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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100403/concordance-between-women-s-self-reported-reasons-for-cesarean-delivery-and-hospital-discharge-records
#1
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Sindhu K Srinivas, Kristen H Kjerulff
BACKGROUND: Women's self-reports of whether they had a cesarean delivery are nearly 100% accurate, but there is little extant research on how accurately women self-report reasons for cesarean delivery when asked to recall this information in the postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: We compared women's self-reported reasons for cesarean with their hospital discharge records and examined correlates of variability in agreement between sources. METHODS: Data are from the First Baby Study, a cohort of 3,006 women who gave birth to their first baby between 2009 and 2011...
January 16, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099737/decreased-rates-of-shoulder-dystocia-and-brachial-plexus-injury-via-an-evidence-based-practice-bundle
#2
Laura E Sienas, Herman L Hedriana, Suzanne Wiesner, Barbara Pelletreau, Machelle D Wilson, Laurence E Shields
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a standardized approach to identify pregnant women at risk for shoulder dystocia (SD) is associated with reduced incidence of SD and brachial plexus injury (BPI). METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, prospective data were collected from 29 community-based hospitals in the USA during implementation of an evidence-based practice bundle, including an admission risk assessment, required "timeout" before operative vaginal delivery (OVD), and low-fidelity SD drills...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099684/a-multistate-population-based-analysis-of-linked-maternal-and-neonatal-discharge-records-to-identify-risk-factors-for-neonatal-brachial-plexus-injury
#3
Michael D Freeman, Shaun M Goodyear, Wendy M Leith
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interaction and contribution of maternal and fetal risk factors associated with neonatal brachial plexus injury (BPI). METHODS: In a case-control study, matched maternal and neonatal discharge records were accessed from US State Inpatient Databases for New Jersey (2010-2012), Michigan (2010-2011), and Hawaii (2010-2011). Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to evaluate associations between risk factors and BPI. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to build predictive models, including two stratified models evaluating deliveries among obese and diabetic cohorts...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093112/clinical-indicators-of-blood-gas-disturbances-elevated-l-lactate-concentration-and-other-abnormal-blood-parameters-in-newborn-beef-calves
#4
E R Homerosky, N A Caulkett, E Timsit, E A Pajor, J P Kastelic, M C Windeyer
Blood gas disturbances, commonly resulting from dystocia, are associated with failed transfer of passive immunity, morbidity and mortality in newborn calves. Modified APGAR scores intended to identify compromised calves are not widely adopted due to lack of practicality and inconsistent associations with blood parameters. The objective of this study was to determine clinical indicators of acidemia in newborn beef calves. Blood parameters at 10 min and 24 h after birth were compared to at-birth clinical examination parameters and calving characteristics in 77 commercial beef calves...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065366/-characteristics-of-induced-labors-at-marqu%C3%A3-s-de-valdecilla-university-hospital
#5
Marta González-Maestro, Izaskun Laurrieta-Saiz, Casandra García-González, Marta López-Mirones, Oihane Terán-Muñoz, Alicia Alonso-Salcines
OBJECTIVE: Induction of labor (IOL) is a common obstetric practice which has increased in recent decades. The main objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of induced labor at Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital. METHOD: A descriptive, retrospective study was performed between January 1st and April 30t(h) of 2014, by reviewing medical histories. A standardised registration has been used to collect data. RESULTS: There were a total of 376 IOL, the incidence was 35...
January 3, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003175/design-of-a-serious-game-for-handling-obstetrical-emergencies
#6
Estelle Jean Dit Gautier, Virginie Bot-Robin, Aurélien Libessart, Guillaume Doucède, Michel Cosson, Chrystèle Rubod
BACKGROUND: The emergence of new technologies in the obstetrical field should lead to the development of learning applications, specifically for obstetrical emergencies. Many childbirth simulations have been recently developed. However, to date none of them have been integrated into a serious game. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to design a new type of immersive serious game, using virtual glasses to facilitate the learning of pregnancy and childbirth pathologies...
