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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324046/gustatory-processing-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#1
Kristin Scott
The ability to identify nutrient-rich food and avoid toxic substances is essential for an animal's survival. Although olfaction and vision contribute to food detection, the gustatory system acts as a final checkpoint control for food acceptance or rejection. The vinegar fly Drosophila melanogaster tastes many of the same stimuli as mammals and provides an excellent model system for comparative studies of taste detection. The relative simplicity of the fly brain and behaviors, along with the molecular genetic and functional approaches available in this system, allow the examination of gustatory neural circuits from sensory input to motor output...
January 7, 2018: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305462/type-i-interferons-instigate-fetal-demise-after-zika-virus-infection
#2
Laura J Yockey, Kellie A Jurado, Nitin Arora, Alon Millet, Tasfia Rakib, Kristin M Milano, Andrew K Hastings, Erol Fikrig, Yong Kong, Tamas L Horvath, Scott Weatherbee, Harvey J Kliman, Carolyn B Coyne, Akiko Iwasaki
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy is associated with adverse fetal outcomes, including microcephaly, growth restriction, and fetal demise. Type I interferons (IFNs) are essential for host resistance against ZIKV, and IFN-α/β receptor (IFNAR)-deficient mice are highly susceptible to ZIKV infection. Severe fetal growth restriction with placental damage and fetal resorption is observed after ZIKV infection of type I IFN receptor knockout (Ifnar1-/-) dams mated with wild-type sires, resulting in fetuses with functional type I IFN signaling...
January 5, 2018: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280137/multi-site-investigation-of-strategies-for-the-implementation-of-cyp2c19-genotype-guided-antiplatelet-therapy
#3
Philip E Empey, James M Stevenson, Sony Tuteja, Kristin W Weitzel, Dominick J Angiolillo, Amber L Beitelshees, James C Coons, Julio D Duarte, Francesco Franchi, Linda J B Jeng, Julie A Johnson, Rolf P Kreutz, Nita A Limdi, Kristin A Maloney, Aniwaa Owusu Obeng, Josh F Peterson, Natasha Petry, Victoria M Pratt, Fabiana Rollini, Stuart A Scott, Todd C Skaar, Mark R Vesely, George A Stouffer, Russell A Wilke, Larisa H Cavallari, Craig R Lee
CYP2C19 genotype-guided antiplatelet therapy following percutaneous coronary intervention is increasingly implemented in clinical practice. However, challenges such as selecting a testing platform, communicating test results, building clinical decision support processes, providing patient and provider education, and integrating methods to support the translation of emerging evidence to clinical practice are barriers to broad adoption. In this report, we compare and contrast implementation strategies of 12 early adopters, describing solutions to common problems and initial performance metrics for each program...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279247/latent-class-cluster-analysis-of-symptom-ratings-identifies-distinct-subgroups-within-the-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-syndrome
#4
Arthur T Ryan, Jean Addington, Carrie E Bearden, Kristin S Cadenhead, Barbara A Cornblatt, Daniel H Mathalon, Thomas H McGlashan, Diana O Perkins, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Scott W Woods, Tyrone D Cannon, Elaine F Walker
The clinical-high-risk for psychosis (CHR-P) syndrome is heterogeneous in terms of clinical presentation and outcomes. Identifying more homogenous subtypes of the syndrome may help clarify its etiology and improve the prediction of psychotic illness. This study applied latent class cluster analysis (LCCA) to symptom ratings from the North American Prodrome Longitudinal Studies 1 and 2 (NAPLS 1 and 2). These analyses produced evidence for three to five subgroups within the CHR-P syndrome. Differences in negative and disorganized symptoms distinguished among the subgroups...
December 23, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273807/protein-altering-variants-associated-with-body-mass-index-implicate-pathways-that-control-energy-intake-and-expenditure-in-obesity
#5
Valérie Turcot, Yingchang Lu, Heather M Highland, Claudia Schurmann, Anne E Justice, Rebecca S Fine, Jonathan P Bradfield, Tõnu Esko, Ayush Giri, Mariaelisa Graff, Xiuqing Guo, Audrey E Hendricks, Tugce Karaderi, Adelheid Lempradl, Adam E Locke, Anubha Mahajan, Eirini Marouli, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kristin L Young, Tamuno Alfred, Mary F Feitosa, Nicholas G D Masca, Alisa K Manning, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C Y Ng, Alex P Reiner, Sailaja Vedantam, Sara M Willems, Thomas W Winkler, Gonçalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Dewan S Alam, Sameer E Alharthi, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Lia E Bang, Inês Barroso, Lisa Bastarache, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Marco Brumat, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, Peter T Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, David J Carey, Eulalia Catamo, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der I Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, David S Crosslin, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Angela D'Eustacchio, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W Bakker, Mark C H Groot, Renée Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Martin Heijer, Anneke I Hollander, Hester M Ruijter, Joe G Dennis, Josh C Denny, Emanuele Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Todd L Edwards, David Ellinghaus, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, I Sadaf Farooqi, Jessica D Faul, Sascha Fauser, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Oscar H Franco, Andre Franke, Paul W Franks, Nele Friedrich, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Jane Gibson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anette P Gjesing, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Struan F A Grant, Niels Grarup, Helen L Griffiths, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Hakon Hakonarson, Anke R Hammerschlag, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Christian T Have, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Yao Hu, Paul L Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Yucheng Jia, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Sekar Kathiresan, Frank Kee, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Eric Kim, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Peter Kovacs, Helena Kuivaniemi, Zoltán Kutalik, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, David