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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678909/restoration-of-physiological-expression-of-5-ht6-into-the-primary-cilia-of-null-mutant-neurons-lengthens-both-primary-cilia-and-dendrites
#1
Atom J Lesiak, Matthew Brodsky, Nathalie Cohenca, Alexandra G Croicu, John F Neumaier
5-HT6 serotonin receptors are promising targets for a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders and have been linked to several cellular signaling cascades. Endogenous 5-HT6 receptors are restricted to the primary neuronal cilium, a small sensory organelle stemming from the cell body that receives numerous extra-synaptic signals. Inhibition of 5-HT6 receptors decreases cilia length in primary neuronal cultures, but the signaling mechanisms involved are still unclear. Intense overexpression of exogenous 5-HT6 receptors increases the likelihood for receptors to localize outside of the primary cilium and have been associated with changes in cilia morphology and dendritic outgrowth...
April 20, 2018: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671020/luteolin-alleviates-cardiac-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-the-hypercholesterolemic-rat-via-activating-akt-nrf2-signaling
#2
Jin-Ting Yang, Jue Wang, Xin-Ru Zhou, Chi Xiao, Yang-Yun Lou, Li-Hui Tang, Feng-Jiang Zhang, Ling-Bo Qian
Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in hypercholesterolemia is associated with oxidative stress, while luteolin is known to reduce oxidative stress by activating Akt/nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling and alleviate cardiac I/R injury. Here, we investigated whether luteolin pretreatment diminishes myocardial I/R injury in hypercholesterolemic rats by activating Akt/Nrf2 signaling. Hypercholesterolemic rats were produced by 2% cholesterol diet for 8 weeks. Luteolin (100 mg/kg/day, i...
April 18, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661967/detachment-of-chain-forming-neuroblasts-by-fyn-mediated-control-of-cell-cell-adhesion-in-the-postnatal-brain
#3
Kazuma Fujikake, Masato Sawada, Takao Hikita, Yayoi Seto, Naoko Kaneko, Vicente Herranz-Pérez, Natsuki Dohi, Natsumi Homma, Satoshi Osaga, Yuchio Yanagawa, Toshihiro Akaike, Jose Manuel García-Verdugo, Mitsuharu Hattori, Kazuya Sobue, Kazunobu Sawamoto
In the rodent olfactory system, neuroblasts produced in the ventricular-subventricular zone of the postnatal brain migrate tangentially in chain-like cell aggregates toward the olfactory bulb (OB) through the rostral migratory stream (RMS). After reaching the OB, the chains are dissociated and the neuroblasts migrate individually and radially toward their final destination. The cellular and molecular mechanisms controlling cell-cell adhesion during this detachment remain unclear. Here we report that Fyn, a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, regulates the detachment of neuroblasts from chains in the male and female mouse OB...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590626/dcc-mediated-dab1-phosphorylation-participates-in-the-multipolar-to-bipolar-transition-of-migrating-neurons
#4
Jian-Hua Zhang, Yi-Fei Zhao, Xiao-Xiao He, Yang Zhao, Zi-Xuan He, Lei Zhang, Ying Huang, Yu-Bing Wang, Ling Hu, Lin Liu, Hua-Li Yu, Jia-Hui Xu, Ming-Ming Lai, Dong-Dong Zhao, Lei Cui, Wei-Xiang Guo, Wen-Cheng Xiong, Yu-Qiang Ding, Xiao-Juan Zhu
Newborn neurons undergo inside-out migration to their final destinations during neocortical development. Reelin-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of disabled 1 (Dab1) is a critical mechanism controlling cortical neuron migration. However, the roles of Reelin-independent phosphorylation of Dab1 remain unclear. Here, we report that deleted in colorectal carcinoma (DCC) interacts with Dab1 via its P3 domain. Netrin 1, a DCC ligand, induces Dab1 phosphorylation at Y220 and Y232. Interestingly, knockdown of DCC or truncation of its P3 domain dramatically delays neuronal migration and impairs the multipolar-to-bipolar transition of migrating neurons...
