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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806131/how-to-tackle-the-orthopedic-maze
#1
Li Felländer-Tsai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805781/-surgical-treatment-of-hip-subluxation-and-luxation-in-children-with-spinal-hernia-consequences
#2
S V Ivanov, A G Baindurashvili, V M Kenis
AIM: To determine surgical tactics for hip subluxation and luxation in children with spinal hernia consequences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 134 patients with hip subluxation and luxation with consequences of cerebrospinal hernias who were examined at the Turner Research Institute for Children's Orthopedics in 2006-2016. The main group consisted of 69 patients who received surgical treatment with hip joint stabilization. The control group included 65 children without surgery...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805069/assessing-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Eman J Abdullah, Hanan E Badr
The main objective of this paper was to assess the level and the determinants of quality of life (QOL) amongst patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A cross-sectional study was conducted among a convenience sample of 200 adult MS patients. Inclusion criteria were: MS diagnosis for at least one year, and aged 21+ years. However, exclusion criteria were: having other neurological diseases, serious cardiovascular, orthopedic or other disability precluding participation. Self-administered questionnaire employed MSQOL-54 with two outcomes: Physical Health Composite (PHC) and mental health composite (MHC)...
August 13, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804751/ultrasound-imaging-and-segmentation-of-bone-surfaces-a-review
#4
Ilker Hacihaliloglu
Due to its real-time, non-radiation based three-dimensional (3D) imaging capabilities, ultrasound (US) has been incorporated into various orthopedic procedures. However, imaging artifacts, low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and bone boundaries appearing several mm in thickness make the analysis of US data difficult. This paper provides a review about the state-of-the-art bone segmentation and enhancement methods developed for two-dimensional (2D) and 3D US data. First, an overview for the appearance of bone surface response in B-mode data is presented...
June 2017: Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804581/influence-of-eysenckian-personality-traits-in-choice-of-specialization-by-young-omani-doctors
#5
Mohammed Al-Alawi, Hamed Al-Sinawi, Salim Al-Husseini, Samir Al-Adawi, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Sahar Khan, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan
OBJECTIVES: The role of personality in occupational specialty choices has been explored in many parts of the world. To our knowledge, there is a dearth of such studies in the Arab/Islamic population and Oman is no exception. This study aimed to explore the relationship between personality traits and specialty choice among residents of Oman Medical Specialty Board (OMSB). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among Omani resident physicians working under OMSB...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803514/investigation-sensitivity-analysis-and-multi-objective-optimization-of-effective-parameters-on-temperature-and-force-in-robotic-drilling-cortical-bone
#6
Vahid Tahmasbi, Majid Ghoreishi, Mojtaba Zolfaghari
The bone drilling process is very prominent in orthopedic surgeries and in the repair of bone fractures. It is also very common in dentistry and bone sampling operations. Due to the complexity of bone and the sensitivity of the process, bone drilling is one of the most important and sensitive processes in biomedical engineering. Orthopedic surgeries can be improved using robotic systems and mechatronic tools. The most crucial problem during drilling is an unwanted increase in process temperature (higher than 47 °C), which causes thermal osteonecrosis or cell death and local burning of the bone tissue...
August 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801582/percutaneous-placement-of-iliosacral-screws-under-the-guidance-of-axial-view-projection-of-the-s1-pedicle-a-case-series
#7
Yingchao Yin, Zhiyong Hou, Ruipeng Zhang, Lin Jin, Wei Chen, Yingze Zhang
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous placement of iliosacral screws under the guidance of axial view projection of the S1 pedicle clinically. This case series includes 58 consecutive unstable pelvic injury patients, which were treated with iliosacral screws between July 2011 and July 2016. Patients were divided into two groups: normal sacrum (n = 31) and dysmorphic sacrum (n = 27). A single orthopedic surgeon operated on all patients, with percutaneous placement of iliosacral screws under the guidance of axial view projection of the S1 pedicle...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801032/physiotherapy-for-patients-with-shoulder-pain-in-primary-care-a-descriptive-study-of-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management
#8
Y H J M Karel, G G M Scholten-Peeters, M Thoomes-de Graaf, E Duijn, J B van Broekhoven, B W Koes, A P Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is one of the three main musculoskeletal complaints and more than 50% of the patients have symptoms longer than 6 months. Until now, limited data exist about the content of physiotherapy for patients with shoulder pain in primary care. OBJECTIVE: Describe current physiotherapeutic diagnostic- and therapeutic management, including the use of diagnostic ultrasound, in patients with shoulder pain in primary care. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study in primary care physiotherapy with a 12 week follow-up...
