Read by QxMD icon Read


Stefan Erb, Reno Frei, Marc Dangel, Andreas F Widmer
BACKGROUND Infections and colonization with multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) identified >48 hours after hospital admission are considered healthcare-acquired according to the definition of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Some may originate from delayed diagnosis rather than true acquisition in the hospital, potentially diluting the impact of infection control programs. In addition, such infections are not necessarily reimbursed in a healthcare system based on the diagnosis-related groups (DRGs)...
October 17, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Sydney K Vaughan, Olivia L Stanley, Gregorio Valdez
The impact of aging on proprioceptive sensory neurons and intrafusal muscle fibers (IMFs) remains largely unexplored despite the central function these cells play in modulating voluntary movements. Here, we show that proprioceptive sensory neurons undergo deleterious morphological changes in middle age (11- to 13-month-old) and old (15- to 21-month-old) mice. In the extensor digitorum longus and soleus muscles of middle age and old mice, there is a significant increase in the number of Ia afferents with large swellings that fail to properly wrap around IMFs compared with young adult (2- to 4-month-old) mice...
September 29, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
X F Wang, H Y Zhao, Y H Feng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Fei Wang, Hongfei Xiang, Gregory Fischer, Zhen Liu, Matthew J Dupont, Quinn H Hogan, Hongwei Yu
In dorsal root ganglia (DRG), satellite glial cells (SGCs) tightly ensheathe the somata of primary sensory neurons to form functional sensory units. SGCs are identified by their flattened and irregular morphology and expression of a variety of specific marker proteins. In this report, we present evidence that the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase isoenzymes 1 and 2 (HMGCS1 and HMGCS2) are abundantly expressed in SGCs. Immunolabeling with the validated antibodies revealed that both HMGCS1 and HMGCS2 are highly colabeled with a selection of SGC markers, including GS, GFAP, Kir4...
September 23, 2016: Brain Research
Hai-Li Pan, Ben-Long Liu, Wei Lin, Yu-Qiu Zhang
Given that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and the tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channel Nav1.8 are both involved in bone cancer pain, the present study was designed to investigate whether crosstalk between the LPA receptor LPA1 (also known as EDG2) and Nav1.8 in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) contributes to the induction of bone cancer pain. We showed that the EDG2 antagonist Ki16198 blocked the mechanical allodynia induced by intrathecal LPA in naïve rats and attenuated mechanical allodynia in a rat model of bone cancer...
October 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
Shuli Brammli-Greenberg, Ruth Waitzberg, Vadim Perman, Ronni Gamzu
Historically, Israel paid its non-profit hospitals on a perdiem (PD) basis. Recently, like other OECD countries, Israel has moved to activity-based payments. While most countries have adopted a diagnostic related group (DRG) payment system, Israel has chosen a Procedure-Related Group (PRG) system. This differs from the DRG system because it classifies patients by procedure rather than diagnosis. In Israel, the PRG system was found to be more feasible given the lack of data and information needed in the DRG classification system...
September 1, 2016: Health Policy
Andreas M Kist, Dagrun Sagafos, Anthony M Rush, Cristian Neacsu, Esther Eberhardt, Roland Schmidt, Lars Kristian Lunden, Kristin Ørstavik, Luisa Kaluza, Jannis Meents, Zhiping Zhang, Thomas Hedley Carr, Hugh Salter, David Malinowsky, Patrik Wollberg, Johannes Krupp, Inge Petter Kleggetveit, Martin Schmelz, Ellen Jørum, Angelika Lampert, Barbara Namer
Gain-of-function mutations in the tetrodotoxin (TTX) sensitive voltage-gated sodium channel (Nav) Nav1.7 have been identified as a key mechanism underlying chronic pain in inherited erythromelalgia. Mutations in TTX resistant channels, such as Nav1.8 or Nav1.9, were recently connected with inherited chronic pain syndromes. Here, we investigated the effects of the p.M650K mutation in Nav1.8 in a 53 year old patient with erythromelalgia by microneurography and patch-clamp techniques. Recordings of the patient's peripheral nerve fibers showed increased activity dependent slowing (ADS) in CMi and less spontaneous firing compared to a control group of erythromelalgia patients without Nav mutations...
