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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133598/half-lives-of-pfos-pfhxs-and-pfoa-after-end-of-exposure-to-contaminated-drinking-water
#1
Ying Li, Tony Fletcher, Daniel Mucs, Kristin Scott, Christian H Lindh, Pia Tallving, Kristina Jakobsson
BACKGROUND: Municipal drinking water contaminated with perfluorinated alkyl acids had been distributed to one-third of households in Ronneby, Sweden. The source was firefighting foam used in a nearby airfield since the mid-1980s. Clean water was provided from 16 December 2013. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of decline in serum perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and their corresponding half-lives...
November 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110243/problematic-alcohol-use-and-associated-characteristics-following-bariatric-surgery
#2
Kathryn E Smith, Scott G Engel, Kristine J Steffen, Luis Garcia, Karen Grothe, Afton Koball, James E Mitchell
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that a significant minority of individuals who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) experience problematic alcohol and substance use following surgery. However, little research has examined characteristics, drinking patterns, and possible risk factors within this population. To provide descriptive information of a sample of adults with self-identified alcohol use problems following bariatric surgery, this study examined (1) alcohol and substance use symptoms using standardized assessments, (2) current and past psychiatric comorbidity, (3) subjective changes in alcohol sensitivity following surgery, and (4) specific patterns of alcohol use prior to and following bariatric surgery...
November 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098954/guidelines-for-genome-scale-analysis-of-biological-rhythms
#3
Michael E Hughes, Katherine C Abruzzi, Ravi Allada, Ron Anafi, Alaaddin Bulak Arpat, Gad Asher, Pierre Baldi, Charissa de Bekker, Deborah Bell-Pedersen, Justin Blau, Steve Brown, M Fernanda Ceriani, Zheng Chen, Joanna C Chiu, Juergen Cox, Alexander M Crowell, Jason P DeBruyne, Derk-Jan Dijk, Luciano DiTacchio, Francis J Doyle, Giles E Duffield, Jay C Dunlap, Kristin Eckel-Mahan, Karyn A Esser, Garret A FitzGerald, Daniel B Forger, Lauren J Francey, Ying-Hui Fu, Frédéric Gachon, David Gatfield, Paul de Goede, Susan S Golden, Carla Green, John Harer, Stacey Harmer, Jeff Haspel, Michael H Hastings, Hanspeter Herzel, Erik D Herzog, Christy Hoffmann, Christian Hong, Jacob J Hughey, Jennifer M Hurley, Horacio O de la Iglesia, Carl Johnson, Steve A Kay, Nobuya Koike, Karl Kornacker, Achim Kramer, Katja Lamia, Tanya Leise, Scott A Lewis, Jiajia Li, Xiaodong Li, Andrew C Liu, Jennifer J Loros, Tami A Martino, Jerome S Menet, Martha Merrow, Andrew J Millar, Todd Mockler, Felix Naef, Emi Nagoshi, Michael N Nitabach, Maria Olmedo, Dmitri A Nusinow, Louis J Ptáček, David Rand, Akhilesh B Reddy, Maria S Robles, Till Roenneberg, Michael Rosbash, Marc D Ruben, Samuel S C Rund, Aziz Sancar, Paolo Sassone-Corsi, Amita Sehgal, Scott Sherrill-Mix, Debra J Skene, Kai-Florian Storch, Joseph S Takahashi, Hiroki R Ueda, Han Wang, Charles Weitz, Pål O Westermark, Herman Wijnen, Ying Xu, Gang Wu, Seung-Hee Yoo, Michael Young, Eric Erquan Zhang, Tomasz Zielinski, John B Hogenesch
Genome biology approaches have made enormous contributions to our understanding of biological rhythms, particularly in identifying outputs of the clock, including RNAs, proteins, and metabolites, whose abundance oscillates throughout the day. These methods hold significant promise for future discovery, particularly when combined with computational modeling. However, genome-scale experiments are costly and laborious, yielding "big data" that are conceptually and statistically difficult to analyze. There is no obvious consensus regarding design or analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090078/rna-sequencing-and-proteomics-approaches-reveal-novel-deficits-in-the-cortex-of-mecp2-deficient-mice-a-model-for-rett-syndrome
#4
Natasha L Pacheco, Michael R Heaven, Leanne M Holt, David K Crossman, Kristin J Boggio, Scott A Shaffer, Daniel L Flint, Michelle L Olsen
BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the transcriptional regulator MeCP2. Much of our understanding of MeCP2 function is derived from transcriptomic studies with the general assumption that alterations in the transcriptome correlate with proteomic changes. Advances in mass spectrometry-based proteomics have facilitated recent interest in the examination of global protein expression to better understand the biology between transcriptional and translational regulation...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069530/agronomic-and-chemical-performance-of-field-grown-tobacco-engineered-for-triterpene-and-methylated-triterpene-metabolism
#5
Zuodong Jiang, Chase Kempinski, Santosh Kumar, Scott Kinison, Kristin Linscott, Eric Nybo, Sarah Janze, Connie Wood, Joe Chappell
Squalene is a linear intermediate to nearly all classes of triterpenes and sterols and is itself highly valued for its use in wide range of industrial applications. Another unique linear triterpene is botryococcene and its methylated derivatives generated by the alga Botryococcus braunii race B, which are progenitors to fossil fuel deposits. Production of these linear triterpenes was previously engineered into transgenic tobacco by introducing the key steps of triterpene metabolism into the particular subcellular compartments...
