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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777716/research-priorities-in-subspecialty-palliative-care-policy-initiatives
#1
Lynn F Reinke, Diane E Meier
Palliative care demonstrably improves quality of life for the seriously ill in a manner that averts preventable health crises and their associated costs. Because of these outcomes, palliative care is now broadening its reach beyond hospitals, and hospice care for those near death, to patients and their families living in the community with chronic multimorbidities that have uncertain or long expected survival. In this article, we address research needed to enable policies supportive of palliative care access and quality, including changes in regulatory, accreditation, financing, and training approaches in the purview of policy makers...
August 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762228/-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-pros-and-cons-of-consuming-liquids-preoperatively
#2
Fang-Tzu Lin, Tsai-Rung Lin, Chia-Wei Liao, Shu-Hui Chen
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anesthesia long time fasting, may increase patient hemodynamic instability during surgery and may affect the patient's post-surgery electrolyte balance. No meta-analysis has been conducted to explore the effects of preoperative liquid intake amount on gastric fluid PH, gastric fluid volume, surgery inhalation of pulmonary complications, and patient self-perceptions quality of care systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. PURPOSE: To assess the pros and cons of preoperative liquid intake using a systematic review of the literature...
August 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755481/a-comparison-of-the-incidence-of-post-dural-puncture-headache-and-backache-after-spinal-anesthesia-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jeong Sil Choi, Sun Ju Chang
BACKGROUND: Although bed rest is recommended after spinal anesthesia to prevent the occurrence of post-dural puncture headache, current literature suggests that periods of bed rest did not prevent headache as well as increase the risk of other complications such as backache. However, information is scarce regarding an appropriate period of bed rest following a dural puncture. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of post-dural puncture headache and backache after different periods of bed rest following spinal anesthesia...
July 29, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753078/which-is-more-effective-for-pain-relief-during-fractionated-carbon-dioxide-laser-treatment-emla-cream-or-forced-cold-air-anesthesia
#4
Elif Sari, Bulent Bakar
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream and forced cold air anesthesia (FCAA) on pain control during ablative fractionated carbon dioxide (CO2) laser treatment. METHODS: Fifteen volunteers participated in this prospective, controlled, split-face clinical study. EMLA cream was applied 60 minutes before the laser procedure on half of the face, and FCAA was performed on each subunit of the other half of the face...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746222/the-use-of-tenoxicam-to-prevent-symptoms-of-discomfort-induced-by-vagotonia-during-uterus-manipulation-in-cesarean-sections
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shih-Hong Chen, Shiou-Sheng Chen, Ching-Tao Chang, Chi-Hsiang Huang, Shou-Zen Fan, Li-Kuei Chen
PURPOSE: Symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, tightness of the chest, bradycardia, and shoulder or abdominal discomfort, caused by vagotonia occurring during uterus manipulation, have concerned healthcare professionals for some time. Patients sometimes report these symptoms when undergoing spinal anesthesia for cesarean sections (CSs). We designed a prospective, double-blind study to investigate the effectiveness of tenoxicam in preventing these symptoms of discomfort. METHODS: A total of 105 American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I-II nulliparous pregnant women, who were scheduled for a CS, were enrolled into this prospective, double-blind study...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739067/the-unique-role-of-the-pediatric-clinical-research-nurse-in-anesthesia-an-interdisciplinary-collaboration
#6
Christine Dube, Vanessa Young, Michelle Anderson, Brenda Barton, Izabela Leahy
This article describes the distinctive function of the pediatric clinical research nurse (CRN) in the anesthesia setting. The pediatric CRN in anesthesia acts as a liaison between families and the research team and is the major nexus between the principal investigator or anesthesiologist on a study, and the collaborating surgeons from many different departments. This is unique because the CRNs collaborate with physicians in specialties that can include plastics, urology, neurosurgery, orthopaedics, otolaryngology, cardiology, critical care, and many other departments...
August 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739063/patients-opinions-of-or-nurses-and-environments-in-the-postoperative-period
#7
Vesile Eskici, Nadiye Özer
PURPOSE: To determine patients' opinions of operating room (OR) nurses and environments in the postoperative period. DESIGN: A descriptive study. METHODS: The data were collected by using researcher developed forms that defined patients' opinions of OR nurses and environments and were given to the patients on the first postoperative day. FINDING: The final sample consisted of a total of 208 patients who underwent surgery with regional anesthesia...
