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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665856/job-satisfaction-and-associated-factors-among-health-professionals-working-at-western-amhara-region-ethiopia
#1
Kalkidan Temesgen, Moges Wubie Aycheh, Cheru Tesema Leshargie
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia assuring the satisfaction of health care provider with their job is a major challenging problem. Job satisfaction is a worker's emotional response to different job related factors resulting in finding pleasure, comfort, confidence, rewards, personal growth and various positive opportunities, including upward mobility, recognition, and appraisal done on a merit pattern with monetary value as compensation. Professionals, whose needs and expectations are satisfied, tend to be more productive compared to their colleagues...
April 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657528/digital-versus-conventional-techniques-for-pattern-fabrication-of-implant-supported-frameworks
#2
Marzieh Alikhasi, Ahmad Rohanian, Safoura Ghodsi, Amin Mohammadpour Kolde
Objective: The aim of this experimental study was to compare retention of frameworks cast from wax patterns fabricated by three different methods. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six implant analogs connected to one-piece abutments were divided randomly into three groups according to the wax pattern fabrication method ( n = 12). Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) milling machine, three-dimensional printer, and conventional technique were used for fabrication of waxing patterns...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657235/reduction-in-door-to-balloon-time-with-training-for-effective-and-efficient-action-in-medical-service-better-process-teams-bp-at-a-community-hospital-in-japan
#3
Hiroki Isono, Tetsuhiro Maeno, Shigeyuki Watanabe
ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a fatal condition. Prompt primary percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with lower mortality. However, community hospitals in Japan lack human and medical resources, and implementation of the same strategies as those used in the USA, such as an on-call cardiologist at the hospital, to achieve a door-to-balloon time of ≤ 90 min appears particularly challenging. Therefore, we used Training for Effective and Efficient Action in Medical Service-Better Process (TEAMS-BP) to develop a new process and assessed its effectiveness in reducing door-to-balloon time...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627217/replicating-a-discolored-tooth-preparation-a-technique-for-effective-laboratory-communication
#4
Jay D Matani, Mohit G Kheur, Tabrez A Lakha, Vinay Jain
Fabricating a ceramic restoration for a discolored anterior tooth presents a clinical challenge. The dental technician is often hampered by being unaware of the shade of the discolored tooth preparation, which influences the color of the overlying ceramic restoration. A definitive cast that replicates the shade of the prepared tooth helps the ceramist to fabricate a restoration that masks the discoloration appropriately and still achieves the desired optical properties. This report demonstrates the use of a technique of recording and communicating the shade of a prepared tooth to the dental laboratory technician...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618402/evaluation-of-the-iq-check-%C3%A2-salmonella-ii-assay-in-select-foods-collaborative-study-first-action-2017-06
#5
Patrick Bird, M Joseph Benzinger, Benjamin Bastin, Erin Crowley, James Agin, David Goins, Mike Clark, Jean-Philippe Tourniaire, Sophie Pierre, Wendy Lauer
The iQ-Check Salmonella II Real-Time PCR test kit utilizes Salmonella- specific oligonucleotide probes and primers for the rapid and specific detection of Salmonella species in select food types. The alternative method was evaluated by using 375 g test portions in an unpaired study design for two matrices, milk chocolate and dry dog food. Each matrix was compared with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Chapter 5 Salmonella reference method. Fourteen technicians from 12 laboratories, including academia and industry, located within the United States and Canada participated in the collaborative study...
April 4, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604196/occupational-exposure-to-blood-and-bodily-fluids-among-healthcare-workers-in-serbian-general-hospitals
#6
Bojana Mandić, Stefan Mandić-Rajčević, Ljiljana Marković-Denić, Petar Bulat
The risk of occupational bloodborne infections (HBV, HCV, and HIV) among healthcare workers remains a serious issue in developing countries. The aim of this study was to estimate occupational exposure to bloodborne infections among general hospital workers in Serbia. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the spring of 2013 and included 5,247 healthcare workers from 17 general hospitals. The questionnaire was anonymous, self-completed, and included sociodemographic information with details of blood and bodily fluid exposure over the career and in the previous year (2012)...
