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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637841/protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-%C3%AE-mediates-the-sema3a-induced-cortical-basal-dendritic-arborization-through-the-activation-of-fyn-tyrosine-kinase
#1
Fumio Nakamura, Takako Okada, Maria Shishikura, Noriko Uetani, Masahiko Taniguchi, Takeshi Yagi, Yoichiro Iwakura, Toshio Ohshima, Yoshio Goshima, Stephen M Strittmatter
Leukocyte common antigen related (LAR) class protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) are critical for axonal guidance; however, their relation to specific guidance cues is poorly defined. We here show that PTP-3, LAR homologue in C. elegans, is involved in axon guidance regulated by Sema2A-signaling. PTPδ, one of vertebrate LAR class PTPs, participates in Sema3A-induced growth cone collapse response of primary cultured dorsal root ganglion neurons from M. musculus embryos. In vivo, however, the contribution of PTPδ in Sema3A-regualted axon guidance was minimal...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634120/highly-reproducible-improved-label-free-quantitative-analysis-of-cellular-phosphoproteome-by-optimization-of-lc-ms-ms-gradient-and-analytical-column-construction
#2
Nagib Ahsan, Judson Belmont, Zhuo Chen, James G Clifton, Arthur R Salomon
Expanding the sequencing depth of the peptides with a statistically significant quantitative change derived from a biological stimulation is critical. Here we demonstrate that optimization of LC gradient and analytical column construction can reveal over 30,000 unique peptides and 23,000 phosphopeptides at high confidence. The quantitative reproducibility of different analytical workflows was evaluated by comparing the phosphoproteome of CD3/4 stimulated and unstimulated T-cells as a model system. A fritless, 50cm-long column packed with 1...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627654/bioinformatics-analysis-of-transcription-profiling-of-solid-pseudopapillary-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas
#3
Yongping Zhang, Xu Han, Hao Wu, Yifeng Zhou
Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas is a low-grade malignant neoplasm that accounts for ~5% of cystic pancreatic tumors and ~0.9‑2.7% of exocrine pancreatic tumors. The transcription profiling data (GSE43795) of 14 SPN and 6 control samples were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Using the Limma package, Student's t‑tests were performed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between SPN and control samples [with the following criterion: False discovery rate (FDR)<0...
June 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625738/mechanisms-of-paradoxical-activation-of-ampk-by-the-kinase-inhibitors-su6656-and-sorafenib
#4
Fiona A Ross, Simon A Hawley, F Romana Auciello, Graeme J Gowans, Abdelmadjid Atrih, Douglas J Lamont, D Grahame Hardie
SU6656, a Src kinase inhibitor, was reported to increase fat oxidation and reduce body weight in mice, with proposed mechanisms involving AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation via inhibition of phosphorylation of either LKB1 or AMPK by the Src kinase, Fyn. However, we report that AMPK activation by SU6656 is independent of Src kinases or tyrosine phosphorylation of LKB1 or AMPK and is not due to decreased cellular energy status or binding at the ADaM site on AMPK. SU6656 is a potent AMPK inhibitor, yet binding at the catalytic site paradoxically promotes phosphorylation of Thr172 by LKB1...
June 7, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606845/effects-of-community-screening-for-helicobacter-pylori-13-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-hep-fyn
#5
Maria Bomme Høgh, Jane Møller Hansen, Mette Wildner-Christensen, Jesper Hallas, Ove B Schaffalitzky de Muckadell
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication improves the prognosis of peptic ulcer disease (PUD), dyspepsia, and possibly gastric cancer. Hp screening tests are accurate and eradication therapy is effective. Hp population screening seems attractive. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of Hp population screening and eradication on dyspepsia prevalence and the incidence of PUD, and as secondary outcomes to assess the effect on health-care consumption and quality of life...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598420/tespa1-regulates-t-cell-receptor-induced-calcium-signals-by-recruiting-inositol-1-4-5-trisphosphate-receptors
#6
Jingjing Liang, Jun Lyu, Meng Zhao, Dan Li, Mingzhu Zheng, Yan Fang, Fangzhu Zhao, Jun Lou, Chuansheng Guo, Lie Wang, Di Wang, Wanli Liu, Linrong Lu
Thymocyte-expressed, positive selection-associated 1 (Tespa1) is important in T cell receptor (TCR)-driven thymocyte development. Downstream of the TCR, Tespa1 is a crucial component of the linker for activation of T cells (LAT) signalosome, facilitating calcium signalling and subsequent MAPK activation. However, it is unknown how Tespa1 elicits calcium signalling. Here, we show that inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1 (IP3R1) is crucial for Tespa1-optimized, TCR-induced Ca(2+) flux and thymocyte development...