August 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712478/comparison-of-effects-of-local-anesthesia-and-two-point-acupressure-on-the-severity-of-venipuncture-pain-among-hospitalized-6-12-year-old-children
#8
Parisa Shahmohammadi Pour, Golnaz Foroogh Ameri, Majid Kazemi, Yones Jahani
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of topical anesthesia and acupressure at the Yintang (Extra 1) and the Laogong (P-8) points on the severity of venipuncture pain among hospitalized 6-12-year-old children. A sample (n = 120) of 6-12-year-old hospitalized children was recruited from two teaching hospitals located in Rafsanjan, Iran. The children were allocated to the topical anesthesia, acupressure, and control groups. For children in the topical anesthesia and the acupressure groups, eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream and two-point acupressure were used, respectively, prior to performing venipuncture, whereas children in the control group only received routine prevenipuncture care...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706951/effectiveness-of-different-pain-control-methods-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-after-knee-arthroplasty
#9
Jin-Lain Ming, Shiao-Pei Hung, Hui-Mei Huang, Li-Hua Tseng, Chiung-Hui Huang, I-Chun Chen, Yu-Ping Chen, Chien-Kun Ting, Chen-Yin Tung
The number of patients with knee osteoarthritis has increased in tandem with population aging. Consequently, the number of knee arthroplasties has also risen. The postoperative pain is the biggest challenge faced by patients soon after knee arthroplasty; therefore, this study is among different methods for post-knee arthroplasty pain control. A prospective longitudinal research design was employed; 177 adult patients who proposed for primary knee arthroplasty were enrolled and recruited. The patients were divided into conventional Group 1 (n = 120) and patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) Group 2 (n = 57) according to the treatment methods they received...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694167/minimally-invasive-surgery-survey-miss-a-survey-of-surgical-team-members-perceptions-for-successful-minimally-invasive-surgery-mis
#10
Ladin A Yurteri-Kaplan, Leslie Andriani, Anagha Kumar, Pamela A Saunders, Mihriye M Mete, Andrew I Sokol
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To develop a valid and reliable survey to measure surgical team members' perceptions regarding their institution's requirements for successful minimally invasive surgery (MIS). DESIGN: Utilizing the Safety Attitudes questionnaire as a guide, we developed questions assessing study participants' attitudes regarding the requirements for successful MIS. The questions were closed-ended and responses based on a 5-point Likert scale. The large pool of questions was then given to four focus groups made up of 3-6 individuals...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688963/continuous-interscalene-brachial-plexus-blockade-is-associated-with-reduced-length-of-stay-after-shoulder-arthroplasty
#11
Peter N Chalmers, Dane Salazar, Mitchell E Fingerman, Jay D Keener, Aaron Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Catheter-delivered continuous interscaleneanesthesia has demonstrated improved pain control in randomized clinical trials.The purpose of this study is to determine whether the introduction of continuous catheteranesthesia was associated with a change in length of stay (LOS), readmission, rates of discharge home without home health or nursing services, or opioid administration. We hypothesized that the introduction of continuous catheter anesthesia would be associated with a decrease in LOS, readmission, non-home discharge, and opioid administration...
July 5, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688643/topical-anesthesia-for-staple-removal-from-surgical-wounds-on-the-knee-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-trial
#12
Tzu-Hao Tseng, Ching-Chuan Jiang, Shau-Huai Fu, Tsung-Lin Lee, Ya-Hui Chuang, Hongsen Chiang
BACKGROUND: Staple removal from surgical wounds is painful. Only a few articles have provided expert opinions using anesthetic cream for such a problem; however, direct application of the anesthetic cream to a wound may cause infection. A safe alternative can be an anesthetic patch without wound contact. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, double-blind, randomized clinical trial. Sixty patients who underwent primary total knee replacement were assigned to an experimental group or control group...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688211/reducing-sedation-time-for-thyroplasty-with-arytenoid-adduction-with-sequential-anesthetic-technique
#13
Charles K Saadeh, Eric B Rosero, Girish P Joshi, Esra Ozayar, Ted Mau
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which a sequential anesthetic technique 1) shortens time under sedation for thyroplasty with arytenoid adduction (TP-AA), 2) affects the total operative time, and 3) changes the voice outcome compared to TP-AA performed entirely under sedation/analgesia. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: A new sequential anesthetic technique of performing most of the TP-AA surgery under general anesthesia (GA), followed by transition to sedation/analgesia (SA) for voice assessment, was developed to achieve smooth emergence from GA...
