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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532224/comparing-clinical-outcomes-of-a-pharmacist-managed-diabetes-clinic-to-usual-physician-based-care
#1
Jordan L Schultz, Kathleen E Horner, Deanna L McDanel, Michelle L Miller, Randi L Beranek, Ryan B Jacobsen, Nichole J Sly, Aaron C Miller, Lisa A Mascardo
BACKGROUND: This study analyzed the impact of a pharmacist-managed diabetes clinic on clinical outcomes compared to usual care received from primary care providers (PCPs). This comparison may more definitively demonstrate the value of pharmacist management of chronic disease states. METHODS: Retrospective observational cohort study conducted in patients referred to a pharmacist-managed pharmacotherapy (PT) clinic from July 2009 to October 2014. RESULTS: For the primary outcome, the absolute change in A1c during the usual care phase was +1...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515505/application-of-the-layered-learning-practice-model-in-an-academic-medical-center
#2
Brittany M Loy, Sendra Yang, Jason M Moss, Debra W Kemp, Jamie N Brown
The layered learning practice model (LLPM) is a teaching strategy designed to train residents to precept students and other residents with the oversight of a seasoned clinical pharmacist. This model serves as a tool for residency programs to implement quality precepting opportunities and learning experiences as they look for new ways to integrate multiple learners into the practice setting. The levels of the LLPM include a senior preceptor, resident, and student. It is best implemented through utilization of 4 steps: orientation to the LLPM, preexperience planning, implementation, and postexperience evaluation...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508324/impact-of-clinical-pharmacist-intervention-in-anticoagulation-clinic-in-sudan
#3
Nahid Osman Ahmed, Bashier Osman, Yassein Mohamed Abdelhai, Tariq Muhammed Hashim El-Hadiyah
Background Many trials have compared anticoagulation management provided by a pharmacist led anticoagulation clinic versus usual physician care showing the role for clinical pharmacist in the management of anticoagulant therapy, and demonstrating excellent outcomes. In Sudan, there is no published research evaluating the role of pharmacist in providing pharmaceutical care for patients taking warfarin. Objective The objective of the study is to assess the role of clinical pharmacist intervention in warfarin patients compared to usual medical care...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507656/development-of-a-pharmacist-referral-program-in-a-primary-care-clinic-prepare-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#4
Arden R Barry
BACKGROUND: Increasing demand for ambulatory health care services has led to the development of primary care multidisciplinary teams that include pharmacists. The objective of this study was to characterize referrals to a pharmacist in a primary care clinic (PCC) based in Chilliwack, British Columbia. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included all patients referred to the PCC pharmacist over 12 months (May 2015 to April 2016). Data regarding the source/reason for referral, patient demographics, medical problems/medications and number/category of identified drug therapy concerns (DTCs) were collected...
May 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507433/effect-of-pharmaceutical-care-on-clinical-outcomes-of-outpatients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Hua Shao, Guoming Chen, Chao Zhu, Yongfei Chen, Yamin Liu, Yuxing He, Hui Jin
BACKGROUND: In the People's Republic of China, outpatients have limited time with their physicians. Thus, compared to inpatients, outpatients have lower medication adherence and are less knowledgeable about their disease. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of pharmaceutical care on clinical outcomes of outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomized, controlled, prospective clinical trial was conducted recruiting a total of 240 T2DM outpatients from Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506574/the-degree-of-integration-of-non-dispensing-pharmacists-in-primary-care-practice-and-the-impact-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Ankie C M Hazen, Antoinette A de Bont, Lia Boelman, Dorien L M Zwart, Johan J de Gier, Niek J de Wit, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: A non-dispensing pharmacist conducts clinical pharmacy services aimed at optimizing patients individual pharmacotherapy. Embedding a non-dispensing pharmacist in primary care practice enables collaboration, probably enhancing patient care. The degree of integration of non-dispensing pharmacists into multidisciplinary health care teams varies strongly between settings. The degree of integration may be a determinant for its success. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates how the degree of integration of a non-dispensing pharmacist impacts medication related health outcomes in primary care...