June 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595780/the-beneficial-effects-of-zinc-on-diabetes-induced-kidney-damage-in-murine-rodent-model-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Fan Yang, Bing Li, Xiaoming Dong, Wenpeng Cui, Ping Luo
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic multi-factorial metabolic disorder resulting from impaired glucose homeostasis. Zinc is a key co-factor for the correct functioning of anti-oxidant enzymes. Zinc deficiency therefore, impairs their synthesis, leading to increased oxidative stress within cells. Zinc deficiency occurs commonly in diabetic patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of varying concentrations of zinc on diabetic nephropathy (DN) and the underlying mechanisms involved. FVB male mice aged 8 weeks were injected intraperitoneally with multiple low-dose streptozotocin at a concentration of 50mg/kg body weight daily for 5 days...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586109/fyn-kinase-mediates-cortical-actin-ring-depolymerization-required-for-mast-cell-migration-in-response-to-tgf-%C3%AE-in-mice
#8
Karla A Ramírez-Valadez, Genaro Vázquez-Victorio, Marina Macías-Silva, Claudia González-Espinosa
Transforming Growth Factor-β (TGF-β) is a potent mast cell (MC) chemoattractant able to modulate local inflammatory reactions. The molecular mechanism leading to TGF-β-directed MC migration is not fully described. Here we analyzed the role of the Src family protein kinase Fyn on the main TGF-β-induced cytoskeletal changes leading to MC migration. Utilizing bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) from WT and Fyn-deficient mice we found that BMMC migration to TGF-β was impaired in the absence of the kinase...
June 6, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560430/fyn-heterogeneous-nuclear-ribonucleoprotein-e1-signaling-regulates-pancreatic-cancer-metastasis-by-affecting-the-alternative-splicing-of-integrin-%C3%AE-1
#9
Peng Jiang, Zhonghu Li, Feng Tian, Xiaowu Li, Jin Yang
Pancreatic cancer is characterized by a dense desmoplastic reaction in which extracellular matrix proteins accumulate and surround tumor cells. Integrins and their related signaling molecules are associated with progression of pancreatic cancer. In the present study, the association between the metastasis of pancreatic cancer and the expression of hnRNP E1 and integrin β1 was evaluated. In vitro and in vivo experiments were designed to study the mechanism underlying the regulation of integrin β1 splicing by the Fyn/hnRNP E1 spliceosome...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560425/investigating-critical-genes-and-gene-interaction-networks-that-mediate-cyclophosphamide-sensitivity-in-chronic-myelogenous-leukemia
#10
Xiao He, Yuying Deng, Wei Yue
Drug resistance is an obstacle in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), and is a common reason for treatment failure or disease progression. However, the underlying mechanisms of cyclophosphamide resistance remain poorly defined. In the present study, microarray data concerning cyclophosphamide‑sensitive and ‑resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia cell lines were analyzed. A total of 258 differentially‑expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between these two groups, from which 139 DEGs were upregulated and 119 were downregulated...
