keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

baclofen

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637739/intrathecal-baclofen-therapy-in-paediatrics-a-study-protocol-for-an-australian-multicentre-10-year-prospective-audit
#1
Kirsty Stewart, Gavin Hutana, Megan Kentish
INTRODUCTION: Increasing clinical use of Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) in Australian tertiary paediatric hospitals, along with the need for standardised assessment and reporting of adverse events, saw the formation of the Australian Paediatric ITB Research Group (APIRG). APIRG developed a National ITB Audit tool designed to capture clinical outcomes and adverse events data for all Australian children and adolescents receiving ITB therapy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Australian ITB Audit is a 10 year, longitudinal, prospective, clinical audit collecting all adverse events and assessment data across body functions and structure, participation and activity level domains of the ICF...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637045/effects-of-injection-of-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-agonists-into-the-nucleus-accumbens-on-naloxone-induced-morphine-withdrawal
#2
Betilay Topkara, Hasan R Yananli, Eren Sakallı, Mahluga Jafarova Demirkapu
AIMS: This study was to investigate the effects of local administration of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonists into the nucleus accumbens (NAc) on naloxone-induced morphine withdrawal symptoms. METHODS: Bilateral guide cannulas were stereotaxically implanted in the shell or core regions of the NAc of Sprague-Dawley rats. After a recovery period, 3 morphine pellets, each consisting of 75 mg morphine base, were placed subcutaneously on the first and third days of the study with the rats under mild ether anaesthesia...
June 22, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635080/neuroadaptations-of-presynaptic-and-postsynaptic-gabab-receptor-function-in-the-paraventricular-nucleus-in-response-to-chronic-unpredictable-stress
#3
Yonggang Gao, Jing-Jing Zhou, Yun Zhu, Li Wang, Therese A Kosten, Xiangjian Zhang, De-Pei Li
BACKGROUND: Chronic stress induces an impaired GABAA (γ-aminobutyric acid type A) receptor-mediated inhibition in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). It is not clear whether GABAB receptor function is altered in chronic stress. We hypothesize that chronic stress alters GABAB receptor function in PVN corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) neurons to control hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Whole cell patch-clamp recording was performed on PVN-CRH neurons expressing eGFP driven by CRH promoter in brain slices from unstressed rats and rats that had been subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631689/-objective-tympanophonia-caused-by-myoclonus-of-the-auricular-muscles
#4
N V Boiko
The objective of the present literature review was to systematize the available data on the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnostics, and treatment of muscular tympanophonia. The commonest source of muscular tympanophonia is the tremor (myoclonus) of the soft palate or the middle ear; sometimes this condition can be a consequence of myoclonus of the external ear muscles or head muscles. Pharmacotherapy of muscular tympanophonia does not invariably result in the favourable outcome. The author describes a rare observation of objective tympanophonia attributable to myoclonus of the auricular muscle...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626478/comparative-effects-of-chronic-administrations-of-gabapentin-pregabalin-and-baclofen-on-rat-memory-using-object-recognition-test
#5
Asma Salimzade, Ali Hosseini-Sharifabad, Mohammad Rabbani
Memory impairment is one of the greatest concerns when it comes to long-term CNS-affecting drug administration. Drugs like gabapentin, pregabalin and baclofen are administered in a long-term period in conditions such as epilepsy, neuropathic pain, spasticity associated with spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis. Despite their wide spread use, few data are available on the effects of these drugs on cognitive functions, such as learning memory. In the present study, the effects of long-term administration of gabapentin, pregabalin and baclofen on memory were investigated in a comparative manner...