October 25, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059683/association-analysis-identifies-65-new-breast-cancer-risk-loci
#6
Kyriaki Michailidou, Sara Lindström, Joe Dennis, Jonathan Beesley, Shirley Hui, Siddhartha Kar, Audrey Lemaçon, Penny Soucy, Dylan Glubb, Asha Rostamianfar, Manjeet K Bolla, Qin Wang, Jonathan Tyrer, Ed Dicks, Andrew Lee, Zhaoming Wang, Jamie Allen, Renske Keeman, Ursula Eilber, Juliet D French, Xiao Qing Chen, Laura Fachal, Karen McCue, Amy E McCart Reed, Maya Ghoussaini, Jason S Carroll, Xia Jiang, Hilary Finucane, Marcia Adams, Muriel A Adank, Habibul Ahsan, Kristiina Aittomäki, Hoda Anton-Culver, Natalia N Antonenkova, Volker Arndt, Kristan J Aronson, Banu Arun, Paul L Auer, François Bacot, Myrto Barrdahl, Caroline Baynes, Matthias W Beckmann, Sabine Behrens, Javier Benitez, Marina Bermisheva, Leslie Bernstein, Carl Blomqvist, Natalia V Bogdanova, Stig E Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Judith S Brand, Hiltrud Brauch, Paul Brennan, Hermann Brenner, Louise Brinton, Per Broberg, Ian W Brock, Annegien Broeks, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Sara Y Brucker, Thomas Brüning, Barbara Burwinkel, Katja Butterbach, Qiuyin Cai, Hui Cai, Trinidad Caldés, Federico Canzian, Angel Carracedo, Brian D Carter, Jose E Castelao, Tsun L Chan, Ting-Yuan David Cheng, Kee Seng Chia, Ji-Yeob Choi, Hans Christiansen, Christine L Clarke, Margriet Collée, Don M Conroy, Emilie Cordina-Duverger, Sten Cornelissen, David G Cox, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Julie M Cunningham, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Peter Devilee, Kimberly F Doheny, Thilo Dörk, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Martine Dumont, Lorraine Durcan, Miriam Dwek, Diana M Eccles, Arif B Ekici, A Heather Eliassen, Carolina Ellberg, Mingajeva Elvira, Christoph Engel, Mikael Eriksson, Peter A Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Olivia Fletcher, Henrik Flyger, Lin Fritschi, Valerie Gaborieau, Marike Gabrielson, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, Yu-Tang Gao, Susan M Gapstur, José A García-Sáenz, Mia M Gaudet, Vassilios Georgoulias, Graham G Giles, Gord Glendon, Mark S Goldberg, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Grethe I Grenaker Alnæs, Mervi Grip, Jacek Gronwald, Anne Grundy, Pascal Guénel, Lothar Haeberle, Eric Hahnen, Christopher A Haiman, Niclas Håkansson, Ute Hamann, Nathalie Hamel, Susan Hankinson, Patricia Harrington, Steven N Hart, Jaana M Hartikainen, Mikael Hartman, Alexander Hein, Jane Heyworth, Belynda Hicks, Peter Hillemanns, Dona N Ho, Antoinette Hollestelle, Maartje J Hooning, Robert N Hoover, John L Hopper, Ming-Feng Hou, Chia-Ni Hsiung, Guanmengqian Huang, Keith Humphreys, Junko Ishiguro, Hidemi Ito, Motoki Iwasaki, Hiroji Iwata, Anna Jakubowska, Wolfgang Janni, Esther M John, Nichola Johnson, Kristine Jones, Michael Jones, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Rudolf Kaaks, Maria Kabisch, Katarzyna Kaczmarek, Daehee Kang, Yoshio Kasuga, Michael J Kerin, Sofia Khan, Elza Khusnutdinova, Johanna I Kiiski, Sung-Won Kim, Julia A Knight, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela N Kristensen, Ute Krüger, Ava Kwong, Diether Lambrechts, Loic Le Marchand, Eunjung Lee, Min Hyuk Lee, Jong Won Lee, Chuen Neng Lee, Flavio Lejbkowicz, Jingmei Li, Jenna Lilyquist, Annika Lindblom, Jolanta Lissowska, Wing-Yee Lo, Sibylle Loibl, Jirong Long, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jan Lubinski, Craig Luccarini, Michael P Lux, Edmond S K Ma, Robert J MacInnis, Tom Maishman, Enes Makalic, Kathleen E Malone, Ivana Maleva Kostovska, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, JoAnn E Manson, Sara Margolin, Shivaani Mariapun, Maria Elena Martinez, Keitaro Matsuo, Dimitrios Mavroudis, James McKay, Catriona McLean, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer, Alfons Meindl, Primitiva Menéndez, Usha Menon, Jeffery Meyer, Hui Miao, Nicola Miller, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib, Kenneth Muir, Anna Marie Mulligan, Claire Mulot, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Patrick Neven, Sune F Nielsen, Dong-Young Noh, Børge G Nordestgaard, Aaron Norman, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Janet E Olson, Håkan Olsson, Curtis Olswold, Nick Orr, V Shane Pankratz, Sue K Park, Tjoung-Won Park-Simon, Rachel Lloyd, Jose I A Perez, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Kelly-Anne Phillips, Mila Pinchev, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Ross Prentice, Nadege Presneau, Darya Prokofyeva, Elizabeth Pugh, Katri Pylkäs, Brigitte Rack, Paolo Radice, Nazneen Rahman, Gadi Rennert, Hedy S Rennert, Valerie Rhenius, Atocha