November 28, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800859/the-role-of-psychiatric-diagnoses-for-outcome-after-hip-and-knee%C3%A2-arthroplasty
#9
Silas H Gylvin, Christoffer C Jørgensen, Anders F Jensen, Gunnar H Gislason, Henrik Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Surgical patients receiving psychopharmacologic treatment have been associated with adverse outcomes in total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a specific high-risk group of patients receiving psychopharmacologic treatment could be identified based upon a nationwide psychiatric diagnosis register. METHODS: From 7 different orthopedic centers, 8288 THA and TKA patients were included from January 2010 to November 2012 of which 943 (11...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800572/do-demographic-factors-of-spine-surgeons-affect-the-rate-at-which-spinal-fusion-is-performed-on-patients
#10
Michael S Schallmo, Ralph W Cook, Joseph A Weiner, Danielle S Chun, Kathryn A Barth, Sameer K Singh, Alpesh A Patel, Wellington K Hsu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations between spine surgeon demographics and the rate at which elective spine fusion is performed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Rapidly increasing rates of elective spinal fusion in the United States have given rise to important questions about what factors may drive spine surgeon decision making. METHODS: Publicly available spine surgeon practice pattern data from Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services were reviewed retrospectively...
August 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799812/high-prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-patients-with-bone-tumors
#11
Konstantin Horas, Gerrit Maier, Franz Jakob, Uwe Maus, Andreas Kurth, Axel Jakuscheit, Maximilian Rudert, Boris Michael Holzapfel
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with different types of bone tumors and to elucidate whether or not there are differences in prediagnostic vitamin D levels in patients with malignant compared to benign bone tumors. Prediagnostic serum 25(OH)D levels of 105 consecutive patients that presented with bone tumors and tumor-like lesions to two Orthopedic Level I University Centers in Germany between 2011 and 2016 were measured on admission. We found an alarming and widespread rate of vitamin D deficiency in patients with bone tumors...
August 11, 2017: Cancer Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799638/ftir-characterization-and-release-of-bovine-serum-albumin-from-bioactive-glasses
#12
Wai-Ching Liu, Blake Ballenger, Amnah Algarni, Mariano Velez, Tien-Min G Chu
BACKGROUND: Bioactive glass has attracted substantial interest in orthopedics, but it has been less explored as a drug carrier. This study investigated the bovine serum albumin (BSA) release from bioactive 13-93B0 and 13-93B3 glasses. METHODS: Glass disks (13-93B0 and 13-93B3; n = 5) were loaded with 4 mg of BSA and coated under different chitosan-coating conditions. The amount of BSA released in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was evaluated, and a degradation study was performed to find out the weight loss and pH of PBS...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799523/bactericidal-activity-of-the-ti-13nb-13zr-alloy-against-different-species-of-bacteria-related-with-implant-infection
#13
John-Jairo Aguilera-Correa, Ana Conde, Maria-Angeles Arenas, Juan-Jose de-Damborenea, Miguel Marin, Antonio L Doadrio, Jaime Esteban
The Ti-6Al-4V alloy is one of the most commonly used in orthopedic surgery. Despite its advantages, there is an increasing need to use new titanium alloys with no toxic elements and improved biomechanical properties, such as Ti-13Nb-13Zr. Prosthetic joint infections (PJI) are mainly caused by Gram-positive bacteria; however, Gram-negative bacteria are a growing problem due to associated multidrug resistance. In this study, the bacterial adherence and viability on the Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy have been compared to that of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy using 16 collection and clinical strains of bacterial species related to PJI: Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
August 11, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799133/tablets-for-image-review-and-communication-in-daily-routine-of-orthopedic-surgeons-an-evaluation-study
#14
Sven Y Vetter, Svenja Schüler, Matthes Hackbusch, Michael Müller, Benedict Swartman, Marc Schnetzke, Paul Alfred Grützner, Jochen Franke