March 27, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588394/the-phospholipase-a-2-pathway-controls-a-synaptic-cholesterol-ester-cycle-and-synapse-damage
#5
Craig Osborne, Ewan West, Clive Bate
The cellular prion protein (PrPC ) acts as a scaffold protein that organises signalling complexes. In synaptosomes, the aggregation of PrPC by amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers attracts and activates cytoplasmic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2 ) leading to synapse degeneration. The signalling platform is dependent upon cholesterol released from cholesterol esters by cholesterol ester hydrolases (CEH)s. The activation of CEHs depends upon activated cPLA2 and platelet activating factor (PAF) demonstrating a positive feedback system, activated cPLA2 increased cholesterol concentrations, which in turn facilitated cPLA2 activation...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588370/intrinsic-properties-and-plasma-membrane-trafficking-route-of-src-family-kinase-sh4-domains-sensitive-to-retargeting-by-hiv-1-nef
#6
Amanda J Chase, Rebecka Wombacher, Oliver T Fackler
The HIV-1 pathogenicity factor Nef enhances viral replication by modulating multiple host cell pathways, including tuning the activation state of infected CD4 T lymphocytes to optimize virus spread. For this, Nef inhibits anterograde transport of the Src family kinase (SFK) Lck toward the plasma membrane (PM). This leads to retargeting of the kinase to the trans-Golgi network (TGN), while the intracellular transport of a related SFK, Fyn, is unaffected by Nef. The 18 amino acid SH4 domain membrane anchor of Lck is necessary and sufficient for Nef-mediated retargeting, but other details of this process are not known...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578129/dna-methylation-and-uveal-melanoma
#7
REVIEW
Zhi-Kun Yang, Jing-Yun Yang, Zhuo-Zai Xu, Wei-Hong Yu
Objective: The objective of the study was to summarize the role of DNA methylation in the development and metastasis of uveal melanoma (UM). Data Sources: The relevant studies in MEDLINE were searched. Study Selection: In this review, we performed a comprehensive literature search in MEDLINE using "uveal melanoma" AND ("DNA methylation" OR "epigenetics") for original research/review articles published before February 2018 on the relationship between DNA methylation and UM...
April 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567799/pan-src-kinase-inhibition-blocks-b-cell-receptor-oncogenic-signaling-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#8
Elena Battistello, Natalya Katanayeva, Elie Dheilly, Daniele Tavernari, Maria C Donaldson, Luca Bonsignore, Margot Thome-Miazza, Amanda L Christie, Mark A Murakami, Olivier Michielin, Giovanni Ciriello, Vincent Zoete, Elisa Oricchio
In diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), activation of the B-cell receptor (BCR) promotes multiple oncogenic signals, which are essential for tumor proliferation. Inhibition of the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a BCR downstream target, is therapeutically effective only in a subgroup of DLBCL patients. Here, we used lymphoma cells isolated from DLBCL patients to measure the effects of targeted therapies on BCR signaling and to anticipate response. In lymphomas resistant to BTK inhibition, we show that blocking BTK activity enhanced tumor dependencies from alternative oncogenic signals downstream of the BCR, converging on MYC up-regulation...
March 22, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564678/weighted-burden-analysis-of-exome-sequenced-case-control-sample-implicates-synaptic-genes-in-schizophrenia-aetiology
#9
David Curtis, Leda Coelewij, Shou-Hwa Liu, Jack Humphrey, Richard Mott
A previous study of exome-sequenced schizophrenia cases and controls reported an excess of singleton, gene-disruptive variants among cases, concentrated in particular gene sets. The dataset included a number of subjects with a substantial Finnish contribution to ancestry. We have reanalysed the same dataset after removal of these subjects and we have also included non-singleton variants of all types using a weighted burden test which assigns higher weights to variants predicted to have a greater effect on protein function...
