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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526775/canine-dystocia-in-50-uk-first-opinion-emergency-care-veterinary-practices-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#1
D G O'Neill, A M O'Sullivan, E A Manson, D B Church, A K Boag, P D McGreevy, D C Brodbelt
Dystocia can represent a major welfare issue for dogs of certain breeds and morphologies. First-opinion emergency-care veterinary caseloads represent a useful data resource for epidemiological research because dystocia can often result in emergency veterinary care. The study analysed a merged database of clinical records from 50 first-opinion emergency-care veterinary practices participating in the VetCompass Programme. Multivariable logistic regression modelling was used for risk factors analysis. There were 701 dystocia cases recorded among 18,758 entire female dogs, resulting in a dystocia prevalence of 3...
May 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523399/anal-sphincter-injury-in-vaginal-deliveries-complicated-by-shoulder-dystocia
#2
Mark P Hehir, Zachary Rubeo, Karen Flood, Anne H Mardy, Colm O'Herlihy, Peter C Boylan, Mary E D'Alton
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency that occurs in 0.2-3% of all cephalic vaginal deliveries. We hypothesized that because of the difficult nature of deliveries complicated by shoulder dystocia, the condition may be associated with anal sphincter injury. We sought to identify risk factors for obstetric anal sphincter injury in women with shoulder dystocia. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included all cases of shoulder dystocia from 2007 to 2011 at two large tertiary referral centers, in the USA and Ireland...
May 18, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505479/women-s-self-reported-experience-of-unplanned-caesarean-section-results-of-a-swedish-study
#3
Annika Karlström
BACKGROUND: women´s experience of emergency caesarean section is often described as less positive compared to a vaginal birth or a planned caesarean section. Midwifery care for women where deviations from a normal birth process are present is a challenge. The aim of study was to compare self-reported birth outcomes for women undergoing birth through spontaneous onset of labour between those who actually had a vaginal birth and those who eventually had an emergency caesarean section. DESIGN AND SETTING: the study was part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study of parents' experiences, attitudes, and beliefs related to childbirth...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504029/obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-population-based-retrospective-case-control-study-and-medicolegal-considerations
#4
Simona Zaami, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Fabrizio Signore, Nicola Felici, Vito Briganti, Giovanni Baglio, Enrico Marinelli, Vittorio Fineschi
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine 24 cases of obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) in 41,002 deliveries occurred at San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital in Rome, during the period 2000-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based retrospective case-control study was designed and the database of the hospital was searched; for each case, maternal and fetal records were examined and some risk factors were evaluated. RESULTS: A statistically significant association between the 24 cases OBPP and the following risk factors: primiparity (p < ...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499533/obstetric-emergencies-shoulder-dystocia-and-postpartum-hemorrhage
#5
REVIEW
Joshua D Dahlke, Asha Bhalwal, Suneet P Chauhan
Shoulder dystocia and postpartum hemorrhage represent two of the most common emergencies faced in obstetric clinical practice, both requiring prompt recognition and management to avoid significant morbidity or mortality. Shoulder dystocia is an uncommon, unpredictable, and unpreventable obstetric emergency and can be managed with appropriate intervention. Postpartum hemorrhage occurs more commonly and carries significant risk of maternal morbidity. Institutional protocols and algorithms for the prevention and management of shoulder dystocia and postpartum hemorrhage have become mainstays for clinicians...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499531/gestational-diabetes-diagnosis-classification-and-clinical-care
#6
REVIEW
Lynn R Mack, Paul G Tomich
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects approximately 6% of pregnant women, and prevalence is increasing in parallel with the obesity epidemic. Protocols for screening/diagnosing GDM are controversial with several guidelines available. Treatment of GDM results in a reduction in the incidence of preeclampsia, shoulder dystocia, and macrosomia. If diet and lifestyle changes do not result in target glucose levels, then treatment with metformin, glyburide, or insulin should begin. It is generally recommended that pregnancies complicated by GDM do not go beyond term...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498626/risk-of-labor-dystocia-increases-with-maternal-age-irrespective-of-parity-a-population-based-register-study
#7
Ulla Waldenström, Cecilia Ekéus
Advanced maternal age is associated with labor dystocia (LD) in nulliparous women. This study investigates the age-related risk of LD in first, second and third births MATERIAL AND METHODS: All live singleton cephalic births at term (≥37 gestational weeks) recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Register from1999 to 2011, except elective cesarean sections and fourth births and more, in total 998 675 pregnancies, were included in the study. LD was defined by ICD10 codes (O620, O621, O622, O629, O630, O631, and O639)...
