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Central catheters complications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675773/ct-guided-translumbar-placement-of-permanent-catheters-in-the-inferior-vena-cava-description-of-the-technique-with-technical-success-and-complications-data
#1
Gerd Grözinger, Ulrich Grosse, Roland Syha, Rüdiger Hoffmann, Sasan Partovi, Konstantin Nikolaou, Stéphane Stahl, Alfred Königsrainer, Karolin Thiel, Christian Thiel
PURPOSE: To evaluate indications, technical success rate and complications of CT-guided translumbar catheter placement in the inferior vena cava for long-term central venous access (Port and Hickman catheters) as a bail-out approach in patients with no alternative options for permanent central venous access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 12 patients with a total of 17 interventions. All patients suffered from bilaterally chronically occluded venous vessels of their upper extremities, without patent internal jugular and/or subclavian veins...
April 19, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669611/needle-thoracostomy-does-changing-needle-length-and-location-change-patient-outcome
#2
Lori A Weichenthal, Scott Owen, Geoffory Stroh, John Ramos
BACKGROUND: Needle thoracostomy (NT) is a common prehospital intervention for patients in extremis or cardiac arrest due to trauma. The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes, efficacy, and complications after a change in policy related to NT in a four-county Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system with a catchment area of greater than 1.6 million people. METHODS: This is a before and after observational study of all patients who had NT performed in the Central California (USA) EMS system...
April 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667378/alarming-results-of-nosocomial-infections-in-a-multicenter-program-of-surveillance-in-polish-intensive-care-units
#3
Michał Wałaszek, Anna Różańska, Małgorzata Bulanda, Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach, Polish Society of Hospital Infections Team
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSI) among patients in intensive care units (ICU) are the most common form of nosocomial infections and they are serious complications of the treatment process. The etiological factors of these infections and the proper antibiotic therapy can influence the effects of patient treatment. The aim of the study was to analyze the epidemiology, microbiology and antibiotic therapy of nosocomial BSI in Polish ICU patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study covered patients hospitalized in seven ICUs for adults with a general profile, located in southern Poland...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655462/obesity-thrombotic-risk-and-inflammation-in-cancer
#4
Benjamín Rubio-Jurado, Luz-Ma-Adriana Balderas-Peña, Eduardo E García-Luna, María G Zavala-Cerna, Carlos Riebeling-Navarro, Pedro A Reyes, Arnulfo H Nava-Zavala
Neoplasms exhibits a high incidence and mortality rates due to their complex and commonly overlapping clinical, biochemical, and morphologic profiles influenced by acquired or inherited molecular abnormalities, cell of origin, and level of differentiation. Obesity appears related to ~20% of cancers including endometrial, esophageal, colorectal, postmenopausal breast, prostate, and renal. Several factors other than obesity, i.e., insulin, insulin-like growth factor, sexual hormones, and adipokines may play a potential role in neoplasia...
2018: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651905/the-intracavitary-electrocardiography-method-for-tip-location-of-jugular-internal-vein-access-device-in-infants-of-less-than-5-kg-a-pilot-study
#5
Rossella Mastroianni, Antonella Capasso, Gaetano Ausanio
PURPOSE: This is a prospective observational study conducted by neonatologists in neonatal intensive care unit from Sant'Anna and San Sebastiano Hospital, Caserta, Italy. The objective of the study is to verify the feasibility of intracavitary electrocardiography method for tip location of central venous access device in infants of less than 5 kg and evaluate the accuracy of the method in comparison with post-procedural echocardiographical verification of the tip position. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 27 patients weighted between 0...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649341/how-does-your-piccompare-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-various-picc-materials-in-pediatrics
#6
Tricia Kleidon, Amanda J Ullman, Li Zhang, Gabor Mihala, Brett Chaseling, Jason Schoutrop, Claire M Rickard
BACKGROUND: Despite the popularity of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs), recent literature highlights their potential injurious complications. Innovative PICC materials have been developed to prevent thrombosis and infection formation (Endexo®) and antireflux valves to prevent occlusion (pressure-activated safety valve®). No large randomized controlled trial has assessed these technologies. Our primary aim was to evaluate the feasibility of a large randomized controlled efficacy trial of PICC materials and design to reduce PICC complication in pediatrics...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642728/tunnelling-a-midline-catheter-when-the-traffic-light-shifts-from-yellow-to-green
#7
Adam Fabiani, Lorella Dreas, Gianfranco Sanson
INTRODUCTION: A safe, largely used practice for difficult venous access patients is positioning a catheter in deeper veins under ultrasound guide. However, the risk of complications is increased when there is a high catheter-to-vein ratio or when the insertion site is in a zone with particular anatomical/physiological characteristics. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 60-year-old woman admitted to a post-operative intensive care unit after cardiac surgery had a complicated post-operative course...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628669/variation-in-the-practice-of-central-venous-catheter-and-chest-tube-insertions-among-surgery-residents
#8
Edward Eun Cho, Elizabeth Bevilacqua, Jeffrey Brewer, James Hassett, Weidun Alan Guo
Objectives: Central venous catheter (CVC) and chest tube (CT) insertions are common bedside procedures frequently performed by surgery residents. Despite published guidelines, variability in the practice exists. We sought to characterize the surgery residents' practice patterns surrounding these two bedside procedures. Materials and Methods: Over the last 1½ months of the academic year in 2012 and 2013, surgery residents across the US were surveyed online. Participants reported levels of agreement for 15 questions in a 5-point Likert scale format...
