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Cigarette AND morbidity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401822/herziene-richtlijn-%C3%A2-behandeling-van-tabaksverslaving-en-stoppen-met-roken-ondersteuning%C3%A2
#1
N H Chavannes, E Meijer, L Wind, R C van der Graaf, C Rietbergen, E A Croes
- The revised guideline 'Treatment of tobacco addiction and smoking cessation support' offers health professionals a framework to provide evidence-based care to patients who smoke, which should aid in reducing smoking prevalence and smoke-related morbidity and mortality.- Four topics of the guideline have been revised: behavioural interventions, pharmacotherapy, e-health interventions and e-cigarettes. For the other topics, the recommendations from the 2009 version remain unaltered.- It is important that health professionals offer a made-to-measure smoking cessation advice and apply a fit-for-purpose smoking cessation intervention...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399390/matrix-metalloproteinase-28-is-a-key-contributor-to-emphysema-pathogenesis
#2
Anne M Manicone, Sina A Gharib, Ke-Qin Gong, William E Eddy, Matthew E Long, Charles W Frevert, William A Altemeier, William C Parks, A McGarry Houghton
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) comprises chronic bronchitis and emphysema, and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Because tissue destruction is the prominent characteristic of emphysema, extracellular proteinases, particularly those with elastolytic ability, are often considered to be key drivers in this disease. Several human and mouse studies have implicated roles for matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly macrophage-derived proteinases, in COPD pathogenesis. MMP-28 is expressed by the pulmonary epithelium and macrophage, and we have found that it regulates macrophage recruitment and polarization...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382540/alcohol-and-cigarette-use-among-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#3
Anna M Hogendorf, Wojciech Fendler, Janusz Sierosławski, Katarzyna Bobeff, Krzysztof Węgrewicz, Kamila I Malewska, Maciej W Przudzik, Małgorzata Szmigiero-Kawko, Beata Sztangierska, Małgorzata Myśliwiec, Agnieszka Szadkowska, Wojciech M Młynarski
In this study, we compare the prevalence of alcohol and cigarette use among Polish adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) (n = 209), aged 15-18 years, with that of a large cohort of their healthy peers, using standardized questionnaire used in the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Drugs (ESPAD). The lifetime, previous year, and past 30-day prevalence of alcohol consumption was high among adolescents with T1DM but lower than in the controls (82.8 vs 92.0%, 71.7 vs 85.6%, and 47.5 vs 69...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349353/management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#4
Mario Cazzola, Luigino Calzetta, Barbara Rinaldi, Clive Page, Giuseppe Rosano, Paola Rogliani, Maria Gabriella Matera
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cardiovascular diseases often coexist. The mechanistic links between these two diseases are complex, multifactorial and not entirely understood, but they can influence the therapeutic approach. Therapy can be primarily directed towards treating the respiratory symptoms and reducing lung inflammation. Smoking cessation, bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids are central to this therapeutic approach. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms that are responsible for the increased cardiovascular risk in COPD remain unclear, but might include arterial stiffness, inflammation and endothelial dysfunction as a consequence of systemic exposure to chemicals in cigarette smoke or airborne pollution...
March 28, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340867/comparative-prevalence-of-co-morbidities-in-smoking-and-non-smoking-asthma-patients-with-incomplete-reversibility-of-airway-obstruction-non-smoking-asthma-patients-with-complete-reversibility-of-airway-obstruction-and-copd-patients
#5
Myriam Nadeau, Marie-Ève Boulay, Joanne Milot, Johane Lepage, Lara Bilodeau, François Maltais, Louis-Philippe Boulet
BACKGROUND: Asthma with incomplete reversibility of airway obstruction (IRAO) may often be associated to smoking-induced changes. Nevertheless, a high proportion of patients showing IRAO have never smoked. These patients with IRAO often share features of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although IRAO is still a poorly defined condition, it has been associated with a higher morbidity and mortality than asthma with complete reversibility of airway obstruction (CRAO) or even COPD alone...