Lamparter, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, Nanette R Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Dajiang J Liu, Yongmei Liu, Ken S Lo, Artitaya Lophatananon, Andrew J Lotery, Anu Loukola, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Angela L Mazul, Mark I McCarthy, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Sarah E Medland, Karina Meidtner, Lili Milani, Vanisha Mistry, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Carmel Moore, Trevor A Mori, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Dale R Nyholt, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Nicholette D Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Thomas N Person, Annette Peters, Eva R B Petersen, Patricia A Peyser, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Tinca J Polderman, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Frida Renström, Myriam Rheinberger, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Manuel A Rivas, David J Roberts, Neil R Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Robert E Schoen, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati H Shah, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xueling Sim, Andrew J Slater, Kerrin S Small, Albert V Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Amy J Swift, Hayato Tada, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Sander W Laan, Cornelia M Duijn, Nienke Leeuwen, Jessica van Setten, Mauno Vanhala, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronesi, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Uwe Völker, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Erin B Ware, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Dawn M Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D White, Cristen J Willer, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Andrew R Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhou, Krina T Zondervan, Jerome I Rotter, John A Pospisilik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Kari E North, Cecilia M Lindgren, Joel N Hirschhorn, Ruth J F Loos
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >250 loci for body mass index (BMI), implicating pathways related to neuronal biology. Most GWAS loci represent clusters of common, noncoding variants from which pinpointing causal genes remains challenging. Here we combined data from 718,734 individuals to discover rare and low-frequency (minor allele frequency (MAF) < 5%) coding variants associated with BMI. We identified 14 coding variants in 13 genes, of which 8 variants were in genes (ZBTB7B, ACHE, RAPGEF3, RAB21, ZFHX3, ENTPD6, ZFR2 and ZNF169) newly implicated in human obesity, 2 variants were in genes (MC4R and KSR2) previously observed to be mutated in extreme obesity and 2 variants were in GIPR...
January 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273806/multiancestry-association-study-identifies-new-asthma-risk-loci-that-colocalize-with-immune-cell-enhancer-marks
#6
Florence Demenais, Patricia Margaritte-Jeannin, Kathleen C Barnes, William O C Cookson, Janine Altmüller, Wei Ang, R Graham Barr, Terri H Beaty, Allan B Becker, John Beilby, Hans Bisgaard, Unnur Steina Bjornsdottir, Eugene Bleecker, Klaus Bønnelykke, Dorret I Boomsma, Emmanuelle Bouzigon, Christopher E Brightling, Myriam Brossard, Guy G Brusselle, Esteban Burchard, Kristin M Burkart, Andrew Bush, Moira Chan-Yeung, Kian Fan Chung, Alexessander Couto Alves, John A Curtin, Adnan Custovic, Denise Daley, Johan C de Jongste, Blanca E Del-Rio-Navarro, Kathleen M Donohue, Liesbeth Duijts, Celeste Eng, Johan G Eriksson, Martin Farrall, Yuliya Fedorova, Bjarke Feenstra, Manuel A Ferreira, Maxim B Freidin, Zofia Gajdos, Jim Gauderman, Ulrike Gehring, Frank Geller, Jon Genuneit, Sina A Gharib, Frank Gilliland, Raquel Granell, Penelope E Graves, Daniel F Gudbjartsson, Tari Haahtela, Susan R Heckbert, Dick Heederik, Joachim Heinrich, Markku Heliövaara, John Henderson, Blanca E Himes, Hiroshi Hirose, Joel N Hirschhorn, Albert Hofman, Patrick Holt, Jouke Hottenga, Thomas J Hudson, Jennie Hui, Medea Imboden, Vladimir Ivanov, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Alan James, Christer Janson, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Deborah Jarvis, Graham Jones, Ingileif Jonsdottir, Pekka Jousilahti, Michael Kabesch, Mika Kähönen, David B Kantor, Alexandra S Karunas, Elza Khusnutdinova, Gerard H Koppelman, Anita L Kozyrskyj, Eskil Kreiner, Michiaki Kubo, Rajesh Kumar, Ashish Kumar, Mikko Kuokkanen, Lies Lahousse, Tarja Laitinen, Catherine Laprise, Mark Lathrop, Susanne Lau, Young-Ae Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Sébastien Letort, Albert M Levin, Guo Li, Liming Liang, Laura R Loehr, Stephanie J London, Daan W Loth, Ani Manichaikul, Ingo Marenholz, Fernando J Martinez, Melanie C Matheson, Rasika A Mathias, Kenji Matsumoto, Hamdi Mbarek, Wendy L McArdle, Mads Melbye, Erik Melén, Deborah Meyers, Sven Michel, Hamida Mohamdi, Arthur W Musk, Rachel A Myers, Maartje A E Nieuwenhuis, Emiko Noguchi, George T O'Connor, Ludmila M Ogorodova, Cameron D Palmer, Aarno Palotie, Julie E Park, Craig E Pennell, Göran Pershagen, Alexey Polonikov, Dirkje S Postma, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Valery P Puzyrev, Benjamin A Raby, Olli T Raitakari, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, Stephen S Rich, Colin F Robertson, Isabelle Romieu, Muhammad T Salam, Veikko Salomaa, Vivi Schlünssen, Robert Scott, Polina A Selivanova, Torben Sigsgaard, Angela Simpson, Valérie Siroux, Lewis J Smith, Maria Solodilova, Marie Standl, Kari Stefansson, David P Strachan, Bruno H Stricker, Atsushi Takahashi, Philip J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Carla M T Tiesler, Dara G Torgerson, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, André G Uitterlinden, Ralf J P van der Valk, Amaury Vaysse, Sailaja Vedantam, Andrea von Berg, Erika von Mutius, Judith M Vonk, Johannes Waage, Nick J Wareham, Scott T Weiss, Wendy B White, Magnus Wickman, Elisabeth Widén, Gonneke Willemsen, L Keoki Williams, Inge M Wouters, James J Yang, Jing Hua Zhao, Miriam F Moffatt, Carole Ober, Dan L Nicolae
We examined common variation in asthma risk by conducting a meta-analysis of worldwide asthma genome-wide association studies (23,948 asthma cases, 118,538 controls) of individuals from ethnically diverse populations. We identified five new asthma loci, found two new associations at two known asthma loci, established asthma associations at two loci previously implicated in the comorbidity of asthma plus hay fever, and confirmed nine known loci. Investigation of pleiotropy showed large overlaps in genetic variants with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases...
