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second life training in nursing

Vincent Dj-P Dubois, Andrew Bastawrous
BACKGROUND: Cataract is the leading cause of world blindness. The only available treatment for cataract is surgery. Surgery requires highly-trained individuals with expensive operating facilities. Where these are not available, patients go untreated. A form of treatment that did not involve surgery would be a useful alternative for people with symptomatic cataract who are unable or unwilling to undergo surgery. If an eye drop existed that could reverse or even prevent progression of cataract, then this would be a useful additional treatment option...
February 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mara Paneroni, Carla Simonelli, Michele Vitacca, Nicolino Ambrosino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise training in patients with very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases using the following as search terms: COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Exercise, and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of subjects with forced expiratory volume in the first second of less than 35% of the predicted normal value enrolled in in-patient, outpatient, or home- or community-based training programs lasting at least 4 weeks with respect to usual care...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Judith Dm Vloothuis, Marijn Mulder, Janne M Veerbeek, Manin Konijnenbelt, Johanna Ma Visser-Meily, Johannes Cf Ket, Gert Kwakkel, Erwin Eh van Wegen
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of long-term disability in adults. Several systematic reviews have shown that a higher intensity of training can lead to better functional outcomes after stroke. Currently, the resources in inpatient settings are not always sufficient and innovative methods are necessary to meet these recommendations without increasing healthcare costs. A resource efficient method to augment intensity of training could be to involve caregivers in exercise training. A caregiver-mediated exercise programme has the potential to improve outcomes in terms of body function, activities, and participation in people with stroke...
December 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Doris Y P Leung, Eliza M L Wong, Aileen W K Chan, Yong Zhao, Janet W H Sit
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of stroke is common and it affects quality of life, mobility, and mortality rates of stroke survivors. Previous studies have shown a paradoxical association between body mass index (BMI) and post-stroke mortality, and a dose-dependent association between second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure and risk of stroke. But the associations between BMI, SHS exposure, and stroke recurrence are unclear. We aimed to examine these associations in stroke survivors. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was done in Xi'an, Shantou, and Chongqing...
October 2016: Lancet
Coleen Ranaghan, Kathleen Boyle, Maureen Meehan, Shadiatu Moustapha, Patrice Fraser, Catherine Concert
BACKGROUND: One approach to overcoming healthcare system barriers and facilitating timely access to quality care and patient satisfaction is with a patient navigator. A patient navigator is a trained person who individually assists patients, families and caregivers navigate the healthcare system barriers efficiently and effectively at any point along the care continuum, improving patient care at all levels of an organization. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of a patient navigator on patient satisfaction in adult patients 18 years and older in ambulatory care settings...
August 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Helen Laura Cameron-Tucker, Richard Wood-Baker, Lyn Joseph, Julia A Walters, Natalie Schüz, E Haydn Walters
PURPOSE: With the limited reach of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and low levels of daily physical activity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a need exists to increase daily exercise. This study evaluated telephone health-mentoring targeting home-based walking (tele-rehab) compared to usual waiting time (usual care) followed by group PR. PATIENTS AND METHODS: People with COPD were randomized to tele-rehab (intervention) or usual care (controls). Tele-rehab delivered by trained nurse health-mentors supported participants' home-based walking over 8-12 weeks...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Louise Whitticase, Gemma Holder, Matt Cawsey, Alison Bedford-Russell
AIM: To compare continuous intravenous infusions of vancomycin in achieving desired therapeutic plasma concentrations against an intermittent bolus regimen. METHOD: Data were collected for all babies who received a continuous infusion of vancomycin on our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) between October 2014 and March 2015. The regimen is based on that of another hospital (Hospital A) and comprised of a loading dose of 15 mg/kg over 1 hour followed by a continuous infusion of 20-50 mg/kg/day according to creatinine and corrected gestational age (CGA)...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Gauravi A Mishra, Sharmila A Pimple, Surendra S Shastri
Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women globally and the second most common cancer among Indian women. India alone bears 23% of the global cervical cancer burden. In India, population-based cervical cancer screening is largely nonexistent in most regions due to competing healthcare priorities, insufficient financial resources and a limited number of trained providers. Hence, most of the cases present in advanced stages of the disease, thus leading to increased mortality and reduced survival...
2016: Oncology
Floortje K Ploos van Amstel, Judith B Prins, Winette T A van der Graaf, Marlies E W J Peters, Petronella B Ottevanger
BACKGROUND: Distress in patients with cancer influences their quality of life. Worldwide, screening on distress with the Distress Thermometer (DT) in patients with cancer is recommended. However, the effects of the use of the DT on the psychosocial wellbeing of the patient are unknown. A study to assess the psychosocial consequences of the systematic use of the DT and its discussion by a nurse as compared to the usual care provided to outpatients who are treated for primary breast cancer is needed...
July 25, 2016: BMC Cancer
Linda Hafskjold, Tom Eide, Inger K Holmström, Vibeke Sundling, Sandra van Dulmen, Hilde Eide
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about how older persons in home care express their concerns. Emotional cues and concerns can be identified by the Verona coding definitions of emotional sequences (VR-CoDES), but the method gives no insight into what causes the distress and the emotions involved. The aims of this study are to explore (1) older persons' worries and (2) the content of these expressions. METHODS: An observational exploratory two-step approach was used to investigate audiotaped recordings from 38 Norwegian home care visits with older persons and nurse assistants...
