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Diane lipscombe

Diane Lipscombe, Jen Q Pan, Stephanie Schorge
What is the topic of this review? We discuss tools available to access genome-wide data sets that harbour cell-specific, brain region-specific and tissue-specific information on exon usage for several species, including humans. In this Review, we demonstrate how to access this information in genome databases and its enormous value to physiology. What advances does it highlight? The sheer scale of protein diversity that is possible from complex genes, including those that encode voltage-gated ion channels, is vast...
December 2015: Experimental Physiology
Diane Lipscombe, Arturo Andrade
Voltage-gated calcium ion channels are essential for numerous biological functions of excitable cells and there is wide spread appreciation of their importance as drug targets in the treatment of many disorders including those of cardiovascular and nervous systems. Each Cacna1 gene has the potential to generate a number of structurally, functionally, and in some cases pharmacologically unique CaVα1 subunits through alternative pre-mRNA splicing and the use of alternate promoters. Analyses of rapidly emerging deep sequencing data for a range of human tissue transcriptomes contain information to quantify tissue-specific and alternative exon usage patterns for Cacna1 genes...
2015: Current Molecular Pharmacology
Justus L Groen, Arturo Andrade, Katja Ritz, Hamid Jalalzadeh, Martin Haagmans, Ted E J Bradley, Aldo Jongejan, Dineke S Verbeek, Peter Nürnberg, Sylvia Denome, Raoul C M Hennekam, Diane Lipscombe, Frank Baas, Marina A J Tijssen
Using exome sequencing and linkage analysis in a three-generation family with a unique dominant myoclonus-dystonia-like syndrome with cardiac arrhythmias, we identified a mutation in the CACNA1B gene, coding for neuronal voltage-gated calcium channels CaV2.2. This mutation (c.4166G>A;p.Arg1389His) is a disruptive missense mutation in the outer region of the ion pore. The functional consequences of the identified mutation were studied using whole-cell and single-channel patch recordings. High-resolution analyses at the single-channel level showed that, when open, R1389H CaV2...
February 15, 2015: Human Molecular Genetics
Yu-Qiu Jiang, Arturo Andrade, Diane Lipscombe
Presynaptic voltage-gated calcium Ca(V)2.2 channels play a privileged role in spinal level sensitization following peripheral nerve injury. Direct and indirect inhibitors of Ca(V)2.2 channel activity in spinal dorsal horn are analgesic in chronic pain states. Ca(V)2.2 channels represent a family of splice isoforms that are expressed in different combinations according to cell-type. A pair of mutually exclusive exons in the Ca(V)2.2 encoding Cacna1b gene, e37a and e37b, differentially influence morphine analgesia...
December 26, 2013: Molecular Pain
Diane Lipscombe, Summer E Allen, Cecilia P Toro
Voltage-gated calcium ion (CaV) channels convert neuronal activity into rapid intracellular calcium signals to trigger a myriad of cellular responses. Their involvement in major neurological and psychiatric diseases, and importance as therapeutic targets, has propelled interest in subcellular-specific mechanisms that align CaV channel activity to specific tasks. Here, we highlight recent studies that delineate mechanisms controlling the expression of CaV channels at the level of RNA and protein. We discuss the roles of RNA editing and alternative pre-mRNA splicing in generating CaV channel isoforms with activities specific to the demands of individual cells; the roles of ubiquitination and accessory proteins in regulating CaV channel expression; and the specific binding partners that contribute to both pre- and postsynaptic CaV channel function...
October 2013: Trends in Neurosciences
Ann S Hamilton, Xiao-Cheng Wu, Joseph Lipscomb, Steven T Fleming, Mary Lo, Dian Wang, Michael Goodman, Alex Ho, Jean B Owen, Chandrika Rao, Robert R German
Data on initial treatment of 8232 cases of localized prostate cancer diagnosed in 2004 were obtained by medical record abstraction (including hospital and outpatient locations) from seven state cancer registries participating in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Breast and Prostate Cancer Data Quality and Patterns of Care Study. Distinction was made between men receiving no therapy with no monitoring plan (no therapy/no plan [NT/NP]) and those receiving active surveillance (AS). Overall, 8.6% received NT/NP and 4...
December 2012: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
Diane Lipscombe, Arturo Andrade, Summer E Allen
Neuronal voltage-gated calcium channels generate rapid, transient intracellular calcium signals in response to membrane depolarization. Neuronal Ca(V) channels regulate a range of cellular functions and are implicated in a variety of neurological and psychiatric diseases including epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, chronic pain, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Each mammalian Cacna1 gene has the potential to generate tens to thousands of Ca(V) channels by alternative pre-mRNA splicing, a process that adds fine granulation to the pool of Ca(V) channel structures and functions...
