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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654923/antibakterielle-in-vitro-wirksamkeit-%C3%A3-therischer-%C3%A3-le-gegen-veterin%C3%A3-rmedizinisch-relevante-keime-klinischer-isolate-von-hunden-katzen-und-pferden
#1
Doris Bismarck, Marianne Schneider, Elisabeth Müller
Einleitung: Ätherische Öle sind die Grundlage der Aromatherapie. Unter anderem wird ihnen eine antibakterielle Wirkung zugeschrieben. In dieser Studie sollte die In-vitro-Wirksamkeit ätherischer Öle gegen ein breites Spektrum veterinärmedizinisch relevanter Erreger getestet werden. Methoden: Die antibakterielle Aktivität von 16 ätherischen Ölen wurde mittels Agardiffusionstest bestimmt. Getestet wurden grampositive und gramnegative Erreger, die aus klinischen Isolaten von Hunden, Katzen und Pferden aus der veterinärmedizinischen Routinediagnostik stammten...
2017: Complementary Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649256/evolutionary-insights-based-on-snp-haplotypes-of-red-pericarp-grain-size-and-starch-synthase-genes-in-wild-and-cultivated-rice
#2
Nisha Singh, Balwant Singh, Vandna Rai, Sukhjeet Sidhu, Ashok K Singh, Nagendra K Singh
The origin and domestication of rice has been a subject of considerable debate in the post-genomic era. Rice varieties have been categorized based on isozyme and DNA markers into two broad cultivar groups, Indica and Japonica. Among other well-known cultivar groups Aus varieties are closer to Indica and Aromatic varieties including Basmati are closer to Japonica, while deep-water rice varieties share kinship to both Indica and Japonica cultivar groups. Here, we analyzed haplotype networks and phylogenetic relationships in a diverse set of genotypes including Indian Oryza nivara/Oryza rufipogon wild rice accessions and representative varieties of four rice cultivar groups based on pericarp color (Rc), grain size (GS3) and eight different starch synthase genes (GBSSI, SSSI, SSIIa, SSIIb, SSIIIa, SSIIIb, SSIVa, and SSIVb)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646098/head-injuries-in-professional-male-football-soccer-over-13-years-29-lower-incidence-rates-after-a-rule-change-red-card
#3
Florian Beaudouin, Karen Aus der Fünten, Tobias Tröß, Claus Reinsberger, Tim Meyer
BACKGROUND: Absolute numbers of head injuries in football (soccer) are considerable because of its high popularity and the large number of players. In 2006 a rule was changed to reduce head injuries. Players were given a red card (sent off) for intentional elbow-head contact. AIMS: To describe the head injury mechanism and examine the effect of the rule change. METHODS: Based on continuously recorded data from the German football magazine "kicker", a database of all head injuries in the 1(st) German Male Bundesliga was generated comprising seasons 2000/01-2012/13...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639569/performance-of-simplified-acute-physiology-score-3-in-predicting-hospital-mortality-in-emergency-intensive-care-unit
#4
Qing-Bian Ma, Yuan-Wei Fu, Lu Feng, Qiang-Rong Zhai, Yang Liang, Meng Wu, Ya-An Zheng
BACKGROUND: Since the 1980s, severity of illness scoring systems has gained increasing popularity in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Physicians used them for predicting mortality and assessing illness severity in clinical trials. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 (SAPS 3) and its customized equation for Australasia (Australasia SAPS 3, SAPS 3 [AUS]) in predicting clinical prognosis and hospital mortality in emergency ICU (EICU)...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637409/fertility-drugs-and-ovarian-cancer
#5
Aus Tariq Ali
The aetiology of ovarian cancer is multifactorial with both endogenous and exogenous risk factors playing an important role. The exact pathogenesis of ovarian cancer is still not well understood, despite the number of hypotheses published. Due to an increase in the number of women using fertility drugs, much attention has been focused on the long-term health effects of such drugs. Although fertility drugs facilitate the ovulation process, it is however associated with a significant increase in hormone concentrations, placing exposed women at increased risk of gynaecological cancer...
June 20, 2017: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624554/outcomes-of-urethroplasty-to-treat-urethral-strictures-arising-from-artificial-urinary-sphincter-erosions-and-rates-of-subsequent-device-replacement
#6
Sorena Keihani, Jason C Chandrapal, Andrew C Peterson, Joshua A Broghammer, Nathan Chertack, Sean P Elliott, Keith F Rourke, Nejd F Alsikafi, Jill C Buckley, Benjamin N Breyer, Thomas G Smith, Bryan B Voelzke, Lee C Zhao, William O Brant, Jeremy B Myers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the success of urethroplasty for urethral strictures arising after erosion of an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) and rates of subsequent AUS replacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2009-2016, we identified patients from the Trauma and Urologic Reconstruction Network of Surgeons and several other centers. We included patients with urethral strictures arising from AUS erosion undergoing urethroplasty with/without subsequent AUS replacement...
