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Nan Lu, Yaqi Wang, Shiqi Ning, Wenjing Zhao, Min Qian, Ying Ma, Jia Wang, Lingyun Fan, Jiunian Guan, Xing Yuan
A series of plasmonic Ag-TiO2/H3PW12O40 composite films were fabricated and immobilized by validated preparation technique. The chemical composition and phase, optical, SPR effect and pore-structure properties together with the morphology of as-prepared composite film are well-characterized. The multi-synergies of as-prepared composite films were gained by combined action of electron-capture action via H3PW12O40, visible-response induced by Ag, and Schottky-junction formed between TiO2-Ag. Under simulated sunlight, the maximal K app of o-chlorophenol (o-CP) reached 0...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hyunsu Do, Eungsu Kang, Byeongseon Yang, Hyung Joon Cha, Yoo Seong Choi
Tyrosinase efficiently catalyzes the ortho-hydroxylation of monophenols and the oxidation of diphenols without any additional cofactors. Although it is of significant interest for the biosynthesis of catechol derivatives, the rapid catechol oxidase activity and inactivation of tyrosinase have hampered its practical utilization as a monophenol monooxygenase. Here, we prepared a functional tyrosinase that exhibited a distinguished monophenolase/diphenolase activity ratio (V max mono/ V max di = 3.83) and enhanced catalytic efficiency against L-tyrosine (k cat  = 3...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
T Chino, Y Nukui, Y Morishita, K Moriya
Background: The bactericidal effect of disinfectants against biofilms is essential to reduce potential endoscopy-related infections caused by contamination. Here, we investigated the bactericidal effect of a high-level disinfectant, peracetic acid (PAA), against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm models in vitro. Methods: S. aureus and P. aeruginosa biofilms were cultured at 35 °C for 7 days with catheter tubes. The following high-level disinfectants (HLDs) were tested: 0...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Vellekkatt Jamsheena, Chikkagundagal K Mahesha, M Nibin Joy, Ravi S Lankalapalli
A phenyliodine(III) diacetate mediated umpolung reactivity of the tertiary amines with suitably substituted o-hydroxybenzyl and phenyl groups is exploited to facilitate o-C(sp2)-H functionalization to afford diaryl ethers. The presence of an o-CHO and secondary amine functionalities in the resulting diaryl ether, generated in situ, were utilized for synthesis of dibenzoxazepines and dibenzoxazepinones. Mild conditions and relative broad substrate scope, and potential for further diversification of the diaryl ethers are highlights of this methodology...
December 5, 2017: Organic Letters
T B Ward, E Miliordos, P D Carnegie, S S Xantheas, M A Duncan
Vanadium and niobium cation-water complexes, V(+)(H2O) and Nb(+)(H2O), are produced by laser vaporization in a pulsed supersonic expansion, mass selected in a time-of-flight spectrometer, and studied with infrared photodissociation spectroscopy using rare gas atom (Ar, Ne) complex predissociation. The vibrational bands measured in the O-H stretching region contain K-type rotational sub-band structure, which provides insight into the structures of these complexes. However, rotational sub-bands do not exhibit the simple patterns seen previously for other metal ion-water complexes...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Muthulakshmi T, Dhanadeep Dutta, Priya Maheshwari, P K Pujari
We report an experimental evidence for the phase separation of ethanol-water mixture confined in mesoporous silica with different pore size using positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS). A bulk-like liquid in the core of the pore and a distinct interfacial region near the pore surface have been identified based on ortho-positronium lifetime components. The lifetime corresponding to the core liquid shows similar behavior as the bulk liquid mixture while the interfacial lifetime shows an abrupt rise within a particular range of ethanol concentration depending on the pore size...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Xue-An Chen, Ya-Hua Zhang, Xin-An Chang, Wei-Qiang Xiao
Two new penta-borates, tris-odium zinc cadmium penta-borate, Na3Zn0.912Cd0.088B5O10, and tris-odium zinc magnesium penta-borate, Na3Zn0.845Mg0.155B5O10, have been synthesized by high-temperature solution reactions at 1023 K. Their crystal structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Both solid solutions crystallize in the ortho-rhom-bic form of the parent compound Na3ZnB5O10 (space group type Pbca, Z = 8) and contain the double ring [B5O10](5-) anion composed of one BO4 tetra-hedron and four BO3 triangles as the basic structural motif...
