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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089244/synchronous-ipsilateral-high-submuscular-placement-of-prosthetic-balloons-and-reservoirs
#1
Nicholas L Kavoussi, Matthias D Hofer, Boyd R Viers, Billy H Cordon, Ryan P Mooney, Travis J Pagliara, Jeremy M Scott, Allen F Morey
INTRODUCTION: Synchronous ipsilateral high submuscular placement of artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) pressure-regulating balloons (PRBs) and inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) reservoirs in a single submuscular tunnel is a novel strategy that could be advantageous for patients who have had major pelvic surgery. AIM: To report our initial experience with synchronous ipsilateral vs bilateral placement of AUS PRBs and IPP reservoirs in men undergoing implant surgery...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087768/the-rice-paradox-multiple-origins-but-single-domestication-in-asian-rice
#2
Jae Young Choi, Adrian E Platts, Dorian Q Fuller, Yue-Ie Hsing, Rod A Wing, Michael D Purugganan
The origin of domesticated Asian rice (Oryza sativa) has been a contentious topic, with conflicting evidence for either single or multiple domestication of this key crop species. We examined the evolutionary history of domesticated rice by analyzing de novo assembled genomes from domesticated rice and its wild progenitors. Our results indicate multiple origins, where each domesticated rice subpopulation (japonica, indica, and aus) arose separately from progenitor O. rufipogon and/or O. nivara Coalescence-based modeling of demographic parameters estimate that the first domesticated rice population to split off from O...
January 12, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078373/-aus-fehler-und-gefahren-wird-patientensicherheit-und-aus-trends-und-medizin%C3%A3-konomie-wird-qualit%C3%A3-tsmanagement-und-medizin%C3%A3-konomie
#3
EDITORIAL
M Schuster, K Markstaller, M Bauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071986/evaluation-of-a-two-year-routine-application-of-molecular-testing-of-thyroid-fine-needle-aspirations-fna-using-a-7-gene-panel-in-a-primary-referral-setting-in-germany
#4
Markus Eszlinger, Katharina Böhme, Maha Ullmann, Fabian Görke, Udo Siebolts, Anna Neumann, Christiane Franzius, Sabine Adam, Thomas Molwitz, Christian Landvogt, Bassam Amro, Anja Hach, Berit Feldmann, Dieter Graf, Antje Wefer, Rainer Niemann, Catharina Bullmann, Günther Klaushenke, Reinhard Santen, Gregor Tönshoff, Velimir Ivancevic, Andreas Kögler, Eberhard Bell, Bernd Lorenz, Gerald Kluge, Christoph Hartenstein, Ilka Ruschenburg, Ralf Paschke
BACKGROUND: Major differences with respect to the diagnostic performance of a "ruling in" approach in the pre-surgical diagnosis of indeterminate thyroid fine needle aspirations (FNAs) have been reported. Therefore, the aim of this prospective multicenter study was to investigate the specific diagnostic impact of mutation testing using a 7-gene-panel in a routine primary referral setting analyzing FNAs from endocrinology and nuclear medicine practices in Germany. METHODS: RNA and DNA was extracted from 564 routine air-dried FNA smears obtained from 64 physicians and cytologically graded by one experienced cytopathologist...
January 10, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065350/preoperative-urine-culture-results-correlate-poorly-with-bacteriology-of-urologic-prosthetic-device-infections
#5
Nicholas L Kavoussi, Jordan A Siegel, Boyd R Viers, Travis J Pagliara, Matthias D Hofer, Billy H Cordon, Nabeel Shakir, Jeremy M Scott, Allen F Morey
INTRODUCTION: Although preoperative negative urine culture results and treatment of urinary tract infections are generally advised before artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) and penile prosthesis (PP) surgery to prevent device infection, limited evidence exists to support this practice. AIM: To evaluate the relation between preoperative urine culture results and the bacteriology of prosthetic device infections. METHODS: Men undergoing AUS and/or PP placement at a tertiary referral center from 2007 through 2015 were analyzed...
