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indication of lactose free milk

Shi-An Yin, Zhen-Yu Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Understanding human milk composition is critical for setting nutrient recommended intakes (RNIs) for both infants and lactating women. However, nationwide human milk composition remains unavailable in China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Through cross-sectional study, human milk samples from 11 provinces in China were collected and their compositions were analyzed. Nutritional and health status of the lactating women and their infants were evaluated through questionnaire, physical examination and biochemical indicators...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Daniela Branco Tavares Mascagni, Celina Massumi Miyazaki, Nilson Cristino da Cruz, Marli Leite de Moraes, Antonio Riul, Marystela Ferreira
We report an electrochemical glucose biosensor made with layer-by-layer (LbL) films of functionalized reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and glucose oxidase (GOx). The LbL assembly using positively and negatively charged rGO multilayers represents a simple approach to develop enzymatic biosensors. The electron transport properties of graphene were combined with the specificity provided by the enzyme. rGO was obtained and functionalized using chemical methods, being positively charged with poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) to form GPDDA, and negatively charged with poly(styrene sulfonate) to form GPSS...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Fan Tong, Rulai Yang, Fang Hong, Guling Qian, Pingping Jiang, Rui Gao
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence and genotype-phenotype characteristics of UDP-galactose-4'-epimerase (GALE) deficiency in newborn screening of Chinese population. METHODS: Neonates were screened at the Newborn Screening Center of Zhejiang Province, China for GALE deficiency and their condition was confirmed by testing of the GALE gene and GALE enzyme. Clinical and laboratory follow-up data were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 350,023 of newborns were screened; of which, the condition of one female neonate was diagnosed with GALE deficiency, accounting for an incidence rate of approximately 1:350,000 in our sample...
March 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Ankit Goyal, Vivek Sharma, Neelam Upadhyay, A K Singh, Sumit Arora, Darshan Lal, Latha Sabikhi
The objective of the present study was to develop a stable flaxseed oil emulsion for the delivery of omega-3 (ω-3) fatty acids through food fortification. Oil-in-water emulsions containing 12.5 % flaxseed oil, 10 % lactose and whey protein concentrate (WPC)-80 ranging from 5 to 12.5 % were prepared at 1,500, 3,000 and 4,500 psi homogenization pressure. Flaxseed oil emulsions were studied for its physical stability, oxidative stability (peroxide value), particle size distribution, zeta (ζ)-potential and rheological properties...
July 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Gonzalo Ferreira, Alston N Brown, Christy L Teets
We hypothesized that pantothenic acid reduces the absorption of biotin in lactating dairy cows. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the plausible interaction between biotin and pantothenic acid on production performance and concentration of avidin-binding substances (ABS), an indicator of biotin concentration, in blood and milk of lactating dairy cows. Eight primiparous and 16 multiparous Holstein cows were assigned to 1 of 4 diet sequences in a replicated 4×4 Latin square design with 18-d periods...
September 2015: Journal of Dairy Science
Irina Stulova, Natalja Kabanova, Tiina Kriščiunaite, Kaarel Adamberg, Tiiu-Maie Laht, Raivo Vilu
The growth of Streptococcus thermophilus ST12 (ST12) in liquid milk, reconstituted from low-heat skim milk powder reconstituted skim milk (RSM) and in RSM with rennet addition (r-RSM) at 40°C was monitored by microcalorimetry. It was shown that the growth rate of bacteria decreased in renneted samples in comparison with liquid RSM starting from certain sizes of the colonies ("deviation moments"), which depended on the inoculation rates. The hydrolysis of lactose was delayed for about 1 h in the r-RSM in comparison with RSM but otherwise the metabolism of carbohydrates in the renneted and non-renneted milks was similar...
2015: Frontiers in Microbiology
A Sá Neto, A W Bispo, D Junges, A K Bercht, M Zopollatto, J L P Daniel, L G Nussio
The objective of this study was to determine whether replacing the physically effective neutral detergent fiber (peNDF) of corn silage with sugarcane silage peNDF would affect performance in dairy cows. Twenty-four late-lactation Holstein cows were assigned to eight 3 × 3 Latin squares with 21-d periods. The dietary treatments were (1) 25% peNDF of corn silage, (2) 25% peNDF of sugarcane silage, and (3) 12.5% peNDF of corn silage + 12.5% peNDF of sugarcane silage. The physical effectiveness factors (pef) were assumed to be 1 for corn silage and 1...