July 2013: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Spiro Marangoudakis, Arturo Andrade, Thomas D Helton, Sylvia Denome, Andrew J Castiglioni, Diane Lipscombe
Ca(V)2.2 (N-type) calcium channels control the entry of calcium into neurons to regulate essential functions but most notably presynaptic transmitter release. Ca(V)2.2 channel expression levels are precisely controlled, but we know little of the cellular mechanisms involved. The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) is known to regulate expression of many synaptic proteins, including presynaptic elements, to optimize synaptic efficiency. However, we have limited information about ubiquitination of Ca(V)2 channels...
July 25, 2012: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Summer E Allen, Robert B Darnell, Diane Lipscombe
Many cellular processes are involved in optimizing protein function for specific neuronal tasks; here we focus on alternative pre-mRNA splicing. Alternative pre-mRNA splicing gives cells the capacity to modify and selectively re-balance their existing pool of transcripts in a coordinated way across multiple mRNAs, thereby effecting relatively rapid and relatively stable changes in protein activity. Here we report on and discuss the coordinated regulation of two sites of alternative splicing, e24a and e31a, in P-type CaV2...
November 2010: Channels
Arturo Andrade, Sylvia Denome, Yu-Qiu Jiang, Spiro Marangoudakis, Diane Lipscombe
Alternative pre-mRNA splicing occurs extensively in the nervous systems of complex organisms, including humans, considerably expanding the potential size of the proteome. Cell-specific alternative pre-mRNA splicing is thought to optimize protein function for specialized cellular tasks, but direct evidence for this is limited. Transmission of noxious thermal stimuli relies on the activity of N-type Ca(V)2.2 calcium channels in nociceptors. Using an exon-replacement strategy in mice, we show that mutually exclusive splicing patterns in the Ca(V)2...
October 2010: Nature Neuroscience
Arturo Andrade, Alejandro Sandoval, Ricardo González-Ramírez, Diane Lipscombe, Kevin P Campbell, Ricardo Felix
The auxiliary Ca(V)alpha(2)delta-1 subunit is an important component of voltage-gated Ca(2+) (Ca(V)) channel complexes in many tissues and of great interest as a drug target. Nevertheless, its exact role in specific cell functions is still unknown. This is particularly important in the case of the neuronal L-type Ca(V) channels where these proteins play a key role in the secretion of neurotransmitters and hormones, gene expression, and the activation of other ion channels. Therefore, using a combined approach of patch-clamp recordings and molecular biology, we studied the role of the Ca(V)alpha(2)delta-1 subunit on the functional expression and the pharmacology of recombinant L-type Ca(V)1...
October 2009: Cell Calcium
Lorin M Jakubek, Spiro Marangoudakis, Jesica Raingo, Xinyuan Liu, Diane Lipscombe, Robert H Hurt
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are used with increasing frequency in neuroengineering applications. CNT scaffolds are used to transmit electrical stimulation to cultured neurons and to control outgrowth and branching patterns of neurites. CNTs have been reported to disrupt normal neuronal function including alterations in endocytotic capability and inhibition of ion channels. Calcium ion channels regulate numerous neuronal and cellular functions including endo and exocytosis, neurite outgrowth, and gene expression...
October 2009: Biomaterials
Diane Lipscombe, Jennifer Qian Pan
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels regulate neuronal excitability, pacemaking, dendritic integration, and homeostatic plasticity and are culprits in aberrant neuronal activity in certain epilepsies. In this issue of Neuron two manuscripts (Santoro et al. and Zolles et al.) report that HCN channel gating and expression are controlled by Trip8b (Pex5R) but with a bidirectional spin.
June 25, 2009: Neuron
Michael Goodman, Lyn Almon, Rana Bayakly, Susan Butler, Carol Crosby, Colleen DiIorio, Donatus Ekwueme, Diane Fletcher, John Fowler, Theresa Gillespie, Karen Glanz, Ingrid Hall, Judith Lee, Jonathan Liff, Joseph Lipscomb, Lori A Pollack, Lisa C Richardson, Phillip Roberts, Kyle Steenland, Kevin Ward
Whereas, most cancer research data come from high-profile academic centers, little is known about the outcomes of cancer care in rural communities. We summarize the experience of building a multi-institution partnership to develop a cancer outcomes research infrastructure in Southwest Georgia (SWGA), a primarily rural 33-county area with over 700,000 residents. The partnership includes eight institutions: the Emory University in Atlanta, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Georgia Comprehensive Center Registry (the Registry), the Southwest Georgia Cancer Coalition (the Coalition), and the four community cancer centers located within the SWGA region...
