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Trajectory of illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822053/colorectal-cancer-patient-s-self-efficacy-for-managing-illness-related-problems-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-years-after-diagnosis-results-from-the-colorectal-well-being-crew-study
#1
Chloe Grimmett, Joanne Haviland, Jane Winter, Lynn Calman, Amy Din, Alison Richardson, Peter W F Smith, Claire Foster
PURPOSE: There is a growing emphasis on self-management of cancer aftercare. Little is known about patient's self-efficacy (confidence) to manage illness-related problems and how this changes over time. This paper describes the patterns of self-efficacy for managing illness-related problems amongst colorectal cancer patients in the 2 years following diagnosis. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, questionnaires were administered at baseline (pre-surgery), 3, 9, 15 and 24 months to 872 colorectal cancer patients...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817490/an-open-trial-of-iloperidone-for-mixed-episodes-in-bipolar-disorder
#2
Vivek Singh, Jodi Gonzalez Arnold, Thomas J Prihoda, Melissa Martinez, Charles L Bowden
BACKGROUND: Mixed mood states in bipolar disorder are difficult to treat and when present indicate worse illness trajectories. Several medications are US Food and Drug Administration approved to treat mixed episodes; however, the clinical trials have been short term and rarely reported depression response. METHODS: We conducted a 5-month open-label trial examining the tolerability and efficacy of iloperidone for bipolar disorder mixed episodes. RESULTS: Mania and depression scores significantly improved over the course of the study for study completers (ie, 60%-68% improvement for manic symptoms and 41%-49% for depression symptoms)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814378/mhealth-technologies-for-palliative-care-patients-at-the-interface-of-in-patient-to-outpatient-care-protocol-of-feasibility-study-aiming-to-early-predict-deterioration-of-patient-s-health-status
#3
Gudrun Theile, Vanessa Klaas, Gerhard Tröster, Matthias Guckenberger
BACKGROUND: Palliative care patients are a particularly vulnerable population and one of the critical phases in patients' trajectories is discharge from specialized in-patient palliative care into outpatient care, where availability of a palliative care infrastructure is highly variable. A relevant number of potentially avoidable readmissions and emergency visits of palliative patients is observed due to rapid exacerbation of symptoms indicating the need for a closer patient monitoring...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814331/circulating-levels-of-soluble-fas-scd95-are-associated-with-risk-for-development-of-a-nonresolving-acute-kidney-injury-subphenotype
#4
Pavan K Bhatraju, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Carmen Mikacenic, Susanna Harju-Baker, Victoria Dmyterko, Natalie S J Slivinski, W Conrad Liles, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Susan R Heckbert, Mark M Wurfel
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) can be divided into two subphenotypes, resolving or nonresolving, on the basis of the trajectory of serum creatinine. It is unknown if the biology underlying these two AKI recovery patterns is different. METHODS: We measured eight circulating biomarkers in plasma obtained from a cohort of patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) (n = 1241) with systemic inflammatory response syndrome...
August 17, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807700/unfinished-business-in-families-of-terminally-ill-with-cancer-patients
#5
Ryoko Yamashita, Harue Arao, Ayumi Takao, Eiko Masutani, Tatsuya Morita, Yasuo Shima, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Maho Aoyama, Mitsunori Miyashita
CONTEXT: Unfinished business often causes psychological issues after bereavement. Providing care for families of terminally ill patients with cancer to prevent unfinished business is important. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the prevalence and types of unfinished business in families of end-of-life patients with cancer admitted to palliative care units (PCUs), explore depression and grief associated with unfinished business, and explore the factors affecting unfinished business...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807423/coping-with-the-stress-in-the-cardiac-intensive-care-unit-can-mindfulness-be-the-answer
#6
Nadya Golfenshtein, Janet A Deatrick, Amy J Lisanty, Barbara Medoff-Cooper
BACKGROUND: Mothers of infants with complex congenital heart disease are exposed to increased stress which has been associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. The coping mechanisms these mothers use critically effect the familial illness adaptation and most likely infant outcomes. Currently no data-based strategies have been developed for mothers to facilitate their coping, and proactively promote their adaptation in the critical care settings. A potential strategy is mindfulness which is currently used in other clinical settings with stress-reduction effects...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804983/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-profiles-of-psychological-thriving-resilience-and-loss-in-people-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Fuschia M Sirois, Jameson K Hirsch
