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Aphthous ulcer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329497/unique-clinical-presentations-of-pityriasis-rosea-aphthous-ulcers-vesicles-and-inverse-distribution-of-lesions
#1
Naeha Gupta, Jacob O Levitt
Pityriasis Rosea (PR) is a common skin disorderencountered in daily practice. Although its etiologyhas not been established, there has been widespreadresearch into possibilities. The lack of its characteristicmanifestations, specifically the herald patch andtruncal involvement, can lead to pitfalls in diagnosis.Whereas other conditions in the differential diagnosisshould be considered, PR can at times also manifest inan atypical manner. We wish to illustrate three casesof PR including those that presented with aphthousulcers, vesicles, and an inverse pattern...
February 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291073/contact-allergy-to-ingredients-of-toothpastes
#2
Anton de Groot
The literature on contact allergy to (ingredients of) toothpastes is critically reviewed. We have found 47 case reports, small case series (n = 2-5) and citations published between 1900 and 2016 describing more than 60 patients allergic to toothpastes, and in addition 3 larger case series and many descriptions of toothpaste allergy among selected groups of patients. Allergic reactions usually manifest as cheilitis with or without dermatitis around the mouth, less frequently by oral symptoms. Formerly, many reactions were caused by cinnamon derivatives; more recently, reported allergens are diverse...
March 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280755/clinical-evaluation-of-high-and-low-level-laser-treatment-co2vsingaalp-diode-laser-for-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis
#3
Nasim Zeini Jahromi, Janan Ghapanchi, Sara Pourshahidi, Maryam Zahed, Hooman Ebrahimi
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is one of the most common lesions in the oral cavity. Due to its multifactorial nature, there is no definitive treatment for RAS. Laser therapy is one of the suggested treatments to reduce patient's discomfort. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present clinical trial is to assess the effect of low and high level laser therapy on pain control and wound healing of RAS. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Thirty six patients with minor RAS were divided into three groups...
March 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210449/oral-mucosal-lesions-in-a-chilean-elderly-population-a-retrospective-study-with-a-systematic-review-from-thirteen-countries
#4
César Rivera, Daniel Droguett, María-Jesús Arenas-Márquez
BACKGROUND: The oral examination is an essential part of the multidisciplinary medical care in elderly people. Oral mucosal lesions and normal variations of oral anatomy (OMLs) are very common in this people, but few studies have examined the frequency and prevalence of these conditions worldwide and less in Chile. The aim of this research was to evaluate the frequency of OMLs in a Chilean elderly population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was conducted a retrospective study (Talca, Chile)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198671/transcriptome-analysis-reveals-dynamic-changes-in-coxsackievirus-a16-infected-hek-293t-cells
#5
Jun Jin, Rujiao Li, Chunlai Jiang, Ruosi Zhang, Xiaomeng Ge, Fang Liang, Xin Sheng, Wenwen Dai, Meili Chen, Jiayan Wu, Jingfa Xiao, Weiheng Su
BACKGROUND: Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) and enterovirus 71 (EV71) are two of the major causes of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) world-wide. Although many studies have focused on infection and pathogenic mechanisms, the transcriptome profile of the host cell upon CVA16 infection is still largely unknown. RESULTS: In this study, we compared the mRNA and miRNA expression profiles of human embryonic kidney 293T cells infected and non-infected with CVA16. We highlighted that the transcription of SCARB2, a cellular receptor for both CVA16 and EV71, was up-regulated by nearly 10-fold in infected cells compared to non-infected cells...
January 25, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182354/exploring-the-molecular-mechanism-and-biomarker-of-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-based-on-gene-expression-microarray
#6
Shang Dan, Zhang Jinwei, Zhang Qiang, Shang Jianwei, Zhang Weijun
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is one of the most common chronic oral diseases with morbidity ranging from 5% to 20%. The pathogenesis is still not fully understood though immune dysregulation and local trauma have been implicated and the curative effect that can be achieved through current therapy is mainly to alleviate the pain. So, the understanding of its molecular mechanisms can allow the prevention and treatment of RAS at the molecular level. METHODS: 14 normal tissues and 14 ulcerated tissues were subjected to Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172599/p761-gene-expression-differences-between-crohn-s-disease-aphthous-ulcers-and-healthy-peyer-s-patches-highlights-potential-treatment-strategies
#7
C O'Brien, H Patel, T Freeman, K Zhang, K Peng, P Pavli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160585/an-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-topical-gel-with-triester-glycerol-oxide-tgo-in-the-treatment-of-minor-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-in-a-turkish-cohort-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
D Ofluoglu, S Ergun, S Warnakulasuriya, F Namdar-Pekiner, H Tanyeri
BACKGROUND: Triester glycerol oxide gel (Protefix® Queisser Pharma, Germany) is a new topical agent that has the property of adherence to the oral mucosa by forming a lipid film which protects against mechanical trauma and may help to reduce oral tissue moisture loss and inflammation. The aim of this clinical trial was to determine the efficacy of a topical TGO gel and to also compare it with triamcinolone acetonide pomade in the treatment of minor recurrent aphthous stomatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial and 180 patients with the complaint of minor aphthous ulcers were enrolled in this study...
