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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893231/trajectories-of-higher-and-lower-order-dimensions-of-negative-and-positive-affect-relative-to-restrictive-eating-in-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Ann F Haynos, Kelly C Berg, Li Cao, Ross D Crosby, Jason M Lavender, Linsey M Utzinger, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow
Despite robust support for the role of affect in the maintenance of binge eating and purging, the relationship between affect and restrictive eating remains poorly understood. To investigate the relationship between restrictive eating and affect, ecological momentary assessment data from 118 women with anorexia nervosa (AN) were used to examine trajectories of higher-order dimensions of negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA), as well as lower-order dimensions of NA (Fear, Guilt) and PA (Joviality, Self-Assurance) relative to restrictive eating...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891157/the-in-vitro-antimicrobial-effects-of-lavandula-angustifolia-essential-oil-in-combination-with-conventional-antimicrobial-agents
#2
Stephanie de Rapper, Alvaro Viljoen, Sandy van Vuuren
The paper focuses on the in vitro antimicrobial activity of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (lavender) essential oil in combination with four commercial antimicrobial agents. Stock solutions of chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, nystatin, and fusidic acid were tested in combination with L. angustifolia essential oil. The antimicrobial activities of the combinations were investigated against the Gram-positive bacterial strain Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538) and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27858) and Candida albicans (ATCC 10231) was selected to represent the yeasts...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884875/identification-and-determination-of-phenolics-in-lamiaceae-species-by-uplc-dad-esi-ms-ms
#3
Saliha Esin Çelik, Ayşe Nur Tufan, Burcu Bekdeşer, Mustafa Özyürek, Kubilay Güçlü, Reşat Apak
This study reports the phenolic profile screening of aromatic Lamiaceae species such as marjoram (Origanum majorana L.), lavender (Lavandula officinalis) and pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.) using a novel and validated ultra performance liquid chromatography method coupled with DAD diode array detector and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) in negative mode of electrospray ionization. Identification and quantification of phenolics in these plant extracts has been realized within 12 min. This method showed good precision (percentage relative standard deviation; RSD% 0...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877148/changes-in-mood-states-are-induced-by-smelling-familiar-and-exotic-fragrances
#4
Orly Sarid, Michele Zaccai
Familiar fragrances usually induce positive mood states and elicit favorable evaluation. Relaxation is also widely thought to improve mood state. Yet experimental evidence on the effect of two different stimuli, fragrance smelling and breathing relaxation, on mood state, and fragrance evaluation is lacking. This study aimed to test (1) the effect of two familiar fragrances, lavender and myrtle, and two exotic fragrances, bergamot and ravensara, on perceived mood states before and after relaxation, (2) the effect of relaxation on perceived mood states for each fragrance, and (3) the effect of relaxation on fragrance evaluation as defined by adjectives...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876970/larvicidal-activity-of-camphor-and-lavender-oils-against-sheep-blowfly-luciliasericata-diptera-calliphoridae
#5
Hatem A Shalaby, Rabab M El Khateeb, Amira H El Namaky, Heba M Ashry, Omnia M Kandil, Sanaa K A Abou El Dobal
In this study, the essential oils of camphor and lavender were tested in vitro against the third instar larvae of Lucilia sericata for the first time, following dipping toxicity technique. The toxicity results revealed that L. sericata larvae were susceptible to the applied essential oils. Lavender oil was more effective than camphor in killing of L. sericata larvae. With 32 % concentration, the mortality percentages of larvae were 100 and 93.3 %, respectively. Light and scanning electron microscopic examinations were done to determine the cuticular changes of L...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876081/in-vitro-activity-of-ten-essential-oils-against-sarcoptes-scabiei
#6
Fang Fang, Kerdalidec Candy, Elise Melloul, Charlotte Bernigaud, Ling Chai, Céline Darmon, Rémy Durand, Françoise Botterel, Olivier Chosidow, Arezki Izri, Weiyi Huang, Jacques Guillot
BACKGROUND: The development of alternative approaches in ectoparasite management is currently required. Essential oils have been demonstrated to exhibit fumigant and topical toxicity to a number of arthropods. The aim of the present study was to assess the potential efficacy of ten essential oils against Sarcoptes scabiei. METHODS: The major chemical components of the oils were identified by GC-MS analysis. Contact and fumigation bioassays were performed on Sarcoptes mites collected from experimentally infected pigs...
