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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343067/reading-problems-and-major-mental-disorders-co-occurrences-and-familial-overlaps-in-a-swedish-nationwide-cohort
#1
Martin Cederlöf, Barbara Maughan, Henrik Larsson, Brian M D'Onofrio, Robert Plomin
Reading problems often co-occur with ADHD and conduct disorder. However, the patterns of co-occurrence and familial overlap between reading problems and other psychiatric disorders have not been systematically explored. We conducted a register-based cohort study including 8719 individuals with reading problems and their siblings, along with matched comparison individuals. Conditional logistic regressions estimated risks for ADHD, autism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, substance use disorder, and violent/non-violent criminality in individuals with reading problems and their siblings...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342622/an-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-burnout-socio-demographic-and-workplace-factors-and-job-satisfaction-among-emergency-department-health-professionals
#2
Menderes Tarcan, Neşet Hikmet, Benjamin Schooley, Mehmet Top, Gamze Yorgancıoglu Tarcan
INTRODUCTION: Burnout among emergency medical practitioners and personnel negatively affects career satisfaction and job performance and can lead to mental health issues, including anxiety, depression, and suicide. PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between the perceptions of burnout and job satisfaction of those working in two different hospital's emergency departments assessing the effect of burnout dimensions and additional factors (age, position, marital status, annual income, employment type, gender, patient encounters, and household economic well-being) on job satisfaction...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340193/addressing-structural-barriers-to-hiv-care-among-triply-diagnosed-adults-project-bridge-oakland
#3
Christina Powers, Megan Comfort, Andrea M Lopez, Alex H Kral, Owen Murdoch, Jennifer Lorvick
People who are "triply diagnosed" with HIV, mental health issues, and substance-related disorders face tremendous barriers connecting to and remaining in HIV care. Authors of this article implemented Project Bridge Oakland (PBO), an intervention based on harm reduction and trauma-informed care, to help maintain continuity of care for triply diagnosed adults through cycles of criminal justice involvement. From August 2011 to December 2014, a clinical social worker and an HIV physician provided intensive case management for 19 clients living in Oakland, California...
March 14, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338353/the-burden-of-familial-chylomicronemia-syndrome-interim-results-from-the-in-focus-study
#4
Michael Davidson, Michael Stevenson, Andrew Hsieh, Zahid Ahmad, Caroline Crowson, Joseph L Witztum
BACKGROUND: Familial Chylomicronemia Syndrome (FCS) is a rare genetic disorder that is caused by a decrease or an absence of lipoprotein lipase activity. FCS is characterized by marked accumulation of chylomicrons and extreme hypertriglyceridemia, which have major effects on both physical and mental health. To date, there have been no systematic efforts to characterize the impact of chylomicronemia on FCS patients' lives. In particular, the impact of FCS on the burden of illness (BoI) and quality of life (QoL) has not been fully described in the literature...
March 24, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333511/does-impaired-mental-health-interfere-with-the-outcome-of-brief-alcohol-intervention-at-general-hospitals
#5
Sophie Baumann, Beate Gaertner, Katja Haberecht, Christian Meyer, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test whether the efficacy of in-person and computer delivered brief alcohol intervention (BAI) is moderated by mental health status. METHOD: General hospital inpatients with at-risk alcohol use aged 18 to 64 years (N = 961, 75% men) were allocated to in-person BAI, computer-based BAI, and assessment only. In-person BAI contained counseling by research staff. Computer-based BAI contained computer-generated individualized feedback letters...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331751/subcutaneous-oleomas-following-sunflower-oil-injection-a-novel-case-and-review-of-literature
#6
Özgür Sarıca, Arda Kayhan, Hüseyin Cengiz Demirkürek, Ayşenur Akyıldız İğdem
Liquid foreign material injection has been used as an early medical intervention since the end of nineteenth century for the augmentation of body shape. Nowadays, these types of procedures have been abandoned by health professionals due to late onset of serious complications. However, it is still misused by some subcultures such as bodybuilders, passive homosexuals, transsexuals, and patients with mental illness. This article discusses a male patient who injected himself with a large amount of sunflower oil, which became complicated by an inflammatory response-abscess formation and sclerosing lipogranuloma of breasts...