Romero, Jane Romm, Kathryn J Ruddy, Thomas Rüdiger, Anja Rudolph, Matthias Ruebner, Emiel J T Rutgers, Emmanouil Saloustros, Dale P Sandler, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Daniel F Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Andreas Schneeweiss, Minouk J Schoemaker, Fredrick Schumacher, Peter Schürmann, Rodney J Scott, Christopher Scott, Sheila Seal, Caroline Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Priyanka Sharma, Chen-Yang Shen, Grace Sheng, Mark E Sherman, Martha J Shrubsole, Xiao-Ou Shu, Ann Smeets, Christof Sohn, Melissa C Southey, John J Spinelli, Christa Stegmaier, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Jennifer Stone, Daniel O Stram, Harald Surowy, Anthony Swerdlow, Rulla Tamimi, Jack A Taylor, Maria Tengström, Soo H Teo, Mary Beth Terry, Daniel C Tessier, Somchai Thanasitthichai, Kathrin Thöne, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Ian Tomlinson, Ling Tong, Diana Torres, Thérèse Truong, Chiu-Chen Tseng, Shoichiro Tsugane, Hans-Ulrich Ulmer, Giske Ursin, Michael Untch, Celine Vachon, Christi J van Asperen, David Van Den Berg, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Lizet van der Kolk, Rob B van der Luijt, Daniel Vincent, Jason Vollenweider, Quinten Waisfisz, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Clarice R Weinberg, Camilla Wendt, Alice S Whittemore, Hans Wildiers, Walter Willett, Robert Winqvist, Alicja Wolk, Anna H Wu, Lucy Xia, Taiki Yamaji, Xiaohong R Yang, Cheng Har Yip, Keun-Young Yoo, Jyh-Cherng Yu, Wei Zheng, Ying Zheng, Bin Zhu, Argyrios Ziogas, Elad Ziv, Sunil R Lakhani, Antonis C Antoniou, Arnaud Droit, Irene L Andrulis, Christopher I Amos, Fergus J Couch, Paul D P Pharoah, Jenny Chang-Claude, Per Hall, David J Hunter, Roger L Milne, Montserrat García-Closas, Marjanka K Schmidt, Stephen J Chanock, Alison M Dunning, Stacey L Edwards, Gary D Bader, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Jacques Simard, Peter Kraft, Douglas F Easton
Breast cancer risk is influenced by rare coding variants in susceptibility genes, such as BRCA1, and many common, mostly non-coding variants. However, much of the genetic contribution to breast cancer risk remains unknown. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study of breast cancer in 122,977 cases and 105,974 controls of European ancestry and 14,068 cases and 13,104 controls of East Asian ancestry. We identified 65 new loci that are associated with overall breast cancer risk at P < 5 × 10(-8)...
November 2, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058716/identification-of-ten-variants-associated-with-risk-of-estrogen-receptor-negative-breast-cancer
#7
Roger L Milne, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Kyriaki Michailidou, Jonathan Beesley, Siddhartha Kar, Sara Lindström, Shirley Hui, Audrey Lemaçon, Penny Soucy, Joe Dennis, Xia Jiang, Asha Rostamianfar, Hilary Finucane, Manjeet K Bolla, Lesley McGuffog, Qin Wang, Cora M Aalfs, Marcia Adams, Julian Adlard, Simona Agata, Shahana Ahmed, Habibul Ahsan, Kristiina Aittomäki, Fares Al-Ejeh, Jamie Allen, Christine B Ambrosone, Christopher I Amos, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Natalia N Antonenkova, Volker Arndt, Norbert Arnold, Kristan J Aronson, Bernd Auber, Paul L Auer, Margreet G E M Ausems, Jacopo Azzollini, François Bacot, Judith Balmaña, Monica Barile, Laure Barjhoux, Rosa B Barkardottir, Myrto Barrdahl, Daniel Barnes, Daniel Barrowdale, Caroline Baynes, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Marina Bermisheva, Leslie Bernstein, Yves-Jean Bignon, Kathleen R Blazer, Marinus J Blok, Carl Blomqvist, William Blot, Kristie Bobolis, Bram Boeckx, Natalia V Bogdanova, Anders Bojesen, Stig E Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Aniko Bozsik, Angela R Bradbury, Judith S Brand, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Brigitte Bressac-de Paillerets, Carole Brewer, Louise Brinton, Per Broberg, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Joan Brunet, Thomas Brüning, Barbara Burwinkel, Saundra S Buys, Jinyoung Byun, Qiuyin Cai, Trinidad Caldés, Maria A Caligo, Ian Campbell, Federico Canzian, Olivier Caron, Angel Carracedo, Brian D Carter, J Esteban Castelao, Laurent Castera, Virginie Caux-Moncoutier, Salina B Chan, Jenny Chang-Claude, Stephen J Chanock, Xiaoqing Chen, Ting-Yuan David Cheng, Jocelyne Chiquette, Hans Christiansen, Kathleen B M Claes, Christine L Clarke, Thomas Conner, Don M Conroy, Jackie Cook, Emilie Cordina-Duverger, Sten Cornelissen, Isabelle Coupier, Angela Cox, David G Cox, Simon S Cross, Katarina Cuk, Julie M Cunningham, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Francesca Damiola, Hatef Darabi, Rosemarie Davidson, Kim De Leeneer, Peter