December 21, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002642/modification-of-obstetric-emergency-simulation-scenarios-for-realism-in-a-home-birth-setting
#7
Janelle Komorowski, Tia Andrighetti, Melissa Benton
INTRODUCTION: Clinical competency and clear communication are essential for intrapartum care providers who encounter high-stakes, low-frequency emergencies. The challenge for these providers is to maintain infrequently used skills. The challenge is even more significant for midwives who manage births at home and who, due to low practice volume and low-risk clientele, may rarely encounter an emergency. In addition, access to team simulation may be limited for home-birth midwives. This project modified existing validated obstetric simulation scenarios for a home-birth setting...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988119/rumination-time-and-reticuloruminal-temperature-as-possible-predictors-of-dystocia-in-dairy-cows
#8
L Kovács, F L Kézér, F Ruff, O Szenci
The objectives of this study were to explore changes of rumination time and reticuloruminal pH and temperature of dairy cows and heifers (means ± standard deviation; age = 5.8 ± 1.9; parity = 2.7 ± 1.4; body condition score = 3.2 ± 0.2) with eutocic (EUT, n = 10) and dystocic calving (DYS, n = 8). The recording period lasted from 3 d before calving until 7 d in milk. For the comparison of rumination time and reticuloruminal characteristics between groups, time to return to baseline (the time interval required to return to baseline from the delivery of the calf) and area under the curve (AUC; both for prepartum and postpartum periods) were calculated for each parameter...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982282/effects-of-perinatal-exposure-to-nonylphenol-on-delivery-outcomes-of-pregnant-rats-and-inflammatory-hepatic-injury-in-newborn-rats
#9
J Yu, Y Luo, X F Yang, M X Yang, J Yang, X S Yang, J Zhou, F Gao, L T He, J Xu
The current study aimed to investigate the effects of perinatal exposure to nonylphenol (NP) on delivery outcome of pregnant rats and subsequent inflammatory hepatic injury in newborn rats. The pregnant rats were divided into 2 groups: control group (corn oil) and NP exposure group. Thirty-four pregnant rats were administered NP or corn oil by gavage from the sixth day of pregnancy to 21 days postpartum, with blood samples collected at 12 and 21 days of pregnancy and 60 days after delivery. The NP concentration was measured by HPLC, with chemiluminescence used for detection of estrogen and progesterone levels...
December 8, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935148/customized-versus-population-based-growth-charts-to-identify-neonates-at-risk-of-adverse-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-bayesian-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#10
REVIEW
Giuseppe Chiossi, Claudia Pedroza, Maged M Costantine, Van Thi Thanh Truong, Giancarlo Gargano, George R Saade
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of customized versus population-based growth charts for prediction of adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: we searched MEDLINE, http://ClinicalTrials.gov and the Cochrane library up to May 31(st) 2016 to identify interventional and observational studies comparing adverse outcomes among large (LGA) and small (SGA) for gestational age neonates, when classified with customized versus population-based growth charts. We studied perinatal mortality and NICU admission among both SGA and LGA neonates, IUFD and neonatal mortality among SGA, shoulder dystocia, 3(rd) and 4(th) degree perineal lacerations, as well as neonatal hypoglycemia among LGA...
December 9, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923280/obstetric-and-neonatal-characteristics-of-pregnancy-and-delivery-for-infant-birthweight-%C3%A2-5-0kg
#11
David A Crosby, Sahar Ahmed, Aminah Razley, John J Morrison
AIM: Infant birthweight≥5.0 kg represents a significant risk factor for mother and neonate. The objective of this study was to examine the obstetric and neonatal outcome measures in a large cohort of such deliveries. METHODS: The data used for this study were prospectively entered into an obstetric computerized database during the period 1989-2013. All pregnancies where the delivery resulted in an infant weighing ≥5.0kg were identified. The results were retrospectively analyzed separately for parity, and a separate analysis was performed comparing the outcome measures observed in the earlier years of the study with those of the later years...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921380/induction-of-labour-for-suspected-macrosomia-at-term-in-non-diabetic-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
E R Magro-Malosso, G Saccone, M Chen, R Navathe, M Di Tommaso, V Berghella
BACKGROUND: Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) compared induction of labour with expectant management in non-diabetic women with suspected fetal macrosomia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of labour induction for suspected fetal macrosomia. SEARCH STRATEGY: Literature search in electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all RCTs of suspected fetal macrosomia comparing labour induction with expectant management in term pregnancy...