July 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326860/latvian-family-physicians-experience-diagnosing-depression-in-somatically-presenting-depression-patients-a-qualitative-study
#7
Maija S Leff, Jeļena Vrubļevska, Agita Lūse, Elmārs Rancāns
BACKGROUND: Depression continues to be under-diagnosed in primary care settings. One factor that influences physicians' likelihood of diagnosing depression is patients' presentation style. Patients who initially present with somatic symptoms are diagnosed at a lower rate and with greater delay than patients who present with psychosocial complaints. OBJECTIVES: To identify the barriers preventing depression diagnosis in somatically presenting patients in an Eastern European primary care setting...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320433/association-of-the-lupus-low-disease-activity-state-lldas-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-multinational-prospective-study
#8
Vera Golder, Rangi Kandane-Rathnayake, Alberta Yik-Bun Hoi, Molla Huq, Worawit Louthrenoo, Yuan An, Zhan Guo Li, Shue Fen Luo, Sargunan Sockalingam, Chak Sing Lau, Mo Yin Mok, Aisha Lateef, Kate Franklyn, Susan Morton, Sandra Teresa V Navarra, Leonid Zamora, Yeong-Jian Wu, Laniyati Hamijoyo, Madelynn Chan, Sean O'Neill, Fiona Goldblatt, Mandana Nikpour, Eric Francis Morand
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with significant impairment of health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). Recently, meeting a definition of a lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS), analogous to low disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis, was preliminarily validated as associated with protection from damage accrual. The LLDAS definition has not been previously evaluated for association with patient-reported outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether LLDAS is associated with better HR-QoL, and examine predictors of HR-QoL, in a large multiethnic, multinational cohort of patients with SLE...
March 20, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320380/loneliness-in-the-general-population-prevalence-determinants-and-relations-to-mental-health
#9
Manfred E Beutel, Eva M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Iris Reiner, Claus Jünger, Matthias Michal, Jörg Wiltink, Philipp S Wild, Thomas Münzel, Karl J Lackner, Ana N Tibubos
BACKGROUND: While loneliness has been regarded as a risk to mental and physical health, there is a lack of current community data covering a broad age range. This study used a large and representative German adult sample to investigate loneliness. METHODS: Baseline data of the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) collected between April 2007 and April 2012 (N = 15,010; 35-74 years), were analyzed. Recruitment for the community-based, prospective, observational cohort study was performed in equal strata for gender, residence and age decades...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318540/physical-and-mental-health-of-children-with-substantiated-sexual-abuse-gender-comparisons-from-a-matched-control-cohort-study
#10
Isabelle Daigneault, Pascale Vézina-Gagnon, Catherine Bourgeois, Tonino Esposito, Martine Hébert
When compared to children from the general population, sexually abused children receive more medical services, both for physical and mental health problems. However, possible differences between sexually abused boys and girls remain unknown. The lack of control group in studies that find gender differences also prevents from determining if the differences are specific to sexual abuse or to gender. The objective of the study was to assess differences in physical and mental health between sexually abused boys and girls in comparison to those from the general population...
March 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302595/behavioral-indicators-on-a-mobile-sensing-platform-predict-clinically-validated-psychiatric-symptoms-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#11
Skyler Place, Danielle Blanch-Hartigan, Channah Rubin, Cristina Gorrostieta, Caroline Mead, John Kane, Brian P Marx, Joshua Feast, Thilo Deckersbach, Alex Sandy Pentland, Andrew Nierenberg, Ali Azarbayejani
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need for real-time tracking of behavioral indicators of mental disorders. Mobile sensing platforms that objectively and noninvasively collect, store, and analyze behavioral indicators have not yet been clinically validated or scalable. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to report on models of clinical symptoms for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression derived from a scalable mobile sensing platform. METHODS: A total of 73 participants (67% [49/73] male, 48% [35/73] non-Hispanic white, 33% [24/73] veteran status) who reported at least one symptom of PTSD or depression completed a 12-week field trial...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300988/-mental-health-in-general-family-medicine-obstacles-and-expectations-perceived-by-family-physicians
#12
Liliana Fernandes, Nuno Basílio, Sofia Figueira, José Mendes Nunes
This study seeks to understand the difficulties experienced by family physicians (FP) in the management of mental disorders (MD) and their proposals to improve the quality of care. It is qualitative study with semi-structured interviews with ten family physicians. These were recorded, transcribed and their content analyzed. Eight thematic categories were identified: perceived working conditions and available resources; perceived level of training in mental health; therapies used for treatment of MD; mental health instruments used in consultation; MD addressed in Primary Health Care (PHC) and referral to hospitals; patient's reaction to referral; articulation of PHC with hospitals; proposals to improve mental health care in PHC...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296623/medicalizing-the-opioid-epidemic-in-the-u-s-in-the-era-of-health-care-reform
#13
David E Smith
The medicalization of the current opioid epidemic in the era of health care reform and parity, and its possible dismantling, poses many challenges. Between 2002 and 2013, drug overdose rates quadrupled. Parallel to an increase in prescription opioid overdose, heroin overdose deaths are increasing as patients shift to cheaper and more accessible heroin from the prescription opioids which physicians are prescribing less often due to increasing regulatory restrictions, as well as enhanced education and awareness...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290645/preventive-health-care-for-women-who-have-sex-with-women
#14
Daniel A Knight, Diane Jarrett
Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who have sex with women may be at disproportionate risk of obesity, tobacco use, substance use, mental health issues, intimate partner violence, sexually transmitted infections, and some cancers. Disparities can exist throughout the lifetime...
