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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338000/progression-of-the-first-stage-of-spontaneous-labour-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-two-sub-saharan-african-countries
#1
Olufemi T Oladapo, Joao Paulo Souza, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa, Gleici Perdoná, Domingos Alves, Hayala Souza, Rodrigo Reis, Livia Oliveira-Ciabati, Alexandre Maiorano, Adesina Akintan, Francis E Alu, Lawal Oyeneyin, Amos Adebayo, Josaphat Byamugisha, Miriam Nakalembe, Hadiza A Idris, Ola Okike, Fernando Althabe, Vanora Hundley, France Donnay, Robert Pattinson, Harshadkumar C Sanghvi, Jen E Jardine, Özge Tunçalp, Joshua P Vogel, Mary Ellen Stanton, Meghan Bohren, Jun Zhang, Tina Lavender, Jerker Liljestrand, Petra Ten Hoope-Bender, Matthews Mathai, Rajiv Bahl, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: Escalation in the global rates of labour interventions, particularly cesarean section and oxytocin augmentation, has renewed interest in a better understanding of natural labour progression. Methodological advancements in statistical and computational techniques addressing the limitations of pioneer studies have led to novel findings and triggered a re-evaluation of current labour practices. As part of the World Health Organization's Better Outcomes in Labour Difficulty (BOLD) project, which aimed to develop a new labour monitoring-to-action tool, we examined the patterns of labour progression as depicted by cervical dilatation over time in a cohort of women in Nigeria and Uganda who gave birth vaginally following a spontaneous labour onset...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337103/green-options-for-imparting-antibacterial-functionality-to-cotton-fabrics
#2
Nabil A Ibrahim, Nahed A Abd El-Ghany, Basma M Eid, Eman M Mabrouk
This study demonstrated that antibacterial cellulosic textiles can be fabricated in eco-friendly manner by grafting of monochlorotriazinyl β-cyclodextin (MCT-βCD) onto knitted and woven cotton fabrics followed by post-loading of any of the green active ingredients namely Rosemary oil, Lavender oil, Clove oil, Cinnamon oil, Aloe vera gel, Vanillin, Ag-ions, Natural Yellow 7 and Natural Red 25 dyes into the hydrophobic cavities of grafted β-CD moieties. Some of the grafted, post-loaded fabric samples were characterized by FTIR, SEM, and EDS analysis...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318991/in-vitro-investigation-of-the-pediculicidal-activities-of-the-volatile-oil-components-of-some-medical-plants-raised-in-turkey
#3
M Emin Limoncu, Cüneyt Balcıoğlu, Tuğba Oyur, Gizem Zeybek, Ulvi Zeybek
OBJECTIVE: The human head louse Pediculus capitis has recently acquired resistance to commercially available insecticides, which has expanded the search concerning the pediculicidal activities of some herbal products. The present study aimed to assess the in vitro pediculicidal activities of volatile oils extracted from 10 medical plants raised in Turkey: Rosa damascena (red provins rose), Pelargonium graveolens (geranium), Lavandula angustifolia (lavender), Salvia triloba (salvia), Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary; two different chemotypes), Citrus bergamia (citrus tree), Cymbopogon nardus (citronella), Citrus limonum (lemon), and Cymbopogon flexuosus (lemongrass)...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299520/the-efficacy-of-lavender-aromatherapy-in-reducing-preoperative-anxiety-in-ambulatory-surgery-patients-undergoing-procedures-in-general-otolaryngology
#4
Michael Wotman, Joshua Levinger, Lillian Leung, Aron Kallush, Elizabeth Mauer, Ashutosh Kacker
Background: Preoperative anxiety is a common problem in hospitals and other health care centers. This emotional state has been shown to negatively impact patient satisfaction and outcomes. Aromatherapy, the therapeutic use of essential oils extracted from aromatic plants, may offer a simple, low-risk and cost-effective method of managing preoperative anxiety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lavender aromatherapy in reducing preoperative anxiety in ambulatory surgery patients undergoing procedures in general otolaryngology...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280308/examining-two-prevailing-models-of-loss-of-control-eating-among-community-based-girls
#5
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Jason M Lavender, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp, Kate Keenan
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioral and interpersonal models of loss of control (LOC) eating have been underexplored in adolescents. METHODS: By using data from community-based adolescent girls assessed annually over 4 years, the cognitive-behavioral (n = 416) and interpersonal (n = 418) models were examined by using a regression-based bootstrapping approach. RESULTS: Body dissatisfaction at 14 years prospectively predicted LOC eating at 18 years, both directly (direct effect = -0...