January 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248076/strengthsfinder%C3%A2-signature-themes-of-talent-in-pharmacy-residents-at-four-midwestern-pharmacy-schools
#7
Gary C Yee, Kristin K Janke, Patrick D Fuller, Katherine A Kelley, Steven A Scott, Todd D Sorensen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: StrengthsFinder® is a widely-used assessment that can be used to help student pharmacists discover their talents (i.e., signature themes [STs]) and develop their leadership skills. The assessment has also been used in pharmacy residents, but the prevalence of various STs in that group has not been compared to those in student pharmacists. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Residents from four midwestern pharmacy institutions completed StrengthsFinder® 2...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224218/researchers-supporting-schools-to-improve-health-influential-factors-and-outcomes-of-knowledge-brokering-in-the-compass-study
#8
Kristin M Brown, Susan J Elliott, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Although schools are considered opportune settings for youth health interventions, a gap between school health research and practice exists. COMPASS, a longitudinal study of Ontario and Alberta secondary students and schools (2012-2021), used integrated knowledge translation to enhance schools' uptake of research findings. Schools received annual summaries of their students' health behaviors and suggestions for action, and were linked with COMPASS knowledge brokers to support them in making changes to improve student health...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216352/identification-of-estrogen-related-receptor-alpha-agonists-in-the-tox21-compound-library
#9
Caitlin Lynch, Jinghua Zhao, Ruili Huang, Noriko Kanaya, Lauren Bernal, Jui-Hua Hsieh, Scott S Auerbach, Kristine L Witt, B Alex Merrick, Shiuan Chen, Christina T Teng, Menghang Xia
The estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRα) is an orphan nuclear receptor (NR) that plays a role in energy homeostasis and controls mitochondrial oxidative respiration. Increased expression of ERRα in certain ovarian, breast, and colon cancers has a negative prognosis, indicating an important role for ERRα in cancer progression. An interaction between ERRα and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) has also recently been shown to regulate an enzyme in the β-oxidation of free fatty acids, thereby suggesting that ERRα plays an important role in obesity and type 2 diabetes...
December 4, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187096/survey-of-living-organ-donors-experience-and-directions-for-process-improvement
#10
Timmy Li, M Katherine Dokus, Kristin N Kelly, Nene Ugoeke, James R Rogers, George Asham, Venkatesh Abhishek Sharma, Dominic J Cirillo, Mary K Robinson, Erika K Venniro, Jeremy G Taylor, Mark S Orloff, Scott McIntosh, Randeep Kashyap
INTRODUCTION: Understanding living organ donors' experience with donation and challenges faced during the process is necessary to guide the development of effective strategies to maximize donor benefit and increase the number of living donors. METHODS: An anonymous self-administered survey, specifically designed for this population based on key informant interviews, was mailed to 426 individuals who donated a kidney or liver at our institution. Quantitative and qualitative methods including open and axial coding were used to analyze donor responses...
September 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154268/patient-characteristics-and-outcomes-associated-with-receiving-an-earlier-versus-later-diagnosis-of-probable-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Noam Y Kirson, J Scott Andrews, Urvi Desai, Sarah B King, Sophie Schonfeld, Howard G Birnbaum, Daniel E Ball, Kristin Kahle-Wrobleski
BACKGROUND: Effectiveness of Alzheimer's disease (AD) treatments may depend critically on the timeliness of intervention. OBJECTIVE: To compare characteristics and outcomes of patients diagnosed with probable AD (prAD) based on time elapsed from first onset of cognitive decline. METHODS: Patients with ≥1 prAD diagnosis and ≥1 follow-up visit were selected from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center (NACC) Uniform Data Set (UDS; 9/2005-6/2015) and stratified based on the time between the perceived onset of cognitive decline at baseline and first prAD diagnosis (i...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133598/half-lives-of-pfos-pfhxs-and-pfoa-after-end-of-exposure-to-contaminated-drinking-water
#12
Ying Li, Tony Fletcher, Daniel Mucs, Kristin Scott, Christian H Lindh, Pia Tallving, Kristina Jakobsson
BACKGROUND: Municipal drinking water contaminated with perfluorinated alkyl acids had been distributed to one-third of households in Ronneby, Sweden. The source was firefighting foam used in a nearby airfield since the mid-1980s. Clean water was provided from 16 December 2013. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of decline in serum perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and their corresponding half-lives...
