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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047336/a-qualitative-exploration-of-work-related-head-injury-vulnerability-at-the-intersection-of-workers-decision-making-and-organizational-values
#1
P Kontos, A Grigorovich, B Nowrouzi, B Sharma, J Lewko, T Mollayeva, A Colantonio
BACKGROUND: Work-related head injury is a critical public health issue due to its rising prevalence; the association with profound disruption of workers' lives; and significant economic burdens in terms of medical costs and lost wages. Efforts to understand and prevent these types of injuries have largely been dominated by epidemiological research and safety science, which has focused on identifying risk at the level of the individual worker, population group, or organizational sector...
October 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042846/developing-a-user-reported-measure-of-care-co-ordination
#2
Helen Crump, Jenny King, Chris Graham, Ruth Thorlby, Veena Raleigh, Don Redding, Nick Goodwin
INTRODUCTION: Older people with chronic conditions often receive poor care because of the fragmented way in which their services are delivered from multiple sources. Providers have limited tools to directly capture the views of older people about their experiences of care co-ordination. The study aim was to design and test a survey tool to capture the experiences of older people with chronic conditions regarding how well their health and (where applicable) social care was co-ordinated...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041941/disentangling-the-effects-of-a-multiple-behaviour-change-intervention-for-diarrhoea-control-in-zambia-a-theory-based-process-evaluation
#3
Katie Greenland, Jenala Chipungu, Joyce Chilekwa, Roma Chilengi, Val Curtis
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of child death in Zambia. As elsewhere, the disease burden could be greatly reduced through caregiver uptake of existing prevention and treatment strategies. We recently reported the results of the Komboni Housewives intervention which tested a novel strategy employing motives including affiliation and disgust to improve caregiver practice of four diarrhoea control behaviours: exclusive breastfeeding; handwashing with soap; and correct preparation and use of oral rehydration salts (ORS) and zinc...
October 17, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037337/-social-cognition-and-its-contribution-to-the-rehabilitation-of-behavioural-disorders-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
José Ignacio Quemada, Olga Rusu, Paola Fonseca
Social behaviour disorders in traumatic brain injury are caused by the dysfunction of cognitive processes involved in social and interpersonal interaction. The concept of social cognition was introduced by authors studying schizophrenia, autism or mental retardation. The boundaries and the content of the concept have not yet been definitively defined, but theory of mind, empathy and emotional processing are included in all the models proposed. The strategies proposed to improve social behaviour focus on the restoration of cognitive processes such as working memory, emotional recognition and processing, and empathy, as well as social skills...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037182/ideas-actors-and-institutions-lessons-from-south-australian-health-in-all-policies-on-what-encourages-other-sectors-involvement
#5
Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Colin MacDougall, Angela Lawless, Helen van Eyk, Carmel Williams
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the extent to which actors from sectors other than health engaged with the South Australian Health in All Policies (HiAP) initiative, determines why they were prepared to do so and explains the mechanisms by which successful engagement happened. This examination applies theories of policy development and implementation. METHODS: The paper draws on a five year study of the implementation of HiAP comprising document analysis, a log of key events, detailed interviews with 64 policy actors and two surveys of public servants...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034371/assessing-behavioral-stages-from-social-media-data
#6
Jason Liu, Elissa R Weitzman, Rumi Chunara
Important work rooted in psychological theory posits that health behavior change occurs through a series of discrete stages. Our work builds on the field of social computing by identifying how social media data can be used to resolve behavior stages at high resolution (e.g. hourly/daily) for key population subgroups and times. In essence this approach opens new opportunities to advance psychological theories and better understand how our health is shaped based on the real, dynamic, and rapid actions we make every day...
February 2017: CSCW: Proceedings of the Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033810/cooperation-and-competition-with-hyperscanning-methods-review-and-future-application-to-emotion-domain
#7
REVIEW
Michela Balconi, Maria E Vanutelli
Cooperation and competition, as two common and opposite examples of interpersonal dynamics, are thought to be reflected by different cognitive, neural, and behavioral patterns. According to the conventional approach, they have been explored by measuring subjects' reactions during individual performance or turn-based interactions in artificial settings, that don't allow on-line, ecological enactment of real-life social exchange. Considering the importance of these factors, and accounting for the complexity of such phenomena, the hyperscanning approach emerged as a multi-subject paradigm since it allows the simultaneous recording of the brain activity from multiple participants interacting...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028611/automatic-imitation-of-pro-and-antisocial-gestures-is-implicit-social-behavior-censored
#8
Emiel Cracco, Oliver Genschow, Ina Radkova, Marcel Brass
According to social reward theories, automatic imitation can be understood as a means to obtain positive social consequences. In line with this view, it has been shown that automatic imitation is modulated by contextual variables that constrain the positive outcomes of imitation. However, this work has largely neglected that many gestures have an inherent pro- or antisocial meaning. As a result of their meaning, antisocial gestures are considered taboo and should not be used in public. In three experiments, we show that automatic imitation of symbolic gestures is modulated by the social intent of these gestures...
