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Cooper R Benson, Hajar I Ayoub, O Lenaine Westney
PURPOSE: We present a novel AUS implantation technique using a single perineal incision for single device placement or in combination with an inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP). Urinary and sexual dysfunction following the management of prostate cancer has a significant impact on the quality of life of our patients. While there are marginal changes in the prosthetic devices, we strive to reduce post-operative morbidity while maximizing efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of 6 patients who underwent single perineal incision placement of a virgin AUS in 2014, 3 with simultaneous IPP placement...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Yves Bousquet, Patrice Bouchard
All new genus-group names included in Gistel's list of Coleoptera from the collection of Count Rudolph von Jenison Walwort, published in 1834, are recorded. For each of these names, the originally included available species are listed and for those with at least one available species included, the type species and current status are provided. The following new synonymies are proposed [valid names in brackets]: Auxora [Nebria Latreille, 1806; Carabidae], Necrotroctes [Velleius Leach, 1819; Staphylinidae], Epimachus [Ochthephilum Stephens, 1829; Staphylinidae], Ocys [Anaulacaspis Ganglbauer, 1895; Staphylinidae], Hydatobia [Autalia Samouelle, 1819; Staphylinidae], Hedonius [Pyrophorus Billberg, 1820; Elateridae], Charmionus [Chalcolepidius Eschscholtz, 1829; Elateridae], Lamprias [Alaus Eschscholtz, 1829; Elateridae], Trypheus [Aeolus Eschscholtz, 1829; Elateridae], Antiphus [Cardiorhinus Eschscholtz, 1829; Elateridae], Phyletus [Lygistopterus Dejean, 1833; Lycidae], Phyllogaster [Lucidota Laporte, 1833; Lampyridae], Pyrrhigius [Phosphaenus Laporte, 1833; Lampyridae], Erota [Luciola Laporte, 1833; Lampyridae], Oxypterus [Aspisoma Laporte, 1833; Lampyridae], Phyllophagus [Chauliognathus Hentz, 1830; Cantharidae], Epaphius [Astylus Laporte, 1836; Melyridae], Isomerus [Choleva Latreille, 1797; Leiodidae], Berecyntha [Aulacochilus Chevrolat, 1836; Erotylidae], Geophilus [Psammodius Fallén, 1807; Scarabaeidae], Ceraunus [Golofa Hope, 1837; Scarabaeidae], Atrimedeus [Pentodon Hope, 1837; Scarabaeidae], Eupalus [Temnorhynchus Hope, 1837; Scarabaeidae], Polycarmes [Anoxia Laporte, 1832; Scarabaeidae], Acidota [Amphicoma Latreille, 1807; Glaphyridae], Cecrops [Mylaris Pallas, 1781; Tenebrionidae], Pythonissus [Zophobas Dejean, 1834; Tenebrionidae], Physignathus [Cymatothes Dejean, 1834; Tenebrionidae], Pelops [Prionychus Solier, 1835; Tenebrionidae], Accantosomus [Semiotus Eschscholtz, 1829; Elateridae]...
2017: ZooKeys
Se Hyun Paek, Byung Seup Kim, Kyung Ho Kang, Hee Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: The BRAF V600E mutation is highly specific for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). A test for this mutation can increase the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), but a considerably high false-negative rate for the BRAF V600E mutation on FNAC has been reported. In this study, we investigated the risk factors associated with false-negative BRAF V600E mutation results on FNAC. METHODS: BRAF V600E mutation results of 221 PTC nodules between December 2011 and June 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Marsinah L Reijgwart, Nico J Schoemaker, Riccardo Pascuzzo, Matthew C Leach, Melanie Stodel, Loes de Nies, Coenraad F M Hendriksen, Miriam van der Meer, Claudia M Vinke, Yvonne R A van Zeeland
Reliable recognition of pain is difficult in ferrets as many currently available parameters are non-specific, inconsistent and/or impractical. Grimace scales have successfully been applied to assess pain in different animal species and might also be applicable to ferrets. To compose a Ferret Grimace Scale (FGS), we studied the facial musculature of ferrets and compared lateral photographs of 19 ferret faces at six time points before and after intraperitoneal telemetry probe implantation. We identified the Action Units (AUs) orbital tightening, nose bulging, cheek bulging, ear changes and whisker retraction as potential indicators of pain in ferrets...