December 5, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872725/a-case-of-monocephalusrachipagus-tribrachius-tetrapus-in-a-puppy
#13
Adonis Pino, Arlenis Pérez, Aine Seavers, Guillermo Hermo
Caudal duplication (dipygus) is an uncommon pathologic of conjoined twinning. The conjoined malformation is classified according to the nature and site of the union. We report the presence of this malformation in a female crossbreed puppy. The puppy was delivered by caesarean section following a prolonged period of dystocia. External findings showed a single head (monocephalus) and a normal cranium with no fissure in the medial line detected. The thorax displayed a caudal duplication arising from the lumbosacral region (rachipagus)...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865501/cytological-endometritis-at-artificial-insemination-in-dairy-cows-prevalence-and-effect-on-pregnancy-outcome
#14
O Bogado Pascottini, M Hostens, P Sys, P Vercauteren, G Opsomer
The aims of our field study in dairy cows were (1) to consolidate cytotape (CT) as a valid technique to diagnose cytological endometritis (CYTO) during artificial insemination (AI); (2) to establish a cutoff point concerning the polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) proportion to diagnose CYTO at AI; (3) to assess the prevalence of CYTO at AI; and (4) to evaluate the effect of CYTO on the pregnancy outcome of that AI. The investigation was performed using 1,625 AI-CT samples harvested from 873 Holstein-Friesian cows from 18 dairy farms in the Flemish region of Belgium...
January 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857028/comparative-study-on-production-reproduction-and-functional-traits-between-fleckvieh-and-braunvieh-cattle
#15
Ludovic Toma Cziszter, Daniela Elena Ilie, Radu Ionel Neamt, Florin Cristian Neciu, Silviu Ilie Saplacan, Dinu Gavojdian
Objective: Aim of the current comparative study was to evaluate production outputs, reproduction efficiency and functional traits in dual-purpose Fleckvieh and Braunvieh cows, reared under temperate European conditions. Methods: A data-set from 414 Fleckvieh and 42 Braunvieh cows and 799 lactations was analysed. ID tag number, milk yield per milking session, number of steps/interval and milk conductivity were recorded and collected daily using AfiMilk 3.076 A-DU® software...
November 17, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824742/hip-dislocation-and-dystocia-in-early-medieval-times-possible-evidence-of-labor-maneuver
#16
Assumpció Malgosa, Susana Carrascal, Giampaolo Piga, Albert Isidro
BACKGROUND: In ancient times, maternal mortality would occur frequently, particularly during labor. Evidence of dystocia resulting in the death of a pregnant woman is very infrequent in paleopathologic literature, with only a few cases being demonstrated. CASE: In the early medieval site of Casserres, the skeleton of a young woman with a fetus in the pelvic region was found. Some abnormal findings of the maternal skeleton were evaluated, including a sacral anomaly, femoral head wound, the rare position of the lower left limb with the femoral head dislodged anteriorly and cephalad from the socket, and a fibular fracture...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813240/immediate-delivery-or-expectant-management-in-gestational-diabetes-at-term-the-ginexmal-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
S Alberico, A Erenbourg, M Hod, Y Yogev, E Hadar, F Neri, L Ronfani, G Maso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal and perinatal outcomes after induction of labour versus expectant management in pregnant women with gestational diabetes at term. DESIGN: Multicentre open-label randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Eight teaching hospitals in Italy, Slovenia, and Israel. SAMPLE: Singleton pregnancy, diagnosed with gestational diabetes by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria (IADPSGC), between 38(+0) and 39(+0) weeks of gestation, without other maternal or fetal conditions...
November 4, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811594/effect-of-implementing-a-standardized-shoulder-dystocia-documentation-form-on-quality-of-delivery-notes
#18
Lisa C Zuckerwise, Madison M Hustedt, Heather S Lipkind, Edmund F Funai, Cheryl A Raab, Christian M Pettker
OBJECTIVES: Complete and accurate documentation by the delivering provider in cases of shoulder dystocia is critical for providing clinical information and care to the patient and protecting providers from litigation risks. Standardized forms improve inclusion of certain data elements in the medical record, but the impact on subsequent narrative notes is unknown. We aimed to determine if implementation of a standardized shoulder dystocia documentation form improves obstetric provider written narrative delivery notes...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803087/bilateral-fractures-in-a-shoulder-dystocia-delivery
#19
Timothy Shao Ern Tan, Abida Mohamed, Sandeep Dharmaraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793109/predictive-factors-for-the-success-of-mcroberts-manoeuvre-and-suprapubic-pressure-in-relieving-shoulder-dystocia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Zara Lin Zau Lok, Yvonne Kwun Yue Cheng, Tak Yeung Leung
BACKGROUND: McRoberts' and suprapubic pressure are often recommended as the initial choices of manoeuvres to manage shoulder dystocia, as they are believed to be less invasive compared to other manoeuvres. However, their success rates range from 23 to 40 %. This study aims to investigate the predictive factors for the success of McRoberts' manoeuvre with or without suprapubic pressure (M+/-S). METHODS: All cases of shoulder dystocia in a tertiary hospital in South East Asia were recruited from 1995 to 2009...
October 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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