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Social work theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535258/invited-commentary-beyond-individuals-area-poverty-and-health-or-the-search-for-an-impactful-epidemiology
#1
Ana V Diez Roux
In this commentary, I reflect on the paper "Poverty and Health: Prospective Evidence From the Alameda County Study" by Haan et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 1987;125(6):989-998), which together with supporting work ushered in a surge of epidemiologic interest in the impact of social contexts on health. I discuss why the paper was influential and how the premise of this type of work influenced theories and methods in epidemiology. The paper is placed in the broader context of the nature of evidence in epidemiology and the ultimate purpose of epidemiologic inquiry...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529756/a-socioecological-framework-for-research-on-work-and-obesity-in-diverse-urban-transit-operators-based-on-gender-race-and-ethnicity
#2
REVIEW
BongKyoo Choi, Peter Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Haiou Yang, Dean Baker, YoungJu Seo
Urban transit (bus and rail) operators, totaling nearly 700,000 persons, are one of the heaviest occupational groups in the United States (US). Little is known about occupational risk factors for weight gain and obesity and their interrelationship with health-related behaviors, particularly among female minority (African Americans and Hispanics) transit operators who are at greater risk for obesity. As a step towards developing successful obesity interventions among urban transit operators, this paper aims to present a new socioecological framework for studying working conditions, chronic strain, health-related behaviors, weight gain/obesity, and obesity disparity in diverse urban transit operators based on gender, race, and ethnicity...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527374/talking-about-sunbed-tanning-social-representations-and-identity-work
#3
Jennifer Taylor, Michael Murray, Alexandra Lamont
RATIONALE: Despite the publicised health risks associated with its usage, sunbed tanning remains popular in many Western countries. Previous research indicates that knowledge of the harmful effects does not necessarily lead to a reduction in sunbed use. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a more extensive social psychological understanding of sunbed use, in the United Kingdom, by exploring the social representations of sunbed tanning held by both those who use and who have never used sunbeds...
May 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526704/elder-women-s-perceptions-around-optimal-perinatal-health-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study-with-an-indigenous-community-in-southern-ontario
#4
Sujane Kandasamy, Meredith Vanstone, Mark Oremus, Trista Hill, Gita Wahi, Julie Wilson, A Darlene Davis, Ruby Jacobs, Rebecca Anglin, Sonia Savitri Anand
BACKGROUND: Women play important roles in translating health knowledge, particularly around pregnancy and birth, in Indigenous societies. We investigated elder Indigenous women's perceptions around optimal perinatal health. METHODS: Using a methodological framework that integrated a constructivist grounded-theory approach with an Indigenous epistemology, we conducted and analyzed in-depth interviews and focus groups with women from the Six Nations community in southern Ontario who self-identified as grandmothers...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496113/the-beneficial-role-of-mobility-for-the-emergence-of-innovation
#5
Giuliano Armano, Marco Alberto Javarone
Innovation is a key ingredient for the evolution of several systems, including social and biological ones. Focused investigations and lateral thinking may lead to innovation, as well as serendipity and other random discovery processes. Some individuals are talented at proposing innovation (say innovators), while others at deeply exploring proposed novelties, at getting further insights on a theory, or at developing products, services, and so on (say developers). This separation in terms of innovators and developers raises an issue of paramount importance: under which conditions a system is able to maintain innovators? According to a simple model, this work investigates the evolutionary dynamics that characterize the emergence of innovation...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494103/recruiting-nurses-through-social-media-effects-on-employer-brand-and-attractiveness
#6
Marieke Carpentier, Greet Van Hoye, Sara Stockman, Eveline Schollaert, Bart Van Theemsche, Gerd Jacobs
AIM: To investigate whether and how nurses' exposure to a hospital's profile on social media affects their perceptions of the hospital's brand and attractiveness as an employer. BACKGROUND: Since in many places across the globe hospitals are struggling with nursing shortages, competition is rising to be perceived as an attractive employer by this target group. Organizations are increasingly using social media for recruitment, however, little is known about its effects on potential applicants' perceptions of the organization as an employer...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493747/leader-social-accounts-of-subordinates-unethical-behavior-examining-observer-reactions-to-leader-social-accounts-with-moral-disengagement-language
#7
Carolyn T Dang, Elizabeth E Umphress, Marie S Mitchell
When providing social accounts (Sitkin & Bies, 1993) for the unethical conduct of subordinates, leaders may use language consistent with cognitive strategies described by Bandura (1991, 1999) in his work on moral disengagement. That is, leader's social accounts may reframe or reconstrue subordinates' unethical conduct such that it appears less reprehensible. We predict observers will respond negatively to leaders when they use moral disengagement language within social accounts and, specifically, observers will ostracize these leaders...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493205/development-of-the-life-impact-burn-recovery-evaluation-libre-profile-assessing-burn-survivors-social-participation
#8
Lewis E Kazis, Molly Marino, Pengsheng Ni, Marina Soley Bori, Flor Amaya, Emily Dore, Colleen M Ryan, Jeff C Schneider, Vivian Shie, Amy Acton, Alan M Jette
PURPOSE: Measuring the impact burn injuries have on social participation is integral to understanding and improving survivors' quality of life, yet there are no existing instruments that comprehensively measure the social participation of burn survivors. This project aimed to develop the Life Impact Burn Recovery Evaluation Profile (LIBRE), a patient-reported multidimensional assessment for understanding the social participation after burn injuries. METHODS: 192 questions representing multiple social participation areas were administered to a convenience sample of 601 burn survivors...
