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Sarcoma, high grade

Ming-Shyen Yen, Jen-Ruei Chen, Peng-Hui Wang, Kuo-Chang Wen, Yi-Jen Chen, Heung-Tat Ng
Uterine sarcoma is a very aggressive and highly lethal disease. Even after a comprehensive staging surgery or en block cytoreduction surgery followed by multimodality therapy (often chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy), many patients relapse or present with distant metastases, and finally die of diseases. The worst outcome of uterine sarcomas is partly because of their rarity, unknown etiology, and highly divergent genetic aberration. Uterine sarcomas are often classified into four distinct subtypes, including uterine leiomyosarcoma, low-grade uterine endometrial stromal sarcoma, high-grade uterine endometrial stromal sarcoma, and undifferentiated uterine sarcoma...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Imen Ben Salha, Shane Zaidi, Jonathan Noujaim, Aisha B Miah, Cyril Fisher, Robin L Jones, Khin Thway
Dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDL) is a histologically pleomorphic sarcoma, traditionally defined as well-differentiated liposarcoma with abrupt transition to high grade, non-lipogenic sarcoma. It can occur as part of recurrent well-differentiated liposarcoma, or may arise de novo. DDL most frequently occurs within the retroperitoneum, and while it is prone to local recurrence, it usually has a lower rate of metastasis than other pleomorphic sarcomas. We describe a case of retroperitoneal dedifferentiated liposarcoma in a 63-year-old male, who showed MDM2 amplification with fluorescence in situ hybridization, which displayed unusually aggressive behavior, with brain, lung and subcutaneous soft tissue metastases...
September 5, 2016: Rare Tumors
Frédéric Chamberland, Tristan Maurina, Séverine Degano-Valmary, Thierry Spicarolen, Loïc Chaigneau
Angiosarcomas are one of the rarest subtypes of sarcomas; those are malignant vascular tumors arising from vascular endothelial cells. Occurrence of intra-oral angiosarcoma is extremely rare (0.0077% of all cancers in Europe). We present here, to our knowledge, the first case of a 83-year-old man with gingival and both palatine tonsils localization of a grade-two angiosarcoma discovered after a two months history of a painful lesion followed by hematoma and spontaneous bleeding. Chemotherapy with paclitaxel and hemostatic radiotherapy were inefficient and he died seven months after the first symptoms...
September 5, 2016: Rare Tumors
Zeeshan Khan, Adam M Gerrish, Robert J Grimer
INTRODUCTION: The scapula is not an uncommon site for bone and soft tissue tumours and can be difficult to delineate on examination. Furthermore, these lesions can be potentially challenging to biopsy due to its close anatomical relationship with important structures. We present an epidemiological survey of all the scapular and periscapular lesions presenting to our institution. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective study with data obtained from a prospectively held electronic database over a 30-year period...
2016: SICOT-J
S F Lax
The 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of uterine tumors revealed simplification of the classification by fusion of several entities and the introduction of novel entities. Among the multitude of alterations, the following are named: a simplified classification for precursor lesions of endometrial carcinoma now distinguishes between hyperplasia without atypia and atypical hyperplasia, the latter also known as endometrioid intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN). For endometrial carcinoma a differentiation is made between type 1 (endometrioid carcinoma with variants and mucinous carcinoma) and type 2 (serous and clear cell carcinoma)...
October 13, 2016: Der Pathologe
Sha Lou, Arjen H G Cleven, Benjamin Balluff, Marieke de Graaff, Marie Kostine, Inge Briaire-de Bruijn, Liam A McDonnell, Judith V M G Bovée
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on high grade sarcomas using mass spectrometry imaging showed proteasome activator complex subunit 1 (PSME1) to be associated with poor survival in soft tissue sarcoma patients. PSME1 is involved in immunoproteasome assembly for generating tumor antigens presented by MHC class I molecules. In this study, we aimed to validate PSME1 as a prognostic biomarker in an independent and larger series of soft tissue sarcomas by immunohistochemistry. METHODS: Tissue microarrays containing leiomyosarcomas (n = 34), myxofibrosarcomas (n = 14), undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas (n = 15), undifferentiated spindle cell sarcomas (n = 4), pleomorphic liposarcomas (n = 4), pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcomas (n = 2), and uterine leiomyomas (n = 7) were analyzed for protein expression of PSME1 using immunohistochemistry...