November 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110243/problematic-alcohol-use-and-associated-characteristics-following-bariatric-surgery
#13
Kathryn E Smith, Scott G Engel, Kristine J Steffen, Luis Garcia, Karen Grothe, Afton Koball, James E Mitchell
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that a significant minority of individuals who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) experience problematic alcohol and substance use following surgery. However, little research has examined characteristics, drinking patterns, and possible risk factors within this population. To provide descriptive information of a sample of adults with self-identified alcohol use problems following bariatric surgery, this study examined (1) alcohol and substance use symptoms using standardized assessments, (2) current and past psychiatric comorbidity, (3) subjective changes in alcohol sensitivity following surgery, and (4) specific patterns of alcohol use prior to and following bariatric surgery...
November 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098954/guidelines-for-genome-scale-analysis-of-biological-rhythms
#14
Michael E Hughes, Katherine C Abruzzi, Ravi Allada, Ron Anafi, Alaaddin Bulak Arpat, Gad Asher, Pierre Baldi, Charissa de Bekker, Deborah Bell-Pedersen, Justin Blau, Steve Brown, M Fernanda Ceriani, Zheng Chen, Joanna C Chiu, Juergen Cox, Alexander M Crowell, Jason P DeBruyne, Derk-Jan Dijk, Luciano DiTacchio, Francis J Doyle, Giles E Duffield, Jay C Dunlap, Kristin Eckel-Mahan, Karyn A Esser, Garret A FitzGerald, Daniel B Forger, Lauren J Francey, Ying-Hui Fu, Frédéric Gachon, David Gatfield, Paul de Goede, Susan S Golden, Carla Green, John Harer, Stacey Harmer, Jeff Haspel, Michael H Hastings, Hanspeter Herzel, Erik D Herzog, Christy Hoffmann, Christian Hong, Jacob J Hughey, Jennifer M Hurley, Horacio O de la Iglesia, Carl Johnson, Steve A Kay, Nobuya Koike, Karl Kornacker, Achim Kramer, Katja Lamia, Tanya Leise, Scott A Lewis, Jiajia Li, Xiaodong Li, Andrew C Liu, Jennifer J Loros, Tami A Martino, Jerome S Menet, Martha Merrow, Andrew J Millar, Todd Mockler, Felix Naef, Emi Nagoshi, Michael N Nitabach, Maria Olmedo, Dmitri A Nusinow, Louis J Ptáček, David Rand, Akhilesh B Reddy, Maria S Robles, Till Roenneberg, Michael Rosbash, Marc D Ruben, Samuel S C Rund, Aziz Sancar, Paolo Sassone-Corsi, Amita Sehgal, Scott Sherrill-Mix, Debra J Skene, Kai-Florian Storch, Joseph S Takahashi, Hiroki R Ueda, Han Wang, Charles Weitz, Pål O Westermark, Herman Wijnen, Ying Xu, Gang Wu, Seung-Hee Yoo, Michael Young, Eric Erquan Zhang, Tomasz Zielinski, John B Hogenesch
Genome biology approaches have made enormous contributions to our understanding of biological rhythms, particularly in identifying outputs of the clock, including RNAs, proteins, and metabolites, whose abundance oscillates throughout the day. These methods hold significant promise for future discovery, particularly when combined with computational modeling. However, genome-scale experiments are costly and laborious, yielding "big data" that are conceptually and statistically difficult to analyze. There is no obvious consensus regarding design or analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090078/rna-sequencing-and-proteomics-approaches-reveal-novel-deficits-in-the-cortex-of-mecp2-deficient-mice-a-model-for-rett-syndrome
#15
Natasha L Pacheco, Michael R Heaven, Leanne M Holt, David K Crossman, Kristin J Boggio, Scott A Shaffer, Daniel L Flint, Michelle L Olsen
BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the transcriptional regulator MeCP2. Much of our understanding of MeCP2 function is derived from transcriptomic studies with the general assumption that alterations in the transcriptome correlate with proteomic changes. Advances in mass spectrometry-based proteomics have facilitated recent interest in the examination of global protein expression to better understand the biology between transcriptional and translational regulation...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069530/agronomic-and-chemical-performance-of-field-grown-tobacco-engineered-for-triterpene-and-methylated-triterpene-metabolism
#16
Zuodong Jiang, Chase Kempinski, Santosh Kumar, Scott Kinison, Kristin Linscott, Eric Nybo, Sarah Janze, Connie Wood, Joe Chappell
Squalene is a linear intermediate to nearly all classes of triterpenes and sterols and is itself highly valued for its use in wide range of industrial applications. Another unique linear triterpene is botryococcene and its methylated derivatives generated by the alga Botryococcus braunii race B, which are progenitors to fossil fuel deposits. Production of these linear triterpenes was previously engineered into transgenic tobacco by introducing the key steps of triterpene metabolism into the particular subcellular compartments...