January 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054391/head-injuries-in-children-s-football-results-from-two-prospective-cohort-studies-in-four-european-countries
#6
Oliver Faude, Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Karen Aus der Fünten, Jiri Chomiak, Evert Verhagen, Florian Beaudouin, Jiri Dvorak, Nina Feddermann-Demont
Head injuries are considered harmful in children. We analysed head and neck injuries in organised football in 7 to 12 year old children. Data for this analysis were obtained from a prospective cohort study over two consecutive football seasons in two European countries, and a randomised intervention trial over one season in four European countries. Football exposure and injuries were documented through an online database. Detailed information regarding injury characteristics and medical follow-up was retrieved from coaches, children and parents by phone...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036114/does-statins-promote-vascular-calcification-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Zhimin Chen, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Paolo Parini, Eva Hurt-Camejo, Jonaz Ripsweden, Torkel B Brismar, Peter Barany, Armand Jaminon, Leon J Schurgers, Olof Heimburger, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel
BACKGROUND: In end-stage renal disease (ESRD), coronary artery calcification (CAC) and inflammation contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Statins do not improve survival in ESRD patients and their effect on vascular calcification is unclear. We explored associations between CAC, inflammatory biomarkers, statins and mortality in ESRD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 240 ESRD patients (63% males; median age 56 years) from cohorts including 86 recipients of living donor kidney transplant (LD-Rtx), 96 incident dialysis patients and 58 prevalent peritoneal dialysis patients, associations of CAC score (Agatston Units, AUs), interleukin-6 (IL-6) with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), tumour necrosis factor (TNF), use of statins and all-cause mortality were analysed...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031780/double-diabetes-in-saudi-arabia-a-new-entity-or-an-underestimated-condition
#8
Rim Braham, Aus Alzaid, Asirvatham Alwin Robert, Muhammad Mujammami, Rania Ahmad Ahmad, Monther Zitouni, Samia Hasan Sobki, Mohamed Abdulaziz Al Dawish
AIM: To determine the clinical and biological characteristics of double diabetes (DD) among young people in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive chart review study including 312 young newly diagnosed diabetic patients (aged 12-20 years), whom were admitted over a five year period (January 2009 to December 2013). Family history of diabetes mellitus (DM) (first degree), physical body mass index (BMI), acanthosis nigricans, history of auto-immune disease and laboratory information for glycosylated hemoglobin, basal C peptide level and diabetes autoantibody response (anti-GAD, anti-IA2 and anti-ICA) were collected from medical report...
December 15, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028338/cytological-diagnosis-of-pediatric-thyroid-nodule-in-perspective-of-the-bethesda-system-for-reporting-thyroid-cytopathology
#9
Chayanika Pantola, Sanjay Kala, Lubna Khan, Saurabh Pantola, Mahendra Singh, Sumanlata Verma
BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodule is one of the most common endocrinopathies occurring children and adolescents. Though thyroid nodule is rare in the pediatric age group, the rate of malignancy is much higher in this age group compared to adult population. AIM: The objective is to study the application of The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) in pediatric patients and compare the findings with histology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 218 cases younger than 18 years were studied in a 4-year period from August 2010 to July 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007780/ficin-treated-red-cells-help-identify-clinically-significant-alloantibodies-masked-as-reactions-of-undetermined-specificity-in-gel-microtubes
#10
Ben C Hill, Courtney A Hanna, Jill Adamski, Huy P Pham, Marisa B Marques, Lance A Williams
Non-specific antibodies or antibodies of undetermined significance (AUS) often pose problems for a blood bank technologist and physician. It is well known that antibodies can weaken and evanesce over time, thus eluding detection by routine blood bank techniques. Special enhancement techniques exist (eg, ficin treatment); however, they are often underutilized due to concerns over expense. Ficin is known to enhance reactivity caused by antibodies in the ABO, Rh, Kidd, Lewis, I, and P blood group systems, while destroying reactivity of antibodies in the Duffy, and MNS blood group systems...
