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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225869/extremely-elevated-il-18-levels-may-help-distinguish-systemic-onset-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-from-other-febrile-diseases
#1
Y Xia, P Cui, Q Li, F Liang, C Li, J Yang
The aim of this research was to explore whether IL-18 can be a serological marker for the diagnosis of systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA). A total of 23 sJIA patients (13 males, median age 8.2), 20 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients, 18 patients with severe infections (SIF), 26 Kawasaki disease (KD) patients, 18 juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients, and 25 healthy control patients were selected for this study. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used to determine the serum concentrations of the S100A8, S100A9, and IL-6 proteins...
February 16, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225860/il-6-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-10-levels-polymorphisms-and-their-association-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity-in-brazilian-individuals
#2
Kathryna Fontana Rodrigues, Nathalia Teixeira Pietrani, Adriana Aparecida Bosco, Fernanda Magalhães Freire Campos, Valéria Cristina Sandrim, Karina Braga Gomes
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association of plasma TNF-α, IL-6, and lL-10 levels and cytokine gene polymorphisms [TNF-α (-308 G→A), IL-6 (-174 C→G) and IL-10 (-1082 A→G, -819 T→C and -592 A→C)] in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obese patients. Subjects and methods: One hundred and two T2DM patients and 62 controls were included in this study. Cytokine plasma levels were measured by the Cytometric Bead Array method. Genotyping was carried out by the polymerase chain reaction...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225585/two-step-process-to-create-roll-off-superamphiphobic-paper-surfaces
#3
Lu Jiang, Zhenguan Tang, Rahmat M Clinton, Victor Breedveld, Dennis W Hess
Surface modification of cellulose-based paper which displays roll-off properties for water and oils (surface tension ≥ 23.8 mN·m-1) and good repellency towards n-heptane (20.1 mN·m-1) is reported. Droplets of water, diiodomethane, motor oil, hexadecane and decane all "bead up", i.e. exhibit high contact angles, and roll off the treated surface under the influence of gravity. Unlike widely used approaches that rely on the deposition of nanoparticles or electrospun nanofibers to create superamphiphobic surfaces, our method generates a hierarchical structure as an inherent property of the substrate and displays good adhesion between the film and substrate...
February 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225217/proteomic-analysis-of-the-cullin4b-interactome-using-proximity-dependent-biotinylation-in-living-cells
#4
Hailong Zhang, Shupeng Li, Pingting Liu, Frankie H F Lee, Albert H C Wong, Fang Liu
Cullin 4B (CUL4B) mutations have been implicated in mental retardation and dopamine-related behaviors due to disruptions in their interaction with Cullin-RING E3 ligases (CRLs). Thus, further identification of CUL4B substrates can increase the knowledge of protein homeostasis and illuminate the role of CUL4B in neuropsychiatric disease. However, the transient nature of the coupling between CUL4B and its substrates is difficult to detect in vivo using current approaches, thus hampers efforts to investigate functions of CRLs within unperturbed living systems...
February 22, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225104/coplanar-electrode-microfluidic-chip-enabling-accurate-sheathless-impedance-cytometry
#5
Adele De Ninno, Vito Errico, Francesca Romana Bertani, Luca Businaro, Paolo Bisegna, Federica Caselli
Microfluidic impedance cytometry offers a simple non-invasive method for single-cell analysis. Coplanar electrode chips are especially attractive due to ease of fabrication, yielding miniaturized, reproducible, and ultimately low-cost devices. However, their accuracy is challenged by the dependence of the measured signal on particle trajectory within the interrogation volume, that manifests itself as an error in the estimated particle size, unless any kind of focusing system is used. In this paper, we present an original five-electrode coplanar chip enabling accurate particle sizing without the need for focusing...