July 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542923/the-polysialic-acid-mimetics-idarubicin-and-irinotecan-stimulate-neuronal-survival-and-neurite-outgrowth-and-signal-via-protein-kinase-c
#11
Gabriele Loers, Steven Astafiev, Yuliya Hapiak, Vedangana Saini, Bibhudatta Mishra, Sheraz Gul, Gurcharan Kaur, Melitta Schachner, Thomas Theis
Polysialic acid (PSA) is a large, negatively charged, linear homopolymer of alpha2-8-linked sialic acid residues. It is generated by two polysialyltransferases and attached to N- and/or O-linked glycans, and its main carrier is the neural cell adhesion molecule NCAM. PSA controls the development and regeneration of the nervous system by enhancing cell migration, axon pathfinding, synaptic targeting, synaptic plasticity, by regulating the differentiation of progenitor cells and by modulating cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539383/glomerulosclerosis-induced-by-deficiency-of-membrane-associated-guanylate-kinase-inverted-2-in-kidney-podocytes
#12
Naritoshi Shirata, Kan-Ichiro Ihara, Kanae Yamamoto-Nonaka, Takuto Seki, Shin-Ichi Makino, Juan Alejandro Oliva Trejo, Takafumi Miyake, Hiroyuki Yamada, Kirk Nicholas Campbell, Takahiko Nakagawa, Kiyoshi Mori, Motoko Yanagita, Peter Mundel, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Katsuhiko Asanuma
Membrane-associated guanylate kinase inverted 2 (MAGI-2) is a component of the slit diaphragm (SD) of glomerular podocytes. Here, we investigated the podocyte-specific function of MAGI-2 using newly generated podocyte-specific MAGI-2-knockout (MAGI-2-KO) mice. Compared with podocytes from wild-type mice, podocytes from MAGI-2-KO mice exhibited SD disruption, morphologic abnormalities of foot processes, and podocyte apoptosis leading to podocyte loss. These pathologic changes manifested as massive albuminuria by 8 weeks of age and glomerulosclerosis and significantly higher plasma creatinine levels at 12 weeks of age; all MAGI-2-KO mice died by 20 weeks of age...
May 24, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535499/the-role-of-5-htr6-in-mossy-fiber-sprouting-activating-fyn-and-p-erk1-2-in-pilocarpine-induced-chronic-epileptic-rats
#13
Wanhui Lin, Wenli Huang, Shenggen Chen, Mingxing Lin, Qingyu Huang, Huapin Huang
OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective is to verify whether 5-HTR6 is involved in the development of mossy fiber sprouting (MFS), and to determine how the progression of MFS is affected by 5-HTR6. METHODS: A total of 90 male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated into either the control group (n=36) or the epileptic group (n=54). Status epilepticus (SE) of rats was induced by the intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of LiCl-pilocarpine. We conducted our experiments in two stages...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533542/regulation-of-gvbd-in-mouse-oocytes-by-mir-125a-3p-and-fyn-kinase-through-modulation-of-actin-filaments
#14
Hadas Grossman, Efrat Har-Paz, Natalie Gindi, Mattan Levi, Irit Miller, Nava Nevo, Dalia Galiani, Nava Dekel, Ruth Shalgi
Meiotically arrested oocytes are characterized by the presence of the nuclear structure known as germinal-vesicle (GV), the breakdown of which (GVBD) is associated with resumption of meiosis. Fyn is a pivotal factor in resumption of the first meiotic division; its inhibition markedly decreases the fraction of oocytes undergoing GVBD. Here, we reveal that in mouse oocytes Fyn is post-transcriptionally regulated by miR-125a-3p. We demonstrate that in oocytes resuming meiosis miR-125a-3p and Fyn exhibit a reciprocal expression pattern; miR-125a-3p decreases alongside with an increase in Fyn expression...
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526038/phosphorylation-of-tau-at-y18-but-not-tau-fyn-binding-is-required-for-tau-to-modulate-nmda-receptor-dependent-excitotoxicity-in-primary-neuronal-culture
#15
Takashi Miyamoto, Liana Stein, Reuben Thomas, Biljana Djukic, Praveen Taneja, Joseph Knox, Keith Vossel, Lennart Mucke
BACKGROUND: Hyperexcitability of neuronal networks can lead to excessive release of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate, which in turn can cause neuronal damage by overactivating NMDA-type glutamate receptors and related signaling pathways. This process (excitotoxicity) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurological conditions, ranging from childhood epilepsies to stroke and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Reducing neuronal levels of the microtubule-associated protein tau counteracts network hyperexcitability of diverse causes, but whether this strategy can also diminish downstream excitotoxicity is less clear...
