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Cigarette AND mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725319/autologous-stromal-vascular-fraction-in-the-intravenous-treatment-of-end-stage-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-phase-i-trial-of-safety-and-tolerability
#1
Kristin Comella, Jesus A Perez Blas, Tom Ichim, Javier Lopez, Jose Limon, Ruben Corral Moreno
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a consistently progressive, ultimately fatal disease for which no treatment exists capable of either reversing or even interrupting its course. It afflicts more than 5% of the population in many countries, and it accordingly represents the third most frequent cause of death in the US, where it accounts for more than 600 billion in health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. Adipose tissue contains within its stromal compartment a high abundance of adipose stem/stromal cells (ASCs), which can be readily separated from the adipocyte population by methods which require less than 2 h of processing time and yield a concentrated cellular preparation termed the stromal vascular fraction (SVF)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721134/osteoporosis-in-men
#2
REVIEW
Waldemar Misiorowski
Osteoporotic fractures are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among aging men. 30% of all hip fractures occur in men, and mortality resulting from not only the hip fracture, but also the spine and other major osteoporotic fractures, is significantly higher in men than in women. As in women, hypogonadism is the best documented risk factor for developing osteoporosis in men. In older men, testosterone levels are negatively correlated with the risk of fractures, and it seems that this age-related testosterone deficiency should not be considered as one of the many causes of secondary osteoporosis, rather one of the major and most important mechanisms of senile osteoporosis...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704346/mortality-from-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-parkinson-s-disease-among-different-occupation-groups-united-states-1985-2011
#3
John D Beard, Andrea L Steege, Jun Ju, John Lu, Sara E Luckhaupt, Mary K Schubauer-Berigan
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinson's disease, both progressive neurodegenerative diseases, affect >1 million Americans (1,2). Consistently reported risk factors for ALS include increasing age, male sex, and cigarette smoking (1); risk factors for Parkinson's disease include increasing age, male sex, and pesticide exposure, whereas cigarette smoking and caffeine consumption are inversely associated (2). Relative to cancer or respiratory diseases, the role of occupation in neurologic diseases is much less studied and less well understood (3)...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702864/tobacco-use-prevalence-and-outcomes-among-perinatal-patients-assessed-through-an-opt-out-cessation-and-follow-up-clinical-program
#4
Cole Buchanan, Georges J Nahhas, Constance Guille, K Michael Cummings, Cameron Wheeler, Erin A McClure
Purpose Cigarette smoking in the perinatal period is associated with costly morbidity and mortality for mother and infant, yet many women continue to smoke throughout their pregnancy and following delivery. This report describes tobacco use prevalence among perinatal smokers identified through an "opt-out" inpatient smoking cessation clinical service. Description Adult women admitted to the peripartum, delivery, and postpartum units at a large academic hospital were screened for tobacco use. Smokers were identified through their medical record and referred to a bedside consult and follow-up using an interactive voice response (IVR) system to assess smoking up to 30 days post-discharge...
July 12, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694696/th17-profile-in-copd-exacerbations
#5
REVIEW
Marco Antonio Ponce-Gallegos, Alejandra Ramírez-Venegas, Ramcés Falfán-Valencia
COPD is characterized by an ongoing inflammatory process of the airways that leads to obstruction or limitation of airflow. It is mainly associated with exposure to cigarette smoke. In addition, it is considered, at present, a serious public health problem, ranking fourth in mortality worldwide. Many cells participate in the pathophysiology of COPD, the most important are neutrophils, macrophages and CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Neutrophil migration to the inflammation area could be mediated largely by cytokines related to CD4+ Th17 lymphocytes, because it has been shown that IL-17A, IL-17F and IL-22 act as inducers for CXCL8, CXCL1, CXCL5, G-CSF, and GM-CSF secretion by epithelial cells of the airways...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693556/evidence-for-a-comprehensive-approach-to-aboriginal-tobacco-control-to-maintain-the-decline-in-smoking-an-overview-of-reviews-among-indigenous-peoples
#6
Catherine Chamberlain, Susan Perlen, Sue Brennan, Lucie Rychetnik, David Thomas, Raglan Maddox, Noore Alam, Emily Banks, Andrew Wilson, Sandra Eades
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of disease and premature mortality among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians. While the daily smoking prevalence among Indigenous Australians has declined significantly from 49% in 2001, it remains about three times higher than that of non-Indigenous Australians (39 and 14%, respectively, for age ≥15 years in 2014-15). This overview of systematic reviews aimed to synthesise evidence about reducing tobacco consumption among Indigenous peoples using a comprehensive framework for Indigenous tobacco control in Australia comprised of the National Tobacco Strategy (NTS) and National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan (NATSIHP) principles and priorities...