February 2009: Journal of Community Health
Diane Lipscombe, Jesica Raingo
How many different calcium channels does it take to make a nervous system? The answer: more than any of us predicted. In 1975 Hagiwara and colleagues published the first evidence that functionally different calcium channels are expressed in cells. By 1999, the calcium channel family could boast ten members, each member defined by a unique set of attributes to support their cellular functions and by unique amino acid sequences. Although nine of these genes are expressed in the nervous system, that number still seemed insufficient to support the wide spectrum of neuronal functions controlled by voltage-gated calcium channels...
July 2007: Channels
Jeffrey A Johnson, Jin-Fen Li, Xierong Wei, Jonathan Lipscomb, David Irlbeck, Charles Craig, Amanda Smith, Diane E Bennett, Michael Monsour, Paul Sandstrom, E Randall Lanier, Walid Heneine
BACKGROUND: Transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance can compromise initial antiretroviral therapy (ART); therefore, its detection is important for patient management. The absence of drug-associated selection pressure in treatment-naïve persons can cause drug-resistant viruses to decline to levels undetectable by conventional bulk sequencing (minority drug-resistant variants). We used sensitive and simple tests to investigate evidence of transmitted drug resistance in antiretroviral drug-naïve persons and assess the clinical implications of minority drug-resistant variants...
July 29, 2008: PLoS Medicine
William G Fairbrother, Will Fairbrother, Diane Lipscombe
A myriad of coordinated signals control cellular differentiation. Reprogramming the cell's proteome drives global changes in cell morphology and function that define cell phenotype. A switch in alternative splicing of many pre-mRNAs encoding neuronal-specific proteins accompanies neuronal differentiation. Three groups recently showed that the global splicing repressor, polypyrimidine track-binding protein (PTB), regulates this switch.1-3 Although a subset of neuronal genes are turned on in both non-neuronal and neuronal cells, restricted expression of PTB in non-neuronal cells diverts their mRNAs to nonsense-mediated decay and prevents protein expression...
January 2008: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Kathryn S Richards, Andrew M Swensen, Diane Lipscombe, Kurt Bommert
The P-type calcium current is mediated by a voltage-sensing CaV2.1 alpha subunit in combination with modulatory auxiliary subunits. In Purkinje neurones, this current has distinctively slow inactivation kinetics that may depend on alternative splicing of the alpha subunit and/or association with different CaVbeta subunits. To better understand the molecular components of P-type calcium current, we cloned a CaV2.1 cDNA from total mouse brain. The full-length CaV2.1 isoform that we isolated (GenBank AY714490) contains sequences recently shown to be present in Purkinje neurones...
November 2007: European Journal of Neuroscience
Jeffrey A Johnson, Jin-Fen Li, Xierong Wei, Jonathan Lipscomb, Diane Bennett, Ashley Brant, Mian-Er Cong, Thomas Spira, Robert W Shafer, Walid Heneine
BACKGROUND: The success of antiretroviral therapy is known to be compromised by drug-resistant HIV-1 at frequencies detectable by conventional bulk sequencing. Currently, there is a need to assess the clinical consequences of low-frequency drug resistant variants occurring below the detection limit of conventional genotyping. Sensitive detection of drug-resistant subpopulations, however, requires simple and practical methods for routine testing. METHODOLOGY: We developed highly-sensitive and simple real-time PCR assays for nine key drug resistance mutations and show that these tests overcome substantial sequence heterogeneity in HIV-1 clinical specimens...
2007: PloS One
Christophe Altier, Camila S Dale, Alexandra E Kisilevsky, Kevin Chapman, Andrew J Castiglioni, Elizabeth A Matthews, Rhian M Evans, Anthony H Dickenson, Diane Lipscombe, Nathalie Vergnolle, Gerald W Zamponi
N-type calcium channels are essential mediators of spinal nociceptive transmission. The core subunit of the N-type channel is encoded by a single gene, and multiple N-type channel isoforms can be generated by alternate splicing. In particular, cell-specific inclusion of an alternatively spliced exon 37a generates a novel form of the N-type channel that is highly enriched in nociceptive neurons and, as we show here, downregulated in a neuropathic pain model. Splice isoform-specific small interfering RNA silencing in vivo reveals that channels containing exon 37a are specifically required for mediating basal thermal nociception and for developing thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia during inflammatory and neuropathic pain...
June 13, 2007: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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