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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393716/pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#1
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366140/-pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#2
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339950/improving-the-quality-of-radiological-examinations-effectiveness-of-an-internal-participatory-approach
#3
Francisco Manuel Batista Mamede, Zenewton André da Silva Gama, Pedro Jesus Saturno-Hernández
Quality problem or issue: To assess the quality of radiological examinations (REs) and to evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory continuous improvement approach to ensure best practices in a Portuguese hospital imaging department. Initial assessment: At baseline, we found 232 (10.2%) non-compliances, mostly related to the criteria image centering and framing in chest radiography (CXR), proper use of radiological protection equipment in other conventional RE (CR) and X-ray beam collimation (CXR/CR)...
March 2, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112553/development-and-validation-of-a-questionnaire-to-evaluate-infection-control-in-oral-radiology
#4
Eliana Dantas da Costa, Camila Pinelli, Elaine Pereira da Silva Tagliaferro, José Eduardo Corrente, Glaucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano
OBJECTIVE: To create and validate a questionnaire to evaluate infection control in oral radiology. METHODS: The questionnaire was developed after review of the literature, which included published papers and the biosafety protocols available from health care agencies. The initial version of the questionnaire was composed of 14 multiple choice questions and was divided into 3 domains on handwashing, disinfection/protection of surfaces, and disinfectant used. Content validity was assessed by two expert committees, which reviewed the content and scope of the questionnaire and the relevance of each item, respectively...
January 23, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081195/assessment-of-volumetric-versus-manual-measurement-in-disseminated-testicular-cancer-no-difference-in-assessment-between-non-radiologists-and-genitourinary-radiologist
#5
Çiğdem Öztürk, Ton Velleman, Alphons H H Bongaerts, L M Bergman, Robert J van Ginkel, Jourik A Gietema, Harald J Hoekstra
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and reproducibility of semi-automatic volumetric measurement of retroperitoneal lymph node metastases in testicular cancer (TC) patients treated with chemotherapy versus the standardized manual measurements based on RECIST criteria. METHODS: 21 TC patients with retroperitoneal lymph node metastases of testicular cancer were studied with a CT scan of chest and abdomen before and after cisplatin based chemotherapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040836/measurement-of-131-i-activity-in-thyroid-of-nuclear-medical-staff-and-internal-dose-assessment-in-a-polish-nuclear-medical-hospital
#6
K Brudecki, A Kowalska, P Zagrodzki, A Szczodry, T Mroz, P Janowski, J W Mietelski
This paper presents results of (131)I thyroid activity measurements in 30 members of the nuclear medicine personnel of the Department of Endocrinology and Nuclear Medicine Holy Cross Cancer Centre in Kielce, Poland. A whole-body spectrometer equipped with two semiconductor gamma radiation detectors served as the basic research instrument. In ten out of 30 examined staff members, the determined (131)I activity was found to be above the detection limit (DL = 5 Bq of (131)I in the thyroid). The measured activities ranged from (5 ± 2) Bq to (217 ± 56) Bq...
March 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999617/intraoperative-radiation-safety-in-orthopaedics-a-review-of-the-alara-as-low-as-reasonably-achievable-principle
#7
REVIEW
Daniel J Kaplan, Jay N Patel, Frank A Liporace, Richard S Yoon
The use of fluoroscopy has become commonplace in many orthopaedic surgery procedures. The benefits of fluoroscopy are not without risk of radiation to patient, surgeon, and operating room staff. There is a paucity of knowledge by the average orthopaedic resident in terms proper usage and safety. Personal protective equipment, proper positioning, effective communication with the radiology technician are just of few of the ways outlined in this article to decrease the amount of radiation exposure in the operating room...
2016: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878504/intra-and-inter-reader-reproducibility-of-blood-flow-measurements-on-the-ascending-aorta-and-pulmonary-artery-using-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#8
Giovanni Di Leo, Ida Daniela D'Angelo, Marco Alì, Paola Maria Cannaò, Giovanni Mauri, Francesco Secchi, Francesco Sardanelli
The aim of our study was to estimate the intra- and inter-reader reproducibility of blood flow measurements in the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and a semi-automated segmentation method. The ethics committee approved this retrospective study. A total of 50 consecutive patients (35 males and 15 females; mean age±standard deviation 27±13 years) affected by congenital heart disease were reviewed. They underwent CMR for flow analysis of the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery (1...
