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Cigarette AND mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918872/exploring-the-potential-for-family-carers-to-support-people-with-mental-illness-to-stop-smoking
#1
Sharon Lawn, Jenny Bowman, Paula Wye, John Wiggers
Cigarette smoking poses significant health burdens for people with mental illness. They die sooner than they should, and smoking is a major contributor to their high rates of morbid chronic physical health conditions and early mortality, compared to the general population. Family carers provide important support to people with mental illness. However, family carers' perspectives of smoking by their family members with mental illness are largely absent from the research literature and from practice, despite smoking rates remaining high and quit rates remaining low for this population...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918784/association-of-long-term-low-intensity-smoking-with-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-national-institutes-of-health-aarp-diet-and-health-study
#2
Maki Inoue-Choi, Linda M Liao, Carolyn Reyes-Guzman, Patricia Hartge, Neil Caporaso, Neal D Freedman
Importance: A growing proportion of US smokers now smoke fewer than 10 cigarettes per day (CPD), and that proportion will likely rise in the future. The health effects of smoking only a few CPD over one's lifetime are less understood than are the effects of heavier smoking, although many smokers believe that their level is modest. Objective: To evaluate the associations of long-term smoking of fewer than 1 or 1 to 10 CPD (low intensity) with all-cause and cause-specific mortality compared with never smoking cigarettes...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914770/cigarette-smoking-and-mortality-in-adults-aged-70-years-and-older-results-from-the-nih-aarp-cohort
#3
Sarah H Nash, Linda M Liao, Tamara B Harris, Neal D Freedman
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use remains a leading modifiable cause of cancer incidence and premature mortality in the U.S. and globally. Despite increasing life expectancy worldwide, less is known about the effects of cigarette smoking on older populations. This study sought to determine the effects of smoking on mortality in older age. METHODS: Associations of mortality with self-reported age at smoking cessation, age at smoking initiation, and amount smoked after age 70 years were examined in 160,113 participants of the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study aged >70 years...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906087/legionella-pneumonia-in-the-niagara-region-ontario-canada-a-case-series
#4
Stephanie Cargnelli, Jeff Powis, Jennifer L Y Tsang
BACKGROUND: Legionella pneumophila, a major cause of Legionnaires' disease, accounts for 2-15 % of all community-acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization and up to 30 % of community-acquired pneumonia requiring intensive care unit admission. Early initiation of appropriate antimicrobial therapy is a crucial step in the prevention of morbidity and mortality. However, recognition of Legionnaires' disease continues to be challenging because of its nonspecific clinical features. We sought to describe hospitalized community-acquired Legionnaires' disease to increase awareness of this important and potentially lethal disease...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890515/patterns-of-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-among-u-s-young-adults-2013-2014
#5
Ramzi G Salloum, James F Thrasher, Kayla R Getz, Tracey E Barnett, Taghrid Asfar, Wasim Maziak
INTRODUCTION: Patterns of waterpipe smoking and associated other tobacco use were assessed among U.S. young adults (aged 18-24 years). METHODS: A descriptive analysis of baseline data (2013-2014) from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study was conducted in 2016. RESULTS: The study included 9,119 young adults-44% ever and 11% past-30 day waterpipe smokers (12% of men and 9% of women were past-30 day smokers). Among past-30 day smokers, waterpipe smoking frequency was distributed as follows: 4% daily, 23% weekly, 36% monthly, and 37% less than monthly...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885562/respiratory-syncytial-virus-and-influenza-are-the-key-viral-pathogens-in-children-2%C3%A2-years-hospitalized-with-bronchiolitis-and-pneumonia-in-islamabad-pakistan
#6
Uzma Bashir, Nadia Nisar, Yasir Arshad, Muhammad Masroor Alam, Asiya Ashraf, Hajra Sadia, Birjees Mazher Kazi, Syed Sohail Zahoor Zaidi
Pneumonia remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Comprehensive surveillance data are needed to review the prevention and control strategies. We conducted active surveillance of acute lower respiratory infections among children aged <2 years hospitalized at two hospitals of Islamabad, Pakistan. Viral etiology was determined using real-time PCR on respiratory specimens collected during March 2011-April 2012. The overall mean age was 7.83 ± 5.25 months while no statistical difference between age or sex distribution of patients with positive and negative viral etiology (p > 0...
