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Myopia control

J Willem L Tideman, Margaretha C C Snabel, Milly S Tedja, Gwyneth A van Rijn, King T Wong, Robert W A M Kuijpers, Johannes R Vingerling, Albert Hofman, Gabriëlle H S Buitendijk, Jan E E Keunen, Camiel J F Boon, Annette J M Geerards, Gregorius P M Luyten, Virginie J M Verhoeven, Caroline C W Klaver
Importance: Myopia (ie, nearsightedness) is becoming the most common eye disorder to cause blindness in younger persons in many parts of the world. Visual impairment due to myopia is associated with structural changes of the retina and the globe because of elongation of the eye axis. How axial length-a sum of the anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, and vitreous chamber depth-and myopia relate to the development of visual impairment over time is unknown. Objectives: To evaluate the association between axial length, spherical equivalent, and the risk of visual impairment and to make projections of visual impairment for regions with high prevalence rates...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
Jacinto Santodomingo-Rubido, César Villa-Collar, Bernard Gilmartin, Ramón Gutiérrez-Ortega, Keiji Sugimoto
PURPOSE: The primary outcome of this study is to compare the axial length growth of white European myopic children wearing orthokeratology contact lenses (OK) to a control group (CT) over a 7-year period. METHODS: Subjects 6-12 years of age with myopia -0.75 to -4.00DS and astigmatism ≤1.00DC were prospectively allocated OK or distance single-vision spectacles (SV) correction. Measurements of axial length (Zeiss IOLMaster), corneal topography, and cycloplegic refraction were taken at 6-month intervals over a 2-year period...
October 21, 2016: Current Eye Research
Alper Ağca, Ahmet Demirok, Yusuf Yıldırım, Ali Demircan, Dilek Yaşa, Ceren Yeşilkaya, İrfan Perente, Muhittin Taşkapılı
Small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) is an alternative to laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for the correction of myopia and myopic astigmatism. SMILE can be performed for the treatment of myopia ≤-12 D and astigmatism ≤5 D. The technology is currently only available in the VisuMax femtosecond laser platform. It offers several advantages over LASIK and PRK; however, hyperopia treatment, topography-guided treatment, and cyclotorsion control are not available in the current platform...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Michael A Bergen, Han Na Park, Ranjay Chakraborty, Erica G Landis, Curran Sidhu, Li He, P Michael Iuvone, Machelle T Pardue
Purpose: The neuromodulator dopamine (DA) has been implicated in the prevention of excessive ocular elongation and myopia in various animal models. This study used retina-specific DA knockout mice to investigate the role of retinal DA in refractive development and susceptibility to experimental myopia. Methods: Measurements of refractive error, corneal curvature, and ocular biometrics were obtained as a function of age for both untreated and form-deprived (FD) groups of retina-specific tyrosine hydroxylase knockout (rTHKO) and control (Ctrl) mice...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Nooshin Bazzazi, Siamak Akbarzadeh, Minoo Yavarikia, Jalal Poorolajal, Daniel F Fouladi
PURPOSE: To examine an association between high myopia and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetic patients with high myopic anisometropia. METHODS: A total of 116 white diabetic patients (232 eyes) with high myopia (spherical equivalent > -5.00 diopters, D) anisometropia (difference ≥ -6 D) were enrolled in this cross-sectional, contralateral eye study. The frequency of DR was compared between the high myopic and the contralateral eyes. RESULTS: Compared with the fellow eyes, DR was significantly less frequent in high myopic side (27...
September 30, 2016: Retina
Qianwen Gong, Miroslaw Janowski, Mingkun Xie, Guoyuan Yang, Longqian Liu
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies of patients have linked the Rasgrf1 gene with myopia. The aim of this study was to investigate the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of Rasgrf1 in the eyes of guinea pigs with induced myopia. METHODS: The myopia was induced by form deprivation in 24 guinea pigs, while additional 12 animals served as a control. Biometric measurements were used to monitor myopic progression. The animals were sacrificed at two, three and four weeks after beginning of the monocular form deprivation, followed by dissection of the retina, and the sclera, as well as mRNA isolation from both layers...
