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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822063/mind-body-therapies-in-cancer-what-is-the-latest-evidence
#1
REVIEW
Linda E Carlson, Erin Zelinski, Kirsti Toivonen, Michelle Flynn, Maryam Qureshi, Katherine-Ann Piedalue, Rachel Grant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many people living with cancer use complementary therapies, and some of the most popular are mind-body therapies (MBTs), including relaxation and imagery, hypnosis, yoga, meditation, tai chi and qigong, and art therapies. The efficacy of these modalities was reviewed by assessing recent findings in the context of cancer care. RECENT FINDINGS: These therapies show efficacy in treating common cancer-related side effects, including nausea and vomiting, pain, fatigue, anxiety, depressive symptoms and improving overall quality of life...
August 18, 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819313/the-protein-and-mrna-expression-levels-of-glial-cell-line-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-post-stroke-depression-and-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Yanran Zhang, Haitang Jiang, Yingying Yue, Yingying Yin, Yuqun Zhang, Jinfeng Liang, Shenghua Li, Jun Wang, Jianxin Lu, Deqin Geng, Aiqin Wu, Yonggui Yuan
Previous studies have indicated that the level of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) may be correlated with stroke and depression. Here, we investigated whether GDNF can be a discriminant indicator for post stroke depression (PSD). 159 participants were divided into four groups: PSD, stroke without depression (Non-PSD), major depressive disorder (MDD) and normal control (NC) group, and the protein and mRNA expression levels of GDNF in serum were measured. The results showed that only MDD group had statistical difference in protein and mRNA levels compared with the other three groups (Bonferroni test, P < 0...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811173/prenatal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-pesticides-and-childhood-behavior-and-executive-functioning
#3
Melissa A Furlong, Dana Boyd Barr, Mary S Wolff, Stephanie M Engel
Several previous studies of pyrethroid biomarkers and behavior have reported associations between concurrent pyrethroid levels and adverse behavioral problems in children. One geospatial study reported associations between prenatal exposure to pyrethroids and autism. However, the association between prenatal pyrethroid biomarkers and childhood behavior is unknown. The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Center is a prospective birth cohort with urinary pyrethroid biomarkers during pregnancy and behavioral measurements at 4, 6, and 7-9 years of age...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809398/precision-medicine-for-suicidality-from-universality-to-subtypes-and-personalization
#4
A B Niculescu, H Le-Niculescu, D F Levey, P L Phalen, H L Dainton, K Roseberry, E M Niculescu, J O Niezer, A Williams, D L Graham, T J Jones, V Venugopal, A Ballew, M Yard, T Gelbart, S M Kurian, A Shekhar, N J Schork, G E Sandusky, D R Salomon
Suicide remains a clear, present and increasing public health problem, despite being a potentially preventable tragedy. Its incidence is particularly high in people with overt or un(der)diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Objective and precise identification of individuals at risk, ways of monitoring response to treatments and novel preventive therapeutics need to be discovered, employed and widely deployed. We sought to investigate whether blood gene expression biomarkers for suicide (that is, a 'liquid biopsy' approach) can be identified that are more universal in nature, working across psychiatric diagnoses and genders, using larger cohorts than in previous studies...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807619/neuroplasticity-related-mechanisms-underlying-the-antidepressant-like-effects-of%C3%A2-traditional-herbal-medicines
#5
REVIEW
Yafit Hirshler, Ravid Doron
Traditional herbal medicine can offer efficacious and safe alternative pharmacotherapies for depression. The ability of an herbal medicine to produce neuroadaptive processes, that enhance neuroplasticity and cellular resilience in response to chronic stress, may point to its antidepressant potential. We suggest that among many investigated herbal medicines, those that can enhance neuroplasticity may have stronger therapeutic potential. The current article presents a summary of traditional herbal medicines, which are thought to exert antidepressant-like effects in chronic stress models via neuroplasticity enhancement...