December 22, 2016: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993713/clinical-risk-factors-associated-with-urethral-atrophy
#11
Boyd R Viers, Shawn Mathur, Matthias D Hofer, Daniel D Dugi, Travis J Pagliara, Nirmish Singla, Jordon Walker, Jeremy M Scott, Allen F Morey
OBJECTIVE: To analyze a series of clinical risk factors associated with pretreatment urethral atrophy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 301 patients who underwent artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) placement between September 2009 and November 2015; of these, 60 (19.9%) transcorporal cuff patients were excluded. Patients were stratified into 2 groups based on intraoperative spongiosal circumference measurements. Men with urethral atrophy (3.5 cm cuff size) were compared to controls (≥4 cm cuff size)...
December 16, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992139/b-zell-lymphome-der-haut-pathogenese-diagnostik-und-therapie
#12
Jan P Nicolay, Marion Wobser
Primär kutane B-Zell-Lymphome (PCBCL) beschreiben reifzellige lymphoproliferative Erkrankungen der B-Zell-Reihe, die primär die Haut betreffen. Die Biologie und der klinische Verlauf der einzelnen PCBCL-Subtypen variieren untereinander stark und unterscheiden sich grundsätzlich von primär nodalen und systemischen B-Zell-Lymphomen. Primär kutane Marginalzonenlymphome (PCMZL) und primäre kutane follikuläre Keimzentrumslymphome (PCFCL) werden auf Grund ihres unkomplizierten Verlaufs und ihrer exzellenten Prognose zu den indolenten PCBCL gezählt...
December 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992125/der-einfluss-von-alitretinoin-auf-die-lebensqualit%C3%A3-t-bei-patienten-mit-schwerem-chronischen-handekzem-fugetta-beobachtungsstudie-unter-praxisbedingungen
#13
Matthias Augustin, Diamant Thaçi, Anja Kamps
HINTERGRUND UND ZIELE: Alitretinoin ist die einzige zugelassene Behandlung für schweres chronisches Handekzem (CHE), das refraktär gegenüber potenten topischen Corticosteroiden ist. Bei dieser Studie (FUGETTA) wurde die Wirksamkeit von leitliniengerecht angewendetem oralem Alitretinoin sowie dessen Einfluss auf die Lebensqualität (LQ) bei Patienten mit schwerem refraktärem CHE beurteilt. PATIENTEN UND METHODEN: Multizentrische, offene, nichtinterventionelle Beobachtungsstudie, durchgeführt in Deutschland...
December 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988688/revision-of-the-types-of-male-sciaridae-diptera-described-from-australia-by-f-a-a-skuse
#14
Adam Broadley, Ellen Kauschke, Werner Mohrig
A total of 27 male sciarid types described by Skuse (1888 and 1890), held in the Australian National Insect Collection, Canberra, and the Australian Museum, Sydney, were remounted and examined microscopically. Of these, 25 species were described as Sciara Meigen, one as Zygoneura Meigen and one as Trichosia Winnertz. Revision of these species revealed the following: 13 species belong to the genus Bradysia Winnertz (B. amabilis, B. conjuncta, B. crassicornis, B. exsequialis, B. frequens, B. froggatti, B. luctifica, B...
November 17, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938680/full-genome-analysis-of-australian-infectious-bronchitis-viruses-suggests-frequent-recombination-events-between-vaccine-strains-and-multiple-phylogenetically-distant-avian-coronaviruses-of-unknown-origin
#15
José A Quinteros, Sang-Won Lee, Philip F Markham, Amir H Noormohammadi, Carol A Hartley, Alistair R Legione, Mauricio J C Coppo, Paola K Vaz, Glenn F Browning
Australian strains of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) have been evolving independently for many years, with control achieved by vaccination with local attenuated strains. Previous studies have documented the emergence of recombinants over the last 20 years, with the most recent one, Ck/Aus/N1/08, detected in 2008. These recombinants did not appear to be controlled by the vaccines currently in use. In this study we sequenced the complete genomes of three emergent Australian strains of IBV (IBV/Ck/Aus/N1/88, IBV/Ck/Aus/N1/03 and IBV/Ck/Aus/N1/08) and a previously incompletely characterised vaccine strain, IBV/Ck/Aus/Armidale, and compared them to the genome of the vaccine strain VicS...