October 25, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059683/association-analysis-identifies-65-new-breast-cancer-risk-loci
#17
Kyriaki Michailidou, Sara Lindström, Joe Dennis, Jonathan Beesley, Shirley Hui, Siddhartha Kar, Audrey Lemaçon, Penny Soucy, Dylan Glubb, Asha Rostamianfar, Manjeet K Bolla, Qin Wang, Jonathan Tyrer, Ed Dicks, Andrew Lee, Zhaoming Wang, Jamie Allen, Renske Keeman, Ursula Eilber, Juliet D French, Xiao Qing Chen, Laura Fachal, Karen McCue, Amy E McCart Reed, Maya Ghoussaini, Jason S Carroll, Xia Jiang, Hilary Finucane, Marcia Adams, Muriel A Adank, Habibul Ahsan, Kristiina Aittomäki, Hoda Anton-Culver, Natalia N Antonenkova, Volker Arndt, Kristan J Aronson, Banu Arun, Paul L Auer, François Bacot, Myrto Barrdahl, Caroline Baynes, Matthias W Beckmann, Sabine Behrens, Javier Benitez, Marina Bermisheva, Leslie Bernstein, Carl Blomqvist, Natalia V Bogdanova, Stig E Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Judith S Brand, Hiltrud Brauch, Paul Brennan, Hermann Brenner, Louise Brinton, Per Broberg, Ian W Brock, Annegien Broeks, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Sara Y Brucker, Thomas Brüning, Barbara Burwinkel, Katja Butterbach, Qiuyin Cai, Hui Cai, Trinidad Caldés, Federico Canzian, Angel Carracedo, Brian D Carter, Jose E Castelao, Tsun L Chan, Ting-Yuan David Cheng, Kee Seng Chia, Ji-Yeob Choi, Hans Christiansen, Christine L Clarke, Margriet Collée, Don M Conroy, Emilie Cordina-Duverger, Sten Cornelissen, David G Cox, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Julie M Cunningham, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Peter Devilee, Kimberly F Doheny, Thilo Dörk, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Martine Dumont, Lorraine Durcan, Miriam Dwek, Diana M Eccles, Arif B Ekici, A Heather Eliassen, Carolina Ellberg, Mingajeva Elvira, Christoph Engel, Mikael Eriksson, Peter A Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Olivia Fletcher, Henrik Flyger, Lin Fritschi, Valerie Gaborieau, Marike Gabrielson, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, Yu-Tang Gao, Susan M Gapstur, José A García-Sáenz, Mia M Gaudet, Vassilios Georgoulias, Graham G Giles, Gord Glendon, Mark S Goldberg, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Grethe I Grenaker Alnæs, Mervi Grip, Jacek Gronwald, Anne Grundy, Pascal Guénel, Lothar Haeberle, Eric Hahnen, Christopher A Haiman, Niclas Håkansson, Ute Hamann, Nathalie Hamel, Susan Hankinson, Patricia Harrington, Steven N Hart, Jaana M Hartikainen, Mikael Hartman, Alexander Hein, Jane Heyworth, Belynda Hicks, Peter Hillemanns, Dona N Ho, Antoinette Hollestelle, Maartje J Hooning, Robert N Hoover, John L Hopper, Ming-Feng Hou, Chia-Ni Hsiung, Guanmengqian Huang, Keith Humphreys, Junko Ishiguro, Hidemi Ito, Motoki Iwasaki, Hiroji Iwata, Anna Jakubowska, Wolfgang Janni, Esther M John, Nichola Johnson, Kristine Jones, Michael Jones, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Rudolf Kaaks, Maria Kabisch, Katarzyna Kaczmarek, Daehee Kang, Yoshio Kasuga, Michael J Kerin, Sofia Khan, Elza Khusnutdinova, Johanna I Kiiski, Sung-Won Kim, Julia A Knight, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela N Kristensen, Ute Krüger, Ava Kwong, Diether Lambrechts, Loic Le Marchand, Eunjung Lee, Min Hyuk Lee, Jong Won Lee, Chuen Neng Lee, Flavio Lejbkowicz, Jingmei Li, Jenna Lilyquist, Annika Lindblom, Jolanta Lissowska, Wing-Yee Lo, Sibylle Loibl, Jirong Long, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jan Lubinski, Craig Luccarini, Michael P Lux, Edmond S K Ma, Robert J MacInnis, Tom Maishman, Enes Makalic, Kathleen E Malone, Ivana Maleva Kostovska, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, JoAnn E Manson, Sara Margolin, Shivaani Mariapun, Maria Elena Martinez, Keitaro Matsuo, Dimitrios Mavroudis, James McKay, Catriona McLean, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer, Alfons Meindl, Primitiva Menéndez, Usha Menon, Jeffery Meyer, Hui Miao, Nicola Miller, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib, Kenneth Muir, Anna Marie Mulligan, Claire Mulot, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Patrick Neven, Sune F Nielsen, Dong-Young Noh, Børge G Nordestgaard, Aaron Norman, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Janet E Olson, Håkan Olsson, Curtis Olswold, Nick Orr, V Shane Pankratz, Sue K Park, Tjoung-Won Park-Simon, Rachel Lloyd, Jose I A Perez, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Kelly-Anne Phillips, Mila Pinchev, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Ross Prentice, Nadege Presneau, Darya Prokofyeva, Elizabeth Pugh, Katri Pylkäs, Brigitte Rack, Paolo Radice, Nazneen Rahman, Gadi Rennert, Hedy S Rennert, Valerie Rhenius, Atocha Romero, Jane Romm, Kathryn J