Devilee, Ed Dicks, Orland Diez, Yuan Chun Ding, Nina Ditsch, Kimberly F Doheny, Susan M Domchek, Cecilia M Dorfling, Thilo Dörk, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Stéphane Dubois, Pierre-Antoine Dugué, Martine Dumont, Alison M Dunning, Lorraine Durcan, Miriam Dwek, Bernd Dworniczak, Diana Eccles, Ros Eeles, Hans Ehrencrona, Ursula Eilber, Bent Ejlertsen, Arif B Ekici, A Heather Eliassen, Christoph Engel, Mikael Eriksson, Laura Fachal, Laurence Faivre, Peter A Fasching, Ulrike Faust, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Olivia Fletcher, Henrik Flyger, William D Foulkes, Eitan Friedman, Lin Fritschi, Debra Frost, Marike Gabrielson, Pragna Gaddam, Marilie D Gammon, Patricia A Ganz, Susan M Gapstur, Judy Garber, Vanesa Garcia-Barberan, José A García-Sáenz, Mia M Gaudet, Marion Gauthier-Villars, Andrea Gehrig, Vassilios Georgoulias, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Graham G Giles, Gord Glendon, Andrew K Godwin, Mark S Goldberg, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Paul Goodfellow, Mark H Greene, Grethe I Grenaker Alnæs, Mervi Grip, Jacek Gronwald, Anne Grundy, Daphne Gschwantler-Kaulich, Pascal Guénel, Qi Guo, Lothar Haeberle, Eric Hahnen, Christopher A Haiman, Niclas Håkansson, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Nathalie Hamel, Susan Hankinson, Thomas V O Hansen, Patricia Harrington, Steven N Hart, Jaana M Hartikainen, Catherine S Healey, Alexander Hein, Sonja Helbig, Alex Henderson, Jane Heyworth, Belynda Hicks, Peter Hillemanns, Shirley Hodgson, Frans B Hogervorst, Antoinette Hollestelle, Maartje J Hooning, Bob Hoover, John L Hopper, Chunling Hu, Guanmengqian Huang, Peter J Hulick, Keith Humphreys, David J Hunter, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Motoki Iwasaki, Louise Izatt, Anna Jakubowska, Paul James, Ramunas Janavicius, Wolfgang Janni, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M John, Nichola Johnson, Kristine Jones, Michael Jones, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Rudolf Kaaks, Maria Kabisch, Katarzyna Kaczmarek, Daehee Kang, Karin Kast, Renske Keeman, Michael J Kerin, Carolien M Kets, Machteld Keupers, Sofia Khan, Elza Khusnutdinova, Johanna I Kiiski, Sung-Won Kim, Julia A Knight, Irene Konstantopoulou, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela N Kristensen, Torben A Kruse, Ava Kwong, Anne-Vibeke Lænkholm, Yael Laitman, Fiona Lalloo, Diether Lambrechts, Keren Landsman, Christine Lasset, Conxi Lazaro, Loic Le Marchand, Julie Lecarpentier, Andrew Lee, Eunjung Lee, Jong Won Lee, Min Hyuk Lee, Flavio Lejbkowicz, Fabienne Lesueur, Jingmei Li, Jenna Lilyquist, Anne Lincoln, Annika Lindblom, Jolanta Lissowska, Wing-Yee Lo, Sibylle Loibl, Jirong Long, Jennifer T Loud, Jan Lubinski, Craig Luccarini, Michael Lush, Robert J MacInnis, Tom Maishman, Enes Makalic, Ivana Maleva Kostovska, Kathleen E Malone, Siranoush Manoukian, JoAnn E Manson, Sara Margolin, John W M Martens, Maria Elena Martinez, Keitaro Matsuo, Dimitrios Mavroudis, Sylvie Mazoyer, Catriona McLean, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer, Primitiva Menéndez, Jeffery Meyer, Hui Miao, Austin Miller, Nicola Miller, Gillian Mitchell, Marco Montagna, Kenneth Muir, Anna Marie Mulligan, Claire Mulot, Sue Nadesan, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Ines Nevelsteen, Dieter Niederacher, Sune F Nielsen, Børge G Nordestgaard, Aaron Norman, Robert L Nussbaum, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Janet E Olson, Curtis Olswold, Kai-Ren Ong, Jan C Oosterwijk, Nick Orr, Ana Osorio, V Shane Pankratz, Laura Papi, Tjoung-Won Park-Simon, Ylva Paulsson-Karlsson, Rachel Lloyd, Inge Søkilde Pedersen, Bernard Peissel, Ana Peixoto, Jose I A Perez, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Georg Pfeiler, Catherine M Phelan, Mila Pinchev, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Bruce Poppe, Mary E Porteous, Ross Prentice, Nadege Presneau, Darya Prokofieva, Elizabeth Pugh, Miquel Angel Pujana, Katri Pylkäs, Brigitte Rack, Paolo Radice, Nazneen Rahman, Johanna Rantala, Christine Rappaport-Fuerhauser, Gad Rennert, Hedy S Rennert, Valerie Rhenius, Kerstin Rhiem, Andrea Richardson, Gustavo C Rodriguez, Atocha Romero, Jane Romm, Matti A Rookus, Anja Rudolph, Thomas Ruediger, Emmanouil Saloustros, Joyce Sanders, Dale P Sandler, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Daniel F Schmidt, Minouk J Schoemaker, Fredrick Schumacher, Peter Schürmann, Lukas Schwentner, Christopher Scott, Rodney J Scott, Sheila Seal, Leigha Senter, Caroline Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Priyanka Sharma, Chen-Yang Shen, Xin Sheng, Hermela Shimelis, Martha J Shrubsole, Xiao-Ou Shu, Lucy E Side, Christian F Singer, Christof