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Li Huang, Yanfang Zhang, Yu-Yang Zhang, Wenyan Xu, Yande Que, En Li, Jinbo Pan, Yeliang Wang, Yunqi Liu, Shixuan Du, Sokrates T Pantelides, Hong-Jun Gao
Silicon-based two-dimensional (2D) materials are uniquely suited for integration in Si-based electronics. Silicene, an analog of graphene, was recently fabricated on several substrates and was used to make a field-effect transistor. Here, we report that, when Ru(0001) is used as a substrate, a range of distinct monolayer silicon structures forms, evolving towards silicene with increasing Si coverage. Low Si coverage produces a herringbone structure, a hitherto undiscovered 2D phase of silicon. With increasing Si coverage, herringbone elbows evolve into silicene-like honeycomb stripes under tension, resulting in a herringbone-honeycomb 2D superlattice...
January 18, 2017: Nano Letters
Jianliang Gong, Bingang Xu, Xiaoming Tao
Triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) is an innovative kind of energy harvester recently developed based on organic materials for converting mechanical energy into electricity through the conjunction use of triboelectric effect and electrostatic induction. Polymeric materials and their microstructures play key roles in the generation, accumulation, and retainment of triboelectric charges, which decisively determines the final electric performance of TENGs. Herein we report a simple and efficient breath figure micromolding approach to rapidly regulate the surface microstructures of polymeric films for the assembly of TENGs...
January 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Alessandro Molle, Joshua Goldberger, Michel Houssa, Yong Xu, Shou-Cheng Zhang, Deji Akinwande
Silicene, germanene and stanene are part of a monoelemental class of two-dimensional (2D) crystals termed 2D-Xenes (X = Si, Ge, Sn and so on) which, together with their ligand-functionalized derivatives referred to as Xanes, are comprised of group IVA atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice - similar to graphene but with varying degrees of buckling. Their electronic structure ranges from trivial insulators, to semiconductors with tunable gaps, to semi-metallic, depending on the substrate, chemical functionalization and strain...
January 16, 2017: Nature Materials
Gulfidan Cakmak, Tuba Selcuk Can, Sule Gundogdu, Canan Akman, Hande Ikitimur, Benan Musellim, Gul Ongen
:  Introduction and aim: Progressive systemic sclerosis (pSS) is a multisystemic connective tissue disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs including lung. The mechanisms that leads to progressive lung fibrosis in scleroderma remain obscure. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation between HRCT findings and patients' clinical and functional status and the degree of alveolitis based on the BAL resultsMaterials and methods: 65 patients with pSS were evaluated...
December 23, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
Masanori Akira
The concept of end-stage lung disease suggests a final common pathway for most diffuse parenchymal lung diseases. In accordance with this concept, end-stage disease is characterized radiographically and pathologically by the presence of extensive honeycombing. However, sequential computed tomographic (CT) scans obtained from patients with chronic diffuse lung disease evolve over time to show various advanced lung disease patterns other than honeycombing. Also, several radiographically distinct honeycomb patterns, including microcystic, macrocystic, mixed, and combined emphysema and honeycombing differentiate one advanced lung disease from another...
January 11, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Jean-Mathieu Vanson, Anne Boutin, Michaela Klotz, François-Xavier Coudert
We study here the interplay between transport and adsorption in porous systems with complex geometries under fluid flow. Using a lattice Boltzmann scheme extended to take into account the adsorption at solid/fluid interfaces, we investigate the influence of pore geometry and internal surface roughness on the efficiency of fluid flow and the adsorption of molecular species inside the pore space. We show how the occurrence of roughness on pore walls acts effectively as a modification of the solid/fluid boundary conditions, introducing slippage at the interface...
January 11, 2017: Soft Matter
Ester Zamarrón-de Lucas, Luis Gómez Carrera, Gema Bonilla, Dessiree Petit, Alberto Mangas, Rodolfo Álvarez-Sala
INTRODUCTION: Antisynthetase syndrome (ASS) is characterised by a series of clinical manifestations such as myositis, fever, mechanic's hands and diffuse interstitial lung disease (ILD), all associated with positivity to antisynthetase antibodies. The presence of ILD will be that, to a great extent it will mark the response to treatment and prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven cases of patients with ASS and pulmonary involvement in monitoring at a Pulmonary monographic consult in a third level hospital consult are described...
