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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811611/the-antibacterial-and-antifungal-activity-of-six-essential-oils-and-their-cyto-genotoxicity-to-human-hel-12469-cells
#1
Andrea Puškárová, Mária Bučková, Lucia Kraková, Domenico Pangallo, Katarína Kozics
Six essential oils (from oregano, thyme, clove, lavender, clary sage, and arborvitae) exhibited different antibacterial and antifungal properties. Antimicrobial activity was shown against pathogenic (Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Yersinia enterocolitica, Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Enterococcus faecalis) and environmental bacteria (Bacillus cereus, Arthrobacter protophormiae, Pseudomonas fragi) and fungi (Chaetomium globosum, Penicillium chrysogenum, Cladosporium cladosporoides, Alternaria alternata, and Aspergillus fumigatus)...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803691/effectiveness-of-lavendula-stoechas-essential-oil-in-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Bina Eftekharsadat, Peyman Roomizadeh, Shervin Torabi, Fariba Heshmati-Afshar, Fatemeh Jahanjoo, Arash Babaei-Ghazani
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. To date, no previous study has evaluated the efficacy of topical Lavendula stoechas (Lavender) oil in CTS patients. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effectiveness of topical Lavender essential oil in pain intensity, isometric pinch strength, electrophysiological features, and functional status of patients with mild to moderate CTS...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801935/biocidal-potential-and-chemical-composition-of-industrial-essential-oils-from-hyssopus-officinalis-lavandula-x-intermedia-var-super-and-santolina-chamaecyparissus
#3
Gonzalo Ortiz de Elguea-Culebras, Raúl Sánchez-Vioque, María Isabel Berruga, David Herraiz-Peñalver, Azucena González-Coloma, María Fé Andrés, Omar Santana-Méridas
This work presents the biocidal (insecticidal, ixodicidal, nematicidal and phytotoxic) effects and chemical compositions of three essential oils obtained from the industrial steam distillation (IEOs) of hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.), lavandin (Lavandula x intermedia or L. x hybrida var. Super) and cotton lavender (Santolina chamaecyparissus L.). Their chemical composition analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry showed 1,8-cineole (53%) and β-pinene (16%) as the major components of H...
August 12, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800104/chemometric-analysis-of-lavender-essential-oils-using-targeted-and-untargeted-gc-ms-acquired-data-for-the-rapid-identification-and-characterization-of-oil-quality
#4
David J Beale, Paul D Morrison, Avinash V Karpe, Michael S Dunn
Standard raw material test methods such as the ISO Standard 11024 are focused on the identification of lavender oil and not the actual class/quality of the oil. However, the quality of the oil has a significant effect on its price at market. As such, there is a need for raw material tests to identify not only the type of oil but its quality. This paper describes two approaches to rapidly identifying and classifying lavender oil. First, the ISO Standard 11024 test method was evaluated in order to determine its suitability to assess lavender oil quality but due to its targeted and simplistic approach, it has the potential to miss classify oil quality...
August 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783372/effects-of-aromatherapy-massage-on-pregnant-women-s-stress-and-immune-function-a-longitudinal-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Pao-Ju Chen, Cheng-Chen Chou, Luke Yang, Yu-Lun Tsai, Yue-Cune Chang, Jen-Jiuan Liaw
OBJECTIVES: This study's aims are to examine the effects of aromatherapy massage on women's stress and immune function during pregnancy. METHODS: This longitudinal, prospective, randomized controlled trial recruited 52 healthy pregnant women from a prenatal clinic in Taipei using convenience sampling. The participants were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 24) or control (n = 28) group using Clinstat block randomization. The intervention group received 70 min of aromatherapy massage with 2% lavender essential oil every other week (10 times in total) for 20 weeks; the control group received only routine prenatal care...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782394/essential-oil-obtained-from-micropropagated-lavender-its-effect-on-hsf-cells-and-application-in-cosmetic-emulsion-as-a-natural-protective-substance
#6
D Andrys, M Adaszyńska-Skwirzyńska, D Kulpa
The aim of the study was to determine the influence of the essential oils isolated from the field - grown and micropropagated in vitro narrow - leaved lavender of the 'Munstead' cultivar, on human skin cells, and their capability to synthesise procollagen. The amount of procollagen type I produced by fibroblast cells was determined using ELISA kit. Essential oil isolated from micropropagated lavender was further used as a protective ingredient against the development of microorganisms in O/W cosmetic emulsion...