June 14, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606729/person-centred-type-2-diabetes-care-time-for-a-paradigm-shift
#7
Guy E H M Rutten, Aus Alzaid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600146/surgical-staging-of-the-axilla-is-it-on-its-way-out-a-retrospective-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Debkumar Chowdhury, Ionela Drehuta, Sanjeet Bhattacharya
INTRODUCTION: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the reference standard for axillary staging in all patients with invasive breast cancer. Surgical practices are being reviewed for a more conservative approach to the axilla. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this audit, we studied the incidence of axillary disease in patients with ultrasound negative axilla. The selection criteria are similar to an ongoing national study: female patients, age > 50 years, primary breast lesion < 1...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589088/a-2016-italian-survey-about-guidelines-and-clinical-management-of-thyroid-nodules
#9
Roberto Negro, Roberto Attanasio, Franco Grimaldi, Andrea Frasoldati, Rinaldo Guglielmi, Enrico Papini
BACKGROUND: While thyroid nodules are frequent in endocrine clinical practice, patients are often asymptomatic and euthyroid, and death is rare in cases of malignancy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the perception of current international guidelines regarding thyroid nodule management among Italian endocrinologists, and to compare daily clinical practice with suggested recommendations. METHODS: Italian Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AME) members were invited to participate in a Web-based survey...
April 2017: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584974/high-resolution-mapping-of-qtls-for-heat-tolerance-in-rice-using-a-5k-snp-array
#10
Shanmugavadivel Ps, Amitha Mithra Sv, Chandra Prakash, Ramkumar Mk, Ratan Tiwari, Trilochan Mohapatra, Nagendra Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: Heat stress is one of the major abiotic threats to rice production, next to drought and salinity stress. Incidence of heat stress at reproductive phase of the crop results in abnormal pollination leading to floret sterility, low seed set and poor grain quality. Identification of QTLs and causal genes for heat stress tolerance at flowering will facilitate breeding for improved heat tolerance in rice. In the present study, we used 272 F8 recombinant inbred lines derived from a cross between Nagina22, a well-known heat tolerant Aus cultivar and IR64, a heat sensitive popular Indica rice variety to map the QTLs for heat tolerance...
December 2017: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582716/combination-of-active-targeting-enzyme-triggered-release-and-fluorescent-dye-into-gold-nanoclusters-for-endomicroscopy-guided-photothermal-photodynamic-therapy-to-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#11
Hui Li, Ping Wang, Yunxiang Deng, Meiying Zeng, Yan Tang, Wei-Hong Zhu, Yingsheng Cheng
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most devastating malignancies in patients, and there is an urgent need for an effective treatment method. Herein, we report a novel gold nanocluster-based platform for confocal laser endomicroscopy-guided photothermal therapy (PTT)/photodynamic therapy (PDT) for PDAC, which consists of four components: the PTT-carrier gold nanocluster, an active targeting ligand U11 peptide, a Cathepsin E (CTSE)-sensitive PDT therapy prodrug, and a CTSE-sensitive imaging agent (cyanine dye Cy5...
September 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580867/impact-of-perioperative-anticoagulation-on-artificial-urinary-sphincter-device-survival
#12
Andrew T Blackburne, Brian J Linder, Daniel S Elliott
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of perioperative anticoagulation on artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) device outcomes. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, patients undergoing AUS surgery from 1983 to 2014 were evaluated to assess device survival in patients with warfarin use compared to individuals without warfarin use. Hazard regression analysis was used to determine the association between warfarin use and device outcomes...
June 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559775/post-prostatectomy-vesicourethral-stenosis-or-bladder-neck-contracture-with-concomitant-urinary-incontinence-our-experience-and-recommendations
#13
Shieh L Bang, Sachin Yallappa, Fatima Dalal, Yahia Z Almallah
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience in the management of bladder neck contracture with concomitant post prostatectomy incontinence and to provide our recommendations based on the updated literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between Jan 2010 and June 2015, 37 patients from our cohort of 341 patients with post prostatectomy incontinence were evaluated. Patient data were retrospectively collected. Patients with bladder neck contracture confirmed on flexible cystoscopy underwent subsequent rigid cystoscopy and deep endoscopic bladder neck incision (BNI)...