October 9, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Yanzheng Song, Fengju Zhang, Yanyan Zhao, Mingshen Sun, Jun Tao, Yanchuang Liang, Ling Ma, Yanqiu Yu, Jianhua Wang, Junfeng Hao
Lumican (LUM) is a candidate gene for myopia in the MYP3 locus. In this study, a mutant lumican (L199P) transgenic mouse model was established to investigate the axial length changes and ultrastructural features of the sclera. The mouse model was established by pronuclear microinjection. Transgenic mice and wild-type B6 mice were killed at eight weeks of age. Gene expression levels of LUM and collagen type I (COL1) in the sclera were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and the protein levels were assessed by Western blot analysis...
2016: PloS One
Ying Wu, Lei Tian, Li-Qiang Wang, Yi-Fei Huang
This was a prospective controlled clinical trial. 48 myopia patients (96 eyes) were included in this study. After LASIK, accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (ACXL) was used for myopia treatment. During 6-month follow-up, the results of LASIK-ACXL treatment were studied and compared to the LASIK-only procedure. The results showed that no statistically significant differences in UDVA, CDVA, MRSE, K mean, pachymetry, or ECD were found between the two groups at the visit after 6 months of follow-up (all P > 0...
2016: BioMed Research International
Yuan Zeng, Jian-Hua Gao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Mydrin eye-drops on central corneal thickness values and investigate the duration of the effect. METHODS: In this prospective randomised self-controlled study, we enrolled 60 myopic patients (120 eyes) undergoing corneal laser refractive surgery. The central corneal thickness was measured before and one and four hours after administration of Mydrin eye-drops (major components are tropicamide and phenylephrine hydrochloride) using the Orbscan II anterior segment analysis system and a SP-2000P non-contact specular microscope, respectively...
September 29, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Shivali A Menda, Todd H Driver, Alexandra E Neiman, Seth Blumberg, Ayman Naseri, Jay M Stewart
OBJECTIVE: Investigate risk factors for unplanned return to the operating room after resident-performed cataract surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Institutional. METHODS: Study population: All patients with reoperation within 90 days of resident-performed phacoemulsification were matched to four control eyes which had surgery within 30 days of the reoperation at the same institution. OBSERVATION PROCEDURE: Billing codes were used to identify all patients who underwent resident-performed intended phacoemulsification with intraocular lens placement from January 2005 to December 2010...
September 29, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Sherif A Eissa
PURPOSE: To assess the outcomes of sulcus implantation of the Visian(®) implantable collamer lens (ICL) to correct pseudophakic myopic anisometropic amblyopia with myopic shift and/or primary refractive overcorrection. METHODS: Prospective case series enrolled 14 pseudophakic eyes of 14 patients, 5-9 years old, with history of cataract surgery and primary in the bag-intraocular lenses (IOL) implantation, followed by myopic shift and/or refractive overcorrection and anisometropic amblyopia of variable degrees...
September 29, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Christiane Al-Haddad, Maamoun Abdul Fattah, Larissa Smeets, Hani Tamim, Leila Dirani, Layal Safadieh, Durriyah Sinno, Lama Charafeddine
PURPOSE: To study ophthalmological outcomes of premature children with no retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and correlate with neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: A total of 69 former preterm infants were evaluated at 2 to 7 years of age. Detailed ophthalmologic examinations were performed. Neurodevelopment was assessed using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale and Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence. Another 69 healthy children served as controls...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Michael D Twa, Krystal L Schulle, Stephanie J Chiu, Sina Farsiu, David A Berntsen
PURPOSE: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging permits in vivo visualization of the choroid with micron-level resolution over wide areas and is of interest for studies of ocular growth and myopia control. We evaluated the speed, repeatability, and accuracy of a new image segmentation method to quantify choroid thickness compared to manual segmentation. METHODS: Two macular volumetric scans (25 × 30°) were taken from 30 eyes of 30 young adult subjects in two sessions, 1 hour apart...
