keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

baclofen

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330080/use-of-a-pulsed-radiofrequency-energy-device-peak-plasmablade%C3%A2-in-neuromodulation-implant-revisions
#1
I Ughratdar, K A Kawsar, R Mitchell, R Selway, K Ashkan
BACKGROUND: Battery replacement or revision surgery for neuromodulation implants is conventionally performed using sharp dissection. Meticulous dissection within thick scar tissue is vital to avoid damage to surrounding lead(s) which could result in more extensive revision surgery. Traditional electrosurgery devices are contraindicated as the emitted energy can be transferred to the hardware resulting in implant or tissue damage with severe consequent complications. OBJECTIVE: We report our experience and potential applications of a novel, pulsed monopolar radiofrequency energy device (PEAK PlasmaBlade™, Medtronic plc) which facilitates dissection around implants without the risk of damaging or transmitting energy through the system...
January 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326296/intrathecal-baclofen-therapy-versus-conventional-medical-management-for-severe-poststroke-spasticity-results-from-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-open-label-trial-sisters
#2
Michael Creamer, Geoffrey Cloud, Peter Kossmehl, Michael Yochelson, Gerard E Francisco, Anthony B Ward, Jörg Wissel, Mauro Zampolini, Abdallah Abouihia, Nathalie Berthuy, Alessandra Calabrese, Meghann Loven, Leopold Saltuari
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) is a treatment option for patients with severe poststroke spasticity (PSS) who have not reached their therapy goal with other interventions. METHODS: 'Spasticity In Stroke-Randomised Study' (SISTERS) was a randomised, controlled, open-label, multicentre phase IV study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ITB therapy versus conventional medical management (CMM) with oral antispastic medications for treatment of PSS. Patients with chronic stroke with spasticity in ≥2 extremities and an Ashworth Scale (AS) score ≥3 in at least two affected muscle groups in the lower extremities (LE) were randomised (1:1) to ITB or CMM...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319155/economic-evaluation-and-cost-of-interventions-for-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Sophy T F Shih, Utsana Tonmukayakul, Christine Imms, Dinah Reddihough, H Kerr Graham, Liz Cox, Rob Carter
AIM: Economic appraisal can help guide policy-making for purchasing decisions, and treatment and management algorithms for health interventions. We conducted a systematic review of economic studies in cerebral palsy (CP) to inform future research. METHOD: Economic studies published since 1970 were identified from seven databases. Two reviewers independently screened abstracts and extracted data following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
January 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317600/altered-avalanche-dynamics-in-a-developmental-nmdar-hypofunction-model-of-cognitive-impairment
#4
Saurav Seshadri, Andreas Klaus, Daniel E Winkowski, Patrick O Kanold, Dietmar Plenz
Disturbed activity patterns in cortical networks contribute to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SZ). Several lines of evidence implicate NMDA receptor hypofunction in SZ, and blocking NMDA receptor signaling during early neurodevelopment produces cognitive deficits in rodent models that resemble those seen in schizophrenic patients. However, the altered network dynamics underlying these cognitive impairments largely remain to be characterized, especially at the cellular level. Here, we use in vivo two-photon calcium imaging to describe pathological dynamics, occurring in parallel with cognitive dysfunction, in a developmental NMDA receptor hypofunction model...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316850/demographics-and-clinical-characteristics-of-primary-lateral-sclerosis-case-series-and-a-review-of-literature
#5
Ramnath Santosh Ramanathan, Sandeep Rana
AIM: Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) is a form of motor neuron disease involving only upper motor neurons. In some patients presenting as PLS, the disease progresses to involve lower motor neurons and thereby converting to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, pure forms of PLS do exist. Our aim was to study epidemiological and clinical characteristics of pure PLS patients treated at our neuromuscular clinic. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 15 patients from July 2011 to October 2014 with PLS treated at the neuromuscular disorder clinic at our hospital...
January 10, 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310305/fabrication-of-water-compatible-superparamagnetic-molecularly-imprinted-biopolymer-for-clean-separation-of-baclofen-from-bio-fluid-samples-a-mild-and-green-approach
#6
Abbas Ostovan, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Maryam Arabi
A superparamagnetic molecularly imprinted biopolymer (SMIBP) was utilized as an eco-friendly and worth welting bio-sorbent and subsequently was applied for selective dispersive solid phase extraction (d-SPE) and selective separation of baclofen from urine samples. This effective solid phase was biopolymer network with imprinted cavities grafted on the surface of Fe3O4 cores possessing an influential SiO2 layer. The present sorbent easily achieved via co-precipitation and sol-gel processes followed by impressive bio-polymerization route under green and mild reaction conditions...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302825/tramadol-induced-hiccups-a-report-of-two-cases
#7
Radhika Panchal, Vishal Bhutt, Ashish Anovadiya, Bhargav Purohit, Firdaus Dekhaiya, Nutanbala Goswami
Hiccups can be idiopathic, psychogenic and organic, with drugs being one of the most important causes of hiccups. Although the exact pathophysiological processes involved are still poorly understood, the neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) have been documented to play a significant role in the generation of hiccups. We report on two patients with cellulitis who developed hiccups with the use of tramadol as an analgesic. The possible mechanisms and clinical implications of this rare adverse event are discussed...