March 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156498/prevention-of-everolimus-exemestane-eve-exe-stomatitis-in-postmenopausal-pm-women-with-hormone-receptor-positive-hr-metastatic-breast-cancer-mbc-using-a-dexamethasone-based-mouthwash-mw-results-of-the-swish-trial
#9
J Thaddeus Beck, John A Glaspy, Julio Antonio Peguero, Timothy J Pluard, Navneet Dhillon, Leon C Hwang, Chaitali Singh Nangia, Ingrid A Mayer, Timothy F Meiller, Mark Steven Chambers, Ghulam Warsi, Robert William Sweetman, J Randy Sabo, Lasikas Seneviratne
189 Background: Stomatitis is a frequent adverse event (AE) associated with mTOR inhibition. In BOLERO-2 patients (pts) receiving EVE/EXE, all grade (Gr) stomatitis was 67%; 33% had Gr ≥ 2 and 8% Gr 3. Median time to ≥ Gr 2 onset was 15.5 days; incidence of new stomatitis (Gr ≥ 2) plateaued at 6 wks. In a meta-analysis, 89% of first stomatitis events occurred within 8 wks. Topical steroids are used to treat aphthous ulcers; anecdotal use as prophylaxis has been reported. METHODS: Eligibility included PM women with HR+ MBC prescribed EVE/EXE...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149658/do-clinical-findings-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-vary-by-gender-a-single-center-experience-from-329-patients
#10
Döndü Üsküdar Cansu, Timuçin Kaşifoğlu, Cengiz Korkmaz
OBJECTIVE: Behçet's disease (BD) is a systemic vasculitis with a significantly varying clinical course following relapses and remissions, which may involve a number of organs such as the skin, joints, lungs, and blood vessels as well as systems such as the central nervous system and gastrointestinal system. Its prognosis is known to be worse in males. There are several studies in the literature on the clinical features and gender distribution of BD. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical characteristics of BD and the presence of a relation with gender and to investigate the correlation of our results with the current literature...
December 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116431/-preparation-and-clinical-observation-of-koukuining-granules-in-50-patients-with-recurrent-aphthous-ulcer
#11
Meng-Shan Gao, Shuai Liu, Ai-Wu Wang
PURPOSE: To prepare Koukuining granules and observe its efficiency in the treatment of recurrent aphthas ulce (RAU). METHODS: In accordance with the theories of traditional Chinese medicine, the prescriptions of Koukuining granules were composed of rhizoma coptidis, radix scutellariae and other Chinese herbs, and the preparation procedure was conducted by means of wet granulation technology. One hundred patients with RAU were randomly divided into experimental group and control group equally...
October 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062049/efficacy-and-safety-of-chinese-patent-medicines-in-the-treatment-of%C3%A2-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Peiru Zhou, Qinghua Mao, Hong Hua, Xiaosong Liu, Zhimin Yan
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common chronic oral mucosal condition of the oral cavity. Investigators in clinical trials have evaluated the effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of RAS. However, the results are conflicting rather than conclusive. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of RAS, the authors conducted a systematic review. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors searched 9 electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or potential clinical controlled trials (CCTs), published in any language, in which the investigators compared Chinese patent medicines with vitamin tablets or placebos for the treatment of RAS...
