keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cigarette AND mortality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144995/content-analysis-of-homeless-smokers-perspectives-on-established-and-alternative-smoking-interventions
#1
Susan E Collins, Victoria E Orfaly, Teresa Wu, Sunny Chang, Robert V Hardy, Amia Nash, Matthew B Jones, Leslie Mares, Emily M Taylor, Lonnie A Nelson, Seema L Clifasefi
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is 5 times more prevalent among homeless individuals than in the general population, and homeless individuals are disproportionately affected by smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Homeless smokers report interest in changing their smoking behavior; however, established smoking cessation interventions are neither desirable to nor highly effective for most members of this population. The aim of this study was to document homeless smokers' perceptions of established smoking interventions as well as self-generated, alternative smoking interventions to elucidate points for intervention enhancement...
November 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138548/e-cigarettes-in-patients-with-copd-current-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
J B Morjaria, E Mondati, R Polosa
Conventional cigarette smoking is known to result in significant COPD morbidity and mortality. Strategies to reduce and/or stop smoking in this highly vulnerable patient group are key public health priorities to reduce COPD morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, smoking cessation efforts in patients with COPD are poor and there is a compelling need for more efficient approaches to cessation for patients with COPD. Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are devices that use batteries to vaporize nicotine. They may facilitate quit attempts and cessation in many smokers...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126842/autoimmunity-and-copd-clinical-implications
#3
REVIEW
Gaetano Caramori, Paolo Ruggeri, Antonino Di Stefano, Sharon Mumby, Giuseppe Girbino, Ian M Adcock, Paul Kirkham
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Long term cigarette smoking is the cause of more than 90% of COPD in Westernized countries. However, only a fraction of chronic heavy smokers develop symptomatic COPD by the age of 80 years. COPD is characterized by an abnormal immune response in the lower airways and its progression is associated with infiltration of the lung by innate and adaptive inflammatory immune cells that form lymphoid follicles. There is growing evidence that both cellular- and antibody-mediated autoimmunity has a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of stable COPD...
November 7, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117747/substance-use-among-danish-psychiatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Tina Sørensen, Hans Søe Riis Jespersen, Maj Vinberg, Ulrik Becker, Ola Ekholm, Anders Fink-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychiatric disorders have a greater risk of mortality than the general population. Use or abuse of substances, including alcohol, play a crucial part in this context. Moreover, it is well known that drug use can worsen psychopathology and reduce treatment compliance. However, the magnitude of these problems among Danish psychiatric patients has not been studied previously. AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate substance use among psychiatric patients in the Capital Region of Denmark...
November 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096015/the-impact-of-smoking-on-expected-lifetime-with-and-without-chronic-disease-among-palestinian-men-in-the-west-bank
#5
Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Marie Jonassen, Amira Shaheen, Mohammed Duraidi, Khaled Qalalwa, Bernard Jeune
Background: The purpose of the study was to estimate life expectancy and the average lifetime with and without chronic disease among male never smokers, ex-smokers and smokers living in the West Bank of the occupied Palestinian territory. Methods: The study used a life table for the West Bank male population and Danish relative risk estimates for death for smokers and ex-smokers vs. never smokers and utilized data from the Palestinian Family Survey 2010. Expected lifetime with and without chronic disease was estimated and the contributions from the mortality and the morbidity effect to smoking related difference in average lifetime with and without chronic disease were assessed by decomposition...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092902/dose-response-relationship-between-cigarette-smoking-and-site-specific-cancer-risk-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-an-original-design-combining-umbrella-and-traditional-reviews
#6
Alessandra Lugo, Cristina Bosetti, Giulia Peveri, Matteo Rota, Vincenzo Bagnardi, Silvano Gallus
INTRODUCTION: Only a limited number of meta-analyses providing risk curve functions of dose-response relationships between various smoking-related variables and cancer-specific risk are available. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: To identify all relevant original publications on the issue, we will conduct a series of comprehensive systematic reviews based on three subsequent literature searches: (1) an umbrella review, to identify meta-analyses, pooled analyses and systematic reviews published before 28 April 2017 on the association between cigarette smoking and the risk of 28 (namely all) malignant neoplasms; (2) for each cancer site, an updated review of original publications on the association between cigarette smoking and cancer risk, starting from the last available comprehensive review identified through the umbrella review; and (3) a review of all original articles on the association between cigarette smoking and site-specific cancer risk included in the publications identified through the umbrella review and the updated reviews...
