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Nurse anesthesia

Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Elaine Fernandes Viellas, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Maria Helena Bastos, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Arthur Orlando Correa Schilithz, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: The participation of nurses and midwives in vaginal birth care is limited in Brazil, and there are no national data regarding their involvement. The goal was to describe the participation of nurses and nurse-midwives in childbirth care in Brazil in the years 2011 and 2012, and to analyze the association between hospitals with nurses and nurse-midwives in labor and birth care and the use of good practices, and their influence in the reduction of unnecessary interventions, including cesarean sections...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
Anita Mohandas, Chris Summa, W Bradley Worthington, Jason Lerner, Kevin T Foley, Robert J Bohinski, Gregory B Lanford, Carol Holden, Richard N W Wohns
STUDY DESIGN: Delphi Panel expert panel consensus and narrative literature review OBJECTIVE.: To obtain expert consensus on best practices for patient selection and perioperative decision making for outpatient anterior cervical surgery (anterior cervical disc fusion (ACDF) and cervical total disc replacement (CTDR)). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spine surgery in ambulatory settings is becoming a preferred option for both patients and providers. The transition from traditional inpatient environments has been enabled by innovation in anesthesia protocols and surgical technique, as well as favorable economics...
October 6, 2016: Spine
Jarno Jokelainen, Marianne Udd, Leena Kylänpää, Harri Mustonen, Jorma Halttunen, Outi Lindström, Reino Pöyhiä
OBJECTIVE: Patient controlled sedation (PCS) has been shown to be a valid choice for sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in randomized studies. However, large scale studies are lacking. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single center, prospective observational study to determine how sedation for ERCP is administered in clinical setting. All 956 patients undergoing 1196 ERCPs in the endoscopy unit of Helsinki University Central Hospital 2012-2013, methods of sedation and adverse events associated with different sedations were recorded...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
M Schiavon, M Francescon, D Drigo, G Salloum, R Baraziol, J Tesei, E Fraccalanza, F Barbone
BACKGROUND: INTEGRA(®) Dermal Regeneration Template is a well-known and widely used acellular dermal matrix. Although it helps to solve many challenging problems in reconstructive surgery, the product cost may make it an expensive alternative compared to other reconstruction procedures. This retrospective study aims at comparing INTEGRA-based treatment to flap surgery in terms of cost and benefit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We considered only patients treated for scalp defects with bone exposure in order to obtain two groups as homogeneous as possible...
October 3, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Thomas E Schulte, Ellen K Roberts, Kristina Birch, Steven J Lisco
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the workflow interruptions on an anesthesiology clinical director (CD). By assessing the interruptions on the CD, we hypothesize that these frequent interruptions would prohibit the CD from medical direction of residents or certified nurse anesthetists in operating rooms. DESIGN: Cellular phone data were obtained from Verizon Wireless statements over 10 months, August 2012 through May 2013. These data were from a single cellular phone carried by the anesthesia CD and subsequent overnight anesthesiologist 24 hours a day...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
P Yan, F Y Li, Y Yang, Y N Wang, A M Huang, H Yao
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in nurses in Xinjiang, China, to analyze the influencing factors for the development of WMSDs, and to provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of WMSDs in nurses. Methods: Stratified cluster sampling was used to randomly select 8 422 nurses in 8 tertiary hospitals and 4 secondary hospitals in Xinjiang from January to October, 2015. A questionnaire survey was performed to investigate the prevalence of WMSDs in nurses from departments of internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, emergency, and intensive care and operating rooms and analyze related influencing factors...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Yin Li
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a patient-centered, surgeon-led system combining anesthesia, nursing, nutrition and psychology. It aims to minimize surgical stress and maintain physiological function in perioperative care, thereby expediting recovery. ERAS theory has been clinically applied for nearly 20 years and it is firstly used in colorectal surgery, then widely used in other surgical fields. However, ERAS is not used commonly in esophagectomy because of its surgical complexity and high morbidity of postoperative complications, which limits the application of ERAS in the field of esophagectomy...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Maria Jaensson, Ulrica Nilsson
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: The Swedish web-version of the Quality of Recovery questionnaire is used to evaluate a person's postoperative recovery after anesthesia and surgery. An earlier study found an increased risk of answering incorrectly when the questionnaire included both positive and negative items. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of changing positively worded items to negatively worded items. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including 90 second-year nursing students...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
G Sousa, C Pinho, A Santos, F J Abelha
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative delirium (POD) is an acute confusional state characterized by changes in consciousness and cognition, which may be fluctuating, developing in a small period of time. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between alcohol abuse and the development of POD. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated consecutively all postoperative patients admitted in the Post-anesthesia Care Unit over a 1-month period for delirium, using the Portuguese versions of the the Nursing Delirium Screening Scale...
September 15, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Kyle T Leggott, Matthew Martin, David Sklar, Deborah Helitzer, Randy Rosett, Cameron Crandall, Firoz Vagh, Deana Mercer
INTRODUCTION: To provide insight into how an innovation in healthcare is implemented and diffused, we studied the transition from routine use of general anesthesia to peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) for ambulatory orthopedic extremity surgery. Rogers' diffusion of innovations (DOI) theory was used as our theoretical framework. We identified themes that would be helpful for others attempting to diffuse innovations into healthcare settings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A mixed quantitative and qualitative methodology was used...
