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Whole body vibration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104539/whole-body-vibration-of-mice-induces-progressive-degeneration-of-intervertebral-discs-associated-with-increased-expression-of-il-1%C3%AE-and-multiple-matrix-degrading-enzymes
#1
Matthew R McCann, Matthew Veras, Cynthia Yeung, Gurkeet Lalli, Priya Patel, Kristyn M Leitch, David W Holdsworth, S Jeffrey Dixon, Cheryle A Séguin
OBJECTIVE: Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a popular fitness trend based on claims of increased muscle mass, weight-loss and reduced joint pain. Following its original implementation as a treatment to increase bone mass in patients with osteoporosis, WBV has been incorporated into clinical practice for musculoskeletal disorders, including back pain. However, our recent studies revealed damaging effects of WBV on joint health in a murine model. In this report, we examined potential mechanisms underlying disc degeneration following exposure of mice to WBV...
January 16, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100544/oscillatory-whole-body-vibration-improves-exercise-capacity-and-physical-performance-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-randomised-clinical-study
#2
Felix Gerhardt, Daniel Dumitrescu, Carina Gärtner, Ralf Beccard, Thomas Viethen, Tilmann Kramer, Stephan Baldus, Martin Hellmich, Eckhard Schönau, Stephan Rosenkranz
OBJECTIVE: In patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), supportive therapies may be beneficial in addition to targeted medical treatment. Here, we evaluated the effectiveness and safety of oscillatory whole-body vibration (WBV) in patients on stable PAH therapy. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with PAH (mean PAP≥25 mm Hg and pulmonary arterial wedge pressure (PAWP)≤15 mm Hg) who were in world health organization (WHO)-Functional Class II or III and on stable PAH therapy for≥3 months, were randomised to receive WBV (16 sessions of 1-hour duration within 4 weeks) or to a control group, that subsequently received WBV...
January 18, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095955/preconditioning-to-reduce-decompression-stress-in-scuba-divers
#3
Peter Germonpré, Costantino Balestra
BACKGROUND: Using ultrasound imaging, vascular gas emboli (VGE) are observed after asymptomatic scuba dives and are considered a key element in the potential development of decompression sickness (DCS). Diving is also accompanied with vascular dysfunction, as measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Previous studies showed significant intersubject variability to VGE for the same diving exposure and demonstrated that VGE can be reduced with even a single pre-dive intervention. Several preconditioning methods have been reported recently, seemingly acting either on VGE quantity or on endothelial inflammatory markers...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094873/effects-of-adding-whole-body-vibration-to-routine-day-activity-program-on-physical-functioning-in-elderly-with-mild-or-moderate-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Freddy M H Lam, L R Liao, Timothy C Y Kwok, Marco Y C Pang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) added to a routine activity program on lower limb strength, balance, and mobility among community-dwelling individuals with mild or moderate dementia, compared with the routine program alone. METHODS: Fifty-four older adults (40 women; mean (SD) age: 79.8 (6.1) years) with mild or moderate dementia were recruited from two daycare centers. The participants were randomly allocated to undergo a routine day activity program combined with WBV training (WBV at 30 Hz, 2-mm peak-to-peak amplitude) or the routine program only without WBV for 9 weeks (18 sessions)...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079277/whole-body-vibration-exposure-of-occupational-horseback-riding-in-agriculture-a-ranching-example
#5
Xiaoke Zeng, Catherine Trask, Aaron M Kociolek
BACKGROUND: Horse riding is common in many occupations; however, there is currently no research evaluating exposure to whole-body vibration and mechanical shock on horseback. METHODS: Whole-body vibration was measured on a cattle rancher during two 30 min horseback rides using a tri-axial accelerometer mounted on a western saddle. Vibration was summarized into standardized metrics, including the 8 hr equivalent root-mean-squared acceleration (A[8]) and the daily 4th power vibration dose value (VDV)...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077859/benefits-of-whole-body-vibration-training-on-arterial-function-and-muscle-strength-in-young-overweight-obese-women
#6
Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado, Salvador J Jaime, Michael J Ormsbee, Jeremiah C Campbell, Joy Post, Jacob Pacilio, Arturo Figueroa
The early arterial dysfunction linked with obesity and a sedentary lifestyle heightens the likelihood of suffering from future cardiovascular events. Whole-body vibration training (WBVT) may improve systemic arterial stiffness (brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV)) and muscle strength in pre- and post-menopausal women. However, the effectiveness of WBVT to impact the arterial segments included in baPWV is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of WBVT on aortic and leg arterial stiffness in young sedentary overweight/obese women...
January 12, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065165/whole-body-vibration-to-prevent-intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness-safety-feasibility-and-metabolic-response
#7
Tobias Wollersheim, Kurt Haas, Stefan Wolf, Knut Mai, Claudia Spies, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Klaus-D Wernecke, Joachim Spranger, Steffen Weber-Carstens
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired weakness in critically ill patients is a common and significant complication affecting the course of critical illness. Whole-body vibration is known to be effective muscle training and may be an option in diminishing weakness and muscle wasting. Especially, patients who are immobilized and not available for active physiotherapy may benefit. Until now whole-body vibration was not investigated in mechanically ventilated ICU patients. We investigated the safety, feasibility, and metabolic response of whole-body vibration in critically ill patients...