March 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845493/ionizing-radiation-and-stress-the-analysis-of-the-medical-ray-technician
#9
S De Sio, D Mandolesi, V Colasanti, C Goglia, S Cuzzola, M Di Traglia, E Greco
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to analyzing the relation between the work-related distress with the exposition to ionizing radiations in the radiology technicians, in the hospital environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our present study has been conducted on a group of 36 sanitary technicians (14 women and 22 man, with an average age of 48±10,1 years) working in the Hospital Radiology Pavilion; 28 of them were less-exposed to radio-active emissions (B Category) and 8 were more exposed to radio-active emissions (A Category)...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751973/occupational-radiation-exposure-to-the-extremities-of-medical-staff-during-hysterosalpingography-and-radionuclide-bone-scan-procedures-in-several-nigerian-hospitals
#10
Nnamdi Norbert Jibiri, Tawakalitu Oluwatoyin Akintunde, Musa Yusuf Dambele, Christopher Jimoh Olowookere
OBJECTIVE: The practice of regular dose measurement helps to ascertain the level of occupational dose delivered to the staff involved in diagnostic procedures. This study was carried out to evaluate the dose exposed to the hands of radiologists and a radiologic technologist carrying out HSG and radionuclide bone scan examinations in several hospitals in Nigeria. METHODS: Radiation doses exposed to the hands of radiologists and a technician carrying out hysterosalpingography (HSG) and bone scan procedures were measured using calibrated thermo-luminescent dosimeters...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614505/-position-checking-by-imaging-embarked-there-tomotherapy-and-the-delegation-to-the-radiology-technician
#11
A Autret, D Choupeaux, M Le Mée
Tomotherapy is a technique of IMRT and IGRT using a linear accelerator and a helical CT-scanner. To reach this targeting of precision, the repositioning of the patient is essential. The use of a contention adapted according to the location of the disease and the morphology of the patient is necessary for the safety of this one and the treatment. Once the patient positioned on the reference table, technicians of imager's team check by the acquisition of helical imagery with the reference CT-scanner the position of the patient, the zone of the PTV and healthy organs in the protected surroundings...
October 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606139/respiratory-systems-of-dental-technicians-negatively-affected-during-5-years-of-follow-up
#12
Nurgül Bozkurt, Belkıs Yurdasal, Ali İhsan Bozkurt, Özlem Yılmaz, Mahmut Tekin
BACKGROUND: Dental laboratory technician is one of the professions in which dust exposure is frequently experienced and therefore the health of workers has to be monitored. AIMS: In this study, changes in the pulmonary functions and of pneumoconiosis frequencies among dental technicians after five years were investigated by comparing the results of two screenings carried out in 2008 and 2013. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: In 2008 and 2013, Provincial Health Directorate carried out two different health screenings covering all of the dental technicians working in dental laboratories in Denizli...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548250/pediatric-gastrojejunostomy-tube-replacement-effects-of-communication-on-the-need-for-after-hours-procedures
#13
Mark E Sharafinski, Elizabeth Sehnert, David Moe, Liyun Zhang, Pippa Simpson, Nghia J Vo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether embedding into the radiology report a patient-specific plan in the event of gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube dysfunction reduces the need for after-hours utilization of pediatric interventional radiology resources for the replacement of GJ tubes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant, institutional review board-approved retrospective repeated cross-sectional study of patients requiring after-hours (5 PM-7 AM) or weekend (Saturday and Sunday) GJ tube replacement at a dedicated children's hospital, before and after the inclusion of a patient-specific plan in the radiology report as part of the electronic medical record...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542567/occupational-musculoskeletal-pain-in-cardiac-sonographers-compared-to-peer-employees-a-multisite-cross-sectional-study
#14
Nicholas M Orme, Jeffrey B Geske, Sorin V Pislaru, John Wells Askew, Ryan J Lennon, Bradley R Lewis, Charanjit S Rihal, Patricia A Pellikka, Mandeep Singh
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence and impact of work-related musculoskeletal pain in cardiac sonographers to a large control group of peer employees with similar demographics. BACKGROUND: Cardiac sonographers are known to have high levels of occupational musculoskeletal pain. Comparative studies with other employees within cardiology/radiology departments have never been performed. METHODS: An electronic survey was administered to Mayo Clinic employees at six major patient care facilities in four different states...
