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Anton de Groot, Erich Schmidt
Some aspects of peppermint oil, lavender oil, and lemongrass oil are discussed including their botanical origin, uses of the plants and the oils, chemical composition, contact allergy to and allergic contact dermatitis from these essential oils, and causative allergenic ingredients.
October 21, 2016: Dermatitis
Ján Krupčík, Roman Gorovenko, Ivan Špánik, Daniel W Armstrong, Pat Sandra
The enantiomeric composition of several chiral markers in lavender essential oil was studied by flow modulated comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography operated in the reverse flow mode and hyphenated to flame ionization and quadrupole mass spectrometric detection. Two capillary column series were used in this study, 2,3-di-O-ethyl-6-O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-β-cyclodextrin or 2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-β-cyclodextrin, as the chiral column in the first dimension and α polyethylene glycol column in the second dimension...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Bentian Zhang, Gao Cheng, Wenjin Ye, Xiaoying Zheng, Hengfa Liu, Ming Sun, Lin Yu, Yuying Zheng, Xiaoling Cheng
Hierarchically structured materials have special properties and possess potential in applications in the catalytic and electrochemical fields. Herein, two kinds of hierarchical core-shell nanostructures, lavender-like α-MnO2@α-MnO2 and balsam pear-like α-MnO2@γ-MnO2, were prepared by a facile room-temperature method using α-MnO2 nanowires as a backbone under acidic and alkaline conditions, respectively. When being used as a catalyst for dimethyl ether combustion, α-MnO2@γ-MnO2 exhibited a better performance than α-MnO2@α-MnO2 (T10 = 171 vs...
October 24, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Shoko Ono, Satoshi Abiko, Mototsugu Kato
Gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) is a high risk for intestinal type gastric cancer; however, there is a limitation for detection of GIM using white light imaging (WLI). Image-enhanced endoscopy (IEE) is more advantageous than WLI for optical diagnosis of GIM (1). Linked color imaging (LCI) (FUJIFILM Co., Tokyo, Japan) was newly developed for advanced IEE and enables visualization of red lesions that appear redder and whitish red lesions that appear whiter during routine endoscopy (2). GIM is observed as a lavender color that is distinguishable from the circumferential mucosa without GIM by using LCI (Figure 1)...
October 22, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Maral Marzban, Mohsen Bahrami, Mohammad Mahdi Parvizi, Mahdie Hajimonfarednejad
One of the best remaining manuscripts is the "Canon of Medicine" fathered by Avicenna in the Islamic Golden Age [ninth to twelfth century AD]. Considering Avicenna's role in the development of medical science in the Islamic Golden Age, we reviewed Avicenna's point of view on sexual headache based on his famous book "Canon of Medicine". This historical review discusses the clinical approaches applied to diagnose, classify, and treat sexual headache-specifically herbal therapy-from the viewpoint of Avicenna and Traditional Persian Medicine...
October 21, 2016: Neurological Sciences
Ferdaous Ghrab Ben Djemaa, Khaled Bellassoued, Sami Zouari, Abdelfatteh El Feki, Emna Ammar
Lavandula aspic L. is a strongly aromatic shrub plant of the Lamiaceae family and traditionally used in herbal medicine for the treatment of several skin disorders, including wounds, burns, and ulcers. The present study aimed to investigate the composition and in vitro antioxidant activity of lavender essential oil. In addition, it aimed to evaluate the excision wound healing activity and antioxidant property of a Lavandula aspic L. essential oil formulated in ointment using a rat model. The rats were divided into five groups of six animals each...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
T Lavender, S Wakasiaka, L McGowan, M Moraa, J Omari, W Khisa
AIM: this study aimed to gain understanding of the views of community members in relation to obstetric fistula. DESIGN AND METHOD: a qualitative, grounded theory approach was adopted. Data were collected using in-depth interviews with 45 community members. The constant comparison method enabled generation of codes and subsequent conceptualisations, from the data. SETTING: participants were from communities served by two hospitals in Kenya; Kisii and Kenyatta...
October 4, 2016: Midwifery
Katie A Loth, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Stephen A Wonderlich, Jason M Lavender, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Kathleen D Vohs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Olugbenga Awolaran, Susan A Brooks, Verna Lavender
Metastasis accounts for most of the deaths from breast cancer and the preference of invasive breast cancer metastasising to bone has been widely reported. However, the biological basis of breast cancer osteotropism is not fully understood. This paper provides, for the first time, an integrative, systematic review of evidence of molecular factors that have functional roles in the homing of metastatic breast cancer to the bone. Pubmed, Web of Science and EBSCOhost were searched using keywords and synonyms for molecular, metastasis, breast cancer and bone to identify articles published between January 2004 and August 2016...
October 14, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Antionette Lavender, Viani Ramirez-Irizarry, A Rana Bayakly, Carol Koplan, J Michael Bryan
INTRODUCTION: Workers in certain occupations may be at an increased risk of a violent-related death such as homicide or suicide. The purpose of this study is to describe rates of violent deaths among Georgia workers by occupation, including cases occurring at work and outside of the workplace, and identify leading circumstances surrounding suicides and homicides for the occupations most at risk. METHODS: Data from the 2006-2009 Georgia Violent Death Reporting System were used...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Peter W Fritsch, Victor B Amoroso
Diplycosia platyphylla P.W.Fritsch, a new species from Mindanao Island, Philippines, is described and illustrated. This species is most similar to the Bornean Diplycosia urceolata but differs by its green or slightly flushed pink petioles 4-7 mm long, wider leaf blades, acute calyx lobe apices, and lavender mature fruiting calyx. The new species is known only from a single collection made from Mount Apo in North Cotabato Province, southern Mindanao.