February 22, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224978/methylated-antibody-affinity-purification-to-improve-proteomic-identification-of-plant-rna-polymerase-pol-v-complex-and-the-interacting-proteins
#6
Guochen Qin, Jun Ma, Xiaomei Chen, Zhaoqing Chu, Yi-Min She
Affinity purification followed by enzymatic digestion and mass spectrometry has been widely utilized for the sensitive detection of interacting proteins and protein complexes in various organisms. In plants, the method is technically challenging due to the low abundance proteins, non-specific binding and difficulties of eluting interacting proteins from antibody beads. In this report, we describe a strategy to modify antibodies by reductive methylation of lysines without affecting their binding properties, followed by on-bead digestion of bound proteins with endoproteinase Lys-C...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224901/an-ssdna-library-immobilized-selex-technique-for-selection-of-an-aptamer-against-ractopamine
#7
Nuo Duan, Wenhui Gong, Shijia Wu, Zhouping Wang
An improved SELEX technique was developed for selecting aptamers against ractopamine (RAC) by immobilizing ssDNA library on the magnetic beads. After sixteen selection rounds, a highly enriched ssDNA pool was sequenced and nine families were grouped according to their homology and secondary structures analysis. One representative aptamer candidate from each family was picked out for binding affinity identification by graphene oxide (GO) adsorption platform. The aptamer RAC-6 was demonstrated as the optimal aptamer with high specificity and dissociation constant (Kd) value of 54...
April 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224885/preparation-and-characterization-of-gellan-gum-microspheres-containing-a-cold-adapted-%C3%AE-galactosidase-from-rahnella-sp-r3
#8
Yuting Fan, Jiang Yi, Xiao Hua, Yuzhu Zhang, Ruijin Yang
R-β-Gal is a cold-adapted β-galactosidase that is able to hydrolyze lactose and has the potential to produce low-lactose or lactose-free dairy products at low temperatures (4°C). Cold-adapted enzymes unfold at moderate temperatures due to the lower intramolecular stabilizing interactions necessary for flexibility at low temperatures. To increase stability and usage-performance, R-β-Gal was encapsulated in gellan gum by injecting an aqueous solution into two different hardening solutions (10mM CaCl2 or 10mM MgCl2)...
April 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224188/an-attempt-to-shorten-loading-time-of-epirubicin-into-dc-beads-%C3%A2-using-vibration-and-a-sieve
#9
Akinaga Sonoda, Norihisa Nitta, Takefumi Yamamoto, Yuki Tomozawa, Shinichi Ohta, Shobu Watanabe, Kiyoshi Murata
PURPOSE: We investigated the possibility of shortening the time required for loading epirubicin into calibrated polyvinyl alcohol-based hydrogel beads (DC Beads(®)) to be used for transarterial chemoembolization. METHOD: After separating the beads suspended in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) solution by the use of a sieve (clearance 75 µm), epirubicin hydrochloride (EH) was loaded for 20, 30, or 60 s under vibration into DC beads. The EH loading rate into conventionally prepared (control) beads, i...
February 21, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224137/hmgb1-anti-hmgb1-antibodies-define-a-molecular-signature-of-early-stages-of-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-isorders-hand
#10
Marie-Lise Gougeon, Béatrice Poirier-Beaudouin, Jacques Durant, Christine Lebrun-Frenay, Héla Saïdi, Valérie Seffer, Michel Ticchioni, Stephane Chanalet, Helene Carsenti, Alexandra Harvey-Langton, Muriel Laffon, Jacqueline Cottalorda, Christian Pradier, Pierre Dellamonica, Matteo Vassallo
BACKGROUND: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) persist in the post-HAART era, characterized by asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI) and mild neurocognitive disorders (MND). High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a non-histone chromosomal protein widely expressed in the nucleus of all eukaryotic cells, including brain cells, which acts as a potent proinflammatory cytokine when actively secreted from immune cells. Recent reports suggested that HMGB1 acts on microglial cells to promote neuroinflammation...