August 11, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804633/fractalkine-c-x3-c-motif-chemokine-ligand-1-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-colorectal-cancer-patients
#6
Diego Oliveira Miranda, Elen Anatriello, Lucas Ribeiro Azevedo, Jessica Cristina Santos, Jessica Fernanda Correa Cordeiro, Fernanda Maris Peria, Milena Flória-Santos, Gabriela Pereira-Da-Silva
Fractalkine, a unique chemokine of the CX3C subfamily, is involved in the pathogenesis of different types of cancer and also in non-immune mechanisms associated with psychiatric disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is a correlation between anxiety, depression and fractalkine serum levels in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients in different stages of antitumor therapy. Four groups of patients undergoing treatment (n=20 per group) were evaluated: Patients with CRC who did not undergo surgical resection of the tumor; patients who underwent resection and who did not start adjuvant therapy; patients undergoing chemotherapy for ~3 months; and patients who had completed adjuvant chemotherapy regimen for ~6 months...
August 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798699/schizophrenia-or-atypical-lupus-erythematosus-with-predominant-psychiatric-manifestations-over-25%C3%A2-years-case-analysis-and-review
#7
Axel Mack, Christiane Pfeiffer, E Marion Schneider, Karl Bechter
We observed a case over 25 years of relapsing-remitting schizophrenic spectrum disorder, varying regarding the main symptomatology between more depressive or more schizoaffective or rather typical schizophrenic syndrome. Diseased phases were repeatedly accompanied by minor skin lesions, which were initially classified as mixed tissue disorder. Psychotic phases were waxing-waning over years. During one later relapse, skin involvement was severe, classified to likely represent an allergic reaction to psychopharmaca; this generalized exanthema remitted rapidly with cortisone treatment and azathioprine...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789856/age-related-differences-in-stress-responsiveness-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-of-nonhuman-primates-with-various-types-of-adaptive-behavior
#8
Nadezhda D Goncharova, Tamara E Oganyan
Aging is characterized by disturbances in the functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, associated with disturbances in the adaptation processes and increase of the probability of the onset of post-stress syndrome. However, the individual features of age-related disorders stress reactivity of HPA axis have not been studied. The purpose was to study individual characteristics of the HPA axis responsiveness to acute psycho-emotional stress exposure (restraint, ASE) at different age periods on the model of the young adult and old physically healthy female rhesus monkeys that differ in their behavioral responses to stress, i...
August 5, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783935/the-relationship-between-ghrelin-and-copeptin-levels-and-anxiety-and-depression-levels-in-suicide-attempts
#9
Metin Atescelik, Mustafa Yilmaz, Sevda Korkmaz, Mehmet Cagri Goktekin, Mehtap Gurger, Nevin Ilhan
Objective: It was aimed to detect acylated ghrelin (AG), unacylated ghrelin (UG) and copeptin levels in patients with suicide attempts and to determine if these biomarkers are risk factors for suicide attempts. Methods: Serum copeptin, AG and GU levels were screened in 128 patients who were admitted to emergency department with suicide attempts and 59 healthy controls. Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were applied simultaneously, and the data were compared statistically...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780788/-therapeutic-effect-of-mir-489-in-a-mouse-model-of-silica-induced-matured-pulmonary-fibrosis
#10
S X Jin, Q Y Wu, W W Yan, C H Ni
Objective: To explore the potential therapeutic role of miR-489 in silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis mouse models. Methods: A total of 32 C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into four groups: saline, silica, silica plus miRNA control and silica plus miR-489 agomir (n=8 in each group) . The mice were instilled with silica particles suspended in saline or sterile saline intratracheally. Subsequently, miR-489 agomir or miRNA control was injected via the tail vein into each mouse at days 28, 35, 42 and 49, the miR-489 levels, histological examination, collagen deposition, fibrotic biomarkers (E-cadherin, α-SMA, Vimentin, Fibronectin) and transforming growth factor-β(1) (TGF-β(1)) protein levels in mouse lung tissues were measured...