2016: PhytoKeys
E Jane Kelly, David J Wilson
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that has been associated with mastitis in dairy animals, including goats. Often, the environmental sources of the bacteria are water-related (such as hoses and muddy pastures). Mastitis attributable to P. aeruginosa was identified in 2 goats in a small herd. Efforts were made to identify environmental sources of the pathogen. Multiple samples from the goats' environment were cultured, including water from the trough, bedding, the hose used to wash udders, and the teat dip and teat dip containers...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Yang-Hsin Hsu, Takayoshi Tagami, Kana Matsunaga, Masayuki Okuyama, Takashi Suzuki, Naonobu Noda, Masahiko Suzuki, Hanako Shimura
Because structural modifications of flavonoids are closely related to their properties such as stability, solubility, flavor and coloration, characterizing the enzymes that catalyze the modification reactions can be useful for engineering agriculturally beneficial traits of flavonoids. In this work, we examined the enzymes involved in the modification pathway of highly glycosylated and acylated anthocyanins that accumulate in Lobelia erinus. Cultivar Aqua Blue (AB) of L. erinus is blue-flowered and accumulates delphinidin 3-O-p-coumaroylrutinoside-5-O-malonylglucoside-3'5'-O-dihydroxycinnamoylglucoside (lobelinins) in its petals...
October 3, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
B R Leaker, V A Malkov, R Mogg, M K Ruddy, G C Nicholson, A J Tan, C Tribouley, G Chen, I De Lepeleire, N A Calder, H Chung, P Lavender, L N Carayannopoulos, T T Hansel
Non-invasive mucosal sampling (nasosorption and nasal curettage) was used following nasal allergen challenge with grass pollen in subjects with allergic rhinitis, in order to define the molecular basis of the late allergic reaction (LAR). It was found that the nasal LAR to grass pollen involves parallel changes in pathways of type 2 inflammation (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13), inflammasome-related (IL-1β), and complement and circadian-associated genes. A grass pollen nasal spray was given to subjects with hay fever followed by serial sampling, in which cytokines and chemokines were measured in absorbed nasal mucosal lining fluid, and global gene expression (transcriptomics) assessed in nasal mucosal curettage samples...
September 28, 2016: Mucosal Immunology
L Ohnikian, V Dalcero, J Rutledge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
R M D Smyth, W Taylor, A E Heazell, C Furber, M Whitworth, T Lavender
BACKGROUND: Worldwide maternal perception of fetal movements has been used for many years to evaluate fetal wellbeing. It is intuitively regarded as an expression of fetal well-being as pregnancies in which women consistently report regular fetal movements have very low morbidity and mortality. Conversely, maternal perception of reduced fetal movements is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. We sought to gain insight into pregnant women's and clinicians views and experiences of reduced movements...
September 26, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Tyler B Mason, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, Timothy J Strauman, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Daniel Le Grange, Marjorie H Klein, Tracey L Smith, Carol B Peterson
This study examined self-discrepancy, a construct of theoretical relevance to eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, across different types of EDs. Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 112), bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 72), and binge eating disorder (BED; n = 199) completed semi-structured interviews assessing specific types of self-discrepancies. Results revealed that actual:ideal (A:I) discrepancy was positively associated with AN, actual:ought (A:O) discrepancy was positively associated with BN and BED, and self-discrepancies did not differentiate BN from BED...
September 27, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Angela Smith Lillehei, Linda Halcón, Cynthia R Gross, Kay Savik, Reilly Reis
CONTEXT: Sleep issues are prevalent and affect health and well-being. The aspects of well-being that are impacted by sleep interventions have not been well studied. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of lavender and sleep hygiene (LSH) compared to sleep hygiene (SH) alone on well-being as measured by the Self-assessment of Change questionnaire (SAC) at post-intervention and two-week follow-up, and secondarily to compare the SAC sleep item to results from standardized sleep surveys...
August 18, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Steven A Lavender, Shasank Nagavarapu, W Gary Allread
Many retail distribution centers (DCs) manually load and unload boxes into or out of trailers and shipping containers. This study investigated whether an articulating belt conveyor with a height adjustable platform, positioned at the end of an extendable conveyor, significantly reduces shoulder and back muscle loading and the spine kinematics associated with these tasks. Electromyographic and kinematic data were collected from eight volunteer employees as trailers at a shoe DC were unloaded and from nine volunteer employees as trailers at an apparel DC were loaded...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Kara Lavender Law
Plastics contamination in the marine environment was first reported nearly 50 years ago, less than two decades after the rise of commercial plastics production, when less than 50 million metric tons were produced per year. In 2014, global plastics production surpassed 300 million metric tons per year. Plastic debris has been detected worldwide in all major marine habitats, in sizes from microns to meters. In response, concerns about risks to marine wildlife upon exposure to the varied forms of plastic debris have increased, stimulating new research into the extent and consequences of plastics contamination in the marine environment...
September 7, 2016: Annual Review of Marine Science
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