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Cigarette AND mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928318/tobacco-use-among-thai-students-results-from-the-2015-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#1
Pantip Chotbenjamaporn, Vilailak Haruhansapong, Pensom Jumriangrit, Siriwan Pitayarangsarit, Naveen Agarwal, Renu Garg
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use often starts in adolescence and is a leading cause of premature mortality. Two previous rounds of the global youth tobacco survey (GYTS) found that a significant proportion of Thai youth currently smoke. OBJECTIVES: We conducted the third round of GYTS in Thailand in 2015 to monitor trends in tobacco use. METHODS: We selected 31 public and private secondary schools using random sampling based on probability proportional to school enrolment...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923576/dose-escalation-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-based-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-is-effective-for-advanced-stage-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Chia-Lun Chang, Hsieh-Chih Tsai, Wei-Cheng Lin, Jer-Hwa Chang, Han-Lin Hsu, Jyh-Ming Chow, Kevin Sheng-Po Yuan, Alexander T H Wu, Szu-Yuan Wu
PURPOSE: No studies have investigated the effects of irradiation-dose escalation intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from patients with TESCC who were enrolled in the Taiwan Cancer Registry database. To compare treatment outcomes, the patients were categorized into two groups according to their radiotherapy doses: group 1, who received CCRT<60Gy with IMRT, and group 2, who received CCRT≥60Gy with IMRT...
September 15, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922727/the-relevance-of-gastric-cancer-biomarkers-in-prognosis-and-pre-and-post-chemotherapy-in-clinical-practice
#3
REVIEW
Muhammad Abbas, Murad Habib, Muhammad Naveed, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama, Meiqi Shi, Chen Dingding
Gastric cancer (GC) is one among the major cancer types, causing human deaths and present noticeable heterogeneity. The incidences and mortality rates are higher in males in comparison to females with a male to female ratio of 2.3:1. A lot of studies have revealed out the molecular basis, pathogenesis, invasion and metastasis related findings of gastric stomach cancer. Present review encompasses the salient information on various biomarkers for the early diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of gastric cancer elaborate the clinical importance of serum tumor markers in patients with this cancer as well as checking the growths, together with epigenetic changes and genetic polymorphisms...
September 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921583/associations-of-alcohol-intake-smoking-physical-activity-and-obesity-with-survival-following-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-by-stage-anatomic-site-and-tumor-molecular-subtype
#4
Harindra Jayasekara, Dallas R English, Andrew Haydon, Allison M Hodge, Brigid M Lynch, Christophe Rosty, Elizabeth J Williamson, Mark Clendenning, Melissa C Southey, Mark A Jenkins, Robin Room, John L Hopper, Roger L Milne, Daniel D Buchanan, Graham G Giles, Robert J MacInnis
The influence of lifestyle factors on survival following a diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) is not well established. We examined associations between lifestyle factors measured before diagnosis and CRC survival. The Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study collected data on alcohol intake, cigarette smoking and physical activity, and body measurements at baseline (1990-94) and wave 2 (2003-07). We included participants diagnosed to 31 August 2015 with incident stage I-III CRC within 10-years post exposure assessment...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913784/managing-wastes-as-green-resources-cigarette-butt-synthesized-pesticides-are-highly-toxic-to-malaria-vectors-with-little-impact-on-predatory-copepods
#5
Kadarkarai Murugan, Udaiyan Suresh, Chellasamy Panneerselvam, Rajapandian Rajaganesh, Mathath Roni, Al Thabiani Aziz, Jiang-Shiou Hwang, Kuppusamy Sathishkumar, Aruliah Rajasekar, Suresh Kumar, Abdullah A Alarfaj, Akon Higuchi, Giovanni Benelli
The development of novel mosquito control tools is a key prerequisite to build effective and reliable Integrated Vector Management strategies. Here, we proposed a novel method using cigarette butts for the synthesis of Ag nanostructures toxic to young instars of the malaria vector Anopheles stephensi, chloroquine (CQ)-resistant malaria parasites Plasmodium falciparum and microbial pathogens. The non-target impact of these nanomaterials in the aquatic environment was evaluated testing them at sub-lethal doses on the predatory copepod Mesocyclops aspericornis...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910267/surveillance-for-certain-health-behaviors-and-conditions-among-states-and-selected-local-areas-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2013-and-2014
#6
Sonya Gamble, Tebitha Mawokomatanda, Fang Xu, Pranesh P Chowdhury, Carol Pierannunzi, David Flegel, William Garvin, Machell Town
PROBLEM: Chronic diseases and conditions (e.g., heart diseases, stroke, arthritis, and diabetes) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. These conditions are costly to the U.S. economy, yet they are often preventable or controllable. Behavioral risk factors (e.g., excessive alcohol consumption, tobacco use, poor diet, frequent mental distress, and insufficient sleep) are linked to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Adopting positive health behaviors (e...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904914/novel-cardiovascular-risk-markers-in-nigerian-cigarette-smokers
#7
Godwin O Adunmo, AbdulFatah Ayoade Adesokan, Olufemi Olumuyiwa Desalu, Sikiru Abayomi Biliaminu, Eyitayo O Adunmo
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. While the effect of cigarette smoking on conventional markers that account for <50% of CVD s has been well studied, there are only a few studies on the effect of cigarette smoking on novel cardiovascular (CV) risk markers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of cigarette smoking on the novel CV markers such as homocysteine (HCY), lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)), and C-reactive protein (CRP)...
