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SUMOylation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088449/the-role-of-sumoylation-in-ageing-and-senescent-decline
#1
REVIEW
Andrea Princz, Nektarios Tavernarakis
Posttranslational protein modifications are playing crucial roles in essential cellular mechanisms. SUMOylation is a reversible posttranslational modification of specific target proteins by the attachment of a small ubiquitin-like protein. Although the mechanism of conjugation of SUMO to proteins is analogous to ubiquitination, it requires its own, specific set of enzymes. The consequences of SUMOylation are widely variable, depending on the physiological state of the cell and the attached SUMO isoform. Accumulating recent findings have revealed a prominent role of SUMOylation in molecular pathways that govern senescence and ageing...
January 11, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078755/modulation-of-host-cell-sumoylation-facilitates-efficient-development-of-plasmodium-berghei-and-toxoplasma-gondii
#2
Mulaka Maruthi, Dipti Singh, Segireddy Rameswara Reddy, Babu S Mastan, Satish Mishra, Kota Arun Kumar
SUMOylation is a reversible post translational modification of proteins that regulates protein stabilization, nucleocytoplasmic transport and protein-protein interactions. Several viruses and bacteria modulate host SUMOylation machinery for efficient infection. Plasmodium sporozoites are infective forms of malaria parasite that infect hepatocytes and transforms into exoerythrocytic forms (EEFs). Here we show that, during EEF development, the distribution of SUMOylated proteins in host cell nuclei was significantly reduced and expression of the SUMOylation enzymes was downregulated...
January 12, 2017: Cellular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074841/the-mito-damp-cardiolipin-blocks-il-10-production-causing-persistent-inflammation-during-bacterial-pneumonia
#3
Krishnendu Chakraborty, Mahesh Raundhal, Bill B Chen, Christina Morse, Yulia Y Tyurina, Anupriya Khare, Timothy B Oriss, Rachael Huff, Janet S Lee, Claudette M St Croix, Simon Watkins, Rama K Mallampalli, Valerian E Kagan, Anuradha Ray, Prabir Ray
Bacterial pneumonia is a significant healthcare burden worldwide. Failure to resolve inflammation after infection precipitates lung injury and an increase in morbidity and mortality. Gram-negative bacteria are common in pneumonia and increased levels of the mito-damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) cardiolipin can be detected in the lungs. Here we show that mice infected with Klebsiella pneumoniae develop lung injury with accumulation of cardiolipin. Cardiolipin inhibits resolution of inflammation by suppressing production of anti-inflammatory IL-10 by lung CD11b(+)Ly6G(int)Ly6C(lo)F4/80(+) cells...
January 11, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074026/promyelocytic-leukemia-protein-pml-controls-listeria-monocytogenes-infection
#4
David Ribet, Valérie Lallemand-Breitenbach, Omar Ferhi, Marie-Anne Nahori, Hugo Varet, Hugues de Thé, Pascale Cossart
: The promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) is the main organizer of stress-responsive subnuclear structures called PML nuclear bodies. These structures recruit multiple interactors and modulate their abundance or their posttranslational modifications, notably by the SUMO ubiquitin-like modifiers. The involvement of PML in antiviral responses is well established. In contrast, the role of PML in bacterial infection remains poorly characterized. Here, we show that PML restricts infection by the pathogenic bacterium Listeria monocytogenes but not by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium...
January 10, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067170/editorial-roles-of-sumoylation-and-phosphorylation-in-normal-physiology-and-human-diseases
#5
David W Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067169/sumoylation-in-lens-differentiation-and-pathogenesi
#6
J-W Xiang, Z-G Chen, L Gong, Y Xiao, W-J Qing, L Wang, X-H Hu, Z-X Huang, R-L Qi, T-H Yang, A-P Arrigo, L Zhang, X-C Tang, S Huang, F-Y Liu, Z-W Luo, Y-F Liu, Q Sun, J Gigantelli, Y-Z Liu, D W-C Li
Sumoylation, a post-translational modification discovered over a decade ago, turns out to be a very important regulatory mechanism mediating multiple cellular processes. Recent studies from our laboratory and others also revealed that it plays a crucial role in regulating both differentiation and pathogenesis of the ocular lenses. This review will summarize these progresses.
January 9, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067168/sumoylation-in-neurological-diseases
#7
F-Y Liu, Y-F Liu, Y Yang, Z-W Luo, J-W Xiang, Z-G Chen, R-L Qi, T-H Yang, Y Xiao, W-J Qing, D W-C Li
Since the discovery of SUMOs (small ubiquitin-like modifiers) over 20 years ago, sumoylation has recently emerged as an important post-translational modification involved in almost all aspects of cellular physiology. In neurons, sumoylation dynamically modulates protein function and consequently plays an important role in neuronal maturation, synapse formation and plasticity. Thus, the dysfunction of sumoylation pathway is associated with many different neurological disorders. Hundreds of different proteins implicated in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders are SUMO-modified, indicating the importance of sumoylation involved in the neurological diseases...
