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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661182/women-s-perspectives-on-the-ethical-implications-of-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-a-qualitative-analysis-to-inform-health-policy-decisions
#1
Meredith Vanstone, Alexandra Cernat, Jeff Nisker, Lisa Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) is a technology which provides information about fetal genetic characteristics (including sex) very early in pregnancy by examining fetal DNA obtained from a sample of maternal blood. NIPT is a morally complex technology that has advanced quickly to market with a strong push from industry developers, leaving many areas of uncertainty still to be resolved, and creating a strong need for health policy that reflects women's social and ethical values...
April 16, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658837/immigration-as-a-crisis-tendency-for-hiv-vulnerability-among-racialised-women-living-with-hiv-in-ontario-canada-an-anti-oppressive-lens
#2
Roula N Kteily-Hawa, Shazia Islam, Mona Loutfy
South Asian immigrant women in Canada face unique structural barriers that influence their HIV vulnerability. Using an intersectional and anti-oppressive lens, we explored the role of immigration in bringing about changes in gender roles and the structure of gender relations and their effect on HIV risk among immigrant women as they experienced crisis tendencies in the face of hegemonic masculinity. Informed by Connell's theory of gender, the study entailed in-depth interviews with 12 self-identified South Asian immigrant women living in the Greater Toronto Area, in Ontario, Canada...
April 16, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658735/centralization-of-member-voice-in-teams-its-effects-on-expertise-utilization-and-team-performance
#3
Elad N Sherf, Ruchi Sinha, Subrahmaniam Tangirala, Nikhil Awasty
Voice, or the expression of work-related suggestions or opinions, can help teams access and utilize members' privately held knowledge and skills and improve collective outcomes. However, recent research has suggested that sometimes, rather than encourage positive outcomes for teams, voice from members can have detrimental consequences. Extending this research, we highlight why it is important to consider voice centralization within teams, or the extent to which voice is predominantly emanating from only a few members rather than equally spread across all members...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658732/when-and-how-experienced-incivility-dissuades-proactive-performance-an-integration-of-sociometer-and-self-identity-orientation-perspectives
#4
Pauline Schilpzand, Lei Huang
In this article we build on relational Sociometer Theory (Leary, 2005; Leary & Baumeister, 2000) to posit the impact of the belongingness threat of experienced incivility in one's work team on employee feelings of ostracism and subsequent engagement in proactive performance. Integrating the social-relational framework of Self-Identity Orientation Theory (Brewer & Gardner, 1996; Cooper & Thatcher, 2010), we nuance our predictions by hypothesizing that chronic self-identification orientations influence both the effect that experiencing incivility in one's work team exerts on feeling ostracized, and the impact that feeling ostracized has on subsequent employee proactive performance...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657348/rawls-s-wide-reflective-equilibrium-as-a-method-for-engaged-interdisciplinary-collaboration-potentials-and-limitations-for-the-context-of-technological-risks
#5
Neelke Doorn, Behnam Taebi
The introduction of new technologies in society is sometimes met with public resistance. Supported by public policy calls for "upstream engagement" and "responsible innovation," recent years have seen a notable rise in attempts to attune research and innovation processes to societal needs, so that stakeholders' concerns are taken into account in the design phase of technology. Both within the social sciences and in the ethics of technology, we see many interdisciplinary collaborations being initiated that aim to address tensions between various normative expectations about science and engineering and the actual outcomes...
May 2018: Science, Technology & Human Values
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627907/transformation-of-adolescent-peer-relations-in-the-social-media-context-part-1-a-theoretical-framework-and-application-to-dyadic-peer-relationships
#6
REVIEW
Jacqueline Nesi, Sophia Choukas-Bradley, Mitchell J Prinstein
Investigators have long recognized that adolescents' peer experiences provide a crucial context for the acquisition of developmental competencies, as well as potential risks for a range of adjustment difficulties. However, recent years have seen an exponential increase in adolescents' adoption of social media tools, fundamentally reshaping the landscape of adolescent peer interactions. Although research has begun to examine social media use among adolescents, researchers have lacked a unifying framework for understanding the impact of social media on adolescents' peer experiences...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627906/transformation-of-adolescent-peer-relations-in-the-social-media-context-part-2-application-to-peer-group-processes-and-future-directions-for-research
#7
REVIEW
Jacqueline Nesi, Sophia Choukas-Bradley, Mitchell J Prinstein
As social media use becomes increasingly widespread among adolescents, research in this area has accumulated rapidly. Researchers have shown a growing interest in the impact of social media on adolescents' peer experiences, including the ways that the social media context shapes a variety of peer relations constructs. This paper represents Part 2 of a two-part theoretical review. In this review, we offer a new model for understanding the transformative role of social media in adolescents' peer experiences, with the goal of stimulating future empirical work that is grounded in theory...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623401/the-art-of-co-production-of-knowledge-in-environmental-sciences-and-management-lessons-from-international-practice
#8
Ida Nadia S Djenontin, Alison M Meadow
This review paper addresses the challenging question of "how to" design and implement co-production of knowledge in climate science and other environmental and agricultural sciences. Based on a grounded theory review of nine (9) published case studies of transdisciplinary and collaborative research projects, the paper offers a set of common themes regarding specific components and processes for the design, implementation, and achievement of co-production of knowledge work, which represent the "Modus Operandi" of knowledge co-production...