February 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224132/dataset-of-longitudinal-analysis-of-tear-cytokine-levels-cd4-cd8-counts-and-hiv-viral-load-in-dry-eye-patients-with-hiv-infection
#11
Praveen Kumar Balne, Rupesh Agrawal, Veonice Bijin Au, Bernett Lee, Eileen Loo, Louis Tong, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Stephen C Teoh, John Connolly, Petrina Tan
The data presented in this article shows the longitudinal analysis of tear fluid cytokine profiles, blood CD4 and CD8 counts and HIV viral load in 34 dry eye patients with HIV infection during the HAART therapy. Clinical samples were collected from HIV patients with dry eye disease at the time of presentation to the clinic (visit 1), three months (visit 2) and 6 months (visit 3) after the presentation. At each time point tear samples were evaluated for 41 cytokines using Luminex bead based multiplex assay and blood samples were tested for HIV viral load and CD4 and CD8 counts...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223693/single-cd28-stimulation-induces-stable-and-polyclonal-expansion-of-human-regulatory-t-cells
#12
Xuehui He, Ruben L Smeets, Esther van Rijssen, Annemieke M H Boots, Irma Joosten, Hans J P M Koenen
CD4+FOXP3+ Treg are essential for immune tolerance. Phase-1 clinical trials of Treg-therapy to treat graft-versus-host-disease reported safety and potential therapeutic efficacy. Treg-based trials have started in organ-transplant patients. However, efficient ex vivo expansion of a stable Treg population remains a challenge and exploring novel ways for Treg expansion is a pre-requisite for successful immunotherapy. Based on the recent finding that CD28-signaling is crucial for survival and proliferation of mouse Treg, we studied single-CD28 stimulation of human Treg, without T cell receptor stimulation...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223247/in-situ-determination-of-the-saturation-solubility-of-nanocrystals-of-poorly-soluble-drugs-for-dermal-application
#13
Miriam Colombo, Sven Staufenbiel, Eckart Rühl, Roland Bodmeier
The aim of this study was to determine, in situ, the saturation solubility and dissolution rate of nanocrystals of three poorly water-soluble drugs for dermal application. The nanocrystals were prepared by wet bead milling. Their size could be controlled by various process parameters. The saturation solubility was measured in water or in the presence of surfactant at 32°C with a Sirius(®) inForm based on in situ UV/VIS spectroscopy. The saturation solubility of nanocrystals with sizes of ∼300nm increased for each drug in comparison to non-milled drug powders, with factors of increase in the range 1...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222752/dendritic-cells-macrophages-nk-and-cd8-t-lymphocytes-play-pivotal-roles-in-controlling-hsv-1-in-the-trigeminal-ganglia-by-producing-il1-beta-inos-and-granzyme-b
#14
Natália Lucinda, Maria Marta Figueiredo, Natália Lima Pessoa, Beatriz Senra Álvares da Silva Santos, Graciela Kunrath Lima, Arthur Molinari Freitas, Alexandre Magalhães Vieira Machado, Erna Geessien Kroon, Lis Ribeiro do Valle Antonelli, Marco Antônio Campos
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) cause not only mild symptoms but also blindness and encephalitis. It was previously shown that the immune response against HSV-1 occurs mainly in the trigeminal ganglia (TG) and that Toll-like receptors 2 and 9 (TLR2/9) are important in mediating this response. It was also demonstrated that iNOS (nitric oxide synthase) and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) play an essential role in the defense against HSV-1 infection. Importantly, the present work aimed to identify the primary cells responsible for iNOS and IL-1β production and search for other important molecules and cells that might or might not depend on TLR2/9 receptors to mediate the immune response against HSV-1...