July 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684631/peer-review-practices-for-evaluating-biomedical-research-grants-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#14
REVIEW
Lucy Liaw, Jane E Freedman, Lance B Becker, Nehal N Mehta, Laura Liscum
The biomedical research enterprise depends on the fair and objective peer review of research grants, leading to the distribution of resources through efficient and robust competitive methods. In the United States, federal funding agencies and foundations collectively distribute billions of dollars annually to support biomedical research. For the American Heart Association, a Peer Review Subcommittee is charged with establishing the highest standards for peer review. This scientific statement reviews the current literature on peer review practices, describes the current American Heart Association peer review process and those of other agencies, analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of American Heart Association peer review practices, and recommends best practices for the future...
August 4, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679460/serratia-marcescens-bacteremia-nosocomial-cluster-following-narcotic-diversion
#15
Leah M Schuppener, Aurora E Pop-Vicas, Erin G Brooks, Megan N Duster, Christopher J Crnich, Alana K Sterkel, Aaron P Webb, Nasia Safdar
OBJECTIVE To describe the investigation and control of a cluster of Serratia marcescens bacteremia in a 505-bed tertiary-care center. METHODS Cluster cases were defined as all patients with S. marcescens bacteremia between March 2 and April 7, 2014, who were found to have identical or related blood isolates determined by molecular typing with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Cases were compared using bivariate analysis with controls admitted at the same time and to the same service as the cases, in a 4:1 ratio...
July 6, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580562/-applying-team-resource-management-to-accelerate-rewarming-among-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#16
Ya-Ching Fang, Yen-Hsueh Chen, Yu-Ting Liu, Tzu-Chia Lin
BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: Hypothermia is the cause of multiple problems such as delayed awaking from anesthesia, feelings of discomfort, increased oxygen consumption, and increased risks of surgical wound infection and complications. A review of the record of post-operative patients receiving general anesthesia (GA) revealed that only 74% of the patients in our post-anesthesia room (PAR) had restored their body temperature to 36℃ after 60 minutes. Through situation analysis, several causes were identified, including insufficient warming facilities, lack of standard procedures and an audit system, lack of knowledge regarding hyperthermia among nurses, and the incompleteness of perioperative warming interventions performed by the healthcare team...
June 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574957/-attention-everyone-time-out-safety-attitudes-and-checklist-practices-in-anesthesiology-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Christopher Neuhaus, Aline Spies, Henryk Wilk, Markus A Weigand, Christoph Lichtenstern
BACKGROUND: The use of perioperative checklists has generated a growing body of evidence pointing toward reduction of mortality and morbidity, improved compliance with guidelines, reduction of adverse events, and improvements in human factor-related areas. Usual quality management metrics generally fall short in assessing compliance with their perioperative application. Our study assessed application attitudes and compliance with safety measures centered around the World Health Organization (WHO) "Safe Surgery Saves Lives" campaign as perceived by anesthesia professionals in Germany...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574955/safety-culture-in-the-operating-room-variability-among-perioperative-healthcare-workers
#18
Marc Philip T Pimentel, Stephanie Choi, Karen Fiumara, Allen Kachalia, Richard D Urman
INTRODUCTION: Safety culture is defined as the product of individual and group values, attitudes, perceptions, competencies, and patterns of behavior that determine an organization's health and safety management. There is a lack of studies assessing patient safety culture in the perioperative setting. OBJECTIVES: We examined safety culture at a single tertiary care hospital, across all types of surgery, using previously collected data from a validated survey tool...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560549/cost-analysis-of-prostate-artery-embolization-pae-and-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-turp-in-the-treatment-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#19
Sandeep Bagla, John Smirniotopoulos, Julie Orlando, Rachel Piechowiak
PURPOSE: Prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) has emerged as a minimally invasive alternative to TURP; however, there are limited cost comparisons reported. The purpose of this study was to compare in-hospital direct costs of elective PAE and TURP in a hospital setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective review was performed on patients undergoing PAE and TURP from January to December 2014. Inclusion criteria included male patients greater than 40 years of age who presented for ambulatory TURP or PAE with no history of prior surgical intervention for BPH...
May 30, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560042/acetylcholinesterase-and-butyrylcholinesterase-in-cardiosurgical-patients-with-postoperative-delirium
#20
Mira John, E Wesley Ely, Dorothee Halfkann, Julika Schoen, Beate Sedemund-Adib, Stefan Klotz, Finn Radtke, Sebastian Stehr, Michael Hueppe
BACKGROUND: Patients in intensive care units (ICU) are often diagnosed with postoperative delirium; the duration of which has a relevant negative impact on various clinical outcomes. Recent research found a potentially important role of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) in delirium of critically ill patients on non-surgical ICU or in non-cardiac-surgery patients. We tested the hypothesis that AChE and BChE have an impact on patients after cardiac surgery with postoperative delirium...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
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