May 19, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498896/inhibition-of-prdm14-expression-in-pancreatic-cancer-suppresses-cancer-stem-like-properties-and-liver-metastasis-in-mice
#16
Chiharu Moriya, Hiroaki Taniguchi, Kanjiro Miyata, Nobuhiro Nishiyama, Kazunori Kataoka, Kohzoh Imai
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal types of cancer, with aggressive properties characterized by metastasis, recurrence and drug resistance. Cancer stem cells are considered to be responsible for these properties. PRDM14, a transcriptional regulator that maintains pluripotency in embryonic stem cells, is overexpressed in some cancers. Here, we assessed PRDM14 expression and the effects of PRDM14 knockdown on cancer stem-like phenotypes in pancreatic cancer. We observed that PRDM14 protein was overexpressed in pancreatic cancer tissues compared with normal pancreatic tissues...
June 1, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497343/bdnf-contributes-to-spinal-long-term-potentiation-and-mechanical-hypersensitivity-via-fyn-mediated-phosphorylation-of-nmda-receptor-glun2b-subunit-at-tyrosine-1472-in-rats-following-spinal-nerve-ligation
#17
Song Li, Jie Cai, Zhi-Bo Feng, Zi-Run Jin, Bo-Heng Liu, Hong-Yan Zhao, Hong-Bo Jing, Tian-Jiao Wei, Guan-Nan Yang, Ling-Yu Liu, Yan-Jun Cui, Guo-Gang Xing
Previously we have demonstrated that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) contributes to spinal long-term potentiation (LTP) and pain hypersensitivity through activation of GluN2B-containing N-methyl-D-aspartate (GluN2B-NMDA) receptors in rats following spinal nerve ligation (SNL). However, the molecular mechanisms by which BDNF impacts upon GluN2B-NMDA receptors and spinal LTP still remain unclear. In this study, we first documented that Fyn kinase-mediated phosphorylation of GluN2B subunit at tyrosine 1472 (pGluN2B(Y1472)) was involved in BDNF-induced spinal LTP and pain hypersensitivity in intact rats...
May 11, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473753/mechanical-strain-promotes-oligodendrocyte-differentiation-by-global-changes-of-gene-expression
#18
Anna Jagielska, Alexis L Lowe, Ekta Makhija, Liliana Wroblewska, Jochen Guck, Robin J M Franklin, G V Shivashankar, Krystyn J Van Vliet
Differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPC) to oligodendrocytes and subsequent axon myelination are critical steps in vertebrate central nervous system (CNS) development and regeneration. Growing evidence supports the significance of mechanical factors in oligodendrocyte biology. Here, we explore the effect of mechanical strains within physiological range on OPC proliferation and differentiation, and strain-associated changes in chromatin structure, epigenetics, and gene expression. Sustained tensile strain of 10-15% inhibited OPC proliferation and promoted differentiation into oligodendrocytes...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456200/microscopic-insight-into-thermodynamics-of-conformational-changes-of-sap-slam-complex-in-signal-transduction-cascade
#19
Sudipta Samanta, Sanchita Mukherjee
The signalling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) family of receptors, expressed by an array of immune cells, associate with SLAM-associated protein (SAP)-related molecules, composed of single SH2 domain architecture. SAP activates Src-family kinase Fyn after SLAM ligation, resulting in a SLAM-SAP-Fyn complex, where, SAP binds the Fyn SH3 domain that does not involve canonical SH3 or SH2 interactions. This demands insight into this SAP mediated signalling cascade. Thermodynamics of the conformational changes are extracted from the histograms of dihedral angles obtained from the all-atom molecular dynamics simulations of this structurally well characterized SAP-SLAM complex...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448896/differentially-methylated-embryonal-fyn-associated-substrate-efs-gene-as-a-blood-specific-epigenetic-marker-and-its-potential-application-in-forensic-casework
#20
Athina Vidaki, Cecilia Johansson, Federica Giangasparo
DNA methylation patterns have the ability to reveal the activities of genes within a certain tissue at a particular time point. Tissue-specific DNA methylation patterns have been previously investigated for their applicability in the identification of forensically relevant body fluids, however there is still a lack in robust markers. While following a genome-wide scale investigation has a great potential to reveal useful tissue-specific changes, a gene-targeted approach can also lead to significant outcomes, especially in genomic locations not included in the genome-wide experiments...
April 19, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
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