March 21, 2018: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562514/amyloid-%C3%AE-and-tau-in-alzheimer-s-disease-novel-pathomechanisms-and-non-pharmacological-treatment-strategies
#10
Rebecca M Nisbet, Jürgen Götz
Accumulation of the peptide amyloid-β (Aβ) and the protein tau in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains is a gradual process that involves the post-translational modification and assembly of monomeric forms into larger structures that eventually form fibrillar inclusions. This process is thought to both drive and initiate AD. However, why the axonally enriched tau in the course of AD accumulates in the somatodendritic domain is not fully understood. We discuss new data that provide a possible explanation that involves de novo protein synthesis, induced by Aβ and mediated through the kinase Fyn...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555825/tyrosine-kinase-fyn-promotes-osteoarthritis-by-activating-the-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#11
Kai Li, Yue Zhang, Yuwei Zhang, Wenqing Jiang, Junhui Shen, Song Xu, Daozhang Cai, Jie Shen, Bin Huang, Mangmang Li, Qiancheng Song, Yu Jiang, Anling Liu, Xiaochun Bai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of tyrosine kinase Fyn in the development of osteoarthritis (OA) and the underlying mechanisms, and to define whether targeting Fyn could prevent OA in mice. METHODS: Cartilage samples from normal and aged mice were analysed with proteome-wide screening. Fyn expression was examined with immunofluorescence in human and age-dependent or experimental mouse OA cartilage samples. Experimental OA in Fyn-knockout mice was induced by destabilisation of the medial meniscus...
March 19, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555592/rosmarinic-acid-attenuates-%C3%AE-amyloid-induced-oxidative-stress-via-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-fyn-mediated-nrf2-activation-in-pc12-cells
#12
Hua Rong, Yini Liang, Yingcai Niu
Oxidative stress is an important pathogenic factor in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) has emerged as a master regulator for the endogenous antioxidant response, and thus represents an attractive therapeutic target against AD. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that rosmarinic acid (RosA) attenuates amyloid-β (Aβ)-evoked oxidative stress through activating Nrf2-inducible cellular antioxidant defense system. Here, we reported that RosA attenuated Aβ-induced cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and lipid hydroperoxides (LPO)...
March 16, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555370/isg15-promotes-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-tumorigenesis-via-c-met-fyn-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#13
Hongyu Yuan, Wei Zhou, Yang Yang, Liyan Xue, Linxiu Liu, Yongmei Song
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most malignant tumors in China with a poor prognosis. Most ESCC patients were diagnosed at advanced stages, losing the opportunity for surgical excision. Hence, it remains a pressing work to identify biomarkers for early detection, prognosis prediction and targeting therapies in ESCC. Interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) encodes a 15-kDa protein, and is involved in the post-translational modification (PTMs) of multiple proteins. However, the molecular functions of ISG15 in ESCC remain unclear...
March 16, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550391/antidepressant-like-effect-of-losartan-involves-trkb-transactivation-from-angiotensin-receptor-type-2-agtr2-and-recruitment-of-fyn
#14
Cassiano R A F Diniz, Plinio C Casarotto, Senem M Fred, Caroline Biojone, Eero Castrén, Sâmia R L Joca
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is associated with peripheral fluid homeostasis and cardiovascular function, but recent evidence also suggests a functional role in the brain. RAS regulates physiological and behavioral parameters related to the stress response, including depressive symptoms. Apparently, RAS can modulate levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and TRKB, which are important in the neurobiology of depression and antidepressant action. However, the interaction between the BDNF/TRKB system and RAS in depression has not been investigated before...
March 14, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540538/a77-1726-leflunomide-blocks-and-reverses-cardiac-hypertrophy-and-fibrosis-in-mice
#15
Zhen-Guo Ma, Xin Zhang, Yu-Pei Yuan, Ya-Ge Jin, Ning Li, Chun-Yan Kong, Peng Song, Qi-Zhu Tang
T cell infiltration and the subsequently increased intracardial chronic inflammation play crucial roles in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. A77 1726, the active metabolite of leflunomide, has been reported to have powerful anti-inflammatory and T cells-inhibiting properties. However, the effect of A77 1726 on cardiac hypertrophy remains completely unknown. Herein, we found that A77 1726 treatment attenuated pressure overload or angiotensin II-induced cardiac hypertrophy in vivo, as well as agonist-induced hypertrophic response of cardiomyocytes in vitro...
