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Frank Porreca

Sara M Hall, Lindsay LeBaron, Cyf Ramos-Colon, Chaoling Qu, Jennifer Yanhua Xie, Frank Porreca, Josephine Lai, Yeon Sun Lee, Victor J Hruby
Dynorphin A (Dyn A) is a unique endogenous ligand that possesses well-known neuroinhibitory effects via opioid receptors with a preference for the kappa receptor but also neuroexcitatory effects, which cause hyperalgesia. We have shown that the neuroexcitatory effects are mediated through bradykinin (BK) receptors and that intrathecal ( administration of our lead ligand 1, [des-Arg(7)]-Dyn A-(4-11), which shows good binding affinity (IC50 = 150 nM) at the BK receptors, blocks Dyn A-induced hyperalgesia in naïve animals and reverses thermal and tactile hypersensitivities in a dose-dependent manner in nerve-injured animals...
September 27, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Alec Okun, David L McKinzie, Jeffrey M Witkin, Bethany Remeniuk, Omar Husein, Scott D Gleason, Janice Oyarzo, Edita Navratilova, Brian McElroy, Stephen Cowen, Jeffrey D Kennedy, Frank Porreca
Rewards influence responses to acute painful stimuli, but the relationship of chronic pain to hedonic or motivational aspects of reward is not well understood. Here, we independently evaluated hedonic qualities of sweet or bitter tastants as well as motivation to seek food reward in rats with experimental neuropathic pain induced by L5/6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL). Hedonic response was measured by implantation of intraoral catheters to allow passive delivery of liquid solutions and "liking/disliking" responses were scored according to a facial reactivity scale...
August 19, 2016: Pain
Jennifer Y Xie, Lindsey A Chew, Xiaofang Yang, Yuying Wang, Chaoling Qu, Yue Wang, Lauren M Federici, Stephanie D Fitz, Matthew S Ripsch, Michael R Due, Aubin Moutal, May Khanna, Fletcher A White, Todd W Vanderah, Philip L Johnson, Frank Porreca, Rajesh Khanna
Uncoupling the protein-protein interaction between collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2) and N-type voltage-gated calcium channel (CaV2.2) with an allosteric CRMP2-derived peptide (CBD3) is antinociceptive in rodent models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. We investigated the efficacy, duration of action, abuse potential, and neurobehavioral toxicity of an improved mutant CRMP2 peptide. A homopolyarginine (R9)-conjugated CBD3-A6K (R9-CBD3-A6K) peptide inhibited the CaV2.2-CRMP2 interaction in a concentration-dependent fashion and diminished surface expression of CaV2...
September 2016: Pain
Caroline Machado Kopruszinski, Jennifer Yanhua Xie, Nathan Mackenzie Eyde, Bethany Remeniuk, Sarah Walter, Jennifer Stratton, Marcelo Bigal, Juliana Geremias Chichorro, David Dodick, Frank Porreca
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was the determination of the role of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the induction of medication overuse headache (MOH)-related migraine in an injury-free preclinical model. METHODS: Rats were primed by a 7-day period of exposure to acute migraine therapies including sumatriptan and morphine. After an additional 14-day drug-free period, rats were exposed to putative migraine triggers including bright light stress (BLS) or nitric oxide (NO) donor in the presence or absence of TEV48125, a fully humanized CGRP antibody...
May 19, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Suzuro Hitomi, Konrad Kross, Masayuki Kurose, Frank Porreca, Ian D Meng
AIMS: Overuse of medications used to treat migraine headache can increase the frequency of headaches. Sudden abstinence from migraine medication can also lead to a period of withdrawal-induced headaches. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of morphine withdrawal localized to the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) on the activity of dura-sensitive spinal trigeminal nucleus caudalis (Vc) neurons. METHODS: Rats were implanted with either morphine or placebo pellets for six to seven days before the microinjection of naloxone methiodide or phosphate-buffered saline into the RVM in urethane-anesthetized animals...
May 6, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Aubin Moutal, Lindsey A Chew, Xiaofang Yang, Yue Wang, Seul Ki Yeon, Edwin Telemi, Seeneen Meroueh, Ki Duk Park, Raghuraman Shrinivasan, Kerry B Gilbraith, Chaoling Qu, Jennifer Y Xie, Amol Patwardhan, Todd W Vanderah, May Khanna, Frank Porreca, Rajesh Khanna
Chronic pain affects the life of millions of people. Current treatments have deleterious side effects. We have advanced a strategy for targeting protein interactions which regulate the N-type voltage-gated calcium (CaV2.2) channel as an alternative to direct channel block. Peptides uncoupling CaV2.2 interactions with the axonal collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2) were antinociceptive without effects on memory, depression, and reward/addiction. A search for small molecules that could recapitulate uncoupling of the CaV2...