2016: Clinical Sarcoma Research
Sha Lou, Benjamin Balluff, Arjen H G Cleven, Judith V M G Bovée, Liam A McDonnell
Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) has been widely used for the direct molecular assessment of tissue samples and has demonstrated great potential to complement current histopathological methods in cancer research. It is now well established that tissue preparation is key to a successful MSI experiment; for histologically heterogeneous tumor tissues, other parts of the workflow are equally important to the experiment's success. To demonstrate these facets here we describe a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization MSI biomarker discovery investigation of high-grade, complex karyotype sarcomas, which often have histological overlap and moderate response to chemo-/radio-therapy...
October 8, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Catherine H Davis, Halim Yammine, Puja G Khaitan, Edward Y Chan, Min P Kim
INTRODUCTION: Soft tissue sarcomas of the chest wall are exceptionally rare entities that present as painless slow growing masses. Resection is often precarious due to involvement of vital structures, and patients are left with large chest wall defects postoperatively requiring extensive reconstruction. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case report of a 29 year-old man who presented with a giant soft tissue sarcoma of the chest that had been growing slowly for one year prior to presentation...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ninna Aggerholm-Pedersen, Brita Singers Sørensen, Jens Overgaard, Kasper Toustrup, Steen Baerentzen, Ole Steen Nielsen, Katja Maretty-Kongstad, Marianne Nordsmark, Jan Alsner, Akmal Safwat
BACKGROUND: For decades, tumour hypoxia has been pursued as a cancer treatment target. However, prognostic and predictive biomarkers are essential for the use of this target in the clinic. This study investigates the prognostic value of a hypoxia-induced gene profile in localised soft tissue sarcoma (STS). METHODS: The hypoxia-induced gene quantification was performed by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples. The gene expression cut-points were determined in a test cohort of 55 STS patients and used to allocate each patient into a more or a less hypoxic group...
October 4, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
G Avallone, V Pellegrino, P Roccabianca, E Lepri, L Crippa, G Beha, L De Tolla, G Sarli
The expression of tyrosine kinase receptors is attracting major interest in human and veterinary oncological pathology because of their role as targets for adjuvant therapies. Little is known about tyrosine kinase receptor (TKR) expression in canine liposarcoma (LP), a soft tissue sarcoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of the TKRs fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFRβ); their ligands, fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and platelet-derived growth factor B (PDGFB); and c-kit in canine LP...
October 3, 2016: Veterinary Pathology
B L Ecker, M G Peters, M T McMillan, A J Sinnamon, P J Zhang, D L Fraker, W P Levin, R E Roses, G C Karakousis
BACKGROUND: Histological subtype influences both prognosis and patterns of treatment failure in retroperitoneal sarcoma. Previous studies on the efficacy of neoadjuvant radiotherapy (NRT) have incorporated multiple histological types with heterogeneous tumour biology. The survival impact of NRT specifically for patients with retroperitoneal liposarcoma is poorly defined. METHODS: Patients who underwent resection with curative intent for retroperitoneal liposarcoma and who received NRT or surgery alone were identified in the US National Cancer Data Base (2004-2013)...
September 29, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
O M E E Mahmoud, A S Tunceroglu, J Benevenia, B Kathleen, F Patterson, R Chokshi, R R Parikh, K M Alektiar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
N Sen, M Batus, E B Jeans, L Miller, S Gitelis, D Wang, R A Abrams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Bill Pass, Maria Johnson, Elizabeth M A Hensor, Harun Gupta, Philip Robinson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate quantitative sonoelastography of benign and malignant musculoskeletal soft tissue masses. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 50 patients from a specialist sarcoma center who had extremity soft tissue masses referred for biopsy. After consent, the quantitative shear wave velocity (meters per second) was measured in longitudinal and transverse planes (3 readings in each plane and mean calculated). All masses subsequently underwent biopsy, excision, or both, with the histologic diagnosis taken as the reference standard...
