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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426618/practice-bulletin-no-178-shoulder-dystocia
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426613/practice-bulletin-no-178-summary-shoulder-dystocia
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421604/comparison-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-based-on-the-new-iadpsg-2010-gestational-diabetes-criteria-and-maternal-body-mass-index
#3
Shan Jiang, David Chipps, Wah N Cheung, Max Mongelli
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes (GDM) have been controversial following the International Association for Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) 2010 recommendations to lower the diagnostic fasting blood sugar level threshold. AIM: To assess the pregnancy-related outcomes of women according to the different diagnostic criteria for GDM adjusting for body mass index categories. METHOD: A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted on 4081 pregnant women with positive 50 g glucose challenge test but without pre-gestational diabetes...
April 19, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414983/a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-comparing-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-between-hands-and-knees-delivery-position-and-supine-position-in-china
#4
Hongyu Zhang, Shurong Huang, Xiaolan Guo, Ningning Zhao, Yujing Lu, Min Chen, Yingxia Li, Junqin Wu, Lihua Huang, Fenglan Ma, Yuhong Yang, Xiaoli Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhou, Renfei Guo, Wenzhi Cai
BACKGROUND: the supine position is the most frequently offered for birth delivery in China and many other countries, but the hands-and-knees position is now gaining prominence with doctors in China. This study aims to examine the differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes among low-risk women who gave birth either in the hands-and-knees position or the supine position. METHODS: a randomised controlled trial was conducted in 11 hospitals in China from May to December in 2012...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400704/effects-of-dystocia-on-blood-gas-parameters-acid-base-balance-and-serum-lactate-concentration-in-heavy-draft-newborn-foals
#5
Yuki Kimura, Takahiro Aoki, Akiko Chiba, Yasuo Nambo
Dystocia is often lethal for neonatal foals; however, its clinicopathological features remain largely unknown. We investigated the effect of dystocia on the foal blood profile. Venous blood samples were collected from 35 foals (5 Percheron and 30 crossbreds between Percheron, Belgian, and Breton heavy draft horses) at 0 hr, 1 hr, 12 hr and 1 day after birth. Dystocia was defined as prolonged labor >30 min with strong fetal traction with or without fetal displacement. The dystocia group (n=13) showed lower mean values for pH (P<0...
2017: Journal of Equine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386483/mode-of-delivery-according-to-leisure-time-physical-activity-before-and-during-pregnancy-a-multicenter-cohort-study-of-low-risk-women
#6
Emilie Nor Nielsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Hanne Kristine Hegaard, Mette Juhl
Objectives. To examine the association between maternal leisure time physical activity and mode of delivery. Study Design. Population-based multicentre cohort. From the Danish Dystocia Study, we included 2,435 nulliparous women, who delivered a singleton infant in cephalic presentation at term after spontaneous onset of labor in 2004-2005. We analysed mode of delivery according to self-reported physical activity at four stages, that is, the year before pregnancy and during first, second, and third trimester, in logistic regression models...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380614/management-practices-associated-with-pain-in-cattle-on-western-canadian-cow-calf-operations-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
M A Moggy, E A Pajor, W E Thurston, S Parker, A M Greter, K S Schwartzkopf-Genswein, J R Campbell, M C Windeyer
The implementation of on-farm pain mitigation strategies is dependent on feasibility and importance to producers. Currently, there is a lack of information regarding adoption of management practices associated with pain in cattle within the Canadian beef industry. The objective of this mixed methods study was to describe pain-associated practices implemented on farm and producer perceptions toward pain mitigation strategies. A questionnaire about calving management and calf processing was delivered to 109 cow-calf producers in western Canada...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371224/use-of-an-early-labor-lounge-to-promote-admission-in-active-labor
#8
Julie A Paul, Susan M Yount, Rachel Blankstein Breman, Melissa LeClair, Diane M Keiran, Nannette Landry, Kimberly Dever
Professional maternity care organizations within the United States are aligned in the goal to prevent the first cesarean birth in nulliparous women with a term, singleton, vertex fetus. Currently, one in 3 women are at risk for having a cesarean birth. The most common reason for cesarean in the United States is labor dystocia. The evidence supports delaying admission to the birthing unit until active labor is established, thereby minimizing the inadvertent diagnosis of labor dystocia. Providers are familiar with the rationale supporting delayed admission to the birthing unit until active labor is established; however, there is very little evidence on how to effectively promote this delay...