April 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506378/pharmacist-to-prescriber-intervention-to-close-therapeutic-gaps-for-statin-use-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hannah M Renner, Amanda Hollar, Samuel F Stolpe, Macary Weck Marciniak
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a community pharmacist-led intervention on the proportion of patients with diabetes placed on statin therapy. DESIGN: The Pharmacy Quality Alliance endorsed a performance measure, Statin Use in Persons with Diabetes, which evaluates the percentage of patients aged 40-75 years who were dispensed a medication for diabetes and also received a statin medication. SETTING: This new measure has been implemented within the Electronic Quality Improvement Platform for Plans and Pharmacies (EQuIPP) dashboard...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505367/effect-of-health-information-exchange-on-recognition-of-medication-discrepancies-is-interrupted-when-data-charges-are-introduced-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Kenneth S Boockvar, William Ho, Jennifer Pruskowski, Katherine E DiPalo, Jane J Wong, Jessica Patel, Jonathan R Nebeker, Rainu Kaushal, William Hung
Objectives: : To determine the effect of health information exchange (HIE) on medication prescribing for hospital inpatients in a cluster-randomized controlled trial, and to examine the prescribing effect of availability of information from a large pharmacy insurance plan in a natural experiment. Methods: : Patients admitted to an urban hospital received structured medication reconciliation by an intervention pharmacist with (intervention) or without (control) access to a regional HIE...
May 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503220/medication-reconciliation-errors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-admission-discrepancies-and-risk-factors
#9
Faizan Mazhar, Shahzad Akram, Yousif A Al-Osaimi, Nafis Haider
BACKGROUND: Medication reconciliation is a major component of safe patient care. One of the main problems in the implementation of a medication reconciliation process is the lack of human resources. With limited resources, it is better to target medication reconciliation resources to patients who will derive the most benefit from it. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine the frequency and types of medication reconciliation errors identified by pharmacists performing medication reconciliation at admission...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501031/-analysis-of-the-cochrane-review-non-medical-prescribing-versus-medical-prescribing-for-acute-and-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-and-secondary-care-cochrane-database-syst-rev-2016-11-cd011227
#10
Gonçalo Silva Duarte, Ricardo Martins Delgado, João Costa, António Vaz-Carneiro
In countries with diverse socioeconomic levels, in order to address the health care demands, the consideration of a wide array of strategies is needed; among these, non-medical prescription can be included. The objective of this revision was to ascertain whether non-medical prescription results in comparable clinical and patient-related outcomes to medical prescription. This systematic review was conducted in compliance with the standard Cochrane methodology. Clinical outcomes were compared between prescription carried out by non-medical health professionals and doctors, provided that the non-medical health professional prescribed with a high degree of autonomy, both in hospital and community practice, in countries with low, medium and high socioeconomic level...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500192/deprescribing-proton-pump-inhibitors-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#11
Barbara Farrell, Kevin Pottie, Wade Thompson, Taline Boghossian, Lisa Pizzola, Farah Joy Rashid, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Kate Walsh, Vivian Welch, Paul Moayyedi
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper or stop proton pump inhibitors (PPIs); to focus on the highest level of evidence available and seek input from primary care professionals in the guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. METHODS: Five health professionals (1 family physician, 3 pharmacists, and 1 gastroenterologist) and 5 nonvoting members comprised the overall team; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
May 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495815/understanding-the-implementation-and-adoption-of-an-information-technology-intervention-to-support-medicine-optimisation-in-primary-care-qualitative-study-using-strong-structuration-theory
#12
Mark Jeffries, Denham Phipps, Rachel L Howard, Anthony Avery, Sarah Rodgers, Darren Ashcroft
OBJECTIVES: Using strong structuration theory, we aimed to understand the adoption and implementation of an electronic clinical audit and feedback tool to support medicine optimisation for patients in primary care. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study informed by strong structuration theory. The analysis was thematic, using a template approach. An a priori set of thematic codes, based on strong structuration theory, was developed from the literature and applied to the transcripts...
May 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485536/an-innovative-framework-to-improve-teratogenic-medication-risk-counseling
#13
Swati Shroff, Melissa McNeil, Sonya Borrero
Health care providers in the Veterans Affairs system are caring for a growing number of women of childbearing age. Prior research shows that a significant number of women veterans are prescribed category D or X teratogenic medications. However, the majority do not receive teratogenic risk or contraceptive counseling. In order to improve teratogenic medication prescribing practices at the Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, we developed a framework called TARCC to guide primary care providers through appropriate teratogenic risk counseling...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483892/a-hepatitis-c-treatment-program-based-in-a-safety-net-hospital-patient-centered-medical-home
#14
Karen E Lasser, Alexandra Heinz, Leandra Battisti, Alexandria Akoumianakis, Ve Truong, Judith Tsui, Glorimar Ruiz, Jeffrey H Samet
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health problem. Urban safety-net hospitals are a prime location for HCV treatment delivery. Showing that physicians in primary care settings can deliver HCV infection care is important to expand treatment; models doing so in the era of newer oral HCV medications are needed. This article describes an innovative and successful HCV primary care treatment program in a patient-centered medical home based at an urban, safety-net hospital. The program is public health oriented in that a central team member is a public health social worker who performs population management and addresses underlying social determinants of health to facilitate engagement in HCV treatment...