July 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891275/cigarette-smoking-as-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-and-mortality-from-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-updated-systematic-review-of-81-epidemiological-studies
#8
Omar Abdel-Rahman, Daniel Helbling, Othmar Schöb, Mostafa Eltobgy, Hadeer Mohamed, Jan Schmidt, Anwar Giryes, Arianeb Mehrabi, Satheesh Iype, Hannah John, Aysun Tekbas, Ahmad Zidan, Hani Oweira
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and its incidence has increased during the past decade. While hepatitis B and C virus infections and alcohol were established risk factors, the impact of smoking on the incidence and mortality of HCC was needed to be confirmed. METHODS: We reviewed cohort and case-control studies evaluating the association between cigarette smoking and incidence and mortality of HCC from MEDLINE and Google Scholar...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889127/buccal-epithelium-cigarette-smoking-and-lung-cancer-review-of-the-literature
#9
Raya Saba, Oleksandr Halytskyy, Nasir Saleem, Ira A Oliff
Lung cancer is currently the leading cause of cancer-related mortality among men and women in the United States, and optimal screening methods are still lacking. The field effect is a well-supported phenomenon wherein a noxious stimulus triggers genetic, epigenetic and molecular changes that are widespread throughout the entire exposed organ system. The buccal epithelium is an easily accessible part of the respiratory tree that has good potential of yielding a surrogate marker for the field effect in cigarette smokers, and thus, a noninvasive, reliable lung cancer screening method...
September 9, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875332/the-population-education-transition-curve-education-gradients-across-population-exposure-to-new-health-risks
#10
David P Baker, William C Smith, Ismael G Muñoz, Haram Jeon, Tian Fu, Juan Leon, Daniel Salinas, Renata Horvatek
The salutary effect of formal education on health-risk behaviors and mortality is extensively documented: ceteris paribus, greater educational attainment leads to healthier lives and longevity. Even though the epidemiological evidence has strongly indicated formal education as a leading "social vaccine," there is intermittent reporting of counter-education gradients for health-risk behavior and associated outcomes for certain populations during specific periods. How can education have both beneficial and harmful effects on health, and under which contexts do particular effects emerge? It is useful to conceptualize the influence of education as a process sensitive to the nature, timing of entry, and uniqueness of a new pleasurable and desirable lifestyle and/or product (such as smoking) with initially unclear health risks for populations...
September 5, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865477/rig-i-overexpression-decreases-mortality-of-cigarette-smoke-exposed-mice-during-influenza-a-virus-infection
#11
Xiaoqiu Wang, Wenxin Wu, Wei Zhang, J Leland Booth, Elizabeth S Duggan, Lili Tian, Sunil More, Yan D Zhao, Ravindranauth N Sawh, Lin Liu, Ming-Hui Zou, Jordan P Metcalf
BACKGROUND: Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) is an important regulator of virus-induced antiviral interferons (IFNs) and proinflammatory cytokines which participate in clearing viral infections. Cigarette smoke (CS) exposure increases the frequency and severity of respiratory tract infections. METHODS: We generated a RIG-I transgenic (TG) mouse strain that expresses the RIG-I gene product under the control of the human lung specific surfactant protein C promoter...
September 2, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862414/asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome-recent-advances-in-diagnostic-criteria-and-prognostic-significance
#12
Claudio Sorino, Nicola Scichilone, Maria D'Amato, Vincenzo Patella, Fabiano DI Marco
The term asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) has been proposed for individuals with features of both asthma and COPD. Several attempts have been done to define ACOS on the basis of medical history, symptoms, and functional findings. The main diagnostic criteria include airflow obstruction with a strong although incomplete reversibility to bronchodilation tests, a significant exposure to cigarette or biomass smoke, and a history of atopy or asthma. Additional diagnostic elements include eosinophilic airway and systemic inflammation, a good response to corticosteroid treatment, and a high concentration of exhaled nitric oxide...
June 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844014/changes-in-smoking-status-among-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-vancouver-canada
#13
Helia Shariati, Heather L Armstrong, Zishan Cui, Nathan J Lachowsky, Julia Zhu, Praney Anand, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, Greg Oudman, Christina Tonella, David M Moore
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is common among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) and most of the mortality gap between HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals is attributable to smoking. METHODS: We recruited sexually active HIV-positive and HIV-negative GBMSM age ≥16 years using respondent-driven sampling. Study visits occurred every six months for up to four years and included a computer-assisted self-interview and clinical assessment...