July 10, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683054/invasive-cancer-incidence-2004-2013-and-deaths-2006-2015-in-nonmetropolitan-and-metropolitan-counties-united-states
#7
S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Cheryll C Thomas, Greta M Massetti, Brandy Peaker, Lisa C Richardson
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Previous reports have shown that persons living in nonmetropolitan (rural or urban) areas in the United States have higher death rates from all cancers combined than persons living in metropolitan areas. Disparities might vary by cancer type and between occurrence and death from the disease. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of cancer incidence and deaths by cancer type in nonmetropolitan and metropolitan counties. REPORTING PERIOD: 2004-2015...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674465/graduated-sovereignty-and-global-governance-gaps-special-economic-zones-and-the-illicit-trade-in-tobacco-products
#8
Chris Holden
Illicit trade in tobacco products has been a significant problem globally for many years. It allows cigarettes to be sold far below their legal price and thus contributes to higher consumption, morbidity and mortality, and deprives state treasuries of a substantial amount of revenue. This article identifies special economic zones (SEZs), particularly free trade zones, as a key conduit for this illicit trade. The development of SEZs as weak points in the global governance architecture is explained with reference to the concept of 'graduated sovereignty', whereby the uniform management of territory by modern states has given way to a more spatially selective form of territorial governance, in which some slices of territory are more fully integrated into the world economy than others via various forms of differential regulation...
July 2017: Political Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664292/uric-acid-is-independent-cardiovascular-risk-factor-as-manifested-by-increased-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#9
Suad Hannawi, Issa AlSalmi, Ingrid Moller, Esperanza Naredo
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and morbidity, due to the combined effects of traditional and non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CV). A serum uric acid (SUA) level has been suggested as one of the non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Cardiovascular risk can be assessed by looking at the subclinical atherosclerosis such as ultrasound (US)-measured carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). This paper aimed to determine the role of SUA as a cardiovascular risk factor, along with the traditional cardiovascular risk factors and inflammation, among RA population...
August 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661779/emerging-adulthood-emergent-health-lifestyles-sociodemographic-determinants-of-trajectories-of-smoking-binge-drinking-obesity-and-sedentary-behavior
#10
Jonathan Daw, Rachel Margolis, Laura Wright
During the transition to adulthood, many unhealthy behaviors are developed that in turn shape behaviors, health, and mortality in later life. However, research on unhealthy behaviors and risky transitions has mostly focused on one health problem at a time. In this article, we examine variation in health behavior trajectories, how trajectories cluster together, and how the likelihood of experiencing different behavior trajectories varies by sociodemographic characteristics. We use the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) Waves I to IV to chart the most common health behavior trajectories over the transition to adulthood for cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, and sedentary behavior...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658608/cigarette-smoking-risk-reducing-beliefs-findings-from-the-united-states-health-information-national-trends-survey
#11
Annette R Kaufman, Kisha I Coa, Anh B Nguyen
Cigarette smoking risk-reducing beliefs are ideas that certain health promoting behaviors (e.g., exercise) may mitigate the risks associated with smoking. The objective of this study was to describe smoking risk-reducing beliefs and the belief that quitting can reduce the harmful effects of smoking among the U.S. adult population and the associations between these beliefs, current smoking status, and sociodemographics. Data were from the Health Information National Trends Survey 4 (HINTS 4) Cycles 3 and 4 (2013-2014; N=6862)...
June 26, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654804/fatal-and-non-fatal-burn-injuries-with-electrical-weapons-and-explosive-fumes
#12
Mark W Kroll, Mollie B Ritter, Howard E Williams
INTRODUCTION: While generally reducing morbidity and mortality, electrical weapons have risks associated with their usage, including eye injuries and falls. With the presence of explosive fumes or fuels there also exists the possibility of burn injury. METHODS: We searched for cases of fatal and non-fatal major burns with TASER(®) electrical weapon usage where there was a possibility that the weapon ignited the explosion. RESULTS: We confirmed 6 cases of fatal burn injury and 4 cases of major non-fatal burns out of 3...
August 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651854/estimating-the-effect-of-differing-assumptions-on-the-population-health-impact-of-introducing-a-reduced-risk-tobacco-product-in-the-usa
#13
Peter N Lee, John S Fry, John F Hamling, Zheng Sponsiello-Wang, Gizelle Baker, Rolf Weitkunat
We use Population Health Impact Modelling to assess effects on tobacco prevalence and mortality of introducing a Reduced Risk Tobacco Product (RRP). Simulated samples start in 1990 with a US-representative smoking prevalence. Individual tobacco histories are updated annually until 2010 using estimated probabilities of switching between never/current/former smoking where the RRP is not introduced, with current users subdivided into cigarette/RRP/dual users where it is. RRP-related mortality reductions from lung cancer, IHD, stroke and COPD are derived from the histories and the assumed relative risks of the RRP...