January 9, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059602/sumoylation-of-klf4-promotes-il-4-induced-macrophage-m2-polarization
#8
Kezhou Wang, Wei Zhou, Qi Cai, Jinke Cheng, Rong Cai, Rong Xing
Macrophages, in response to different environmental cues, undergo the classical polarization (M1 macrophages) as well as the alternative polarization (M2 macrophages) that involve the functions of stimulus-specific transcription factors. Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), a member of a subfamily of the zinc-finger class of DNA-binding transcription factors, plays as a critical regulator of macrophage polarization. KLF4 has been reported as a SUMOylated protein. In this study, we showed that SUMOylation of KLF4, is induced by IL-4 treatment in macrophages...
January 6, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057267/the-remarkably-diverse-family-of-t-box-factors-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#9
P G Okkema
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is a simple metazoan animal that is widely used as a model to understand the genetic control of development. The completely sequenced C. elegans genome contains 22 T-box genes, and they encode factors that show remarkable diversity in sequence, DNA-binding specificity, and function. Only three of the C. elegans T-box factors can be grouped into the conserved subfamilies found in other organisms, while the remaining factors are significantly diverged and unlike those in most other animals...
2017: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055018/sumoylation-deficient-prdx6-gains-protective-function-by-amplifying-enzymatic-activity-and-stability-and-escapes-oxidative-stress-induced-aberrant-sumoylation
#10
Bhavana Chhunchha, Eri Kubo, Nigar Fatma, Dhirendra P Singh
Aberrant Sumoylation of protein(s) in response to oxidative stress or during aging is known to be involved in etiopathogenesis of many diseases. Upon oxidative stress, Peroxiredoxin (Prdx) 6 is aberrantly Sumoylated by Sumo1, resulting in loss of functions and cell death. We identified lysines (K) 122 and 142 as the major Sumo1 conjugation sites in Prdx6. Intriguingly, the mutant Prdx6 K122/142 R (arginine) gained protective efficacy, increasing in abundance and promoting glutathione (GSH) peroxidase and acidic calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (aiPLA2) activities...
January 5, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052564/regulation-of-the-mammalian-heat-shock-factor-1
#11
REVIEW
Sharadha Dayalan Naidu, Albena T Dinkova-Kostova
Living organisms are endowed with the capability to tackle various forms of cellular stress due to the presence of molecular chaperone machinery complexes that are ubiquitous throughout the cell. During conditions of proteotoxic stress, the transcription factor heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) mediates the elevation of heat shock proteins, which are crucial components of the chaperone complex machinery and function to ameliorate protein misfolding and aggregation and restore protein homeostasis. In addition, HSF1 orchestrates a versatile transcriptional program that includes genes involved in repair and clearance of damaged macromolecules and maintenance of cell structure and metabolism, and provides protection against a broad range of cellular stress mediators, beyond heat shock...
January 4, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039525/flow-signaling-and-atherosclerosis
#12
REVIEW
Nhat-Tu Le, Uday G Sandhu, Raymundo A Quintana-Quezada, Nguyet Minh Hoang, Keigi Fujiwara, Jun-Ichi Abe
Atherosclerosis rarely develops in the region of arteries exposed to undisturbed flow (u-flow, unidirectional flow). Instead, atherogenesis occurs in the area exposed to disturbed flow (d-flow, multidirectional flow). Based on these general pathohistological observations, u-flow is considered to be athero-protective, while d-flow is atherogenic. The fact that u-flow and d-flow induce such clearly different biological responses in the wall of large arteries indicates that these two types of flow activate each distinct intracellular signaling cascade in vascular endothelial cells (ECs), which are directly exposed to blood flow...
December 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032866/e2-25k-sumoylation-inhibits-proteasome-for-cell-death-during-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion
#13
Eun Il Jeong, Hae Won Chung, Won Jea Lee, Seo-Hyun Kim, Hyunjoo Kim, Seon-Guk Choi, Yong-Keun Jung
Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) causes brain damage accompanied by ubiquitin accumulation and impairment of proteasome activity. In this study, we report that E2-25K, an E2-conjugating enzyme, is SUMOylated during oxidative stress and regulates cerebral I/R-induced damage. Knockdown of E2-25K expression protects against oxygen/glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced neuronal cell death, whereas ectopic expression of E2-25K stimulates it. Compared with the control mice, cerebral infarction lesions and behavioral/neurological disorders are ameliorated in E2-25K knockout mice during middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion...
