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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820951/lactation-consultants-perceived-barriers-to-providing-professional-breastfeeding-support
#1
Erica H Anstey, Martha Coulter, Cecilia M Jevitt, Kay M Perrin, Sharon Dabrow, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Addressing suboptimal breastfeeding initiation and duration rates is a priority in the United States. To address challenges to improving these rates, the voices of the providers who work with breastfeeding mothers should be heard. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to explore lactation consultants' perceived barriers to managing early breastfeeding problems. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with a grounded theory methodological approach...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817359/developing-the-storyline-for-an-advance-care-planning-video-for-surgery-patients-patient-centered-outcomes-research-engagement-from-stakeholder-summit-to-state-fair
#2
Rebecca A Aslakson, Anne L R Schuster, Thomas J Lynch, Matthew J Weiss, Lydia Gregg, Judith Miller, Sarina R Isenberg, Norah L Crossnohere, Alison M Conca-Cheng, Angelo E Volandes, Thomas J Smith, John F P Bridges
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) methods and social learning theory (SLT) require intensive interaction between researchers and stakeholders. Advance care planning (ACP) is valuable before major surgery, but a systematic review found no extant perioperative ACP tools. Consequently, PCOR methods and SLT can inform the development of an ACP educational video for patients and families preparing for major surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to develop and test acceptability of an ACP video storyline...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812825/evaluating-global-health-partnerships-a-case-study-of-a-gavi-hpv-vaccine-application-process-in-uganda
#3
Carol Kamya, Jessica Shearer, Gilbert Asiimwe, Emily Carnahan, Nicole Salisbury, Peter Waiswa, Jennifer Brinkerhoff, Dai Hozumi
BACKGROUND: Global health partnerships have grown rapidly in number and scope, yet there has been less emphasis on their evaluation. Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, is one such public-private partnership; in Gavi-eligible countries partnerships are dynamic networks of immunization actors who work together to support all stages and aspects of Gavi support. This paper describes a conceptual framework - the partnership framework - and analytic approach for evaluating the perceptions of partnerships' added value as well as the results from an application to one case in Uganda...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810482/a-journey-in-the-field-of-health-from-social-psychology-to-multi-disciplinarity
#4
Claudine Herzlich
"Health psychology" is a newer sub-discipline whose research methodologies, theories, and practices were borrowed from diverse areas of psychology. It appeared later in France than in the United States or United Kingdom., In 1966, I adopted a perspective between anthropology and psycho-sociology of medicine. I never have self-identified as a "Health Psychologist", continuing to work outside of disciplinary boundary constraints, but studied health questions moving first from psychology (and anthropology), through social psychology to sociology...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805441/examining-overlap-in-behavioral-and-neural-representations-of-morals-facts-and-preferences
#5
Jordan Theriault, Adam Waytz, Larisa Heiphetz, Liane Young
Metaethical judgments refer to judgments about the information expressed by moral claims. Moral objectivists generally believe that moral claims are akin to facts, whereas moral subjectivists generally believe that moral claims are more akin to preferences. Evidence from developmental and social psychology has generally favored an objectivist view; however, this work has typically relied on few examples, and analyses have disallowed statistical generalizations beyond these few stimuli. The present work addresses whether morals are represented as fact-like or preference-like, using behavioral and neuroimaging methods, in combination with statistical techniques that can (a) generalize beyond our sample stimuli, and (b) test whether particular item features are associated with neural activity...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805188/managing-faecal-incontinence-in-people-with-advanced-dementia-resident-in-care-homes-finch-study-a-realist-synthesis-of-the-evidence
#6
Claire Goodman, Christine Norton, Marina Buswell, Bridget Russell, Danielle Harari, Rowan Harwood, Brenda Roe, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Vari M Drennan, Mandy Fader, Michelle Maden, Karen Cummings, Frances Bunn
BACKGROUND: Eighty per cent of care home residents in the UK are living with dementia. The prevalence of faecal incontinence (FI) in care homes is estimated to range from 30% to 50%. There is limited evidence of what is effective in the reduction and management of FI in care homes. OBJECTIVE: To provide a theory-driven explanation of the effectiveness of programmes that aim to improve FI in people with advanced dementia in care homes. DESIGN: A realist synthesis...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805127/the-role-of-heroic-doubling-in-ideologically-motivated-state-and-terrorist-violence
#7
Roger Griffin