April 5, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623272/designing-place-based-interventions-for-sustainability-and-replicability-the-case-of-go-austin-vamos-austin
#9
REVIEW
Aliya Hussaini, Carmen Llanes Pulido, Semonti Basu, Nalini Ranjit
Place-based health efforts account for the role of the community environment in shaping decisions and circumstances that affect population well-being. Such efforts, rooted as they are in the theory that health is socially determined, mobilize resources for health promotion that are not typically used, and offer a more informed and robust way of promoting health outcomes within a community. Common criticisms of place-based work include the difficulty of replication , since engagement is so specific to a place, and limited sustainability of the work, in the absence of continued institutional structures, both within the community and supporting structures outside the community, to keep these initiatives resilient...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620672/beyond-the-lamppost-a-proposal-for-a-fourth-wave-of-education-for-collaboration
#10
Elise Paradis, Cynthia R Whitehead
Interprofessional education (IPE) is an increasingly popular educational model that aims to educate health care students to be better collaborators by enabling them to learn with, from, and about each other. IPE's rising popularity is evident in the increase in scholarship on this topic over the last few decades. In this Perspective, the authors briefly describe three historical "waves" of IPE: managing the health workforce through shared curriculum, maximizing population health through health workforce planning, and fixing individuals to fix health care...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615022/job-satisfaction-of-nurses-with-master-of-nursing-degrees-in-poland-quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis
#11
Aneta Brayer, Ludmila Marcinowicz
BACKGROUND: Understanding the issue of job satisfaction of nurses with master of nursing degrees may help develop organisational changes necessary for better functioning of health care institutions. This study aimed to evaluate the level of job satisfaction among holders of Masters of Nursing degrees employed at health care institutions and to ascertain its determinants. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out in randomly selected health care institutions in Poland using the Misener Nurse Practitioner Job Satisfaction Survey and an original survey questionnaire with two open-ended questions...
April 3, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611553/connectivity-as-a-multiple-in-with-and-as-nature
#12
Timothy Hodgetts
Connectivity is a central concept in contemporary geographies of nature, but the concept is often understood and utilised in plural ways. This is problematic because of the separation, rather than the confusion, of these different approaches. While the various understandings of connectivity are rarely considered as working together, the connections between them have significant implications. This paper thus proposes re-thinking connectivity as a "multiple". It develops a taxonomy of existing connectivity concepts from the fields of biogeography and landscape ecology, conservation biology, socio-economic systems theory, political ecology and more-than-human geography...
March 2018: Area
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610672/work-hour-trajectories-and-depressive-symptoms-among-midlife-and-older-married-couples
#13
Wylie H Wan, Toni C Antonucci, Kira S Birditt, Jacqui Smith
Life course theories highlight the importance of understanding psychological health of aging individuals in context. Work and marriage are influential contexts in later life that are increasingly relevant because both spouses of many households work and individuals are delaying retirement. Although there is extensive literature on predictors of depressive symptoms, incorporating life course histories of work and social contexts has been a critical omission in the aging and health field. This study identifies couples' work trajectories as a function of husband's and wife's weekly work hours and examines the link between couple work-hour trajectory membership and individual depressive symptoms...
January 2018: Work, Aging and Retirement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609738/structural-stability-quantitative-change-a-latent-class-analysis-approach-towards-gender-role-attitudes-in-germany
#14
Alice Barth, Miriam Trübner
Since the 1960s, social science surveys have aimed to assess respondents' attitudes towards gender roles. In this paper, a model-based clustering approach towards gender role attitudes is proposed in contrast to commonly used dimensional methods. Working from a role theory perspective, we expect different profiles in the population when it comes to role expectations. Using data from the German General Social Survey in 1991 and 2012, we identify attitude patterns via multi-group latent class analysis, taking differences between Eastern and Western Germany into account...
