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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409856/pleural-malignant-mesothelioma-in-dental-laboratory-technicians-a-case-series
#1
Carolina Mensi, Francesco Ciullo, Gino Pietro Barbieri, Luciano Riboldi, Anna Somigliana, Giulio Rasperini, Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Dario Consonni
Asbestos was used in dentistry as a binder in periodontal dressings and as lining material for casting rings and crucible. However, until now, only one case of malignant mesothelioma with occupational exposure to asbestos in dental practice has been reported. We present 4 pleural mesotheliomas out of 5344 cases identified in Lombardy, Italy, in 2000-2014. Three men had been working as dental laboratory technicians, with asbestos exposure for 10, 34, and 4 years, and one woman had been helping her husband for 30 years in manufacturing dental prostheses...
May 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397029/introduction-to-moral-and-other-laboratories
#2
EDITORIAL
Teresa Kuan, Lone Grøn
"Moral (and other) laboratories" is a special issue that draws on Cheryl Mattingly's notion of the "moral laboratory" to explore the uncanny interface between laboratory ethnography and moral anthropology, and to examine the relationship between experience and experiment. We ask whether laboratory work may provoke new insights about experimental practices in other social spaces such as homes, clinics, and neighborhoods, and conversely, whether the study of morality may provoke new insights about laboratory practices as they unfold in the day-to-day interactions between test tubes, animals, apparatuses, scientists, and technicians...
April 10, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381724/current-status-of-regulatory-science-education-in-faculties-of-pharmaceutical-science-in-japan
#3
Masahiro Tohkin
 I introduce the current pharmaceutical education system in Japan, focusing on regulatory science. University schools or faculties of pharmaceutical science in Japan offer two courses: a six-year course for pharmacists and a four-year course for scientists and technicians. Students in the six-year pharmaceutical course receive training in hospitals and pharmacies during their fifth year, and those in the four-year life science course start research activities during their third year. The current model core curriculum for pharmaceutical education requires them to "explain the necessity and significance of regulatory science" as a specific behavior object...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366143/-where-do-we-perform-sleep-test-in-the-laboratory-or-at-home
#4
Handan İnönü Köseoğlu, Asiye Kanbay, Turan Acıcan
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an important public health problem seen in 14.3% of male, and 5% of female population which leads to higher morbidity, and mortality rates because of its outcomes effecting many organ systems including cardiovascular, and cerebrovascular systems. Despite its higher prevalence in community, sleep laboratories both in our country, and in the world remain incapable of diagnosing these patients, and 80-90% of the cases with OSAS can not be diagnosed. As an alternative to gold standard polysomnographic examinations this desperate condition revived the use of more practical, and less expensive portable monitorization devices which can be used at home without the need for help of a technician...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362689/collaboration-patterns-and-processes-between-dentists-and-dental-laboratories-when-planning-and-fabricating-implant-supported-restorations
#5
Noga Harel, Avi Meirowitz, Jonathan Block, Ady Palti, Shlomo Matalon, Zeev Ormianer
INTRODUCTION: The success of implant-supported restorations is dependent on proper treatment planning, effective communication within the clinical team, and the use of appropriate methods and materials in the dental laboratory. The objective of this study was to determine collaboration trends between dentists and laboratories and to assess the common methods and materials involved in fabricating implant-supported restorations. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to dental laboratories and technicians...
March 29, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334777/clinicians-interpretations-of-point-of-care-urine-culture-versus-laboratory-culture-results-analysis-from-the-four-country-poetic-trial-of-diagnosis-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infection-in-primary-care
#6
Saskia Hullegie, Mandy Wootton, Theo J M Verheij, Emma Thomas-Jones, Janine Bates, Kerenza Hood, Micaela Gal, Nick A Francis, Paul Little, Michael Moore, Carl Llor, Timothy Pickles, David Gillespie, Nigel Kirby, Curt Brugman, Christopher C Butler
Background.: Urine culture at the point of care minimises delay between obtaining the sample and agar inoculation in a microbiology laboratory, and quantification and sensitivity results can be available more rapidly in primary care. Objective.: To identify the degree to which clinicians' interpretations of a point-of-care-test (POCT) urine culture (Flexicult™ SSI-Urinary Kit) agrees with laboratory culture in women presenting to primary care with symptoms of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI)...