January 7, 2017: Medicina Clínica
Zhenqian Pang, Xiaokun Gu, Yujie Wei, Ronggui Yang, Mildred S Dresselhaus
Low-dimensional carbon allotropes, from fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, to graphene, have been broadly explored due to their outstanding and special properties. However, there exist significant challenges in retaining such properties of basic building blocks when scaling them up to three-dimensional materials and structures for many technological applications. Here we show theoretically the atomistic structure of a stable three-dimensional carbon honeycomb (C-honeycomb) structure with superb mechanical and thermal properties...
January 11, 2017: Nano Letters
X P Zhang, H Ni, X Wang, H Chen, S S Shi, B Yu, X J Zhou, Q Rao
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) of salivary glands, and its diagnosis, differential diagnosis, immunohistochemistry and molecular pathology. Methods: Seventeen cases of MASC were enrolled, with 9 cases of salivary acinar cell carcinoma and 18 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma as control groups from Nanjing General Hospital from 1997 to 2014 were included in this retrospective study, combined with immunohistochemistry and molecular detection of ETV6-NTRK3 gene fusion...
January 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Yinghui Yu, Huixia Fu, Limin She, Shuangzan Lu, Qinmin Guo, Hui Li, Sheng Meng, Gengyu Cao
It is highly desirable to fabricate two-dimensional ferromagnetic membranes on basis of orthodox magnetic elements due to their inherent magnetic properties. In this work, we report on two superstructures including a honeycomb-like lattice and identical nanocluster arrays formed by depositing Fe on Sb(111). Combined with first-principles calculations, both detailed atomic structures have been clarified. The honeycomb structure consists of a single layered Fe-Sb phase and the cluster phase is assigned as a (3×3) Fe3Sb7 superlattice...
January 10, 2017: ACS Nano
Wei Wang, Yuan Yao, Tianchan Luo, Lingzhi Chen, Jiaping Lin, Lei Li, Shaoliang Lin
The fabrication of desired structures is one of the most urgent topics in current research on porous polymer films. Herein, the directional photo-manipulation in conjunction with breath figure processing has been demonstrated for the preparation of porous polymeric films with finely tunable pore shape and size. Because of the photo-induced directional mass migration of azobenzene units upon vertical incident linearly polarized light (LPL) irradiation, round pores on honeycomb films can be reshaped into multifarious shapes including rectangle, rhombus, dumbbell, line, etc...
January 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lisa P Lavelle, Darragh Brady, Sinead McEvoy, David Murphy, Brian Gibney, Annika Gallagher, Marcus Butler, Fionnula Shortt, Marie McMullen, Aurelie Fabre, David A Lynch, Michael P Keane, Jonathan D Dodd
PURPOSE: We aimed to prospectively evaluate anatomic chest computed tomography (CT) with tissue characterization late gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the evaluation of pulmonary fibrosis (PF). METHODS: Twenty patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and twelve control patients underwent late-enhanced MRI and high-resolution CT. Tissue characterization of PF was depicted using a segmented inversion-recovery turbo low-angle shot MRI sequence...
January 9, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Chen Zhuang, Chengmei Shi, Furong Tao, Yuezhi Cui
The functionalized cellulose ester MCN was firstly synthesized and used to cross-link gelatin by amidation between -NH2 in gelatin and active ester groups in MCN to form a composite polymer network Gel-MCN, which was confirmed by Van Slyke method, FTIR, XRD and TGA-DTG spectra. The model drug omeprazole was loaded in Gel-MCN composites mainly by electrostatic interaction and hydrogen bonds, which were certified by FTIR, XRD and TGA-DSC. Thermal stability, anti-biodegradability, mechanical property and surface hydrophobicity of the composites with different cross-linking extents and drug loading were systematically investigated...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Stephan Rachel, Ilja Göthel, Daniel P Arovas, Matthias Vojta
Certain nonuniform strain applied to graphene flakes has been shown to induce pseudo-Landau levels in the single-particle spectrum, which can be rationalized in terms of a pseudomagnetic field for electrons near the Dirac points. However, this Landau level structure is, in general, approximate and restricted to low energies. Here, we introduce a family of strained bipartite tight-binding models in arbitrary spatial dimension d and analytically prove that their entire spectrum consists of perfectly degenerate pseudo-Landau levels...