January 9, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059803/whole-body-vibration-wbv-following-spinal-cord-injury-sci-in-rats-timing-of-intervention
#8
Marilena Manthou, Diana Saad Yousif Abdulla, Stoyan Pavlov Pavlov, Ramona Jansen, Habib Bendella, Klaus Nohroudi, Gregor Stein, Carolin Mmeyer, Ozlem Ozsoy, Umut Ozsoy, Yasemin Behram Kandemir, Levent Sarikcioglu, Oliver Semler, Eckhard Schoenau, Sarah Dunlop, Doychin Nikolov Angelov
BACKGROUND: Following spinal cord injury (SCI), exercise training provides a wide range of benefits and promotes activity-dependent synaptic plasticity. Whole body vibration (WBV) in SCI patients improves walking and spasticity as well as bone and muscle mass. However, little is known about the effects of timing or frequency of intervention. OBJECTIVE: To determine which WBV-onset improves locomotor and bladder functions and influences synaptic plasticity beneficially...
January 4, 2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033657/neuromuscular-responses-of-the-plantar-flexors-to-whole-body-vibration
#9
B Harwood, J Scherer, R E Brown, K M D Cornett, K A Kenno, J M Jakobi
Enhanced physical performance following whole-body vibration (WBV) has been attributed to increased muscle activity; however, few studies have measured the mechanisms underlying these changes. The objective of this study was to measure the responsiveness of the Ia pathway as well as contractile properties in 16 young adults (24±2 years, eight men, eight women) following repeated bouts of acute WBV (45 Hz, 2 mm). Hoffman reflexes (H-reflex), compound muscle action potentials (M-wave), and twitch contractile properties were measured prior to and immediately following five 1-minute WBV exposures, and at 3, 5, 10, and 20 minute post-WBV...
December 29, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031097/effect-of-4-week-whole-body-vibration-on-distal-radius-density
#10
Lei Tan, Yan-Hui Li, Xin Dong, Bin Zhao, Dong Zhu
Objective To assess the effects of high-frequency loading using whole body vibration on distal radius density in adults.Methods The volunteers diagnosed with osteoporosis or osteopenia in the First Hospital of Jilin University from January 2011 to December 2014 were recruited. All the subjects performed foot-based, whole body vibrations on the vibration platform (35 Hz, 0.25 g) once a day, for 15 minutes per session over a period of 4 weeks. The bone mineral density of distal radius (rBMD) was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at before, 2-week, and 4-week after the vibration treatment...
June 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030929/risk-exposure-to-vibration-and-noise-in-the-use-of-agricultural-track-laying-tractors
#11
Mariangela Vallone, Filippa Bono, Elisabeth Quendler, Pierluigi Febo, Pietro Catania
Human exposure to mechanical vibration may represent a significant risk factor for exposed workers in the agricultural sector. Also, noise in agriculture is one of the risk factors to be taken into account in the evaluation of workers' health and safety. One of the major sources of discomfort for the workers operating a tractors is the noise to which they are exposed during work. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of exposure to whole-body vibration for the operator driving track-laying tractors in vineyard orchard and the noise level...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025642/short-duration-small-sided-football-and-to-a-lesser-extent-whole-body-vibration-exercise-induce-acute-changes-in-markers-of-bone-turnover
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J L Bowtell, S R Jackman, S Scott, L J Connolly, M Mohr, G Ermidis, R Julian, F Yousefian, E W Helge, N R Jørgensen, J Fulford, K M Knapp, P Krustrup
We aimed to study whether short-duration vibration exercise or football sessions of two different durations acutely changed plasma markers of bone turnover and muscle strain. Inactive premenopausal women (n = 56) were randomized to complete a single bout of short (FG15) or long duration (FG60) small sided football or low magnitude whole body vibration training (VIB). Procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP) was increased during exercise for FG15 (51.6 ± 23.0 to 56.5 ± 22.5 μg·L(-1), mean ± SD, P < 0...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017295/older-adults-show-higher-increases-in-lower-limb-muscle-activity-during-whole-body-vibration-exercise
#13
Karin Lienhard, Jordyn Vienneau, Sandro Nigg, Bernd Friesenbichler, Benno M Nigg
The purpose of this study was to compare lower limb muscle activity during whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise between a young and an older study population. Thirty young (25.9±4.3yrs) and thirty older (64.2±5.3yrs) individuals stood on a side-alternating WBV platform while surface electromyography (sEMG) was measured for the tibialis anterior (TA), gastrocnemius medialis (GM), soleus (SOL), vastus lateralis (VL), vastus medialis (VM), and biceps femoris (BF). The WBV protocol included nine vibration settings consisting of three frequencies (6, 11, 16Hz) x three amplitudes (0...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002180/effect-of-whole-body-vibration-on-neuromuscular-activation-of-leg-muscles-during-dynamic-exercises-in-individuals-with-stroke
#14
Lin-Rong Liao, Marco Yiu Chung Pang