July 12, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Ruth Everett-Thomas, Mercedes Yero-Aguayo, Beatriz Valdes, Guillermo Valdes, Ilya Shekhter, Lisa F Rosen, David J Birnbach
The American Heart Association's (AHA) recommendation for biyearly recertification and annual mandatory CPR training may be suboptimal for first responders (nurses and technicians) working in outpatient clinics (American Heart Association, 2013). To determine the efficacy of the AHA guidelines, 40 simulated sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) encounters were conducted followed by debriefing and a subsequent SCA to determine a basic level of CPR proficiency. First responders' CPR skills were evaluated using a 19-item assessment form to quantify the event...
July 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Christine Olsen, Ingeborg Pedersen, Astrid Bergland, Marie-José Enders-Slegers, Nina Jøranson, Giovanna Calogiuri, Camilla Ihlebæk
BACKGROUND: Dementia often eventually leads to dependency on others and finally to residential care. However, in Norway about half of the dementia population lives at home, due to individual and political wishes. There is scarce and inconclusive knowledge of how living in a nursing home differs from living at home for persons with dementia (PWDs) with regard to their quality of life (QoL). The first aim of the study was therefore to compare QoL, cognitive and physical functions, social contacts, sleep patterns, physical activity levels, exposure to light, and medication of PWDs in nursing homes and home-dwelling PWDs, and whether living in nursing homes was associated with a lower QoL than living at home for PWDs...
July 11, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Su-Ching Sung, Huey-Hwa Jiang, Ru-Rong Chen, Jian-Kang Chao
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a sexual healthcare training programme for clinical nurses, with respect to knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy concerning sexual healthcare. BACKGROUND: Inadequate sexual healthcare can result in poor treatment and quality of life for patients. Few studies have examined the development of sexual healthcare and related interventions from nurses' perspectives. DESIGN: The study included two stages involving focus groups and a quasi-experimental design...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Mami Yasuda, Hisataka Sakakibara
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of care staff training based on person-centered care (PCC) and dementia care mapping (DCM) on the quality of life (QOL) of residents with dementia in a nursing home. METHODS: An intervention of staff training based on PCC and DCM was conducted with 40 care staff members at a geriatric nursing home. The effects of the staff training on the QOL of residents with dementia were evaluated by the DCM measurements of 40 residents with dementia three times at about one-month intervals (first, baseline; second, pre-intervention; third, post-intervention)...
June 1, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
María de la Concepción Reñones Crego, Dolores Fernández Pérez, Carmen Vena Fernández, Antonio Zamudio Sánchez
Cancer treatment is a major burden for the patient and its family that requires an individualized management by healthcare professionals. Nurses are in charge of coordinating care and are the closest healthcare professionals to patient and family; however, in Spain, there are not standard protocols yet for the management of oncology patients. The Spanish Oncology Nursing Society developed between 2012 and 2014 the SHARE project, with the aim of establishing strategies to improve quality of life and nursing care in oncology patients...
September 2016: Enfermería Clínica
Young Sook Roha, Eun Ju Lima, S Barry Issenberg
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the effectiveness of integrated simulation-based resuscitation skills training combined with a clinical practicum by assessing nursing students' knowledge, psychomotor skills, and self-efficacy. METHODS: In a pretest-posttest design, 255 second-year nursing students participated in an emergency nursing clinical course consisting of a two-hour simulation-based resuscitation skills training component along with an 80-hour clinical placement in an emergency department...
2016: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
Yeong Ah Kim, Jeong Sook Park
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to develop a program to help emergency nurses overcome compassion fatigue, and to analyze the effects of the program. METHODS: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. There were 14 participants in the experimental group and 18 subjects in the control group. The program was comprised of five, weekly 80-minute sessions including understanding and assessment of compassion fatigue, enhancing positive affect, balancing work-life, planning self care, training in relaxation techniques and cognitive restructuring, and getting social support...
April 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Fiona Campbell, Katie Biggs, Susie K Aldiss, Philip M O'Neill, Mark Clowes, Janet McDonagh, Alison While, Faith Gibson
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that the process of transition from paediatric (child) to adult health services is often associated with deterioration in the health of adolescents with chronic conditions.Transitional care is the term used to describe services that seek to bridge this care gap. It has been defined as 'the purposeful, planned movement of adolescents and young adults with chronic physical and medical conditions from child-centred to adult-oriented health care systems'. In order to develop appropriate services for adolescents, evidence of what works and what factors act as barriers and facilitators of effective interventions is needed...
April 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Francisco José Tarazona-Santabalbina, Mari Carmen Gómez-Cabrera, Pilar Pérez-Ros, Francisco Miguel Martínez-Arnau, Helena Cabo, Konstantina Tsaparas, Andrea Salvador-Pascual, Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas, José Viña
BACKGROUND: Frailty can be an important clinical target to reduce rates of disability. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain if a supervised-facility multicomponent exercise program (MEP) when performed by frail older persons can reverse frailty and improve functionality; cognitive, emotional, and social networking; as well as biological biomarkers of frailty, when compared with a controlled population that received no training. DESIGN: This is an interventional, controlled, simple randomized study...
May 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
R I G Holt, A Nicolucci, K Kovacs Burns, G Lucisano, S E Skovlund, A Forbes, S Kalra, E Menéndez Torre, N Munro, M Peyrot
AIMS: To assess the ways in which healthcare professionals address psychological problems of adults with diabetes in the second Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN2(™) ) study. METHODS: Approximately 120 primary care physicians, 80 diabetes specialists and 80 nurses and dietitians providing diabetes care participated in each of 17 countries (N=4785). Multiple regression analyses were used to evaluate independent statistically significant associations of respondent attributes concerning psychological care strategies, including assessment of diabetes impact on the patient's life, assessment of depression, provision of psychological assessment and support, and coordination with mental health professionals...
September 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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