May 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776303/premotor-diagnosis-of-parkinson-s-disease
#11
REVIEW
Heinz Reichmann
Typical Parkinsonian symptoms consist of bradykinesia plus rigidity and/or resting tremor. Some time later postural instability occurs. Pre-motor symptoms such as hyposmia, constipation, REM sleep behavior disorder and depression may antecede these motor symptoms for years. It would be ideal, if we had a biomarker which would allow to predict who with one or two of these pre-motor symptoms will develop the movement disorder Parkinson's disease (PD). Thus, it is interesting to learn that biopsies of the submandibular gland or colon biopsies may be a means to predict PD, if there is a high amout of abnormally folded alpha-synuclein and phosphorylated alpha-synuclein...
August 3, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771381/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structures-of-the-korean-version-of-children-s-depression-rating-scale-revised
#12
Kyoung-Min Kim, Sojeong Nam, Jae-Won Choi, A-Hyun Jung, Soon-Beom Hong, Jun Won Kim, Soo Yeon Kim, Eunji Kim, Jae-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: The Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) is a valid instrument for the assessment of depressive symptoms in youth, but this measure is yet to be validated in Korea. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the validity of the Korean version of the CDRS-R and to determine its factor structures. METHODS: This study included 66 youths between 12 and 17 years of age who participated as part of an ongoing study investigating biomarkers of the antidepressant response and suicidal events in depressed youth...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769542/relationship-of-mean-platelet-volume-to-mdd-a-retrospective-study
#13
Liqiang Cai, Luoyi Xu, Lili Wei, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: Results of numerous studies show that major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with a chronic low-grade inflammation, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. AIM: To compare the results of blood cell analysis of MDD patients with healthy controls, and explore the potential value of it as an indicator of immune-inflammation in MDD, especially the mean platelet volume. METHODS: 103 MDD patients and 106 healthy controls with matched age and gender were recruited...
February 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766982/serum-met-5-enkephalin-levels-are-reduced-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-restored-by-low-dose-naltrexone
#14
Michael D Ludwig, Ian S Zagon, Patricia J McLaughlin
Low-dose naltrexone is a widely used off-label therapeutic prescribed for a variety of immune-related disorders. The mechanism underlying low-dose naltrexone's efficacy for fatigue, Crohn's disease, fibromyalgia, and multiple sclerosis is, in part, intermittent blockade of opioid receptors followed by upregulation of endogenous opioids. Short, intermittent blockade by naltrexone specifically blocks the opioid growth factor receptor resulting in biofeedback events that increase production of the endogenous opioid growth factor (OGF) (chemically termed [Met(5)]-enkephalin) facilitating interactions between opioid growth factor and opioid growth factor receptor that ultimately, result in inhibited cell proliferation...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764913/microrna-124-targets-glucocorticoid-receptor-and-is-involved-in-depression-like-behaviors
#15
Shuang-Shuang Wang, Rong-Hao Mu, Cheng-Fu Li, Shu-Qi Dong, Di Geng, Qing Liu, Li-Tao Yi
Dysregulation of microRNA (miRNA) has been shown to be involved in early observations of depression. MicroRNA-124-3p (miR-124) is the most abundant microRNA in the brain. Previous studies have shown that miR-124 plays a major role in depression. Here we showed that miR-124 directly targeted glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in HEK 293 cells. In addition, inhibition of miR-124 by its antagomir (2nmol/every two days) could reverse the decrease of sucrose preference and the increase of immobility time in mice exposed to chronic corticosterone (CORT, 40mg/kg) injection...