May 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489908/sexual-dimorphism-in-african-elephant-social-rumbles
#9
Anton Baotic, Angela S Stoeger
This study used the source and filter theory approach to analyse sex differences in the acoustic features of African elephant (Loxodonta africana) low-frequency rumbles produced in social contexts ('social rumbles'). Permuted discriminant function analysis revealed that rumbles contain sufficient acoustic information to predict the sex of a vocalizing individual. Features primarily related to the vocalizer's size, i.e. fundamental frequency variables and vocal tract resonant frequencies, differed significantly between the sexes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485483/preliminary-support-for-a-brief-psychological-intervention-to-improve-first-time-hearing-aid-use-among-adults
#10
Christopher J Armitage, Deborah Lees, Kathryn Lewis, Kevin J Munro
OBJECTIVES: Suboptimal hearing aid use extorts significant social, health, and economic costs. The aims of this study were to (1) test the novel hypothesis that the threat associated with being diagnosed with hearing loss could be ameliorated with a self-affirmation manipulation and (2) gauge the feasibility of deploying the manipulation in routine clinical practice. DESIGN: Parallel groups randomized controlled trial with 10-week follow-up. METHOD: Fifty people, newly prescribed with a hearing aid, completed either a questionnaire that included a brief self-affirming exercise or an identical questionnaire with no self-affirming exercise...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484413/career-preparedness-and-school-achievement-of-portuguese-children-longitudinal-trend-articulations
#11
Íris M Oliveira, Maria do Céu Taveira, Erik J Porfeli
Social Cognitive Career Theory suggests that students' preparedness for the school-to-work transition is a developmental process. Middle school children explore various careers, obtain feedback about their academic progress, and develop career self-efficacy and outcome expectations. These processes advance provisional educational/occupational goals. The literature has suggested articulations between career and academic development and how both vary across demographic characteristics, but longitudinal studies linking these processes are scarce...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484301/comparative-analysis-of-family-medicine-education-and-exams-at-cathedras-of-family-medicine-of-universities-in-southeastern-europe-splitska-inicijativa-sarajevo-2017
#12
Izet Masic, Olivera Batic Mujanovic, Maja Racic, Larisa Gavran, Kosana Stanetic, Merzika Hodzic, Milena Cojic, Ljiljana Cvejanov-Kezunovic, Aleksandar Stepanovic, Katarina Stavrikj, Zaim Jatic, Edita Cerny Obrdalj, Amra Zalihic, Ksenija Tusek-Bunc
Education means: learning, teaching or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. Today the importance of focus on educational quality, particularly in the professions operating in the services required by people is agreed by all involved. The higher educational system shoulders some critical responsibilities in the economic, social, cultural and educational development and growth in the communities...
