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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729815/symposium-report-an-evidence-based-approach-to-ibs-and-cic-applying-new-advances-to-daily-practice-a-review-of-an-adjunct-clinical-symposium-of-the-american-college-of-gastroenterology-meeting-october-16-2016-%C3%A2-las-vegas-nevada
#1
William D Chey
Many nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies are available to manage irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC). The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) regularly publishes reviews on IBS and CIC therapies. The most recent of these reviews was published by the ACG Task Force on the Management of Functional Bowel Disorders in 2014. The key objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of therapies for IBS or CIC compared with placebo or no treatment in randomized controlled trials...
February 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717846/effects-of-xylitol-and-sucrose-mint-products-on-streptococcus-mutans-colonization-in-a-dental-simulator-model
#2
Krista M Salli, Ulvi K Gürsoy, Eva M Söderling, Arthur C Ouwehand
Few laboratory methods exist for evaluating the cariogenicity of food ingredients. In this study, a dental simulator was used to determine the effects of commercial sucrose and xylitol mint products on the adherence and planktonic growth of Streptococcus mutans. Solutions (3% w/v) of sucrose, xylitol, sucrose mints, xylitol mints, xylitol with 0.02% peppermint oil (PO), and 0.02% PO alone were used to test the levels of planktonic and adhered S. mutans. A dental simulator with continuous artificial saliva flow, constant temperature, and mixing was used as a test environment and hydroxyapatite (HA) discs were implemented into the model to simulate the tooth surface...
July 17, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695660/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-menthacarin-a-proprietary-peppermint-and-caraway-oil-preparation-on-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-functional-dyspepsia
#3
G Rich, A Shah, N Koloski, P Funk, B Stracke, S Köhler, G Holtmann
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a very common condition affecting more than 10% of the population. While there is no cure, a few drugs have been found to be effective for the relief of symptoms, although most are only effective in a subgroup of patients. We assess and compare the efficacy of a fixed peppermint/caraway-oil-combination (Menthacarin) on symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in patients with FD symptoms consistent with epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) and postprandial distress syndrome (PDS)...
July 10, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645519/the-repellent-efficacy-of-eleven-essential-oils-against-adult-dermacentor-reticulatus-ticks
#4
Katarína Štefanidesová, Ľudovít Škultéty, Olivier A E Sparagano, Eva Špitalská
Dermacentor reticulatus ticks are among the most important arthropod vectors of zoonotic disease agents in Europe. Eleven essential oils, namely basil (Ocimum basilicum), bergamot (Citrus bergamia), clove bud (Syzygium aromaticum), citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus), creeping thyme (Thymus serpyllum), lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), lemon-scented gum (Corymbia citriodora), marjoram (Origanum majorana), peppermint (Mentha piperita), spearmint (M. spicata), and red thyme (Thymus vulgaris) were tested for repellency against adult D...
August 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640576/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-on-insomnia-and-other-common-symptoms-among-patients-with-acute-leukemia
#5
Lisa Blackburn, Sara Achor, Betty Allen, Nicole Bauchmire, Danielle Dunnington, Rebecca Klisovic, Steven Naber, Kirsten Roblee, Angela Samczak, Kelly Tomlinson-Pinkham, Esther Chipps
Purpose/Objectives: To determine if the use of aromatherapy improves insomnia and other common symptoms in hospitalized patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia. Design: A randomized, crossover, washout trial. Setting: An inpatient acute leukemia unit at the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard L. Solove Research Institute of the Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University in Columbus. Sample: 50 patients who were newly diagnosed with acute leukemia and hospitalized to receive their initial four weeks of intensive induction chemotherapy...
June 16, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629195/candida-albicans-impairments-induced-by-peppermint-and-clove-oils-at-sub-inhibitory-concentrations
#6
Katarzyna Rajkowska, Anna Otlewska, Alina Kunicka-Styczyńska, Agnieszka Krajewska
Members of Candida species cause significant health problems, inducing various types of superficial and deep-seated mycoses in humans. In order to prevent from Candida sp. development, essential oils are more and more frequently applied, due to their antifungal activity, low toxicity if used appropriately, and biodegrability. The aim of the study was to characterize the early alterations in Candida albicans metabolic properties in relation to proteins and chromosomal DNA profiles, after treatment with peppermint and clove oils at sub-inhibitory concentrations...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620726/determination-of-the-cadmium-chromium-nickel-and-lead-ions-relays-in-selected-polish-medicinal-plants-and-their-infusion
#7
Janusz Mirosławski, Andrzej Paukszto
Concentration of Cd, Cr, Ni, and Pb were determined in peppermint leaves (Folium Menthae piperitae), chamomile blossom (Anthodium Chamomillae), and their infusions by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) after microwave digestion of plants samples. Peppermint and chamomile preparations by five different producers were purchased at various pharmacies in Poland. Infusions were made from herbs according to prescription for patients, provided by the producer of medicine on the package. Results show that in exam of medicinal plants the content of cadmium exceeds World Health Organization (WHO) standards...
