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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742825/impact-of-maternal-and-neonatal-health-initiatives-on-inequity-in-maternal-health-care-utilization-in-bangladesh
#1
Mohammad Rifat Haider, Mohammad Masudur Rahman, Md Moinuddin, Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Shakil Ahmed, M Mahmud Khan
BACKGROUND: Despite remarkable progress in maternal and child health, inequity persists in maternal care utilization in Bangladesh. Government of Bangladesh (GOB) with technical assistance from United Nation Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nation Children's Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organization (WHO) started implementing Maternal and Neonatal Health Initiatives in selected districts of Bangladesh (MNHIB) in 2007 with an aim to reduce inequity in healthcare utilization. This study examines the effect of MNHIB on inequity in maternal care utilization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742762/kdigo-clinical-practice-guideline-on-the-evaluation-and-care-of-living-kidney-donors
#2
Krista L Lentine, Bertram L Kasiske, Andrew S Levey, Patricia L Adams, Josefina Alberú, Mohamed A Bakr, Lorenzo Gallon, Catherine A Garvey, Sandeep Guleria, Philip Kam-Tao Li, Dorry L Segev, Sandra J Taler, Kazunari Tanabe, Linda Wright, Martin G Zeier, Michael Cheung, Amit X Garg
The 2017 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Clinical Practice Guideline on the Evaluation and Care of Living Kidney Donors is intended to assist medical professionals who evaluate living kidney donor candidates and provide care before, during and after donation. The guideline development process followed the Grades of Recommendation Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach and guideline recommendations are based on systematic reviews of relevant studies that included critical appraisal of the quality of the evidence and the strength of recommendations...
August 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742717/integrating-an-interprofessional-education-experience-into-a-human-physiology-course
#3
Scott Edwards, Patricia E Molina, Kathleen H McDonough, Donald E Mercante, Tina P Gunaldo
PURPOSE: To obtain physician assistant (PA) student perceptions about an interprofessional education (IPE) training experience embedded in a multidisciplinary science course. METHODS: An IPE training experience was integrated into a graduate human physiology course offered to PA, physical therapy, and graduate studies students. The focus of the activity related to the Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) competency domains of (1) roles and responsibilities and (2) teams and teamwork...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742215/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-us-adults-with-headache-or-migraine-results-from-the-2012-national-health-interview-survey
#4
Yan Zhang, Jeff A Dennis, Matthew J Leach, Felicity L Bishop, Holger Cramer, Vincent C H Chung, Craig Moore, Romy Lauche, Ron Cook, David Sibbritt, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: Given the safety concerns regarding pharmacological agents, and the considerable impact of headache and migraine on the sufferer's quality of life, many people seek other treatment options beyond conventional medication and care to address their symptoms; this includes complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Some CAM interventions have shown promising results in clinical trials of headache and migraine management. Nonetheless, there has been little research exploring the reasons for using CAM, and the types of CAM used, among this population...
July 25, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741873/cost-effectiveness-of-left-ventricular-assist-devices-for-patients-with-end-stage-heart-failure-analysis-of-the-french-hospital-discharge-database
#5
Abir Tadmouri, Josefin Blomkvist, Cécile Landais, Jerome Seymour, Alexandre Azmoun
AIMS: Although left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are currently approved for coverage and reimbursement in France, no French cost-effectiveness (CE) data are available to support this decision. This study aimed at estimating the CE of LVAD compared with medical management in the French health system. METHODS AND RESULTS: Individual patient data from the 'French hospital discharge database' (Medicalization of information systems program) were analysed using Kaplan-Meier method...
