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Cigarette AND morbidity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725319/autologous-stromal-vascular-fraction-in-the-intravenous-treatment-of-end-stage-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-phase-i-trial-of-safety-and-tolerability
#1
Kristin Comella, Jesus A Perez Blas, Tom Ichim, Javier Lopez, Jose Limon, Ruben Corral Moreno
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a consistently progressive, ultimately fatal disease for which no treatment exists capable of either reversing or even interrupting its course. It afflicts more than 5% of the population in many countries, and it accordingly represents the third most frequent cause of death in the US, where it accounts for more than 600 billion in health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. Adipose tissue contains within its stromal compartment a high abundance of adipose stem/stromal cells (ASCs), which can be readily separated from the adipocyte population by methods which require less than 2 h of processing time and yield a concentrated cellular preparation termed the stromal vascular fraction (SVF)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721134/osteoporosis-in-men
#2
REVIEW
Waldemar Misiorowski
Osteoporotic fractures are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among aging men. 30% of all hip fractures occur in men, and mortality resulting from not only the hip fracture, but also the spine and other major osteoporotic fractures, is significantly higher in men than in women. As in women, hypogonadism is the best documented risk factor for developing osteoporosis in men. In older men, testosterone levels are negatively correlated with the risk of fractures, and it seems that this age-related testosterone deficiency should not be considered as one of the many causes of secondary osteoporosis, rather one of the major and most important mechanisms of senile osteoporosis...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702864/tobacco-use-prevalence-and-outcomes-among-perinatal-patients-assessed-through-an-opt-out-cessation-and-follow-up-clinical-program
#3
Cole Buchanan, Georges J Nahhas, Constance Guille, K Michael Cummings, Cameron Wheeler, Erin A McClure
Purpose Cigarette smoking in the perinatal period is associated with costly morbidity and mortality for mother and infant, yet many women continue to smoke throughout their pregnancy and following delivery. This report describes tobacco use prevalence among perinatal smokers identified through an "opt-out" inpatient smoking cessation clinical service. Description Adult women admitted to the peripartum, delivery, and postpartum units at a large academic hospital were screened for tobacco use. Smokers were identified through their medical record and referred to a bedside consult and follow-up using an interactive voice response (IVR) system to assess smoking up to 30 days post-discharge...
July 12, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674465/graduated-sovereignty-and-global-governance-gaps-special-economic-zones-and-the-illicit-trade-in-tobacco-products
#4
Chris Holden
Illicit trade in tobacco products has been a significant problem globally for many years. It allows cigarettes to be sold far below their legal price and thus contributes to higher consumption, morbidity and mortality, and deprives state treasuries of a substantial amount of revenue. This article identifies special economic zones (SEZs), particularly free trade zones, as a key conduit for this illicit trade. The development of SEZs as weak points in the global governance architecture is explained with reference to the concept of 'graduated sovereignty', whereby the uniform management of territory by modern states has given way to a more spatially selective form of territorial governance, in which some slices of territory are more fully integrated into the world economy than others via various forms of differential regulation...
July 2017: Political Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664292/uric-acid-is-independent-cardiovascular-risk-factor-as-manifested-by-increased-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#5
Suad Hannawi, Issa AlSalmi, Ingrid Moller, Esperanza Naredo
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and morbidity, due to the combined effects of traditional and non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CV). A serum uric acid (SUA) level has been suggested as one of the non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Cardiovascular risk can be assessed by looking at the subclinical atherosclerosis such as ultrasound (US)-measured carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). This paper aimed to determine the role of SUA as a cardiovascular risk factor, along with the traditional cardiovascular risk factors and inflammation, among RA population...
June 30, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658608/cigarette-smoking-risk-reducing-beliefs-findings-from-the-united-states-health-information-national-trends-survey
#6
Annette R Kaufman, Kisha I Coa, Anh B Nguyen
Cigarette smoking risk-reducing beliefs are ideas that certain health promoting behaviors (e.g., exercise) may mitigate the risks associated with smoking. The objective of this study was to describe smoking risk-reducing beliefs and the belief that quitting can reduce the harmful effects of smoking among the U.S. adult population and the associations between these beliefs, current smoking status, and sociodemographics. Data were from the Health Information National Trends Survey 4 (HINTS 4) Cycles 3 and 4 (2013-2014; N=6862)...