June 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609410/effects-of-aroma-gargling-cold-water-gargling-and-wet-gauze-application-on-thirst-halitosis-and-sore-throat-of-patients-after-spine-surgery
#8
Kyung Eun Oh, Ae Ran Song, Sohyune R Sok
This study compared and examined the effects of aroma gargling, cold water gargling, and wet gauze application on thirst, halitosis, and sore throat in patients after spine surgery. A quasiexperimental pretest/posttest control group design was employed. Samples were total 70 patients (aroma gargling: 24 samples, cold gargling: 24 samples, and wet gauze: 22 samples) after spine surgery in K Hospital in Seoul, Korea. The aroma gargle solution as an experimental intervention was prepared by blending peppermint, tea tree, and lemon oils at a ratio of 1:2:2...
July 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573171/topical-lidocaine-inhibits-spasm-during-colonoscopy-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-with-video
#9
Daiki Nemoto, Kenichi Utano, Noriyuki Isohata, Shungo Endo, Kensuke Kumamoto, Taka-Aki Koshimizu, Alan Lefor, Kazutomo Togashi
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  Topical peppermint oil prevents intestinal spasm, but can cause rebound spasm. Lidocaine hydrochloride, a local anesthetic, may work as an antispasmodic by blocking Na + channels. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of topical lidocaine on the inhibition of colonic spasm during colonoscopy, compared with peppermint oil. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  A randomized, controlled double-blind trial was conducted in an academic endoscopy unit...
June 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562281/herbal-medicines-for-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Dennis Anheyer, Jane Frawley, Anna Katharina Koch, Romy Lauche, Jost Langhorst, Gustav Dobos, Holger Cramer
CONTEXT: Gastrointestinal disorders are common childhood complaints. Particular types of complementary and alternative medicine, such as herbal medicine, are commonly used among children. Research information on efficacy, safety, or dosage forms is still lacking. OBJECTIVES: To systematically summarize effectiveness and safety of different herbal treatment options for gastrointestinal disorders in children. DATA SOURCES: Medline/PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were searched through July 15, 2016...
May 4, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545508/open-label-versus-double-blind-placebo-treatment-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sarah Ballou, Ted J Kaptchuk, William Hirsch, Judy Nee, Johanna Iturrino, Kathryn T Hall, John M Kelley, Vivian Cheng, Irving Kirsch, Eric Jacobson, Lisa Conboy, Anthony Lembo, Roger B Davis
BACKGROUND: Placebo medications, by definition, are composed of inactive ingredients that have no physiological effect on symptoms. Nonetheless, administration of placebo in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and in clinical settings has been demonstrated to have significant impact on many physical and psychological complaints. Until recently, conventional wisdom has suggested that patients must believe that placebo pills actually contain (or, at least, might possibly contain) active medication in order to elicit a response to placebo...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542639/rodents-and-humans-are-able-to-detect-the-odour-of-l-lactate
#12
Valentina Mosienko, Andy J Chang, Natalia Alenina, Anja G Teschemacher, Sergey Kasparov
L-Lactate (LL) is an essential cellular metabolite which can be used to generate energy. In addition, accumulating evidence suggests that LL is used for inter-cellular signalling. Some LL-sensitive receptors have been identified but we recently proposed that there may be yet another unknown G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) sensitive to LL in the brain. Olfactory receptors (ORs) represent the largest family of GPCRs and some of them are expressed outside the olfactory system, including brain, making them interesting candidates for non-olfactory LL signalling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531972/bio-synthesis-of-peppermint-leaf-extract-polyphenols-capped-nano-platinum-and-their-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-towards-colon-cancer-cell-lines-hct-116
#13
Chuang Yang, Minghua Wang, Junde Zhou, Qiang Chi
Bio-synthesis of Platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) was achieved using Mentha piperita (Peppermint) aqueous leaf extract. Further the ecofriendly synthesized Pt NPs were subjected for various characterization techniques. The characterization results inferred that the green synthesized Pt NPs were said to be in average particle size of 54.3nm. The particles are in spherical shape and it has been entrapped with secondary metabolites (Polyphenols). The polyphenols capped Pt NPs were screened for cytotoxicity against human colon cancer cell line (HCT 116)...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516411/preparation-of-essential-oil-based-microemulsions-for-improving-the-solubility-ph-stability-photostability-and-skin-permeation-of-quercetin
#14
Xia Lv, Tiantian Liu, Huipeng Ma, Yan Tian, Lei Li, Zhen Li, Meng Gao, Jianbin Zhang, Zeyao Tang
Quercetin can bring many benefits to skin based on its various bioactivities. However, the therapeutic effect of quercetin is limited due to the poor water solubility, pH instability, light instability, and skin permeation. The aim of the present work was applying essential oil-based microemulsions to improve the solubility, pH stability, photostability, and skin permeation of quercetin for topical application. Peppermint oil (PO-ME), clove oil (CO-ME), and rosemary oil (RMO-ME) were selected as model essential oils...