OBJECTIVES: Despite the toll of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on adjustment, many patients are resilient to the challenges associated with living with IBD, and successfully cope with their illness and thrive. Yet there is little research on why some individuals with IBD enter a trajectory of growth, while others may struggle to adapt. The aim of this study was to investigate the adjustment-related factors that distinguished thriving, resilience, and loss in people with IBD across personal growth, life satisfaction, and relationship quality domains...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800368/unpredictability-does-not-hamper-nonretinotopic-motion-perception
#8
Marc M Lauffs, Haluk Ögmen, Michael H Herzog
The motion of parts of an object is usually perceived relative to the object, i.e., nonretinotopically, rather than in retinal coordinates. For example, we perceive a reflector to rotate on the wheel of a moving bicycle even though its trajectory is cycloidal on the retina. The rotation is perceived because the motion of the object (bicycle) is discounted from the motion of its parts (reflector). It seems that the visual system can easily compute the object motion and subtract it from the part motion. Bikes move usually rather predictably...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799287/neuropsychological-and-cognitive-correlates-of-recovery-in-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Jessica A Harper, Brooks Brodrick, Erin Van Enkevort, Carrie J McAdams
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical or cognitive measures either predictive of illness trajectory or altered with sustained weight recovery in adult women with anorexia nervosa. METHODS: Participants were recruited from prior studies of women with anorexia nervosa (AN-C) and in weight-recovery following anorexia nervosa (AN-WR). Participants completed a neuropsychological battery at baseline and clinical assessments at both baseline and follow-up. Groups based on clinical outcome (continued eating disorder, AN-CC; newly in recovery, AN-CR; sustained weight-recovery, AN-WR) were compared by using one-way ANOVAs with Bonferroni-corrected post hoc comparisons...
August 11, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799076/comparison-of-group-vs-self-directed-music-interventions-to-reduce-chemotherapy-related-distress-and-cognitive-appraisal-an-exploratory-study
#10
Shu-Chuan Chen, Cheng-Chen Chou, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Mei-Feng Lin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine effects of group music intervention and self-directed music intervention on anxiety, depression, and cognitive appraisal among women with breast cancer. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design randomly assigned 60 women undergoing chemotherapy to 3 groups: group music intervention, self-directed music intervention, or a control group. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale were administered before, after the 8-week interventions, and at 3-month follow-up...
August 10, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798151/socioeconomic-differences-in-children-s-growth-trajectories-from-infancy-to-early-adulthood-evidence-from-four-european-countries
#11
Cathal McCrory, Neil O'Leary, Silvia Fraga, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Henrique Barros, Noora Kartiosuo, Olli Raitakari, Mika Kivimäki, Paolo Vineis, Richard Layte
BACKGROUND: Height is regarded as a marker of early-life illness, adversity, nutrition and psychosocial stress, but the extent to which differences in height are determined by early-life socioeconomic circumstances, particularly in contemporary populations, is unclear. This study examined socioeconomic differences in children's height trajectories from birth through to 21 years of age in four European countries. METHODS: Data were from six prospective cohort studies-Generation XXI, Growing Up in Ireland (infant and child cohorts), Millennium Cohort Study, EPITeen and Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study-comprising a total of 49 492 children with growth measured repeatedly from 1980 to 2014...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793379/illness-trajectories-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-how-illness-progression-is-related-to-life-narratives-and-interpersonal-relationships
#12
Sabrina Cipolletta, Giorgia Rosamaria Gammino, Arianna Palmieri
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to identify illness trajectories in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by analyzing personal, social and functional dimensions related to ALS progression. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have considered some psychological distinct variables that may moderate illness progression, but no research has combined an extensive qualitative understanding of ALS patients' psychological characteristics and illness progression. DESIGN: A mixed method approach was used to combine quantitative and qualitative measures...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793373/reflection-on-the-cause-and-avoidance-of-recurrent-venous-leg-ulcers-an-interpretive-descriptive-approach
#13
Ann Stewart, Helen Edwards, Kathleen Finlayson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into the experience of recurrent venous leg ulcers from the individual's perspective and provide knowledge on potential risks of recurrence not previously investigated. BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers are a consequence of chronic venous disease and frequently recur. They are costly and can impact on physical and psychological health. Despite research suggesting the risk can be reduced through compression and lifestyle changes, recurrence rates are often high...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793082/chemical-contamination-precariousness-illness-and-death-at-work-benzene-in-brazil