June 26, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654804/fatal-and-non-fatal-burn-injuries-with-electrical-weapons-and-explosive-fumes
#7
Mark W Kroll, Mollie B Ritter, Howard E Williams
INTRODUCTION: While generally reducing morbidity and mortality, electrical weapons have risks associated with their usage, including eye injuries and falls. With the presence of explosive fumes or fuels there also exists the possibility of burn injury. METHODS: We searched for cases of fatal and non-fatal major burns with TASER(®) electrical weapon usage where there was a possibility that the weapon ignited the explosion. RESULTS: We confirmed 6 cases of fatal burn injury and 4 cases of major non-fatal burns out of 3...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642260/cigarette-smoke-disrupts-monolayer-integrity-by-altering-epithelial-cell-cell-adhesion-and-cortical-tension
#8
Kristine Nishida, Kieran A Brune, Nirupama Putcha, Pooja Mandke, Wanda K O'Neal, Danny Shade, Vasudha Srivastava, Menghen Wang, Hong Lam, Steven S An, M Bradley Drummond, Nadia N Hansel, Douglas N Robinson, Venkataramana K Sidhaye
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Cigarette smoke (CS) drives disease development and progression. The epithelial barrier is damaged by CS with increased monolayer permeability. However, the molecular changes that cause this barrier disruption and the interaction between adhesion proteins and the cytoskeleton are not well defined. We hypothesized that CS alters monolayer integrity by increasing cell contractility and decreasing cell adhesion in epithelia...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640563/-smoking-vaping-and-cardiovascular-risk-an-update
#9
Sofia Dalkou, Carole Clair
It is well known that tobacco smoking increases cardiovascular (CV) mortality and morbidity, however, smoking cessation is often neglected compared to other CV risk factors. Behavioral counseling as well as smoking cessation treatments are efficient and do not increase the risk of CV events when used for a defined duration. Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) contain potentially cardiotoxic substances but in lower concentrations than in cigarettes. The CV effect of ENDS is to date difficult to assess and depends on the type of device used and its mode of consumption...
June 7, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629277/addressing-tobacco-use-among-consumers-and-staff-at-behavioral-health-treatment-facilities-through-comprehensive-workplace-programming
#10
Hannah L Samaha, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, Cho Lam, William T Wilson, Bryce Kyburz, Tim Stacey, Teresa Williams, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco use is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States; cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco use. Smoking has become increasingly concentrated among individuals with behavioral health needs (e.g., persistent mental illness) and has led to increased morbidity and mortality in this group relative to the general population. Comprehensive tobacco-free workplace programs are effective in reducing tobacco use and cigarette smoke exposure among behavioral health consumers and the individuals who serve them...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624106/alcohol-use-and-smoking-after-liver-transplantation-complications-and-prevention
#11
REVIEW
José Ursic-Bedoya, Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Stéphanie Faure, Georges-Philippe Pageaux
The last thirty years have been very prosperous in the field of liver transplantation (LT), with great advances in organ conservation, surgical techniques, peri-operative management and long-term immunosuppression, resulting in improved patient and graft survival rates as well as quality of life. However, substance addiction after LT, namely alcohol and tobacco, results in short term morbidity together with medium and long-term mortality. The main consequences can be vascular (increased risk of hepatic artery thrombosis in smokers), hepatic (recurrent alcoholic cirrhosis in alcohol relapsers) and oncological (increased risk of malignancy in patients consuming tobacco and/or alcohol after LT)...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623035/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-to-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-an-adult-population-from-colombia
#12
Lorena Urbano, Eliana Portilla, Wilson Muñoz, Albert Hofman, Carlos H Sierra-Torres
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the most important cause of mortality in Latin America while peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is the third leading cause of atherosclerotic cardiovascular morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of PAD and the distribution of traditional CVD risk factors in a population from the Department of Cauca, Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a total of 10,000 subjects aged ≥40 years from 36 municipalities...
June 13, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609250/recognition-of-viral-rna-by-pattern-recognition-receptors-in-the-induction-of-innate-immunity-and-excessive-inflammation-during-respiratory-viral-infections
#13
Masaaki Okamoto, Hirotake Tsukamoto, Takahisa Kouwaki, Tsukasa Seya, Hiroyuki Oshiumi
The innate immune system is the first line of defense against virus infection that triggers the expression of type I interferon (IFN) and proinflammatory cytokines. Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns, resulting in the induction of innate immune responses. Viral RNA in endosomes is recognized by Toll-like receptors, and cytoplasmic viral RNA is recognized by RIG-I-like receptors. The host innate immune response is critical for protection against virus infection...
