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Cigarette AND mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630083/are-fire-safe-cigarettes-actually-fire-safe-evidence-from-changes-in-us-state-laws
#1
Carl Bonander, Niklas Jakobsson, Finn Nilson
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of fire safe cigarette laws on fire mortality and cigarette-related fires in the USA. METHODS: We examined the gradual implementation of the laws to identify their average effects, using difference-in-differences analysis to account for common year effects, time-invariant state effects, state-specific trends and observable time-varying state-level covariates. RESULTS: We found no statistically significant effects on all-cause fire mortality, residential fire mortality or cigarette-caused fire rates...
June 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629277/addressing-tobacco-use-among-consumers-and-staff-at-behavioral-health-treatment-facilities-through-comprehensive-workplace-programming
#2
Hannah L Samaha, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, Cho Lam, William T Wilson, Bryce Kyburz, Tim Stacey, Teresa Williams, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco use is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States; cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco use. Smoking has become increasingly concentrated among individuals with behavioral health needs (e.g., persistent mental illness) and has led to increased morbidity and mortality in this group relative to the general population. Comprehensive tobacco-free workplace programs are effective in reducing tobacco use and cigarette smoke exposure among behavioral health consumers and the individuals who serve them...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624106/alcohol-use-and-smoking-after-liver-transplantation-complications-and-prevention
#3
REVIEW
José Ursic-Bedoya, Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Stéphanie Faure, Georges-Philippe Pageaux
The last thirty years have been very prosperous in the field of liver transplantation (LT), with great advances in organ conservation, surgical techniques, peri-operative management and long-term immunosuppression, resulting in improved patient and graft survival rates as well as quality of life. However, substance addiction after LT, namely alcohol and tobacco, results in short term morbidity together with medium and long-term mortality. The main consequences can be vascular (increased risk of hepatic artery thrombosis in smokers), hepatic (recurrent alcoholic cirrhosis in alcohol relapsers) and oncological (increased risk of malignancy in patients consuming tobacco and/or alcohol after LT)...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623035/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-to-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-an-adult-population-from-colombia
#4
Lorena Urbano, Eliana Portilla, Wilson Muñoz, Albert Hofman, Carlos H Sierra-Torres
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the most important cause of mortality in Latin America while peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is the third leading cause of atherosclerotic cardiovascular morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of PAD and the distribution of traditional CVD risk factors in a population from the Department of Cauca, Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a total of 10,000 subjects aged ≥40 years from 36 municipalities...
June 13, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609250/recognition-of-viral-rna-by-pattern-recognition-receptors-in-the-induction-of-innate-immunity-and-excessive-inflammation-during-respiratory-viral-infections
#5
Masaaki Okamoto, Hirotake Tsukamoto, Takahisa Kouwaki, Tsukasa Seya, Hiroyuki Oshiumi
The innate immune system is the first line of defense against virus infection that triggers the expression of type I interferon (IFN) and proinflammatory cytokines. Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns, resulting in the induction of innate immune responses. Viral RNA in endosomes is recognized by Toll-like receptors, and cytoplasmic viral RNA is recognized by RIG-I-like receptors. The host innate immune response is critical for protection against virus infection...
June 13, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608916/value-and-application-of-trimodality-therapy-or-definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-in-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Wei-Cheng Lin, Yi-Fang Ding, Han-Lin Hsu, Jer-Hwa Chang, Kevin Sheng-Po Yuan, Alexander T H Wu, Jyh-Ming Chow, Chia-Lun Chang, Shee-Uan Chen, Szu-Yuan Wu
BACKGROUND: Few large, prospective, randomized studies have investigated the value and optimal application of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery (trimodality therapy) or definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC). METHODS: The authors analyzed data from patients with TESCC in the Taiwan Cancer Registry database. To compare their outcomes, patients with TESCC were enrolled and categorized into the following groups according to treatment modality: group 1, those who underwent surgery alone; group 2, those who received trimodality therapy; and group 3, those who received definitive CCRT...
June 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602053/effectiveness-of-gastric-cancer-screening-on-gastric-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-a-community-based-prospective-cohort
#7
Heewon Kim, Yunji Hwang, Hokyung Sung, Jieun Jang, Choonghyun Ahn, Sang Gyun Kim, Keun-Young Yoo, Sue K Park
Purpose: This study was performed to investigate the effectiveness of GC screening methods in a community-based prospective cohort of the Korean Multi-center Cancer Cohort (KMCC) with over a 10-year follow-up. Materials and Methods: A total 10,909 and 4,773 subjects from the KMCC with information on GE and UGIS were included in this study. Cox proportional hazard model adjusted for age, sex, Helicobacter pylori infection, cigarette smoking, and alcohol drinking was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence interval (CI)...