July 29, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758644/smri-biomarkers-predict-electroconvulsive-treatment-outcomes-accuracy-with-independent-data-sets
#16
Rongtao Jiang, Christopher C Abbott, Tianzi Jiang, Yuhui Du, Randall Espinoza, Katherine L Narr, Benjamin Wade, Qingbao Yu, Ming Song, Dongdong Lin, Jiayu Chen, Thomas Jones, Miklos Argyelan, Georgios Petrides, Jing Sui, Vince D Calhoun
Due to the rapid and robust clinical effects, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) represents an optimal model to develop and test treatment predictors for major depressive disorders (MDD), while imaging markers can be informative in identifying MDD patients who will respond to a specific antidepressant treatment or not. Here, we aim to predict post-ECT depressive rating changes and remission status using pre-ECT grey matter (GM) in 38 MDD patients and validate in two independent datasets. Six GM regions including right hippocampus/parahippocampus, right orbitofrontal gyrus, right inferior temporal gyrus, left postcentral gyrus/precuneus, left supplementary motor area, and left lingual gyrus were identified as predictors of ECT response, achieving accuracy of 89, 90 and 86% for remission prediction in three independent, age-matched datasets respectively...
July 31, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757598/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-for-treating-neurocognitive-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders-following-traumatic-brain-injury-an-evaluation-of-current-evidence
#17
REVIEW
John K Yue, John F Burke, Pavan S Upadhyayula, Ethan A Winkler, Hansen Deng, Caitlin K Robinson, Romain Pirracchio, Catherine G Suen, Sourabh Sharma, Adam R Ferguson, Laura B Ngwenya, Murray B Stein, Geoffrey T Manley, Phiroz E Tarapore
The prevalence of neuropsychiatric disorders following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is 20%-50%, and disorders of mood and cognition may remain even after recovery of neurologic function is achieved. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) block the reuptake of serotonin in presynaptic cells to lead to increased serotonergic activity in the synaptic cleft, constituting first-line treatment for a variety of neurocognitive and neuropsychiatric disorders. This review investigates the utility of SSRIs in treating post-TBI disorders...
July 25, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751021/the-association-between-alcohol-abuse-and-neuroendocrine-system-dysregulation-race-differences-in-a-national-sample
#18
Yusuf Ransome, Natalie Slopen, Oskar Karlsson, David R Williams
Health outcomes, including chronic disease and mortality, attributed to or associated with alcohol abuse are discrepant between African Americans and Whites. To date, the topic is not fully understood and few studies conducted have used biomarker indicators of health. We investigated whether the association between alcohol abuse and biomarkers of the neuroendocrine system vary between black or African American and White respondents aged 34 to 84 from the Midlife in the United States Study (MIDUS) II (2004-2006) (n =1,129)...
July 24, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748850/correlation-between-electroencephalogram-alterations-and-frontal-cognitive-impairment-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-complicated-with-depression
#19
Yin Cao, Xia Chen, Hui Xie, Ling Zou, Li-Jun Hu, Xian-Ju Zhou
BACKGROUND: Some esophageal cancer patients complicated with depression exhibit cognitive impairments. Frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) may be used as a reliable biomarker for prefrontal-mediated cognitive functions. This study was to investigate alterations of EEG and frontal cognitive impairment in esophageal cancer patients complicated with depression and to assess their correlation. METHODS: Sixty-five esophageal cancer patients with depression (study group) and 62 healthy controls (control group) were included in this study...
August 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747121/assessment-of-yoga-as-an-adjuvant-treatment-for-combat-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Linda McCarthy, Judith Fuller, Georgina Davidson, Alicia Crump, Sandro Positano, Chris Alderman
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed yoga as an adjuvant strategy for symptoms of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Subjects had significant, combat-related PTSD. Control data were collected during an eight-week waiting period. Trauma-sensitive yoga sessions of 90 minutes duration were provided every seven days for eight weeks. Assessments included the PTSD checklist (PCL); the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS); the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); the Adult/Adolescent Sensory Profile (AASP); the SF36 Quality of Life instrument; and a brief, structured pre-enrolment assessment of attitudes towards yoga...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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