July 2016: Pain
Edita Navratilova, Kozo Morimura, Jennifer Y Xie, Christopher W Atcherley, Michael H Ossipov, Frank Porreca
Chronic pain is an important public health problem that negatively impacts the quality of life of affected individuals and exacts enormous socioeconomic costs. Chronic pain is often accompanied by comorbid emotional disorders including anxiety, depression, and possibly anhedonia. The neural circuits underlying the intersection of pain and pleasure are not well understood. We summarize recent human and animal investigations and demonstrate that aversive aspects of pain are encoded in brain regions overlapping with areas processing reward and motivation...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Nick A Andrews, Alban Latrémolière, Allan I Basbaum, Jeffrey S Mogil, Frank Porreca, Andrew S C Rice, Clifford J Woolf, Gillian L Currie, Robert H Dworkin, James C Eisenach, Scott Evans, Jennifer S Gewandter, Tony D Gover, Hermann Handwerker, Wenlong Huang, Smriti Iyengar, Mark P Jensen, Jeffrey D Kennedy, Nancy Lee, Jon Levine, Katie Lidster, Ian Machin, Michael P McDermott, Stephen B McMahon, Theodore J Price, Sarah E Ross, Grégory Scherrer, Rebecca P Seal, Emily S Sena, Elizabeth Silva, Laura Stone, Camilla I Svensson, Dennis C Turk, Garth Whiteside
There is growing concern about lack of scientific rigor and transparent reporting across many preclinical fields of biological research. Poor experimental design and lack of transparent reporting can result in conscious or unconscious experimental bias, producing results that are not replicable. The Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks (ACTTION) public-private partnership with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration sponsored a consensus meeting of the Preclinical Pain Research Consortium for Investigating Safety and Efficacy (PPRECISE) Working Group...
April 2016: Pain
Edita Navratilova, Christopher W Atcherley, Frank Porreca
Relief from pain in humans is rewarding and pleasurable. Primary rewards, or reward-predictive cues, are encoded in brain reward/motivational circuits. While considerable advances have been made in our understanding of reward circuits underlying positive reinforcement, less is known about the circuits underlying the hedonic and reinforcing actions of pain relief. We review findings from electrophysiological, neuroimaging, and behavioral studies supporting the concept that the rewarding effect of pain relief requires opioid signaling in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), activation of midbrain dopamine neurons, and the release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens (NAc)...
November 2015: Trends in Neurosciences
Marcello Di Nisio, Frank Peinemann, Ettore Porreca, Anne W S Rutjes
BACKGROUND: Although superficial thrombophlebitis of the upper extremity represents a frequent complication of intravenous catheters inserted into the peripheral veins of the forearm or hand, no consensus exists on the optimal management of this condition in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence from randomised clinical trials (RCTs) concerning the efficacy and safety of (topical, oral or parenteral) medical therapy of superficial thrombophlebitis of the upper extremity...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
L Becerra, J Bishop, G Barmettler, Y Xie, E Navratilova, F Porreca, D Borsook
A number of drugs, including triptans, promote migraine chronification in susceptible individuals. In rats, a period of triptan administration over 7 days can produce "latent sensitization" (14 days after discontinuation of drug) demonstrated as enhanced sensitivity to presumed migraine triggers such as environmental stress and lowered threshold for electrically induced cortical spreading depression (CSD). Here we have used fMRI to evaluate the early changes in brain networks at day 7 of sumatriptan administration that may induce latent sensitization as well as the potential response to stress...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
Aswini Kumar Giri, Christopher R Apostol, Yue Wang, Brittany L Forte, Tally M Largent-Milnes, Peg Davis, David Rankin, Gabriella Molnar, Keith M Olson, Frank Porreca, Todd W Vanderah, Victor J Hruby
Multifunctional ligands with agonist bioactivities at μ/δ opioid receptors (MOR/DOR) and antagonist bioactivity at the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) have been designed and synthesized. These peptide-based ligands are anticipated to produce better biological profiles (e.g., higher analgesic effect with significantly less adverse side effects) compared to those of existing drugs and to deliver better synergistic effects than coadministration of a mixture of multiple drugs. A systematic structure-activity relationship (SAR) study has been conducted to find multifunctional ligands with desired activities at three receptors...
November 12, 2015: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Ichiro Harasawa, Joshua P Johansen, Howard L Fields, Frank Porreca, Ian D Meng
The rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) exerts both inhibitory and excitatory controls over nociceptive neurons in the spinal cord and medullary dorsal horn. Selective ablation of mu-opioid receptor (MOR)-expressing neurons in the RVM using saporin conjugated to the MOR agonist dermorphin-saporin (derm-sap) attenuates stress and injury-induced behavioral hypersensitivity, yet the effect of RVM derm-sap on the functional integrity of the descending inhibitory system and the properties of RVM neurons remain unknown...
January 2016: Pain
Srinivas Deekonda, Lauren Wugalter, David Rankin, Tally M Largent-Milnes, Peg Davis, Yue Wang, Neemah M Bassirirad, Josephine Lai, Vinod Kulkarni, Todd W Vanderah, Frank Porreca, Victor J Hruby
We describe the design and synthesis of novel bivalent ligands based on the conjugation of 4-anilidopiperidine derivatives with enkephalin analogues. The design of non-peptide analogues is explored with 5-amino substituted (tetrahydronaphthalen-2yl) methyl containing 4-anilidopiperidine derivatives, while non-peptide-peptide ligands are explored by conjugating the C-terminus of enkephalin analogues (H-Xxx-DAla-Gly-Phe-OH) to the amino group of 4-anilidopiperidine small molecule derivatives with and without a linker...
