keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Head neck surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346729/comparison-of-the-safety-of-electrotome-harmonic-scalpel-and-ligasure-for-management-of-thyroid-surgery
#1
Xiaodong Yang, Jian Cao, Yichao Yan, Fangfang Liu, Tao Li, Long Han, Chunxiang Ye, Shuying Zheng, Shan Wang, Yingjiang Ye, Kewei Jiang
BACKGROUND: Energy-based surgical devices, including electrotome, the Harmonic scalpel, and LigaSure, have been widely applied in thyroid surgery, although a comparison of their safety and efficacy has not been reported yet. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of using hemostatic energy-based surgical devices during thyroid surgery in a canine model. METHODS: Twenty-four beagle dogs were randomly divided into the following groups: electrotome (30 kW), electrotome (15 kW), the Harmonic scalpel (output level 3), and LigaSure (middle gear)...
March 27, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345267/color-duplex-ultrasonography-versus-handheld-doppler-to-plan-anterior-lateral-thigh-flaps
#2
Bernd Lethaus, Christina Loberg, Anita Kloss-Brandstätter, Alexander K Bartella, Timm Steiner, Ali Modabber, Frank Hölzle, Jan Teichmann
BACKGROUND: The anterior lateral thigh flap (ALT) has become increasingly important in reconstructive surgery in the head and neck region. To cope with the problem of anatomical variability in the supplying blood vessels, preoperative evaluation is desirable. Purpose of the study is to compare the most commonly used Doppler devices Handheld Doppler (HD) and Color Doppler Ultrasonography (CDU) for their clinical reliability. METHODS: Forty five consecutive head and neck cancer patients (mean age 66...
March 27, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343872/orbital-decompression-for-thyroid-eye-disease
#3
Daniel B Rootman
The literature regarding orbital decompression for thyroid eye disease is vast, spanning multiple specialty areas including neurosurgery, head and neck, maxillofacial and ophthalmic plastic surgery. Although techniques have advanced considerably over the more than 100 years during which this procedure has been performed, the four major approaches remain: transorbital, transcranial, transantral and transnasal. The explosion in literature related to orbital decompression has mostly involved minor technical variations on broader surgical themes...
March 23, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343337/trismus-following-different-treatment-modalities-for-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-subjective-measures
#4
REVIEW
Sook Y Loh, Robert W J Mcleod, Hassan A Elhassan
The aim of this review was to compare systematically the subjective measure of trismus between different interventions to treat head and neck cancer, particularly those of the oropharynx. Using The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Guidelines, Six databases were searched for the text using various terms which include "oropharyngeal/head and neck cancer", "trismus/mouth opening" and the various treatment modalities. Included in the review were clinical studies (> or =10 patients)...
March 25, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342884/oral-cancer-reconstruction-using-the-supraclavicular-artery-island-flap-comparison-to-free-radial-forearm-flap
#5
Christian Welz, Martin Canis, Sabina Schwenk-Zieger, Jennifer L Spiegel, Bernhard G Weiß, Yiannis Pilavakis
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the pedicled supraclavicular artery island flap (SCAIF) is a sufficient alternative to the fasciocutaneous radial forearm free flap (RFFF) for oral reconstruction in cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors designed and implemented a retrospective cohort study composed of all consecutive patients who underwent head and neck reconstruction after cancer surgery at their tertiary university hospital from 2013 to 2016. Demographics and peri- and postoperative information were recorded and statistically analyzed...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342837/-malignant-cutaneous-adnexal-neoplasms-of-the-face-and-scalp-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-update
#6
M Romeu, J M Foletti, C Chossegros, J P Dales, P Berbis, B Cribier, L Guyot
INTRODUCTION: Malignant cutaneous adnexal neoplasms are rare and have been characterized only recently. They can occur at any age but preferentially in elderly. There are 3 of them: trichoblastic carcinoma, trichilemmal carcinoma and malignant pilomatricoma. The aim of our study was to make a diagnostic and therapeutic update about these tumors when located at the face or at the scalp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A bibliographic research was made on PubMed using following keywords: appendage skin carcinoma AND pathology AND/OR therapeutic...
March 22, 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342482/treatment-outcomes-in-veterans-with-hpv-positive-head-and-neck-cancer
#7
Aaron J Feinstein, Sophie G Shay, Elena Chang, Michael S Lewis, Marilene B Wang
OBJECTIVES: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) has an improved prognosis relative to HPV-negative tumors. Patients with HPV-positive disease may benefit from different treatment modalities in order to optimize survival and quality of life. We sought to investigate HPV-positive HNSCC within the military veteran population, and analyze the role of treatment modality in outcomes of patients with HPV-positive and HPV-negative tumors. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with HNSCC between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014 at one regional veterans health center were retrospectively examined...