This study examined the leg muscle activity during exposure to different whole-body vibration (WBV) intensities while performing various dynamic exercises in chronic stroke patients. Thirty chronic stroke patients performed a series of dynamic exercises under three conditions: 1) low-intensity WBV [peak acceleration: 0.96 units of gravity of Earth (g)], 2) high-intensity WBV (1.61g), and 3) no WBV (NWBV). Neuromuscular activation was recorded with surface electromyography (EMG) on bilateral biceps femoris (BF), vastus lateralis (VL), tibialis anterior (TA) and gastrocnemius (GS) in both legs and was reported as EMGrms (root mean square) normalized to % maximal voluntary contraction...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998241/effects-of-24-weeks-of-whole-body-vibration-versus-multicomponent-training-on-muscle-strength-and-body-composition-in-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Elena Marín-Cascales, Pedro E Alcaraz, Jacobo A Rubio-Arias
The purposes of this study were to analyze the impact of 24 weeks of vibratory and multicomponent training (MT) and to determine what type of training creates greater adaptations on body composition and isokinetic strength of the knee and ankle joints in postmenopausal women. Thirty-eight women (60.0 ± 6.3 years) were randomly assigned to whole body vibration group (WBVG), multicomponent training group (MTG), or a control group. A significant decrease in total fat mass was observed in experimental groups...
January 19, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976932/effects-of-controlled-whole-body-vibration-training-in-improving-fall-risk-factors-among-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#16
Feng Yang, Marcia Finlayson, Francois Bethoux, Xiaogang Su, Loretta Dillon, Hector M Maldonado
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically examine the effect of an 8-week controlled whole-body vibration training on improving fall risk factors and the bone mineral density among people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). METHODS: This study adopted a single group pre-test-post-test design. Twenty-five PwMS (50.3 years SD 14.1) received vibration training on a side-alternating vibration platform. Each training session was repeated three times every week for 8 weeks...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973385/acute-corticospinal-and-spinal-modulation-after-whole-body-vibration
#17
A Krause, A Gollhofer, K Freyler, L Jablonka, R Ritzmann
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate neural effects of acute whole body vibration (WBV) on lower limb muscles regarding corticospinal and spinal excitability. METHODS: In 44 healthy subjects (16 f/ 28 m), motor evoked potentials (MEP) and H-reflexes in m. soleus (SOL) and gastrocnemius medialis (GM) were elicited before (t1), immediately after (t2), 2 (t3), 4 (t4) and 10 min after (t5) WBV. RESULTS: After WBV, MEP amplitudes were significantly increased in SOL (t2+15±30%, t3+22±32%, t4+15±35%, t5+20±30%, P<0...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967282/whole-body-vibration-increases-subsequent-sprint-performance-in-well-trained-cyclists
#18
Bent R Rønnestad, Gunnar Slettaløkken Falch, Stian Ellefsen
PURPOSE: Postactivation potentiation (PAP) exercise with added whole-body vibration (WBV) has been suggested as a potential way to acutely improve sprint performance. In cycling, there are many competitions and situations where sprinting abilities are important. In the present study we investigated the effect of adding WBV to warm-up procedures on subsequent cycle sprint performance. METHODS: Eleven well-trained cyclists participated in the study. All cyclists performed a familiarization session before two separate test sessions in randomized order...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965591/pre-dive-whole-body-vibration-better-reduces-decompression-induced-vascular-gas-emboli-than-oxygenation-or-a-combination-of-both
#19
Costantino Balestra, Sigrid Theunissen, Virginie Papadopoulou, Cedric Le Mener, Peter Germonpré, François Guerrero, Pierre Lafère
Purpose: Since non-provocative dive profiles are no guarantor of protection against decompression sickness, novel means including pre-dive "preconditioning" interventions, are proposed for its prevention. This study investigated and compared the effect of pre-dive oxygenation, pre-dive whole body vibration or a combination of both on post-dive bubble formation. Methods: Six healthy volunteers performed 6 no-decompression dives each, to a depth of 33 mfw for 20 min (3 control dives without preconditioning and 1 of each preconditioning protocol) with a minimum interval of 1 week between each dive...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942138/the-effects-of-visual-control-whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-balance-and-gait-function-of-stroke-patients
#20
Eon-Tak Choi, Yong-Nam Kim, Woon-Soo Cho, Dong-Kyu Lee
[Purpose] This study aims to verify the effects of visual control whole body vibration exercise on balance and gait function of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 22 stroke patients were randomly assigned to two groups; 11 to the experimental group and 11 to the control group. Both groups received 30 minutes of Neuro-developmental treatment 5 times per week for 4 weeks. The experimental group additionally performed 10 minutes of visual control whole body vibration exercise 5 times per week during the 4 weeks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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