March 14, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532369/muscarinic-acetylcholine-receptors-inhibit-fyn-activity-in-the-rat-striatum-in-vivo
#16
Li-Min Mao, Hunter J Faris, John Q Wang
The Src family kinase (SFK) is a subfamily of non-receptor tyrosine kinases. SFK members, Src and especially Fyn, are expressed in the striatum. These SFK members are involved in the regulation of neuronal and synaptic activities and are linked to the pathogenesis of a variety of neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. Given the fact that muscarinic acetylcholine (mACh) receptors are highly expressed in striatal neurons and are critical for the regulation of striatal function, we investigated the role of mACh receptors in the regulation of SFKs in the adult rat striatum in vivo...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528549/clinical-response-to-nabiximols-correlates-with-the-down-regulation-of-immune-pathways-in-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Melissa Sorosina, Ferdinando Clarelli, Laura Ferrè, Ana Maria Osiceanu, Nazli Tugce Unal, Elisabetta Mascia, Vittorio Martinelli, Giancarlo Comi, Fabio Benigni, Federica Esposito, Filippo Martinelli Boneschi
BACKGROUND: Nabiximols (Sativex® ) is a cannabinoid-based compound used for the treatment of moderate to severe spasticity in multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of the administration of Nabiximols on blood transcriptome profile of MS patients and to interpret it in the context of pathways and networks. METHODS: Whole-genome expression profiling was performed in whole blood of 33 MS subjects at baseline (B) and after 4 weeks (4W) of drug treatment...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520592/decrease-of-cocaine-but-not-heroin-self-administration-and-relapse-by-the-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-masitinib-in-male-sprague-dawley-rats
#18
A Belin-Rauscent, J Lacoste, O Hermine, A Moussy, B J Everitt, David Belin
RATIONALE: Accumulating evidence shows that cocaine, and also heroin, influence several tyrosine kinases, expressed in neurons and in non-neuronal populations such as microglia, astrocytes and mast-cells. Drug-induced activation of mast cells both triggers inflammatory processes in the brain mediated by the glial cells they activate, and facilitates histamine release which may directly influence the dopamine system. Thus, by triggering the activation and degranulation of mast cells dependent on the tyrosine kinase c-kit and Fyn, the latter being also involved in NMDA-dependent synaptic plasticity, cocaine and heroin may indirectly influence the neural mechanisms that mediate their reinforcing properties...
March 8, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508281/altered-intracellular-calcium-homeostasis-underlying-enhanced-glutamatergic-transmission-in-striatal-enriched-tyrosine-phosphatase-step-knockout-mice
#19
Federica Bosco, Pierluigi Valente, Marco Milanese, Alessandra Piccini, Mirko Messa, Giambattista Bonanno, Paul Lombroso, Pietro Baldelli, Fabio Benfenati, Silvia Giovedì
The striatal-enriched protein tyrosine phosphatase (STEP) is a brain-specific phosphatase involved in synaptic transmission. The current hypothesis on STEP function holds that it opposes synaptic strengthening by dephosphorylating and inactivating key neuronal proteins involved in synaptic plasticity and intracellular signaling, such as the MAP kinases ERK1/2 and p38, as well as the tyrosine kinase Fyn. Although STEP has a predominant role at the post-synaptic level, it is also expressed in nerve terminals...
March 5, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498447/common-patterns-in-chaperone-interactions-with-a-native-client
#20
Lichun He, Sebastian Hiller
Many molecular chaperones are promiscuous and interact with a wide range of unfolded, quasi-native and native client proteins. Thereby, the mechanisms how chaperones interact with the highly diverse structures of native clients remain puzzling. In this work, we investigate at the atomic level how three ATP-independent chaperones interact with the β-sheet rich protein Fyn SH3 domain. The data reveal that the chaperone Spy recognizes the locally frustrated surface of the client SH3 and that the interaction is transient and highly dynamic, leaving the chaperone-interacting surface on SH3 solvent accessible...
March 2, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
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