March 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340311/early-clinical-efficacy-comparison-study-of-gamma3-nail-percutaneous-compression-plate-pccp-and-femoral-head-replacement-fhr-treatment-on-senile-unstable-intertrochanteric-fractures
#8
Shaofeng Yang, Yanan Liu, Tongqi Yang, Jun Zou, Huilin Yang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the early clinical efficacy of Gamma 3 nail, percutaneous compression plate (PCCP) and femoral head replacement (FHR) treatments on senile unstable intertrochanteric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally 116 patients were included to perform an retrospective study, which involved analysis of the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and hemoglobin reduction on the first postoperative day compared with preoperative levels, fracture gap, neck shaft angle and tip apex distance on the first postoperative X-ray, hospital stay, time from surgery to mobilization, Harris hip scores and Barthel index six months after operation, and complications postoperative meanwhile were evaluated respectively among three groups...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338438/learning-brain-aneurysm-microsurgical-skills-in-a-human-placenta-model-predictive-validity
#9
Marcelo Magaldi Ribeiro de Oliveira, Carlos Eduardo Ferrarez, Taise Mosso Ramos, Jose Augusto Malheiros, Arthur Nicolato, Carla Jorge Machado, Mauro Tostes Ferreira, Fellype Borges de Oliveira, Cecília Félix Penido Mendes de Sousa, Pollyana Helena Vieira Costa, Sebastiao Gusmao, Giuseppe Lanzino, Rolando Del Maestro
OBJECTIVE Surgery for brain aneurysms is technically demanding. In recent years, the process to learn the technical skills necessary for these challenging procedures has been affected by a decrease in the number of surgical cases available and progressive restrictions on resident training hours. To overcome these limitations, surgical simulators such as cadaver heads and human placenta models have been developed. However, the effectiveness of these models in improving technical skills is unknown. This study assessed concurrent and predictive validity of brain aneurysm surgery simulation in a human placenta model compared with a "live" human brain cadaveric model...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336321/the-histological-and-histomorphometric-changes-in-the-mandible-after-radiotherapy-an-animal-model
#10
Lucas J Poort, Johan H B Ludlage, Nienke Lie, Roland A Böckmann, Jim C E Odekerken, Frank J Hoebers, Peter A W H Kessler
PURPOSE: Approximately 5% of irradiated head and neck cancer patients develop osteoradionecrosis of the mandible. The current non-surgical treatment options for osteoradionecrosis have limited effects and are based on a small number of studies. Therefore, we aimed to enhance the understanding of the pathophysiology of osteoradionecrosis by investigating changes induced by external irradiation in mini-pigs. METHODS: Sixteen Göttingen mini-pigs were divided into four groups for the application in two fractions with total equivalent radiation dosages of 25, 50, 70 Gray, and one group served as control...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336186/variation-in-head-and-neck-cancer-care-in-the-netherlands-a-retrospective-cohort-evaluation-of-incidence-treatment-and-outcome
#11
M de Ridder, A J M Balm, R J Baatenburg de Jong, C H J Terhaard, R P Takes, M Slingerland, E Dik, R J E Sedee, J G A M de Visscher, H Bouman, S M Willems, M W Wouters, L E Smeele, B A C van Dijk
BACKGROUND: To explore variation in numbers and treatment between hospitals that treat head and neck cancer (HNC) in the Netherlands. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient, tumor and treatment characteristics were collected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry, while histopathological features were obtained by linkage to the national pathology record register PALGA. Inter-hospital variation in volume, stage, treatment, pathologically confirmed loco-regional recurrence and overall survival rate was evaluated by tumor site...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334917/late-onset-cystic-brain-necrosis-after-radiotherapy-for-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#12
Wenli Fang, Beibei Gu, Xiuna Jing, Songhua Xiao, Shengnuo Fan, Wang Liao, Yuqiu Zheng, Jun Liu
Background: Cystic brain radionecrosis (CBRN) is a late-onset devastating complication after radiotherapy for head and neck neoplasms, especially for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). To our knowledge, it has scarcely been reported. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all available medical records of NPC patients with CBRN who were treated with surgical intervention. Results: Sixteen patients were identified in this study and the mean latency of CBRN was 9...
February 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334798/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-major-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#13
Yun Zhu, Gangpu Wang, Shengwen Liu, Shanghui Zhou, Ying Lian, Chenping Zhang, Wenjun Yang
Objective: Postoperative delirium is common after extensive surgery. This study aimed to collate and synthesize published literature on risk factors for delirium in patients with head and neck cancer surgery. Methods: Three databases were searched (MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library) between January 1987 and July 2016. The Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS) was adopted to evaluate the study quality. Pooled odds ratios or mean differences for individual risk factors were estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel and inverse-variance methods...
February 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330802/orofacial-trauma-in-rural-india-a-clinical-study
#14
Sunita Malik, Gurdarshan Singh, Gagandeep Kaur, Sunil Yadav, Hitesh C Mittal
PURPOSE: Orofacial trauma is becoming a leading medical problem worldwide. Most of the studies pertaining to orofacial trauma have been done in urban areas but very little scientific literature is available for rural areas. METHODS: A prospective medical institute-based study of orofacial injury patients was carried out from May 2013 to April 2016 (36 Months). Data regarding incidence, age and sex distribution, causes, types and site of injury, treatment modalities and trauma associated complications were collected and analysed...