November 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Loïc P Mangin, Davit Zargarian
This report describes the results of a study on the ortho-C-H nickellation of the aryl phosphinites i-Pr2P(OAr) derived from the following four groups of substituted phenols: 3-R-C6H4OH (R = F (b), Me (c), MeO (d), Cl (e)); 3,5-R2-C6H3OH (R = F (f), Me (g), Cl (h), OMe (i)); 2-R-C6H4OH (R = Me (j), Ph(k)); and 2,6-R2-C6H3OH (R = Me (l), Ph (m)). No nickellation was observed with the phosphinites derived from the 3,5-disubstituted phenols g and h, and the 2,6-disubstituted phenols l and m; in all other cases nickellation occurred at an ortho-C-H to generate either the Br-bridged dimers [{κ(P),κ(C)-(i-Pr)2POAr}Ni(μ-Br)]2 (1b-1f, 1j, and 1k) or the monomeric acetonitrile adduct {κ(P),κ(C)-ArOP(i-Pr)2}Ni(Br)(NCMe) (1i-NCMe)...
November 13, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Maria Francesca Sfondrini, Paola Gandini, Paola Tessera, Pekka K Vallittu, Lippo Lassila, Andrea Scribante
Orthodontic and periodontal splints are prepared with round or flat metallic wires. As these devices cannot be used in patients with allergy to metals or with aesthetic demands, fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) retainers have been introduced. Stiffness of FRC materials could reduce physiologic tooth movement. In order to lower rigidity of conventional FRC retainers, a modified construction technique that provided a partial (spot) composite coverage of the fiber has been tested and compared with metallic splints and full-bonded FRCs...
2017: BioMed Research International
Raina J Olsen, Andrew K Gillespie, Cristian I Contescu, Jonathan W Taylor, Peter Pfeifer, James R Morris
Here we report a phase transition in H2 adsorbed in a locally graphitic Saran carbon with subnanometer pores 0.5-0.65 nm in width, in which two layers of hydrogen can just barely squeeze, provided they pack tightly. The phase transition is observed at 75 K, temperatures far higher than other systems in which an adsorbent is known to increase phase transition temperatures: for instance, H2 melts at 14 K in the bulk, but at 20 K on graphite because the solid H2 is stabilized by the surface structure. Here we observe a transition at 75 K and 77-200 bar: from a low-temperature, low-density phase to a high-temperature, higher density phase...
November 7, 2017: ACS Nano
Fang Ma, Qi Chen, Jin Xiong, Hao-Ling Sun, Yi-Quan Zhang, Song Gao
A chain complex [Dy(L)(NO3)2CH3OH]n (1) and a dinuclear compound [Dy2(L)2(NO3)4(CH3OH)2]·2CH3OH (2) were synthesized by the assembly of a novel pyridine-N-oxide-containing ligand with dysprosium nitrate under different reaction temperatures, where two coordinating nitrates are located in para or ortho position with respect to each other around dysprosium ions. Magnetic studies indicate that the chain complex with two para-coordinating nitrates shows fast quantum tunnelling of the magnetization under zero direct-current field, while the dinuclear complex with two ortho-coordinating nitrates exhibits a thermal-activated process with an effective energy barrier of 51 K...
November 6, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Feng-Jiao Zhao, Yun Jin, Zhongchuan Liu, Chao Guo, Tong-Biao Li, Zi-Yi Li, Ganggang Wang, Zhong-Liu Wu
ChKRED20 is an efficient and robust anti-Prelog ketoreductase that can catalyze the reduction of ketones to chiral alcohols as pharmaceutical intermediates with great industrial potential. To overcome its limitation on the bioreduction of ortho-substituted acetophenone derivatives, the X-ray crystal structure of the apo-enzyme of ChKRED20 was determined at a resolution of 1.85 Å and applied to the molecular modeling and reshaping of the catalytic cavity via three rounds of iterative saturation mutagenesis together with alanine scanning and recombination...
December 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Natasha R Catlin, Cynthia J Willson, Matthew Stout, Grace E Kissling, Suramya Waidyanatha, Gregory L Baker, Barry K Hayden, Michael Wyde
ortho-Phthalaldehyde (OPA) is a high-level chemical disinfectant that is commonly used for chemical sterilization of dental and medical instruments as an alternative to glutaraldehyde, a known skin and respiratory sensitizer. Concern for safe levels of human exposure remains due to a lack of toxicity data as well as human case reports of skin and respiratory sensitization following OPA exposure. The present study evaluated the inhalational toxicity of OPA in Harlan Sprague-Dawley rats and B6C3F1/N mice. Groups of 10 male and female rats and mice were exposed to OPA by whole-body inhalation for 3 months at concentrations of 0 (control), 0...
