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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122688/lower-limb-lengths-and-angles-in-children-older-than-six-years-reliability-and-reference-values-by-eos-%C3%A2-stereoradiography
#1
V Rampal, P-Y Rohan, A Assi, I Ghanem, O Rosello, A-L Simon, E Gaumetou, V Merzoug, W Skalli, P Wicart
BACKGROUND: Lower-limb alignment in children is classically assessed clinically or based on conventional radiography, which is associated with projection bias. Low-dose biplanar radiography was described recently as an alternative to conventional imaging. The primary objective of this study was to assess the reliability of length and angle values inferred from 3D reconstructions in children seen in everyday practice. The secondary objective was to obtain reference values for goniometry parameters in children...
November 6, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972807/the-future-of-interventional-and-neurointerventional-radiology-learning-lessons-from-the-past
#2
Julian Maingard, Hong Kuan Kok, Dinesh Ranatunga, Duncan Mark Brooks, Ronil V Chandra, Michael J Lee, Hamed Asadi
The rapid progression of medical imaging technology and the ability to leverage knowledge from non-invasive imaging means that Interventional Radiologists (IRs) and Interventional Neuroradiologists are optimally placed to incorporate minimally invasive interventional paradigms into clinical management to advance patient care. There is ample opportunity to radically change the management options for patients with a variety of diseases through the use of minimally invasive interventional procedures. However, this will need to be accompanied by an increased clinical role of IRs to become active partners in the clinical management of patients...
December 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864804/exploring-current-and-future-roles-of-non-dental-professionals-implications-for-dental-hygiene-education
#3
Hannah L Maxey, Christine Farrell, Anne Gwozdek
The health care system is undergoing transformation in which oral health is not only valued as an aspect of overall health, but health care delivery systems are aligning to better deliver total patient care. As a result of this transformation, education for many non-dental professionals incorporates oral health content to prepare them to practice in comprehensive delivery models. While some non-dental professionals already incorporate oral health care in their service, many opportunities exist for expansion of oral health care delivery by other non-dental professionals, including radiologic technicians, nursing staff, and human services professionals...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516353/physical-hazard-safety-awareness-among-healthcare-workers-in-tanta-university-hospitals-egypt
#4
Rania M El-Sallamy, Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Sanaa Abd El-Fatah, Asmaa El-Feky
Hospital workers are exposed to many occupational hazards that may threaten their health and safety. Physical hazards encountered in hospital working environment include temperature, illumination, noise, electrical injuries, and radiation. To assess the awareness of healthcare workers (HCWs) about physical hazards in Tanta university hospitals, this cross-sectional study included 401 HCWs (physicians, nurses, technicians, and workers) from seven departments (general surgery, orthopedics, radiology, ophthalmology, kitchen, incinerator, and laundry)...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511303/-association-of-xrcc1-gene-polymorphism-and-low-dose-ionizing-radiation-with-peripheral-blood-lymphocyte-micronucleus
#5
F Yang, P Xiong, X L Yuan, C R Liu, L J Ran, Y Yang, J Y Li
Objective: To explore the effects of X-ray repair cross complementing gene 1 (XRCC1) polymorphism and low dose ionizing radiation exposure on radiology professionals' peripheral blood lymphocyte micronucleus. Methods: A matched case-control study was designed. From 2013 to 2015, 1 102 radiology professionals with micronucleus test rusults, and 45 cases with present micronucleus were enroled into case group. 180 diagnostic radiology technicians detecting no micronucleus were chosen as control group, cases and controls were 1∶4 mached on gender, age ≤40 or >40 years old...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393716/pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#6
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366140/-pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#7
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339950/improving-the-quality-of-radiological-examinations-effectiveness-of-an-internal-participatory-approach
#8
Francisco Manuel Batista Mamede, Zenewton André da Silva Gama, Pedro Jesus Saturno-Hernández
Quality problem or issue: To assess the quality of radiological examinations (REs) and to evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory continuous improvement approach to ensure best practices in a Portuguese hospital imaging department. Initial assessment: At baseline, we found 232 (10.2%) non-compliances, mostly related to the criteria image centering and framing in chest radiography (CXR), proper use of radiological protection equipment in other conventional RE (CR) and X-ray beam collimation (CXR/CR)...