July 25, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741801/attitudes-toward-suicidal-behavior-and-associated-factors-among-nursing-professionals-a-quantitative-study
#6
Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Daniel Fernando Magrini, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Adriana Inocenti Miasso, Tatiana Longo Borges, Manoel Antônio Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: The attitudes toward suicide of emergency nurses may affect the care provided. However, the factors associated with these attitudes remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate attitudes toward suicidal behavior and associated factors among nursing professionals working in emergency settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study including 28 nurses and 118 were nursing assistants employed at two emergency services in Brazil was conducted...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741420/outreach-syncope-clinic-managed-by-a-nurse-practitioner-outcome-and-cost-effectiveness
#7
Mohamed H Hamdan, Kathleen E Walsh, Michele Brignole, Jamie Key
Introduction The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and financial outcomes of a novel outreach syncope clinic. Methods We compared the clinical outcome of the Faint and Fall Clinic at the American Center (January-June 2016) with that of the University of Wisconsin Health and Clinics Faint and Fall Clinic (January 2013-December 2014). The American Center-Faint and Fall Clinic is run solely by a nurse practitioner, assisted by online faint-decision software and consultancy of a faint specialist through video-conferencing...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739533/effect-of-bisphenol-a-bpa-on-insulin-signal-transduction-and-glut4-translocation-in-gastrocnemius-muscle-of-adult-male-albino-rat
#8
Mullainadhan Vigneswari, Viswanathan Mangala Priya, Karundevi Balasubramanian
Environmental estrogens bind to estrogen receptors, mimic estrogenic actions, and have adverse effects on human health like Bisphenol - A (BPA) which is used as a monomer in the production of polycarbonate plastics (PC) and epoxy resins which are used in variety of canned foods. Skeletal muscle plays an essential role in maintaining systemic glucose metabolism. In the present study, we investigated the possible effects of BPA on insulin signalling molecules and GLUT4 translocation in the gastrocnemius muscle of adult male rat...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739435/ureaplasma-spp-in-male-infertility-and-its-relationship-with-semen-quality-and-seminal-plasma-components
#9
Yun Heng Zhou, Hong Xia Ma, Xiao Xing Shi, Yang Liu
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence of Ureaplasma spp. in semen samples of infertile men in Shanghai, China and evaluated the correlation between the sperm parameters (seminal volume, sperm concentration, progressive motility and non-progressive) and the secretary function in these infectious populations. METHODS: Semens were collected from 540 infertile men and 260 fertile control group in shanghai, China and subjected to standard bacterial and Ureaplasma spp...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738968/exploration-of-an-allied-health-workforce-redesign-model-quantifying-the-work-of-allied-health-assistants-in-a-community-workforce
#10
Lisa Somerville, Annette Davis, Sarah Milne, Desiree Terrill, Kathleen Philip
The Victorian Assistant Workforce Model (VAWM) enables a systematic approach for the identification and quantification of work that can be delegated from allied health professionals (AHPs) to allied health assistants (AHAs). The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of implementation of VAWM in the community and ambulatory health care setting. Data captured using mixed methods from allied health professionals working across the participating health services enabled the measurement of opportunity for workforce redesign in the community and ambulatory allied health workforce...
July 25, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738913/cumulative-exposure-to-childhood-adversity-and-treated-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-cohort-study-of-543-650-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#11
E Björkenstam, C Björkenstam, B Jablonska, K Kosidou
BACKGROUND: Though childhood adversity (CA) has been associated with the risk of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little is known about the effect of cumulative CAs and whether there are clusters of CAs that are more closely related with ADHD. METHODS: We used a Swedish cohort of 543 650 individuals born 1987-1991. Register-based CAs included familial death, substantial parental substance abuse and psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation, household public assistance recipiency, and residential instability...
July 25, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738897/food-assistance-is-associated-with-decreased-nursing-home-admissions-for-maryland-s-dually-eligible-older-adults
#12
Sarah L Szanton, Laura J Samuel, Rachel Cahill, Ginger Zielinskie, Jennifer L Wolff, Roland J Thorpe, Charles Betley
BACKGROUND: Although it has long been known that a broad range of factors beyond medical diagnoses affect health and health services use, it has been unclear whether additional income can decrease health service use. We examined whether Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) receipt is associated with subsequent nursing home entry among low income older adults. METHODS: We examined the 77,678 older adults dually eligible for Medicaid and Medicare in Maryland, 2010-2012...
July 24, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738861/the-risk-of-hiv-transmission-at-each-step-of-the-hiv-care-continuum-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-modeling-study
#13
Daniel J Escudero, Mark N Lurie, Kenneth H Mayer, Maximilian King, Sandro Galea, Samuel R Friedman, Brandon D L Marshall
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are at continued risk for HIV in the U.S., and experience disparities across the HIV care continuum compared to other high-risk groups. Estimates of the risk of HIV transmission at each stage of the care continuum may assist in identifying public health priorities for averting incident infections among PWID, in addition to transmissions to sexual partners of PWID. METHODS: We created an agent-based model simulating HIV transmission and the HIV care continuum for PWID in New York City (NYC) in 2012...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738791/anthropometric-indices-for-non-pregnant-women-of-childbearing-age-differ-widely-among-four-low-middle-income-populations
#14
K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Ana Garcés, Jamie E Westcott, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Omrana Pasha, Sumera Aziz Ali, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Vanessa R Thorsten, Abhik Das, Kristen Stolka, Elizabeth M McClure, Rebecca L Lander, Carl L Bose, Richard J Derman, Robert L Goldenberg, Melissa Bauserman
BACKGROUND: Maternal stature and body mass indices (BMI) of non-pregnant women (NPW) of child bearing age are relevant to maternal and offspring health. The objective was to compare anthropometric indices of NPW in four rural communities in low- to low-middle income countries (LMIC). METHODS: Anthropometry and maternal characteristics/household wealth questionnaires were obtained for NPW enrolled in the Women First Preconception Maternal Nutrition Trial. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was calculated...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738728/job-task-characteristics-of-australian-emergency-services-volunteers-during-search-and-rescue-operations
#15
Aaron Silk, Gavin Lenton, Robbie Savage, Brad Aisbett
Search and rescue operations are necessary in locating, assisting and recovering individuals lost or in distress. In Australia, land-based search and rescue roles require a range of physically demanding tasks undertaken in dynamic and challenging environments. The aim of the current research was to identify and characterise the physically demanding tasks inherent to search and rescue operation personnel within Australia. These aims were met through a subjective job task analysis approach. In total, 11 criterion tasks were identified by personnel...