March 1, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316309/high-resolution-ct-angiogram-for-lower-extremity-vein-mapping
#7
Mark P Wright, Matthew R Smeds, Lonnie Wright, Ahsan T Ali
High-resolution CT angiogram (CTA) has replaced traditional diagnostic angiography as the main preoperative imaging modality for vascular surgery patients. Although the use of CTA is increasing for arterial imaging, it has not been used routinely for vein mapping. The goal of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of CTA for venous anatomy and compare it to a standard venous duplex ultrasound (DUS). When the vein was used for bypass, the quality and size of the vein were evaluated in the operating room. As part of a preoperative workup before lower extremity revascularization, 16 patients underwent a CTA followed by a DUS...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296974/joint-analyses-of-open-comments-and-quantitative-data-added-value-in-a-job-satisfaction-survey-of-hospital-professionals
#8
Ingrid Gilles, Mauro Mayer, Nelly Courvoisier, Isabelle Peytremann-Bridevaux
OBJECTIVE: To obtain a comprehensive understanding of the job opinions of hospital professionals by conducting qualitative analyses of the open comments included in a job satisfaction survey and combining these results with the quantitative results. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey targeting all Lausanne University Hospital professionals was performed in the fall of 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey considered ten job satisfaction dimensions (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273211/spirometry-reference-values-in-the-brazilian-population
#9
R Rufino, C H Costa, A J Lopes, A I Maiworm, K Maynard, L M R A Silva, R M Dias
The aim of the present study was to provide new spirometry reference equations in a sample of the Brazilian population for the following parameters: forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC ratio, peak of expiratory flow (PEF), forced expiratory flow at 50% (FEF50%), 75% average vital capacity (FEF25-75%), and average forced expiratory flow time (FEFT). This was a prospective study using results from chest radiographs, electrocardiograms, and questionnaires to investigate the participants' respiratory symptoms, sedentarism, and comorbidities (Charlson comorbidity index)...
March 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268987/identifying-individual-sleep-apnea-hypoapnea-epochs-using-smartphone-based-pulse-oximetry
#10
Ainara Garde, Parastoo Dekhordi, J Mark Ansermino, Guy A Dumont
Sleep apnea, characterized by frequent pauses in breathing during sleep, poses a serious threat to the healthy growth and development of children. Polysomnography (PSG), the gold standard for sleep apnea diagnosis, is resource intensive and confined to sleep laboratories, thus reducing its accessibility. Pulse oximetry alone, providing blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) and blood volume changes in tissue (PPG), has the potential to identify children with sleep apnea. Thus, we aim to develop a tool for at-home sleep apnea screening that provides a detailed and automated 30 sec epoch-by-epoch sleep apnea analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268025/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-kap-of-teaching-laboratory-technicians-towards-laboratory-safety-and-waste-management-a-pilot-interventional-study
#11
A-H El-Gilany, S El-Shaer, E Khashaba, S A El-Dakroory, N Omar
A quasi-experimental study was performed on 20 technicians working in the Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt. The knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of laboratory technicians was measured before and two months after enrolling them in an intervention programme about laboratory best practice procedures. The programme addressed laboratory safety and medical waste management. The assessment was performed using a validated Arabic self-administered questionnaire. Pre- and post-intervention scores were compared using non-parametric tests...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267827/efficacy-of-a-checklist-for-office-laboratory-communication-a-clinical-study-on-quality-outcomes-for-single-crowns
#12
Mario E Bresciano, Andrea De Maria, Marco Morello, Enrico Poglio, Guido Audenino
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a structured communication protocol between dentists and dental laboratory technicians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 112 single metal-ceramic crowns, fabricated by four different dentist-dental technician pairs, were evaluated at the clinical try-in appointment. Subsequently, each professional pair produced another 112 crowns using a checklist. RESULTS: The scores showed a statistically significant improvement in clinical outcomes with the use of a checklist by reducing adjustment times for contact area, fit, and occlusion and number of appointments...
March 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260561/challenges-of-treating-adenovirus-infection-application-of-a-deployable-rapid-assembly-shelter-hospital
#13
Song Bai, Bao-Guo Yu, Yong-Zhong Zhang, Hui Ding, Zhou-Wei Wu, Bin Fan, Hao-Jun Fan, Shi-Ke Hou, Feng Chen
This article outlines the evolution of a rescue team in responding to adenovirus prevention with a deployable field hospital. The local governments mobilized a shelter hospital and a rescue team consisting of 59 members to assist with rescue and response efforts after an epidemic outbreak of adenovirus. We describe and evaluate the challenges of preparing for deployment, field hospital maintenance, treatment mode, and primary treatment methods. The field hospital established at the rescue scene consisted of a medical command vehicle, a computed tomography shelter, an X-ray shelter, a special laboratory shelter, an oxygen and electricity supply vehicle, and epidemic prevention and protection equipment...