January 2018: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627658/routine-chest-x-ray-is-unnecessary-after-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-line-placement-in-the-operating-room
#9
David C Woodland, C Randall Cooper, M Farzan Rashid, Vilma L Rosario, Paul David Weyker, Joshua Weintraub, Stuart Bentley-Hibbert, Michael D Kluger
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVC) can be useful for perioperative monitoring and insertion has low complication rates. However, routine post insertion chest X-rays have become standard of care and contribute to health care costs with limited impact on patient management. METHODS: 200 patient charts who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy with central line placement and early line removal were reviewed for clinical complications related to central line placement as well as radiographic evidence of malpositioning...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627326/one-percent-chlorhexidine-alcohol-for-preventing-central-venous-catheter-related-infection-during-intensive-chemotherapy-for-patients-with-haematologic-malignancies
#10
Shimon Ohtake, Hiromichi Takahashi, Masaru Nakagawa, Yoshihito Uchino, Katsuhiro Miura, Noriyoshi Iriyama, Tomohiro Nakayama, Yoshihiro Hatta, Masami Takei
A central venous catheter (CVC) is a catheter placed into a large vein, and is used for chemotherapy administration. However, there is little confirmatory data on which antiseptic-such as chlorhexidine or povidone-iodine (PI) -is more protective against CVC-related infectious complications in patients receiving intensive chemotherapy. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of 1% chlorhexidine gluconate in 70% alcohol (CH) vs. PI for skin disinfection before CVC insertion in patients receiving intensive chemotherapy...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619341/right-carotid-cutaneous-fistula-and-right-carotid-pseudoaneurysm-formation-secondary-to-a-chronically-infected-polyethylene-terephthalate-patch
#11
W T Hillman Terzian, Samuel Schadt, Sharvil U Sheth
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) remains the treatment for significant carotid stenosis and stroke prevention. Approximately 100,000 CEAs are performed in the United States every year. Randomized trials have demonstrated an advantage of patch carotid angioplasty over primary closure. Complications from patches include thrombosis, transient ischemic attack, stroke, restenosis, pseudoaneurysm (PA), and infection. PA after CEA is rare, with a reported average of 0.37% of cases. We describe an unusual case of PA after polyethylene terephthalate (PTFE) patching for CEA...
January 2018: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618188/is-it-possible-to-reduce-intra-hospital-transport-time-for-computed-tomography-evaluation-in-critically-ill-cases-using-the-easy-tube-arrange-device
#12
Kyung Hyeok Song, Sung Uk Cho, Jin Woong Lee, Yong Chul Cho, Won Joon Jeong, Yeon Ho You, Seung Ryu, Seung Whan Kim, In Sool Yoo, Ki Hyuk Joo
OBJECTIVE: Patients are often transported within the hospital, especially in cases of critical illness for which computed tomography (CT) is performed. Since increased transport time increases the risks of complications, reducing transport time is important for patient safety. This study aimed to evaluate the ability of our newly invented device, the Easy Tube Arrange Device (ETAD), to reduce transport time for CT evaluation in cases of critical illness. METHODS: This prospective randomized control study included 60 volunteers...
March 2018: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616470/peritoneal-dialysis-as-initial-dialysis-modality-a-viable-option-for-late-presenting-end-stage-renal-disease
#13
REVIEW
Muhammad Masoom Javaid, Behram Ali Khan, Srinivas Subramanian
Late-presenting end-stage renal disease is a significant problem worldwide. Up to 70% of patients start dialysis in an unplanned manner without a definitive dialysis access in place. Haemodialysis via a central venous catheter is the default modality for the majority of such patients, and peritoneal dialysis is usually not considered as a feasible option. However, in the recent years, some reports on urgent-start peritoneal dialysis in the late-presenting end-stage renal disease have been published. The collective experience shows that PD can be a safe, efficient and cost-effective alternative to haemodialysis in late-presenting end-stage renal disease with comparable outcomes to the conventional peritoneal dialysis and urgent-start haemodialysis...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615158/reduction-in-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-nicu-practical-lessons-for-its-achievement-and-sustainability
#14
Judith A Hawes, Kyong-Soon Lee
Central venous catheters are commonly used for the provision of parenteral nutrition and medications for critically ill neonates in the NICU. However, central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a major complication associated with their use and remain an important cause of nosocomial sepsis in NICUs. Central line-associated bloodstream infection has shifted from being an expected routine complication of central line use to an adverse event now evaluated as a critical event with the goal of identifying root causes so future CLABSI events are prevented...
