492205/the-identification-and-grading-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-tinea-capitis-in-primary-school-children-in-a-semi-urban-area-of-rivers-state-nigeria
#13
Agnes E Fienemika, Chukwuma U Okeafor
INTRODUCTION: Tinea capitis is a fungal skin disease, which is not life-threatening but could affect the psychosocial life of those suffering from it. Thus, this study sought to identify and grade the psychosocial impact related to Tinea capitis in primary school children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving primary school children in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State. These children had been clinically diagnosed with Tinea capitis...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488884/evaluation-of-a-novel-risk-assessment-method-for-self-harm-associated-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#14
Sathya Rao, Jillian H Broadbear, Katherine Thompson, Anna Correia, Martin Preston, Paul Katz, Robert Trett
OBJECTIVES: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with frequent self-harm and suicidal behaviours. This study compared physician-assessed self-harm risk and intervention choice according to a (i) standard risk assessment and (ii) BPD-specific risk assessment methods. METHODS: Forty-five junior and senior mental health physicians were assigned to standard or BPD-specific risk training groups. The assessment utilized a BPD case vignette containing four scenarios describing high/low lethality self-harm and chronic/new patterns of self-harm behaviour...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486877/effects-of-the-mental-health-parity-and-addictions-equality-act-on-depression-treatment-choice-in-primary-care-facilities
#15
Daniel M Goldberg, Hsien-Chang Lin
Objective The Mental Health Parity and Addictions Equality Act (MHPAEA) of 2010 in the United States sought to expand mental health insurance benefits on par with medical benefits. As primary care facilities are often the first step in identifying mental health concerns, it is essential to examine the association of this policy with primary care physicians' choice on depression treatment. Method A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2007-2012 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, including a weighted total of 162,699,930 depression patients...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485714/portugal-health-system-review
#16
Jorge de Almeida Simoes, Goncalo Figueiredo Augusto, Ines Fronteira, Cristina Hernandez-Quevedo
This analysis of the Portuguese health system reviews recent developments in organization and governance, health financing, health care provision, health reforms and health system performance. Overall health indicators such as life expectancy at birth and at age 65 years have shown a notable improvement over the last decades. However, these improvements have not been followed at the same pace by other important dimensions of health: child poverty and its consequences, mental health and quality of life after 65...
March 2017: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483889/bridging-the-gaps-between-patients-and-primary-care-in-china-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#17
William C W Wong, Sunfang Jiang, Jason J Ong, Minghui Peng, Eric Wan, Shanzhu Zhu, Cindy L K Lam, Michael R Kidd, Martin Roland
PURPOSE: China introduced a national policy of developing primary care in 2009, establishing 8,669 community health centers (CHCs) by 2014 that employed more than 300,000 staff. These facilities have been underused, however, because of public mistrust of physicians and overreliance on specialist care. METHODS: We selected a stratified random sample of CHCs throughout China based on geographic distribution and urban-suburban ratios between September and December 2015...
May 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481380/factors-for-and-against-establishing-and-working-in-private-practice-correlated-with-work-related-behavior-and-experience-patterns-of-ferman-physicians-in-schleswig-holstein-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#18
Edgar Voltmer, Claudia Spahn, Erica Frank
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors in favor of or against establishing and working in private practice, to determine the quality of life and work-related behavior and experience patterns of German physicians working in private practice, and to analyze the correlation of those factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A representative sample of physicians in private practice in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, was surveyed according to a 2-year longitudinal design (T1 - 2008, N = 549 and T2 - 2010, N = 414)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479416/validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-brief-pain-inventory-bpi-p-in-chronic-pain-patients
#19
Hossein Majedi, S Sharareh Dehghani, Saeed Soleyman-Jahi, S Ali Emami Meibodi, S Mohammad Mireskandari, Marzieh Hajiaghababaei, Abbas Tafakhori, Tito R Mendoza, Charles S Cleeland
CONTEXT: Chronic pain needs to be evaluated with a standard instrument. The Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) is a pain assessment tool which has been validated in many languages. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to develop the Persian version of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI-P) and also to evaluate the psychometric properties of the BPI-P in the Iranian population. METHODS: The BPI-P was translated from the original version of BPI using standard procedure...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475675/primary-care-physicians-use-of-the-proposed-classification-of-common-mental-disorders-for-icd-11
#20
David P Goldberg, Tai-Pong Lam, Fareed Minhas, Bushra Razzaque, Rebeca Robles, Julio Bobes, Celso Iglesias, Sandra Fortes, Jair de Jesus Mari, Linda Gask, José Ángel García, Anthony C Dowell, Marianne Rosendal, Geoffrey M Reed
Background.: The World Health Organization is revising the classification of common mental disorders in primary care for ICD-11. Major changes from the ICD-10 primary care version have been proposed for: (i) mood and anxiety disorders; and (ii) presentations of multiple somatic symptoms (bodily stress syndrome). This three-part field study explored the implementation of the revised classification by primary care physicians (PCPs) in five countries. Methods.: Participating PCPs in Brazil, China, Mexico, Pakistan and Spain were asked to use the revised classification, first in patients that they suspected might be psychologically distressed (Part 1), and second in patients with multiple somatic symptoms causing distress or disability not wholly attributable to a known physical pathology, or with high levels of health anxiety (Part 2)...
May 4, 2017: Family Practice
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