keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dystocia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780772/the-trends-and-risk-factors-to-predict-adverse-outcomes-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-10-year-experience-from-2006-to-2015-in-a-single-tertiary-center
#1
Minji Kim, Juyoung Park, Soo Hyun Kim, Yoo Min Kim, Cheonga Yee, Suk-Joo Choi, Soo-Young Oh, Cheong-Rae Roh
Objective: To investigate the change of maternal characteristics, delivery and neonatal outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) over recent 10 years and to identify the risk factors associated with adverse outcome. Methods: Consecutive GDM patients (n=947) delivered in our institution were included. Research period was arbitrarily divided into 2 periods (period 1: from 2006 to 2010, period 2: from 2011 to 2015). Multiple pregnancies or preexisting diabetes were excluded...
May 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776801/determinants-of-a-good-perinatal-outcome-in-588-pregnancies-in-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
J Lepercq, C Le Ray, C Godefroy, L Pelage, D Dubois-Laforgue, J Timsit
AIM: This study assessed pregnancy outcomes in women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) over the last 15 years and identified modifiable factors associated with good perinatal outcomes. METHODS: Pregnancy outcomes were prospectively assessed in this cohort study of 588 singleton pregnancies (441 women) managed by standardized care from 2000 to 2014. A good perinatal outcome was defined as the uncomplicated delivery of a normally formed, non-macrosomic, full-term infant with no neonatal morbidity...
May 8, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776614/characterisation-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cell-populations-in-periparturient-dairy-cows-that-develop-metritis
#3
John J Bromfield, Meghan M Watt, Sossi M Iacovides
Bacterial contamination of the uterus following calving is ubiquitous in the dairy cow, 40% of cows develop postpartum uterine infection, including metritis. While predisposing factors like twinning and dystocia are associated with metritis, it is unclear why some cows remain healthy following calving and others develop uterine infection, negatively impacting animal health, milk production and economic return. Here, we profiled peripheral blood mononuclear cells of cows before calving and during postpartum metritis...
June 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731475/histopathological-study-of-encephalomalacia-in-neonatal-calves-and-application-of-neuronal-and-axonal-degeneration-marker
#4
Kenji Koyama, Akihisa Kangawa, Natsuko Fukumoto, Ken-Ichi Watanabe, Noriyuki Horiuchi, Tomomi Ozawa, Hisashi Inokuma, Yoshiyasu Kobayashi
Five calves that had shown neurological symptoms within 9 days after birth were histopathologically diagnosed as encephalomalacia. Two calves showed bilateral laminar cerebrocortical necrosis and neuronal necrosis in the corpus striatum and hippocampus. Since the distributional pattern of the lesions was consistent with that of global ischemia in other species, the lesions were probably hypoxic/ischemic encephalopathy consistent with the history of dystocia and perinatal asphyxia. One calf also showed bilateral laminar cerebrocortical necrosis...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720591/discrepancy-between-pregnancy-dating-methods-affects-obstetric-and-neonatal-outcomes-a-population-based-register-cohort-study
#5
Merit Kullinger, Michaela Granfors, Helle Kieler, Alkistis Skalkidou
To assess associations between discrepancy of pregnancy dating methods and adverse pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal outcomes, odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for discrepancy categories among all singleton births from the Medical Birth Register (1995-2010) with estimated date of delivery (EDD) by last menstrual period (LMP) minus EDD by ultrasound (US) -20 to +20 days. Negative/positive discrepancy was a fetus smaller/larger than expected when dated by US (EDD postponed/changed to an earlier date)...