Sohn, Melissa C Southey, John J Spinelli, Amanda B Spurdle, Christa Stegmaier, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Grzegorz Sukiennicki, Harald Surowy, Christian Sutter, Anthony Swerdlow, Csilla I Szabo, Rulla M Tamimi, Yen Y Tan, Jack A Taylor, Maria-Isabel Tejada, Maria Tengström, Soo H Teo, Mary B Terry, Daniel C Tessier, Alex Teulé, Kathrin Thöne, Darcy L Thull, Maria Grazia Tibiletti, Laima Tihomirova, Marc Tischkowitz, Amanda E Toland, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Ian Tomlinson, Ling Tong, Diana Torres, Martine Tranchant, Thérèse Truong, Kathy Tucker, Nadine Tung, Jonathan Tyrer, Hans-Ulrich Ulmer, Celine Vachon, Christi J van Asperen, David Van Den Berg, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Liliana Varesco, Raymonda Varon-Mateeva, Ana Vega, Alessandra Viel, Joseph Vijai, Daniel Vincent, Jason Vollenweider, Lisa Walker, Zhaoming Wang, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Clarice R Weinberg, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Camilla Wendt, Jelle Wesseling, Alice S Whittemore, Juul T Wijnen, Walter Willett, Robert Winqvist, Alicja Wolk, Anna H Wu, Lucy Xia, Xiaohong R Yang, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Daniela Zaffaroni, Wei Zheng, Bin Zhu, Argyrios Ziogas, Elad Ziv, Kristin K Zorn, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, Arto Mannermaa, Håkan Olsson, Manuel R Teixeira, Jennifer Stone, Kenneth Offit, Laura Ottini, Sue K Park, Mads Thomassen, Per Hall, Alfons Meindl, Rita K Schmutzler, Arnaud Droit, Gary D Bader, Paul D P Pharoah, Fergus J Couch, Douglas F Easton, Peter Kraft, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Montserrat García-Closas, Marjanka K Schmidt, Antonis C Antoniou, Jacques Simard
Most common breast cancer susceptibility variants have been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of predominantly estrogen receptor (ER)-positive disease. We conducted a GWAS using 21,468 ER-negative cases and 100,594 controls combined with 18,908 BRCA1 mutation carriers (9,414 with breast cancer), all of European origin. We identified independent associations at P < 5 × 10(-8) with ten variants at nine new loci. At P < 0.05, we replicated associations with 10 of 11 variants previously reported in ER-negative disease or BRCA1 mutation carrier GWAS and observed consistent associations with ER-negative disease for 105 susceptibility variants identified by other studies...
October 23, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036587/latent-profile-analysis-and-conversion-to-psychosis-characterizing-subgroups-to-enhance-risk-prediction
#8
Kristin M Healey, David L Penn, Diana Perkins, Scott W Woods, Richard S E Keefe, Jean Addington
BACKGROUND: Groups at clinical high risk (CHR) of developing psychosis are heterogeneous, composed of individuals with different clusters of symptoms. It is likely that there exist subgroups, each associated with different symptom constellations and probabilities of conversion. METHOD: Present study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to ascertain subgroups in a combined sample of CHR (n = 171) and help-seeking controls (HSCs; n = 100; PREDICT study). Indicators in the LPA model included baseline Scale of Prodromal Symptoms (SOPS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), and neurocognitive performance as measured by multiple instruments, including category instances (CAT)...
July 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036402/lack-of-diagnostic-pluripotentiality-in-patients-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-specificity-of-comorbidity-persistence-and-search-for-pluripotential-subgroups
#9
Scott W Woods, Albert R Powers, Jerome H Taylor, Charlie A Davidson, Jason K Johannesen, Jean Addington, Diana O Perkins, Carrie E Bearden, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Elaine F Walker, Thomas H McGlashan
More than 20 years after the clinical high risk syndrome for psychosis (CHR) was first articulated, it remains controversial whether the CHR syndrome predicts onset of psychosis with diagnostic specificity or predicts pluripotential diagnostic outcomes. Recently, analyses of observational studies, however, have suggested that the CHR syndrome is not pluripotential for emergent diagnostic outcomes. The present report conducted additional analyses in previously reported samples to determine (1) whether comorbid disorders were more likely to persist in CHR patients compared to a comparison group of patients who responded to CHR recruitment efforts but did not meet criteria, termed help-seeking comparison subjects (HSC); and (2) whether clinically defined pluripotential CHR subgroups could be identified...