May 17, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503740/weed-interference-with-peppermint-mentha-x-piperita-l-and-spearmint-mentha-spicata-l-crops-under-different-herbicide-treatments-effects-on-biomass-and-essential-oil-yield
#15
Anestis Karkanis, Christos Lykas, Vasiliki Liava, Anna Bezou, Spyridon Petropoulos, Nikolaos Tsiropoulos
BACKGROUND: 'Minor crops' such as spearmint and peppermint are high added value crops, despite the fact that their production area is comparably small worldwide. The main limiting factor in mint commercial cultivation is weed competition. Thus, field experiments were carried out to evaluate the effects of weed interference on growth, biomass and essential oil yield in peppermint and spearmint under different herbicide treatments. RESULTS: The application of pendimethalin and oxyfluorfen provided better control of annual weeds resulting in higher crop yield...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489336/antimicrobial-activity-of-natural-products-against-clostridium-difficile-in-vitro
#16
Niloufar Roshan, Thomas V Riley, Katherine A Hammer
AIMS: To investigate the antimicrobial activity of various natural products against C. difficile in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS: The antibacterial activity of 20 natural products was determined by the agar well diffusion and broth microdilution assays against four C. difficile strains, three comparator organisms and four gastrointestinal commensal organisms. Of the raw natural products, garlic juice had the highest activity. The most active processed products were peppermint oil and the four pure compounds trans-cinnamaldehyde, allicin, menthol and zingerone...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444217/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-pesticides-on-the-insidious-flower-bug-hemiptera-anthocoridae-under-laboratory-conditions
#17
Nathan J Herrick, Raymond A Cloyd
Greenhouse producers are interested in integrating natural enemies along with pesticides to suppress western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), populations. The insidious flower bug, Orius insidiosus (Say), is a commercially available natural enemy of western flower thrips. We conducted a series of laboratory experiments to determine the direct and indirect effects of 28 pesticides (insecticides, miticides, and fungicides), 4 pesticide mixtures, and 4 surfactants (36 total treatments plus a water control) on the adult O...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395396/a-randomized-controlled-trial-provides-evidence-to-support-aromatherapy-to-minimize-anxiety-in-women-undergoing-breast-biopsy
#18
Renee Trambert, Mildred Ortu Kowalski, Betty Wu, Nimisha Mehta, Paul Friedman
BACKGROUND: Aromatherapy has been used to reduce anxiety in a variety of settings, but usefulness associated with breast biopsies has not been documented. AIMS: This study was conducted in women undergoing image-guided breast biopsy. We explored the use of two different aromatherapy scents, compared to placebo, aimed at reducing anxiety with the intent of generating new knowledge. METHODS: This was a randomized, placebo-controlled study of two different types of external aromatherapy tabs (lavender-sandalwood and orange-peppermint) compared with a matched placebo-control delivery system...
April 10, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384103/emulsion-of-chloramphenicol-an-overwhelming-approach-for-ocular-delivery
#19
Kalpesh C Ashara, Ketan V Shah
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmic formulations of chloramphenicol have poor bioavailability of chloramphenicol in the ocular cavity. AIM: The present study aimed at exploring the impact of different oil mixtures in the form of emulsion on the permeability of chloramphenicol after ocular application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Selection of oil mixture and ratio of the components was made by an equilibrium solubility method. An emulsifier was chosen according to its emulsification properties...
March 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381116/performance-of-broilers-supplemented-with-peppermint-mentha-piperita-l-powder
#20
Nematollah Asadi, Seyed Davood Husseini, Mohammad-Taghi Tohidian, Nargess Abdali, Amir Mimandipoure, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Mahmoud Bahmani
This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary supplementation of peppermint ( Mentha piperita L.) on the performance of broiler chicks. 500 Ross broiler chicks were divided into 5 treatment groups of 4 replications in a completely randomized design format. The diets were ISO-caloric and ISO-nitrogenous ones and contained 1.5, 3, 4.5, and 6 g/kg of peppermint powder. At start, growing, and end periods, the effects of peppermint powder on average daily weight gain, feed conversation ratio, and mortality rate were studied...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
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