June 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112553/development-and-validation-of-a-questionnaire-to-evaluate-infection-control-in-oral-radiology
#9
Eliana D da Costa, Camila Pinelli, Elaine P da Silva Tagliaferro, José E Corrente, Glaucia M B Ambrosano
OBJECTIVES: To create and validate a questionnaire to evaluate infection control in oral radiology. METHODS: The questionnaire was developed after review of the literature, which included published articles and the biosafety protocols available from healthcare agencies. The initial version of the questionnaire was composed of 14 multiple choice questions and was divided into 3 domains on handwashing, disinfection/protection of surfaces and disinfectant used. Content validity was assessed by two expert committees, which reviewed the content and scope of the questionnaire and the relevance of each item, respectively...
April 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081195/assessment-of-volumetric-versus-manual-measurement-in-disseminated-testicular-cancer-no-difference-in-assessment-between-non-radiologists-and-genitourinary-radiologist
#10
Çiğdem Öztürk, Ton Velleman, Alphons H H Bongaerts, L M Bergman, Robert J van Ginkel, Jourik A Gietema, Harald J Hoekstra
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and reproducibility of semi-automatic volumetric measurement of retroperitoneal lymph node metastases in testicular cancer (TC) patients treated with chemotherapy versus the standardized manual measurements based on RECIST criteria. METHODS: 21 TC patients with retroperitoneal lymph node metastases of testicular cancer were studied with a CT scan of chest and abdomen before and after cisplatin based chemotherapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040836/measurement-of-131-i-activity-in-thyroid-of-nuclear-medical-staff-and-internal-dose-assessment-in-a-polish-nuclear-medical-hospital
#11
K Brudecki, A Kowalska, P Zagrodzki, A Szczodry, T Mroz, P Janowski, J W Mietelski
This paper presents results of (131)I thyroid activity measurements in 30 members of the nuclear medicine personnel of the Department of Endocrinology and Nuclear Medicine Holy Cross Cancer Centre in Kielce, Poland. A whole-body spectrometer equipped with two semiconductor gamma radiation detectors served as the basic research instrument. In ten out of 30 examined staff members, the determined (131)I activity was found to be above the detection limit (DL = 5 Bq of (131)I in the thyroid). The measured activities ranged from (5 ± 2) Bq to (217 ± 56) Bq...
March 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999617/intraoperative-radiation-safety-in-orthopaedics-a-review-of-the-alara-as-low-as-reasonably-achievable-principle
#12
REVIEW
Daniel J Kaplan, Jay N Patel, Frank A Liporace, Richard S Yoon
The use of fluoroscopy has become commonplace in many orthopaedic surgery procedures. The benefits of fluoroscopy are not without risk of radiation to patient, surgeon, and operating room staff. There is a paucity of knowledge by the average orthopaedic resident in terms proper usage and safety. Personal protective equipment, proper positioning, effective communication with the radiology technician are just of few of the ways outlined in this article to decrease the amount of radiation exposure in the operating room...
2016: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878504/intra-and-inter-reader-reproducibility-of-blood-flow-measurements-on-the-ascending-aorta-and-pulmonary-artery-using-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#13
Giovanni Di Leo, Ida Daniela D'Angelo, Marco Alì, Paola Maria Cannaò, Giovanni Mauri, Francesco Secchi, Francesco Sardanelli
The aim of our study was to estimate the intra- and inter-reader reproducibility of blood flow measurements in the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and a semi-automated segmentation method. The ethics committee approved this retrospective study. A total of 50 consecutive patients (35 males and 15 females; mean age±standard deviation 27±13 years) affected by congenital heart disease were reviewed. They underwent CMR for flow analysis of the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery (1...