April 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331347/environmental-triggers-and-avoidance-in-the-management-of-asthma
#6
REVIEW
Clarisse Gautier, Denis Charpin
Identifying asthma triggers forms the basis of environmental secondary prevention. These triggers may be allergenic or nonallergenic. Allergenic triggers include indoor allergens, such as house dust mites (HDMs), molds, pets, cockroaches, and rodents, and outdoor allergens, such as pollens and molds. Clinical observations provide support for the role of HDM exposure as a trigger, although avoidance studies provide conflicting results. Molds and their metabolic products are now considered to be triggers of asthma attacks...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331303/soluble-common-gamma-chain-exacerbates-copd-progress-through-the-regulation-of-inflammatory-t-cell-response-in-mice
#7
Byunghyuk Lee, Eunhee Ko, Jiyeon Lee, Yuna Jo, Hyunju Hwang, Tae Sik Goh, Myungsoo Joo, Changwan Hong
Cigarette smoking (CS) is a major cause of considerable morbidity and mortality by inducing lung cancer and COPD. COPD, a smoking-related disorder, is closely related to the alteration of immune system and inflammatory processes that are specifically mediated by T cells. Soluble common gamma chain (sγc) has recently been identified as a critical regulator of the development and differentiation of T cells. We examined the effects of sγc in a cigarette smoke extract (CSE) mouse model. The sγc level in CSE mice serum is significantly downregulated, and the cellularity of lymph node (LN) is systemically reduced in the CSE group...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272835/posttreatment-trajectories-of-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Alexander R Lucas, Beverly J Levine, Nancy E Avis
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors face a risk of disease recurrence and a higher risk of developing comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease when compared with the general population. Physical activity (PA) has been shown to reduce such risks. The current analyses sought to identify: 1) unique patterns of PA among breast cancer survivors; and 2) characteristics associated with the level of PA. METHODS: A total of 548 women reported PA and sociodemographic, health-related, and psychosocial factors at 3 time points, 6 months apart, after primary treatment of breast cancer...
March 8, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267790/cigarette-smoking-is-associated-with-high-hiv-viral-load-among-adults-presenting-for-antiretroviral-therapy-in-vietnam
#9
Todd M Pollack, Hao T Duong, Thuy T Pham, Cuong D Do, Donn Colby
High HIV viral load (VL >100,000 cp/ml) is associated with increased HIV transmission risk, faster progression to AIDS, and reduced response to some antiretroviral regimens. To better understand factors associated with high VL, we examined characteristics of patients presenting for treatment in Hanoi, Vietnam. We examined baseline data from the Viral Load Monitoring in Vietnam Study, a randomized controlled trial of routine VL monitoring in a population starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) at a clinic in Hanoi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178927/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-smoking-changes-after-chronic-disease-diagnosis-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#10
Ana R Quiñones, Corey L Nagel, Jason T Newsom, Nathalie Huguet, Paige Sheridan, Stephen M Thielke
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged and older Americans from underrepresented racial and ethnic backgrounds are at risk for greater chronic disease morbidity than their white counterparts. Cigarette smoking increases the severity of chronic illness, worsens physical functioning, and impairs the successful management of symptoms. As a result, it is important to understand whether smoking behaviors change after the onset of a chronic condition. We assessed the racial/ethnic differences in smoking behavior change after onset of chronic diseases among middle-aged and older adults in the US...
February 8, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160384/australian-mental-health-care-practitioners-practices-and-attitudes-for-encouraging-smoking-cessation-and-tobacco-harm-reduction-in-smokers-with-severe-mental-illness
#11
Ratika Sharma, Carla Meurk, Stephanie Bell, Pauline Ford, Coral Gartner
Reducing the burden of physical illness among people living with severe mental illnesses (SMI) is a key priority. Smoking is strongly associated with SMIs resulting in excessive smoking related morbidity and mortality in smokers with SMI. Smoking cessation advice and assistance from mental health practitioners would assist with reducing smoking and smoking-related harms in this group. This study examined the attitudes and practices of Australian mental health practitioners towards smoking cessation and tobacco harm reduction for smokers with SMI, including adherence to the 5As (ask, assess, advise, assist and arrange follow up) of smoking cessation...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144390/predictors-for-advanced-fibrosis-in-morbidly-obese-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-patients
#12
Shira Zelber-Sagi, Dafna Shoham, Isabel Zvibel, Subhi Abu-Abeid, Oren Shibolet, Sigal Fishman
AIM: To investigate predictors for fibrosis specifically in a high risk population of morbidly obese patients, including detailed evaluation of lifestyle. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among morbidly obese patients attending the bariatric clinic at the Tel-Aviv Medical Center between the years 2013-2014 with body mass index (BMI) above 40 or above 35 with co-morbidity. Patients with serum hepatitis B surface antigen or anti-hepatitis C virus antibodies, genetic liver diseases, autoimmune disease or high alcohol intake (≥ 30 g/d in men or ≥ 20 g/d in women) were excluded from the study...