November 24, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885307/epidemiology-of-testicular-cancer-in-oklahoma-and-the-united-states
#7
Shannon Smith, Amanda Janitz, Janis Campbell
Testicular cancer is a rare cause of morbidity and mortality in the US. Marked disparities in the development of this cancer exist, with testicular cancer being more common in Caucasian men and men of higher socioeconomic status. The incidence of testicular cancer is increasing worldwide, and the reasons for this have not been well documented. It has been proposed that this increase may be due to highly prevalent environmental factors, or from exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls, polyvinyl chloride, cigarette smoking, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881962/cigarette-smoking-induced-cardiac-hypertrophy-vascular-inflammation-and-injury-are-attenuated-by-antioxidant-supplementation-in-an-animal-model
#8
Moustafa Al Hariri, Kazem Zibara, Wissam Farhat, Yasmine Hashem, Nadia Soudani, Farah Al Ibrahim, Eva Hamade, Asad Zeidan, Ahmad Husari, Firas Kobeissy
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cigarette smoking remains a global health epidemic with associated detrimental effects on the cardiovascular system. In this work, we investigated the effects of cigarette smoke exposure on cardiovascular system in an animal model. The study then evaluated the effects of antioxidants (AO), represented by pomegranate juice, on cigarette smoke induced cardiovascular injury. This study aims at evaluating the effect of pomegranate juice supplementation on the cardiovascular system of an experimental rat model of smoke exposure...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872345/hazards-of-cigarettes-smokeless-tobacco-and-waterpipe-in-a-middle-eastern-population-a-cohort-study-of-50%C3%A2-000-individuals-from-iran
#9
Arash Etemadi, Hooman Khademi, Farin Kamangar, Neal D Freedman, Christian C Abnet, Paul Brennan, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the hazards of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and waterpipe in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to determine the association between different types of tobacco use and earlier death in the Golestan Cohort Study. METHODS: The Study includes 50 045 adults (aged 40-75 years) from north eastern Iran. The baseline questionnaire (2004-2008) assessed information about use of cigarettes, chewing tobacco (nass) and waterpipe...
November 21, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867578/relationships-between-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-lung-cancer-biological-insights
#10
REVIEW
Esther Barreiro, Víctor Bustamante, Víctor Curull, Joaquim Gea, José Luis López-Campos, Xavier Muñoz
Lung cancer (LC) has become one of the leading causes of preventable death in the last few decades. Cigarette smoking (CS) stays as the main etiologic factor of LC despite that many other causes such as occupational exposures, air pollution, asbestos, or radiation have also been implicated. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which also represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries, exhibit a significantly greater risk of LC. The study of the underlying biological mechanisms that may predispose patients with chronic respiratory diseases to a higher incidence of LC has also gained much attention in the last few years...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866028/lifetime-competing-risks-between-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-and-other-causes-of-death-during-50years-of-follow-up
#11
Paolo Emilio Puddu, Paolo Piras, Alessandro Menotti
OBJECTIVES: To study coronary heart disease (CHD) death versus 11 other causes of death using the cumulative incidence function (CIF) and the competing risks procedures to disentangle the differential role of risk factors for different end-points. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Standard Cox and Fine-Gray models among 1712 middle-aged men were compared during 50years of follow-up. CHD death was the primary event, while deaths from 11 selected causes, mutually exclusive from the primary end-point, were considered as secondary events...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863414/smoking-increases-risks-of-all-cause-and-breast-cancer-specific-mortality-in-breast-cancer-individuals-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies-involving-39725-breast-cancer-cases
#12
Kang Wang, Feng Li, Xiang Zhang, Zhuyue Li, Hongyuan Li
Smoking is associated with the risks of mortality from breast cancer (BC) or all causes in BC survivors. Two-stage dose-response meta-analysis was conducted. A search of PubMed and Embase was performed, and a random-effect model was used to yield summary hazard ratios (HRs). Eleven prospective cohort studies were included. The summary HR per 10 cigarettes/day, 10 pack-years, 10 years increase were 1.10 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.04-1.16), 1.09 (95% CI = 1.06-1.12), 1.10 (95% CI = 1.06-1.14) for BC specific mortality, and 1...
November 15, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860281/counting-up-the-risks-how-common-are-risk-factors-for-morbidity-and-mortality-in-young-people-with-psychosis
#13
Lisa Anne Hahn, Andrew Mackinnon, Debra L Foley, Vera A Morgan, Anna Waterreus, Gerald F Watts, David J Castle, Dennis Liu, Cherrie A Galletly
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular (CV)-related morbidity and mortality in young people with psychosis aged 18 to 24 years. METHODS: The study included 132 people aged 18 to 24 years who participated in the 2010 second Australian national survey of people living with psychosis. The 2009 World Health Organisation (WHO) Global Health Risks report was used as a framework to determine which specific risk factors were present in each in these young people...
November 17, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856337/understanding-the-relationship-between-sales-of-legal-cigarettes-and-deaths-a-case-study-in-brazil
#14
André Salem Szklo, Roberto Magno Iglesias, Mirian Carvalho de Souza, Moysés Szklo, Tânia Maria Cavalcante, Liz Maria de Almeida
Brazil has experienced a large decline in cigarette consumption in the last 25years. However, the most recent annual reports from the tobacco industry market leader in Brazil did not show a decrease in its gross profits. This is particularly important because tobacco industry donations/sponsorships come directly from the industry's reported gross-profits and are used to subvert health policies. The aim of the present study was to estimate (i)tobacco industry's gross-profit from legal cigarettes sales, and (ii)all-cause smoking-attributable deaths (SADs) among current Brazilian smokers who consumed legal cigarettes in 2013...
