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Head neck surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241379/necrotising-fasciitis-as-a-complication-of-odontogenic-infection-a-review-of-management-and-case-series
#1
K Bayetto, A Cheng, P Sambrook
OBJECTIVE: To establish the incidence of head and neck necrotising fasciitis (NF) in the Adelaide Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit. To review the current literature regarding the management of head and neck NF. To determine the evidence for the role of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of NF. METHOD: A retrospective audit of all patients admitted to the Royal Adelaide Hospital Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit 2006-2015 with severe odontogenic infections was carried out...
February 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241092/adherence-to-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-guidelines-for-time-to-initiation-of-postoperative-radiation-therapy-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#2
Evan M Graboyes, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Anand K Sharma, Eric J Lentsch, Terry A Day
BACKGROUND: Adherence to evidence-based treatment guidelines has been proposed as a measure of cancer care quality. The objective of this study was to determine the rate and predictors of care that does not adhere to National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines regarding commencing postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) within 6 weeks of surgery for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was reviewed from 2006 to 2014, and patients with HNSCC who underwent curative-intent surgery followed by PORT were identified...
February 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239589/thyroglossal-duct-cysts-a-clinicosurgical-experience
#3
Suhail Amin Patigaroo, Nisar Hussain Dar, Aleena Shafi Jallu, Rauf Ahmad
Thyroglossal cyst is the most common congenital neck mass and occurs in 7% of the population. They occur due to failure of thyroglossal duct to involute and atrophy thyroglossal duct cysts often occur in pediatric patients. Majority of them are found infrahyoid region. The purpose of the present study is to report our 5 year clinical experience of thyroglossal cysts in terms of clinical features and surgical findings with special emphasis on naked eye extend of patent thyroglossal duct when present. To the best of our knowledge this is first clinical study which has reported the extend of thyroglossal duct on naked eye...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239587/manoeuvres-to-improve-endoscopic-visualization-of-hypopharynx
#4
Pooja Thakur, V K Poorey
The more progress achieved in endoscopy, the more superficial cancers in head and neck region have been diagnosed. There are, however, some areas difficult to observe, particularly the hypopharynx, due to closure of this space. Examination of hypopharynx form an essential part of head and neck examination especially in the suspected malignancies as well as in the cases with unknown primary. As the flexible fiber-optic nasopharyngolaryngoscopy forms an essential part of examination of hypopharynx, the present study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of various manoeuvres devised to aid in better visualization of the hypopharynx...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238560/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-modalities-for-287-malignant-and-benign-salivary-tumors-a-cohort-study
#5
Yair Israel, Adi Rachmiel, Gil Ziv, Rafael Nagler
BACKGROUND: Salivary gland tumors (SGT's), 3-10% of head/neck tumors, exhibit a striking range of morphological diversity. This minimally symptomatic disease can be challenging to diagnose, and therapeutic policy is still controversial. METHODS: We compared benign and malignant cohorts according to diagnostic modality utilized and therapeutic modality administered over 20 years in a single medical center. RESULTS: Of 287 cases, 216 had benign tumors and 71 had malignant tumors...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236368/treatment-related-determinants-of-survival-in-early-stage-t1-2n0m0-oral-cavity-cancer-a-population-based-study
#6
Justin C Sowder, Richard B Cannon, Luke O Buchmann, Jason P Hunt, Ying Hitchcock, Shane Lloyd, Kenneth F Grossmann, Marcus M Monroe
BACKGROUND: National guidelines support both surgical and radiotherapy (RT) as initial treatment options for early-stage oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). There remains limited data evaluating the survival outcomes of RT and the current practice patterns for these lesions. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 8274 patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database from 1988 to 2008 with T1 to T2N0M0 oral cavity SCC. Primary outcomes were 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS)...
February 25, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236349/treatment-delays-in-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-association-with-survival
#7
Rance J T Fujiwara, Benjamin L Judson, Wendell G Yarbrough, Zain Husain, Saral Mehra
BACKGROUND: Treatment durations and factors associated with delays for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) have previously been described but are not fully understood. Impact of delays on overall survival (OS) remains unclear. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) was used to analyze 4868 patients with oral cavity SCC from 1998 to 2011. Diagnosis-to-surgery, surgery-to-radiotherapy (RT)start , RT duration, total treatment package (surgery-to-RTend ), and diagnosis-to-RTend were evaluated...