January 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119270/distribution-of-gastric-carcinoma-in-an-area-with-a-high-prevalence-of-helicobacter-pylori
#13
Javed Yakoob, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Zaigham Abbas, Syed Farrukh Mustafa, Hamza Abdur Rahim Khan, Muhammad Faraz Raghib, Safia Awan, Zubair Ahmad
BACKGROUND/AIMS: South Asia is an enigma for gastric cancer (GC) because it is a low risk region with a high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections. We evaluated the trend of GC clinical presentation and risk factors in patients with dyspeptic symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients, coded by the international classification of diseases (ICD-10-CM, 2015, Diagnosis Code C16.9) for malignancies of stomach diagnosed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and histopathology, were studied...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109704/nicotine-promotes-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-secretion-by-human-trophoblast-cells-under-hypoxic-conditions-and-improves-the-proliferation-and-tube-formation-capacity-of-human-umbilical-endothelial-cells
#14
Hongbo Zhao, Lanxiang Wu, Yahui Wang, Jiayi Zhou, Ruixia Li, Jiabing Zhou, Zehua Wang, Congjian Xu
Pre-eclampsia, characterized as defective uteroplacental vascularization, remains the major cause of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Previous epidemiological studies demonstrated that cigarette smoking reduced the risk of pre-eclampsia. However, the molecular mechanism remains elusive. In the present study, it is demonstrated that a low dose of nicotine decreased soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (sFlt1) secretion in human trophoblast cells under hypoxic conditions. Nicotine was then observed to promote vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion by reducing sFlt1 secretion and increasing VEGF mRNA transcription...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053661/psychological-morbidity-and-substance-use-among-patients-with-hypertension-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-survey-from-south-west-ethiopia
#15
Matiwos Soboka, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Markos Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Psychological morbidity and substance use disorders have been linked to cardiovascular diseases; affecting patients' medical outcome and quality of life. However, little is known about psychological morbidity and substance use among patients with hypertension in Ethiopia. Therefore, we aimed to assess psychological comorbidity and substance use among hypertensive patients in Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 396 hypertensive patients on follow-up at Jimma University Teaching Hospital in Ethiopia during the study period...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032084/prevalence-of-tobacco-use-and-its-contributing-factors-among-adolescents-in-bangladesh-results-from-a-population-based-study
#16
Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, A K M Mainuddin, Faiz Ahmed Bhuiyan, Kamrun Nahar Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is an alarming public health problem worldwide and causes significant morbidity and mortality. In many developing countries tobacco use starts at a relative younger age. However, data on tobacco use among adolescents in Bangladesh is scarce. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use and its contributing factors among adolescents in Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) Bangladesh 2007 which was a school-based survey of 2,135 students aged 13-15 years in grades 7-10...
October 2016: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942209/association-of-serum-ferritin-levels-with-smoking-and-lung-function-in-the-korean-adult-population-analysis-of-the-fourth-and-fifth-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#17
Chan Ho Lee, Eun Kyung Goag, Su Hwan Lee, Kyung Soo Chung, Ji Ye Jung, Moo Suk Park, Young Sam Kim, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Joo Han Song
BACKGROUND: Iron-catalyzed oxidative stress contributes to lung injury after exposure to various toxins, including cigarette smoke. An oxidant/antioxidant imbalance is considered to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of COPD. Ferritin is a key protein in iron homeostasis, and its capacity to oxidize and sequester the metal preventing iron prooxidant activity implicates its possible role in the alteration of antioxidant imbalance. We investigated the relationship among cigarette smoking, lung function, and serum ferritin concentration in a large cohort representative of the Korean adult population...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939322/two-populations-of-tspo-binding-sites-in-oral-cancer-scc-15-cells
#18
Avishai Gavish, Ella Krayzler, Rafael Nagler
Oral cancer mortality and morbidity rates remain high. The main inducer of oral cancer is cigarette smoke (CS). Translocator protein 18kDa (TSPO) was shown to play a role in carcinogenesis. We characterized TSPO binding sites in human oral cancer cell line SCC-15 and examined effect of CS on TSPO binding. We exposed SCC-15 human squamous cells to cigarette smoke. [(3)H]PK 11195 binding results were assessed in cells confluent for one day. To characterize the number of population sites, a custom written Matlab program compared Pearson linear correlation coefficients between all points in the Scatchard plot...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933153/improving-pneumococcal-vaccination-rates-of-medical-inpatients-in-urban-nepal-using-quality-improvement-measures
#19
Allison Bock, Kathan Chintamaneni, Lisa Rein, Tifany Frazer, Gyan Kayastha, Theodore MacKinney
Streptococcus pneumoniae infection is associated with high morbidity and mortality in low income countries. In Nepal, there is a high lung disease burden and incidence of pneumonia due to multiple factors including indoor air pollution, dust exposure, recurrent infections, and cigarette smoking. Despite the ready availability of effective pneumococcal vaccines (PNV), vaccine coverage rates remain suboptimal globally. Quality Improvement (QI) principles could be applied to improve compliance, but it is a virtually new technology in Nepal...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918872/exploring-the-potential-for-family-carers-to-support-people-with-mental-illness-to-stop-smoking
#20
Sharon Lawn, Jenny Bowman, Paula Wye, John Wiggers
Cigarette smoking poses significant health burdens for people with mental illness. They die sooner than they should, and smoking is a major contributor to their high rates of morbid chronic physical health conditions and early mortality, compared to the general population. Family carers provide important support to people with mental illness. However, family carers' perspectives of smoking by their family members with mental illness are largely absent from the research literature and from practice, despite smoking rates remaining high and quit rates remaining low for this population...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
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