Ruddy, Thomas Rüdiger, Anja Rudolph, Matthias Ruebner, Emiel J T Rutgers, Emmanouil Saloustros, Dale P Sandler, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Daniel F Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Andreas Schneeweiss, Minouk J Schoemaker, Fredrick Schumacher, Peter Schürmann, Rodney J Scott, Christopher Scott, Sheila Seal, Caroline Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Priyanka Sharma, Chen-Yang Shen, Grace Sheng, Mark E Sherman, Martha J Shrubsole, Xiao-Ou Shu, Ann Smeets, Christof Sohn, Melissa C Southey, John J Spinelli, Christa Stegmaier, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Jennifer Stone, Daniel O Stram, Harald Surowy, Anthony Swerdlow, Rulla Tamimi, Jack A Taylor, Maria Tengström, Soo H Teo, Mary Beth Terry, Daniel C Tessier, Somchai Thanasitthichai, Kathrin Thöne, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Ian Tomlinson, Ling Tong, Diana Torres, Thérèse Truong, Chiu-Chen Tseng, Shoichiro Tsugane, Hans-Ulrich Ulmer, Giske Ursin, Michael Untch, Celine Vachon, Christi J van Asperen, David Van Den Berg, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Lizet van der Kolk, Rob B van der Luijt, Daniel Vincent, Jason Vollenweider, Quinten Waisfisz, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Clarice R Weinberg, Camilla Wendt, Alice S Whittemore, Hans Wildiers, Walter Willett, Robert Winqvist, Alicja Wolk, Anna H Wu, Lucy Xia, Taiki Yamaji, Xiaohong R Yang, Cheng Har Yip, Keun-Young Yoo, Jyh-Cherng Yu, Wei Zheng, Ying Zheng, Bin Zhu, Argyrios Ziogas, Elad Ziv, Sunil R Lakhani, Antonis C Antoniou, Arnaud Droit, Irene L Andrulis, Christopher I Amos, Fergus J Couch, Paul D P Pharoah, Jenny Chang-Claude, Per Hall, David J Hunter, Roger L Milne, Montserrat García-Closas, Marjanka K Schmidt, Stephen J Chanock, Alison M Dunning, Stacey L Edwards, Gary D Bader, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Jacques Simard, Peter Kraft, Douglas F Easton
Breast cancer risk is influenced by rare coding variants in susceptibility genes, such as BRCA1, and many common, mostly non-coding variants. However, much of the genetic contribution to breast cancer risk remains unknown. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study of breast cancer in 122,977 cases and 105,974 controls of European ancestry and 14,068 cases and 13,104 controls of East Asian ancestry. We identified 65 new loci that are associated with overall breast cancer risk at P < 5 × 10(-8)...
November 2, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058716/identification-of-ten-variants-associated-with-risk-of-estrogen-receptor-negative-breast-cancer
#18
Roger L Milne, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Kyriaki Michailidou, Jonathan Beesley, Siddhartha Kar, Sara Lindström, Shirley Hui, Audrey Lemaçon, Penny Soucy, Joe Dennis, Xia Jiang, Asha Rostamianfar, Hilary Finucane, Manjeet K Bolla, Lesley McGuffog, Qin Wang, Cora M Aalfs, Marcia Adams, Julian Adlard, Simona Agata, Shahana Ahmed, Habibul Ahsan, Kristiina Aittomäki, Fares Al-Ejeh, Jamie Allen, Christine B Ambrosone, Christopher I Amos, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Natalia N Antonenkova, Volker Arndt, Norbert Arnold, Kristan J Aronson, Bernd Auber, Paul L Auer, Margreet G E M Ausems, Jacopo Azzollini, François Bacot, Judith Balmaña, Monica Barile, Laure Barjhoux, Rosa B Barkardottir, Myrto Barrdahl, Daniel Barnes, Daniel Barrowdale, Caroline Baynes, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Marina Bermisheva, Leslie Bernstein, Yves-Jean Bignon, Kathleen R Blazer, Marinus J Blok, Carl Blomqvist, William Blot, Kristie Bobolis, Bram Boeckx, Natalia V Bogdanova, Anders Bojesen, Stig E Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Aniko Bozsik, Angela R Bradbury, Judith S Brand, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Brigitte Bressac-de Paillerets, Carole Brewer, Louise Brinton, Per Broberg, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Joan Brunet, Thomas Brüning, Barbara Burwinkel, Saundra S Buys, Jinyoung Byun, Qiuyin Cai, Trinidad Caldés, Maria A Caligo, Ian Campbell, Federico Canzian, Olivier Caron, Angel Carracedo, Brian D Carter, J Esteban Castelao, Laurent Castera, Virginie Caux-Moncoutier, Salina B Chan, Jenny Chang-Claude, Stephen J Chanock, Xiaoqing Chen, Ting-Yuan David Cheng, Jocelyne Chiquette, Hans Christiansen, Kathleen B M Claes, Christine L Clarke, Thomas Conner, Don M Conroy, Jackie Cook, Emilie Cordina-Duverger, Sten Cornelissen, Isabelle Coupier, Angela Cox, David G Cox, Simon S Cross, Katarina Cuk, Julie M Cunningham, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Francesca Damiola, Hatef Darabi, Rosemarie Davidson, Kim De Leeneer, Peter Devilee, Ed Dicks, Orland Diez, Yuan Chun Ding, Nina