January 5, 2018: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299214/intervention-of-the-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-type-b-receptors-of-the-amygdala-central-nucleus-on-the-sensitivity-of-the-morphine-induced-conditionally-preferred-location-in-wistar-female-rats
#8
Firoozeh Alavian, Saeedeh Ghiasvand, Hedayat Sahraei, Maryam Rafiei-Rad
Background: The amygdala is one of the nerve centers involved in drug reward. It is suggested that the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) is involved in morphine dependency. The CeA gamma-aminobutyric acid-ergic (GABAergic) system is a mediator of morphine rewarding effects. In this research, the effects of stimulation or inhibition of CeA GABA type B (GABAB) receptors on sensitization acquisition to morphine-induced reward was evaluated in Wistar female rats using conditioned place preferential (CPP) method...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298908/opposite-effects-of-basolateral-amygdala-inactivation-on-context-induced-relapse-to-cocaine-seeking-after-extinction-versus-punishment
#9
Yann Pelloux, Angelica Minier-Toribio, Jennifer K Hoots, Jennifer M Bossert, Yavin Shaham
Studies using the renewal procedure showed that basolateral amygdala (BLA) inactivation inhibits context-induced relapse to cocaine-seeking after extinction. Here, we determined whether BLA inactivation would also inhibit context-induced relapse after drug-reinforced responding is suppressed by punishment, an animal model of human relapse after self-imposed abstinence due to adverse consequences of drug use. We also determined the effect of central amygdala (CeA) inactivation on context-induced relapse.We trained rats to self-administer cocaine for 12 d (6 h/d) in Context A and then exposed them to either extinction or punishment training for 8 d in Context B...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298327/gabaergic-mechanisms-involved-in-the-prepulse-inhibition-of-auditory-evoked-cortical-responses-in-humans
#10
Koji Inui, Nobuyuki Takeuchi, Shunsuke Sugiyama, Eishi Motomura, Makoto Nishihara
Despite their essential roles in signal processing in the brain, the functions of interneurons currently remain unclear in humans. We recently developed a method using the prepulse inhibition of sensory evoked cortical responses for functional measurements of interneurons. When a sensory feature is abruptly changed in a continuous sensory stimulus, change-related cortical responses are recorded using MEG. By inserting a weak change stimulus (prepulse) before the test change stimulus, it is possible to observe the inhibition of the test response...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285634/transient-inactivation-of-the-paraventricular-nucleus-of-the-thalamus-enhances-cue-induced-reinstatement-in-goal-trackers-but-not-sign-trackers
#11
Brittany N Kuhn, Marin S Klumpner, Ignacio R Covelo, Paolo Campus, Shelly B Flagel
RATIONALE: The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) has been shown to mediate cue-motivated behaviors, such as sign- and goal-tracking, as well as reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior. However, the role of the PVT in mediating individual variation in cue-induced drug-seeking behavior remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine if inactivation of the PVT differentially mediates cue-induced drug-seeking behavior in sign-trackers and goal-trackers...
December 28, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284225/correlation-between-the-single-high-dose-of-ingested-baclofen-and-clinical-symptoms
#12
Jacek Sein Anand, Maciej Zając, Wojciech Waldman, Andrzej Wojtyła, Przemysław Biliński, Barbara Jaworska-Łuczak
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Baclofen is a drug used mainly to treat muscle spasticity. Its overdose can lead to life-threatening clinical symptoms, including acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of selected clinical symptoms associated with baclofen poisoning comparing to an ingested dose. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 60 cases of oral baclofen poisoning were analyzed. Gender, age distribution, and correlation between the dose of ingested baclofen were studied, as well as and following clinical parameters: degree of altered consciousness, heart rate, blood pressure, presence of acute respiratory failure, duration of mechanical ventilation, and presence of psychotic symptoms...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283181/loss-of-constitutive-functional-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-type-a-b-receptor-crosstalk-in-layer-5-pyramidal-neurons-of-human-epileptic-temporal-cortex
#13
Katiuscia Martinello, Miriam Sciaccaluga, Roberta Morace, Addolorata Mascia, Antonietta Arcella, Vincenzo Esposito, Sergio Fucile
OBJECTIVE: γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in adult central nervous system, and profound alterations of GABA receptor functions are linked to temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Here we describe the functional relationships between GABA receptors type B (GABAB R) and type A (GABAA R) in human temporal cortex and how TLE affects this aspect of GABAergic signaling. METHODS: Miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents (mIPSCs) were recorded by patch-clamp techniques from human L5 pyramidal neurons in slices from temporal cortex tissue obtained from surgery...