August 7, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779942/effect-of-inhalation-aromatherapy-with-lavender-essence-on-pain-associated-with-intravenous-catheter-insertion-in-preschool-children-a-quasi-experimental-study
#7
Ali Bikmoradi, Masoomeh Khaleghverdi, Iraj Seddighi, Shirin Moradkhani, Alireza Soltanian, Fatemeh Cheraghi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of inhalation aromatherapy with lavender essence on the pain severity of intravenous catheter insertion in hospitalized preschool children. METHOD: A quasi-experimental study involving 60 participants using convenience sampling were assigned to control (n = 30) and aromatherapy (n = 30) groups. Children in the aromatherapy group inhaled 5 drops of the essence, while children in the control group inhaled 5 drops of distilled water, 20 min before venipuncture...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779939/effects-of-lavender-scent-on-patients-anxiety-and-pain-levels-during-gynecological-examination
#8
Nilufer Tugut, Gulbahtiyar Demirel, Muruvvet Baser, Elvan E Ata, Savas Karakus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776036/production-use-and-fate-of-all-plastics-ever-made
#9
Roland Geyer, Jenna R Jambeck, Kara Lavender Law
Plastics have outgrown most man-made materials and have long been under environmental scrutiny. However, robust global information, particularly about their end-of-life fate, is lacking. By identifying and synthesizing dispersed data on production, use, and end-of-life management of polymer resins, synthetic fibers, and additives, we present the first global analysis of all mass-produced plastics ever manufactured. We estimate that 8300 million metric tons (Mt) as of virgin plastics have been produced to date...
July 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771090/challenges-and-strategies-of-sexual-minority-youth-research-in-southwest-virginia
#10
Erin S Lavender-Stott, Erika L Grafsky, Hoa N Nguyen, Emily Haugen, Sarah M Steelman
A research team that works on scholarship related to sexual minority issues has been conducting research and recruiting participants since the fall of 2012. In the years since the team was formed, there has been a variety of challenges with recruitment, approval for research through the Institutional Review Board, gaining access to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) community, and general mistrust of researchers. Using concepts from feminist-informed qualitative research methodology-including reflexivity, positionality, and engaging in research with individuals from marginalized communities-we present reflections on some of the methodological challenges the research team has encountered while trying to conduct LGBQ research in Southwest Virginia...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754054/help-me-help-me
#11
Joyce Simard
Disruptive vocalization and resisting personal care is a problem for staff in most skilled nursing facilities. Often these behaviors result in the resident being treated with antipsychotics. The Namaste Care program which takes place in a calm environment and offers a loving touch approach to care, has been successful in eliminating these behaviors. The room or space where Namaste Care takes place is as free from disruption as possible and as the resident is welcomed into the room, the calming music and scent of lavender surrounds them...
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749734/comparison-of-the-effect-of-lavender-and-bitter-orange-on-sleep-quality-in-postmenopausal-women-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Mahin Kamalifard, Azizeh Farshbaf Khalili, Mahsa Namadian, Yunes Ranjbar, Sepideh Herizchi
INTRODUCTION: This trial compared the effects of lavender and bitter orange on sleep quality in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This trial was conducted in 2015. Eligible postmenopausal women were allocated into one of two intervention groups or a control group (n = 52 per group) in a 1:1:1 ratio using a randomized block design. Intervention groups received 500 mg capsules containing only bitter orange or lavender flower powder, and the control group received 500 mg capsules containing starch...
July 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739825/neisseria-cinerea-expresses-a-functional-factor-h-binding-protein-which-is-recognised-by-immune-responses-elicited-by-meningococcal-vaccines
#13
Hayley Lavender, Katy Poncin, Christoph M Tang
Neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of bacterial meningitis and sepsis worldwide. Capsular polysaccharide vaccines are available against meningococcal serogroups A, C, W and Y. More recently two protein based vaccines, Bexsero® and Trumenba®, have been licenced against meningococcal serogroup B strains; both vaccines contain meningococcal factor H binding protein (fHbp). fHbp is a surface exposed lipoprotein which binds the negative complement regulator, complement factor H (CFH), thereby inhibiting the alternative pathway of complement activation...
