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April 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Matti Aapro, Mark Clemons, Lee Schwartzberg, David Warr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
C M Chingkoe, A Brook, A J Moser, K J Mortele
PURPOSE: At our tertiary medical center, multidisciplinary subspecialists meet twice a week during a CME-accredited conference to discuss oncologic and non-oncologic patients with pancreatic diseases at which time a subspecialized abdominal staff radiologist reinterprets the patient's relevant imaging studies. This study assesses the changes in patient management due to imaging reinterpretation during multidisciplinary pancreas conference (MPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, IRB-approved, HIPAA-compliant study, imaging studies of all patients discussed at MPC between July 1 and December 31, 2015 were assessed for technical adequacy, and original reports analyzed for congruency with reinterpretation...
March 17, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Kristie Wrasman, Salvatore L Alioto, Yorke Zhang, Kyle Hoban, Marjon Khairy, Bruce L Goode, Beverly Wendland
Endocytosis is a fundamental process for internalizing material from the plasma membrane, including many transmembrane proteins that are selectively internalized depending on environmental conditions. In most cells, the main route of entry is clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME), a process that involves the coordinated activity of over 60 proteins; however, there are likely as-yet unidentified proteins involved in cargo selection and/or regulation of endocytosis. We performed a mutagenic screen to identify novel endocytic genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing the methionine permease Mup1 tagged with pHluorin (pHl), a pH-sensitive GFP variant whose fluorescence is quenched upon delivery to the acidic vacuole lumen...
March 14, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Christopher J Gill, Ngoc Bao Le, Nafisa Halim, Cao Thi Hue Chi, Viet Ha Nguyen, Rachael Bonawitz, Pham Vu Hoang, Hoang Long Nguyen, Phan Thi Thu Huong, Anna Larson Williams, Ngoc Anh Le, Lora Sabin
Background: Continuing medical education (CME) is indispensable, but costs are a barrier. We tested the effectiveness of a novel mHealth intervention (mCME V.2.0) promoting CME among Vietnamese HIV clinicians. Methods: We enrolled HIV clinicians from three provinces near Hanoi. The 6-month intervention consisted of (1) daily short message service multiple-choice quiz questions, (2) daily linked readings, (3) links to online CME courses and (4) feedback messages describing the performance of the participant relative to the group...
2018: BMJ Global Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
David O Holland, Margaret E Johnson
Stoichiometric balance, or dosage balance, implies that proteins that are subunits of obligate complexes (e.g. the ribosome) should have copy numbers expressed to match their stoichiometry in that complex. Establishing balance (or imbalance) is an important tool for inferring subunit function and assembly bottlenecks. We show here that these correlations in protein copy numbers can extend beyond complex subunits to larger protein-protein interactions networks (PPIN) involving a range of reversible binding interactions...
March 8, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Kerry Wilbur, Alaa Elmubark, Sara Shabana
INTRODUCTION: The standardized patient (SP) has assumed a fundamental role in undergraduate medical education since first conceived over 50 years ago. While widely used in student training and assessment of communication and clinical examination across health disciplines, little is known how SPs enhance knowledge or skill development among professionals. We conducted a systematic review to determine the effectiveness of SPs in continuing medical education (CME) programs. METHODS: Authors independently searched for studies published between 1966 and 2016, describing CME initiatives using SP encounters as practice for participants compared with those which did not...
January 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Furman S McDonald, Lauren M Duhigg, Gerald K Arnold, Ruth M Hafer, Rebecca S Lipner
BACKGROUND: Some have questioned whether successful performance in the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program is meaningful. The association of the ABIM Internal Medicine (IM) MOC examination with state medical board disciplinary actions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess risk of disciplinary actions among general internists who did and did not pass the MOC examination within 10 years of initial certification. DESIGN: Historical population cohort study...
March 7, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Maciek Adamowski, Madhumitha Narasimhan, Urszula Kania, Matouš Glanc, Geert De Jaeger, Jiří Friml
Clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) is a cellular trafficking process in which cargoes and lipids are internalized from the plasma membrane into vesicles coated with clathrin and adaptor proteins. CME is essential for many developmental and physiological processes in plants, but its underlying mechanism is not well characterised compared to that in yeast and animal systems. Here, we searched for new factors involved in CME in Arabidopsis thaliana by performing Tandem Affinity Purification of proteins that interact with clathrin light chain, a principal component of the clathrin coat...
