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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216683/repair-of-an-acquired-diaphragmatic-hernia-with-surgical-mesh-in-a-foal
#1
Cheryl R Kolus, Jennifer M MacLeay, Eileen S Hackett
A foal born with assisted delivery developed rib fractures and a diaphragmatic hernia. The hernia was repaired using surgical mesh. The filly was healthy 42 months later. Dystocia is a risk factor for rib fractures and traumatic acquired diaphragmatic herniation. Surgical mesh repair is an option for diaphragmatic defects.
February 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208595/congenital-malformations-in-river-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#2
REVIEW
Sara Albarella, Francesca Ciotola, Emanuele D'Anza, Angelo Coletta, Luigi Zicarelli, Vincenzo Peretti
The world buffalo population is about 168 million, and it is still growing, in India, China, Brazil, and Italy. In these countries, buffalo genetic breeding programs have been performed for many decades. The occurrence of congenital malformations has caused a slowing of the genetic progress and economic loss for the breeders, due to the death of animals, or damage to their reproductive ability or failing of milk production. Moreover, they cause animal welfare reduction because they can imply foetal dystocia and because the affected animals have a reduced fitness with little chances of survival...
February 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195378/to-cut-or-not-to-cut-that-is-the-question-a-review-of-the-anatomy-the-technique-risks-and-benefits-of-an-episiotomy
#3
REVIEW
Mitchel Alan Muhleman, Islam Aly, Andrew Walters, Nitsa Topale, R Shane Tubbs, Marios Loukas
Childbirth can be a traumatic experience on the female body. Some techniques may be implemented to make the process smoother and decrease the potential lacerations that can occur. Episiotomies have been used by obstetricians and midwives to help make the fetal decent down the vaginal canal less turbulent. A physician must use his best judgment on when it is necessary to make this incision and what form of incision to make. Before making an incision one must understand the female external and internal anatomy and thoroughly comprehend the stages of birth to understand how and what complications can occur...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169185/reproductive-medicine-in-freshwater-turtles-and-land-tortoises
#4
REVIEW
Sean M Perry, Mark A Mitchell
Chelonian reproductive medicine is an extremely important facet to ensuring captive populations for the pet trade and conservation efforts around the globe. This review covers basic chelonian reproductive anatomy and physiology, natural history, behavior, and sexing chelonians, in addition to discussing reproductive disorders that are commonly seen by veterinarians. Reproductive disorders covered include infertility, dystocia, follicular stasis, egg yolk coelomitis, phallus prolapse, and reproductive neoplasia...
February 4, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169180/reproductive-medicine-in-lizards
#5
REVIEW
Zdenek Knotek, Eva Cermakova, Matteo Oliveri
Common reproductive problems in captive male lizards are hemipenile plugs in hemipenial sac, unilateral prolapse of hemipenis, or bilateral prolapse of hemipene. Although the orchiectomy is performed as a treatment for testicular disease, the effectiveness in reducing aggressive behavior is unclear. Female captive lizards suffer from cloacal prolapse, preovulatory follicular stasis, or dystocia. The veterinarian must differentiate between the disorders because the treatment differs. Mating, physical, or visual contact with the male stimulates ovulation and prevents preovulatory follicular stasis...
February 4, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161176/association-among-gestation-length-and-health-production-and-reproduction-in-holstein-cows-and-implications-for-their-offspring
#6
A Vieira-Neto, K N Galvão, W W Thatcher, J E P Santos
Objectives were to evaluate associations among gestation length (GL) and performance in Holstein cows and their offspring. A total of 8,095 Holstein cows and 3,635 female offspring born alive on 2 farms using only artificial insemination (AI) were evaluated. Gestation length averaged 276 ± 6 d in the 8,095 dams, and it was categorized as short (SGL; at least 1 SD below the population mean; mean = 266 d, range 256 to 269 d), average (AGL; population mean ± 1 SD; mean = 276 d, range 270 to 282 d), or long (LGL; at least 1 SD above the population mean; mean = 285 d, range 283 to 296 d)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156005/different-insulin-types-and-regimens-for-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes
#7
REVIEW
Sinéad M O'Neill, Louise C Kenny, Ali S Khashan, Helen M West, Rebecca Md Smyth, Patricia M Kearney
BACKGROUND: Insulin requirements may change during pregnancy, and the optimal treatment for pre-existing diabetes is unclear. There are several insulin regimens (e.g. via syringe, pen) and types of insulin (e.g. fast-acting insulin, human insulin). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different insulin types and different insulin regimens in pregnant women with pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (30 October 2016), ClinicalTrials...