May 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720015/outcomes-of-vacuum-assisted-vaginal-deliveries-of-mothers-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Dana Vitner, Liran Hiersch, Eran Ashwal, Daniel Nassie, Yariv Yogev, Amir Aviram
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of vacuum-assisted vaginal deliveries (VAD) among neonates of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of women with singleton gestation ≥37 + 0 weeks of gestation who underwent VAD at a single, tertiary, medical center (2007-2014). Women with GDM and their neonates were compared to women without diabetes and their neonates. Composite neonatal outcome was defined as ≥1 of the following: shoulder dystocia, 5-min Apgar score <7, asphyxia, seizure, subgaleal, subarachnoid or subdural hemorrhage, fracture of the clavicle, humerus or skull, or Erb's palsy...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716537/accuracy-of-immediate-antepartum-ultrasound-estimated-fetal-weight-and-its-impact-on-mode-of-delivery-and-outcome-a-cohort-analysis
#7
Johannes Stubert, Adam Peschel, Michael Bolz, Änne Glass, Bernd Gerber
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the accuracy of ultrasound-derived estimated fetal weight (EFW) and to determine its impact on management and outcome of delivery. METHODS: In this single-center cohort analysis, women with a singleton term pregnancy in the beginning stages of labor were included. Women with immediately antepartum EFW (N = 492) were compared to women without ultrasound (N = 515). RESULTS: EFW was correct (deviation from birth weight ≤ 10%) in 72...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701002/is-caesarean-section-the-best-option-for-dystocia-at-full-dilatation
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683307/maternity-care-update-labor-and-delivery
#9
Andrew Smith, Wendy B Barr, Erin Bassett-Novoa, Nicholas LeFevre
Labor is defined as contractions with cervical change and active labor starts when the cervix is dilated 6 cm. Updated labor curves and definitions should be used to define labor dystocia. Oxytocin and amniotomy have important roles in the management of labor dystocia. Structured intermittent fetal monitoring should be considered for women with low-risk pregnancies but continuous electronic fetal monitoring still is used most commonly. Moderate fetal heart rate variability is the most reliable marker of fetal well-being...
April 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642673/the-use-of-data-mining-methods-for-dystocia-detection-in-polish-holstein-friesian-black-and-white-cattle
#10
Daniel Zaborski, Witold Stanislaw Proskura, Wilhelm Grzesiak
Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the usefulness of artificial neural networks (ANN), multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS), naïve Bayes classifier (NBC), general discriminant analysis (GDA) and logistic regression (LR) for dystocia detection in Polish Holstein-Friesian Black-and-White heifers and cows and to indicate the most influential predictors of calving difficulty. Methods: A total of 1,342 and 1,699 calving records including six categorical and four continuous predictors were used...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621563/should-the-iadpsg-criteria-be-applied-when-diagnosing-early-onset-gestational-diabetes
#11
Yuko Hagiwara, Junko Kasai, Sayuri Nakanishi, Yusuke Saigusa, Etsuko Miyagi, Shigeru Aoki
AIMS: To investigate whether the broad interpretation of the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria with application to the early pregnancy, which is adopted as the standard in Japan, is appropriate. METHODS: We conducted this investigation by comparing diabetes-related adverse pregnancy outcomes among women treated for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) following an early-pregnancy diagnosis (early-onset GDM, n=528) and those treated for GDM following a mid-pregnancy diagnosis, which is the international standard (Mid-term-onset GDM, n=147) RESULTS: Gestational weight gain was significantly lower in the early-onset GDM group (7...
April 2, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609562/including-gene-networks-to-predict-calving-difficulty-in-holstein-brown-swiss-and-jersey-cattle
#12
Francesco Tiezzi, Maria E Arceo, John B Cole, Christian Maltecca
BACKGROUND: Calving difficulty or dystocia has a great economic impact in the US dairy industry. Reported risk factors associated with calving difficulty are feto-pelvic disproportion, gestation length and conformation. Different dairy cattle breeds have different incidence of calving difficulty, with Holstein having the highest dystocia rates and Jersey the lowest. Genomic selection becomes important especially for complex traits with low heritability, where the accuracy of conventional selection is lower...
April 2, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593989/postoperative-care-of-symphysiotomy-performed-for-severe-shoulder-dystocia-with-fetal-demise
#13
Joy Anderson, R Moss Hampton, Jonathan Lugo
Background: Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency which occurs in 0.2-3% of all births ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins-Obstetrics and The American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists (2002) . Symphysiotomy is a treatment option reserved primarily for developing countries where mortality rates of Cesarean delivery are 1-2% Monjok et al. (2013) . Case: A G3P2002 with a history of two prior vaginal deliveries had a term delivery complicated by a severe shoulder dystocia...
April 2017: Case Reports in Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587658/de-medicalization-of-birth-by-reducing-the-use-of-oxytocin-for-augmentation-among-first-time-mothers-a-prospective-intervention-study
#14
L C Gaudernack, K F Frøslie, T M Michelsen, N Voldner, M Lukasse
BACKGROUND: The use of synthetic oxytocin for augmentation of labor is rapidly increasing worldwide. Hyper-stimulation is the most significant side effect, which may cause fetal distress and operative delivery. We performed an intervention consisting of an educational program and modified guidelines to achieve a more appropriate use of oxytocin. METHODS: This prospective intervention study included 431 first-time mothers at term with spontaneous onset of labor before (October 2012 to May 2013), and 664 after the intervention (April 2014 to April 2015)...