#14
Danilo Fernandes Costa, Moisés Goldbaum
The toxicity of benzene is widely known, and types of illnesses linked to it have been increasing. This article traces the historical trajectory and the findings related to the diseases, combined with the displacement of industrial activities from central countries to peripheral ones. In this process, there are correlations in prevention of benzene exposure. In Brazil, the application of regulations was analyzed to identify their impact because information on environmental contamination and diseases is very precarious...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782715/corticosterone-potentiates-dfp-induced-neuroinflammation-and-affects-high-order-diffusion-imaging-in-a-rat-model-of-gulf-war-illness
#15
Bang-Bon Koo, Lindsay T Michalovicz, Samanthan Calderazzo, Kimberly A Kelly, Kimberly Sullivan, Ronald J Killiany, James P O'Callaghan
Veterans of the 1991 Gulf War were potentially exposed to a variety of toxic chemicals, including sarin nerve agent and pesticides, which have been suspected to be involved in the development of Gulf War Illness (GWI). Several of these exposures cause a neuroinflammatory response in mice, which may serve as a basis for the sickness behavior-like symptoms seen in veterans with GWI. Furthermore, conditions mimicking the physiological stress experienced during the war can exacerbate this effect. While neuroinflammation has been observed post-exposure using animal models, it remains a challenge to evaluate neuroinflammation and its associated cellular and molecular changes in vivo in veterans with GWI...
August 4, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764561/cpa-guidelines-for-the-pharmacological-treatment-of-schizophrenia-spectrum-and-other-psychotic-disorders-in-children-and-youth
#16
Sabina Abidi, Irfan Mian, Iliana Garcia-Ortega, Tania Lecomte, Thomas Raedler, Kevin Jackson, Kim Jackson, Tamara Pringsheim, Donald Addington
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders often have their onset in adolescence. The sequelae of these illnesses can negatively alter the trajectory of emotional, cognitive, and social development in children and youth if left untreated. Early and appropriate interventions can improve outcomes. This article aims to identify best practices in the pharmacotherapy management of children and youth with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for published guidelines for schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders in children and youth (under age 18 years)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760103/trajectory-of-ptsd-symptom-change-in-the-course-of-exposure-therapy-among-veterans-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
Anouk L Grubaugh, Tatiana M Davidson, Wilson Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752797/the-bird-dancer-and-the-warrior-king-divergent-lived-experiences-of-tourette-syndrome-in-bali
#18
Robert Lemelson, Annie Tucker
In the past two decades, ethnographic, epidemiological and interdisciplinary research has robustly established that culture is significant in determining the long-term outcomes of people with neurodevelopmental, neuropsychiatric and mood disorders. Yet these cultural factors are certainly not uniform across discrete individual experiences. Thus, in addition to illustrating meaningful differences for people with neuropsychiatric disorder between different cultures, ethnography should also help detail the variations within a culture...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732597/pattern-of-gene-expression-in-different-stages-of-schizophrenia-down-regulation-of-nptx2-gene-revealed-by-a-meta-analysis-of-microarray-datasets
#19
Mirko Manchia, Ignazio S Piras, Matthew J Huentelman, Federica Pinna, Clement C Zai, James L Kennedy, Bernardo Carpiniello
Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a severe psychiatric disorder with a genetic susceptibility. Alterations in neurochemical signaling, as well as changes in brain structure and function, manifest during the course of SCZ and are likely causative of the symptoms shown by affected individuals. However, little is known about the timing of these changes, particularly in the pre-morbid and prodromal phases of SCZ. Here, we performed a gene-based and pathway-based meta-analysis of 5 microarray datasets from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs)-derived neurons and post-mortem brain tissue from SCZ and healthy controls (HC), with the underlying assumption they might represent the neurobiological make-up of SCZ in the pre-morbid and chronic stages of illness, respectively...
July 18, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729130/information-needs-about-palliative-care-and-euthanasia-a-survey-of-patients-in-different-phases-of-their-cancer-trajectory
#20
Kim Beernaert, Chloë Haverbeke, Simon Van Belle, Luc Deliens, Joachim Cohen
OBJECTIVE: We assessed information provision and information needs about illness course, treatments, palliative care and euthanasia in cancer patients. METHODS: Cancer patients consulting a university hospital (N=620) filled out a questionnaire. Their cancer related data were collected through the treating oncologist. This study is performed in Belgium, where "palliative care for all" is a patient's right embedded in the law and euthanasia is possible under certain conditions...
July 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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