March 6, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260308/-developing-and-application-of-an-autoverification-system-for-clinical-chemistry-and-immunology-test-results
#14
L Y Xia, X Q Cheng, Q Liu, L Liu, X Z Qin, L Zhang, J W Ding, E M Xu, L Qiu
Objective: To develop and validate an autoverification system for biochemistry and immunology test results for application in routine work. Methods: Algorithms was designed and translated into the laboratory information system. Parameters including verify limit, delta check, logic relation between tests was set up in the system. Verification rate of every test and the causes of fails were analyzed, according to which the system and parameters were modified. The autoverified reports were evaluated by chief technicians...
February 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257252/a-direct-refractory-die-technique-for-cast-gold-restorations
#15
C T Smith, K E Diefenderfer
Fabricating accurate cast gold restorations can be challenging for both clinicians and laboratory technicians. Removing the wax pattern from the master die often distorts the pattern, which, in turn, compromises the overall fit and marginal adaptation of the casting. This article demonstrates a laboratory technique in which the final restoration is cast directly on the refractory die without removing the wax pattern. Thus, distortion of the wax pattern is avoided, enabling the production of superbly fitting gold castings for both intracoronal and extracoronal restorations...
March 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227197/identifying-individual-sleep-apnea-hypoapnea-epochs-using-smartphone-based-pulse-oximetry
#16
Ainara Garde, Parastoo Dekhordi, J Mark Ansermino, Guy A Dumont, Ainara Garde, Parastoo Dekhordi, J Mark Ansermino, Guy A Dumont, J Mark Ansermino, Parastoo Dekhordi, Guy A Dumont, Ainara Garde
Sleep apnea, characterized by frequent pauses in breathing during sleep, poses a serious threat to the healthy growth and development of children. Polysomnography (PSG), the gold standard for sleep apnea diagnosis, is resource intensive and confined to sleep laboratories, thus reducing its accessibility. Pulse oximetry alone, providing blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) and blood volume changes in tissue (PPG), has the potential to identify children with sleep apnea. Thus, we aim to develop a tool for at-home sleep apnea screening that provides a detailed and automated 30 sec epoch-by-epoch sleep apnea analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214162/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-blood-culture-contamination-a-multicenter-study
#17
Archana Nair, Sean P Elliott, Mayar Al Mohajer
We developed a questionnaire to assess the knowledge and practice of nursing staff, patient care assistants, phlebotomists, and laboratory technicians regarding blood culture collection and contamination at 2 tertiary care academic centers. Our study showed there were several gaps in knowledge and practice regarding obtaining blood cultures.
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212541/analysis-of-variability-in-high-throughput-screening-data-applications-to-melanoma-cell-lines-and-drug-responses
#18
Kuan-Fu Ding, Darren Finlay, Hongwei Yin, William P D Hendricks, Chris Sereduk, Jeffrey Kiefer, Aleksandar Sekulic, Patricia M LoRusso, Kristiina Vuori, Jeffrey M Trent, Nicholas J Schork
High-throughput screening (HTS) strategies and protocols have undergone significant development in the last decade. It is now possible to screen hundreds of thousands of compounds, each exploring multiple biological phenotypes and parameters, against various cell lines or model systems in a single setting. However, given the vast amount of data such studies generate, the fact that they use multiple reagents, and are often technician-intensive, questions have been raised about the variability, reliability and reproducibility of HTS results...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203010/-evaluation-of-production-and-clinical-working-time-of-computer-aided-design-computer-aided-manufacturing-cad-cam-custom-trays-for-complete-denture
#19
L Wei, H Chen, Y S Zhou, Y C Sun, S X Pan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the technician fabrication time and clinical working time of custom trays fabricated using two different methods, the three-dimensional printing custom trays and the conventional custom trays, and to prove the feasibility of the computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) custom trays in clinical use from the perspective of clinical time cost. METHODS: Twenty edentulous patients were recruited into this study, which was prospective, single blind, randomized self-control clinical trials...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202894/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-among-health-care-workers-in-tuberculosis-specialized-hospitals-in-china
#20
Jian Du, Yu Pang, Yan Ma, Fengling Mi, Yuhong Liu, Liang Li
OBJECTIVES: Tuberculosis (TB) specialized hospitals are playing an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with TB in China. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of TB among health care workers (HCWs) in TB specialized hospitals in China. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey to collect longitudinal information on the number of HCWs and patients with TB from HCWs among 203 TB hospitals in China. RESULTS: Overall, these 186 TB cases accounted for the incidence of 985 per 100,000 population...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
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