October 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Rita Dorantes-Heredia, José Manuel Ruiz-Morales, Fernando Cano-García
Lung cancer is the principal cause of cancer-related death worldwide. The use of targeted therapies, especially tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), in specific groups of patients has dramatically improved the prognosis of this disease, although inevitably some patients will develop resistance to these drugs during active treatment. The most common cancer-associated acquired mutation is the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) Thr790Met (T790M) mutation. During active treatment with targeted therapies, histopathological transformation to small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) can occur in 3-15% of patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) tumors...
August 2016: Translational Lung Cancer Research
N H Alotaibi, Aurélie Bornand, Nicolas Dulguerov, M Becker, Pavel Dulguerov
INTRODUCTION: Synovial sarcoma (SS) is uncommon high grade soft tissue sarcoma, accounting for less than 10% of all head and neck sarcomas. Also, about 10% of SS occur within the Head & Neck. In the pediatric population, SS is an extremely rare head & neck malignancy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of sixteen years old boy diagnosed with SS situated of the hypopharynx treated by surgical excision and post operative radio-chemotherapy. DISCUSSION: This anatomical location brings additional functional challenges (swallowing, phonation, respiration), especially in the pediatric population...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Matthew W Rosenbaum, Martin Jones, Jonathan C Dudley, Long P Le, A John Iafrate, Martha B Pitman
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of a pancreatic cyst as mucinous or high-risk dictates the need for follow-up or surgery. Molecular analysis of aspirated pancreatic cyst fluid (PCF) can provide valuable information not obtained by carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) analysis or cytology. METHODS: All patients who underwent molecular analysis of PCF between March 2013 and June 2015 were reviewed, including pathology, imaging, and follow-up. Molecular testing was performed using a patented, anchored multiplex polymerase chain reaction next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform, which sequenced numerous hotspots in 39 genes linked with malignancy...
September 20, 2016: Cancer Cytopathology
Emanuela Palmerini, Marco Colangeli, Cristina Nanni, Stefano Fanti, Emanuela Marchesi, Anna Paioli, Piero Picci, Silvia Cambioli, Davide Donati, Luca Cevolani, Massimiliano De Paolis, Marco Gambarotti, Stefano Ferrari
PURPOSE: The histological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy is an important prognostic factor in patients with osteosarcoma (OS) and Ewing sarcoma (EWS). The aim of this study was to assess baseline primary tumour FDG uptake on PET/CT, and serum values of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), to establish whether these factors are correlated with tumour necrosis and prognosis. METHODS: Patients treated between 2009 and 2014 for localized EWS and OS, who underwent FDG PET/CT as part of their staging work-up, were included...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Lin Xu, Raphael A Wilson, Theodore W Laetsch, Dwight Oliver, Sheri L Spunt, Douglas S Hawkins, Stephen X Skapek
Mass spectrometry-based methods have been widely applied - often as the sole method - to detect mutations in human cancer specimens. We applied this approach to 52 childhood soft tissue sarcoma specimens in an attempt to identify potentially actionable mutations. This analysis revealed that 25% of the specimens harbored high-confidence calls for mutated alleles, including a mutation encoding FLT3(I836M) that was called in four cases. Given the surprisingly high frequency and unusual nature of some of the mutant alleles, we carried out ultra-deep next generation sequencing to confirm them...
2016: Scientific Reports
Derfel Ap Dafydd, Christina Messiou, Khin Thway, Dirk C Strauss, David L Nicol, Eleanor Moskovic
OBJECTIVE: To describe the major imaging features, together with clinical data, of paratesticular sarcomas. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of available imaging and clinical data of 77 consecutive cases of paratesticular sarcoma referred to the soft tissue sarcoma centre at **BLINDED**, between January 2006 and January 2015. RESULTS: Of the total cases, 87% had been referred post-operatively, 43% of which had been imaged pre-operatively and 24% of which required re-resection due to incomplete initial excision...
September 14, 2016: Urology
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