April 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559228/who-is-more-likely-to-use-the-internet-for-health-behavior-change-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-internet-use-among-smokers-and-nonsmokers-who-are-orthopedic-trauma-patients
#14
Sam McCrabb, Amanda L Baker, John Attia, Zsolt J Balogh, Natalie Lott, Kerrin Palazzi, Justine Naylor, Ian A Harris, Christopher Doran, Johnson George, Luke Wolfenden, Eliza Skelton, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: eHealth presents opportunities to provide population groups with accessible health interventions, although knowledge about Internet access, peoples' interest in using the Internet for health, and users' characteristics are required prior to eHealth program development. OBJECTIVE: This study surveyed hospital patients to examine rates of Internet use, interest in using the Internet for health, and respondent characteristics related to Internet use and interest in using the Internet for health...
May 30, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544601/the-impact-of-noninvasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features-on-the-performance-of-the-afirma-gene-expression-classifier
#15
Jen-Fan Hang, William H Westra, David S Cooper, Syed Z Ali
BACKGROUND: A recent revision in thyroid tumor nomenclature has resulted in a change from a malignant diagnosis (noninvasive follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma) to one that is nonmalignant (noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features [NIFTP]). The objective of the current study was to evaluate the impact of this change on the performance of the Afirma gene expression classifier (GEC). METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed consecutive thyroid fine-needle aspiration specimens with indeterminate diagnoses on which GEC was performed...
May 24, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525663/management-of-male-and-female-neurogenic-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-spinal-cord-injured-sci-patients-using-adjustable-continence-therapy
#16
Enrico Ammirati, Alberto Manassero, Alessandro Giammò, Roberto Carone
INTRODUCTION: Artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) is an option for the treatment of neurogenic stress urinary incontinence (nSUI), but complications and re-operation rates are high, and there is no clear indication from guidelines (1). The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a less invasive continence device in neurogenic population: Adjustable Continence Therapy ProACT/ACT®. METHODS: We retrospectively includedpatients with spinal cord injuries in this study, complaining of nSUI and treated at our Institution with Pro-ACT/ACT® implantation...
May 16, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504830/exploring-planar-chiral-amino-siloxides
#17
Christopher Golz, Patricia Steffen, Carsten Strohmann
We present the synthesis, structure, and exemplary reactivity of siloxides with a planar-chiral N,N-dimethylaminomethylferrocene backbone. Several zinc complexes based on the racemic as well as the enantiomerically pure silanol were synthesized in the presence of water and crystallographically characterized, and their behavior in solution was examined. The chiral probe present in this system is a valuable tool for identifying the structure in solution. Furthermore, the zinc siloxides exhibit a comparable reactivity to the corresponding silanols...
May 15, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493558/comparison-of-risk-of-malignancy-in-a-subgroup-with-atypia-of-undetermined-significance-follicular-lesion-of-undetermined-significance-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Soon-Hyun Ahn, Seong Dong Kim, Woo-Jin Jeong
BACKGROUND: As heterogeneous findings are included in the atypia of undetermined significance (AUS)/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (FLUS) category, differing risks of malignancy in subgroups have been reported in several articles. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of full-text publications written in English found in the Embase and PubMed databases. RESULTS: The 4-tiered subgroup proportion meta-analysis showed that the 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of the risk of malignancy in the cellular atypia group did not overlap with the other 3 subgroups and demonstrated a significant difference...
May 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488195/differences-in-clinical-features-between-subcategories-of-atypia-follicular-lesion-of-undetermined-significance
#19
Seong Dong Kim, Seung Hoon Han, Woo-Jin Jeong, Hyojin Kim, Soon Hyun Ahn
Within the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC), category III (atypia or follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS)) comprises specimens with heterogeneous features and the need for subcategorization has been reported. We compared the clinical features of two subgroups from within the category of AUS/FLUS to determine precise guidelines for clinicians who explain the results of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) to patients. Retrospective review was performed including data from all patients who underwent FNA with results reported as AUS/FLUS at a single tertiary hospital from January 2010 to August 2014...
May 9, 2017: Endocrine Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480631/incidence-and-significance-of-true-papillae-in-thyroid-fine-needle-aspiration
#20
Andrew A Renshaw, Edwin W Gould
INTRODUCTION: Whether true papillae without nuclear features of papillary carcinoma in thyroid fine needle aspirates should be diagnosed as atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) is unclear. METHODS: The results of all thyroid FNAs performed from 2014-2016 with corresponding resections as well as aspirates from 2000-2016 with a diagnosis of follicular variant of papillary carcinoma or Noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) were reviewed...
May 7, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
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