May 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483889/bridging-the-gaps-between-patients-and-primary-care-in-china-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#15
William C W Wong, Sunfang Jiang, Jason J Ong, Minghui Peng, Eric Wan, Shanzhu Zhu, Cindy L K Lam, Michael R Kidd, Martin Roland
PURPOSE: China introduced a national policy of developing primary care in 2009, establishing 8,669 community health centers (CHCs) by 2014 that employed more than 300,000 staff. These facilities have been underused, however, because of public mistrust of physicians and overreliance on specialist care. METHODS: We selected a stratified random sample of CHCs throughout China based on geographic distribution and urban-suburban ratios between September and December 2015...
May 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479220/electronic-medication-complete-communication-strategy-for-opioid-prescriptions-in-the-emergency-department-rationale-and-design-for-a-three-arm-provider-randomized-trial
#16
Danielle M McCarthy, D Mark Courtney, Patrick M Lank, Kenzie A Cameron, Andrea M Russell, Laura M Curtis, Kwang-Youn A Kim, Surrey M Walton, Enid Montague, Abbie L Lyden, Stephanie J Gravenor, Michael S Wolf
BACKGROUND: Thousands of people die annually from prescription opioid overdoses; however there are few strategies to ensure patients receive medication risk information at the time of prescribing. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of the Emergency Department (ED) Electronic Medication Complete Communication (EMC(2)) Opioid Strategy (with and without text messaging) to promote safe medication use and improved patient knowledge as compared to usual care. METHODS: The ED EMC(2) Opioid Strategy consists of 5 automated components to promote safe medication use: 1) physician reminder to counsel, 2) inbox message sent on to the patient's primary care physician, 3) pharmacist message on the prescription to counsel, 4) MedSheet supporting prescription information, and 5) patient-centered Take-Wait-Stop wording of prescription instructions...
May 4, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479019/utilization-of-influenza-and-streptococcal-pharyngitis-point-of-care-testing-in-the-community-pharmacy-practice-setting
#17
Donald G Klepser, Michael E Klepser, Jaclyn K Smith, Allison M Dering-Anderson, Maggie Nelson, Lauren E Pohren
BACKGROUND: One way to reduce the complications and costs of influenza like illness and pharyngitis is to improve access to testing and treatment in early stages of infection. Pharmacy-based screening and treatment of group A streptococcus (GAS) infection and influenza has the potential to improve patient care and population health. OBJECTIVE: To improve patient care and population health, the objective of this retrospective study was to assess if a previously validated service model could be implemented by pharmacy chains without mandated standardization...
May 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471043/clozapine-and-concomitant-medications-assessing-the-completeness-and-accuracy-of-medication-records-for-people-prescribed-clozapine-under-shared-care-arrangements
#18
Kate Murphy, Ian Coombes, Vikas Moudgil, Susan Patterson, Amanda Wheeler
RATIONALE, AIM, AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to assess the completeness and accuracy of medication records held by stakeholders (secondary care, general practice, and community pharmacy) for clozapine consumers managed in a shared care programme. METHODS: This was an exploratory, descriptive study examining secondary and primary care medication records in a large, urban, public mental health service setting in Queensland, Australia. Consumers (18-65 years old) prescribed clozapine under shared care management with capacity to consent were eligible (n = 55) to participate...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468524/accountable-care-in-transitions-action-a-team-based-approach-to-reducing-hospital-utilization-in-a-patient-centered-medical-home
#19
Emily M Hawes, Jennifer N Smith, Nicole R Pinelli, Rayhaan Adams, Gretchen Tong, Sam Weir, Mark Gwynne
BACKGROUND: There is limited data describing the role of the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) in successful transitions programs and more information is needed to determine the transition points where pharmacist involvement is most impactful. METHODS: A family medicine center developed a multidisciplinary outpatient-based transitions program focused on reducing emergency department (ED) and hospital use in medically complex patients. Key team members were a medical provider, clinical pharmacist practitioner (CPP), and care manager...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459897/association-of-inpatient-antimicrobial-utilization-measures-with-antimicrobial-stewardship-activities-and-facility-characteristics-of-veterans-affairs-medical-centers
#20
Christopher J Graber, Makoto M Jones, Ann F Chou, Yue Zhang, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Karl Madaras-Kelly, Matthew H Samore, Peter A Glassman
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) have been advocated to improve antimicrobial utilization, but program implementation is variable. Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) have been advocated to improve antimicrobial utilization, but program implementation is variable. OBJECTIVE: To determine associations between ASPs and facility characteristics, and inpatient antimicrobial utilization measures in the Veterans Affairs (VA) system in 2012. DESIGN: In 2012, VA administered a survey on antimicrobial stewardship practices to designated ASP contacts at VA acute care hospitals...
May 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
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