March 1, 2018: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601494/the-burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-cameroon
#7
Christine E Mandengue, David W Denning
Fungal infections are frequent in Cameroon, and invasive fungal infections are sometimes detected, usually in HIV-infected patients. For these reasons, we have estimated the burden of fungal infections. Using published literature and population estimates for the at-risk group, we used deterministic modelling to derive national incidence and prevalence estimates for the most serious fungal diseases. HIV infection is common and an estimated 120,000 have CD4 counts <200 × 10⁶/mL and commonly present with opportunistic infection...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568545/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-medical-laboratory-practitioners-in-the-fight-against-ebola-virus-disease
#8
EDITORIAL
Kabir M Hamid, Ibrahim Yusuf, Bernard A Onoja, Abdullahi Y Koki
Introduction: Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa was an enormous public health challenge. Nigeria was able to contain the spread of the virus with a concerted effort and an effective public health response in terms of identification of contacts, rapid laboratory diagnosis, quarantine and symptomatic treatment. We determined the knowledge, attitude and practice of medical laboratory practitioners (MLPs) in this post-Ebola epidemic era. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in eight hospitals in Kano State for 6 months, between January and June 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566005/evaluation-of-the-cobas%C3%A2-gt-hepatitis-c-virus-genotyping-assay-in-g1-6-viruses-including-low-viral-loads-and-lipa-failures
#9
Benjamin Némoz, Léa Roger, Vincent Leroy, Jean-Dominique Poveda, Patrice Morand, Sylvie Larrat
Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drug performances depend on the viral genotype. So international recommendations give typing of the virus a prerequisite for treatment choice and patient management. Commercially available HCV genotyping kits are scarce and this analysis is often in-house using tedious PCRs and Sanger sequencing, leading to a lack of standardization. A newly commercialized HCV genotyping assay based on real-time PCR has been developed by Roche Diagnostics (Mannheim, Germany). We compared this new assay with our in-house PCRs -sequencing technique on 101 regular samples and 81 LiPA failures or low viral load samples...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563671/human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-a-survey-on-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-medical-professionals-at-a-tertiary-health-care-institution-in-uttarakhand-india
#10
Ananya Doda, Gita Negi, Dushyant Singh Gaur, Meena Harsh
INTRODUCTION: Health-care professionals are trained health-care providers who occupy a potential vanguard position in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention programs and the management of AIDS patients. This study was performed to assess HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) and perceptions among health-care professionals at a tertiary health-care institution in Uttarakhand, India, and to identify the target group where more education on HIV is needed...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562007/obstacles-in-the-detection-and-reporting-of-tuberculosis-cases-a-discursive-analysis
#11
Fernando Mitano, Amélia Nunes Sicsú, Luciana de Oliveira Sousa, Rarianne Carvalho Peruhype, Jaqueline Garcia de Almeida Ballestero, Pedro Fredemir Palha
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the discourses of health professionals about the obstacles in the process of detection and reporting of tuberculosis cases in Mozambique. METHOD: Qualitative exploratory study with a theoretical-methodological approach of Discourse Analysis of French matrix. The study was conducted in Mozambique in 2014 at three levels: central, provincial and district. The study included 15 health professionals, 4 physicians, 6 technicians and 5 nursing professionals, who worked in the National Tuberculosis Control Program, with more than 1 year of experience...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561410/can-high-social-capital-at-the-workplace-buffer-against-stress-and-musculoskeletal-pain-cross-sectional-study
#12
Kenneth Jay, Lars L Andersen
Work-related musculoskeletal pain and stress are both highly prevalent in the working environment and relate well to the biopsychosocial model. While the onset of musculoskeletal pain is often dependent on the biological element of the biopsychosocial model, chronic pain is often influenced by psychological and social factors. Similarly, stress is also influenced by biological, psychological, and social factors. This study investigates the possibility of social capital being a buffer for stress and musculoskeletal pain in a group of female laboratory technicians...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559262/integration-of-simulation-components-enhances-team-training-in-cardiac-surgery
#13
David L Joyce, Brian D Lahr, Simon Maltais, Sameh M Said, John M Stulak, Gregory A Nuttall, Lyle D Joyce
OBJECTIVES: Simulation in resident medical education has traditionally focused on isolated components of a surgical procedure. We hypothesized that incorporating an interdisciplinary team into a high-fidelity simulation laboratory would enhance the modeling of real-world challenges during cardiac surgery. METHODS: Simulation exercises were performed with staffing by surgeons, anesthesiologists, perfusionists, surgical assistants, and operating room technicians. Twelve accredited cardiothoracic surgical residents were divided into 3 teams...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552643/diagnostic-performances-of-the-fluorescent-spot-test-for-g6pd-deficiency-in-newborns-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-cohort-study
#14
Laurence Thielemans, Gornpan Gornsawun, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Moo Kho Paw, Pen Porn, Paw Khu Moo, Bart Van Overmeire, Stephane Proux, François Nosten, Rose McGready, Verena I Carrara, Germana Bancone
Background: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an inherited enzymatic disorder associated with severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and acute haemolysis after exposure to certain drugs or infections. The disorder can be diagnosed phenotypically with a fluorescent spot test (FST), which is a simple test that requires training and basic laboratory equipment. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic performances of the FST used on umbilical cord blood by locally-trained staff and to compare test results of the neonates at birth with the results after one month of age...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544479/quality-control-of-malaria-microscopy-reveals-misdiagnosed-non-falciparum-species-and-other-microscopically-detectable-pathogens-in-senegal
#15
Mamadou Alpha Diallo, Khadim Diongue, Mame Cheikh Seck, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Ibrahima Diallo, Younouss Diedhiou, Tolla Ndiaye, Yaye Die Ndiaye, Aida Sadikh Badiane, Daouda Ndiaye
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, malaria diagnosis relies on microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests. In Senegal, national malaria control program (NMCP) regularly conducts supervisory visits in health services where malaria microscopy is performed. In this study, expert microscopists assessed the performance of laboratory technicians in malaria microscopy. METHODS: The present external quality assessment (EQA) was conducted in three different areas of malaria transmission...