March 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845493/ionizing-radiation-and-stress-the-analysis-of-the-medical-ray-technician
#14
S De Sio, D Mandolesi, V Colasanti, C Goglia, S Cuzzola, M Di Traglia, E Greco
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to analyzing the relation between the work-related distress with the exposition to ionizing radiations in the radiology technicians, in the hospital environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our present study has been conducted on a group of 36 sanitary technicians (14 women and 22 man, with an average age of 48±10,1 years) working in the Hospital Radiology Pavilion; 28 of them were less-exposed to radio-active emissions (B Category) and 8 were more exposed to radio-active emissions (A Category)...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751973/occupational-radiation-exposure-to-the-extremities-of-medical-staff-during-hysterosalpingography-and-radionuclide-bone-scan-procedures-in-several-nigerian-hospitals
#15
Nnamdi Norbert Jibiri, Tawakalitu Oluwatoyin Akintunde, Musa Yusuf Dambele, Christopher Jimoh Olowookere
OBJECTIVE: The practice of regular dose measurement helps to ascertain the level of occupational dose delivered to the staff involved in diagnostic procedures. This study was carried out to evaluate the dose exposed to the hands of radiologists and a radiologic technologist carrying out HSG and radionuclide bone scan examinations in several hospitals in Nigeria. METHODS: Radiation doses exposed to the hands of radiologists and a technician carrying out hysterosalpingography (HSG) and bone scan procedures were measured using calibrated thermo-luminescent dosimeters...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614505/-position-checking-by-imaging-embarked-there-tomotherapy-and-the-delegation-to-the-radiology-technician
#16
A Autret, D Choupeaux, M Le Mée
Tomotherapy is a technique of IMRT and IGRT using a linear accelerator and a helical CT-scanner. To reach this targeting of precision, the repositioning of the patient is essential. The use of a contention adapted according to the location of the disease and the morphology of the patient is necessary for the safety of this one and the treatment. Once the patient positioned on the reference table, technicians of imager's team check by the acquisition of helical imagery with the reference CT-scanner the position of the patient, the zone of the PTV and healthy organs in the protected surroundings...
October 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606139/respiratory-systems-of-dental-technicians-negatively-affected-during-5-years-of-follow-up
#17
Nurgül Bozkurt, Belkıs Yurdasal, Ali İhsan Bozkurt, Özlem Yılmaz, Mahmut Tekin
BACKGROUND: Dental laboratory technician is one of the professions in which dust exposure is frequently experienced and therefore the health of workers has to be monitored. AIMS: In this study, changes in the pulmonary functions and of pneumoconiosis frequencies among dental technicians after five years were investigated by comparing the results of two screenings carried out in 2008 and 2013. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: In 2008 and 2013, Provincial Health Directorate carried out two different health screenings covering all of the dental technicians working in dental laboratories in Denizli...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548250/pediatric-gastrojejunostomy-tube-replacement-effects-of-communication-on-the-need-for-after-hours-procedures
#18
Mark E Sharafinski, Elizabeth Sehnert, David Moe, Liyun Zhang, Pippa Simpson, Nghia J Vo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether embedding into the radiology report a patient-specific plan in the event of gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube dysfunction reduces the need for after-hours utilization of pediatric interventional radiology resources for the replacement of GJ tubes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant, institutional review board-approved retrospective repeated cross-sectional study of patients requiring after-hours (5 PM-7 AM) or weekend (Saturday and Sunday) GJ tube replacement at a dedicated children's hospital, before and after the inclusion of a patient-specific plan in the radiology report as part of the electronic medical record...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542567/occupational-musculoskeletal-pain-in-cardiac-sonographers-compared-to-peer-employees-a-multisite-cross-sectional-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nicholas M Orme, Jeffrey B Geske, Sorin V Pislaru, John Wells Askew, Ryan J Lennon, Bradley R Lewis, Charanjit S Rihal, Patricia A Pellikka, Mandeep Singh
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence and impact of work-related musculoskeletal pain in cardiac sonographers to a large control group of peer employees with similar demographics. BACKGROUND: Cardiac sonographers are known to have high levels of occupational musculoskeletal pain. Comparative studies with other employees within cardiology/radiology departments have never been performed. METHODS: An electronic survey was administered to Mayo Clinic employees at six major patient care facilities in four different states...
November 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519848/diagnostic-reference-levels-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-early-alaram-bells
#20
Steven Meyer, Willem A Groenewald, Richard D Pitcher
Background In 1996 the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) introduced diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) as a quality assurance tool for radiation dose optimization. While many countries have published DRLs, available data are largely from high-income countries. There is arguably a greater need for DRLs in low- and middle-income-countries (LMICs), where imaging equipment may be older and trained imaging technicians are scarce. To date, there has been no critical analysis of the published work on DRLs in LMICs...
April 2017: Acta Radiologica
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