January 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054386/enzymatic-antioxidants-status-in-patients-with-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis
#13
Zichuan Zhang, Shan Li, Huiqing Fang
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress (OS) has been thought to play a main role in the etiopathogenesis of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS), which is one of the most common oral mucosal diseases characterized by recurrent and painful oral ulcers. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the enzymatic antioxidants status in patients with RAS in the active stage and remission stage. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients with idiopathic minor RAS and 102 race-, age- and gender-matched healthy individuals were recruited...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045325/oral-manifestations-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-children-part-4-coeliac-disease
#14
C Mantegazza, M Paglia, F Angiero, R Crippa
Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease. Dental enamel hypoplasia and aphthous ulcers have been found to be more common in children with coeliac disease compared with the general population and to regress after the patient is started on a gluten free-diet. A prompt recognition of systemic diseases through a careful examination of the oral cavity could allow the child to have appropriate investigations and to be treated in a timely fashion...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982000/gastrointestinal-diseases-and-their-oro-dental-manifestations-part-1-crohn-s-disease
#15
C X W Tan, H S Brand, N K H de Boer, T Forouzanfar
Widely varying prevalence rates of oral lesions in patients with Crohn's disease have been reported, ranging from 0.5% to 37%. These manifestations may coincide with or precede intestinal symptoms. Oral manifestations can be classified as specific lesions, when macroscopic examination shows similar changes to those observed endoscopically in the intestine, and non-specific lesions including aphthous ulcerations. The most frequently observed oral lesions are oedema, ulcers and hyperplastic lesions on the buccal mucosa...
December 16, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965713/short-term-efficacy-of-pudilan-keyanning-toothpaste-in-treatment-of-minor-recurrent-aphthous-ulcers
#16
Yingming Yang, Tao Zhang, Zibo Dong, Yang Wu, Xiao Hong, Tao Hu
Aim. To examine the potential of Pudilan Keyanning toothpaste (PKT) to treat minor aphthous ulcers (MiAU). Method. A double-blind clinical trial was conducted in which 80 volunteers were randomly assigned to the PKT group (N = 40) or the control group (N = 40). The control group used a placebo toothpaste containing no Pudilan extract. At baseline, after 3 days, and after 6 days the following parameters were recorded for the target ulcers: healing rate, healing period, pain (visual analogue scale, VAS), areas of the target ulcerated lesions, degree of exudation, and hyperemia...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957263/different-modalities-for-treatment-of-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Sherine A Nasry, Hanaa M El Shenawy, Dina Mostafa, Nagwa M Ammar
BACKGROUND: The underlying etiology of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is unclear and treatment aims to provide symptomatic and faster relief. This study compared the efficacy of diode laser, a herbal combination of Acacia nilotica and Licorice (A and L) and Amlexanox in the management of RAS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients with minor aphthae were selected and randomly divided into four groups of 15 each. Group I and II received adhesive preparations of a herbal mixture of A and L and a 2 mg Amlexanox paste respectively, group III received diode laser and the fourth group (control) used a placebo...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931995/descriptive-epidemiology-of-deployment-related-medical-conditions-and-shipboard-training-related-injuries-in-a-chinese-navy-population
#18
R-R Qi, J-Q Wang, L-L Pan, W Zhou, J-L Liu, J-T Ju, Y-L Cai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the deployment-related medical conditions and shipboard tactical training-related injuries in a Chinese Navy population. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study with the Chinese Navy was conducted. METHODS: The medical records of 1543 Navy crewmembers from 2011 to 2015 were collected. The distribution and incidence rate (IR) of different types of medical conditions were provided and compared between the Aden Gulf deployment and nondeployment periods...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896868/crohn-s-disease-should-be-considered-in-children-with-inflammatory-oral-lesions
#19
REVIEW
Anna Skrzat, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Anna Turska-Szybka
This systematic review presents the oral manifestations of paediatric Crohn's disease. Our review of 28 papers published from 2000 to 2015 showed that the prevalence of oral manifestations was 10-80%. Specific symptoms included mucosal tags, swelling of the lips, cheeks and gingiva, and cobblestoning mucosa. Nonspecific symptoms included aphthous-like ulcers, angular cheilitis, lip fissuring and gingivitis. CONCLUSION: The oral manifestations of Crohn's disease might precede intestinal inflammation or coincide with it...
February 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891490/is-optimal-management-of-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-possible-a-reality-check
#20
REVIEW
Shesha Prasad Ranganath, Anuradha Pai
Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is a condition in which aphthous ulcers repeatedly occur in the oral cavity. It is prevalent in developed countries, occurring in all ages, geographic regions and races and about 80% of people have one episode of oral aphthous ulcers before the age of 30 years. With no laboratory procedures to confirm the diagnosis, treatment is mainly empirical in nature and focuses on short-term symptomatic management. Although numerous treatment modalities have been recommended, only a few are evidence based and can be considered for the optimal management of RAS...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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