September 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026866/a-prospective-observational-study-of-the-epidemiology-management-and-outcomes-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-due-to-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae
#10
Oryan Henig, Eric Cober, Sandra S Richter, Federico Perez, Robert A Salata, Robert C Kalayjian, Richard R Watkins, Steve Marshall, Susan D Rudin, T Nicholas Domitrovic, Andrea M Hujer, Kristine M Hujer, Yohei Doi, Scott Evans, Vance G Fowler, Robert A Bonomo, David van Duin, Keith S Kaye
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to characterize the epidemiology, management, and outcomes of skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) and colonization due to carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). METHODS: Patients from the Consortium on Resistance Against Carbapenem in Klebsiella and Other Enterobacteriaceae (CRACKLE-1) from December 24, 2011 to October 1, 2014 with wound cultures positive for CRE were included in the study. Predictors of surgical intervention were analyzed...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956345/erratum-to-risky-sex-and-hiv-acquisition-among-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-in-zambia-2002-2012-what-does-alcohol-have-to-do-with-it
#11
Dvora Joseph Davey, William Kilembe, Kristin M Wall, Naw Htee Khu, Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Marjan Javanbakht, W Scott Comulada, Susan Allen, Pamina M Gorbach
The article Risky Sex and HIV Acquisition Among HIV Serodiscordant Couples in Zambia, 2002-2012: What Does Alcohol Have To Do With It?, written by Dvora Joseph Davey, William Kilembe, Kristin M. Wall, Naw Htee Khu, Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Marjan Javanbakht, W. Scott Comulada, Susan Allen, Pamina M. Gorbach, was originally published Online First without open access. After publication in volume 21, issue 7, pages 1892-1903, the author decided to opt for Open Choice and to make the article an open access publication...
September 27, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930663/the-trem2-apoe-pathway-drives-the-transcriptional-phenotype-of-dysfunctional-microglia-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#12
Susanne Krasemann, Charlotte Madore, Ron Cialic, Caroline Baufeld, Narghes Calcagno, Rachid El Fatimy, Lien Beckers, Elaine O'Loughlin, Yang Xu, Zain Fanek, David J Greco, Scott T Smith, George Tweet, Zachary Humulock, Tobias Zrzavy, Patricia Conde-Sanroman, Mar Gacias, Zhiping Weng, Hao Chen, Emily Tjon, Fargol Mazaheri, Kristin Hartmann, Asaf Madi, Jason D Ulrich, Markus Glatzel, Anna Worthmann, Joerg Heeren, Bogdan Budnik, Cynthia Lemere, Tsuneya Ikezu, Frank L Heppner, Vladimir Litvak, David M Holtzman, Hans Lassmann, Howard L Weiner, Jordi Ochando, Christian Haass, Oleg Butovsky
Microglia play a pivotal role in the maintenance of brain homeostasis but lose homeostatic function during neurodegenerative disorders. We identified a specific apolipoprotein E (APOE)-dependent molecular signature in microglia from models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in microglia surrounding neuritic β-amyloid (Aβ)-plaques in the brains of people with AD. The APOE pathway mediated a switch from a homeostatic to a neurodegenerative microglia phenotype after phagocytosis of apoptotic neurons...
September 19, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927312/-now-what-perceived-factors-influencing-knowledge-exchange-in-school-health-research
#13
Kristin M Brown, Susan J Elliott, Jennifer Robertson-Wilson, Michelle M Vine, Scott T Leatherdale
Increasing the uptake of school health research into practice is pivotal for improving adolescent health. COMPASS, a longitudinal study of Ontario and Alberta secondary students and schools (2012-2021), used a knowledge exchange process to enhance schools' use of research findings. Schools received annual summaries of their students' health behaviors and suggestions for action and were linked with a knowledge broker to support them in making changes to improve student health. The current research explored factors that influenced COMPASS knowledge exchange activities...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912361/impact-of-sleep-restriction-on-local-immune-response-and-skin-barrier-restoration-with-and-without-multi-nutrient-nutrition-intervention
#14
Tracey J Smith, Marques A Wilson, J Philip Karl, Jeb Orr, Carl D Smith, Adam D Cooper, Kristin J Heaton, Andrew J Young, Scott J Montain
Systemic immune function is impaired by sleep restriction. However, the impact of sleep restriction on local immune responses, and to what extent any impairment can be mitigated by nutritional supplementation is unknown. We assessed the effect of 72-h sleep restriction (2-h nightly sleep) on local immune function and skin barrier restoration of an experimental wound, and determined the influence of habitual protein intake (1.5 g·kg(-1)·d(-1)) supplemented with arginine, glutamine, zinc sulfate, vitamin C, vitamin D3 and omega-3 fatty acids compared to lower protein intake (0...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906586/equivalent-linear-change-in-cognition-between-individuals-with-bipolar-disorder-and-healthy-controls-over-5%C3%A2-years
#15
Kelly A Ryan, Shervin Assari, Kaley Angers, David F Marshall, Kristin Hinrichs, Rebecca Easter, Pallavi Babu, Bethany D Pester, Scott A Langenecker, Melvin G McInnis
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive dysfunction is a key feature of bipolar disorder (BD). However, not much is known about its temporal stability, as some studies have demonstrated a neurodegenerative model in BD while others have shown no change in cognitive functioning over time. Building upon our prior work, which examined the natural course of executive functioning, the current study aimed to investigate the natural course of memory, emotion processing, and fine motor dexterity over a 5-year period in BD and healthy control (HC) samples...
