Read by QxMD icon Read


Fatemeh Effati-Daryani, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Reza Bekhradi, Somayeh Zarei
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance and fatigue are frequent complaints during pregnancy and postpartum. We assessed the effectiveness of Lavender cream and footbath on sleep quality and fatigue in pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: In this trial, 141 women with sleep disturbance at 25-28 weeks gestation were recruited from public health centers in Tabriz, Iran, from May 2013 until January 2014 and randomized into one of three groups receiving: Lavender and footbath, Lavender alone, or placebo cream...
May 22, 2018: Women & Health
Roya Nikjou, Rafat Kazemzadeh, Firoozeh Asadzadeh, Razzag Fathi, Farideh Mostafazadeh
OBJECTIVES: The menopause is a natural biological process that is happened by a permanent regal stop due to the loss of performance. The aim of this research is to evaluate the effect of lavender aromatherapy on the menopause symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: This double-blind cross over clinical trial carried out on 100 menopause women (between 45 and 155 years old) referring to health centers in Ardabil in 2013-14. The samples blocked randomly, placed in two experimental (Lavender) and control (diluted milk) groups...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Talat Khadivzadeh, Mona Najaf Najafi, Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Morvarid Irani, Fatemeh Rajab Dizavandi, Khatereh Shariati
Objectives: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis is the exploration of the potential evidence of the effectiveness of aromatherapy products on the sexual function of menopausal women. Methods: From inception to December 2017, the search process was performed using the MEDLINE and Scopus databases and the Cochrane Library regarding the trials on the effectiveness of herbal-medicine aromatherapy on the sexual function of menopausal women. Results: Three of the trials comprise suitable data for inclusion in the meta-analysis...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
Radin Zaid Radin Umar, Carolyn M Sommerich, Steve A Lavender, Elizabeth Sanders, Kevin D Evans
Sound workplace ergonomics and safety-related interventions may be resisted by employees, and this may be detrimental to multiple stakeholders. Understanding fundamental aspects of decision making, behavioral change, and learning cycles may provide insights into pathways influencing employees' acceptance of interventions. This manuscript reviews published literature on thinking processes and other topics relevant to decision making and incorporates the findings into two new conceptual frameworks of the workplace change adoption process...
May 14, 2018: Ergonomics
Nadia Massa, Simone Cantamessa, Giorgia Novello, Elia Ranzato, Simona Martinotti, Matteo Pavan, Andrea Rocchetti, Graziella Berta, Elisa Gamalero, Elisa Bona
<i></i>Candida glabrata<i></i> is an opportunistic pathogen, associated with endocarditis, meningitis and disseminated disease and also with complicated vaginitis. Essential oils derived from aromatic plants are known in traditional medicine as antimicrobial agents and have antifungal properties. The aim of this work was to evaluate whether the twelve tested essential oils (tea tree, laurel, anise, basil, bergamot, lavender, mint, oregano, grapefruit, rosemary, winter savory and ginger) could have a transverse effect on <i></i>C...
May 10, 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Anna Oldershaw, Tony Lavender, Ulrike Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Emotional, social, and neurocognitive factors are theorised to maintain anorexia nervosa (AN). Yet whether they predict outcomes or relate to clinical change remains unclear. METHODS: Seventy-one consecutive adult outpatient eating disorder service referrals presenting with AN, who participated in a randomised controlled trial comparing 2 psychotherapies, were assessed for emotional processing, social cognition, and neurocognition pretherapy and posttherapy...
May 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Gabriel Fernando Esteves Cardia, Saulo Euclides Silva-Filho, Expedito Leite Silva, Nancy Sayuri Uchida, Heitor Augusto Otaviano Cavalcante, Larissa Laila Cassarotti, Valter Eduardo Cocco Salvadego, Ricardo Alexandre Spironello, Ciomar Aparecida Bersani-Amado, Roberto Kenji Nakamura Cuman
Lavandula angustifolia is a plant of Lamiaceae family, with many therapeutic properties and biological activities, such as anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. essential oil (LEO) on acute inflammatory response. LEO was analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) methods and showed predominance of 1,8-cineole (39...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Adam B Burkholder, Scott A Lujan, Christopher A Lavender, Sara A Grimm, Thomas A Kunkel, David C Fargo
BACKGROUND: Identification of mutations from next-generation sequencing data typically requires a balance between sensitivity and accuracy. This is particularly true of DNA insertions and deletions (indels), that can impart significant phenotypic consequences on cells but are harder to call than substitution mutations from whole genome mutation accumulation experiments. To overcome these difficulties, we present muver, a computational framework that integrates established bioinformatics tools with novel analytical methods to generate mutation calls with the extremely low false positive rates and high sensitivity required for accurate mutation rate determination and comparison...
May 9, 2018: BMC Genomics
Antonios Chrysargyris, Evgenia Michailidi, Nikos Tzortzakis
Saline water has been proposed as a solution to partially cover plant water demands due to scarcity of irrigation water in hot arid areas. Lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) plants were grown hydroponically under salinity (0-25-50-100 mM NaCl). The overcome of salinity stress was examined by K, Zn, and Si foliar application for the plant physiological and biochemical characteristics. The present study indicated that high (100 mM NaCl) salinity decreased plant growth, content of phenolics and antioxidant status and essential oil (EO) yield, while low-moderate salinity levels maintained the volatile oil profile in lavender...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Daniela Predoi, Simona Liliana Iconaru, Nicolas Buton, Monica Luminita Badea, Luminita Marutescu
This study presents, for the first-time, the results of a study on the hydrodynamic diameter of essential oils (EOs) of basil and lavender in water, and solutions of EOs of basil (B) and lavender (L) and hydroxyapatite (HAp). The possible influence of basil and lavender EOs on the size of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles was analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). We also investigated the in vitro antimicrobial activity of plant EOs and plant EOs hydroxyapatite respectively, against Gram-positive bacteria (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus 1144 (MRSA 1144) and S...