December 27, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276222/lavender-essential-oil-and-its-main-constituents-inhibit-the-expression-of-tnf-%C3%AE-induced-cell-adhesion-molecules-in-endothelial-cells
#6
Michinori Aoe, Tomoe Ueno-Iio, Misako Shibakura, Ryoko Shinohata, Shinichi Usui, Yujiro Arao, Satoru Ikeda, Nobuaki Miyahara, Mitsune Tanimoto, Mikio Kataoka
Lavender essential oil (Lvn) has anti-inflammatory effects in an ovalbumin-sensitized murine model of asthma, and inhibits inflammatory cell infiltration into the lungs. The anti-inflammatory effects of Lvn on cell adhesion molecules are not clear. Here we evaluated the effects of Lvn and its main constituents, linalyl acetate (LA) and linalool (LO), on the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced cell adhesion molecules in murine brain endothelial bEnd.3 cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
December 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239483/the-effects-of-olfactory-stimulation-on-the-behavior-of-captive-ring-tailed-lemurs-lemur-catta
#7
Brittanny Baker, Sienna Taylor, V Tamara Montrose
Ring-tailed lemurs reside in many animal collections worldwide. Lemur welfare may be a cause of concern due to some captive individuals exhibiting stereotypic behavior. Despite these concerns, there has been little exploration of methods of environmental enrichment for ring-tailed lemurs. Olfactory stimulation can enhance captive animal welfare by encouraging species-typical behaviors, enhancing behavioral diversity, and decreasing stereotypic behaviors. We aimed to investigate the effects of olfactory stimulation via lavender, peppermint, coconut, and prey odor upon the behavior of eight captive ring-tailed lemurs...
December 14, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211734/seafarer-citizen-scientist-ocean-transparency-data-as-a-resource-for-phytoplankton-and-climate-research
#8
Secchi Disk Seafarers, Samantha Lavender, Gregory Beaugrand, Nicholas Outram, Nigel Barlow, David Crotty, Jake Evans, Richard Kirby
The oceans' phytoplankton that underpin the marine food chain appear to be changing in abundance due to global climate change. Here, we compare the first four years of data from a citizen science ocean transparency study, conducted by seafarers using home-made Secchi Disks and a free Smartphone application called Secchi, with contemporaneous satellite ocean colour measurements. Our results show seafarers collect useful Secchi Disk measurements of ocean transparency that could help future assessments of climate-induced changes in the phytoplankton when used to extend historical Secchi Disk data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210873/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-on-sleep-quality-of-elderly-people-residing-in-a-nursing-home
#9
Saide Faydalı, Funda Çetinkaya
BACKGROUND: Sleep is important for health and quality of life in the elderly, and sleep disturbances are reported to be associated with many of the adverse medical conditions. PURPOSE: This research was carried out to evaluate the effect of inhalation of lavender oil on sleep quality of nursing home residents. METHODS: A questionnaire was used to evaluate sociodemographic characteristics and sleeping properties of the 30 volunteers, enrolled...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208080/selective-determination-of-diazinon-and-chlorpyrifos-in-the-presence-of-their-degradation-products-application-to-environmental-samples
#10
Mamdouh R Rezk, Abd El-Aziz B Abd El-Aleem, Shaban M Khalile, Omneya K El-Naggar
An accurate, sensitive, and selective HPLC method was developed and validated for the determination of diazinon and chlorpyrifos. These pesticides were subjected to different stress conditions, such as acidic, alkaline, oxidative, thermal, and photolytic hydrolysis. The proposed method used a C18 Eclipse Plus column (100 × 4.6 mm, 3.5 µm) and a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile–water (70 + 30, v/v) in an isocratic separation mode. The flow rate was 1.5 mL/min, with UV detection at 247 and 230 nm for diazinon and chlorpyrifos, respectively...