September 14, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903026/differential-expression-of-genes-in-fetal-brain-as-a-consequence-of-maternal-protein-deficiency-and-nematode-infection
#16
Manjurul Haque, Lisa M Starr, Kristine G Koski, Marilyn E Scott
Maternal dietary protein deficiency and gastrointestinal nematode infection during early pregnancy have negative impacts on both maternal placental gene expression and fetal growth in the mouse. Here we used next-generation RNA sequencing to test our hypothesis that maternal protein deficiency and/or nematode infection also alter the expression of genes in the developing fetal brain. Outbred pregnant CD1 mice were used in a 2×2 design with two levels of dietary protein (24% versus 6%) and two levels of infection (repeated sham versus Heligmosomoides bakeri beginning at gestation day 5)...
September 10, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899914/military-training-elicits-marked-increases-in-plasma-metabolomic-signatures-of-energy-metabolism-lipolysis-fatty-acid-oxidation-and-ketogenesis
#17
J Philip Karl, Lee M Margolis, Nancy E Murphy, Christopher T Carrigan, John W Castellani, Elisabeth H Madslien, Hilde-Kristin Teien, Svein Martini, Scott J Montain, Stefan M Pasiakos
Military training studies provide unique insight into metabolic responses to extreme physiologic stress induced by multiple stressor environments, and the impacts of nutrition in mediating these responses. Advances in metabolomics have provided new approaches for extending current understanding of factors modulating dynamic metabolic responses in these environments. In this study, whole-body metabolic responses to strenuous military training were explored in relation to energy balance and macronutrient intake by performing nontargeted global metabolite profiling on plasma collected from 25 male soldiers before and after completing a 4-day, 51-km cross-country ski march that produced high total daily energy expenditures (25...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886901/perceptual-abnormalities-in-clinical-high-risk-youth-and-the-role-of-trauma-cannabis-use-and-anxiety
#18
Yun Lu, Catherine Marshall, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Thomas H McGlashan, Diana O Perkins, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Elaine F Walker, Scott W Woods, Carrie E Bearden, Daniel Mathalon, Jean Addington
Recent research suggests that perceptual abnormalities are a group of diverse experiences, which have been associated with trauma, cannabis use, and anxiety. Of the attenuated psychotic symptoms that are present in youth at clinical high risk (CHR) of psychosis, perceptual abnormalities tend to be one of the most frequently endorsed symptoms. However, very few studies have explored perceptual abnormalities and their relationships with the above environmental and affective factors in a CHR sample. Four hundred and forty-one CHR individuals who met criteria for attenuated psychotic symptom syndrome (APSS) determined by the Structured Interview for Psychosis-risk Syndromes (SIPS) were assessed on the content of their perceptual abnormalities, early traumatic experience, cannabis use and self-reported anxiety...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833236/clinical-trial-of-l-carnitine-and-valproic-acid-in-spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-i
#19
Kristin J Krosschell, John T Kissel, Elise L Townsend, Sarah D Simeone, Ren Zhe Zhang, Sandra P Reyna, Thomas O Crawford, Mary K Schroth, Gyula Acsadi, Priya S Kishnani, Jürgen-Christoph Von Kleist-Retzow, Barbara Hero, Guy D'Anjou, Edward C Smith, Bakri Elsheikh, Louise R Simard, Thomas W Prior, Charles B Scott, Bernard Lasalle, Ai Sakonju, Brunhilde Wirth, Kathryn J Swoboda
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the safety and therapeutic potential of L-carnitine and valproic acid (VPA) in infants with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). METHODS: Our investigation was an open-label phase 2 multicenter trial of L-carnitine and VPA in infants with SMA type I with retrospective comparison to an untreated, matched cohort. Primary outcomes were: safety and adverse events; secondary outcomes were survival, time to death/>16 hours/day of ventilator support; motor outcomes; and maximum ulnar compound motor action potential amplitude...