Ditsch, Kimberly F Doheny, Susan M Domchek, Cecilia M Dorfling, Thilo Dörk, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Stéphane Dubois, Pierre-Antoine Dugué, Martine Dumont, Alison M Dunning, Lorraine Durcan, Miriam Dwek, Bernd Dworniczak, Diana Eccles, Ros Eeles, Hans Ehrencrona, Ursula Eilber, Bent Ejlertsen, Arif B Ekici, A Heather Eliassen, Christoph Engel, Mikael Eriksson, Laura Fachal, Laurence Faivre, Peter A Fasching, Ulrike Faust, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Olivia Fletcher, Henrik Flyger, William D Foulkes, Eitan Friedman, Lin Fritschi, Debra Frost, Marike Gabrielson, Pragna Gaddam, Marilie D Gammon, Patricia A Ganz, Susan M Gapstur, Judy Garber, Vanesa Garcia-Barberan, José A García-Sáenz, Mia M Gaudet, Marion Gauthier-Villars, Andrea Gehrig, Vassilios Georgoulias, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Graham G Giles, Gord Glendon, Andrew K Godwin, Mark S Goldberg, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Paul Goodfellow, Mark H Greene, Grethe I Grenaker Alnæs, Mervi Grip, Jacek Gronwald, Anne Grundy, Daphne Gschwantler-Kaulich, Pascal Guénel, Qi Guo, Lothar Haeberle, Eric Hahnen, Christopher A Haiman, Niclas Håkansson, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Nathalie Hamel, Susan Hankinson, Thomas V O Hansen, Patricia Harrington, Steven N Hart, Jaana M Hartikainen, Catherine S Healey, Alexander Hein, Sonja Helbig, Alex Henderson, Jane Heyworth, Belynda Hicks, Peter Hillemanns, Shirley Hodgson, Frans B Hogervorst, Antoinette Hollestelle, Maartje J Hooning, Bob Hoover, John L Hopper, Chunling Hu, Guanmengqian Huang, Peter J Hulick, Keith Humphreys, David J Hunter, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Motoki Iwasaki, Louise Izatt, Anna Jakubowska, Paul James, Ramunas Janavicius, Wolfgang Janni, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M John, Nichola Johnson, Kristine Jones, Michael Jones, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Rudolf Kaaks, Maria Kabisch, Katarzyna Kaczmarek, Daehee Kang, Karin Kast, Renske Keeman, Michael J Kerin, Carolien M Kets, Machteld Keupers, Sofia Khan, Elza Khusnutdinova, Johanna I Kiiski, Sung-Won Kim, Julia A Knight, Irene Konstantopoulou, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela N Kristensen, Torben A Kruse, Ava Kwong, Anne-Vibeke Lænkholm, Yael Laitman, Fiona Lalloo, Diether Lambrechts, Keren Landsman, Christine Lasset, Conxi Lazaro, Loic Le Marchand, Julie Lecarpentier, Andrew Lee, Eunjung Lee, Jong Won Lee, Min Hyuk Lee, Flavio Lejbkowicz, Fabienne Lesueur, Jingmei Li, Jenna Lilyquist, Anne Lincoln, Annika Lindblom, Jolanta Lissowska, Wing-Yee Lo, Sibylle Loibl, Jirong Long, Jennifer T Loud, Jan Lubinski, Craig Luccarini, Michael Lush, Robert J MacInnis, Tom Maishman, Enes Makalic, Ivana Maleva Kostovska, Kathleen E Malone, Siranoush Manoukian, JoAnn E Manson, Sara Margolin, John W M Martens, Maria Elena Martinez, Keitaro Matsuo, Dimitrios Mavroudis, Sylvie Mazoyer, Catriona McLean, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer, Primitiva Menéndez, Jeffery Meyer, Hui Miao, Austin Miller, Nicola Miller, Gillian Mitchell, Marco Montagna, Kenneth Muir, Anna Marie Mulligan, Claire Mulot, Sue Nadesan, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Ines Nevelsteen, Dieter Niederacher, Sune F Nielsen, Børge G Nordestgaard, Aaron Norman, Robert L Nussbaum, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Janet E Olson, Curtis Olswold, Kai-Ren Ong, Jan C Oosterwijk, Nick Orr, Ana Osorio, V Shane Pankratz, Laura Papi, Tjoung-Won Park-Simon, Ylva Paulsson-Karlsson, Rachel Lloyd, Inge Søkilde Pedersen, Bernard Peissel, Ana Peixoto, Jose I A Perez, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Georg Pfeiler, Catherine M Phelan, Mila Pinchev, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Bruce Poppe, Mary E Porteous, Ross Prentice, Nadege Presneau, Darya Prokofieva, Elizabeth Pugh, Miquel Angel Pujana, Katri Pylkäs, Brigitte Rack, Paolo Radice, Nazneen Rahman, Johanna Rantala, Christine Rappaport-Fuerhauser, Gad Rennert, Hedy S Rennert, Valerie Rhenius, Kerstin Rhiem, Andrea Richardson, Gustavo C Rodriguez, Atocha Romero, Jane Romm, Matti A Rookus, Anja Rudolph, Thomas Ruediger, Emmanouil Saloustros, Joyce Sanders, Dale P Sandler, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Daniel F Schmidt, Minouk J Schoemaker, Fredrick Schumacher, Peter Schürmann, Lukas Schwentner, Christopher Scott, Rodney J Scott, Sheila Seal, Leigha Senter, Caroline Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Priyanka Sharma, Chen-Yang Shen, Xin Sheng, Hermela Shimelis, Martha J Shrubsole, Xiao-Ou Shu, Lucy E Side, Christian F Singer, Christof Sohn, Melissa C Southey, John J Spinelli, Amanda B Spurdle, Christa