March 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607221/a-rare-central-venous-catheter-malposition-in-a-10-year-old-girl
#15
Ali Movafegh, Alireza Saliminia, Reza Atef-Yekta, Omid Azimaraghi
Central venous catheters (CVCs) are placed in operating rooms worldwide via different approaches. Like any other medical procedure, CVC placement can cause a variety of complications. We report the case of an unexpected malposition of a catheter in the right internal jugular vein, where it looped back on itself during placement and went upward into the right internal jugular vein. CVC line placement should always be viewed as a procedure that could become complicated, even in the hands of the most experienced operators...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605397/venous-thromboembolism-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Gary M Woods, Ruchika Sharma, Susan Creary, Sarah O'Brien, Joseph Stanek, Kan Hor, Jennifer Young, Amy L Dunn, Riten Kumar
OBJECTIVES: To describe the cumulative incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) followed at a single institution and report on the risk factors associated with VTE development. STUDY DESIGN: Charts for all patients with SCD, aged 0-21 years, followed at Nationwide Children's Hospital over a 6-year period (January 1, 2009, to January 31, 2015) were reviewed. Data on VTE diagnosis, sex, body mass index/weight-for-length, SCD genotype, SCD clinical complications, central venous catheter (CVC) placement, and thrombophilia testing were collected...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603317/innovative-discharge-process-for-families-with-pediatric-short-bowel-syndrome-a-prospective-nonrandomized-trial
#17
Bram P Raphael, Maria Jorina, Mary Gallotto, Glendalis Grullon, Meghan Dalton, Melissa Takvorian-Bené, Christina Tascione, Carolyn Rosa, Jennifer McClelland, Megan Gray, Alexis K Potemkin, Courtney Glavin, Kathleen M Gura, Margaret K Murphy, Kierrah Leger, Judith Mahoney, Jessica Kerr, Al Ozonoff, Christopher P Duggan
BACKGROUND: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is a life-sustaining therapy for short bowel syndrome (SBS) and other severe digestive diseases, but complications are common. We evaluated a predischarge HPN hands-on training course to reduce complications in children with SBS, including hospital readmissions. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, nonrandomized controlled research study between April 1, 2014, and April 30, 2017. Eligible participants were children aged <18 years old with SBS and anticipated HPN dependence duration ≥6 months...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602709/comparative-study-on-fixation-of-central-venous-catheter-by-suture-versus-adhesive-device
#18
C S Molina-Mazón, X Martín-Cerezo, G Domene-Nieves de la Vega, S Asensio-Flores, J Adamuz-Tomás
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a central venous catheter adhesive fixation device (CVC) to prevent associated complications. To establish the need for dressing changes, number of days' catheterization and reasons for catheter removal in both study groups. To assess the degree of satisfaction of personnel with the adhesive system. METHOD: A, randomized, prospective and open pilot study, of parallel groups, with comparative evaluation between CVC fixation with suture and with an adhesive safety system...
March 27, 2018: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602547/ostomy-in-continuity-a-novel-approach-for-the-management-of-children-with-complex-short-bowel-syndrome
#19
Sona Sehgal, Anthony D Sandler, A Alfred Chahine, Parvati Mohan, Clarivet Torres
INTRODUCTION: Despite medical and surgical management, a subset of children with short bowel syndrome (SBS) who have discrepancy between proximal small bowel and distal colon have persistent feeding intolerance. We propose the use of an Ostomy in Continuity (OIC) (Bishop-Koop or Santulli) as a salvage procedure to decompress the proximal bowel while still maintaining maximal intestinal length, in these patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 104 SBS patients identified sixteen patients who underwent an OIC...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602488/femoral-arterial-and-central-venous-catheters-in-the-trauma-resuscitation-room
#20
S R Hamada, M Fromentin, M Ronot, T Gauss, A Harrois, J Duranteau, C Paugam-Burtz
BACKGROUND: Arterial and central venous femoral catheters (fAC-CVC) use during the initial management of severe trauma patients is not a standard technique in most trauma centers. Arguments in favor of their use are: continuous monitoring of blood pressure, safe drug administration, easy blood sampling and potentially large bore venous access. The lack of evidence makes the practice heterogeneous. The aim of the present study was to describe the use and complications of fAC-CVC in the trauma bay in two centers where they are routinely used...
March 23, 2018: Injury
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