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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343219/simulation-based-training-in-flexible-bronchoscopy-and-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-ebus-tbna-a-systematic-review
#1
Therese Maria Henriette Naur, Philip Mørkeberg Nilsson, Pia Iben Pietersen, Paul Frost Clementsen, Lars Konge
BACKGROUND: The use of simulators in a training programme for technically challenging procedures has the advantages of lowering the risk of patient complications while helping the trainees with the initial part of their learning curve. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of simulation-based training in flexible bronchoscopy and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS). METHODS: We identified 1,006 publications in the PubMed database and included publications on flexible bronchoscopy below the carina and EBUS involving hands-on simulation-based training...
March 25, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342472/-the-room-of-errors-a-fun-learning-tool
#2
Émilie Estival, Justine Sinoquet, Franck Cluzel
Simulation in health care, a source of innovative pedagogical developments, is particularly well-suited to the training of nursing teams. It enables them to acquire or reinforce their knowledge, without any risk for the patients, in a calm and reassuring environment. In psychiatry in particular, the use of a room of errors constitutes a useful learning tool for professionals.
March 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342471/-teaching-simulation-to-trainers
#3
François Lecomte
Many trainers wish to integrate simulation into their teaching. Aside from the learning difficulties associated with some simulators, this practice requires the trainer to receive specific training, in order to avoid any risk of a negative or even harmful, learning experience.
March 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342470/-simulation-in-health-care-and-inter-professionality-in-initial-training
#4
Francine Herbreteau, Nadine Benscri
In a context aiming to improve risk management through effective team communication, the development of inter-professional pedagogical sessions is a lever to be developed in order to construct collective competency during initial training.
March 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342468/-simulation-of-approaching-with-a-family-of-a-deceased-patient-concerning-organ-donation
#5
Daniel Maroudy, Hechmi Temini, Sylvie Cazalot, Richard Fernez, Motassem HMaied
The simulation of approaching relating to organ donation consists in reproducing such an interview in conditions similar to those encountered in the intensive care unit. It includes the preparation of the discussion, the way the family is approached, the announcement of the death of their relative, the dialogue with them concerning the donation. Simulation is one of the best ways of training hospital organ donation coordinators in this approach.
March 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342467/-design-and-creation-of-a-simulation-centre
#6
Cédric Damm
The design of a simulation centre must be based on a well thought out pedagogical project which meets the training needs of health professionals. Beyond the architectural design, the organisational and financial aspects of the centre are fundamental elements to be taken into consideration.
March 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342465/-simulation-in-health-care-a-partnership-between-a-training-institute-and-a-health-care-facility
#7
Michèle Appelshaeuser, Danièle Sengel
A system of collaboration around simulation, between a health care facility and a training institute, has been put in place. It has enabled the challenges for both institutions to be identified, thereby confirming the need to continue this project. In this context, interprofessionalality and intergenerationality are key elements.
March 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342464/-training-through-simulation-in-multi-professional-groups
#8
Florence Policard
The effective management of an emergency situation requires optimal collaboration between the different players present. Training through simulation in multi-professional groups is an apposite way of developing collaborative competencies.
March 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342339/a-novel-hybrid-strategy-for-pm2-5-concentration-analysis-and-prediction
#9
Ping Jiang, Qingli Dong, Peizhi Li
The analysis and prediction of air pollutants are of great significance in environmental research today since airborne pollution is a substantial threat, especially in urban agglomerations of China. To develop more effective warning systems and management advice, the authorities and city dwellers need more accurate forecasts of the air pollution. Most previous analysis systems were based on costly observation apparatus at fixed sites, forecasting models were usually built on observations within a certain range, and some observations contained biases...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340153/establishing-a-stand-alone-laboratory-dedicated-to-the-care-of-patients-with-ebola-virus-disease
#10
Jing Cao, Christine Senn, Pedro Castaneda, Sheree Humphries, Amy B Karger
Objective: To describe the process for establishment of a stand-alone laboratory dedicated to testing for Ebola virus disease (EVD). Methods: We selected 2 neighboring rooms for the EVD unit: 1 for patient care and 1 for laboratory testing. A limited test menu was developed after consultation with the team of healthcare providers treating patients with EVD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations, and other sites with EVD expertise. Results: We selected several point-of-care (POC) devices and manual assays to provide necessary testing...