November 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091709/bi-cultural-dynamics-for-risk-and-protective-factors-for-cardiometabolic-health-in-an-alaska-native-yup-ik-population
#7
Jacques Philip, Tove K Ryman, Scarlett E Hopkins, Diane M O'Brien, Andrea Bersamin, Jeremy Pomeroy, Kenneth E Thummel, Melissa A Austin, Bert B Boyer, Kirk Dombrowski
Alaska Native people experience disparities in mortality from heart disease and stroke. This work attempts to better understand the relationships between socioeconomic, behavioral, and cardiometabolic risk factors among Yup'ik people of southwestern Alaska, with a focus on the role of the socioeconomic, and cultural components. Using a cross-sectional sample of 486 Yup'ik adults, we fitted a Partial Least Squares Path Model (PLS-PM) to assess the associations between components, including demographic factors [age and gender], socioeconomic factors [education, economic status, Yup'ik culture, and Western culture], behavioral factors [diet, cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco use, and physical activity], and cardiometabolic risk factors [adiposity, triglyceride-HDL and LDL lipids, glycemia, and blood pressure]...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091081/protective-role-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-in-cigarette-smoke-and-influenza-infection
#8
M J Hong, B H Gu, M C Madison, C Landers, H Y Tung, M Kim, X Yuan, R You, A A Machado, B E Gilbert, P Soroosh, M Elloso, L Song, M Chen, D B Corry, G Diehl, F Kheradmand
Airborne pathogens commonly trigger severe respiratory failure or death in smokers with lung disease. Cigarette smoking compromises the effectiveness of innate immunity against infections but the underlying mechanisms responsible for defective acquired immune responses in smokers remains less clear. We found that mice exposed to chronic cigarette smoke recovered poorly from primary Influenza A pneumonia with reduced type I and II interferons (IFNs) and viral-specific immunoglobulins, but recruited γδ T cells to the lungs that predominantly expressed interleukin 17A (IL-17A)...
November 1, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082788/prevalence-and-predictors-of-food-insecurity-among-people-living-with-hiv-affiliated-with-aids-service-organizations-in-ontario-canada
#9
Tsegaye Bekele, Jason Globerman, James Watson, Murray Jose-Boebridge, Richard Kennedy, Keith Hambly, Aranka Anema, Robert S Hogg, Sean B Rourke
Up to half of people living with HIV in resource-rich settings experience moderate to severe food insecurity. Food insecurity, in turn, has been linked to adverse health outcomes including poor antiretroviral adherence, poor HIV viral suppression, frailty, and mortality. We estimated the prevalence of food insecurity among 649 adults living with HIV and recruited from community-based AIDS service organizations in Ontario, Canada. Food security was assessed using the Canadian Household Food Security module. We used logistic regression modeling to identify demographic, socioeconomic, and psychosocial factors independently associated with food insecurity...
October 28, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081655/mesenchymal-stromal-cell-therapy-in-copd-from-bench-to-bedside
#10
REVIEW
Mariana A Antunes, José Roberto Lapa E Silva, Patricia Rm Rocco
COPD is the most frequent chronic respiratory disease and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The major risk factor for COPD development is cigarette smoke, and the most efficient treatment for COPD is smoking cessation. However, even after smoking cessation, inflammation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress may persist and continue contributing to disease progression. Although current therapies for COPD (primarily based on anti-inflammatory agents) contribute to the reduction of airway obstruction and minimize COPD exacerbations, none can avoid disease progression or reduce mortality...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076779/cigarette-smoking-and-outcomes-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-nationwide-analysis
#11
Hormuzdiyar H Dasenbrock, Robert F Rudy, Pui Man Rosalind Lai, Timothy R Smith, Kai U Frerichs, William B Gormley, M Ali Aziz-Sultan, Rose Du
OBJECTIVE Although cigarette smoking is one of the strongest risk factors for cerebral aneurysm development and rupture, there are limited data evaluating the impact of smoking on outcomes after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Additionally, two recent studies suggested that nicotine replacement therapy was associated with improved neurological outcomes among smokers who had sustained an SAH compared with smokers who did not receive nicotine. METHODS Patients who underwent endovascular or microsurgical repair of a ruptured cerebral aneurysm were extracted from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS, 2009-2011) and stratified by cigarette smoking...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070563/low-serum-%C3%AF-3-and-%C3%AF-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-other-metabolites-are-associated-with-poor-linear-growth-in-young-children-from-rural-malawi
#12
Richard D Semba, Indi Trehan, Ximin Li, Norman Salem, Ruin Moaddel, M Isabel Ordiz, Kenneth M Maleta, Klaus Kraemer, Mark J Manary
Background: Stunting affects ∼25% of children <5 y of age and is associated with impaired cognitive and motor development and increased morbidity and mortality. The pathogenesis of stunting is poorly understood.Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify altered metabolic pathways associated with child stunting.Design: We measured 677 serum metabolites using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in a cross-sectional study of 400 Malawian children aged 12-59 mo, of whom 62% were stunted...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067900/health-risk-transition-and-low-mortality-patterns-among-a-national-cohort-of-aspirational-thai-open-university-students
#13
Matthew Kelly, Chalapati Rao, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