2017: PloS One
Melissa R Kaufman, Douglas F Milam, Niels V Johnsen, Mario A Cleves, Joshua A Broghammer, William O Brant, LeRoy A Jones, Jeffrey D Brady, Martin S Gross, Gerard D Henry
PURPOSE: Substantial controversy and conflicting data exist regarding device survival of the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) in patients with prior radiation therapy. Herein we present data from a multi-institutional analysis examining the effect of prior radiation for prostate cancer on device survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A database was compiled of AUS cuff erosion patients including demographic and comorbid patient characteristics, functional analyses, and interventions...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Urology
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
BACKGROUND: Almost all medical faculties in Germany actively employ peer tutors. However, little is known about the roles these tutors play from a faculty point of view. Also, there are only few descriptions of the tutor recruitment and selection processes. METHODS: 32 of the medical faculties in Germany, where tutors are used in the training of medical students, were asked to provide information on the role and recruitment of tutors by means of a partially standardized questionnaire...
November 8, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Marco M Ochs, Thomas Fritz, Nisha Arenja, Johannes Riffel, Florian Andre, Derliz Mereles, Fabian Aus dem Siepen, Ute Hegenbart, Stefan Schönland, Hugo A Katus, Matthias G W Friedrich, Sebastian J Buss
BACKGROUND: To compare the prognostic value of cardiac valve plane displacement (CVPD) on various locations in cardiac light chain (AL) amyloidosis. METHODS: Consecutive patients with biopsy-proven cardiac involvement in AL amyloidosis who had undergone cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) between 2005 and 2014 in our institution, were retrospectively identified and data analyzed. The primary combined endpoint was all-cause mortality or heart transplantation...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Amjad Alwaal, Ahmad J Al-Sayyad
Background: Erectile dysfunction is a prevalent disease affecting over 50% of men between the ages of 40 and 70 years. Penile prosthesis represents the end of the line treatment when other less invasive therapies fail or are contraindicated. Male stress urinary incontinence can significantly diminish quality of life and lead to embarrassment and social withdrawal. Surgical therapies, such as male urethral slings and artificial urinary sphincters (AUS), are considered effective and safe treatments for male stress incontinence...
October 2017: Urology Annals
C Guillot-Tantay, E Chartier-Kastler, P Mozer, M-O Bitker, F Richard, V Ambrogi, P Denys, P Léon, V Phé
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report the very long-term functional outcomes of artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) in male neurological patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male neurological patients diagnosed with stress urinary incontinence due to sphincter deficiency and undergoing AUS (AMS 800(®)) implantation between 1985 and 1992 were enrolled. Continence, defined by no pad/condom usage, explantation and revision rates were reported. RESULTS: Fourteen patients with a median age of 27...
November 1, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
François Niada, René Tabin, Simon Kayemba-Kay's
Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) is a rare but well-known neonatal entity for which several therapeutic modalities are reported in the literature because of the lack of consensus management guidelines. POPULATION AND METHODS: A retrospective study of the medical records of children managed between January 1990 and December 2013, and whose final diagnosis was RVT. The diagnosis was initially clinical and subsequently confirmed by the abdominal ultrasonography (AUS) and Doppler imaging if necessary...
October 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Jason W Agostino, John K Ferguson, Keith Eastwood, Martyn D Kirk
OBJECTIVES: To identify groups at risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection, patterns of antimicrobial resistance, and the proportion of patients with MRSA infections but no history of recent hospitalisation. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Case series of 39 231 patients with S. aureus isolates from specimens processed by the Hunter New England Local Health District (HNELHD) public pathology provider during 2008-2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of MRSA infections among people with S...
November 6, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
Edmund S Cibas, Syed Z Ali
The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) established a standardized, category-based reporting system for thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens. The 2017 revision reaffirms that every thyroid FNA report should begin with one of six diagnostic categories, the names of which remain unchanged since they were first introduced: (i) nondiagnostic or unsatisfactory; (ii) benign; (iii) atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) or follicular lesion of undetermined significance (FLUS); (iv) follicular neoplasm or suspicious for a follicular neoplasm; (v) suspicious for malignancy; and (vi) malignant...
November 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
H Sperling, A Kaufmann, I Bonn, M Zaum
The artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) is a well-known standard in the therapy of male incontinence, but not in females. This review highlights options, results, and a critical appraisal of the use of AUS in women.