December 25, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936121/impact-of-reclassification-on-thyroid-nodules-with-architectural-atypia-from-non-invasive-encapsulated-follicular-variant-papillary-thyroid-carcinomas-to-non-invasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features
#16
Min Ji Jeon, Dong Eun Song, Chan Kwon Jung, Won Gu Kim, Hyemi Kwon, Yu-Mi Lee, Tae-Yon Sung, Jong Ho Yoon, Ki-Wook Chung, Suck Joon Hong, Jung Hwan Baek, Jeong Hyun Lee, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Bae Kim
BACKGROUND: The follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer (FVPTC), especially the encapsulated non-invasive subtype, is a controversial entity. Recent study suggested using 'non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP)' for these indolent carcinomas. We evaluated the impact of reclassification from non-invasive encapsulated FVPTCs (EFVPTCs) to NIFTPs in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules with architectural atypia. METHODS: We reviewed 1301 thyroid nodules with architectural atypia in core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens obtained from March 2012 to February 2013...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929532/post-term-surveillance-and-birth-outcomes-in-south-asian-born-compared-with-australian-born-women
#17
C Yim, L Wong, C Cabalag, E M Wallace, M Davies-Tuck
OBJECTIVE: To determine if apparently healthy post-term South Asian-born (SA) women were more likely to have abnormal post-term fetal surveillance than Australian- and New Zealand-born (AUS/NZ) women, whether those abnormalities were associated with increased rates of obstetric intervention and adverse perinatal outcomes, and whether SA women and their babies were at higher risk of adverse outcomes in the post-term period irrespective of their post-term surveillance outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Post-term surveillance and perinatal outcomes of 145 SA and 272 AUS/NZ nulliparous women with a singleton post-term pregnancy were compared in a retrospective multicentre cohort analysis...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923598/the-use-of-routine-postoperative-microscopy-and-culture-screening-following-elective-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-an-unnecessary-cost-with-no-effect-on-clinical-management
#18
Mark A Kemp, Ka Martina, Claire L Collins, Lucy J Salmon, Benjamin R Gooden, Matthew C Lyons
BACKGROUND: The use of microscopy and culture screening to detect pathogenic microorganisms followed by a decolonization protocol is a widely performed practice prior to elective hip and knee arthroplasty. In our center, the routine care of hip and knee arthroplasty also involves postoperative screening including direct culture of the surgical site. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of pathogen detection following these tests and to determine whether routine postoperative screening, with particular reference to postoperative surgical site culture, led to any change in clinical management of these patients...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913900/bone-mineral-density-of-extremities-is-associated-with-coronary-calcification-and-biopsy-verified-vascular-calcification-in-living-donor-renal-transplant-recipients
#19
Zhimin Chen, Jia Sun, Mathias Haarhaus, Peter Barany, Lars Wennberg, Jonaz Ripsweden, Torkel B Brismar, Bengt Lindholm, Annika Wernerson, Magnus Söderberg, Peter Stenvinkel, Abdul Rashid Qureshi
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD) may lead to low bone mineral density (BMD) and vascular calcification (VC), but links to the latter are unclear. Here we investigated associations between BMD, coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores, and histological signs of VC in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing living-donor kidney transplantation (LD-Rtx). In 66 ESRD patients (median age 45 years, 68% males), BMD (by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, DXA), CAC score (by computed tomography, CT; n = 54), and degree of VC score (graded by histological examination of epigastric artery specimens collected at LD-Rtx; n = 55) were assessed at the time of LD-Rtx...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911001/diagnostic-accuracy-of-thyroid-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-in-the-prediction-of-malignancy-in-nodules-with-atypia-and-follicular-lesion-of-undetermined-significance-cytologies
#20
Husniye Baser, Bekir Cakir, Oya Topaloglu, Afra Alkan, Sefika Burcak Polat, Hayriye Tatli Dogan, Mustafa Omer Yazicioğlu, Cevdet Aydin, Reyhan Ersoy
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS) is a simple and reliable reporting system for the prediction of malignancy. We aimed to determine the role of TIRADS in the prediction of malignancy in subcategories of Bethesda Category III, atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) and follicular lesion of undetermined significance (FLUS). DESIGN & PATIENTS: A total of 461 nodules with AUS cytology in 450 patients and 179 nodules with FLUS cytology in 168 patients were included...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
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