February 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145565/temporary-hindlimb-paresis-following-dystocia-due-to-foetal-macrosomia-in-a-celebes-crested-macaque-macaca-nigra
#8
John James Debenham, Vanessa Bettembourg, Liv Østevik, Michaela Modig, Karin Hultin Jâderlund, Andreas Lervik
A multiparous Celebes crested macaque presented with dystocia due to foetal macrosomia, causing foetal mortality and hindlimb paresis. After emergency caesarean section, recovery of motor function took 1 month before hindlimbs were weight bearing and 2 months before re-integration with the troop.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141951/posterior-axilla-sling-traction-and-rotation-a-case-report-of-an-alternative-for-intractable-shoulder-dystocia
#9
Edoardo Taddei, Carolin Marti, Romina Capoccia-Brugger, Yves Brunisholz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141719/-more-than-meets-the-eye-when-the-neonatal-course-may-impact-several-years-out
#10
Fadiyla Dopwell, John Maypole, Bharati Sinha, Heidi Currier, William DeBassio, Marilyn Augustyn
Nadia is a 7-year-old girl who you have followed since her discharge from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Her parents are here today for an urgent visit with behavioral concerns, such as inattention, hyperactivity, and aggression.Nadia is a former 40-weeker born through vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery at 9 pounds 7 ounces. Her delivery was complicated with shoulder dystocia, which resulted in resuscitation. Her Apgar scores were 1, 3, and 4 at 1, 5, and 10 minutes, respectively. After intubation and stabilization on mechanical ventilation, Nadia was transferred to the NICU...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112692/symphysis-fundal-height-predicts-difficult-evolution-of-induced-labours
#11
Ugo Indraccolo, Lia Nardocci, Romolo Di Iorio, Marco Bonito, Salvatore Renato Indraccolo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Symphysis-fundal-height (SFH) could be prove useful for the management of labour. This study aims to assess the behaviour of induced labours in relationship with SFH values. METHODS: Prospective observational study in a sample of 158 women underwent induction with intravaginal dinoprostone for different indications. SFH, SFH corrected for station, gestational age and parity were considered independent variables in multivariable models. Vaginal delivery, operative vaginal delivery, Cesarean section, Cesarean section for dystocia, Cesarean section for cardiotochographyc abnormalities, oxytocin infusion (for potentiating labour), need of Kristeller's maneuvre, epidural anesthesia (on demand), episiotomy, time from the first dose of dinoprostone to delivery, and time of active phase of labour were considered dependent variables in multivariable models...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100403/concordance-between-women-s-self-reported-reasons-for-cesarean-delivery-and-hospital-discharge-records
#12
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Sindhu K Srinivas, Kristen H Kjerulff
BACKGROUND: Women's self-reports of whether they had a cesarean delivery are nearly 100% accurate, but there is little extant research on how accurately women self-report reasons for cesarean delivery when asked to recall this information in the postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: We compared women's self-reported reasons for cesarean with their hospital discharge records and examined correlates of variability in agreement between sources. METHODS: Data are from the First Baby Study, a cohort of 3,006 women who gave birth to their first baby between 2009 and 2011...