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363067/uterine-rupture-and-cesarean-surgery-in-three-rio-cauca-caecilians-typhlonectes-natans
#9
Alberto Rodriguez Barbon, Matt Goetz, Javier Lopez, Andrew Routh
A uterine rupture of unknown etiology during gestation causing the death in a Rio Cauca caecilian ( Typhlonectes natans ) and successful anesthesia using tricaine methanesulfonate and cesarean section in three occasions in two other specimens because of suspected dystocia are described. One of the surgeries was performed at an early stage of embryo development, thereby preventing the survival of the neonates.
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363066/congestive-heart-failure-associated-with-pregnancy-in-okapi-okapia-johnstoni
#10
Joshua D Warren, Copper Aitken-Palmer, Alan D Weldon, Joseph P Flanagan, Lauren L Howard, Michael M Garner, Scott B Citino
Acute signs associated with cardiovascular disease occurred in three pregnant okapi ( Okapia johnstoni ) during early to midgestation and progressed to congestive heart failure. Congestive heart failure was diagnosed antemortem using echocardiography and plasma cardiac troponin levels. Clinical signs included decreased activity, hyporexia, tachypnea, dyspnea, flared nostrils, and productive coughing with copious amounts of foamy nasal discharge. Parenteral and oral treatment with furosemide, enalapril, and spironolactone controlled clinical signs in the three okapi allowing each to carry out one pregnancy to term...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351816/rotational-forceps-versus-manual-rotation-and-direct-forceps-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Stephen O'Brien, Fiona Day, Erik Lenguerrand, Katie Cornthwaite, Sian Edwards, Dimitrios Siassakos
OBJECTIVE: Rotational forceps and manual rotation followed by direct forceps are techniques used in the management of malposition of the fetal head in the second stage of labor. However, there is widespread debate regarding their relative safety and utility. We aimed to compare the effectiveness and safety of rotational forceps with manual rotation followed by direct forceps, for management of fetal malposition at full dilation. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study in a single tertiary obstetric unit with >6000 births per year...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344975/equine-dental-pulp-connective-tissue-particles-reduced-lameness-in-horses-in-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Alicia L Bertone, Nathalie A Reisbig, Allison H Kilborne, Mari Kaido, Navid Salmanzadeh, Rebecca Lovasz, Joy L Sizemore, Logan Scheuermann, Rosalind J Kopp, Lisa J Zekas, Matthew T Brokken
OBJECTIVE: To assess if injection of allogeneic dental pulp tissue particles would improve lameness in horses with naturally occurring osteoarthritis (OA) or soft tissue (ST) injury. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, and controlled clinical trial and client survey assessment. ANIMALS: Forty lame client-owned horses. PROCEDURES: Sterile dental pulp, recovered from otherwise healthy foals that perish during dystocia, was processed under good manufacturing processing to produce mechanically manipulated, unexpanded pulp tissue particles containing viable cells surrounded in extracellular matrix...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333794/route-of-delivery-in-women-with-stillbirth-results-from-the-stillbirth-collaborative-research-network
#13
Annelee Boyle, Jessica P Preslar, Carol J R Hogue, Robert M Silver, Uma M Reddy, Robert L Goldenberg, Barbara J Stoll, Michael W Varner, Deborah L Conway, George R Saade, Radek Bukowski, Donald J Dudley
OBJECTIVE: To describe delivery management of singleton stillbirths in a population-based, multicenter case series. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 611 women with singleton stillbirths at 20 weeks of gestation or greater from March 2006 to September 2008. Medical and delivery information was abstracted from medical records. Both antepartum and intrapartum stillbirths were included; these were analyzed both together and separately. The primary outcome was mode of delivery...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325126/trial-of-labour-after-caesarean-section-two-year-analysis-at-a-portuguese-centre
#14
Joao Abreu-Silva, Jorge Castro, Catarina Maia, Manuela Pinho, Claudina Carvalho
We conducted a retrospective study aimed at determining variables associated with a higher success rate for vaginal delivery after caesarean section, and assessing the impact of induction of labour. Secondarily, we aimed to describe our vaginal delivery and uterine rupture rates with the use of a controlled-release dinoprostone vaginal insert for cervical ripening. Of 292 women who met the inclusion criteria, induction of labour occurred in 48% (94% with dinoprostone). There was a non-significant difference between the vaginal delivery rate of spontaneous labour (57%) and induction of labour (33%), after adjusting for confounding variables...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321899/labor-induction-and-cesarean-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-first-births-in-pennsylvania-usa
#15
Kristen H Kjerulff, Laura B Attanasio, Joyce K Edmonds, Katy B Kozhimannil, John T Repke
BACKGROUND: Mode of delivery at first childbirth largely determines mode of delivery at subsequent births, so it is particularly important to understand risk factors for cesarean delivery at first childbirth. In this study, we investigated risk factors for cesarean delivery among nulliparous women, with focus on the association between labor induction and cesarean delivery. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 2851 nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies who attempted vaginal delivery at hospitals in Pennsylvania, 2009-2011, was conducted...