August 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
Jing Cao, Rachel Edwards, Janette Chairez, Sridevi Devaraj
BACKGROUND: Laboratory test in transport is a critical component of patient care, and capillary blood is a preferred sample type particularly in children. This study evaluated the performance of capillary blood testing on the epoc Point of Care Blood Analysis System (Alere Inc). METHODS: Ten fresh venous blood samples was tested on the epoc system under the capillary mode. Correlation with GEM 4000 (Instrumentation Laboratory) was examined for Na+, K+, Cl-, Ca2+, glucose, lactate, hematocrit, hemoglobin, pO2, pCO2, and pH, and correlation with serum tested on Vitros 5600 (Ortho Clinical Diagnostics) was examined for creatinine...
December 2017: Practical Laboratory Medicine
Santosh K Pagire, Asik Hossain, Lukas Traub, Sabine Kerres, Oliver Reiser
An efficient method for the synthesis of substituted cyclobutanes from cinnamates, chalcones, and styrenes has been developed utilizing a visible-light triplet sensitisation mode. This reaction provides a diverse range of substituted cyclobutanes in high yields under mild conditions without the need of external additives. Good regioselectivity is obtained due to strong π-π-stacking of arene moieties, whereas diastereoselectivity relies on the electronic effects or ortho-substitution of the arene substrate...
November 7, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Qinghui Kong, Jiang Guo, Jing Zhou, Yanling Zhang, Xiaoyan Dou
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify factors influencing the therapeutic outcome of orthokeratology on controlling juvenile myopia progression, and the risk factors for complications. METHODS: Myopic patients (n=724) in Shenzhen Second Hospital from Jan 2011 to Jan 2016 fitted with orthokeratology lenses and followed-up for 6-65 months were reviewed retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to screen for the factors that can improve treatment outcome and prevent the development of complications...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Tamiko Ikeno, Chihiro Miyashita, Sonomi Nakajima, Sumitaka Kobayashi, Keiko Yamazaki, Yasuaki Saijo, Toshiko Kita, Seiko Sasaki, Kanae Konishi, Junboku Kajiwara, Tsuguhide Hori, Reiko Kishi
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) or polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dioxin-like compounds [DLCs]) through environmental chemicals may affect the neurodevelopment of children. In our previous study, an inverse association was observed between prenatal DLCs and neurodevelopment of infants aged 6months in both sexes. However, studies are yet to determine how long these adverse effects last. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the effects of DLCs on cognitive development remains at 42months...
October 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Naomasa Oka, Manabu Ishimaru, Masakazu Tane, Younes Sina, Carl J McHargue, Kurt E Sickafus, Eduardo Alves
Formation of metastable phases in Zr-ion-irradiated corundum alumina (Al2O3) upon thermal annealing was examined using transmission electron microscopy. A metastable cubic spinel phase was formed in the topmost layer of the as-irradiated microstructure. During thermal annealing at temperatures ranging from 1073 to 1273 K, this spinel layer grew in extent via an unusual corundum-to-spinel phase transformation. A normal spinel-to-corundum phase transformation was observed at post-irradiation annealing temperatures greater than 1473 K...
July 28, 2017: Microscopy
Johannes Landmann, Philipp T Hennig, Nikolai V Ignat'ev, Maik Finze
The potassium salt of the boron-centred nucleophile B(CN)3(2-) (1) readily reacts with perfluorinated arenes, such as hexafluorobenzene, decafluorobiphenyl, octafluoronaphthalene and pentafluoropyridine, which results in KF and the K(+) salts of the respective borate anions with one {B(CN)3} unit bonded to the (hetero)arene. An excess of K21 leads to the successive reaction of two or, in the case of perfluoropyridine, even three C-F moieties and the formation of di- and trianions, respectively. Moreover, all of the 11 partially fluorinated benzene derivatives, C6F6-n H n (n = 1-5), generally react with K21 to give new tricyano(phenyl)borate anions with high chemo- and regioselectivity...
September 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Lu Zhang, Yue Zhang, Yanlin Liu, Kai Wang, Mingwei Zhao
PURPOSE: To evaluate a novel fitting algorithm for estimation of alignment curve (AC) radius during orthokeratology lens trial. METHODS: Fifty myopic children were recruited in this study. AC radii were estimated by both traditional method using flat K readings and eccentricity values and by a novel fitting algorithm, which was composed of 256 circle fittings using corneal elevation data from the corresponding AC region and a succedent toric fitting based on these calculated AC curvatures...
October 4, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
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