November 22, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863615/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-with-lavender-essence-on-severity-of-labor-pain-and-duration-of-labor-in-primiparous-women
#7
Mansoreh Yazdkhasti, Arezoo Pirak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Lavender essence inhalation on severity of labor pain and duration of labor. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This single-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted on 120 pregnant women in two groups. The experimental group received 2 drops of Lavender essence inhaled at three stages (4-5, 6-7, 8-9 cm cervical dilation) and severity of the labor pain and duration of labor was measured before and after intervention...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863613/effect-of-aromatherapy-massage-with-lavender-essential-oil-on-pain-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Ahmad Nasiri, Mohammad Azim Mahmodi, Zohre Nobakht
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common chronic joint disease that involves middle aged and elderly people. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage with lavender essential oil on pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. METHODS: In this single-blinded, randomized clinical trial, 90 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee who referred to the outpatient rheumatology clinics affiliated with Birjand University of Medical Sciences were selected through convenience sampling method...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861196/lavender-oil-preparation-silexan-for-treating-anxiety-an-updated-meta-analysis
#9
Marcelo B Generoso, Amanda Soares, Ivan T Taiar, Quirino Cordeiro, Pedro Shiozawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850794/1157-nurses-perception-of-resident-and-advanced-practice-provider-critical-care-teams
#10
James Lunn, Peter Sandor, Zachary Lavender, Cathy Roy, Prashant Grover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845440/odour-induced-analgesia-mediated-by-hypothalamic-orexin-neurons-in-mice
#11
Shogo Tashiro, Ran Yamaguchi, Sodemi Ishikawa, Takeshi Sakurai, Katsuko Kajiya, Yuichi Kanmura, Tomoyuki Kuwaki, Hideki Kashiwadani
Various folk remedies employ certain odorous compounds with analgesic effects. In fact, linalool, a monoterpene alcohol found in lavender extracts, has been found to attenuate pain responses via subcutaneous, intraperitoneal, intrathecal, and oral administration. However, the analgesic effects of odorous compounds mediated by olfaction have not been thoroughly examined. We performed behavioural pain tests under odourant vapour exposure in mice. Among six odourant molecules examined, linalool significantly increased the pain threshold and attenuated pain behaviours...
November 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829428/aromatherapy-for-the-treatment-of-ponv-in-children-a-pilot-rct
#12
Mathew B Kiberd, Suzanne K Clarke, Jill Chorney, Brandon d'Eon, Stuart Wright
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the most common postoperative complications of general anesthesia in pediatrics. Aromatherapy has been shown to be effective in treating PONV in adults. Given the encouraging results of the adult studies, we planned to determine feasibility of doing a large-scale study in the pediatric population. METHODS: Our group conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial examining the effect of aromatherapy on post-operative nausea and vomiting in patients 4-16 undergoing ambulatory surgery at a single center...
November 9, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819371/designing-isometrical-gel-precursors-to-identify-the-gelation-pathway-for-nickel-selective-metallohydrogels
#13
Xiaojuan Wang, Ting He, Lan Yang, Huiqiong Wu, Jiafu Yin, Rujuan Shen, Juan Xiang, Yi Zhang, Chuanwan Wei
Two novel multi-responsive metallohydrogels, namely, 2-PF-Ni and 3-PF-Ni, were successfully constructed from phenylalanine derivatives. The 2-PF gelator shows specific responses to Ni(2+); particularly, 2-PF-Ni is lavender colored, which has been rarely reported among hydrogels triggered by Ni(2+). 3-PF-Ni is light green and exhibits perfect thixotropy. This paper provides insights into the gelation mechanisms of these two metallogels.