March 21, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317612/hormonal-electrolytic-and-electrocardiographic-evaluations-in-bitches-with-eutocia-and-dystocia
#16
Carla Regina Barbieri Simões, Flávia Gardilin Vassalo, Maria Lúcia Gomes Lourenço, Fabiana Ferreira de Souza, Eunice Oba, Mateus José Sudano, Nereu Carlos Prestes
The objective of the study was to assess clinical alterations, electrocardiographic, hematological, biochemical, hemogasometric, electrolytic, and hormone plasma concentrations in bitches with eutocia and dystocia. Overall, 28 bitches (dystocia, n = 22 and eutocia, n = 6) were assessed. The evaluations were performed at 2 time points, M1 (1 hour prepartum-eutocia group and cesarean or clinical intervention-dystocia group) and M2 (postpartum-eutocia or dystocia group and anesthetic recovery-dystocia group). The main clinical finding was the hypothermia (mean: 36...
December 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315935/double-balloon-catheter-for-induction-of-labour-in-women-with-a-previous-cesarean-section-could-it-be-the-best-choice
#17
Carlos De Bonrostro Torralba, Eva Lucía Tejero Cabrejas, Sabina Marti Gamboa, María Lapresta Moros, Jose Manuel Campillos Maza, Sergio Castán Mateo
INTRODUCTION: We analysed the efficacy and safety of double-balloon catheter for cervical ripening in women with a previous cesarean section and which were the most important variables associated with an increased risk of repeated cesarean delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed an observational retrospective study of 418 women with unfavourable cervices (Bishop Score <5), a prior cesarean delivery, and induction of labour with a double-balloon catheter...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290956/multidisciplinary-in-situ-simulation-based-training-as-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-quality-improvement-project
#18
Monica A Lutgendorf, Carmen Spalding, Elizabeth Drake, Dennis Spence, Jason O Heaton, Kristina V Morocco
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common obstetric emergency affecting 3 to 5% of deliveries, with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. Effective management of postpartum hemorrhage requires strong teamwork and collaboration. We completed a multidisciplinary in situ postpartum hemorrhage simulation training exercise with structured team debriefing to evaluate hospital protocols, team performance, operational readiness, and real-time identification of system improvements...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277361/route-of-delivery-in-women-with-stillbirth-results-from-the-stillbirth-collaborative-research-network
#19
Annelee Boyle, Jessica P Preslar, Carol J R Hogue, Robert M Silver, Uma M Reddy, Robert L Goldenberg, Barbara J Stoll, Michael W Varner, Deborah L Conway, George R Saade, Radek Bukowski, Donald J Dudley
OBJECTIVE: To describe delivery management of singleton stillbirths in a population-based, multicenter case series. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 611 women with singleton stillbirths at 20 weeks of gestation or greater from March 2006 to September 2008. Medical and delivery information was abstracted from medical records. Both antepartum and intrapartum stillbirths were included; these were analyzed both together and separately. The primary outcome was mode of delivery...
March 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238320/-oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labour-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-short-text
#20
C Dupont, M Carayol, C Le Ray, C Barasinski, R Beranger, A Burguet, A Chantry, C Chiesa, B Coulm, A Evrard, C Fischer, L Gaucher, C Guillou, F Leroy, E Phan, A Rousseau, V Tessier, F Vendittelli, C Deneux-Tharaux, D Riethmuller
OBJECTIVES: To define the different stages of spontaneous labour. To determine the indications, modalities of use and the effects of administering synthetic oxytocin. And to describe undesirable maternal and perinatal outcomes associated with the use of synthetic oxytocin. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out by searching Medline database and websites of obstetrics learned societies until March 2016. RESULTS: The 1st stage of labor is divided in a latence phase and an active phase, which switch at 5cm of cervical dilatation...
January 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
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