March 6, 2018: Plant Cell
Colten Wendel, Helena Zakrzewski, Bruce Carleton, Mahyar Etminan, Frederick S Mikelberg
PURPOSE: To determine the association of post-operative topical prostaglandin analog (PGA) or topical beta-blocker use and the incidence of pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME). METHODS AND PATIENTS: This was a nested case control study. All adult patients who underwent cataract surgery between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2016 and who were enrolled in the PharMetrics Plus database were eligible for inclusion. The association between post-operative topical PGAs (bimatoprost, latanoprost and travoprost/travoprost-z) or beta-blocker (betaxolol, levobunolol and timolol) use and the incidence of pseudophakic CME was assessed by conditional logistic regression...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Larry Culpepper, Raymond W Lam, Roger S McIntyre
How can you help your patients who are experiencing both depression and cognitive dysfunction? Tune in to this CME podcast to hear experts in psychiatry discuss 2 patient cases that illustrate the burden of cognitive impairment in major depressive disorder as well as effective assessment tools and management strategies.
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Roger S McIntyre
How many of your patients achieve remission from depression with their first treatment? In this CME Health Spectrum activity, enter a virtual office to follow 2 patient cases about inadequate response to treatment. Learn as an expert describes strategies based on recent evidence-based guidelines.
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Louis Staple, Alix Carter, Jan L Jensen, Mark Walker
BACKGROUND: Paramedics participate in continuing medical education (CME) to maintain their skills and knowledge. An understanding of learning styles is important for education to be effective. This study examined the preferred learning styles of ground ambulance paramedics and describes how their preferred learning styles relate to the elective CME activities these paramedics attend. METHODS: All paramedics (n=1,036) employed in a provincial ground ambulance service were invited to participate in a survey containing three parts: demographics, learning style assessed by the Kolb Learning Style Inventory (LSI), and elective CME activity...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Waseem H Ansari, Andrew W Browne, Rishi P Singh
Purpose: To report the case of an adult male with X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) who presented with cystoid macular edema (CME) that responded consistently to treatment with intravitreal steroids. Observations: A 39 year old male with unilateral presentation of CME after repair of a retinal detachment secondary to XLRS responded initially to an injection of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA). Central subfield thickness on OCT was reduced. Three months later, the CME recurred and he was unresponsive to topical treatment so repeat IVTA was given, and the CME once again was reduced dramatically...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Trevor Kindle, Tanner Ferguson, Mitch Ibach, Michael Greenwood, Justin Schweitzer, Russell Swan, Ramu G Sudhagoni, John P Berdahl
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravitreal administration of a steroid and antibiotics during cataract surgery compared with the typical postoperative topical regimen in preventing postoperative inflammation, pain, cystoid macular edema (CME), and endophthalmitis. SETTING: Private practice, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: The study group included eyes that had an intravitreal injection of triamcinolone-moxifloxacin-vancomycin at the time of cataract surgery with concomitant trabecular microbypass stent insertion...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Chengguo Zuo, Lan Mi, Dan Ye, Xinxing Guo, Hui Xiao, Mingxing Wu, Xing Liu
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with toxic retinopathy after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation when the correct cefuroxime dilution is administered. SETTING: State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients developing toxic retinopathy after phacoemulsification between January 2016 and April 2017 were observed...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Mustapha Tacherfiout, Petar D Petrov, Marco Mattonai, Erika Ribechini, Joan Ribot, M Luisa Bonet, Bachra Khettal
The Mediterranean buckthorn, Rhamnus alaternus L., is a plant used in traditional medicine in Mediterranean countries. We aimed at characterizing its phenolic compounds and explore potential antihyperlipidemic activity of this plant. The profile of phenolic compounds in R. alaternus leaf crude methanolic extract (CME) and its liquid-liquid extraction-derived fractions were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-MS2 ). Effects of CME on: circulating lipids in rats with Triton WR-1339-induced hyperlipidemia, intracellular lipid accumulation and expression of genes of fatty acid metabolism in human hepatoma HepG2 cells, and adipogenesis in the 3T3-L1 murine adipocyte cell model were assessed...
March 1, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Garrett R Dowdy, Paul I Barton
The method of moments has been proposed as a potential means to reduce the dimensionality of the chemical master equation (CME) appearing in stochastic chemical kinetics. However, attempts to apply the method of moments to the CME usually result in the so-called closure problem. Several authors have proposed moment closure schemes, which allow them to obtain approximations of quantities of interest, such as the mean molecular count for each species. However, these approximations have the dissatisfying feature that they come with no error bounds...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
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