November 14, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845543/the-combined-effects-of-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-on-all-cause-mortality-the-golestan-cohort-study
#15
Akbar Fazel-Tabar Malekshah, Marsa Zaroudi, Arash Etemadi, Farhad Islami, Sadaf Sepanlou, Maryam Sharafkhah, Abbas-Ali Keshtkar, Hooman Khademi, Hossein Poustchi, Azita Hekmatdoost, Akram Pourshams, Akbar Feiz Sani, Elham Jafari, Farin Kamangar, Sanford M Dawsey, Christian C Abnet, Paul D Pharoah, Paul J Berennan, Paolo Boffetta, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Most studies that have evaluated the association between combined lifestyle factors and mortality outcomes have been conducted in populations of developed countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the association between combined lifestyle scores and risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for the first time among Iranian adults. METHODS: The study population included 50,045 Iranians, 40 - 75 years of age, who were enrolled in the Golestan Cohort Study, between 2004 and 2008...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835576/prediction-of-the-risk-of-mortality-using-risk-score-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#16
Qian Chen, Ding Ding, Yuan Zhang, Yunou Yang, Qing Li, Xuechen Chen, Gang Hu, Wenhua Ling
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to develop risk scores with traditional factors for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 1911 CHD patients aged 40 and older. Cox models were used to estimate the association of traditional factors [sex, age, fasting blood glucose (FBG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), blood pressure (BP), and cigarette use] and risk scores with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality...
November 7, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815384/impact-of-cigarette-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-on-life-expectancy-among-people-with-hiv-a-us-based-modeling-study
#17
Krishna P Reddy, Robert A Parker, Elena Losina, Travis P Baggett, A David Paltiel, Nancy A Rigotti, Milton C Weinstein, Kenneth A Freedberg, Rochelle P Walensky
BACKGROUND:  In the United States, >40% of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) smoke cigarettes. METHODS:  We used a computer simulation of HIV disease and treatment to project the life expectancy of HIV-infected persons, based on smoking status. We used age- and sex-specific data on mortality, stratified by smoking status. The ratio of the non-AIDS-related mortality risk for current smokers versus that for never smokers was 2.8, and the ratio for former smokers versus never smokers was 1...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813570/effect-of-polymorphisms-in-interleukin-18-gene-on-the-susceptibility-to-coronary-artery-disease-in-a-chinese-population
#18
J B Ma, L Chen, B Gao, J Xu
Coronary artery disease (CAD) has a high mortality rate in several countries. Interleukin (IL)-18 has been previously correlated with atherosclerotic plaque rupture. In this case-control study, the relationship between -607A/C and -372C/G promoter polymorphisms in IL-18 and risk of CAD development was investigated. A total of 326 CAD patients were consecutively recruited from the First Hospital of Yulin between March 2013 and May 2015. The IL-18 -607A/C and -372C/G polymorphisms were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism...
October 24, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810668/risk-factors-for-suicide-attempt-in-pregnancy-and-the-post-partum-period-in-women-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#19
Florence Gressier, Virginie Guillard, Odile Cazas, Bruno Falissard, Nine M-C Glangeaud-Freudenthal, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay
Suicide is a major public health concern worldwide, and mental disorders have been identified as a main risk factor. Suicide is also one of the leading causes of perinatal maternal mortality, but very few studies have focused on suicide attempts (SA) in the perinatal period. This work aims to assess risk factors associated with SA in pregnancy and in the post-partum period in women with mental health disorders. Women (n = 1439) with psychiatric disorders jointly admitted with their infant to 16 psychiatric Mother-Baby Units over 10 years (2001-2010) were assessed retrospectively for the occurrence of SA in pregnancy or the postpartum period...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807124/declines-and-plateaux-in-smoking-prevalence-over-three-decades-in-fiji
#20
Christine Linhart, Isimeli Tukana, Sophia Lin, Richard Taylor, Stephen Morrell, Penina Vatucawaqa, Dianna J Magliano, Paul Zimmet
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends from 1980-2011 in daily tobacco smoking by sex, ethnicity, age, and urban/rural in Fiji Melanesian (i-Taukei) and Indian adults aged 25-64 years. METHODS: Unit record data from five population-based surveys (n=14,528) allowed classification of participants as: (1) never smoker, ex-smoker or non-daily smoker; or (2) daily smoker, reporting smoking <20 or ≥20 tobacco products (cigarettes/cigars/pipes) a day. Trends were examined using spline analyses...
November 2, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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