March 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281097/factors-in-maintaining-a-stable-patient-physician-relationship-among-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#15
Hsin-Hui Huang, Chuan-Yu Chen, Jen-Huoy Tsay, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang
This study aimed to determine whether adequate continuity of care (COC) existed among individuals with schizophrenia, and what the associated determinants were. The National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan was used to identify individuals with newly diagnosed schizophrenia from 2000 to 2009. Two outcome indicators were first derived to conduct the continuity assessment based on the usual provider continuity (UPC) index and the continuity of care index (COCI). The average scores of the UPC and COCI were 0...
March 9, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279638/which-pediatricians-comanage-mental-health-conditions
#16
Cori Green, Amy Storfer-Isser, Ruth E K Stein, Andrew S Garner, Bonnie D Kerker, Moira Szilagyi, Karen G O'Connor, Kimberly E Hoagwood, Sarah M Horwitz
OBJECTIVE: Given the prevalence of mental health (MH) conditions (MHC) in children, pediatricians should initiate treatment alone or in collaboration with a specialist for children with MHC. However, the majority of pediatricians do not manage or comanage common MHC even with an on-site MH provider. We examined which physician, practice, and training characteristics are associated with pediatricians' comanaging at least half of their patients with MHC. METHODS: We analyzed responses of general pediatricians (n = 305) from the American Academy of Pediatrics 2013 Periodic Survey...
March 6, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278448/screening-for-anxiety-depression-and-anxious-depression-in-primary-care-a-field-study-for-icd-11-phc
#17
David P Goldberg, Geoffrey M Reed, Rebeca Robles, Fareed Minhas, Bushra Razzaque, Sandra Fortes, Jair de Jesus Mari, Tai Pong Lam, José Ángel Garcia, Linda Gask, Anthony C Dowell, Marianne Rosendal, Joseph K Mbatia, Shekhar Saxena
BACKGROUND: In this field study of WHO's revised classification of mental disorders for primary care settings, the ICD-11 PHC, we tested the usefulness of two five-item screening scales for anxiety and depression to be administered in primary care settings. METHODS: The study was conducted in primary care settings in four large middle-income countries. Primary care physicians (PCPs) referred individuals who they suspected might be psychologically distressed to the study...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271392/labelling-of-mental-illness-in-a%C3%A2-paediatric-emergency-department-and-its-implications-for-stigma-reduction-education
#18
Javeed Sukhera, Kristina Miller, Alexandra Milne, Christina Scerbo, Rodrick Lim, Alicia Cooper, Chris Watling
INTRODUCTION: Stigmatizing attitudes and behaviours towards patients with mental illness have negative consequences on their health. Despite research regarding educational and social contact-based interventions to reduce stigma, there are limitations to the success of these interventions for individuals with deeply held stigmatizing beliefs. Our study sought to better understand the process of implicit mental illness stigma in the setting of a paediatric emergency department to inform the design of future educational interventions...
March 7, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264949/outcomes-for-high-needs-patients-practices-with-a-higher-proportion-of-these-patients-have-an-edge
#19
Dori A Cross, Genna R Cohen, Christy Harris Lemak, Julia Adler-Milstein
High-value primary care for high-needs patients-those with multiple physical, mental, or behavioral health conditions-is critical to improving health system performance. However, little is known about what types of physician practices perform best for high-needs patients. We examined two scale-related characteristics that could predict how well physician practices delivered care to this population: the proportion of patients in the practice that were high-needs and practice size (number of physicians). Using four years of data on commercially insured, high-needs patients in Michigan primary care practices, we found lower spending and utilization among practices with a higher proportion of high-needs patients (more than 10 percent of the practice's panel) compared to practices with smaller proportions...
March 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261340/integrative-oncology-physician-consultations-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center-analysis-of-demographic-clinical-and-patient-reported-outcomes
#20
Gabriel Lopez, Jennifer McQuade, Lorenzo Cohen, Jane T Williams, Amy R Spelman, Bryan Fellman, Yisheng Li, Eduardo Bruera, Richard T Lee
Background: Integrative oncology (IO) is a relatively new field that seeks to bring evidence-based, non-conventional approaches into conventional oncology care in a coordinated and safe manner. Though complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are highly utilized by cancer patients, little is known about the characteristics of patients seeking IO consultation. Methods: Patients presenting for an outpatient IO consultation completed a CAM use questionnaire, Measure Yourself Concerns and Wellbeing (MYCaW), Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS), Quality of Life Short Form 12 (SF-12), and post-consultation satisfaction item...
2017: Journal of Cancer
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