May 12, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489924/neonatal-and-maternal-outcomes-of-successful-manual-rotation-to-correct-malposition-of-the-fetal-head-a-retrospective-and-prospective-observational-study
#8
Nicola Tempest, Naomi McGuinness, Steven Lane, Dharani K Hapangama
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the neonatal and maternal outcomes associated with successful operative vaginal births assisted by manual rotation. DESIGN: Prospective and retrospective observational study. SETTING: Delivery suite in a tertiary referral teaching hospital in England. POPULATION: A cohort of 2,426 consecutive operative births, in the second stage of labour, complicated with malposition of the fetal head during 2006-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483643/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter%C3%A2-1-definition-and-characteristics-of-normal-and-abnormal-labor
#9
R Béranger, A A Chantry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478794/inferring-causal-structures-and-comparing-the-causal-effects-among-calving-difficulty-gestation-length-and-calf-size-in-japanese-black-cattle
#10
K Inoue, M Hosono, Y Tanimoto
The objectives of this study were to infer phenotypic causal networks involving gestation length (GL) and calving difficulty (CD) for the primiparity of 1850 Japanese Black heifers, and the birth weight (BWT), withers height (WH) and chest girth (CHG) of their full blood calves, and to compare the causal effects among them. The inductive causation (IC) algorithm was employed to search for causal links among these traits; it was applied to the posterior distribution of the residual (co)variance matrix of a multiple-trait sire-maternal grand sire (MGS) model...
May 8, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476692/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter-7-epidural-analgesia-and-use-of-oxytocin-during-spontaneous-labor
#11
Catherine Fischer
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between epidural analgesia and oxytocin use during spontaneous labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature via the Medline and Cochrane databases. The key words used for this analysis included oxytocin and epidural. The articles selected related only to spontaneous labor. RESULTS: Based on data reflecting at least in part older practices of epidural analgesia that used high quantities of local anesthetic, studies of the effects of epidural analgesia suggest that those epidural methods had little effect on the first stage of labor but prolonged the second stage and increased the rate of instrumental but not cesarean delivery...
May 2, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476691/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-short-text
#12
C Dupont, M Carayol, C Le Ray, C Deneux-Tharaux, D Riethmuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473290/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter-3-interventions-associated-with-oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor
#13
C Barasinski, F Vendittelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473289/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter-2-indications-of-oxytocin-according-the-first-and-second-stages-of-spontaneous-labor
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462873/maternal-obesity-and-obstetric-outcomes-in-a-tertiary-referral-center
#15
Gitana Ramonienė, Laima Maleckienė, Rūta Jolanta Nadišauskienė, Eglė Bartusevičienė, Dalia Regina Railaitė, Regina Mačiulevičienė, Almantas Maleckas
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obese women are at an increased risk of various adverse pregnancy outcomes. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of obesity on maternal and neonatal outcomes in a tertiary referral center and to compare obstetric outcomes by the level of maternal obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study included 3247 women with singleton gestations who gave birth at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, in 2010...
April 19, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460741/factors-associated-with-the-number-of-calves-born-to-norwegian-beef-suckler-cows
#16
Ingrid H Holmøy, Sindre T Nelson, Adam D Martin, Ane Nødtvedt
A retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate factors associated with the number of calves born to Norwegian beef suckler cows. Production data from 20,541 cows in 2210 herds slaughtered over a three-year period (1st of January 2010 to 23rd of January 2013) were extracted from the national beef cattle registry. This study's inclusion criteria were met for 16,917 cows (from 1858 herds) which gave birth to 50,578 calves. The median number of calves born per cow was 2 (min 1, max 18). Two multilevel Poisson regression models with herd random effects showed that early maturing breeds (Hereford and Aberdeen Angus) gave birth to more calves than late maturing breeds (Charolais and Limousin) in four out of five areas of Norway...
May 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451041/indications-and-appropriateness-of-caesarean-sections-performed-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-uganda-a-retrospective-descriptive-study
#17
Jonathan Peter Nelson
INTRODUCTION: The WHO has identified an ideal caesarean section rate for a nation of 10-15%, but much higher rates are seen in tertiary referral centres in resource-poor countries. Interventions by the author to improve care and reduced unnecessary caesareans were undertaken including staff education and production of clinical guidelines. This study aimed to identify indications for caesareans and whether the decision to perform caesareans was appropriate in order to improve care, and whether the above interventions had an impact on this process...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447275/risk-factors-for-shoulder-dystocia-the-impact-of-mother-s-race-and-ethnicity
#18
Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Palmira Santos, Grant Ritter, Neha Varma, Ann Hendrich
Shoulder dystocia is a rare but severe birth trauma where the neonate's shoulders fail to deliver after delivery of the head. Failure to deliver the shoulders quickly can lead to severe, long-term injury to the infant, including nerve injury, skeletal fractures, and potentially death. This observational study examined shoulder dystocia risk factors by race and ethnicity using a sample of 19,236 pregnant women who presented for labor and delivery from July 1, 2010 until June 30, 2013 at five locations. Multivariate analyses were used to identify risk factors associated with shoulder dystocia occurrence in racial/ethnic groups with high incidence rates...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434752/effects-of-intrauterine-infusion-of-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide-on-uterine-health-resolution-of-purulent-vaginal-discharge-and-reproductive-performance-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#19
João G N Moraes, Paula R B Silva, Luís G D Mendonça, Alexandre A Scanavez, Joseane C C Silva, Ricardo C Chebel
The objectives of the current experiment were to evaluate the effects of intrauterine infusion of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in cows diagnosed with purulent vaginal discharge (PVD) on intrauterine cell population, resolution of PVD, uterine health, and reproductive performance. Jersey cows (n = 3,084) were examined using the Metricheck device to diagnose PVD at 35 ± 6 d postpartum. Purulent vaginal discharge was defined as the presence of purulent (≥50% pus) discharge detectable in the vagina...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426618/practice-bulletin-no-178-shoulder-dystocia
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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