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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209961/finite-element-analysis-of-the-wrist-in-stroke-patients-the-effects-of-hand-grip
#1
Muhammad Hanif Ramlee, Gan Kok Beng, Nazri Bajuri, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir
The provision of the most suitable rehabilitation treatment for stroke patient remains an ongoing challenge for clinicians. Fully understanding the pathomechanics of the upper limb will allow doctors to assist patients with physiotherapy treatment that will aid in full arm recovery. A biomechanical study was therefore conducted using the finite element (FE) method. A three-dimensional (3D) model of the human wrist was reconstructed using computed tomography (CT)-scanned images. A stroke model was constructed based on pathological problems, i...
December 5, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081870/fun-during-knee-rehabilitation-feasibility-and-acceptability-testing-of-a-new-android-based-training-device
#2
Thomas Sanjay Weber-Spickschen, Christian Colcuc, Alexander Hanke, Jan-Dierk Clausen, Paul Abraham James, Hauke Horstmann
PURPOSE: The initial goals of rehabilitation after knee injuries and operations are to achieve full knee extension and to activate quadriceps muscle. In addition to regular physiotherapy, an android-based knee training device is designed to help patients achieve these goals and improve compliance in the early rehabilitation period. This knee training device combines fun in a computer game with muscular training or rehabilitation. Our aim was to test the feasibility and acceptability of this new device...
2017: Open Medical Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026634/hiv-positive-patient-with-gbs-like-syndrome
#3
Samantha J Shepherd, Heather Black, Emma C Thomson, Rory N Gunson
Introduction. Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) is an acute demyelinating polyneuropathy which can occur post-infection. Criteria of diagnosis of GBS include areflexia with progressive bilateral weakness in arms and legs. GBS can lead to severe respiratory and cardiac complications. The fatality rate can be up to 5 % in patients, depending on the severity of the symptoms. HIV can cause a range of neurological disorders including, on rare occasions, GBS. GBS can occur at any stage of HIV infection, highlighting the complexity of diagnosis of GBS within HIV patients...
August 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845831/early-rehabilitative-treatment-after-infrainguinal-lower-limb-bypass-surgery
#4
Ettore Carlisi, Patrick Caspani, Paola Morlino, Maria Teresa Bardoni, Claudio Lisi, Maurizio Bejor, Elena Dalla Toffola
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Functional activity may remain limited in patients affected by critical limb ischemia, despite successful infrainguinal lower limb bypass surgery (ILLBS). The aim of the work was to evaluate the impact of a rehabilitative intervention on postoperative ambulatory status and pain. METHODS: In an observational study, data were collected on 34 patients undergoing ILLBS for critical limb ischemia or end-stage peripheral arterial disease...
August 23, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793808/the-efficacy-and-feasibility-of-aquatic-physiotherapy-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#5
Aan Fleur Terrens, Sze-Ee Soh, Prue Elizabeth Morgan
PURPOSE: To critically evaluate the literature regarding the efficacy and feasibility of aquatic physiotherapy in people with Parkinson's disease. METHOD: Relevant studies were identified through searches in nine health-related databases. Two independent reviewers assessed study quality using either the PEDro scale or a customised tool for safety and feasibility. RESULTS: Database searches yielded 88 articles, of which 10 met the inclusion criteria...
August 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627356/aquatic-therapy-for-children-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-and-mixed-methods-process-evaluation
#6
Daniel Hind, James Parkin, Victoria Whitworth, Saleema Rex, Tracey Young, Lisa Hampson, Jennie Sheehan, Chin Maguire, Hannah Cantrill, Elaine Scott, Heather Epps, Marion Main, Michelle Geary, Heather McMurchie, Lindsey Pallant, Daniel Woods, Jennifer Freeman, Ellen Lee, Michelle Eagle, Tracey Willis, Francesco Muntoni, Peter Baxter
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rare disease that causes the progressive loss of motor abilities such as walking. Standard treatment includes physiotherapy. No trial has evaluated whether or not adding aquatic therapy (AT) to land-based therapy (LBT) exercises helps to keep muscles strong and children independent. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of recruiting boys with DMD to a randomised trial evaluating AT (primary objective) and to collect data from them; to assess how, and how well, the intervention and trial procedures work...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597018/robotic-devices-and-brain-machine-interfaces-for-hand-rehabilitation-post-stroke
#7
Alistair C McConnell, Renan C Moioli, Fabricio L Brasil, Marta Vallejo, David W Corne, Patricia A Vargas, Adam A Stokes
OBJECTIVE: To review the state of the art of robotic-aided hand physiotherapy for post-stroke rehabilitation, including the use of brain-machine interfaces. Each patient has a unique clinical history and, in response to personalized treatment needs, research into individualized and at-home treatment options has expanded rapidly in recent years. This has resulted in the development of many devices and design strategies for use in stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: The development progression of robotic-aided hand physiotherapy devices and brain-machine interface systems is outlined, focussing on those with mechanisms and control strategies designed to improve recovery outcomes of the hand post-stroke...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526423/pseudoparalysis-a-systematic-review-of-term-definitions-treatment-approaches-and-outcomes-of-management-techniques