February 25, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235386/characteristics-of-ci-children-with-complicated-middle-ear-infections
#8
Søren Hoberg, Christian Danstrup, Bjarke Laursen, Niels Krintel Petersen, Nichlas Udholm, Gintaras Audrius Kamarauskas, Therese Ovesen
OBJECTIVE: To describe cases of complicated middle ear infections in children with cochlear implants (CI), i.e., episodes of acute otitis media (AOM) and acute mastoiditis (AM), resulting in hospitalization. METHODS: A total of 206 children under 16 years (300 implantations) were implanted between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2014 at the West Danish CI Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Aarhus, Denmark. By means of two prospective local databases, episodes of AOM or AM and demographics were retrieved including biochemistry, microbiology, length of follow- up, and variable treatment modalities (intravenous (IV) antibiotics, revision mastoidectomy, and insertion of ventilation tubes)...
February 24, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231577/response-evaluation-in-head-and-neck-oncology-definition-and-prediction
#9
T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler, S Laban, R Grässlin, M Beer, A J Beer, U Friebe-Hoffmann, L Bullinger, P Möller, T Wiegel
Curative treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma includes surgery and/or (chemo)radiation, whereas in the palliative setting, chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy represent(s) the standard approach. With regard to quality control, methods for determining treatment response are sorely needed. For surgical therapy, histopathology is the standard quality control. Established criteria for high-risk patients include resection margins of the primary tumor and extracapsular extension of lymph node metastases...
2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231375/predictors-of-adverse-events-after-neck-dissection-an-analysis-of-the-2006-2011-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-nsqip-database
#10
Umang Jain, Jessica Somerville, Sujata Saha, Jon P Ver Halen, Anuja K Antony, Sandeep Samant, John Y Kim
While neck dissection is an important primary and adjunctive procedure in the treatment of head and neck cancer, there is a paucity of studies evaluating outcomes. A retrospective review of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was performed to identify factors associated with adverse events (AEs) in patients undergoing neck dissection. A total of 619 patients were identified, using CPT codes specific to neck dissection. Of the 619 patients undergoing neck dissection, 142 (22.9%) experienced an AE within 30 days of the surgical procedure...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225552/potential-clinical-significance-of-perioperative-levels-of-mrna-in-plasma-from-patients-with-cancer-of-the-larynx-or-hypopharynx
#11
Dolores C García-Olmo, J Diego Contreras, María G Picazo, Jesús López-Torres, Damián García-Olmo
BACKGROUND: The use of plasma as a "liquid biopsy" has gained increasing attention. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic utility of the perioperative detection and quantitation of mRNAs encoding human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) in plasma from patients with cancer of the larynx or hypopharynx. METHODS: We recruited 47 patients with laryngeal cancer and 2 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer, plus 27 healthy subjects...
February 22, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219181/-immunotherapy-for-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
J Chen, M Chen, H T Wu
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma(HNSCC) is the sixth most common malignancies of human beings. The prognosis of advanced HNSCC is poor despite improvements in traditional treatment strategies including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Cancer immunotherapy is the use of the immune system to treat cancer, which provides a sustained antitumor reaction but an absense of chemoresistance. Cancer immunotherapy is becoming the forth treatment strategy towards cancer. Therefore, we reviewed the current state of immunotherapy for HNSCC...
February 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218416/physiology-of-midbrain-head-movement-neurons-in-cervical-dystonia
#13
Alexey Sedov, Valentin Popov, Vladimir Shabalov, Svetlana Raeva, H A Jinnah, Aasef G Shaikh
BACKGROUND: Early theories for cervical dystonia, as promoted by Hassler, emphasized the role of the midbrain interstitial nucleus of Cajal. Focus then shifted to the basal ganglia, and it was further supported with the success of deep brain stimulation. Contemporary theories suggested the role of the cerebellum, but even more recent hypotheses renewed interest in the midbrain. Although the pretectum was visited on several occasions, we still do not know about the physiology of midbrain neurons in cervical dystonia...