June 24, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642260/cigarette-smoke-disrupts-monolayer-integrity-by-altering-epithelial-cell-cell-adhesion-and-cortical-tension
#14
Kristine Nishida, Kieran A Brune, Nirupama Putcha, Pooja Mandke, Wanda K O'Neal, Danny Shade, Vasudha Srivastava, Menghen Wang, Hong Lam, Steven S An, M Bradley Drummond, Nadia N Hansel, Douglas N Robinson, Venkataramana K Sidhaye
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Cigarette smoke (CS) drives disease development and progression. The epithelial barrier is damaged by CS with increased monolayer permeability. However, the molecular changes that cause this barrier disruption and the interaction between adhesion proteins and the cytoskeleton are not well defined. We hypothesized that CS alters monolayer integrity by increasing cell contractility and decreasing cell adhesion in epithelia...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640563/-smoking-vaping-and-cardiovascular-risk-an-update
#15
Sofia Dalkou, Carole Clair
It is well known that tobacco smoking increases cardiovascular (CV) mortality and morbidity, however, smoking cessation is often neglected compared to other CV risk factors. Behavioral counseling as well as smoking cessation treatments are efficient and do not increase the risk of CV events when used for a defined duration. Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) contain potentially cardiotoxic substances but in lower concentrations than in cigarettes. The CV effect of ENDS is to date difficult to assess and depends on the type of device used and its mode of consumption...
June 7, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630083/are-fire-safe-cigarettes-actually-fire-safe-evidence-from-changes-in-us-state-laws
#16
Carl Bonander, Niklas Jakobsson, Finn Nilson
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of fire safe cigarette laws on fire mortality and cigarette-related fires in the USA. METHODS: We examined the gradual implementation of the laws to identify their average effects, using difference-in-differences analysis to account for common year effects, time-invariant state effects, state-specific trends and observable time-varying state-level covariates. RESULTS: We found no statistically significant effects on all-cause fire mortality, residential fire mortality or cigarette-caused fire rates...
June 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629277/addressing-tobacco-use-among-consumers-and-staff-at-behavioral-health-treatment-facilities-through-comprehensive-workplace-programming
#17
Hannah L Samaha, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, Cho Lam, William T Wilson, Bryce Kyburz, Tim Stacey, Teresa Williams, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco use is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States; cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco use. Smoking has become increasingly concentrated among individuals with behavioral health needs (e.g., persistent mental illness) and has led to increased morbidity and mortality in this group relative to the general population. Comprehensive tobacco-free workplace programs are effective in reducing tobacco use and cigarette smoke exposure among behavioral health consumers and the individuals who serve them...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624106/alcohol-use-and-smoking-after-liver-transplantation-complications-and-prevention
#18
REVIEW
José Ursic-Bedoya, Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Stéphanie Faure, Georges-Philippe Pageaux
The last thirty years have been very prosperous in the field of liver transplantation (LT), with great advances in organ conservation, surgical techniques, peri-operative management and long-term immunosuppression, resulting in improved patient and graft survival rates as well as quality of life. However, substance addiction after LT, namely alcohol and tobacco, results in short term morbidity together with medium and long-term mortality. The main consequences can be vascular (increased risk of hepatic artery thrombosis in smokers), hepatic (recurrent alcoholic cirrhosis in alcohol relapsers) and oncological (increased risk of malignancy in patients consuming tobacco and/or alcohol after LT)...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623035/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-to-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-an-adult-population-from-colombia
#19
Lorena Urbano, Eliana Portilla, Wilson Muñoz, Albert Hofman, Carlos H Sierra-Torres
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the most important cause of mortality in Latin America while peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is the third leading cause of atherosclerotic cardiovascular morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of PAD and the distribution of traditional CVD risk factors in a population from the Department of Cauca, Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a total of 10,000 subjects aged ≥40 years from 36 municipalities...
June 13, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609250/recognition-of-viral-rna-by-pattern-recognition-receptors-in-the-induction-of-innate-immunity-and-excessive-inflammation-during-respiratory-viral-infections
#20
Masaaki Okamoto, Hirotake Tsukamoto, Takahisa Kouwaki, Tsukasa Seya, Hiroyuki Oshiumi
The innate immune system is the first line of defense against virus infection that triggers the expression of type I interferon (IFN) and proinflammatory cytokines. Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns, resulting in the induction of innate immune responses. Viral RNA in endosomes is recognized by Toll-like receptors, and cytoplasmic viral RNA is recognized by RIG-I-like receptors. The host innate immune response is critical for protection against virus infection...
July 2017: Viral Immunology
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