October 25, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Jacqueline D Burgess, Roy M Kimble, Kerrianne Watt, Cate M Cameron
BACKGROUND: Using social media to recruit specific populations for research studies is gaining popularity. Given that mothers of young children are the most active on social media, and young children are the most at risk of preventable burn injuries, social media was used to recruit mothers of young children to a burn prevention intervention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the social media recruitment methods used to enroll mothers of young children to the app-based burn prevention intervention Cool Runnings...
October 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Brooke Nickel, Rachael H Dodd, Robin M Turner, Jo Waller, Laura Marlow, Gregory Zimet, Remo Ostini, Kirsten McCaffery
Direct international comparisons which aim to understand how factors associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine initiation and attitudes towards the HPV vaccination in parents differ are scarce. Parents (n = 179) of daughters aged 9-17 years in the US, UK and Australia completed an online survey in 2011 with questions measuring daughters' HPV vaccination status, HPV knowledge, HPV vaccination knowledge, and statements assessing attitude towards the HPV vaccine. The strongest factor associated with vaccination status across all countries was parental HPV knowledge (p < 0...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Aya Niimi, Yasuhiko Igawa, Naoki Aizawa, Toshiki Honma, Akira Nomiya, Yoshiyuki Akiyama, Jun Kamei, Tetsuya Fujimura, Hiroshi Fukuhara, Yukio Homma
AIM: To investigate the feasibility of chemokines and cytokines potentially elevated in the bladder tissue of Hunner type interstitial cystitis (HIC) as urinary markers for distinguishing HIC from non-Hunner type interstitial cystitis (NHIC) METHODS: Urine specimens were collected from 41 HIC patients, 25 NHIC patients, and 31 healthy volunteers (control). The supernatants of urine specimens were subjected to ELISA kits for measurements of 10 cytokines and chemokines, whose gene expression was known to be elevated in HIC bladder tissue...
October 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Zine-Eddine Khene, Fanny Paret, Marie-Aime E Perrouin-Verbe, Thomas Prudhomme, Juliette Hascoet, Mathilde Nedelec, Jacques Kerdraon, Helene Menard, Magali Jezequel, Loïc Le Normand, Andrea Manunta, Xavier Game, Benoit Peyronnet
PURPOSE: To evaluate the perioperative and long-term functional outcomes of bladder neck and peribulbar cuff placement of an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) in a population of adult male patients with spinal dysraphism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the French spina bifida (SB) network database was performed. Patients who underwent implantation of an AUS from January 1985 to November 2015 were selected and stratified into two groups according to cuff location: bladder neck vs...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Urology
Kushan D Radadia, Nicholas J Farber, Brian Shinder, Charles F Polotti, Lee J Milas, Hari Tunuguntla
Post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence (PPUI) has significant impact on the quality of life of patients who undergo radical prostatectomy. Stress and overflow incontinence may result from the procedure, with sphincteric incompetence and detrusor hypocontractility implicating their development, respectively. In many cases, treatment begins with conservative approaches, including pelvic floor muscle training/biofeedback. Pharmacotherapy can be used to treat overactive bladder. For stress incontinence, transurethral bulking agents are utilized in select patients, however AUS and male slings are the most efficacious options with good success rates...
October 11, 2017: Urology
Kwang Jin Ko, Chung Un Lee, Tae Heon Kim, Yoon Seok Suh, Kyu-Sung Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the rates and predictive factors associated with the development of de novo overactive bladder (OAB) and assess the effects of de novo OAB on surgical outcomes after artificial urinary sphincter (AUS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 132 post-prostatectomy incontinence patients who underwent AUS surgery. Urodynamic studies were performed during preoperative visits in all patients, and patients with OAB or neurogenic bladder were excluded...
October 10, 2017: Urology
Pau Nicolau, Rocio Gamero, Ana Rodríguez-Arana, Francisco Plancarte, Rodrigo Alcántara, Ramon Carreras, Dolors Sabadell, Mar Vernet-Tomas
AIM: We investigated if imaging and pathology features could help to identify a high axillary tumor burden (ATB) in breast cancer patients, in order to individualize decisions on axillary lymph node (ALN) dissection (ALND). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients primarily treated with surgery in our unit between 2011 and 2014. We divided the patients in two groups: low ATB (LATB) if ≤ 2 ALN were infiltrated and high ATB (HATB) if > 2 ALN were infiltrated...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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