July 24, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732735/acidic-polysaccharide-complexes-from-purslane-silver-linden-and-lavender-stimulate-peyer-s-patch-immune-cells-through-innate-and-adaptive-mechanisms
#14
Yordan N Georgiev, Manol H Ognyanov, Hiroaki Kiyohara, Tsvetelina G Batsalova, Balik M Dzhambazov, Milan Ciz, Petko N Denev, Haruki Yamada, Berit S Paulsen, Ondrej Vasicek, Antonin Lojek, Hilde Barsett, Daniela Antonova, Maria G Kratchanova
Three polysaccharide complexes (PSCs) were isolated from the aerial parts of common purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.), and the flowers of common lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) and silver linden (Tilia tomentosa Moench) by boiling water extraction and ethanol precipitation. The chemical composition and immunomodulating effects of isolated PSCs were characterized. The chemical characterization revealed that the three samples contain mainly pectic polysaccharides. They exhibited ex vivo intestinal immunomodulating activity through the murine Peyer's patch-mediated bone marrow cell proliferation test at 100μg/ml concentration...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707355/supercritical-co2-extraction-of-lavandula-angustifolia-mill-flowers-optimisation-of-oxygenated-monoterpenes-coumarin-and-herniarin-content
#15
Igor Jerković, Maja Molnar, Senka Vidović, Jelena Vladić, Stela Jokić
INTRODUCTION: Lavandula angustifolia is good source of oxygenated monoterpenes containing coumarins as well, which are all soluble in supercritical CO2 (SC-CO2 ). OBJECTIVE: The study objective is to investigate SC-CO2 extraction parameters on: the total yield; GC-MS profile of the extracts; relative content of oxygenated monoterpenes; the amount of coumarin and herniarin; and to determine optimal SC-CO2 extraction conditions by response surface methodology (RSM)...
July 14, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703009/evaluating-the-ecological-validity-of-the-dutch-eating-behavior-questionnaire-among-obese-adults-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#16
Tyler B Mason, Carly R Pacanowski, Jason M Lavender, Ross D Crosby, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
This study evaluated the ecological validity (i.e., accurate measurement of a construct as experienced in naturalistic settings) of the self-report Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Obese adults ( N = 50) completed the DEBQ, followed by a 2-week ecological momentary assessment protocol that included measures of eating episodes and associated intrapersonal contextual factors. Results revealed that DEBQ Emotional Eating was associated with greater negative affect and less positive affect at both pre- and post-eating episode, as well as post-eating ratings of feeling driven to eat...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691846/a-review-of-purging-disorder-through-meta-analysis
#17
Kathryn E Smith, Janis H Crowther, Jason M Lavender
Although a growing body of research has examined Purging Disorder (PD), there remains a lack of conclusive evidence regarding the diagnostic validity of PD. This meta-analysis compared PD to DSM-5 eating disorders (i.e., Anorexia Nervosa [AN], Bulimia Nervosa [BN], and Binge Eating Disorder [BED]) and controls. A comprehensive literature search identified 38 eligible studies. Group differences on indicators of course of illness and both general and eating psychopathology were assessed using standardized effect sizes...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691843/associations-of-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-with-stressful-events-and-emotional-reactivity-in-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#18
Carolyn M Pearson, Jason M Lavender, Li Cao, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits are common among those with bulimia nervosa (BN). However, how these traits impact the state experience of precipitants of BN behavior, such as stressful events and emotional reactivity, has not been determined. Thus, the purpose of this naturalistic study was to examine this trait-state association in BN. Women with DSM-IV BN (N = 133) completed a baseline measure of personality pathology traits, and subsequently recorded their affective state and the frequency and perception of 3 types of stressful events (interpersonal, work/environment, and daily hassles) several times per day for 2 weeks using ecological momentary assessment (EMA)...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671131/central-olfactory-dysfunction-in%C3%A2-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-functional-mri-study
#19
Megha M Vasavada, Brittany Martinez, Jianli Wang, Paul J Eslinger, David J Gill, Xiaoyu Sun, Prasanna Karunanayaka, Qing X Yang
BACKGROUND: Olfactory deficits are present in early Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitively impaired (MCI) patients. However, whether these deficits are due to dysfunction of the central or peripheral olfactory nervous system remains uncertain. This question is fundamentally important for developing imaging biomarkers for AD using olfactory testing. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to use olfactory functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to further demonstrate the involvement of the central olfactory system in olfactory deficits in MCI and AD...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668136/code-lavender-cultivating-intentional-acts-of-kindness-in-response-to-stressful-work-situations
#20
Judy E Davidson, Patricia Graham, Lori Montross-Thomas, William Norcross, Giovanna Zerbi
CONTEXT: Providing healthcare can be stressful. Gone unchecked, clinicians may experience decreased compassion, and increased burnout or secondary traumatic stress. Code Lavender is designed to increase acts of kindness after stressful workplace events occur. OBJECTIVE/INTERVENTION: To test the feasibility of providing Code Lavender. HYPOTHESES: After stressful events in the workplace, staff will provide, receive, and recommend Code Lavender to others...
May 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
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