2016: PloS One
Roy Yuen-Chi Lau, Xing Qian, Kai-Ting Po, Lu-Ming Li, Xia Guo
PURPOSE: Immobilization of weight bearing skeletons or microgravity results in disuse osteoporosis in both human and animals. Our previous study demonstrated that electrical stimulation at the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) with an implantable micro-electrical stimulation system (IMESS) could trigger secretion of bone anabolic calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and prevent bone loss in a short-term hindlimb unloading rat model. This study was designed to further investigate whether electrical stimulation to the DRG could prevent bone loss due to prolonged unloading...
August 31, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Si-Fang Lin, Xiao-Lu Yu, Xiao-Ya Liu, Bing Wang, Cheng-Hui Li, Yan-Gang Sun, Xing-Jun Liu
Substantial evidence indicates that T-type Cav3.2 channel and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) contribute to pain hypersensitivity within primary sensory nerves. A recent study suggested that activation of IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) could increase Cav3.2 channel currents and further contribute to inflammatory pain sensitivity. However, the expression patterns of Cav3.2 and IGF-1R and their colocalization in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in chronic neuropathic pain condition remain unknown. In this study, we explored expression patterns of Cav3...
October 19, 2016: Neuroreport
Hans Olav Melberg, Camilla Beck Olsen, Kine Pedersen
It has been argued that activity based payment systems make hospitals focus on the diagnostic groups that are most beneficial given costs and reimbursement rates. This article tests this hypothesis by exploring the relationship between changes in the reimbursement rates and changes in the number of registered treatment episodes for all diagnosis-related groups in Norway between 2006 and 2013. The number of treatment episodes can be affected by many factors and in order to isolate the effect of changes in the reimbursement system, we exclude DRGs affected by policy reforms and administrative changes...
September 2016: Health Policy
Kazuhide Inage, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Takane Suzuki, Miyako Suzuki, Yoshihiro Sakuma, Go Kubota, Yasuhiro Oikawa, Takeshi Sainoh, Jun Sato, Kazuki Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Shiga, Koki Abe, Hirohito Kanamoto, Masahiro Inoue, Hideyuki Kinoshita, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental animal study. PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the optimal dose of a single direct injection of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitor, etanercept, by using the rat model of degenerative intervertebral disc from injury. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The pain-related peptide expression was suppressed in the etanercept (100 µg and 1,000 µg)-administered groups in a dose-dependent manner. METHODS: The neurotracer FluoroGold (FG) was applied to the surfaces of L4/5 discs to label their innervating dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons (n=50)...
August 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Louay Shelf
This research used DRGs and CMI to adjust medical waste production through the calculation of DRGs and CMI scores. These scores were used to assess the performances of teaching hospitals in Damascus. The linear correlations between these scores and the annual amount of waste and DRGs values were studied. The differences between the daily waste generations before and after the adjustment process were determined. Accordingly, the highest values of DRGs and CMI Scores were for the pediatric and Al Assad hospitals respectively...
May 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
O Lotter, S Hoefert, M Micheel, P Gonser, H-E Schaller, J Rothenberger
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG) were introduced in Germany as a medico-economic classification system in 2004. In this analysis, we looked at restorative surgery after massive weight loss, focusing on reimbursement of this fee-per-case system in comparison to costs to deduce possible effects on health care over time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: First we analysed the algorithms for the relevant DRGs including data about length of stay and reimbursement. Furthermore, we integrated cost data from German reference hospitals of the last 5 years as well as single-centre data from a university hospital...