March 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482996/culturally-adaptive-walking-intervention-for-korean-chinese-female-migrant-workers
#13
Sunghye Cho, Hyeonkyeong Lee, Jung Hee Kim, Meenhye Lee, Young-Me Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although the literature has commonly cited that development of culturally adaptive interventions is key to improving the health outcomes of culturally and linguistically diverse populations, there have been limited culturally adaptive walking interventions specific to Korean-Chinese (KC) migrants. The objective of this study is to describe the process in development of culturally adaptive walking interventions for KC female migrant workers, using the intervention mapping (IM) method...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482993/mediators-of-social-connection-in-a-group-teleconference-intervention
#14
Amanda J Fairchild, Sue P Heiney, Meghan Baruth, Abbas Tavakoli, Pearman D Parker Hayne, Heather Lasky McDaniel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Social connection has a positive influence on cancer survivorship and has been targeted in intervention work. We examined whether the formation of social connection is influenced by fear, fatalism, and isolation. METHODS: We conducted a mediation analysis on data from an intervention study with African American breast cancer survivors to investigate whether fear, fatalism, and isolation conveyed effects on social connection. RESULTS: Although results indicated that there were no significant mediated effects of the intervention through these variables, we garnered information about action and conceptual theories underlying the program that inform future work...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481739/the-effects-of-monitoring-environment-on-problem-solving-performance
#15
Brian K Laird, Charles D Bailey, Kim Hester
While effective and efficient solving of everyday problems is important in business domains, little is known about the effects of workplace monitoring on problem-solving performance. In a laboratory experiment, we explored the monitoring environment's effects on an individual's propensity to 1) establish pattern solutions to problems, 2) recognize when pattern solutions are no longer efficient, and 3) solve complex problems. Under three work monitoring regimes-no monitoring, human monitoring, and electronic monitoring-114 participants solved puzzles for monetary rewards...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481583/stepping-forward-together-could-walking-facilitate-interpersonal-conflict-resolution
#16
Christine E Webb, Maya Rossignac-Milon, E Tory Higgins
Walking has myriad benefits for the mind, most of which have traditionally been explored and explained at the individual level of analysis. Much less empirical work has examined how walking with a partner might benefit social processes. One such process is conflict resolution-a field of psychology in which movement is inherent not only in recent theory and research, but also in colloquial language (e.g., "moving on"). In this article, we unify work from various fields pointing to the idea that walking together can facilitate both the intra- and interpersonal pathways to conflict resolution...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481154/identification-and-emotions-experienced-after-a-celebrity-cancer-death-shape-information-sharing-and-prosocial-behavior
#17
Jessica Gall Myrick
Based on the previous work investigating public reactions to celebrity cancer deaths as well as on the appraisal theory of emotions, an online survey (N = 641) was conducted after the cancer death of popular sportscaster Stuart Scott. The aim was to better understand how the public shared news and reactions with others and if this social sharing impacted prosocial cancer-related behaviors (e.g., donating, volunteering, talking to others about cancer research). Two hierarchical logistic regression models were run...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479999/mitochondrial-function-and-bioenergetic-trade-offs-during-lactation-in-the-house-mouse-mus-musculus
#18
Annelise V Mowry, Zachary S Donoviel, Andreas N Kavazis, Wendy R Hood
Energy allocation theory predicts that a lactating female should alter the energetic demands of its organ systems in a manner that maximizes nutrient allocation to reproduction while reducing nutrient use for tasks that are not vital to immediate survival. We posit that organ-specific plasticity in the function of mitochondria plays a key role in mediating these energetic trade-offs. The goal of this project was to evaluate mitochondrial changes that occur in response to lactation in two of the most energetically demanding organs in the body of a rodent, the liver and skeletal muscle...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477069/improving-assessment-of-work-related-mental-health-function-using-the-work-disability-functional-assessment-battery-wd-fab
#19
Elizabeth E Marfeo, Pengsheng Ni, Christine McDonough, Kara Peterik, Molly Marino, Mark Meterko, Elizabeth K Rasch, Leighton Chan, Diane Brandt, Alan M Jette
Purpose To improve the mental health component of the Work Disability Functional Assessment Battery (WD-FAB), developed for the US Social Security Administration's (SSA) disability determination process. Specifically our goal was to expand the WD-FAB scales of mood & emotions, resilience, social interactions, and behavioral control to improve the depth and breadth of the current scales and expand the content coverage to include aspects of cognition & communication function. Methods Data were collected from a random, stratified sample of 1695 claimants applying for the SSA work disability benefits, and a general population sample of 2025 working age adults...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477037/from-ghost-to-ancestor-s%C3%A3-ndor-ferenczi-s-impact-on-clinical-social-work
#20
Steven Kuchuck
Beginning in the 1920s, Freudian psychoanalytic theory had a deep impact on social work practice and education and helped to professionalize clinical social work. Not as well-known was the role that Freud's patient and colleague Sándor Ferenczi played in this evolution. Through a review of the relevant literature and primary sources-some presented here for the first time-I will explore the ways in which Ferenczi's work directly impacted the development of clinical social work.
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
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