February 20, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217433/visual-analogue-scales-vas-measuring-instruments-for-the-documentation-of-symptoms-and-therapy-monitoring-in-cases-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-everyday-health-care-position-paper-of-the-german-society-of-allergology-aeda-and-the-german-society-of-allergy-and-clinical
#14
Ludger Klimek, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Tilo Biedermann, Jean Bousquet, Peter Hellings, Kirsten Jung, Hans Merk, Heidi Olze, Wolfgang Schlenter, Philippe Stock, Johannes Ring, Martin Wagenmann, Wolfgang Wehrmann, Ralph Mösges, Oliver Pfaar
BACKROUND: Visual analogue scales (VAS) are psychometric measuring instruments designed to document the characteristics of disease-related symptom severity in individual patients and use this to achieve a rapid (statistically measurable and reproducible) classification of symptom severity and disease control. VAS can also be used in routine patient history taking and to monitor the course of a chronic disease such as allergic rhinitis (AR). More specifically, the VAS has been used to assess effectiveness of AR therapy in real life, both in intermittent and persistent disease...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216709/nasal-ala-pressure-sores-following-head-and-neck-reconstructive-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-tertiary-cancer-hospital
#15
Sonal Rastogi, Tshering Bhutia, Annu Singh, Pattatheyil Arun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212664/the-impact-of-high-total-cholesterol-and-high-low-density-lipoprotein-on-avascular-necrosis-of-the-femoral-head-in-low-energy-femoral-neck-fractures
#16
Xianshang Zeng, Ke Zhan, Lili Zhang, Dan Zeng, Weiguang Yu, Xinchao Zhang, Mingdong Zhao, Zhicheng Lai, Runzhen Chen
BACKGROUND: Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVNFH) typically constitutes 5 to 15% of all complications of low-energy femoral neck fractures, and due to an increasingly ageing population and a rising prevalence of femoral neck fractures, the number of patients who develop AVNFH is increasing. However, there is no consensus regarding the relationship between blood lipid abnormalities and postoperative AVNFH. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationship between blood lipid abnormalities and AVNFH following the femoral neck fracture operation among an elderly population...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209412/injectable-chondroplasty-enzymatic-reshaping-of-cartilage-grafts
#17
J R Gandy, A Foulad, K K Chao, B J F Wong
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To develop an injection-based enzymatic technique that selectively softens cartilage tissue for reshaping cartilaginous structures in the head and neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two groups were formed using fresh rabbit ears: (1) whole rabbit ear group; (2) composite graft group (2.5mm×3.0cm specimens sectioned from the central region of the pinna). Subperichondrial injections using three enzymes (hyaluronidase, pronase, and collagenase II) in sequence were performed for the experimental specimens from both groups...
February 10, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209109/a-rare-case-of-giant-mesenteric-cystic-lymphangioma-of-the-small-bowel-in-an-adult-a-case-presentation-and-literature-review
#18
Z Mehmedovic, M Mehmedovic, M K Custovic, A Sadikovic, N Mekic
Background : Lymphangiomas are tumours that are often found in the head and neck in children and, rarely, in adults. Among all lymphangiomas in adults, the small bowel mesentery type accounts for less than 1%. We aim to present a rare case of small bowel symptomatic cystic lymphangioma in an adult patient, as well as its diagnosis and subsequent treatment. Patient : An adult female who was admitted to the University Clinical Center Tuzla for surgery presented with abdominal pain, tenderness and swelling of the abdomen...
September 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208989/central-telangiectatic-osteosarcoma-of-the-mandible-in-a-paediatric-patient-a-rarity
#19
Divya Tomar, Manu Dhillon, Muhamad Nishad Thayath, Iram Zaidi, Shikha Singh
Osteosarcoma (OS) involving the head and neck region is rare and is a diagnostic challenge due to its aggressive nature and varied presentations. Although OS constitute 40% to 60% of all bone tumours, only 10% of these occur in the head and neck region, most commonly in the maxilla and mandible. OS of the jaw bone has a different pattern and behaviour when compared to OS at other anatomic location. It occurs in a more elderly population, less aggressive and usually spreads locally rather than distant metastases...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208184/jama-otolaryngology-head-neck-surgery
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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