June 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623068/corrigendum-to-comparative-study-of-therapeutic-response-to-baclofen-vs-tolperisone-in-spasticity-biomed-pharmacother-87-2017-628-635
#6
Saurabh Agarwal, Tejas Patel, Nehal Shah, Bhoomika M Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616260/the-therapeutic-effects-of-ablative-neurosurgical-procedures-on-the-spinal-cord-for-intractable-spinal-spasticity
#7
Bunpot Sitthinamsuwan, Pornchai Khumsawat, Luckchai Phonwijit, Sarun Nunta-Aree, Akkapong Nitising, Sirilak Suksompong
STUDY DESIGN: This research is a retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To study the therapeutic effects of operative procedures, including dorsal longitudinal myelotomy (DLM) and dorsal root entry zone lesion (DREZL) on spasticity and associated aspects. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital in Bangkok, Thailand. METHODS: Eighteen patients with refractory spasticity of spinal origin who underwent the operations were recruited...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615790/baclofen-and-back-pain-a-paradoxical-phenomena
#8
Soumitra Das, Adesh Agrawal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608452/chiral-separation-and-modeling-of-baclofen-bupropion-and-etodolac-profens-on-amylose-reversed-phase-chiral-column
#9
Imran Ali, Mohd Suhail, Zeid A Alothman, Abdulrahman Alwarthan
Chiral resolution of baclofen, bupropion, and etodolac profens was obtained with amylose derivatized chiral reversed stationary phase (carbamate groups). The eluent used for bupropion and etodolac was MeOH-water (20:80, v/v) and for baclofen was water-methanol (95:5, v/v). The eluent run rates, finding wavelength and temperature, were 1.0 mL/min, 220 nm and 27 ± 1 °C for all the eluents. The magnitude of the retardation factors for S- and R-enantiomers of baclofen, bupropion, and etodolac were 1.37, 2...
July 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608233/alleviation-by-gabab-receptors-of-neurotoxicity-mediated-by-mitochondrial-permeability-transition-pore-in-cultured-murine-cortical-neurons-exposed-to-n-methyl-d-aspartate
#10
Toshihiko Kinjo, Yoshino Ashida, Hiroshi Higashi, Satoshi Sugimura, Miho Washida, Hiroki Niihara, Kiyokazu Ogita, Yukio Yoneda, Nobuyuki Kuramoto
Mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) is supposed to at least in part participate in molecular mechanisms underlying the neurotoxicity seen after overactivation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NMDAR) in neurons. In this study, we have evaluated whether activation of GABAB receptor (GABABR), which is linked to membrane G protein-coupled inwardly-rectifying K(+) ion channels (GIRKs), leads to protection of the NMDA-induced neurotoxicity in a manner relevant to mitochondrial membrane depolarization in cultured embryonic mouse cortical neurons...
June 12, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596118/neuroprotective-role-of-gabab-receptor-modulation-against-streptozotocin-induced-behavioral-and-biochemical-abnormalities-in-rats
#11
Kushal Kumar, Harmanpreet Kaur, Rahul Deshmukh
Stimulation as well as inhibition of GABAB (Gamma amino butyric acid) receptors has been reported to show beneficial effects in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Experimental evidences suggest that the use of GABAergic agents could influence learning and memory. The present study was designed to investigate the possible role of GABAB receptors in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced behavioral and biochemical abnormalities in rats. Herein STZ was infused (3mg/kg) bilaterally on alternate days (day 1 and day 3) to produce experimental dementia in rats...
June 6, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588762/baclofen-overdose-mimicking-anoxic-encephalopathy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
John J Miller
A patient who has overdosed on baclofen can present with significant neurological symptoms suggestive of a serious brain insult, but with appropriate diagnosis and treatment they often fully recover within 72 h. If the patient had been maintained on chronic baclofen therapy prior to the overdose, one must be watchful for signs of baclofen withdrawal as recovery from the overdose occurs.
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579907/the-comparative-study-of-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-baclofen-vs-tolperisone-in-spasticity-caused-by-spinal-cord-injury
#13
Dejun Luo, Guoyong Wu, Yong Ji, Zhaoyao Zhang, Fayou He, Xiaping Mou, Qingmao Zhu, Bo Yang
In the present study we compared the clinical efficacy and safety of baclofen vs tolperisone in spasticity caused by spinal cord injury. A total of 150 patients were enrolled in the present study and were divided into two groups with 75 patients in each group, receiving baclofen or tolperisone, respectively. We used Modified Ashworth Scale, Medical research council scale, Barthel Index, and Coefficient of efficacy to measure clinical efficacy. After 6-week treatment, both groups demonstrated significant improvement in muscle tone, muscle strength and functional outcome (Group I, 1...
May 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574172/prevention-of-hip-displacement-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Stacey D Miller, Maria Juricic, Kim Hesketh, Lynore Mclean, Sonja Magnuson, Sherylin Gasior, Emily Schaeffer, Maureen O'donnell, Kishore Mulpuri
AIM: To conduct a systematic review and evaluate the quality of evidence for interventions to prevent hip displacement in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A systematic review was performed using American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine (AACPDM) and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology. Searches were completed in seven electronic databases. Studies were included if participants had CP and the effectiveness of the intervention was reported using a radiological measure...