November 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519848/diagnostic-reference-levels-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-early-alaram-bells
#15
Steven Meyer, Willem A Groenewald, Richard D Pitcher
Background In 1996 the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) introduced diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) as a quality assurance tool for radiation dose optimization. While many countries have published DRLs, available data are largely from high-income countries. There is arguably a greater need for DRLs in low- and middle-income-countries (LMICs), where imaging equipment may be older and trained imaging technicians are scarce. To date, there has been no critical analysis of the published work on DRLs in LMICs...
April 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364106/dosages-of-ionizing-radiation-during-limb-diagnostic-x-ray-examinations
#16
Marcin Bekas, Krzysztof A Pachocki, Elżbieta Waśniewska, Dagmara Bogucka, Andrzej Magiera
BACKGROUND: X-ray examination is associated with the patient's exposure to ionizing radiation. The dose values depend on the type of the medical procedure used, the X-ray unit technical condition and exposure conditions selected by X-ray technicians. The aim of this study has been to assess the entrance surface dose (ESD) values received by patients during the limb X-ray examination. The results should help doctors in making the decision about sending patients for X-ray examination. At the same time the X-ray unit condition and examination method performance are important for the radiological protection of the medical staff...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356166/changes-in-occupational-radiation-exposures-after-incorporation-of-a-real-time-dosimetry-system-in-the-interventional-radiology-suite
#17
Sashi Poudel, Lori Weir, Dawn Dowling, David C Medich
A statistical pilot study was retrospectively performed to analyze potential changes in occupational radiation exposures to Interventional Radiology (IR) staff at Lawrence General Hospital after implementation of the i2 Active Radiation Dosimetry System (Unfors RaySafe Inc, 6045 Cochran Road Cleveland, OH 44139-3302). In this study, the monthly OSL dosimetry records obtained during the eight-month period prior to i2 implementation were normalized to the number of procedures performed during each month and statistically compared to the normalized dosimetry records obtained for the 8-mo period after i2 implementation...
August 2016: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323963/patient-specific-3d-models-created-by-3d-imaging-system-or-bi-planar-imaging-coupled-with-moir%C3%A3-fringe-projections-a-comparative-study-of-accuracy-and-reliability-on-spinal-curvatures-and-vertebral-rotation-data
#18
Arnaud Hocquelet, François Cornelis, Anna Jirot, Laurent Castaings, Mathieu de Sèze, Olivier Hauger
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the accuracy and reliability of spinal curvatures and vertebral rotation data based on patient-specific 3D models created by 3D imaging system or by bi-planar imaging coupled with Moiré-Fringe projections. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Sixty-two consecutive patients from a single institution were prospectively included. For each patient, frontal and sagittal calibrated low-dose bi-planar X-rays were performed and coupled simultaneously with an optical Moiré back surface-based technology...
June 20, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280000/determinants-of-job-motivation-among-frontline-employees-at-hospitals-in-tehran
#19
Ehsan Zarei, Marziye Najafi, Roya Rajaee, Abbas Shamseddini
INTRODUCTION: Human resources are the most strategic resource and the most significant input for health systems. Their behavior and motivation can strongly affect the overall performance of the health systems. The aim of this study was to determine the factors that affect motivation in frontline employees at teaching hospitals affiliated with Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU) in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015...
April 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176451/a-semi%C3%A2-automated-fish%C3%A2-based-micronucleus%C3%A2-centromere-assay-for-biomonitoring-of-hospital-workers-exposed-to-low-doses-of-ionizing-radiation
#20
Anne Vral, Veerle Decorte, Julie Depuydt, André Wambersie, Hubert Thierens
The aim of the present study was to perform cytogenetic analysis by means of a semi‑automated micronucleus‑centromere assay in lymphocytes from medical radiation workers. Two groups of workers receiving the highest occupational doses were selected: 10 nuclear medicine technicians and 10 interventional radiologists/cardiologists. Centromere‑negative micronucleus (MNCM‑) data, obtained from these two groups of medical radiation workers were compared with those obtained in matched controls. The blood samples of the matched controls were additionally used to construct a 'low‑dose' (0‑100 mGy) MNCM‑ dose‑response curve to evaluate the sensitivity and suitability of the micronucleus‑centromere assay as an 'effect' biomarker in medical surveillance programs...
July 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
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