December 28, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250815/current-and-emerging-pharmacotherapies-for-cessation-of-tobacco-smoking
#14
Nieves Gómez-Coronado, Adam J Walker, Michael Berk, Seetal Dodd
Tobacco use disorder is a chronic illness. With its high comorbidity rate, it is a major cause of years of life lost or years lived with disability; however, is also considered the most preventable cause of death in developed countries. Since the development of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in 1978, treatment options have continued to evolve and expand. Despite this, currently available treatments remain insufficient, with less than 25% of smokers remaining abstinent after one year after treatment. In this article, we review existing and emerging smoking cessation pharmacotherapies, affording a special emphasis on the most promising agents that are currently being investigated...
December 17, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248320/intrathecal-baclofen-in-progressive-neurological-disease-to-be-considered-before-all-other-options-fail
#15
EDITORIAL
Miss Laura Bonouvrie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247751/performance-of-the-odour-span-task-is-not-impaired-following-inactivations-of-parietal-cortex-in-rats
#16
Gavin A Scott, Nadine K Zabder, Quentin Greba, John G Howland
Working memory (WM) is the ability to temporarily store information for use and manipulation. Working memory is thought to depend on a distributed set of higher cortical areas including the prefrontal and parietal cortex in primates while relatively little research has been conducted in rodents to elucidate the exact role of the parietal cortex (PC) in WM, particularly in relation to the construct of working memory capacity. Previous work in our lab demonstrates that performance of the odour span task (OST), an olfactory incremental delayed nonmatching-to-sample task, relies on the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC)...
December 13, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232836/spasticity-management-in-disorders-of-consciousness
#17
REVIEW
Géraldine Martens, Steven Laureys, Aurore Thibaut
Background: Spasticity is a motor disorder frequently encountered after a lesion involving the central nervous system. It is hypothesized to arise from an anarchic reorganization of the pyramidal and parapyramidal fibers and leads to hypertonia and hyperreflexia of the affected muscular groups. While this symptom and its management is well-known in patients suffering from stroke, multiple sclerosis or spinal cord lesion, little is known regarding its appropriate management in patients presenting disorders of consciousness after brain damage...
December 9, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224234/an-observational-study-of-benzodiazepine-prescription-during-inpatient-alcohol-detoxification-for-patients-with-versus-without-chronic-pretreatment-with-high-dosage-baclofen
#18
Laura Martinez, Florence Vorspan, Xavier Declèves, Julien Azuar, Maeva Fortias, Franck Questel, Alexandra Dereux, Leslie Grichy, Hélène Barreteau, Frank Bellivier, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Vanessa Bloch
High dose baclofen is prescribed as a maintenance treatment to reduce alcohol use in patients with alcohol use disorder. Nevertheless, some patients still have massive alcohol intakes and require inpatient alcohol withdrawal. AIM: to compare the oral dose of benzodiazepine prescribed to manage alcohol withdrawal symptoms in patients with versus without steady state pre-treatment with high dose baclofen. METHODS: Retrospective chart review study. Prescribed benzodiazepine dose expressed in diazepam-equivalent was compared between groups...
December 10, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215495/caregiver-perceptions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-changes-in-cerebral-palsy-patients-after-spinal-arthrodesis
#19
Amit Jain, Brian Sullivan, Suken A Shah, Amer F Samdani, Burt Yaszay, Michelle C Marks, Paul D Sponseller
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospective registryObjective: Our objective was to prospectively assess caregivers' perceptions regarding changes in the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with cerebral palsy (CP) after spinal arthrodesis. We assessed caregiver perceptions from 3 perspectives: 1) qualitative assessment of changes in global quality of life, comfort, and health; 2) relative valuation of spine surgery versus other common interventions in CP patients; and 3) quantitative changes in HRQL scores...
December 5, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210726/baclofen-pump-replacement-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-report-demonstrating-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-as-the-sole-anesthetic
#20
Iman A Hadaya, Andrew T Gray, Matthias R Braehler
A patient with end-stage amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) presented for Baclofen pump replacement. She underwent a left transversus abdominis plane block to anesthetize the left lower quadrant of the abdomen. No sedatives or analgesics were administered, and the procedure was successfully completed without complication. It is prudent to consider anesthetic plans that avoid complications associated with general or neuraxial anesthesia in patients with ALS. This case report demonstrates successful placement of a transversus abdominis plane block in a patient with ALS and offers a safe anesthetic technique that can be performed in other high-risk patients...
November 27, 2017: A & A Case Reports
keyword
keyword
37827
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"