Medical images are essential in modern traumatology and orthopedic surgery. Access to images is often cumbersome due to a limited number of workstations. Moreover, due to the tremendous increase of data, the time to review or to communicate images has also become limited. One approach to overcome these problems is to make use of modern mobile devices, like tablet computers, to facilitate image access and associated workflows. Ten orthopedic surgeons were equipped with an Apple iPad mini 2 and specialized viewing software for medical images...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797134/looking-beyond-the-intervertebral-disc-the-need-for-behavioral-assays-in-models-of-discogenic-pain
#15
REVIEW
Grace E Mosley, Thomas W Evashwick-Rogler, Alon Lai, James C Iatridis
Orthopedic research into chronic discogenic back pain has commonly focused on aging- and degeneration-related changes in intervertebral disc structure, biomechanics, and biology. However, the primary spine-related reason for physician office visits is pain. The ambiguous nature of the human condition of discogenic low back pain motivates the use of animal models to better understand the pathophysiology. Discogenic back pain models must consider both emergent behavioral changes following pain induction and changes in the nervous system that mediate such behavior...
August 10, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796986/evaluation-of-stomatognathic-problems-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-osteogenesis-imperfecta-oi-preliminary-study
#16
Danuta Smoląg, Małgorzata Kulesa-Mrowiecka, Jerzy Sułko
According to epidemiological data, muscular dysfunctions of the masticatory system occur in 15-23% of the population. Preventive examinations of functional disorders of the stomatognathic system are, therefore, of particular importance. A distinct group of patients exposed to dysfunctions in the area of the masticatory organ locomotor apparatus comprises those with genetic diseases characterised by disorders in collagen formation. One of such diseases is osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and dentinogenesis imperfecta that usually goes together with the former...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796543/metal-artifact-reduction-for-orthopedic-implants-o-mar-usefulness-in-ct-evaluation-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#17
Euddeum Shim, Yusuhn Kang, Joong Mo Ahn, Eugene Lee, Joon Woo Lee, Joo Han Oh, Heung Sik Kang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of the metal artifact reduction algorithm for orthopedic implants (O-MAR) on CT image quality for patients with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA), with emphasis placed on the evaluation of bone in the vicinity of prostheses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients who underwent CT scanning after RTSA were enrolled in the study. Two radiologists analyzed the images reconstructed with filtered back projection (FBP) with or without O-MAR processing...
August 10, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796075/muscle-gap-approach-under-a-minimally-invasive-channel-technique-for-treating-long-segmental-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-retrospective-study
#18
Yang Bin, Wang De Cheng, Wang Zong Wei, Li Hui
This study aimed to compare the efficacy of muscle gap approach under a minimally invasive channel surgical technique with the traditional median approach.In the Orthopedics Department of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital, Tongzhou District, Beijing, 68 cases of lumbar spinal canal stenosis underwent surgery using the muscle gap approach under a minimally invasive channel technique and a median approach between September 2013 and February 2016. Both approaches adopted lumbar spinal canal decompression, intervertebral disk removal, cage implantation, and pedicle screw fixation...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796072/one-visualization-simulation-operation-system-for-distal-femoral-fracture
#19
Dan Wang, Ning Li, Ming Luo, Yao-Kun Chen
A computer-aided 3-dimensional (3D) visualization operation simulation system based on computer-aided design (CAD) Unigraphics NX and Mimics software was established to provide orthopedic surgeons with an actual and reliable system in treating of distal femoral fracture.According to the preoperative CT data, 3D reconstruction of the distal femoral fracture could be achieved by the Mimics software. Then, the CAD Unigraphics NX software was used to measure the model function of all the related surgical instruments, including less invasive stabilization system (LISS) and retrograde intramedullary nail fixation...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#20
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
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