The psychiatrist Robert Lifton developed his model of 'doubling' to account for the capacity of some human beings to commit atrocities in one compartment of their lives, while continuing to maintain normal social relations in their domestic sphere, a phenomenon which he encountered both in interviews with former Nazi doctors working in concentration camps, and with terrorists belonging to the Japanese Aum Shinrikyo cult. By supplementing this model with a theory of heroization based on existential anthropology and Jung's concept of the Shadow, a composite heuristic explanatory paradigm is formed, 'heroic doubling', which may contribute to the empathetic understanding of acts of extreme violence being carried out by individuals who do not present symptoms of psychiatric disorder and maintain normal existences, yet are prepared to kill and be killed for a cause that confers on their lives a sense of transcendent purpose and sacrality...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800353/how-do-users-design-the-case-of-sugar-cane-harvester-machines
#8
Lidiane Regina Narimoto, João Alberto Camarotto
BACKGROUND: Design in use and inventiveness are key concepts in ergonomics. It is well-known that users design but is not explored in the literature how they manage to do that. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to contribute to the discussion of how users actually design, by showing a research conducted in sugar cane harvesting in Brazil and in Australia. METHODS: Through the methodology of the Ergonomic Work Analysis (EWA), the design modifications made by the harvesting teams were identified as well as their elaboration process...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790343/strategic-tradeoffs-in-competitor-dynamics-on-adaptive-networks
#9
Laurent Hébert-Dufresne, Antoine Allard, Pierre-André Noël, Jean-Gabriel Young, Eric Libby
Recent empirical work highlights the heterogeneity of social competitions such as political campaigns: proponents of some ideologies seek debate and conversation, others create echo chambers. While symmetric and static network structure is typically used as a substrate to study such competitor dynamics, network structure can instead be interpreted as a signature of the competitor strategies, yielding competition dynamics on adaptive networks. Here we demonstrate that tradeoffs between aggressiveness and defensiveness (i...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780925/motivational-mechanisms-in-the-relation-between-job-characteristics-and-employee-functioning
#10
Anja H Olafsen, Hallgeir Halvari
This study investigates the job demands-resources (JD-R) model in relation to work motivation in a self-determination theory (SDT) perspective, with the purpose of developing a model where social-contextual factors are seen in relation to psychological needs in order to explain autonomous work motivation and, in turn, self-reported work performance and somatic symptom burden. SEM-analyses of cross-sectional survey data including 405 waiters/waitresses in Norway were conducted to evaluate the hypothesized model...
August 7, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774759/parents-perspectives-on-navigating-the-work-of-speaking-up-in-the-nicu
#11
Audrey Lyndon, Kirsten Wisner, Carrie Holschuh, Kelly M Fagan, Linda S Franck
OBJECTIVE: To describe parents' perspectives and likelihood of speaking up about safety concerns in the NICU and identify barriers and facilitators to parents speaking up. DESIGN: Exploratory, qualitatively driven, mixed-methods design using questionnaires, interviews, and observations with parents of newborns in the NICU. The qualitative investigation was based on constructivist grounded theory. Quantitative measures included ratings and free-text responses about the likelihood of speaking up in response to a hypothetical scenario about lack of clinician hand hygiene...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772297/use-of-adult-patient-focus-groups-to-develop-the-initial-item-bank-for-a-cochlear-implant-quality-of-life-instrument
#12
Theodore R McRackan, Craig A Velozo, Meredith A Holcomb, Elizabeth L Camposeo, Jonathan L Hatch, Ted A Meyer, Paul R Lambert, Cathy L Melvin, Judy R Dubno
Importance: No instrument exists to assess quality of life (QOL) in adult cochlear implant (CI) users that has been developed and validated using accepted scientific standards. Objective: To develop a CI-specific QOL instrument for adults in accordance with the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) guidelines. Design, Setting, and Participants: As required in the PROMIS guidelines, patient focus groups participated in creation of the initial item bank...
August 3, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771020/the-influence-of-peer-behavior-as-a-function-of-social-and-cultural-closeness-a-meta-analysis-of-normative-influence-on-adolescent-smoking-initiation-and-continuation
#13
Jiaying Liu, Siman Zhao, Xi Chen, Emily Falk, Dolores Albarracín
Although the influence of peers on adolescent smoking should vary depending on social dynamics, there is a lack of understanding of which elements are most crucial and how this dynamic unfolds for smoking initiation and continuation across areas of the world. The present meta-analysis included 75 studies yielding 237 effect sizes that examined associations between peers' smoking and adolescents' smoking initiation and continuation with longitudinal designs across 16 countries. Mixed-effects models with robust variance estimates were used to calculate weighted-mean Odds ratios...