March 27, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587540/risk-of-recurrent-shoulder-dystocia-are-we-any-closer-to-prediction
#15
Shadha Al-Hawash, Clare L Whitehead, Dan Farine
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and risk factors for recurrent shoulder dystocia in women. METHODS: We searched Medline, Pubmed, Embase, and CINAHL for relevant articles in English and French from 1980 to February 2018 that described risks of recurrent shoulder dystocia undergoing a trial of labour in subsequent pregnancies. A total of 684 articles were found, of which 13 were included as they met criteria. We extracted data on study characteristics, incidence of recurrent shoulder dystocia, degree of neonatal injury, and presence of known risk factors...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575180/sonographic-assessment-of-the-anal-sphincter-after-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-oasi-using-transperineal-ultrasound-tpus
#16
EDITORIAL
Vered H Eisenberg, Dan V Valsky, Simcha Yagel
Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is the most common cause of anal incontinence and ano-rectal symptoms in women1 . Reported rates of anal incontinence following primary repair of OASI range between 15-61%, with a mean of 39%2, 3 . Other possible complications of OASI include perineal pain, dyspareunia, and less commonly, abscess formation, wound breakdown, and rectovaginal fistulae. Symptom onset may occur immediately, several years postpartum, or only late in life when aging of tissues adds to the delivery insult...
March 24, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570453/anencephaly-and-obstetric-outcome-beyond-the-age-of-viability
#17
Sawsan Al-Obaidly, Jis Thomas, Mahmoud Abu Jubara, Abdullah Al Ibrahim, Mariam Al-Belushi, Najah Saleh, Zeena Al-Mansouri, Najat Khenyab
OBJECTIVE: To review the obstetric impact and natural history of anencephalic pregnancies beyond the age of viability. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of all cases with a prenatal diagnosis of anencephaly who delivered after 24 weeks' gestation during the period 1990 until 2016. Obstetric outcomes including mode of delivery, live births, shoulder dystocia, antepartum haemorrhage (APH), postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and uterine rupture were studied. RESULTS: A total of 42 cases were studied...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553892/clinical-signs-and-outcomes-of-beef-cattle-undergoing-cesarean-section-because-of-dystocia
#18
Mark W H Hiew, Aubrey N Baird, Peter D Constable
OBJECTIVE To characterize signalment, clinical signs, reproductive history, surgical management, and outcomes of beef cattle undergoing cesarean section because of dystocia at a veterinary teaching hospital. DESIGN Retrospective case series with nested cohort study. ANIMALS 173 beef cattle admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital from 2001 through 2010 that underwent cesarean section because of dystocia. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and information collected on cattle signalment; reproductive history; cause of dystocia; anesthetic protocol; surgical management; number, sex, and body weight of calves delivered (alive or dead); perioperative treatment; duration of hospitalization; and discharge status...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550133/short-communication-model-for-metritis-severity-predicts-that-disease-misclassification-underestimates-projected-milk-production-losses
#19
M M McCarthy, M W Overton
The objective of this research was to determine the effect of disease misclassification on the estimated effect of metritis on milk production. Misclassification introduces bias that usually results in an underestimation of the association between exposure (disease) and the outcome of interest (milk production). This distorted measure of association results from the comparison of an affected population (some of which may not truly be affected) to a nonaffected population (which often includes affected subjects that are unidentified)...
June 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537114/blood-calcium-glucose-and-haematology-profiles-of-parturient-bitches-diagnosed-with-uterine-inertia-or-obstructive-dystocia
#20
B L Frehner, I M Reichler, S Keller, S Goericke-Pesch, O Balogh
Bitches with dystocia most often present with clinical signs of uterine inertia (UI). The aetiology of myometrial dysfunction in most of these cases is still not elucidated. We compared blood ionized calcium (iCa) and glucose concentrations in bitches diagnosed with primary UI (PUI, n = 14), secondary UI (SUI, n = 6) or obstructive dystocia (OD, n = 6), and we described their haematology profiles. Bitches diagnosed with UI had a patent birth canal and delivered no puppies yet (PUI) or only part of the whole litter (SUI)...
June 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
keyword
keyword
37866
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"