March 13, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339836/differences-in-textural-properties-of-cooked-caponized-and-broiler-chicken-breast-meat
#11
J U-Chupaj, Y Malila, C Gamonpilas, K Kijroongrojana, M Petracci, S Benjakul, W Visessanguan
This study was aimed at evaluating textural properties of cooked chicken breast meats obtained from 3 production systems (conventional raising, feed modification, and caponization) and determining the relationship between instrumental parameters and sensory attributes associated with the texture of capon meat. Texture of cooked breast meats was determined using 3 instrumental methods: Warner-Bratzler Shear (WBS), texture profile analysis (TPA), and uniaxial compression (UC), and sensory analysis by trained panelists...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338438/learning-brain-aneurysm-microsurgical-skills-in-a-human-placenta-model-predictive-validity
#12
Marcelo Magaldi Ribeiro de Oliveira, Carlos Eduardo Ferrarez, Taise Mosso Ramos, Jose Augusto Malheiros, Arthur Nicolato, Carla Jorge Machado, Mauro Tostes Ferreira, Fellype Borges de Oliveira, Cecília Félix Penido Mendes de Sousa, Pollyana Helena Vieira Costa, Sebastiao Gusmao, Giuseppe Lanzino, Rolando Del Maestro
OBJECTIVE Surgery for brain aneurysms is technically demanding. In recent years, the process to learn the technical skills necessary for these challenging procedures has been affected by a decrease in the number of surgical cases available and progressive restrictions on resident training hours. To overcome these limitations, surgical simulators such as cadaver heads and human placenta models have been developed. However, the effectiveness of these models in improving technical skills is unknown. This study assessed concurrent and predictive validity of brain aneurysm surgery simulation in a human placenta model compared with a "live" human brain cadaveric model...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337862/bayesian-sensitivity-analysis-of-a-1d-vascular-model-with-gaussian-process-emulators
#13
A Melis, R H Clayton, A Marzo
One-dimensional models of the cardiovascular system can capture the physics of pulse waves, but involve many parameters. Since these may vary among individuals, patient-specific models are difficult to construct. Sensitivity analysis can be used to rank model parameters by their effect on outputs, and to quantify how uncertainty in parameters influences output uncertainty. This type of analysis is often conducted with a Monte Carlo method, where large numbers of model runs are used to assess input-output relations...
March 24, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337149/influence-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-on-ventilatory-efficiency-and-cycling-performance-in-normoxia-and-hypoxia
#14
Eduardo Salazar-Martínez, Hannes Gatterer, Martin Burtscher, José Naranjo Orellana, Alfredo Santalla
The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on ventilatory efficiency, in normoxia and hypoxia, and to investigate the relationship between ventilatory efficiency and cycling performance. Sixteen sport students (23.05 ± 4.7 years; 175.11 ± 7.1 cm; 67.0 ± 19.4 kg; 46.4 ± 8.7 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) were randomly assigned to an inspiratory muscle training group (IMTG) and a control group (CG). The IMTG performed two training sessions/day [30 inspiratory breaths, 50% peak inspiratory pressure (Pimax), 5 days/week, 6-weeks]...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335660/recommendation-of-the-wfitn-regarding-simulation-in-neurointerventional-training
#15
Luc Picard, George Rodesch, Serge Bracard, Allan Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335177/initial-results-of-an-original-program-of-simulation-training-for-endovascular-procedures
#16
Yannick Georg, Bettina Chenesseau, Elie Girsowicz, Anne Lejay, Fabien Thaveau, Julie Papillon, Jason Lee, Nabil Chakfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333831/deployed-skills-training-for-whole-blood-collection-by-a-special-operations-expeditionary-surgical-team
#17
Linda C Benavides, Iain M Smith, Jerome M Benavides, Douglas M Bowley, Heidi A Doughty, Jonathan B Lundy
BACKGROUND: Non-compressible hemorrhage is the leading cause of potentially preventable battlefield death. Combining casualty retrieval from the battlefield and damage control resuscitation (DCR) within the "golden hour" increases survival. However, transfusion requirements may exceed the current blood component stocks held by forward surgical teams. Warm fresh whole blood (WFWB) is an alternative. We report WFWB transfusion training developed by and delivered to a US Golden Hour Offset Surgical Treatment Team (GHOST-T) and the resulting improvement in confidence with WFWB transfusion...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333587/variational-latent-gaussian-process-for-recovering-single-trial-dynamics-from-population-spike-trains
#18
Yuan Zhao, Il Memming Park
When governed by underlying low-dimensional dynamics, the interdependence of simultaneously recorded populations of neurons can be explained by a small number of shared factors, or a low-dimensional trajectory. Recovering these latent trajectories, particularly from single-trial population recordings, may help us understand the dynamics that drive neural computation. However, due to the biophysical constraints and noise in the spike trains, inferring trajectories from data is a challenging statistical problem in general...
March 23, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332710/improving-the-interview-skills-of-college-students-using-behavioral-skills-training
#19
Corey S Stocco, Rachel H Thompson, John M Hart, Heidi L Soriano
Obtaining a job as a college graduate is partly dependent on interview performance. We used a multiple baseline design across skills to evaluate the effects of behavioral skills training with self-evaluation for five college students. Training effects were evaluated using simulated interviews as baseline and posttraining assessments. All participants acquired targeted skills, but we observed some individual differences. Participants were satisfied with training outcomes and rated the procedures as acceptable...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332160/robust-motion-tracking-in-liver-from-2d-ultrasound-images-using-supporters
#20
Ece Ozkan, Christine Tanner, Matej Kastelic, Oliver Mattausch, Maxim Makhinya, Orcun Goksel
PURPOSE: Effectiveness of image-guided radiation therapy with precise dose delivery depends highly on accurate target localization, which may involve motion during treatment due to, e.g., breathing and drift. Therefore, it is important to track the motion and adjust the radiation delivery accordingly. Tracking generally requires reliable target appearance and image features, whereas in ultrasound imaging acoustic shadowing and other artifacts may degrade the visibility of a target, leading to substantial tracking errors...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
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