August 3, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762295/a-constant-conversation-tuning-into-and-harmonizing-the-needs-and-priorities-of-the-body-and-mind
#14
Annie T Chen, Samantha J Kaplan, Rachel Carriere
PURPOSE: Individuals rely upon many types of information to manage an illness, including information provided by their own bodies. This study investigated how people tune into and manage the flow of information from their bodies to manage their health. METHOD: We developed a platform for participants to share and collaboratively reflect on how they engaged in this dialogic process, in which participants contributed to a discussion on topics relating to body listening and body awareness...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760002/measuring-racial-microaggression-in-medical-practice
#15
Amanda Lee Almond
The purpose of this study was to validate the already existing Racial Microaggression in Counseling Scale (RMCS) when the term 'therapist' was replaced with 'physician', thus constituting the modification as the Racial Microaggression in Medical Practice Scale (RMMPS). Racial microaggressions work at reinforcing inferior social status on a cognitive level. Unlike overt racism, messages behind microaggression are subtler and more every day. A lack of acceptance, respect, and regard emerges from interactions in medical contexts as there are layers of in-group and out-group statuses at play (e...
August 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757331/lifestyle-approaches-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a%C3%A2-systematic-multiple-case-analysis
#16
Henderika Annegien Steenbergen, Cees P Van der Schans, Ruud Van Wijck, Johan De Jong, Aly Waninge
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations supporting individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs) carry out a range of interventions to support and improve a healthy lifestyle. However, it is difficult to implement an active and healthy lifestyle into daily support. The presence of numerous intervention components, multiple levels of influence, and the explicit use of theory are factors that are considered to be essential for implementation in practice. A comprehensive written lifestyle policy provides for sustainability of a lifestyle approach...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752519/nurses-use-of-mobile-instant-messaging-applications-a-uses-and-gratifications-perspective
#17
John Robert Bautista, Trisha T C Lin
AIM: To explore how and why mobile instant messaging applications are used by Filipino nurses as part of their work. METHODS: Guided by the uses and gratifications theory, in-depth interviews with 20 staff nurses working in 9 hospitals (ie, 4 private and 5 public hospitals) in the Philippines were conducted in July 2015. Interview data were analysed through a phenomenological perspective to thematic analysis. RESULTS: Results show that mobile instant messaging applications such as Facebook Messenger and Viber were mostly used by staff nurses and these were accessed using their own smartphones...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750628/what-works-for-whom-in-the-management-of-diabetes-in-people-living-with-dementia-a-realist-review
#18
Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Peter Reece Jones, Bridget Russell, Daksha Trivedi, Alan Sinclair, Antony Bayer, Greta Rait, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Christopher Burton
BACKGROUND: Dementia and diabetes mellitus are common long-term conditions and co-exist in a large number of older people. People living with dementia (PLWD) may be less able to manage their diabetes, putting them at increased risk of complications such as hypoglycaemia. The aim of this review was to identify key mechanisms within different interventions that are likely to improve diabetes outcomes in PLWD. METHODS: This is a realist review involving scoping of the literature and stakeholder interviews to develop theoretical explanations of how interventions might work, systematic searches of the evidence to test and develop the theories and their validation with a purposive sample of stakeholders...
July 28, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749154/rude-color-glasses-the-contaminating-effects-of-witnessed-morning-rudeness-on-perceptions-and-behaviors-throughout-the-workday
#19
Andrew Woolum, Trevor Foulk, Klodiana Lanaj, Amir Erez
Using an experimental experience sampling design, we investigate how witnessing morning rudeness influences workers' subsequent perceptions and behaviors throughout the workday. We posit that a single exposure to rudeness in the morning can contaminate employees' perceptions of subsequent social interactions leading them to perceive greater workplace rudeness throughout their workday. We expect that these contaminated perceptions will have important ramifications for employees' work behaviors. In a 10-day study of 81 professional and managerial employees, we find that witnessed morning rudeness leads to greater perceptions of workplace rudeness throughout the workday and that those perceptions, in turn, predict lower task performance and goal progress and greater interaction avoidance and psychological withdrawal...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749150/positive-and-negative-assessment-center-feedback-in-relation-to-development-self-efficacy-feedback-seeking-and-promotion
#20
Nikolaos Dimotakis, Deb Mitchell, Todd Maurer
In this field study we examined both positive and negative developmental feedback given in managerial assessment centers in relation to employees' self-efficacy for their ability to improve their relevant skills assessed in the centers, the extent to which they sought subsequent feedback from others at work, and the career outcome of being promoted to a higher level position within the organization. We found that feedback was related to self-efficacy for improvement which was in turn positively related to feedback seeking, which was positively linked to the career outcome of promotion (e...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
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