June 2, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565998/gabab-receptors-mediated-tonic-inhibition-of-glutamate-release-from-a%C3%AE-fibers-in-rat-laminae-iii-iv-of-the-spinal-cord-dorsal-horn
#15
Chiara Salio, Adalberto Merighi, Rita Bardoni
Presynaptic GABAB receptors (GABABRs) are highly expressed in dorsal root ganglion neurons and spinal cord dorsal horn. GABABRs located in superficial dorsal horn play an important antinociceptive role, by acting at both pre- and postsynaptic sites. GABABRs expressed in deep dorsal horn could be involved in the processing of touch sensation and possibly in the generation of tactile allodynia in chronic pain. The objective of this study was to characterize the morphological and functional properties of GABABRs expressed on Aβ fibers projecting to lamina III/IV and to understand their role in modulating excitatory synaptic transmission...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565970/baclofen-systemic-toxicity-experimental-histopathological-and-biochemical-study
#16
S Y Issa, E M Hafez, A S El-Banna, S M Abdel Rahman, M K AlMazroua, M A El-Hamd
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to highlight the toxic impact of baclofen on both biochemical and histopathological aspects in rats' liver, gastric, lung, kidney, and brain tissues. METHODS: The study was performed on 30 healthy adult male albino rats divided into four groups with 5 rats in each control group, and 10 rats in either experimental groups (two experimental and two control groups). Five rats (negative control) were kept in a quite non-stressful environment, provided with food ad libitum and free access to water...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559069/the-potential-for-intrathecal-baclofen-in-the-treatment-of-essential-tremor
#17
REVIEW
Mousa Hamad, Ryan Holland, Naveed Kamal, Robert Luceri, Antonios Mammis
INTRODUCTION: Essential tremor (ET) is the most common movement disorder of adults, affecting an estimated 7 million Americans.[1] Symptoms of ET range from slightly noticeable to debilitating, with one cohort study finding 15% of patients were forced into early retirement.[2] Additionally, depression has also been correlated with the severity of disability of ET. [3] Treatment options include propranolol and primidone.[4] Current treatment options are not very effective, with over half (56...
May 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553835/pharmacological-manipulation-of-cortical-inhibition-in-the-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex
#18
Bahar Salavati, Tarek K Rajji, Reza Zomorrodi, Daniel M Blumberger, Robert Chen, Bruce G Pollock, Zafiris J Daskalakis
Cortical inhibition (CI) occurs largely through GABA receptor mediated inhibitory neurotransmission, which can be modulated by cholinergic, dopaminergic, and glutamatergic inputs. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can be used to index CI through a paradigm known as long interval cortical inhibition (LICI). When TMS is combined with electroencephalography (EEG), LICI can index GABA receptor mediated inhibitory neurotransmission in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). We conducted a hypothesis-driven pharmacological study to assess the role of cholinergic, dopaminergic, GABAergic, and glutamatergic neurotransmission on LICI from the DLPFC using TMS-EEG...
May 29, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525555/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study-of-high-dose-baclofen-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-the-alpadir-study
#19
Michel Reynaud, Henri-Jean Aubin, Francoise Trinquet, Benjamin Zakine, Corinne Dano, Maurice Dematteis, Benoit Trojak, Francois Paille, Michel Detilleux
Aims: Alcohol dependence is a major public health issue with a need for new pharmacological treatments. The ALPADIR study assessed the efficacy and safety of baclofen at the target dose of 180 mg/day for the maintenance of abstinence and the reduction in alcohol consumption in alcohol-dependent patients. Methods: Three hundred and twenty adult patients (158 baclofen and 162 placebo) were randomized after alcohol detoxification. After a 7-week titration, the maintenance dose was provided for 17 weeks, then progressively decreased over 2 weeks before stopping...
July 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517239/the-dose-effect-relationship-of-baclofen-in-alcohol-dependence-a-1-year-cohort-study
#20
Baptiste Pignon, Julien Labreuche, Marine Auffret, Sophie Gautier, Sylvie Deheul, Nicolas Simioni, Olivier Cottencin, Régis Bordet, Alain Duhamel, Benjamin Rolland
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to study the relationship between dose of baclofen and effectiveness in alcohol dependence. METHODS: Two hundred two patients with alcohol dependence, who received baclofen treatment for drinking reduction, were followed up for 1 year. For each patient-month of treatment, the maximum daily dose of baclofen (DDB) and average weekly alcohol consumption (AWAC) were calculated. We defined a favorable drinking outcome as an AWAC under 200 g/w for at least 2 consecutive months...
May 18, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
keyword
keyword
37827
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"