November 7, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775966/essential-oils-part-v-peppermint-oil-lavender-oil-and-lemongrass-oil
#14
Anton de Groot, Erich Schmidt
Some aspects of peppermint oil, lavender oil, and lemongrass oil are discussed including their botanical origin, uses of the plants and the oils, chemical composition, contact allergy to and allergic contact dermatitis from these essential oils, and causative allergenic ingredients.
October 21, 2016: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774742/enantioselective-comprehensive-two-dimensional-gas-chromatography-of-lavender-essential-oil
#15
Ján Krupčík, Roman Gorovenko, Ivan Špánik, Daniel W Armstrong, Pat Sandra
The enantiomeric composition of several chiral markers in lavender essential oil was studied by flow modulated comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography operated in the reverse flow mode and hyphenated to flame ionization and quadrupole mass spectrometric detection. Two capillary column series were used in this study, 2,3-di-O-ethyl-6-O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-β-cyclodextrin or 2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-β-cyclodextrin, as the chiral column in the first dimension and α polyethylene glycol column in the second dimension...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774540/rational-design-of-mno2-mno2-hierarchical-nanomaterials-and-their-catalytic-activities
#16
Bentian Zhang, Gao Cheng, Wenjin Ye, Xiaoying Zheng, Hengfa Liu, Ming Sun, Lin Yu, Yuying Zheng, Xiaoling Cheng
Hierarchically structured materials have special properties and possess potential in applications in the catalytic and electrochemical fields. Herein, two kinds of hierarchical core-shell nanostructures, lavender-like α-MnO2@α-MnO2 and balsam pear-like α-MnO2@γ-MnO2, were prepared by a facile room-temperature method using α-MnO2 nanowires as a backbone under acidic and alkaline conditions, respectively. When being used as a catalyst for dimethyl ether combustion, α-MnO2@γ-MnO2 exhibited a better performance than α-MnO2@α-MnO2 (T10 = 171 vs...
October 24, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770584/linked-color-imaging-enhances-gastric-cancer-in-gastric-intestinal-metaplasia
#17
LETTER
Shoko Ono, Satoshi Abiko, Mototsugu Kato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770272/sexual-headache-from-view-point-of-avicenna-and-traditional-persian-medicine
#18
Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Maral Marzban, Mohsen Bahrami, Mohammad Mahdi Parvizi, Mahdie Hajimonfarednejad
One of the best remaining manuscripts is the "Canon of Medicine" fathered by Avicenna in the Islamic Golden Age [ninth to twelfth century AD]. Considering Avicenna's role in the development of medical science in the Islamic Golden Age, we reviewed Avicenna's point of view on sexual headache based on his famous book "Canon of Medicine". This historical review discusses the clinical approaches applied to diagnose, classify, and treat sexual headache-specifically herbal therapy-from the viewpoint of Avicenna and Traditional Persian Medicine...
October 21, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769632/antioxidant-and-wound-healing-activity-of-lavandula-aspic-l-ointment
#19
Ferdaous Ghrab Ben Djemaa, Khaled Bellassoued, Sami Zouari, Abdelfatteh El Feki, Emna Ammar
Lavandula aspic L. is a strongly aromatic shrub plant of the Lamiaceae family and traditionally used in herbal medicine for the treatment of several skin disorders, including wounds, burns, and ulcers. The present study aimed to investigate the composition and in vitro antioxidant activity of lavender essential oil. In addition, it aimed to evaluate the excision wound healing activity and antioxidant property of a Lavandula aspic L. essential oil formulated in ointment using a rat model. The rats were divided into five groups of six animals each...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769010/secrecy-inhibits-support-a-grounded-theory-of-community-perspectives-of-women-suffering-from-obstetric-fistula-in-kenya
#20
T Lavender, S Wakasiaka, L McGowan, M Moraa, J Omari, W Khisa
AIM: this study aimed to gain understanding of the views of community members in relation to obstetric fistula. DESIGN AND METHOD: a qualitative, grounded theory approach was adopted. Data were collected using in-depth interviews with 45 community members. The constant comparison method enabled generation of codes and subsequent conceptualisations, from the data. SETTING: participants were from communities served by two hospitals in Kenya; Kisii and Kenyatta...
October 4, 2016: Midwifery
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