October 10, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026880/adaptive-social-strategies-in-a-solitary-carnivore
#9
L Mark Elbroch, Michael Levy, Mark Lubell, Howard Quigley, Anthony Caragiulo
Cost-benefit trade-offs for individuals participating in social behaviors are the basis for current theories on the evolution of social behaviors and societies. However, research on social strategies has largely ignored solitary animals, in which we assume that rare interactions are explained by courtship or territoriality or, in special circumstances, resource distributions or kinship. We used directed network analysis of conspecific tolerance at food sources to provide evidence that a solitary carnivore, the puma (Puma concolor), exhibited adaptive social strategies similar to more social animals...
October 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025841/neighbourhood-characteristics-and-mental-disorders-in-three-chinese-cities-multilevel-models-from-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#10
Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho, Laura Sampson, Silvia S Martins, Shui Yu, Yueqin Huang, Yanling He, Sing Lee, Chiyi Hu, Alan Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler, Sandro Galea
OBJECTIVES: The rapid growth of urban areas in China in the past few decades has introduced profound changes in family structure and income distribution that could plausibly affect mental health. Although multilevel studies of the influence of area-level socioeconomic factors on mental health have become more common in other parts of the world, a study of this sort has not been carried out in Chinese cities. Our objectives were to examine the associations of two key neighbourhood-level variables-median income and percentage of married individuals living in the neighbourhood-with mental disorders net of individual-level income and marital status in three Chinese cities...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023134/a-systematic-review-of-correlates-of-depression-among-older-chinese-and-korean-immigrants-what-we-know-and-do-not-know
#11
Man Guo, Meredith Stensland
OBJECTIVES: Guided by the stress and coping theory, this study provides a systematic review of existing research on acculutration, family support, and social support related correlates of depression among older Chinese and Korean immigrants in the United States. METHOD: A comprehensive literature search was conducted in CINAHL Plus, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, AgeLine, Social Work Abstracts, PubMed, PsychINFO, and Social Science Citation Index databases to identify relevant articles that presented multivariate analysis results...
October 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022516/folk-economic-beliefs-an-evolutionary-cognitive-model
#12
Pascal Boyer, Michael Bang Petersen
The domain of "folk-economics" consists in explicit beliefs about the economy held by laypeople, untrained in economics, about such topics as e.g., the causes of the wealth of nations, the benefits or drawbacks of markets and international trade, the effects of regulation, the origins of inequality, the connection between work and wages, the economic consequences of immigration, or the possible causes of unemployment. These beliefs are crucial in forming people's political beliefs, and in shaping their reception of different policies...
October 12, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022102/as-if-the-disease-was-not-enough-coping-with-the-financial-consequences-of-cancer
#13
Barbara Head, Lesley Harris, Karen Kayser, Amy Martin, Lisa Smith
PURPOSE: The goal of this research was to understand how cancer survivors cope with the financial consequences of their disease. METHODS: Twenty-six cancer survivors who self-identified as having experienced financial hardship related to their disease were interviewed. Transcripts of these interviews were analyzed using constructivist grounded theory approach. An analysis of codes related to coping strategies was conducted, and findings were stratified based on established coping theories (Lazarus and Folkman and Moos and Holahan) previously applied to coping with serious/chronic illnesses...
October 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017564/factors-influencing-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-mozambican-miners-a-socio-epidemiological-contribution-for-hiv-prevention-framework-in-mozambique
#14
Emilia Martins-Fonteyn, Osvaldo Loquiha, Cynthia Baltazar, Subash Thapa, Makini Boothe, Ines Raimundo, Niel Hens, Marc Aerts, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme, Edwin Wouters
BACKGROUND: Information dealing with social and behavioural risk factors as well as their mechanisms among Mozambican migrants working in South African mines remains undocumented. This study aims to understand the various factors influencing HIV-related risk behaviours and the resulting HIV positive status of Mozambican miners employed by South African mines. This analysis was undertaken in order to inform a broader and more effective HIV preventive framework in Mozambique. METHOD: This study relied upon data sourced from the first Integrated Biological and Behavioural Survey among Mozambican miners earning their living in South African mines...