November 2014: Journal of Dairy Science
Melissa J Starling, Nicholas Branson, Denis Cody, Timothy R Starling, Paul D McGreevy
Recent advances in animal welfare science used judgement bias, a type of cognitive bias, as a means to objectively measure an animal's affective state. It is postulated that animals showing heightened expectation of positive outcomes may be categorised optimistic, while those showing heightened expectations of negative outcomes may be considered pessimistic. This study pioneers the use of a portable, automated apparatus to train and test the judgement bias of dogs. Dogs were trained in a discrimination task in which they learned to touch a target after a tone associated with a lactose-free milk reward and abstain from touching the target after a tone associated with water...
2014: PloS One
T Larsen, K M Moyes
A total of 3200 milk samples from Holstein and Jersey cows were analysed for free glucose and glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) by an enzymatic-fluorometric method that requires no pre-treatment. The cows were primiparous as well as multiparous, and samples were taken throughout the entire lactation period. In addition, lactose, protein, fat, citrate and β-hydroxybutyrate were determined and comparisons between these variables were made. Data were analysed using GLM model for the effect of parity, breed, time from last milking and stage of lactation on variations in parameters in milk...
January 2015: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
D E Rico, Y Ying, K J Harvatine
A variable response to fat supplementation has been reported in dairy cows, which may be due to cow production level, environmental conditions, or diet characteristics. In the present experiment, the effect of a high palmitic acid supplement was investigated relative to a conventional Ca salts of palm fatty acids (Ca-FA) supplement in 16 high-producing Holstein cows (46.6±12.4kg of milk/d) arranged in a crossover design with 14-d periods. The experiment was conducted in a non-heat-stress season with 29.5% neutral detergent fiber diets...
September 2014: Journal of Dairy Science
Therese Jansson, Morten R Clausen, Ulrik K Sundekilde, Nina Eggers, Steffen Nyegaard, Lotte B Larsen, Colin Ray, Anja Sundgren, Henrik J Andersen, Hanne C Bertram
The enzymatic hydrolysis of lactose to glucose and galactose gives rise to reactions that change the chemistry and quality of ambient-stored lactose-hydrolyzed ultra-high-temperature (UHT) milk. The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare chemical changes in lactose-hydrolyzed and conventional UHT milk during a 9 month ambient storage period. Several complementary analyses of volatiles, free amino acids, acetate, furosine, and level of free amino terminals were concluded. The analyses revealed an increased level of free amino acids and an increased formation rate of specific compounds such as furosine and 2-methylbutanal in lactose-hydrolyzed UHT milk compared to conventional UHT milk during storage...
August 6, 2014: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Osman Gulseven, Michael Wohlgenant
This article investigates the socio-demographic determinants affecting the demand for functional and nutritional enhancements in milk products based on a two-stage model. In order to derive the implicit market values of these enhancements, first we estimated the relationship between the prices of differentiated dairy products and the amount or respectively the presence of specific characteristics in these products. Next, using these implicit prices along with the information on households' demographic background, we analyzed the socio-demographic factors that affect consumer demand for specific functional and nutritional enhancements...
October 2014: Appetite
Alfredo Guarino, Shai Ashkenazi, Dominique Gendrel, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Raanan Shamir, Hania Szajewska
OBJECTIVES: These guidelines update and extend evidence-based indications for the management of children with acute gastroenteritis in Europe. METHODS: The guideline development group formulated questions, identified data, and formulated recommendations. The latter were graded with the Muir Gray system and, in parallel, with the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations system. RESULTS: Gastroenteritis severity is linked to etiology, and rotavirus is the most severe infectious agent and is frequently associated with dehydration...