December 5, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208047/non-conventional-dosing-of-oral-anticancer-agents-in-oncology-and-malignant-haematology-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Faouzi Djebbari, Nicola Stoner, Verna Lavender
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in cancer therapeutics have resulted in significantly improved overall survival and progression-free survival for patients. Targeted oral systemic anticancer therapies (SACT) offer a range of treatment approaches that differ from traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy: non-cytotoxic oral SACT target malignant disease continuously, have less broad and more favourable safety profiles, which can improve patients' quality of life (QoL). Toxicities associated with daily oral SACT administration can, however, result in non-adherence and a reduced QoL...
December 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207354/biomonitoring-chromium-iii-or-vi-soluble-pollution-by-moss-chlorophyll-fluorescence
#12
Yang-Er Chen, Hao-Tian Mao, Jie Ma, Nan Wu, Chao-Ming Zhang, Yan-Qiu Su, Zhong-Wei Zhang, Ming Yuan, Huai-Yu Zhang, Xian-Yin Zeng, Shu Yuan
We systematically compared the impacts of four Cr salts (chromic chloride, chromic nitrate, potassium chromate and potassium bichromate) on physiological parameters and chlorophyll fluorescence in indigenous moss Taxiphyllum taxirameum. Among the four Cr salts, K2Cr2O7 treatment resulted in the most significant decrease in photosynthetic efficiency and antioxidant enzymes, increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS), and obvious cell death. Different form the higher plants, although hexavalent Cr(VI) salt treatments resulted in higher accumulation levels of Cr and were more toxic than Cr(III) salts, Cr(III) also induced significant changes in moss physiological parameters and chlorophyll fluorescence...
December 1, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202255/patterns-of-organ-donation-in-children-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#13
Tarryn Corkery-Lavender, Johnny Millar, Elena Cavazzoni, Ben Gelbart
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric organ donation (OD) represents a small proportion of total OD in Australia and New Zealand. Our aim was to describe the patterns of paediatric OD, specifically, the demographic characteristics and donation outcomes over two time periods. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study using national OD and intensive care registry data from intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2015. Data were analysed between two time periods...
December 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199999/effect-of-inhalation-aromatherapy-on-procedural-pain-and-anxiety-after-needle-insertion-into-an-implantable-central-venous-port-catheter-a-quasi-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#14
Ezgi Mutluay Yayla, Leyla Ozdemir
BACKGROUND: Needle insertion into an implantable central venous port catheter may lead to procedural pain and anxiety in cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of inhalation aromatherapy on procedural pain and anxiety after needle insertion into an implantable central venous port catheter. METHODS: This study included 123 cancer patients who were scheduled to undergo chemotherapy. Patients were randomly assigned to either the lavender group (n = 41), the eucalyptus group (n = 41), or a control group (n = 41)...
December 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180117/the-foxo3-foxm1-axis-a-key-cancer-drug-target-and-a-modulator-of-cancer-drug-resistance
#15
REVIEW
Shang Yao, Lavender Yuen-Nam Fan, Eric Wing-Fai Lam
The FOXO3 and FOXM1 forkhead box transcription factors, functioning downstream of the essential PI3K-Akt, Ras-ERK and JNK/p38MAPK signalling cascades, are crucial for cell proliferation, differentiation, cell survival, senescence, DNA damage repair and cell cycle control. The development of resistance to both conventional and newly emerged molecularly targeted therapies is a major challenge confronting current cancer treatment in the clinic. Intriguingly, the mechanisms of resistance to 'classical' cytotoxic chemotherapeutics and to molecularly targeted therapies are invariably linked to deregulated signalling through the FOXO3 and FOXM1 transcription factors...