February 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330704/an-update-on-non-extremity-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#15
S J Ford, L M Almond, A Gronchi
The management of soft tissue sarcoma is challenging and varied. Centralisation of management in high volume specialist centres has revolutionised outcomes. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment and is currently the only potentially curative therapy. Retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma presents a particular challenge to the surgical oncologist and the concept of extended resection to include surrounding expendable organs taken en bloc with the tumour has now largely been adopted. The use of neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies for retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma is still to be established, although they are employed on a case-specific basis...
March 19, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327089/uniform-fdg-pet-guided-gradient-dose-prescription-to-reduce-late-radiation-toxicity-upgrade-rt-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-dose-reduction-to-the-elective-neck-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Sven van den Bosch, Tim Dijkema, Martina C Kunze-Busch, Chris H J Terhaard, Cornelis P J Raaijmakers, Patricia A H Doornaert, Frank J P Hoebers, Marije R Vergeer, Bas Kreike, Oda B Wijers, Wim J G Oyen, Johannes H A M Kaanders
BACKGROUND: In definitive radiation therapy for head and neck cancer, clinically uninvolved cervical lymph nodes are irradiated with a so-called 'elective dose' in order to achieve control of clinically occult metastases. As a consequence of high-resolution diagnostic imaging, occult tumor volume has significantly decreased in the last decades. Since the elective dose is dependent on occult tumor volume, the currently used elective dose may be higher than necessary. Because bilateral irradiation of the neck contributes to dysphagia, xerostomia and hypothyroidism in a dose dependent way, dose de-escalation to these regions can open a window of opportunity to reduce toxicity and improve quality of life after treatment...
March 21, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326242/nasal-lobular-capillary-hemangioma-as-a-complication-after-an-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-gonadotrophin-producing-pituitary-adenoma-resection
#17
Dalila Forte, Amets Sagarribay Irañeta, Anabela Nabais, António Figueiredo, Manuela Mafra, Victor Gonçalves
Background Lobular capillary hemangioma is a rare benign tumor, most frequently located in the head or neck region, the nasal cavity being uncommonly affected. Its etiopathogenesis is not fully established, although traumatic and hormonal factors have been implied. Case Description A 50-year-old female patient underwent an uneventful endoscopic transsphenoidal removal of a pituitary cystic macroadenoma at our institution. Nasal packing was used in postoperative hemostasis. Histopathology was compatible with a gonadotrophin-producing adenoma...
January 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326214/open-and-arthroscopic-with-mini-open-surgical-hip-approaches-for-treatment-of-pigmented-villonodular-synovitis-and-concomitant-hip-pathology
#18
Bridget Ellsworth, Atul F Kamath
Background. Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare benign tumor affecting large joints and prompts excision to prevent local destruction of the joint. The purpose of this case report is to describe two differing surgical approaches for management of PVNS of the hip in patients requiring concomitant treatment for additional hip pathology. Methods. This report discusses the presentation, clinical and radiographic findings, and operative management of two contrasting cases of PVNS of the hip. Case 1 describes a 31-year-old female with localized PVNS in addition to a labral tear treated with arthroscopic labral repair followed by tumor excision via a mini-open incision...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325255/mucosal-melanoma-of-the-head-and-neck
#19
REVIEW
Paolo Antonio Ascierto, Remo Accorona, Gerardo Botti, Davide Farina, Piero Fossati, Gemma Gatta, Helen Gogas, Davide Lombardi, Roberto Maroldi, Piero Nicolai, Marco Ravanelli, Vito Vanella
Mucosal melanoma of the head and neck is a very rare and aggressive malignancy with a very poor prognosis. The nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and oral cavity are the most common locations. One-, 3- and 5-year survival rates between 2000 and 2007 were 63%, 30% and 20%, respectively. Cigarette smoking seems to be a risk factor even though the evidence for this is very low. Clinical signs and symptoms are usually nonspecific. While surgery is considered the mainstay of treatment for most mucosal melanomas of the head and neck region, radiotherapy has a role in local control of the disease after surgery...
April 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324180/lateral-pharyngotomy-approach-in-the-treatment-of-oropharyngeal-carcinoma
#20
Andy Bertolin, Guido Ghirardo, Marco Lionello, Luciano Giacomelli, Marco Lucioni, Giuseppe Rizzotto
Surgery for early-intermediate oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) may involve using transoral endoscopic approaches or open surgical procedures. "Lateral pharyngotomy" (LP) is an open surgical approach that improves exposure of the oropharyngeal region, while avoiding mandibulotomy. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively analyze our experience with the surgical treatment of early-intermediate OPSCC using the LP approach, and to investigate the potentially prognostic clinical and/or pathological factors that might identify patients at higher risk of recurrence after primary surgery...
March 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
keyword
keyword
37945
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"