August 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841089/intimate-partner-violence-small-for-gestational-age-birth-and-cigarette-smoking-in-the-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system
#14
Jeanne L Alhusen, Ruth Geller, Jerry Jellig, Chakra Budhathoki, Michele Decker
BACKGROUND: Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) in the perinatal period is associated with obstetric complications, poor maternal mental health, neonatal complications, and increased risk of infant mortality and morbidity. Less is known about how IPV may influence small for gestational age (SGA) birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained for 231,081 United States mothers who delivered neonates from 2004 to 2011 and completed the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System survey 2-9 months after delivery...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833688/effects-of-high-alcohol-intake-alcohol-related-symptoms-and-smoking-on-mortality
#15
John B Whitfield, Andrew C Heath, Pamela A F Madden, J George Landers, Nicholas G Martin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Both high alcohol intake and alcohol dependence increase mortality, and both are associated with smoking. We aimed to compare the associations of quantity of alcohol, number of alcohol-related symptoms, and smoking history with all-cause mortality, and to assess symptom count and smoking history as confounders or mediators of the effects of high alcohol intake. DESIGN: Survival was analysed by Cox regression with sex, body mass index, alcohol intake (overall and by beverage), maximum drinks on any day, alcohol symptom count and smoking status as potential predictors of age at death...
August 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830514/effect-of-smoking-and-comorbidities-on-survival-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#16
Miia Kärkkäinen, Hannu-Pekka Kettunen, Hanna Nurmi, Tuomas Selander, Minna Purokivi, Riitta Kaarteenaho
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking has been associated with the risk of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Certain comorbidities have been associated with reduced survival although some studies have indicated that current smokers have a longer survival than ex-smokers. Comorbidities in relation to smoking history have not been previously analyzed. METHODS: Retrospective data was collected and patients were categorized according to gender and smoking habits. Comorbidities and medications were collected...
August 22, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820539/a-survey-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-among-university-employees-a-single-institutional-study
#17
Emmanuel I Agaba, Maxwell O Akanbi, Patricia A Agaba, Amaka N Ocheke, Zumnan M Gimba, Steve Daniyam, Edith N Okeke
BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising globally, with its attendant morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. This study evaluated the prevalence of NCDs and their risk factors among members of a university community. METHODS: All employees of the university were invited to the University health clinic for screening, using the World Health Organisation's STEPwise approach to NCDs. RESULTS: A total of 883 (521; 59...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816053/in-vitro-exposure-systems-and-dosimetry-assessment-tools-for-inhaled-tobacco-products-workshop-proceedings-conclusions-and-paths-forward-for-in-vitro-model-use
#18
Holger Behrsing, Erin Hill, Hans Raabe, Raymond Tice, Suzanne Fitzpatrick, Robert Devlin, Kent Pinkerton, Günter Oberdörster, Chris Wright, Roman Wieczorek, Michaela Aufderheide, Sandro Steiner, Tobias Krebs, Bahman Asgharian, Richard Corley, Michael Oldham, Jason Adamson, Xiang Li, Irfan Rahman, Sonia Grego, Pei-Hsuan Chu, Shaun McCullough, Rodger Curren
In 2009, the passing of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act facilitated the establishment of the FDA Center for Tobacco Products (CTP), and gave it regulatory authority over the marketing, manufacture and distribution of tobacco products, including those termed 'modified risk'. On 4-6 April 2016, the Institute for In Vitro Sciences, Inc. (IIVS) convened a workshop conference entitled, In Vitro Exposure Systems and Dosimetry Assessment Tools for Inhaled Tobacco Products, to bring together stakeholders representing regulatory agencies, academia and industry to address the research priorities articulated by the FDA CTP...
July 2017: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: ATLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816028/epidemiology-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-thailand
#19
REVIEW
Napadon Tangjaturonrasme, Patravoot Vatanasapt, Andrey Bychkov
Cancer is the most common cause of death in Thailand, with the mortality almost doubled during 1998-2011 (from 48.4 to 95.2 per 100 000). The estimated number of new cancer cases in 2011 was 112 392. Our review provides baseline data on the current epidemiological situation with head and neck (HN) cancer in Thailand based on reports of the National Cancer Registry and findings from local and international publications. Collectively, HN cancer approaches age-standardized rate (ASR) incidence of 15.7 and 10...
August 16, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809051/mediation-analysis-for-a-survival-outcome-with-time-varying-exposures-mediators-and-confounders
#20
Sheng-Hsuan Lin, Jessica G Young, Roger Logan, Tyler J VanderWeele
We propose an approach to conduct mediation analysis for survival data with time-varying exposures, mediators, and confounders. We identify certain interventional direct and indirect effects through a survival mediational g-formula and describe the required assumptions. We also provide a feasible parametric approach along with an algorithm and software to estimate these effects. We apply this method to analyze the Framingham Heart Study data to investigate the causal mechanism of smoking on mortality through coronary artery disease...
August 15, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
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