April 30, 2018: Nanomaterials
Farzaneh Naghdi, Zahra Gholamnezhad, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady, Morteza Bakhshesh
BACKGROUND: Lavandula angustifolia (L. angustifolia) Mill. (Common name Lavender) is used in traditional and folk medicines for the treatment of various diseases including respiratory disorders worldwide. The relaxant effect of the plant on the smooth muscle of some tissues was shown previously. The present study has investigated the role of different receptors and pathways in the relaxant effect of L. angustifolia on tracheal smooth muscle. METHODS: Cumulative concentrations of the hydro-ethanolic extract of L...
April 7, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Paweł Kwiatkowski, Agata Pruss, Bartłomiej Grygorcewicz, Bartosz Wojciuk, Barbara Dołęgowska, Stefania Giedrys-Kalemba, Ewa Kochan, Monika Sienkiewicz
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate possible synergistic effects between several selected, commercially available essential oils and gentamicin against extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing and New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ESBLs production was confirmed by double-disk synergy test. Isolates positive for blaNDM-1 gene were found among the tested strains. K. pneumoniae ATCC® BAA-1705™ strain was used as a control...
April 30, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Jeffery J Kuhn, Violette H Lavender, Lisa L Hunter, Stephanie E McGuire, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Robert W Keith, John H Greinwald
BACKGROUND: To add to the limited body of literature on ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP) responses in children and to assess a different montage for oVEMP recording. PURPOSE: To evaluate the characteristics of the oVEMP response in children and compare the results with that of a group of healthy adults. RESEARCH DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study from a tertiary referral center. STUDY SAMPLE: Twenty-two children (mean age = 6...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Katheryn Bachmann, Kaitlin Sipos, Violette Lavender, Lisa L Hunter
BACKGROUND: The video head impulse test (vHIT) is a new tool being used in vestibular clinics to assess the function of all six semicircular canals (SCCs) by measuring the gain of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in response to rapid head turns. Whereas vHIT has been validated in adults for all SCCs, there are few studies describing the normal response in children, particularly for stimulation of the vertical canals. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the normal vHIT response for all six SCCs in children aged 4-12 years...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Mohammadali Hassanzadeh, Fatemeh Kiani, Salehoddin Bouya, Mohammad Zarei
This study aimed to compare the effects of relaxation techniques on fatigue in hemodialysis patients. This clinical trial study was conducted on 105 hemodialysis patients. The subjects were categorized into three groups as: relaxation, aromatherapy and control. In the relaxation group, Benson muscle relaxation techniques were employed; in the aromatherapy group, the inhalation of two drops of 5% lavender essential oil used and the control group only received regular healthcare actions. Data collected by using brief fatigue inventory, before and after the intervention...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili, Mahin Kamalifard, Mahsa Namadian
INTRODUCTION: This trial compared the effects of lavender and bitter orange on anxiety in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This trial was conducted in 2015. Eligible postmenopausal women were allocated into one of two intervention groups or a control group (n = 52 per group) in a 1:1:1 ratio using a randomized block design. Intervention groups received 500 mg capsules containing only bitter orange or lavender flower powder, and the control group received 500 mg capsules containing starch...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Jason M Lavender
Rumination is a cognitive process involving repetitive thoughts about negative experiences and emotions and is associated with psychopathology. Rumination has been implicated in mood and anxiety disorders, and there is a growing body of research on rumination in relation to eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. The current meta-analytic review focused on the literature addressing rumination and ED psychopathology. A comprehensive search process identified 38 studies, which primarily used cross-sectional designs with non-clinical samples...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Daniela Predoi, Andreea Groza, Simona Liliana Iconaru, Gabriel Predoi, Florica Barbuceanu, Regis Guegan, Mikael Stefan Motelica-Heino, Carmen Cimpeanu
The research conducted in this study presented for the first time results of physico-chemical properties and in vitro antimicrobial activity of hydroxyapatite plant essential oil against Gram-positive bacteria (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and S. aureus 0364) and Gram-negative bacteria ( Escherichia coli ATCC 25922). The samples were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to determine the morphology and structure of the nanocomposites of hydroxyapatite coated with basil (HAp-B) and lavender (HAp-L) essential oils (EOs)...
April 24, 2018: Materials
Cynthia J Henley-Smith, Francien S Botha, Ahmed A Hussein, Mpumelelo Nkomo, Debra Meyer, Namrita Lall
The use of complementary and alternative medicine from plants in South Africa, as in the rest of the world, continues to increase. Heteropyxis natalensis , known as the Lavender tree, is indigenous to South Africa and is traditionally used for oral care. The ethanolic extract, of the leaves and twigs, of H. natalensis was investigated for antimicrobial activity against selected oral microorganisms. Actinomyces israelii was found to be the most sensitive oral microorganism to the extract, with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Christopher A Varnon, Christopher W Dinges, Tim E Black, Harrington Wells, Charles I Abramson
BACKGROUND: Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) learning is a highly specialized form of conditioning found across taxa that leads to avoidance of an initially neutral stimulus, such as taste or odor, that is associated with, but is not the cause of, a detrimental health condition. The present study examines if honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) develop ethanol-induced CTA. METHODS: Restrained bees were first administered a sucrose solution that was cinnamon scented, lavender scented, or unscented, and contained either 0%, 2...
April 24, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"