In the last 50 years Thailand has achieved advanced demographic and health transitions. Many infectious diseases are controlled and infant and maternal mortality rates are among the lowest in the region. Within such a low mortality setting, however, substantial variations in health persist, with education being a major driver. This paper assesses the ongoing mortality transition in Thailand, examining relationships between risk factors and mortality outcomes among a large nationwide cohort of distance-learning Open University students, as well as examining the differential mortality benefit enjoyed by this educated group when compared with the general Thai population...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067126/early-surgery-increases-mitochondrial-dna-release-and-lung-injury-in-a-model-of-elderly-hip-fracture-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Jianzheng Zhang, Juan Wang, Xiaowei Wang, Zhi Liu, Jixin Ren, Tiansheng Sun
Hip fractures are one of the most common injuries in elderly individuals and are associated with a high incidence of complications and mortality. Clinical guidelines recommend early reparative surgery within 24-48 h from hospital admission; however, it is currently unknown whether this principle of early surgery is applicable for patients with hip fracture and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To investigate the systemic inflammatory response and lung injury as a result early surgery in elderly patients with hip fracture and COPD, a COPD model was created, by daily exposure to cigarette smoke, and evaluated...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060983/-a-22-year-follow-up-cohort-study-on-primary-liver-cancer-in-haimen-city-of-jiangsu-province
#15
P X Huang, N Wang, J H Qian, F Jiang, Y L Yang, W Y Lin, Q Zhao, G M Zhao, Q W Jiang
Objective: A prospective cohort study was carried out to assess the mortality and potential risk factors for primary liver cancer (PLC) in Haimen city of Jiangsu province. Methods: The cohort involved 89 789 adult residents aged 25-69 years. Upon the entry of this project, each subject was asked to complete a questionnaire and to provide a blood sample of 10 ml. Surface antigen of hepatitis B virus (HBsAg) was tested by radioimmunoassay. All the subjects were followed-up every year for vital statistics and death certificate information until 2014...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059423/u-s-adult-cigar-smoking-patterns-purchasing-behaviors-and-reasons-for-use-according-to-cigar-type-findings-from-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-14
#16
Catherine G Corey, Enver Holder-Hayes, Anh B Nguyen, Cristine D Delnevo, Brian L Rostron, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Heather L Kimmel, Amber Koblitz, Elizabeth Lambert, Jennifer L Pearson, Eva Sharma, Cindy Tworek, Andrew J Hyland, Kevin P Conway, Bridget K Ambrose, Nicolette Borek
Introduction: The U.S. cigar market is diverse, yet until recently most research studies and tobacco surveillance systems have not reported behavioral and related outcomes by cigar type. Methods: The 2013-14 Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study collected data separately for filtered cigars (FCs), cigarillos and traditional cigars, which were further distinguished as premium or non-premium. Descriptive statistics for adult established current smokers of each cigar type and cigarettes were calculated for demographic characteristics, tobacco use patterns, purchasing behaviors and reasons for use...
September 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059417/brief-web-based-interventions-for-young-adult-smokers-with-severe-mental-illnesses-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#17
Mary F Brunette, Joelle C Ferron, Delbert Robinson, Daniel Coletti, Pamela Geiger, Timothy Devitt, Vanessa Klodnick, Jennifer Gottlieb, Haiyi Xie, Mary Ann Greene, Douglas Ziedonis, Robert E Drake, Gregory J McHugo
Significance: About 50% of young adults with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and other severe mental illnesses smoke tobacco, but few studies have evaluated interventions for this group. Methods: We conducted a randomized pilot study among 58 young adult smokers with severe mental illnesses comparing a brief interactive web-based motivational tool, Let's Talk About Smoking, to computerized standard education from the National Cancer Institute. An additional 23 subjects received minimal tobacco assessment at baseline and no intervention, providing a comparison condition for naturalistic cessation behavior...
October 14, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059340/trajectories-of-responses-to-pictorial-cigarette-pack-warnings
#18
Humberto Parada, Marissa G Hall, Marcella H Boynton, Noel T Brewer
Background: Pictorial warnings on cigarette packs are a cost-effective policy-level intervention for smoking cessation; however, little research has examined changes in the impact of warnings over time, especially shortly following the first exposure to pictorial warnings. We sought to characterize the trajectories of responses to pictorial cigarette pack warnings soon after first exposure. Methods: Participants were 2,149 adult smokers in North Carolina and California, United States...
August 18, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056801/life-course-changes-in-smoking-by-gender-and-education-a-cohort-comparison-across-france-and-the-united-states
#19
Fred C Pampel, Damien Bricard, Myriam Khlat, Stéphane Legleye
Widening of educational disparities and a narrowing female advantage in mortality stem in good part from disparities in smoking. The changes in smoking and mortality disparities across cohorts and countries have been explained by an epidemic model of cigarette use but are also related to life course changes. To better describe and understand changing disparities over the life course, we compare age patterns of smoking in three cohorts and two nations (France and the United States) using smoking history measures from the 2010 French Health Barometer (N = 20,940) and the 2010 U...
June 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024622/smoking-cessation-efforts-by-u-s-adult-smokers-with-medical-comorbidities
#20
Sara Kalkhoran, Gina R Kruse, Yuchiao Chang, Nancy A Rigotti
BACKGROUND: Continued cigarette smoking by individuals with chronic medical diseases can adversely impact their symptoms, disease progression, and mortality. We assessed the association between medical comorbidities and smoking cessation efforts among U.S. adult smokers. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 12,494 past-year cigarette smokers age ≥18 years from Wave 1 (2013-2014) of the nationally-representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
keyword
keyword
37883
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"