September 23, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Oliver L Yeh, Karine D Bojikian, Mark A Slabaugh, Philip P Chen
PURPOSE: To examine refractive outcomes after phacoemulsification in eyes with prior trabeculectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case-control study METHODS:: Comparison of eyes of glaucoma patients undergoing cataract surgery after trabeculectomy (study group) with a matched group with medically controlled glaucoma (control group). Laser interferometry was used to obtain ocular biometry. We measured the difference between the expected and actual postoperative refraction using third-generation and fourth-generation intraocular lens (IOL) prediction formulae (Haigis, Holladay 2, Hoffer Q, and SRK-T)...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Alvaro Velazquez-Villoria, Sergio Recalde, Jaouad Anter, Jaione Bezunartea, Maria Hernandez-Sanchez, Laura García-García, Elena Alonso, Jose María Ruiz-Moreno, Javier Araiz-Iribarren, Patricia Fernandez-Robredo, Alfredo García-Layana
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) commonly occurs in age related macular degeneration and pathological myopia patients. In this study we conducted a case-control prospective study including 431 participants. The aim of this study was to determine the potential association between 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in 4 different genetic regions (CFI, COL8A1, LIPC, and APOE), and choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration and the development of choroidal neovascularization in highly myopic eyes of a Caucasian population...
2016: PloS One
Nina Riddell, Loretta Giummarra, Nathan E Hall, Sheila G Crewther
Myopia (short-sightedness) affects 1.45 billion people worldwide, many of whom will develop sight-threatening secondary disorders. Myopic eyes are characterized by excessive size while hyperopic (long-sighted) eyes are typically small. The biological and genetic mechanisms underpinning the retina's local control of these growth patterns remain unclear. In the present study, we used RNA sequencing to examine gene expression in the retina/RPE/choroid across 3 days of optically-induced myopia and hyperopia induction in chick...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Richard A Stone, Yuval Cohen, Alice M McGlinn, Sherrill Davison, Susan Casavant, James Shaffer, Tejvir S Khurana, Machelle T Pardue, P Michael Iuvone
PURPOSE: The hypothesis that outdoor exposure might protect against myopia has generated much interest, although available data find only modest clinical efficacy. We tested the effect of outdoor rearing on form-deprivation myopia in chicks, a myopia model markedly inhibited by high-intensity indoor laboratory lighting. METHODS: Unilaterally goggled cohorts of White Leghorn chicks were maintained in a species-appropriate, outdoor rural setting during daylight hours to the extent permitted by weather...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Yun-Lin Cai, Yun-Chun Zou, Jia-Hong Lei, Guan-Peng Zeng, Ying Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to preliminarily investigate the expression of mitochondrial fusion protein 1 (MFN1) in a lens-induced animal myopia (LIM) model and to explore the relationship between MFN1 and the visual development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MFN1 gene expression in guinea pigs was examined during the development of minus LIM, 15 tri-colored guinea pigs were obtained, and one eye of each pig was randomly selected and treated with -7.00D lenses. Ocular refraction and axial length were collected before intervention and 1, 2, and 3 weeks after intervention...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Qinghe Jing, Yating Tang, Dongjin Qian, Yi Lu, Yongxiang Jiang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the characteristics of the posterior corneal surface in patients with high myopia before cataract surgery. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study at the Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Corneal astigmatism and axial length were measured with a rotating Scheimpflug camera (Pentacam) and partial coherence interferometry (IOLMaster) in a high-myopia study group of 167 eyes (axial length ≥ 26 mm) and a control group of 150 eyes (axial length > 20 mm and < 25 mm)...
2016: PloS One
Natalya I Minkevich, Ludmilla A Morozova-Roche, Elena N Iomdina, Tatiana V Rakitina, Anna P Bogachuk, Dmitry L Kakuev, Evgeniya V Smirnova, Igor I Babichenko, Valery M Lipkin
Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor (PEDF) is a secreted glycoprotein belonging to the family of non-inhibitory serpins. It is known, that in cases of complicated myopia, the content of PEDF in aqueous humor of the anterior chamber is significantly reduced. Here we examined a bulk of Tenon's capsule samples obtained from various groups of myopes, to examine PEDF processing in progressive myopia. We have analyzed the distribution of full length PEDF50 and its truncated form PEDF45 in the soluble and insoluble fractions extracted from Tenon's capsule of myopic and control (non-myopic) patients using SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, as well as monitored the proteolytic degradation of PEDF ex vivo by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
August 30, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
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