#8
REVIEW
John M Tokish, Thomas C Alexander, Michael J Kissenberth, Richard J Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Pseudoparalysis remains one of the most challenging conditions in shoulder surgery. Long thought of as an unsolvable problem, recent advances in surgical techniques offer potential return of overhead motion in the setting of massive irreparable rotator cuff tears. This article summarizes the available literature including existing definitions and the results of different treatment approaches regarding range of motion, outcome scores, and reversal. METHODS: In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic review of the MEDLINE database, Cochrane database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Google Scholar database was performed for studies that defined a preoperative shoulder group as having pseudoparalysis...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357131/aquatic-therapy-for-boys-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-dmd-an-external-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Daniel Hind, James Parkin, Victoria Whitworth, Saleema Rex, Tracey Young, Lisa Hampson, Jennie Sheehan, Chin Maguire, Hannah Cantrill, Elaine Scott, Heather Epps, Marion Main, Michelle Geary, Heather McMurchie, Lindsey Pallant, Daniel Woods, Jennifer Freeman, Ellen Lee, Michelle Eagle, Tracey Willis, Francesco Muntoni, Peter Baxter
BACKGROUND: Standard treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) includes regular physiotherapy. There are no data to show whether adding aquatic therapy (AT) to land-based exercises helps maintain motor function. We assessed the feasibility of recruiting and collecting data from boys with DMD in a parallel-group pilot randomised trial (primary objective), also assessing how intervention and trial procedures work. METHODS: Ambulant boys with DMD aged 7-16 years established on steroids, with North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA) score ≥8, who were able to complete a 10-m walk test without aids or assistance, were randomly allocated (1:1) to 6 months of either optimised land-based exercises 4 to 6 days/week, defined by local community physiotherapists, or the same 4 days/week plus AT 2 days/week...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330744/the-addition-of-supervised-physiotherapy-sessions-for-management-of-acute-ankle-sprain-does-not-aid-recovery-more-than-providing-standardised-written-instruction-about-early-management-commentary
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314647/the-addition-of-supervised-physiotherapy-sessions-for-management-of-acute-ankle-sprain-does-not-aid-recovery-more-than-providing-standardised-written-instruction-about-early-management-synopsis
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253887/effectiveness-of-robot-assisted-gait-training-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-bicenter-pragmatic-randomized-cross-over-trial-pelogait
#12
C Ammann-Reiffer, C H G Bastiaenen, A D Meyer-Heim, H J A van Hedel
BACKGROUND: Walking ability is a priority for many children with cerebral palsy (CP) and their parents when considering domains of importance regarding treatment interventions. Partial body-weight supported treadmill training has become an established therapeutic treatment approach to address this demand. Further, new robotic rehabilitation technologies have increasingly been implemented in the clinical setting to allow for longer training sessions with increased step repetitions while maintaining a consistent movement pattern...
March 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074105/work-related-exposures-and-disorders-among-physical-therapists-experiences-and-beliefs-of-professional-representatives-assessed-using-a-qualitative-approach
#13
Maria Girbig, Alice Freiberg, Stefanie Deckert, Diana Druschke, Christian Kopkow, Albert Nienhaus, Andreas Seidler
BACKGROUND: According to international study results, physical therapists are afflicted with work-related musculoskeletal, psychosocial and dermal disorders as well as infections. The few existing studies in German-speaking regions focus mainly on dermal and psychosocial exposures and resulting complaints. An overview of all relevant work-related exposures and complaints of physical therapists is currently lacking. We sought to identify work-related exposures based on the subjective experiences and beliefs of physiotherapeutic representatives, in order to identify relevant work-related complaints and diseases...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921161/an-international-urogynecological-association-iuga-international-continence-society-ics-joint-report-on-the-terminology-for-the-conservative-and-nonpharmacological-management-of-female-pelvic-floor-dysfunction
#14
Kari Bo, Helena C Frawley, Bernard T Haylen, Yoram Abramov, Fernando G Almeida, Bary Berghmans, Maria Bortolini, Chantale Dumoulin, Mario Gomes, Doreen McClurg, Jane Meijlink, Elizabeth Shelly, Emanuel Trabuco, Carolina Walker, Amanda Wells
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There has been an increasing need for the terminology on the conservative management of female pelvic floor dysfunction to be collated in a clinically based consensus report. METHODS: This Report combines the input of members and elected nominees of the Standardization and Terminology Committees of two International Organizations, the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS), assisted at intervals by many external referees...