October 15, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Srinivas Deekonda, David Rankin, Peg Davis, Josephine Lai, Frank Porreca, Victor J Hruby
We report here the design and synthesis of novel multifunctional ligands that act as (μ/δ) opioid agonists and bradykinin 2 receptor antagonists. These multifunctional ligands were designed to interact with the multiple receptors to show an enhanced analgesic effect, with no opioid-induced tolerance. We designed our multifunctional ligands based on the well-known second generation bradykinin 2 receptor antagonist Hoe 140 (DArg-Arg-Pro-Hyp-Gly-Thi-Ser-DTic-Oic-Arg-OH) and the opioid enkephalin analogues Tyr-DAla-Phe, Tyr-DAla-Gly-Phe and Tyr-Pro-Phe...
October 1, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Srinivas Deekonda, Lauren Wugalter, Vinod Kulkarni, David Rankin, Tally M Largent-Milnes, Peg Davis, Neemah M Bassirirad, Josephine Lai, Todd W Vanderah, Frank Porreca, Victor J Hruby
A new series of novel opioid ligands have been designed and synthesized based on the 4-anilidopiperidine scaffold containing a 5-substituted tetrahydronaphthalen-2yl)methyl group with different N-phenyl-N-(piperidin-4-yl)propionamide derivatives to study the biological effects of these substituents on μ and δ opioid receptor interactions. Recently our group reported novel 4-anilidopiperidine analogues, in which several aromatic ring-contained amino acids were conjugated with N-phenyl-N-(piperidin-4-yl)propionamide and examined their biological activities at the μ and δ opioid receptors...
September 15, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Yeon Sun Lee, Sara M Hall, Cyf Ramos-Colon, Michael Remesic, David Rankin, Todd W Vanderah, Frank Porreca, Josephine Lai, Victor J Hruby
Dynorphin A (Dyn A) is an endogenous opioid ligand that possesses neuroinhibitory (antinociceptive) effects via μ, δ, and κ opioid receptors. However, under chronic pain conditions, up-regulated spinal Dyn A can also interact with bradykinin receptors (BRs) to promote hyperalgesia through a neuroexcitatory(pronociceptive) effect. These excitatory effects cannot be blocked by an opioid antagonist, and thus are non-opioid in nature. On the basis of the structural dissimilarity between Dyn A and endogenous BR ligands, bradykinin(BK) and kallidin (KD), Dyn A's interaction with BRs could not be predicted, and provided an opportunity to identify a novel potential neuroexcitatory target...
2015: Receptors & Clinical Investigation
Padma Nair, Takashi Yamamoto, Scott Cowell, Vinod Kulkarni, Sharif Moye, Edita Navratilova, Peg Davis, Shou-Wu Ma, Todd W Vanderah, Josephine Lai, Frank Porreca, Victor J Hruby
Several bifunctional peptides were synthesized and characterized based on the pentapeptide-derived ligand NP30 (1: Tyr-DAla-Gly-Phe-Gly-Trp-O-[3',5'-Bzl(CF3)2]). Modification and truncation of amino acid residues were performed, and the tripeptide-derived ligand NP66 (11: Dmt-DAla-Trp-NH-[3',5'-(CF3)2-Bzl]) was obtained based on the overlapping pharmacophore concept. The Trp(3) residue of ligand 11 works as a message residue for both opioid and NK1 activities. The significance lies in the observation that the approach of appropriate truncation of peptide sequence could lead to a tripeptide-derived chimeric ligand with effective binding and functional activities for both mu and delta opioid and NK1 receptors with agonist activities at mu and delta opioid and antagonist activity at NK1 receptors, respectively...
September 1, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Marcello Di Nisio, Frank Peinemann, Ettore Porreca, Anne W S Rutjes
BACKGROUND: Cardiac and thoracic surgery are associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The safety and efficacy of primary thromboprophylaxis in patients undergoing these types of surgery is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of primary thromboprophylaxis on the incidence of symptomatic VTE and major bleeding in patients undergoing cardiac or thoracic surgery. SEARCH METHODS: The Cochrane Peripheral Vascular Diseases Group Trials Search Co-ordinator searched the Specialised Register (last searched May 2014) and CENTRAL (2014, Issue 4)...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bethany Remeniuk, Devki Sukhtankar, Alec Okun, Edita Navratilova, Jennifer Y Xie, Tamara King, Frank Porreca
Cancer-induced bone pain is described as dull, aching ongoing pain. Ongoing bone cancer pain was characterized after intratibial injection of breast cancer cells in rats. Cancer produced time-dependent bone remodeling and tactile hypersensitivity but no spontaneous flinching. Conditioned place preference (CPP) and enhanced dopamine (DA) release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) shell was observed after peripheral nerve block (PNB) selectively in tumor-bearing rats revealing nociceptive-driven ongoing pain. Oral diclofenac reversed tumor-induced tactile hypersensitivity but did not block PNB-induced CPP or NAc DA release...
October 2015: Pain
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