July 25, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738726/weighing-obligations-to-home-care-workers-and-medicaid-recipients
#16
Paul C Treacy, Douglas MacKay
In June 2016, a US Department of Labor rule extending minimum wage and overtime pay protections to home care workers such as certified nursing assistants and home health aides survived its final legal challenge and became effective. However, Medicaid officials in certain states reported that during the intervening decades when these protections were not in place, their states had developed a range of innovative services and programs providing home care to people with disabilities-services and programs that would be at risk if workers were newly owed minimum wage and overtime pay...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738717/optimization-of-simultaneous-microwave-ultrasonic-assisted-extraction-of-phenolic-compounds-from-walnut-flour-using-response-surface-methodology
#17
Yan Luo, Wanxing Wu, Dan Chen, Yuping Lin, Yage Ma, Chaoyin Chen, Shenglan Zhao
CONTEXT: Walnut is a traditional food as well as a traditional medicine recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia; however, the large amounts of walnut flour (WF) generated in walnut oil production have not been well utilized. OBJECTIVE: This study maximized the total polyphenolic yield (TPY) from the walnut flour (WF) by optimizing simultaneous ultrasound/microwave-assisted hydroalcoholic extraction (SUMAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Response surface methodology was used to optimize the processing parameters for the TPY, including microwave power (20-140 W), ultrasonic power (75-525 W), extraction temperature (25-55 °C), and time (0...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738670/antidoping-program-an-important-factor-in-the-promotion-and-protection-of-the-integrity-of-sport-and-athlete-s-health
#18
Filomena Mazzeo, Vincenzo Monda, Stefania Santamaria, Ersilia Nigro, Anna Valenzano, Ines Villano, Giuseppe Cibelli, Antonietta Messina, Giovanni Messina
Use of performance-enhancing drugs concern not only elite Olympic and Paralympic Games' athletes but also amateur athletes, who are making increasing use of substances and/or methods. Furthermore, a new frontier reached by the doping is the use of genes. World Anti- Doping Agency (WADA), expressly prohibited the participation in competitive sports by the athlete in case of taking banned substances to treat disease in the event that the above assumption implies an excessive improvement of performance. This study aims to analyze and show the doping control as an essential part of the anti-doping program to promote and protect the integrity of sport and athlete's health...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738015/observational-study-to-estimate-the-changes-in-the-effectiveness-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-bcg-vaccination-with-time-since-vaccination-for-preventing-tuberculosis-in-the-uk
#19
Punam Mangtani, Patrick Nguipdop-Djomo, Ruth H Keogh, Lucy Trinder, Peter G Smith, Paul Em Fine, Jonathan Sterne, Ibrahim Abubakar, Emilia Vynnycky, John Watson, David Elliman, Marc Lipman, Laura C Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Until recently, evidence that protection from the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination lasted beyond 10 years was limited. In the past few years, studies in Brazil and the USA (in Native Americans) have suggested that protection from BCG vaccination against tuberculosis (TB) in childhood can last for several decades. The UK's universal school-age BCG vaccination programme was stopped in 2005 and the programme of selective vaccination of high-risk (usually ethnic minority) infants was enhanced...
July 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737994/impact-of-a-patient-support-program-on-patient-adherence-to-adalimumab-and-direct-medical-costs-in-crohn-s-disease-ulcerative-colitis-rheumatoid-arthritis-psoriasis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis
#20
David T Rubin, Manish Mittal, Matthew Davis, Scott Johnson, Jingdong Chao, Martha Skup
BACKGROUND: AbbVie provides a free-to-patient patient support program (PSP) to assist adalimumab-treated patients with medication costs, nurse support, injection training, pen disposal, and medication reminders. The impact of these services on patient adherence to adalimumab and direct medical costs associated with autoimmune disease has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between participation in a PSP and outcomes (adalimumab adherence, persistence, and direct medical costs) in patients initiating adalimumab treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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