July 2014: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
John B Lasekan, Hawley K Linke, Jeffery S Oliver, Jane D Carver, Mark M Blatter, Matthew J Kuchan, Jenna M Cramer, Paul F Pollack
OBJECTIVE: Spit-up (regurgitation) reduction with prethickened milk protein-based infant formulas containing rice starch has been clinically demonstrated in infants with heavy spit-ups but not in otherwise healthy normal infants with common spit-ups. The objective of this study was to evaluate growth, gastrointestinal tolerance, and efficacy to reduce common spit-up in normal, healthy term infants fed an investigational rice starch prethickened lactose-free milk protein-based infant formula...
2014: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Khalilah Abdul Khalil, Shuhaimi Mustafa, Rosfarizan Mohammad, Arbakariya Bin Ariff, Yamin Shaari, Yazid Abdul Manap, Siti Aqlima Ahmad, Farrah Aini Dahalan
This study was undertaken to optimize skim milk and yeast extract concentration as a cultivation medium for optimal Bifidobacteria pseudocatenulatum G4 (G4) biomass and β -galactosidase production as well as lactose and free amino nitrogen (FAN) balance after cultivation period. Optimization process in this study involved four steps: screening for significant factors using 2(3) full factorial design, steepest ascent, optimization using FCCD-RSM, and verification. From screening steps, skim milk and yeast extract showed significant influence on the biomass production and, based on the steepest ascent step, middle points of skim milk (6% wt/vol) and yeast extract (1...
2014: BioMed Research International
Stephen MacGillivray, Tom Fahey, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Young children with acute diarrhoea, typically due to infectious gastroenteritis, may temporarily stop producing lactase, the intestinal enzyme that digests lactose. This means they may not digest lactose, the main sugar in milk, and this may worsen or prolong the diarrhoeal illness. However, there is uncertainty whether avoiding lactose-containing milk or milk products helps young children recover from acute diarrhoea more quickly. OBJECTIVES: To assess if avoiding or reducing intake of lactose-containing milk or milk products shortens the duration and severity of illness in young children with acute diarrhoea...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Maciej Jóźwik, Marcin Jóźwik, Cecilia Teng, Michał Jóźwik, Frederick C Battaglia
OBJECTIVE: The transition from colostrum to mature breast milk during early puerperium is associated with significant concentration changes of numerous compounds. However, it is not known whether the free sugars, aminohexoses, and polyols are affected. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to determine their concentrations in human colostrum and milk during the first 10 days postpartum. METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study in a sample of normal consecutive obstetric patients was conducted as a collaboration between two academic centers-Polish and American...
March 2013: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
C Biggs
BACKGROUND: In Sub-Saharan Africa, children commonly present with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) complicated by HIV/AIDS. In 2005, the South African Department of Health implemented the World Health Organization (WHO) Ten Step programme for the inpatient treatment of SAM. Dietary management with F75 and F100 (where the terms F75 and F100 refer to a mixture of milk, sugar, oil and a vitamin and mineral mix) may not be appropriate for relatively well resourced settings such as South Africa...
April 2013: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
U C Hymes-Fecht, G A Broderick, R E Muck, J H Grabber
The objective of this study was to compare milk production and nutrient utilization in dairy cattle fed silage made from alfalfa (AL) or red clover (RC) versus birdsfoot trefoil (BFT) selected for low, normal, and high levels of condensed tannins. Condensed tannin contents of the 3 BFT silages were 8, 12, and 16 g/kg of DM by butanol-HCl assay. Twenty-five multiparous Holstein cows (5 fitted with ruminal cannulas) were blocked by days in milk and randomly assigned within blocks to incomplete 5×5 Latin squares...
January 2013: Journal of Dairy Science
D L Van Hekken, M H Tunick, L N Leggett, P M Tomasula
The manufacture of Queso Fresco (QF), a high-moisture fresh Mexican cheese that is popular in the Americas, varies from country to country, with many manufacturers milling the curd before forming the cheese block to disrupt the protein matrix and ensure the crumbly nature of the QF. Because this traditional milling step does take time and may be an unnecessary point of microbial contamination, this study was undertaken to determine whether the curd-milling step could be omitted without altering the chemical, functional, and textural properties of the QF...
October 2012: Journal of Dairy Science
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