Stegmaier, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Grzegorz Sukiennicki, Harald Surowy, Christian Sutter, Anthony Swerdlow, Csilla I Szabo, Rulla M Tamimi, Yen Y Tan, Jack A Taylor, Maria-Isabel Tejada, Maria Tengström, Soo H Teo, Mary B Terry, Daniel C Tessier, Alex Teulé, Kathrin Thöne, Darcy L Thull, Maria Grazia Tibiletti, Laima Tihomirova, Marc Tischkowitz, Amanda E Toland, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Ian Tomlinson, Ling Tong, Diana Torres, Martine Tranchant, Thérèse Truong, Kathy Tucker, Nadine Tung, Jonathan Tyrer, Hans-Ulrich Ulmer, Celine Vachon, Christi J van Asperen, David Van Den Berg, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Liliana Varesco, Raymonda Varon-Mateeva, Ana Vega, Alessandra Viel, Joseph Vijai, Daniel Vincent, Jason Vollenweider, Lisa Walker, Zhaoming Wang, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Clarice R Weinberg, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Camilla Wendt, Jelle Wesseling, Alice S Whittemore, Juul T Wijnen, Walter Willett, Robert Winqvist, Alicja Wolk, Anna H Wu, Lucy Xia, Xiaohong R Yang, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Daniela Zaffaroni, Wei Zheng, Bin Zhu, Argyrios Ziogas, Elad Ziv, Kristin K Zorn, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, Arto Mannermaa, Håkan Olsson, Manuel R Teixeira, Jennifer Stone, Kenneth Offit, Laura Ottini, Sue K Park, Mads Thomassen, Per Hall, Alfons Meindl, Rita K Schmutzler, Arnaud Droit, Gary D Bader, Paul D P Pharoah, Fergus J Couch, Douglas F Easton, Peter Kraft, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Montserrat García-Closas, Marjanka K Schmidt, Antonis C Antoniou, Jacques Simard
Most common breast cancer susceptibility variants have been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of predominantly estrogen receptor (ER)-positive disease. We conducted a GWAS using 21,468 ER-negative cases and 100,594 controls combined with 18,908 BRCA1 mutation carriers (9,414 with breast cancer), all of European origin. We identified independent associations at P < 5 × 10-8 with ten variants at nine new loci. At P < 0.05, we replicated associations with 10 of 11 variants previously reported in ER-negative disease or BRCA1 mutation carrier GWAS and observed consistent associations with ER-negative disease for 105 susceptibility variants identified by other studies...
December 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036587/latent-profile-analysis-and-conversion-to-psychosis-characterizing-subgroups-to-enhance-risk-prediction
#19
Kristin M Healey, David L Penn, Diana Perkins, Scott W Woods, Richard S E Keefe, Jean Addington
BACKGROUND: Groups at clinical high risk (CHR) of developing psychosis are heterogeneous, composed of individuals with different clusters of symptoms. It is likely that there exist subgroups, each associated with different symptom constellations and probabilities of conversion. METHOD: Present study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to ascertain subgroups in a combined sample of CHR (n = 171) and help-seeking controls (HSCs; n = 100; PREDICT study). Indicators in the LPA model included baseline Scale of Prodromal Symptoms (SOPS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), and neurocognitive performance as measured by multiple instruments, including category instances (CAT)...
July 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036402/lack-of-diagnostic-pluripotentiality-in-patients-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-specificity-of-comorbidity-persistence-and-search-for-pluripotential-subgroups
#20
Scott W Woods, Albert R Powers, Jerome H Taylor, Charlie A Davidson, Jason K Johannesen, Jean Addington, Diana O Perkins, Carrie E Bearden, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Elaine F Walker, Thomas H McGlashan
More than 20 years after the clinical high risk syndrome for psychosis (CHR) was first articulated, it remains controversial whether the CHR syndrome predicts onset of psychosis with diagnostic specificity or predicts pluripotential diagnostic outcomes. Recently, analyses of observational studies, however, have suggested that the CHR syndrome is not pluripotential for emergent diagnostic outcomes. The present report conducted additional analyses in previously reported samples to determine (1) whether comorbid disorders were more likely to persist in CHR patients compared to a comparison group of patients who responded to CHR recruitment efforts but did not meet criteria, termed help-seeking comparison subjects (HSC); and (2) whether clinically defined pluripotential CHR subgroups could be identified...
September 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
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