January 16, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099737/decreased-rates-of-shoulder-dystocia-and-brachial-plexus-injury-via-an-evidence-based-practice-bundle
#13
Laura E Sienas, Herman L Hedriana, Suzanne Wiesner, Barbara Pelletreau, Machelle D Wilson, Laurence E Shields
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a standardized approach to identify pregnant women at risk for shoulder dystocia (SD) is associated with reduced incidence of SD and brachial plexus injury (BPI). METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, prospective data were collected from 29 community-based hospitals in the USA during implementation of an evidence-based practice bundle, including an admission risk assessment, required "timeout" before operative vaginal delivery (OVD), and low-fidelity SD drills...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099684/a-multistate-population-based-analysis-of-linked-maternal-and-neonatal-discharge-records-to-identify-risk-factors-for-neonatal-brachial-plexus-injury
#14
Michael D Freeman, Shaun M Goodyear, Wendy M Leith
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interaction and contribution of maternal and fetal risk factors associated with neonatal brachial plexus injury (BPI). METHODS: In a case-control study, matched maternal and neonatal discharge records were accessed from US State Inpatient Databases for New Jersey (2010-2012), Michigan (2010-2011), and Hawaii (2010-2011). Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to evaluate associations between risk factors and BPI. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to build predictive models, including two stratified models evaluating deliveries among obese and diabetic cohorts...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093112/clinical-indicators-of-blood-gas-disturbances-elevated-l-lactate-concentration-and-other-abnormal-blood-parameters-in-newborn-beef-calves
#15
E R Homerosky, N A Caulkett, E Timsit, E A Pajor, J P Kastelic, M C Windeyer
Blood gas disturbances, commonly resulting from dystocia, are associated with failed transfer of passive immunity, morbidity and mortality in newborn calves. Modified APGAR scores intended to identify compromised calves are not widely adopted due to lack of practicality and inconsistent associations with blood parameters. The objective of this study was to determine clinical indicators of acidemia in newborn beef calves. Blood parameters at 10 min and 24 h after birth were compared to at-birth clinical examination parameters and calving characteristics in 77 commercial beef calves...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065366/-characteristics-of-induced-labors-at-marqu%C3%A3-s-de-valdecilla-university-hospital
#16
Marta González-Maestro, Izaskun Laurrieta-Saiz, Casandra García-González, Marta López-Mirones, Oihane Terán-Muñoz, Alicia Alonso-Salcines
OBJECTIVE: Induction of labor (IOL) is a common obstetric practice which has increased in recent decades. The main objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of induced labor at Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital. METHOD: A descriptive, retrospective study was performed between January 1st and April 30t(h) of 2014, by reviewing medical histories. A standardised registration has been used to collect data. RESULTS: There were a total of 376 IOL, the incidence was 35...
January 3, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003175/design-of-a-serious-game-for-handling-obstetrical-emergencies
#17
Estelle Jean Dit Gautier, Virginie Bot-Robin, Aurélien Libessart, Guillaume Doucède, Michel Cosson, Chrystèle Rubod
BACKGROUND: The emergence of new technologies in the obstetrical field should lead to the development of learning applications, specifically for obstetrical emergencies. Many childbirth simulations have been recently developed. However, to date none of them have been integrated into a serious game. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to design a new type of immersive serious game, using virtual glasses to facilitate the learning of pregnancy and childbirth pathologies...
December 21, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002642/modification-of-obstetric-emergency-simulation-scenarios-for-realism-in-a-home-birth-setting
#18
Janelle Komorowski, Tia Andrighetti, Melissa Benton
INTRODUCTION: Clinical competency and clear communication are essential for intrapartum care providers who encounter high-stakes, low-frequency emergencies. The challenge for these providers is to maintain infrequently used skills. The challenge is even more significant for midwives who manage births at home and who, due to low practice volume and low-risk clientele, may rarely encounter an emergency. In addition, access to team simulation may be limited for home-birth midwives. This project modified existing validated obstetric simulation scenarios for a home-birth setting...
January 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988119/rumination-time-and-reticuloruminal-temperature-as-possible-predictors-of-dystocia-in-dairy-cows
#19
L Kovács, F L Kézér, F Ruff, O Szenci
The objectives of this study were to explore changes of rumination time and reticuloruminal pH and temperature of dairy cows and heifers (means ± standard deviation; age = 5.8 ± 1.9; parity = 2.7 ± 1.4; body condition score = 3.2 ± 0.2) with eutocic (EUT, n = 10) and dystocic calving (DYS, n = 8). The recording period lasted from 3 d before calving until 7 d in milk. For the comparison of rumination time and reticuloruminal characteristics between groups, time to return to baseline (the time interval required to return to baseline from the delivery of the calf) and area under the curve (AUC; both for prepartum and postpartum periods) were calculated for each parameter...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982282/effects-of-perinatal-exposure-to-nonylphenol-on-delivery-outcomes-of-pregnant-rats-and-inflammatory-hepatic-injury-in-newborn-rats
#20
J Yu, Y Luo, X F Yang, M X Yang, J Yang, X S Yang, J Zhou, F Gao, L T He, J Xu
The current study aimed to investigate the effects of perinatal exposure to nonylphenol (NP) on delivery outcome of pregnant rats and subsequent inflammatory hepatic injury in newborn rats. The pregnant rats were divided into 2 groups: control group (corn oil) and NP exposure group. Thirty-four pregnant rats were administered NP or corn oil by gavage from the sixth day of pregnancy to 21 days postpartum, with blood samples collected at 12 and 21 days of pregnancy and 60 days after delivery. The NP concentration was measured by HPLC, with chemiluminescence used for detection of estrogen and progesterone levels...
December 8, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
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