November 24, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171123/investigation-of-known-genetic-mutations-of-arabian-horses-in-egyptian-arabian-foals-with-juvenile-idiopathic-epilepsy
#16
M Aleman, C J Finno, K Weich, M C T Penedo
BACKGROUND: The carrier status of lavender foal syndrome (LFS), cerebellar abiotrophy (CA), severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), and occipitoatlantoaxial malformation (OAAM1) in foals with juvenile idiopathic epilepsy (JIE) is unknown. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To determine the carrier status of LFS, CA, SCID, and OAAM1 in foals with JIE. ANIMALS: Ten foals with JIE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archived DNA samples were tested for known genetic mutations causing LFS, CA, SCID, and OAAM1...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168886/phytochemical-profiling-of-anti-inflammatory-lavandula-extracts-via-rp-hplc-dad-qtof-ms-and-ms-ms-assessment-of-their-qualitative-and-quantitative-differences
#17
María Del Mar Contreras, Francesca Algieri, Alba Rodriguez-Nogales, Julio Gálvez, Antonio Segura-Carretero
As for other aromatic plants, there are many analytical methods for the determination of volatile compounds in lavender essential oils. Alternatively, in this study RP-HPLC-DAD-QTOF-MS was used for the profiling of the phytochemical constituents of hydromethanolic extracts of L. stoechas and L. dentata, which were obtained by pressurized liquid extraction. The spectrometric data revealed complex profiles constituted of a wide range of polar and semi-polar phytochemicals, mainly, phenolic compounds (68). Most phenolic compounds (55) have not been previously reported in Lavandula; such is the case of caffeic acid-based oligomers...
November 23, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155597/aggregation-and-rheological-behavior-of-the-lavender-oil-pluronic-p123-microemulsions-in-water-ethanol-mixed-solvents
#18
Oyais Ahmad Chat, Nighat Nazir, Parvaiz Ahmad Bhat, Puthusserickal Abdulrahiman Hassan, Vinod Kumar Aswal, Aijaz Ahmad Dar
The effect of lavender oil on aggregation characteristics of P123 in aqueous-ethanolic solutions is investigated systematically by DLS, SANS and Rheology. The solubilization capacity of the formulation increased by increasing P123 concentration. The study unveiled the importance of the short chain alcohol-ethanol, as solubilization enhancer. The apparent hydrodynamic radius (Rh) increased significantly with increase in lavender oil concentration up to maximum oil solubilization capacity of the copolymer at a particular ethanol concentration...
November 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155045/independent-and-interactive-associations-of-negative-affect-restraint-and-impulsivity-in-relation-to-binge-eating-among-women
#19
Tyler B Mason, Kathryn E Smith, Jason M Lavender, Robin J Lewis
There is growing recognition that impulsivity may serve as an underlying risk factor for binge eating. In addition, the association of impulsivity with binge eating may be moderated by other affective and cognitive risk factors. This study examined independent and interactive associations of negative affect, dietary restraint, and facets of impulsivity with binge eating. A diverse sample of 566 undergraduate women completed online questionnaires of study variables. Results revealed a three-way interaction of negative affect, dietary restraint, and attentional impulsivity in relation to binge eating...
November 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150713/efficacy-of-silexan-in-subthreshold-anxiety-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-trials
#20
Hans-Jürgen Möller, Hans-Peter Volz, Angelika Dienel, Sandra Schläfke, Siegfried Kasper
Subthreshold psychiatric disorders do not fully meet the diagnostic criteria of syndromal disorders but may be associated with comparable disability. To investigate the anxiolytic effect of Silexan, an active substance from lavender oil for oral administration, in patients with subthreshold anxiety, a meta-analysis that included all published trials with Silexan in this indication was performed. Three randomised, placebo-controlled trials in subthreshold anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, restlessness and agitation, mixed anxiety and depressive disorder) were included...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
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