September 2016: Healthcare
Alberto Dionigi, Paola Gremigni
AIMS: To test whether a combined intervention of art therapy and clown visits could enhance the efficacy of oral medication in reducing children's anxiety at parental separation prior to induction of anesthesia. BACKGROUND: Approximately 50% of children undergoing surgery report high anxiety at anesthesia induction. Complementary therapies have been used to decrease children's anxiety, but no study has evaluated the efficacy of a combination of such therapies. DESIGN: This is an observational study, which involved allocating different interventions to two groups and measuring their anxiety at two time points...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Yayoi Ohashi, Leyla Baghirzada, Hiroyuki Sumikura, Mrinalini Balki
Japan has seen significant developments in obstetric anesthesia in recent years, including the establishment of the Japanese Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology. However, labor pain, which is one of the most important issues in obstetric practice, is still not treated aggressively. The rate of epidural administration for labor analgesia is very low in Japan as compared to other developed countries. Remifentanil has been used for labor analgesia, as part of general anesthesia for cesarean delivery, as well as for various fetal procedures around the world...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Mijee Koo, Sunkyung Hwang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of exhalation breathing exercises using expirometer and that of inhalation breathing exercises using incentive spirometry on pulmonary function and complications in elderly patients with upper-abdominal surgery. METHODS: The research design was a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. Participants were 63 patients who underwent upper-abdominal surgery under general anesthesia (32 in experiment group, 31 in control group)...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Thomas F Burke, Brett D Nelson, Taylor Kandler, Zaid Altawil, Khama Rogo, Javan Imbamba, Stella Odenyo, Leeya Pinder, Svjetlana Lozo, Moytrayee Guha, Melody J Eckardt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety of a ketamine-based rescue anesthesia package to support emergency cesarean delivery and emergency laparotomy when no anesthetist was available. METHODS: A prospective case-series study was conducted at seven sub-county hospitals in western Kenya between December 10, 2013, and January 20, 2016. Non-anesthetist clinicians underwent 5days of training in the Every Second Matters-Ketamine (ESM-Ketamine) program. A database captured preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative details of all surgeries in which ESM-Ketamine was used...
August 26, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Shravya Govindappagari, Amanda Guardado, Dena Goffman, Jeffrey Bernstein, Colleen Lee, Sara Schonfeld, Robert Angert, Andrea McGowan, Peter S Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: Communication failures are consistently seen as a root cause of preventable adverse outcomes in obstetrics. We assessed whether use of an Obstetric Safe Surgery Checklist for cesarean deliveries (CDs), based on the WHO Safe Surgery Checklist, can improve communication; reduce team member confusion about urgency of the case; and decrease documentation discrepancies among nursing, obstetric, anesthesia, and pediatric staff. METHODS: Retrospective review of 600 CDs on our 2 labor and delivery suites before and after the introduction of 2 consecutive versions of our obstetric safe surgery checklist (100 cases in each cohort) was undertaken...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
Rachel Myers, Jeanette Lozenski, Matthew Wyatt, Maria Peña, Kayla Northrop, Dhaval Bhavsar, Anthony Kovac
Pain and sedation management for patients undergoing burn dressing change can be challenging. Variations appear to exist in the selection of medications before and during burn dressing change. To determine if institutional variations exist in pain and sedation management for burn dressing change, an online survey was sent to ABA Burn Center nurses and physicians. Three hundred seventy-eight anonymous responses were received from nurses (72%), nurse practitioners (10%), and physicians (18%). Burn centers had adult (22%), pediatric (12%), or pediatric and adult (66%) patients...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Linda Stone, Diana Quinlan, Julie A Rice, Elizabeth Laura Wright
The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists has a long history of providing peer support for its members with substance use disorder (SUD). The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists' Peer Assistance Advisors Committee (PAAC) is a group of certified registered nurse anesthetist volunteers who strive to promote the awareness of SUD through education and research and provide support to certified registered nurse anesthetists and students with this disease. During the committee's 33-year history, educational outreach to nurse anesthesia educational programs and anesthesia workplaces has expanded, the peer support network has been strengthened, resources and guidelines have been developed, and research related to SUD has been conducted in an effort to accomplish these goals...
July 2016: Journal of Addictions Nursing
Peter Mark Smith, Aman Harbias, Richard Robinson, Anne Palmer, Benjamin Robin Grey
BACKGROUND: Polyembolokoilamania refers to the practice of inserting foreign bodies (FBs) into natural orifices. A FB within the urethra is a relatively rare phenomenon with 646 cases recorded last year in the United Kingdom. Management of these patients presents technical challenges and complexities because of underlying psychiatric disorders that are often associated. This case illustrates a novel way of removing FBs from the genitourinary tract, requiring less resources, preventing hospital admission, and attempts to break the cycle of behavior, leading to recurrent attendance with polyembolokoilamania...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Khoa N Nguyen, Heather S Byrd, Jonathan M Tan
AIM: Caudal epidural anesthesia has been shown to reduce stress response and shorten the time to extubation in children after cardiac surgery. Combined with general anesthesia, regional anesthesia has been proven to be safe and efficacious in the pediatric population. It is not known, however, whether the use of caudal anesthesia actually reduces postoperative pain scores and decreases postoperative opioid use. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the charts of 199 children who underwent repair for atrial septal defect (ASD), ventricular septal defect (VSD), and Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) at a major academic children's hospital between 2010 and 2013...
November 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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