December 29, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032645/arabidopsis-b-cell-lymphoma2-bcl-2-associated-athanogene-7-bag7-mediated-heat-tolerance-requires-translocation-sumoylation-and-binding-to-wrky29
#14
Yurong Li, Brett Williams, Martin Dickman
To cope with stress and increased accumulation of misfolded proteins, plants and animals use a survival pathway known as the unfolded protein response (UPR) that signals between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the nucleus to maintain cell homeostasis via proper folding of proteins. B-cell lymphoma2 (Bcl-2)-associated athanogene (BAG) proteins are an evolutionarily conserved family of co-chaperones that are linked to disease states in mammals and responses to environmental stimuli (biotic and abiotic) in plants...
December 29, 2016: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029095/sumoylation-of-nav1-2-channels-mediates-the-early-response-to-acute-hypoxia-in-central-neurons
#15
Leigh D Plant, Jeremy D Marks, Steven An Goldstein
The mechanism for the earliest response of central neurons to hypoxia-an increase in voltage-gated sodium current (INa)-has been unknown. Here, we show that hypoxia activates the Small Ubiquitin-like Modifier (SUMO) pathway in rat cerebellar granule neurons (CGN) and that SUMOylation of NaV1.2 channels increases INa. The time-course for SUMOylation of single NaV1.2 channels at the cell surface and changes in INa coincide, and both are prevented by mutation of NaV1.2-Lys38 or application of a deSUMOylating enzyme...
December 28, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018412/the-role-and-regulation-of-abi5-aba-insensitive-5-in-plant-development-abiotic-stress-responses-and-phytohormone-crosstalk
#16
REVIEW
Anna Skubacz, Agata Daszkowska-Golec, Iwona Szarejko
ABA Insensitive 5 (ABI5) is a basic leucine zipper transcription factor that plays a key role in the regulation of seed germination and early seedling growth in the presence of ABA and abiotic stresses. ABI5 functions in the core ABA signaling, which is composed of PYR/PYL/RCAR receptors, PP2C phosphatases and SnRK2 kinases, through the regulation of the expression of genes that contain the ABSCISIC ACID RESPONSE ELEMENT (ABRE) motif within their promoter region. The regulated targets include stress adaptation genes, e...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017139/sumoylation-in-cellular-senescence-and-aging
#17
L Gong, Q Sun, D W-C Li
Sumoylation is a reversible post-translational modification that conjugates small peptide SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier) to a target protein. Global protein sumoylation and expression of components in sumoylation pathway were recently found to be altered in the process of organismal aging. In addition, key factors controlling cellular senescence are known to be sumoylated. This review will summarize current information on the function of sumoylation in cellular senescence and aging.
December 22, 2016: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017138/sumoylation-pathway-as-potential-therapeutic-targets-in-cancer
#18
L Gong, R Qi, D W-C Li
Sumoylation is a covalent protein posttranslational modification that conjugates the small ubiquitin-like peptide SUMO to substrate. Sumoylation is critically implicated in multiple biological processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, senescence and apoptosis, etc. Therefore, it is not surprising that dysregulation of sumoylation has been implicated in tumorigenesis and different types of cancer were found to be addicted to functional sumoylation pathway. The potential role for sumoylation as a therapeutic target in caner is emerging...
December 22, 2016: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017137/effects-of-crosstalk-between-sumoylation-and-phosphorylation-in-normal-cellular-physiology-and-human-diseases
#19
Q Nie, X-D Gong, M Liu, D W-C Li
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) such as phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation, ubiquitylation, sumoylation are important mechanisms to regulate the functions of different proteins. Among various PTMs, phosphorylation, discovered about 60 years ago, is probably the most common modification. In contrast, sumoylation, identified about two decades is emerging as a key regulatory mechanism modulating protein functions. Although studies on protein phosphorylation and sumoylation have been extensively reviewed, much less attention has been paid to their cross-talk and their co-regulation of the same protein target...
December 22, 2016: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017136/regulation-of-creb-functions-by-phosphorylation-and-sumoylation-in-nervous-and-visual-systems
#20
L Wang, X-H Hu, Z-X Huang, Q Nie, Z-G Chen, J-W Xiang, R-L Qi, T-H Yang, Y Xiao, W-J Qing, G Gigantelli, Q D Nguyen, D W-C Li
CREB is a ubiquitous transcription factor regulating diverse cellular responses. Its phosphorylation at S133 is an essential event for its activation in both nervous and visual systems. The activated CREB is implicated in the regulation of development, protection, learning, memory and plasticity in the nerve system. Moreover, sumoylation, an important post-translational modification of protein, plays a key role in sustaining CREB activation in the rat hippocampus in order to enhance the long-term memory and other aspects...
December 23, 2016: Current Molecular Medicine
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