February 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222329/inflammatory-chemokines-and-their-receptors-in-human-visceral-leishmaniasis-gene-expression-profile-in-peripheral-blood-splenic-cellular-sources-and-their-impact-on-trafficking-of-inflammatory-cells
#15
Neetu Singh, Shyam Sundar
Chemokines play an important role in determining cellular composition at inflammatory sites, and as such, influence disease outcome. In this study, we investigated the expression profile and splenic cellular source of various inflammatory chemokines and their receptors in human visceral leishmaniasis (VL). The expression of chemokines or their receptors was measured at the gene and protein level by employing real time qPCR and a cytometric bead array assay, respectively. In addition, the cellular source of chemokines and their receptors in the spleen was identified employing gene expression analyses in sequentially selected cell subsets...
February 18, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222260/the-k-channel-a-multi-functional-architecture-for-dynamically-re-configurable-sample-processing-in-droplet-microfluidics
#16
Steven R Doonan, Ryan C Bailey
By rapidly creating libraries of thousands of unique, miniaturized reactors, droplet microfluidics provides a powerful method for automating high-throughput chemical analysis. In order to engineer in-droplet assays, microfluidic devices must add reagents into droplets, remove fluid from droplets, and perform other necessary operations, each typically provided by a unique, specialized geometry. Unfortunately, modifying device performance or changing operations usually requires re-engineering the device among these specialized geometries, a time-consuming and costly process when optimizing in-droplet assays...
February 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222140/in-situ-single-cell-detection-via-microfluidic-magnetic-bead-assay
#17
Fan Liu, Pawan Kc, Ge Zhang, Jiang Zhe
We present a single cell detection device based on magnetic bead assay and micro Coulter counters. This device consists of two successive micro Coulter counters, coupled with a high gradient magnetic field generated by an external magnet. The device can identify single cells in terms of the transit time difference of the cell through the two micro Coulter counters. Target cells are conjugated with magnetic beads via specific antibody and antigen binding. A target cell traveling through the two Coulter counters interacts with the magnetic field, and have a longer transit time at the 1st counter than that at the 2nd counter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221981/dry-transfer-inoculation-of-low-moisture-spices-containing-antimicrobial-compounds
#18
Ian M Hildebrandt, Chuxuan Hu, Elizabeth M Grasso-Kelley, Peiran Ye, Nathan M Anderson, Susanne E Keller
Inoculation of a food product for use in subsequent validation studies typically makes use of a high concentration cocktail of microorganisms suspended in aqueous media. However, this inoculation method may prove difficult particularly when the food product is a low-moisture food containing antimicrobial compounds, such as some dried spices. In this study, a dry transfer method for inoculation of clove powder, oregano leaves, ginger powder, and ground black pepper with a five-serovar cocktail of Salmonella was developed and compared with a traditional aqueous inoculation procedure...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221928/rapid-identification-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-o-serogroups-from-fresh-produce-and-raw-milk-enrichment-cultures-by-luminex-bead-based-suspension-array
#19
Julie A Kase, Anna Maounounen-Laasri, Andrew Lin
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM) Chapter 4a describes a Luminex microbead-based suspension array used to screen colonies for 11 clinically relevant Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serogroups: O26, O45, O91, O103, O104, O111, O113, O121, O128, O145, and O157. We evaluated the usefulness of this method to identify STEC-positive enrichment samples before agar plating. Twelve E. coli strains were added to three types of fresh produce (bagged baby spinach, alfalfa sprouts, and cilantro) at levels near the detection limit of the test...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220817/a-simple-approach-for-preparation-of-affinity-matrices-simultaneous-purification-and-reversible-immobilization-of-a-streptavidin-mutein-to-agarose-matrix
#20
Sau-Ching Wu, Chris Wang, Dave Hansen, Sui-Lam Wong
SAVSBPM18 is an engineered streptavidin for affinity purification of both biotinylated biomolecules and recombinant proteins tagged with streptavidin binding peptide (SBP) tags. To develop a user-friendly approach for the preparation of the SAVSBPM18-based affinity matrices, a designer fusion protein containing SAVSBPM18 and a galactose binding domain was engineered. The galactose binding domain derived from the earthworm lectin EW29 was genetically modified to eliminate a proteolytic cleavage site located at the beginning of the domain...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
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