June 9, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598779/preclinical-biomarker-associations-with-both-incident-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-its-subsequent-mortality-sex-effects-in-a-41-year-community-based-case-control-cohort-study
#8
Alfonse T Masi, Azeem A Rehman, Laura C Jorgenson, Jean C Aldag
OBJECTIVES: To identify sex effects and preclinical serum biomarker associations with both incident rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and its subsequent mortality, using a 41-year, community-based, case-control cohort. METHODS: After cohort entry in 1974, incident RA cases (n=54) had clinical onsets between 1977 and 1994. Cohort control (CN) subjects were individually matched on entry to cases (4 CN:1 RA, n=216). All subjects were followed for survival from 1995 through 2015...
June 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588790/ibuprofen-and-fatal-lung-cancer-a-brief-report-of-the-prospective-results-from-the-third-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-iii
#9
Marisa A Bittoni, David P Carbone, Randall E Harris
Chronic inflammation appears to increase the risk of lung cancer and, reciprocally, agents that reduce inflammation have been found to reduce this risk. However, few prospective studies have assessed whether there exists an association between lung cancer and the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In the present study, the association between fatal lung cancer and NSAIDs was investigated using cohort data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (NHANES III). Baseline data were collected on smoking, NSAID use and other lifestyle factors for 10,735 participants during 1988-1994, with cause-specific mortality status ascertained through probabilistic record matching based on the National Death Index until 2006...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585126/long-term-trends-and-predictors-of-smoking-behaviors-among-men-following-first-ever-ischemic-stroke
#10
Li-Sha Hou, Xu-Dong Du, Ji-Jie Li, Ping Zhu, Pei-Jing Yan, Feng-Yu Zhan, Mu-Ke Zhou, Cai-Rong Zhu
Continued smoking following stroke is associated with adverse outcomes including increased risk of mortality and secondary stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the long-term trends in smoking behaviors and factors associated with smoking relapse among men who survived their first-ever stroke. Data collection for this longitudinal study was conducted at baseline through face-to-face interviews and follow-up was completed every 3 months via telephone, beginning in 2010 and continuing through 2014. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to identify predictors of smoking relapse behavior...
June 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584584/outcomes-of-middle-eastern-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-the-primary-analysis-of-the-first-jordanian-pci-registry
#11
Imad A Alhaddad, Ramzi Tabbalat, Yousef Khader, Eyas Al-Mousa, Mahmoud Izraiq, Assem Nammas, Mohammad Jarrah, Akram Saleh, Ayman Hammoudeh
AIM: This is a prospective multicenter registry designed to evaluate the incidence of adverse cardiovascular events in Middle Eastern patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). The registry was also designed to determine the predictors of poor outcomes in such patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 2426 consecutive patients who underwent PCI at 12 tertiary care centers in Jordan between January 2013 and February 2014. A case report form was used to record data prospectively at hospital admission, discharge, and 12 months of follow-up...
January 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580707/a-classifier-integrating-plasma-biomarkers-and-radiological-characteristics-for-distinguishing-malignant-from-benign-pulmonary-nodules
#12
Yanli Lin, Qixin Leng, Zhengran Jiang, Maria A Guarnera, Yun Zhou, Xueqi Chen, Heping Wang, Wenxian Zhou, Ling Cai, HongBin Fang, Jie Li, Hairong Jin, Linghui Wang, Shaoqiong Yi, Wei Lu, David Evers, Carol B Fowle, Yun Su, Feng Jiang
Lung cancer is primarily caused by cigarette smoking and the leading cancer killer in the USA and across the world. Early detection of lung cancer by low-dose CT (LDCT) can reduce the mortality. However, LDCT dramatically increases the number of indeterminate pulmonary nodules (PNs), leading to overdiagnosis. Having a definitive preoperative diagnosis of malignant PNs is clinically important. Using microarray and droplet digital PCR to directly profile plasma miRNA expressions of 135 patients with PNs, we identified 11 plasma miRNAs that displayed a significant difference between patients with malignant versus benign PNs...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579495/healthy-lifestyle-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-in-young-and-healthy-adults-a-population-based-study
#13
Philipp Krisai, Stefanie Aeschbacher, Francisco Javier Ruperti Repilado, Tobias Schoen, Andreas Reusser, Manuel Meier, John Todd, Joel Estis, Martin Risch, Lorenz Risch, David Conen
A healthy lifestyle is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, but underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationships between a healthy lifestyle and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), an incretin hormone with both glycemic and cardiovascular properties. Healthy participants aged 25-41years without cardiovascular disease, diabetes or a body mass index (BMI) >35kg/m(2) were enrolled in a population-based study. The following metrics were used to build a lifestyle score ranging from 0 to 7 (a higher score indicating a healthier lifestyle): blood pressure (BP) (<120/80mmHg), plasma levels of glycated hemoglobin (<5...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577393/vaporised-nicotine-and-tobacco-harm-reduction-for-addressing-smoking-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-australian-hiv-health-practitioners-attitudes
#14
Stephanie K Bell, Gabriela Mena, Judith Dean, Mark Boyd, Charles Gilks, Coral Gartner
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV (PLHIV). Due to the limited success of standard abstinence-focused smoking cessation strategies in this population, there is growing interest in tobacco harm reduction (THR) approaches as an additional strategy to address these high smoking rates. This study explored the attitudes of health practitioners who provide healthcare to PLHIV towards THR. METHODS: 179 Australian health practitioners who provide healthcare to PLHIV completed an online survey that measured their attitudes towards THR approaches, including switching from cigarettes to e-cigarettes or vaporised nicotine products (VNPs)...