March 15, 2018: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536195/comparison-of-different-methods-of-dna-recovery-and-pcr-amplification-in-str-profiling-of-casings-a-retrospective-study
#16
Verica Radojicic, Milica Keckarevic Markovic, Feđa Puac, Miljana Kecmanovic, Dusan Keckarevic
Casings represent common evidence in a forensic laboratory, due to high frequency of firearms usage during perpetration of criminal offenses. Possible DNA evidence from casings is compromised by degradation, inhibition, and initial low-quantity deposition of biological material. For that reason, in the last 15 years, scientists have been trying to optimize procedures for recovery and amplification of DNA possibly present on its surface. In this study, we share our 12-year experience done on a total of 698 casework casings, comparing two DNA recovery methods commonly used-soaking and swabbing, as well as efficacy of two commercially available DNA amplification kits (AmpFLSTR® Identifiler® and AmpFLSTR® Identifiler® Plus kits)...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535916/strategic-establishment-of-an-international-pharmacology-specialty-laboratory-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#17
Takudzwa J Mtisi, Charles Maponga, Tsitsi G Monera-Penduka, Tinashe Mudzviti, Dexter Chagwena, Faithful Makita-Chingombe, Robin DiFranchesco, Gene D Morse
Background: A growing number of drug development studies that include pharmacokinetic evaluations are conducted in regions lacking a specialised pharmacology laboratory. This necessitated the development of an International Pharmacology Specialty Laboratory (IPSL) in Zimbabwe. Objectives: The aim of this article is to describe the development of an IPSL in Zimbabwe. Methods: The IPSL was developed collaboratively by the University of Zimbabwe and the University at Buffalo Center for Integrated Global Biomedical Sciences...
2018: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531433/capacity-assessment-of-district-health-system-in-india-on-services-for-prevention-and-management-of-infertility
#18
Sanjay Chauhan, Sayeed Unisa, Beena Joshi, Ragini Kulkarni, Amarjeet Singh, Thilakavathi Subramanian, Ramendra Narayan Chaudhuri, A C Baishya, Shalini Bharat, Anushree Patil, Achhelal Pasi, Dinesh Agarwal
Background: Infertility is a neglected service component in the public health-care system in India. Objectives: This study aims to assess the availability and practices on prevention and management services for infertility in the district health system. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey of selected health facilities and the staff from 12 district hospitals (DHs), 24 community health centers (CHCs), 48 primary health centers (PHCs), and 48 subcenters was conducted using qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529847/an-alternative-method-for-extracting-plasmodium-dna-from-edta-whole-blood-for-malaria-diagnosis
#19
Krongkaew Seesui, Kanokwan Imtawil, Phimphakon Chanetmahun, Porntip Laummaunwai, Thidarut Boonmars
Molecular techniques have been introduced for malaria diagnosis because they offer greater sensitivity and specificity than microscopic examinations. Therefore, DNA isolation methods have been developed for easy preparation and cost effectiveness. The present study described a simple protocol for Plasmodium DNA isolation from EDTA-whole blood. This study demonstrated that after heating infected blood samples with Tris-EDTA buffer and proteinase K solution, without isolation and purification steps, the supernatant can be used as a DNA template for amplification by PCR...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519760/emergency-medical-technician-performed-point-of-care-blood-analysis-using-the-capillary-blood-obtained-from-skin-puncture
#20
Changsun Kim, Hansol Kim
OBJECTIVE: Comparing a point-of-care (POC) test using the capillary blood obtained from skin puncture with conventional laboratory tests. METHODS: In this study, which was conducted at the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in April-July 2017, 232 patients were enrolled, and three types of blood samples (capillary blood from skin puncture, arterial and venous blood from blood vessel puncture) were simultaneously collected. Each blood sample was analyzed using a POC analyzer (epoc® system, USA), an arterial blood gas analyzer (pHOx®Ultra, Nova biomedical, USA) and venous blood analyzers (AU5800, DxH2401, Beckman Coulter, USA)...
December 9, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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