February 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918754/interventions-to-improve-rates-of-successful-extubation-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Kristin N Ferguson, Calum T Roberts, Brett J Manley, Peter G Davis
Importance: Clinicians aim to extubate preterm infants as early as possible, to minimize the risks of mechanical ventilation. Extubation is often unsuccessful owing to lung disease or inadequate respiratory drive. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions to improve rates of successful extubation in preterm infants. Data Sources: Searches were undertaken in PubMed and The Cochrane Library. Study Selection: The review was conducted using the methods of the Cochrane Collaboration and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918122/an-international-urogynecological-association-iuga-international-continence-society-ics-joint-report-on-the-terminology-for-the-conservative-and-nonpharmacological-management-of-female-pelvic-floor-dysfunction
#16
Kari Bo, Helena C Frawley, Bernard T Haylen, Yoram Abramov, Fernando G Almeida, Bary Berghmans, Maria Bortolini, Chantale Dumoulin, Mario Gomes, Doreen McClurg, Jane Meijlink, Elizabeth Shelly, Emanuel Trabuco, Carolina Walker, Amanda Wells
Introduction and hypothesis There has been an increasing need for the terminology on the conservative management of female pelvic floor dysfunction to be collated in a clinically based consensus report. Methods This Report combines the input of members and elected nominees of the Standardization and Terminology Committees of two International Organizations, the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS), assisted at intervals by many external referees. An extensive process of nine rounds of internal and external review was developed to exhaustively examine each definition, with decision-making by collective opinion (consensus)...
February 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909357/perceptions-of-leadership-comparing-canadian-and-irish-physiotherapists-views
#17
Emer McGowan, Gillian Martin, Emma Stokes
Purpose: To contribute to the growing body of research on leadership in physiotherapy by comparing leadership-related perceptions of physiotherapists in Ireland and in Canada. Methods: This article compares the results of a survey of Canadian physiotherapists with those of the same survey administered to Irish physiotherapists. The results of both studies have previously been reported and are used here to allow a cultural comparison of the perceptions of physiotherapists. The present study used two-portion Z-tests to compare the percentage of physiotherapists in Ireland who self-declared as a leader with the percentage of physiotherapists in Canada who did so...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859970/barriers-for-guideline-adherence-in-knee-osteoarthritis-care-a-qualitative-study-from-the-patients-perspective
#18
David Spitaels, Patrik Vankrunkelsven, Jurgen Desfosses, Frank Luyten, Sabine Verschueren, Dieter Van Assche, Bert Aertgeerts, Rosella Hermens
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Guidelines for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are suboptimally implemented in clinical care. To improve guideline adherence, patients' perceived barriers and facilitators in current care were investigated. METHODS: Eleven patients with knee OA were extensively interviewed using a semistructured script based on quality indicators. Directed content analysis, within the framework of Grol and Wensing, was performed to describe barriers and facilitators in 6 domains: guideline, health care professional, patient, social environment, organization, and financial context...
February 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766603/role-of-physiotherapy-in-the-mobilization-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-undergoing-human-embryonic-stem-cells-transplantation
#19
REVIEW
Geeta Shroff, Dipin Thakur, Varun Dhingra, Deepak Singh Baroli, Deepanshu Khatri, Rahul Dev Gautam
BACKGROUND: The major complication faced by patients with chronic static spinal cord injury (SCI) is the loss of mobilization. With the aim to rehabilitate SCI patients, physiotherapy is performed worldwide. However, it only helps the patients to live with their disabilities. An interdisciplinary management involving human embryonic stem cell (hESC) therapy along with physiotherapy as a supportive therapy offers regenerative treatment of the patients with SCI. MAIN BODY: The present study focuses on the role of physiotherapy in the mobilization of patients with SCI (paraplegic 136; tetraplegics 90) undergoing hESC therapy...
December 2016: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676807/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-low-back-pain-among-hospital-staff-in-a-university-hospital-in-lebanon
#20
Khalil Ghoussoub, Alain El Asmar, Gaby Kreichati, Sawma Wakim, Mayla Bakhache, Maria Baz, Zakhia Naoum
OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to assess the prevalence and risk factors of low back pain occurred in health care workers in a Lebanese Hospital, and the impact of gestural and postural education in prevention. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A transversal survey with retrospective data collection was conducted at the University Hospital Center Hôtel-Dieu de France (HDF) Beirut in November 2015. It was based on a questionnaire of 29 items exploring the demographic, anthropometric and social data subjects and data for low back pain: duration, trigger back pain, risk factors, low back pain history, and the role of staff training to handling...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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