July 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577393/vaporised-nicotine-and-tobacco-harm-reduction-for-addressing-smoking-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-australian-hiv-health-practitioners-attitudes
#14
Stephanie K Bell, Gabriela Mena, Judith Dean, Mark Boyd, Charles Gilks, Coral Gartner
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV (PLHIV). Due to the limited success of standard abstinence-focused smoking cessation strategies in this population, there is growing interest in tobacco harm reduction (THR) approaches as an additional strategy to address these high smoking rates. This study explored the attitudes of health practitioners who provide healthcare to PLHIV towards THR. METHODS: 179 Australian health practitioners who provide healthcare to PLHIV completed an online survey that measured their attitudes towards THR approaches, including switching from cigarettes to e-cigarettes or vaporised nicotine products (VNPs)...
May 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558038/impact-of-cigarette-smoking-on-early-complications-after-liver-transplantation-a-single-center-experience-and-a-meta-analysis
#15
Qingshan Li, Yue Wang, Tao Ma, Xuemin Liu, Bo Wang, Zheng Wu, Yi Lv, Rongqian Wu
BACKGROUND: While studies have shown that cigarette smoking has negative implications on the long-term outcome following liver transplantation, its role in early complications is inconclusive. METHODS: The clinical data of 162 consecutive adult patients who underwent elective liver transplantation from January, 2012 to March, 2016 were analyzed. Patients were defined as active smokers, ex-smokers, or non-smokers on the basis of documentation at the time of liver transplantation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554728/multi-centre-study-on-cardiovascular-risk-management-on-patients-undergoing-aaa-surveillance
#16
A Saratzis, N Dattani, A Brown, J Shalhoub, D Bosanquet, D Sidloff, P Stather
BACKGROUND: The risk of cardiovascular events and death in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is high. Screening has been introduced to reduce AAA related mortality; however, after AAA diagnosis, cardiovascular modification may be as important to patient outcomes as surveillance. The aim of this study was to assess cardiovascular risk reduction in patients with small AAA. METHODS: Institutional approval was granted for The Vascular and Endovascular Research Network (VERN) to retrospectively collect data pertaining to cardiovascular risk reduction from four tertiary vascular units in England...
July 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551589/behavioral-change-in-response-to-a-statewide-tobacco-tax-increase-and-differences-across-socioeconomic-status
#17
Michael J Parks, John H Kingsbury, Raymond G Boyle, Kelvin Choi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is a leading behavioral risk factor for morbidity and mortality, and the tobacco epidemic disproportionately affects low-socioeconomic status (SES) populations. Taxation is effective for reducing cigarette use, and it is an effective population-based policy for reducing SES-related tobacco disparities. However, progress in implementing cigarette excise taxes has stalled across the United States, and there is a dearth of research on the full spectrum of behavioral shifts that result from taxes, particularly among low-SES populations...
October 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542119/current-tobacco-smoking-and-desire-to-quit-smoking-among-students-aged-13-15-years-global-youth-tobacco-survey-61-countries-2012-2015
#18
René A Arrazola, Indu B Ahluwalia, Eugene Pun, Isabel Garcia de Quevedo, Stephen Babb, Brian S Armour
Tobacco use is the world's leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality, resulting in nearly 6 million deaths each year (1). Smoked tobacco products, such as cigarettes and cigars, are the most common form of tobacco consumed worldwide (2), and most tobacco smokers begin smoking during adolescence (3). The health benefits of quitting are greater for persons who stop smoking at earlier ages; however, quitting smoking at any age has health benefits (4). CDC used the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) data from 61 countries across the six World Health Organization (WHO) regions from 2012 to 2015 to examine the prevalence of current tobacco smoking and desire to quit smoking among students aged 13-15 years...
May 26, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497980/the-association-between-cigarette-smoking-virologic-suppression-and%C3%A2-cd4-%C3%A2-lymphocyte-count-in-hiv-infected-russian-women
#19
Jennifer L Brown, Theresa Winhusen, Ralph J DiClemente, Jessica M Sales, Eve S Rose, Polina Safonova, Olga Levina, Nikolay Belyakov, Vadim V Rassokhin
Cigarette smoking among people living with HIV/AIDS is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, but findings regarding the association between cigarette smoking and HIV viral load and CD4+ lymphocyte counts have been inconsistent. This study characterized the prevalence of cigarette smoking among HIV-infected Russian women and examined the association between smoking frequency and quantity and HIV viral load and CD4+ lymphocyte counts. HIV-infected Russian women (N = 250; M age = 30.0) in St...
September 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479965/coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-outcomes-following-6-5-years-a-nested-case-control-study
#20
Leila Jahangiry, Mahdi Najafi, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in worldwide. This nested case-control study investigated the predictors of death in long-term follow-up after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: Cases were defined as CABG patients who died in the period of May 2006-March 2013. Controls were CABG patients who were alive in the same period. Cases and controls were derived from an existing cohort, Tehran Heart Center-Coronary Outcome Measurement...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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