October 10, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017558/stress-health-and-quality-of-life-of-female-migrant-domestic-workers-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
S G Anjara, L B Nellums, C Bonetto, T Van Bortel
BACKGROUND: There is a global increase in migrant workers. In Singapore, there are over 230,000 migrant domestic workers (MDWs). Female MDWs may experience high levels of stress and social isolation, which may negatively impact on their health and quality of life. There have also been documented cases of abuse and exploitation. However, there is a lack of empirical research with this population. This study aimed to investigate factors impacting on the health and quality of life of female MDWs in Singapore, including socio-demographic and job related characteristics, stress, social isolation, and working management style...
October 10, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016550/assessing-lifetime-stress-exposure-using-the-stress-and-adversity-inventory-for-adults-adult-strain-an-overview-and-initial-validation
#16
George M Slavich, Grant S Shields
OBJECTIVE: Numerous theories have proposed that acute and chronic stressors may exert a cumulative effect on lifespan health by causing biological "wear and tear", or allostatic load, which in turn promotes disease. Very few studies have directly tested such models, though, partly because of the challenges associated with efficiently assessing stress exposure over the entire life course. To address this issue, we developed the first online system for systematically assessing lifetime stress exposure, called the Stress and Adversity Inventory (STRAIN), and describe its initial validation here...
October 10, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016164/linking-job-relevant-personality-traits-transformational-leadership-and-job-performance-via-perceived-meaningfulness-at-work-a-moderated-mediation-model
#17
Rachel E Frieder, Gang Wang, In-Sue Oh
By integrating the fundamental principles of the theory of purposeful work behavior (TPWB; Barrick, Mount, & Li, 2013) with cognitive-affective personality system (CAPS) theory (Mischel, 1977; Mischel & Shoda, 1995), we examine how and when salespeople's job-relevant personality traits relate to their performance. We argue that individuals with personality traits that fit outdoor sales jobs (i.e., conscientious, extraversion, openness to experience) will perceive their work as more meaningful and as a result achieve heightened performance...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989194/effective-dementia-education-and-training-for-the-health-and-social-care-workforce-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
Claire A Surr, Cara Gates, Donna Irving, Jan Oyebode, Sarah Jane Smith, Sahdia Parveen, Michelle Drury, Alison Dennison
Ensuring an informed and effective dementia workforce is of international concern; however, there remains limited understanding of how this can be achieved. This review aimed to identify features of effective dementia educational programs. Critical interpretive synthesis underpinned by Kirkpatrick's return on investment model was applied. One hundred and fifty-two papers of variable quality were included. Common features of more efficacious educational programs included the need for educational programs to be relevant to participants' role and experience, involve active face-to-face participation, underpin practice-based learning with theory, be delivered by an experienced facilitator, have a total duration of at least 8 hours with individual sessions of 90 minutes or more, support application of learning in practice, and provide a structured tool or guideline to guide care practice...
October 2017: Review of Educational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981302/explaining-variations-in-the-findings-of-presenteeism-research-a-meta-analytic-investigation-into-the-moderating-effects-of-construct-operationalizations-and-chronic-health
#19
Alisha McGregor, Rajeev Sharma, Christopher Magee, Peter Caputi, Donald Iverson
The purpose of the present study is to theorize and test the moderating effects of two variables-the way presenteeism is operationalized and the presence of a preexisting chronic health condition-on the relationships between presenteeism and its antecedents (i.e., physical health, mental health, work factors, social factors, and personal factors). A meta-analysis of 116 studies (N = 301,402) investigated the impact of both moderator variables while controlling for the country of the sample and publication source...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972838/bronfenbrenner-s-bioecological-theory-revision-moving-culture-from-the-macro-into-the-micro
#20
Nicole M Vélez-Agosto, José G Soto-Crespo, Mónica Vizcarrondo-Oppenheimer, Stephanie Vega-Molina, Cynthia García Coll
Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory of human development is one of the most widely known theoretical frameworks in human development. In spite of its popularity, the notion of culture within the macrosystem, as a separate entity of everyday practices and therefore microsystems, is problematic. Using the theoretical and empirical work of Rogoff and Weisner, and influenced as they are by Vygotsky's sociocultural perspective, we reconceptualize Bronfenbrenner's model by placing culture as an intricate part of proximal development processes...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
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