May 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572887/association-between-weight-changes-after-smoking-cessation-and-cardiovascular-disease-among-the-korean-population
#15
Eun Ha Kim, Hyejin Lee, Dong Wook Shin, Jae Moon Yun, Jung-Hyun Shin, Yoo Kyoung Lim, Hye Yeon Koo, Miso Jang
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and has both beneficial and harmful effects in CVD. We hypothesized that weight gain following smoking cessation does not attenuate the CVD mortality of smoking cessation in the general Korean population. METHODS: Study subjects comprised 2.2% randomly selected patients from the Korean National Health Insurance Corporation, between 2002 and 2013. We identified 61,055 subjects who were classified as current smokers in 2003-2004...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558038/impact-of-cigarette-smoking-on-early-complications-after-liver-transplantation-a-single-center-experience-and-a-meta-analysis
#16
Qingshan Li, Yue Wang, Tao Ma, Xuemin Liu, Bo Wang, Zheng Wu, Yi Lv, Rongqian Wu
BACKGROUND: While studies have shown that cigarette smoking has negative implications on the long-term outcome following liver transplantation, its role in early complications is inconclusive. METHODS: The clinical data of 162 consecutive adult patients who underwent elective liver transplantation from January, 2012 to March, 2016 were analyzed. Patients were defined as active smokers, ex-smokers, or non-smokers on the basis of documentation at the time of liver transplantation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554728/multi-centre-study-on-cardiovascular-risk-management-on-patients-undergoing-aaa-surveillance
#17
A Saratzis, N Dattani, A Brown, J Shalhoub, D Bosanquet, D Sidloff, P Stather
BACKGROUND: The risk of cardiovascular events and death in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is high. Screening has been introduced to reduce AAA related mortality; however, after AAA diagnosis, cardiovascular modification may be as important to patient outcomes as surveillance. The aim of this study was to assess cardiovascular risk reduction in patients with small AAA. METHODS: Institutional approval was granted for The Vascular and Endovascular Research Network (VERN) to retrospectively collect data pertaining to cardiovascular risk reduction from four tertiary vascular units in England...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551589/behavioral-change-in-response-to-a-statewide-tobacco-tax-increase-and-differences-across-socioeconomic-status
#18
Michael J Parks, John H Kingsbury, Raymond G Boyle, Kelvin Choi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is a leading behavioral risk factor for morbidity and mortality, and the tobacco epidemic disproportionately affects low-socioeconomic status (SES) populations. Taxation is effective for reducing cigarette use, and it is an effective population-based policy for reducing SES-related tobacco disparities. However, progress in implementing cigarette excise taxes has stalled across the United States, and there is a dearth of research on the full spectrum of behavioral shifts that result from taxes, particularly among low-SES populations...
May 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546848/estimation-of-maximal-oxygen-consumption-and-heart-rate-recovery-using-the-tecumseh-sub-maximal-step-test-and-their-relationship-to-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#19
Alun D Hughes, Nish Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: Maximum aerobic capacity (VO2max) is associated with lower cardiovascular and total mortality. Step tests can be used to provide an estimate of (VO2max) in epidemiological or home-based studies. We compared different methods of estimation of VO2max and heart rate recovery and evaluated the relationship of these estimates with cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Data were analysed from 2286 participants in the Tecumseh Community Health Study (>16y and <70y) who performed a step test...
June 2017: Artery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542119/current-tobacco-smoking-and-desire-to-quit-smoking-among-students-aged-13-15-years-global-youth-tobacco-survey-61-countries-2012-2015
#20
René A Arrazola, Indu B Ahluwalia, Eugene Pun, Isabel Garcia de Quevedo, Stephen Babb, Brian S Armour
Tobacco use is the world's leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality, resulting in nearly 6 million deaths each year (1). Smoked tobacco products, such as cigarettes and cigars, are the most common form of tobacco consumed worldwide (2), and most tobacco smokers begin smoking during adolescence (3). The health benefits of quitting are greater for persons who stop smoking at earlier ages; however, quitting smoking at any age has health benefits (4). CDC used the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) data from 61 countries across the six World Health Organization (WHO) regions from 2012 to 2015 to examine the prevalence of current tobacco smoking and desire to quit smoking among students aged 13-15 years...
May 26, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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