August 18, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832619/correction-genome-wide-physical-activity-interactions-in-adiposity-a-meta-analysis-of-200-452-adults
#20
Mariaelisa Graff, Robert A Scott, Anne E Justice, Kristin L Young, Mary F Feitosa, Llilda Barata, Thomas W Winkler, Audrey Y Chu, Anubha Mahajan, David Hadley, Luting Xue, Tsegaselassie Workalemahu, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Marcel den Hoed, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Qibin Qi, Julius S Ngwa, Frida Renström, Lydia Quaye, John D Eicher, James E Hayes, Marilyn Cornelis, Zoltan Kutalik, Elise Lim, Jian'an Luan, Jennifer E Huffman, Weihua Zhang, Wei Zhao, Paula J Griffin, Toomas Haller, Shafqat Ahmad, Pedro M Marques-Vidal, Stephanie Bien, Loic Yengo, Alexander Teumer, Albert Vernon Smith, Meena Kumari, Marie Neergaard Harder, Johanne Marie Justesen, Marcus E Kleber, Mette Hollensted, Kurt Lohman, Natalia V Rivera, John B Whitfield, Jing Hua Zhao, Heather M Stringham, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Charlotte Huppertz, Gonneke Willemsen, Wouter J Peyrot, Ying Wu, Kati Kristiansson, Ayse Demirkan, Myriam Fornage, Maija Hassinen, Lawrence F Bielak, Gemma Cadby, Toshiko Tanaka, Reedik Mägi, Peter J van der Most, Anne U Jackson, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Veronique Vitart, Jonathan Marten, Pau Navarro, Claire Bellis, Dorota Pasko, Åsa Johansson, Søren Snitker, Yu-Ching Cheng, Joel Eriksson, Unhee Lim, Mette Aadahl, Linda S Adair, Najaf Amin, Beverley Balkau, Juha Auvinen, John Beilby, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Alain G Bertoni, John Blangero, Amélie Bonnefond, Lori L Bonnycastle, Judith B Borja, Søren Brage, Fabio Busonero, Steve Buyske, Harry Campbell, Peter S Chines, Francis S Collins, Tanguy Corre, George Davey Smith, Graciela E Delgado, Nicole Dueker, Marcus Dörr, Tapani Ebeling, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tõnu Esko, Jessica D Faul, Mao Fu, Kristine Færch, Christian Gieger, Sven Gläser, Jian Gong, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Harald Grallert, Tanja B Grammer, Niels Grarup, Gerard van Grootheest, Kennet Harald, Nicholas D Hastie, Aki S Havulinna, Dena Hernandez, Lucia Hindorff, Lynne J Hocking, Oddgeir L Holmens, Christina Holzapfel, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Jie Huang, Tao Huang, Jennie Hui, Cornelia Huth, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Alan L James, John-Olov Jansson, Min A Jhun, Markus Juonala, Leena Kinnunen, Heikki A Koistinen, Ivana Kolcic, Pirjo Komulainen, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsti Kvaløy, Mika Kähönen, Timo A Lakka, Lenore J Launer, Benjamin Lehne, Cecilia M Lindgren, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert Luben, Michel Marre, Yuri Milaneschi, Keri L Monda, Grant W Montgomery, Marleen H M De Moor, Antonella Mulas, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, A W Musk, Reija Männikkö, Satu Männistö, Narisu Narisu, Matthias Nauck, Jennifer A Nettleton, Ilja M Nolte, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Ken K Ong, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Lavinia Paternoster, Jeremiah Perez, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ulrike Peters, Patricia A Peyser, Inga Prokopenko, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Rajesh Rawal, Paul M Ridker, Lynda M Rose, Igor Rudan, Cinzia Sarti, Mark A Sarzynski, Kai Savonen, William R Scott, Serena Sanna, Alan R Shuldiner, Steve Sidney, Günther Silbernagel, Blair H Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Harold Snieder, Alena Stančáková, Barbara Sternfeld, Amy J Swift, Tuija Tammelin, Sian-Tsung Tan, Barbara Thorand, Dorothée Thuillier, Liesbeth Vandenput, Henrik Vestergaard, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Marie-Claude Vohl, Uwe Völker, Gérard Waeber, Mark Walker, Sarah Wild, Andrew Wong, Alan F Wright, M Carola Zillikens, Niha Zubair, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Lemarchand, Ulf Gyllensten, Claes Ohlsson, Albert Hofman, Fernando Rivadeneira, André G Uitterlinden, Louis Pérusse, James F Wilson, Caroline Hayward, Ozren Polasek, Francesco Cucca, Kristian Hveem, Catharina A Hartman, Anke Tönjes, Stefania Bandinelli, Lyle J Palmer, Sharon L R Kardia, Rainer Rauramaa, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Veikko Salomaa, Brenda W J H Penninx, Eco J C de Geus, Dorret I Boomsma, Terho Lehtimäki, Massimo Mangino, Markku Laakso, Claude Bouchard, Nicholas G Martin, Diana Kuh, Yongmei Liu, Allan Linneberg, Winfried März, Konstantin Strauch, Mika Kivimäki, Tamara B Harris, Vilmundur Gudnason, Henry Völzke, Lu Qi, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, John C Chambers, Jaspal S Kooner, Philippe Froguel, Charles Kooperberg, Peter Vollenweider, Göran Hallmans, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Andres Metspalu, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, David R Weir, David J Porteous, Eric Boerwinkle, Daniel I Chasman, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Inês Barroso, Mark I McCarthy, Timothy M Frayling, Jeffrey R O'Connell, Cornelia M van Duijn, Michael Boehnke, Iris M Heid, Karen L Mohlke, David P Strachan, Caroline S Fox, Ching-Ti Liu, Joel N Hirschhorn, Robert J Klein, Andrew D Johnson, Ingrid B Borecki, Paul W Franks, Kari E North, L Adrienne Cupples, Ruth J F Loos, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006528.].
August 2017: PLoS Genetics
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