December 23, 2016: Physical Review Letters
V T Tenner, M J A de Dood, M P van Exter
We present a systematic experimental study on the optical properties of plasmonic crystals (PlC) with hexagonal symmetry. We compare the dispersion and avoided crossings of surface plasmon modes around the Γ-point of Au-metal hole arrays with a hexagonal, honeycomb and kagome lattice. Symmetry arguments and group theory are used to label the six modes and understand their radiative and dispersive properties. Plasmon-plasmon interaction are accurately described by a coupled mode model, that contains effective scattering amplitudes of surface plasmons on a lattice of air holes under 60°, 120°, and 180°...
December 26, 2016: Optics Express
Henan Li, Yan Tian, Youpeng Qu, Ye Qiu, Jia Liu, Yujie Feng
A benthic microbial electrochemical systems (BMES) of 195 L (120 cm long, 25 cm wide and 65 cm height) was constructed for sediment organic removal. Sediment from a natural river (Ashi River) was used as test sediments in the present research. Three-dimensional anode (Tri-DSA) with honeycomb structure composed of carbon cloth and supporting skeleton was employed in this research for the first time. The results demonstrated that BMES performed good in organic-matter degradation and energy generation from sediment and could be considered for river sediments in situ restoration as novel method...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
J M Bigalke, E E Heldwein
Herpesviruses are unusual among enveloped viruses because they bud twice yet acquire a single envelope. Furthermore, unlike other DNA viruses that replicate in the nucleus, herpesviruses do not exit it by passing through the nuclear pores or by rupturing the nuclear envelope. Instead, herpesviruses have a complex mechanism of nuclear escape whereby nascent capsids bud at the inner nuclear membrane to form perinuclear virions that subsequently fuse with the outer nuclear membrane, releasing capsids into the cytosol...
2017: Advances in Virus Research
K Woods, A Ayan, J Woollard, N Gardner, N Gupta
PURPOSE: To discuss experiences and results for a 3D printed QA phantom used for daily alignment purposes for a six degrees-of-freedom (6DoF) table METHODS: A 3D model was created using a fused deposition modeling (FDM) printer using free online computer-aided design (CAD) software. The model has been under use for daily QA alignment tests for a 6DoF couch. An aligned and angled baseplate were also printed in order to introduce known angles for 6DoF corrections during image-guidance. Unique registration contours were created on the faces of the phantom in order to achieve a better cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) match using an auto-registration algorithm...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Daniella Cullen, José Luis Díaz Recuero, Roberto Cullen, José Luis Rodríguez Peralto, Heinz Kutzner, Luis Requena
BACKGROUND: Superficial acral fibromyxoma (SAF) is a benign, soft tissue neoplasm preferably located on the digits. METHODS: We collected 13 cases of SAF and evaluated their clinical, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical features. RESULTS: This study included 9 males and 4 females, median age 54 years. The patients presented with a solitary asymptomatic or tender mass, most of them arising on fingers or toes. Histopathologically all lesions consisted of nonencapsulated dermal nodules, composed of spindled cells with variable myxoid and/or fibrotic stroma...
January 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Polina M Sheverdyaeva, Sanjoy Kr Mahatha, Paolo Moras, Luca Petaccia, Guido Fratesi, Giovanni Onida, Carlo Carbone
Silicene, a honeycomb lattice of silicon, presents a particular case of allotropism on Ag(111). Silicene forms multiple structures with alike in-plane geometry but different out-of-plane atomic buckling and registry to the substrate. Angle-resolved photoemission and first-principles calculations show that these silicene structures, with (4×4), (√13×√13)R13.9°, and (2√3×2√3)R30° lattice periodicity, display similar electronic bands despite the structural differences. In all cases the interaction with the substrate modifies the electronic states, which significantly differ from those of free-standing silicene...
January 11, 2017: ACS Nano
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