May 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609732/an-expanded-model-of-the-moral-self-beyond-care-and-justice
#15
Andrew Miles, Laura Upenieks
Most research on moral identities conceptualizes morality exclusively in terms of care and justice, but work from across the social sciences indicates that these represent only a corner of the moral landscape. Emphasizing care and justice alone severely restricts the scope of moral identity models, and risks under-estimating the influence of moral self-processes. To address this, we develop and validate measures of moral identity focused on group loyalty, authority, and purity, three additional facets of morality highlighted in Moral Foundations Theory...
May 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605054/investigating-black-white-disparities-in-gynecologic-oncology-theories-conceptual-models-and-applications
#16
REVIEW
Kemi M Doll
Within gynecologic oncology are two of the top five widest Black-White mortality gaps among all cancer diagnoses in the United States. A rich body of work from the social sciences, including anthropology, sociology and social epidemiology, have broadened the understanding of and research approaches to the study of health and healthcare inequity experienced by Black Americans. Yet, these intellectual advancements in understanding are virtually absent from the gynecologic oncology literature. The goal of this analytic essay will be to introduce three current frameworks of studying racial inequity: The Ecosocial Theory of Disease Distribution, The Fundamental Cause Theory, and The Public Health Critical Race Praxis...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599737/development-of-the-sexual-minority-adolescent-stress-inventory
#17
Sheree M Schrager, Jeremy T Goldbach, Mary Rose Mamey
Although construct measurement is critical to explanatory research and intervention efforts, rigorous measure development remains a notable challenge. For example, though the primary theoretical model for understanding health disparities among sexual minority (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual) adolescents is minority stress theory, nearly all published studies of this population rely on minority stress measures with poor psychometric properties and development procedures. In response, we developed the Sexual Minority Adolescent Stress Inventory (SMASI) with N = 346 diverse adolescents ages 14-17, using a comprehensive approach to de novo measure development designed to produce a measure with desirable psychometric properties...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599394/improving-quality-and-safety-in-nursing-homes-and-home-care-the-study-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-research-design-to-implement-a-leadership-intervention
#18
Siri Wiig, Eline Ree, Terese Johannessen, Torunn Strømme, Marianne Storm, Ingunn Aase, Berit Ullebust, Elisabeth Holen-Rabbersvik, Line Hurup Thomsen, Anne Torhild Sandvik Pedersen, Hester van de Bovenkamp, Roland Bal, Karina Aase
INTRODUCTION: Nursing homes and home care face challenges across different countries as people are living longer, often with chronic conditions. There is a lack of knowledge regarding implementation and impact of quality and safety interventions as most research evidence so far is generated in hospitals. Additionally, there is a lack of effective leadership tools for quality and safety improvement work in this context. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The aim of the 'Improving Quality and Safety in Primary Care-Implementing a Leadership Intervention in Nursing Homes and Homecare' (SAFE-LEAD) study is to develop and evaluate a research-based leadership guide for managers to increase quality and safety competence...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596685/activity-matters-a-web-based-resource-to-enable-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-to-become-more-active
#19
Blathin Casey, Susan Coote, Molly Byrne
Increasing physical activity (PA) through exercise is associated with improvements in many of the symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) such as fatigue, strength, balance, and mobility. Despite this, people with MS remain largely inactive. Interventions that are grounded in theory and that aim to change PA behavior need to be developed. The purpose of this study was to describe the development process of a web-based resource, namely, "Activity Matters," to enable people with MS to become more active...
March 27, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596126/factors-influencing-the-life-experiences-of-individuals-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
Rafael Lopez-Cortes, Cesar Hueso-Montoro, Maria Paz Garcia-Caro, Rafael Montoya-Juarez, Jacqueline Schmidt-Riovalle, Celia Marti-Garcia, Blanca Marin-Fernandez
Inflammatory bowel disease has a negative impact on individuals perception of their health status and is associated with disabling processes that have physical, social, and work repercussions. The objectives of this study were to describe the life experiences of individuals with Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis and to develop a theoretical framework to describe the relationships of these diseases with personal and clinical factors. A qualitative study on the basis of grounded theory was conducted, involving individual and semistructured interviews on the life experiences of 14 adults of different ages with inflammatory bowel disease in relapse or inactive phase...
March 2018: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
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