August 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
Rudolf M Moos, Kai Sprengel, Kai Oliver Jensen, Thorsten Jentzsch, Hans-Peter Simmen, Burkhardt Seifert, Bernhard Ciritsis, Valentin Neuhaus, Jörk Volbracht, Tarun Mehra
QUESTIONS: Treatment of patients with severe injuries is costly, with best results achieved in specialised care centres. However, diagnosis-related group (DRG)-based prospective payment systems have difficulties in depicting treatment costs for specialised care. We analysed reimbursement of care for severe trauma in the first 3 years after the introduction of the Swiss DRG reimbursement system (2012-2014). MATERIAL/METHODS: The study included all patients with solely basic insurance, hospital admission after 01...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
Małgorzata Rajtar
Resulting from health care reform in Germany that was implemented in 2003-2004, a new medical classification system called the "Diagnosis Related Groups" (DRGs) was introduced in hospitals. According to the media, social scientists, and a few physicians interviewed in this study the policy negatively transformed the German health care system by allowing the privatization of the hospital sector consistent with the neoliberal health care model. Allegedly, this privileged economic values over the quality of health care and introduced competition between hospitals...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Richard Snow, Karen Vogel, Bruce Vanderhoff, Benjamin P Kelch, Frank D Ferris
BACKGROUND: Current methods for identifying patients at risk of dying within six months suffer from clinician biases resulting in underestimation of this risk. As a result, patients who are potentially eligible for hospice and palliative care services frequently do not benefit from these services until they are very close to the end of their lives. OBJECTIVE: To develop a prospective prognostic indicator based on actual survival within Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) claims data that identifies patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) who are at risk of six-month mortality...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Wenrui Xie, Sisi Chen, Judith A Strong, Ai-Ling Li, Ian P Lewkowich, Jun-Ming Zhang
UNLABELLED: Some forms of chronic pain are maintained or enhanced by activity in the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), but attempts to model this have yielded conflicting findings. The SNS has both pro- and anti-inflammatory effects on immunity, confounding the interpretation of experiments using global sympathectomy methods. We performed a "microsympathectomy" by cutting the ipsilateral gray rami where they entered the spinal nerves near the L4 and L5 DRG. This led to profound sustained reductions in pain behaviors induced by local DRG inflammation (a rat model of low back pain) and by a peripheral paw inflammation model...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Isabella Salzer, Enkhbileg Gantumur, Arsalan Yousuf, Stefan Boehm
Serotonin (5HT) is a constituent of the so-called "inflammatory soup" that sensitizes nociceptors during inflammation. Nevertheless, receptors and signaling mechanisms that mediate an excitation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons by 5HT remained controversial. Therefore, capsaicin-sensitive nociceptive neurons dissociated from rat DRGs were used to investigate effects of 5HT on membrane excitability and currents through ligand- as well as voltage-gated ion channels. In 58% of the neurons tested, 5HT increased action potential firing, an effect that was abolished by the 5HT2 receptor antagonist ritanserin, but not by the 5HT3 antagonist tropisetron...
November 2016: Neuropharmacology
Wei Gao, Yan Zan, Zai-Jie Jim Wang, Xiao-Yu Hu, Fang Huang
AIM: Severe painful sensory neuropathy often occurs during paclitaxel chemotherapy. Since paclitaxel can activate mast cell and basophils, whereas quercetin, a polyphenolic flavonoid contained in various plants, which can specifically inhibit histamine release as a mast cell stabilizer. In this study we explore whether quercetin could ameliorate paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain and elucidated the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Quercetin inhibition on histamine release was validated in vitro by detecting histamine release from rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells stimulated with paclitaxel (10 μmol/L)...
September 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Tata Chanturidze, Mike Esau, Simon Hölzer, Erica Richardson
In 2012, Kazakhstan introduced Diagnosis-Related Groups (DRGs), as part of a package of reforms which sought to contain costs and to improve efficiency and transparency in the health system; but the main challenge was to design and implement a DRG system in just one year. In 2011-2012, Kazakhstan developed its own DRG system. Initially 180 DRGs were defined to group inpatient cases but this number was subsequently expanded to more than 400. Because of time limits, the cost weights had to be derived in the absence of existing standard hospital cost accounting systems, and a national patient data transfer system also needed developing...
September 2016: Health Policy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"