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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151247/editorial-introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-neuropsychological-assessment-in-aging
#1
EDITORIAL
Mathew J Summers, Mark W Bondi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151089/capgras-syndrome-and-other-delusional-misidentification-syndromes
#2
Alain Barrelle, J-P Luauté
The delusional misidentification syndromes (DMS) are a group of disorders, characterized by patients mistaking the identity of people they know, although they recognize them physically. The term DMS is an umbrella term which may cover disorders whose definition extends to objects other than people, such as animals, places, or familiar material objects. The most common and best known DMS is Capgras syndrome. In this disorder, the misidentification leads to the delusional conviction that a close friend or relative has been replaced by an identical - or almost identical - "double," whose original has disappeared...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149519/early-executive-dysfunction-in-asd-simple-versus-complex-skills
#3
Nancy Garon, Isabel M Smith, Susan E Bryson
Despite the strong evidence of executive function (EF) impairment in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), findings in the preschool period have been inconsistent. Whereas some research has supported an early deficit, many studies have not found early differences in EF. The present study assessed simple and complex components of three EF abilities: working memory, inhibition, and shifting, using a novel battery, the Preschool EF Battery (PEFB; Garon, Smith & Bryson, Child Neuropsychology, 20, 713-736, 2014). Previous research has indicated that the PEFB is sensitive to age differences in typically developing (TD) children aged 18-60 months...
November 17, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149177/new-brain-lesions-with-no-impact-on-physical-disability-can-impact-cognition-in-early-multiple-sclerosis-a-ten-year-longitudinal-study
#4
D Wybrecht, F Reuter, F Pariollaud, W Zaaraoui, A Le Troter, A Rico, S Confort-Gouny, E Soulier, M Guye, A Maarouf, J-P Ranjeva, J Pelletier, B Audoin
OBJECTIVE: In early multiple sclerosis, although brain T2 lesions accrual are hallmark of the disease, only weak correlations were found between T2 lesions accrual and EDSS progression, the disability scale commonly used in multiple sclerosis studies. This may be related to the very poor sensitivity of EDSS to cognitive dysfunctions that may occur and progress from the first stage of the disease. In the present study, we aimed to demonstrate that cognitive deficits progress during the first ten years of MS and are significantly impacted by new T2 lesions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147068/the-italian-version-of-the-five-word-test-a-simple-diagnostic-test-for-dementia-due-to-alzheimer-s-disease-in-routine-clinical-practice
#5
Luca Rozzini, Anna Ceraso, Marina Zanetti, Silvia Pelizzari, Evita Tomasoni, Vivian Accardo, Alessandro Padovani
Background: The five-word test (FWT) is a neuropsychological tool (derived from the Grober and Buschke paradigm), measuring hippocampal memory trace consolidation. The study aimed to validate the test for the Italian language and to verify its ability to discriminate patients affected by mild cognitive impairment and dementia due to Alzheimer's disease from healthy matches. Methods: 217 subjects (127 controls, 47 MCI due to AD, and 43 AD) underwent neuropsychological evaluation...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144107/safe-return-to-driving-following-severe-acquired-brain-injury-role-of-a-short-neuropsychological-assessment
#6
Donatella Saviola, Antonio DE Tanti, Jessica Conforti, Lucio Posteraro, Alessia Manfredini, Chiara Bagattini, Benedetta Basagni
BACKGROUND: Driving is a complex ability requiring a broad range of motor, cognitive- behavioural and visual skills that may be impaired after severe Acquired Brain Injury (sABI). Resumption of driving is perceived as a major need by patients, being closely linked to personal autonomy, work and social activities. AIM: The objective of this study was to identify a short battery of neuropsychological tests with predictive value with regard to safe return to driving after sABI...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143699/are-there-distinct-cognitive-and-motivational-sub-groups-of-children-with-adhd
#7
Rikke Lambek, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Rosemary Tannock, Anne Virring Sørensen, Dorte Damm, Per Hove Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is proposed to be a neuropsychologically heterogeneous disorder that encompasses two distinct sub-groups, one with executive function (EF) deficits and one with delay aversion (DA). However, such claims have often been based on studies that have operationalized neuropsychological deficits using a categorical approach - using intuitive but rather arbitrary, clinical cut-offs. The current study applied an alternative empirical approach to sub-grouping in ADHD, latent profile analysis (LPA), and attempted to validate emerging subgroups through clinically relevant correlates...
November 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141818/does-including-the-full-cvlt-ii-and-bvmt-r-improve-bicams-evidence-from-a-belgian-dutch-validation-study
#8
Lars Costers, Jeroen Gielen, Piet L Eelen, Jeroen Van Schependom, Jorne Laton, Ann Van Remoortel, Ellen Vanzeir, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Pierrette Seeldrayers, Marie-Claire Haelewyck, Miguel D'Haeseleer, Marie-Beatrice D'hooghe, Dawn Langdon, Guy Nagels
BACKGROUND: The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) is a fast, easy-to-administer and already widely validated neuropsychological battery for cognition in multiple sclerosis. OBJECTIVE: The goals of our study were to validate the BICAMS in a Belgian Dutch-speaking population and to investigate to what extent including extensive versions of two of the three BICAMS subtests improved its psychometric qualities. METHODS: Ninety-seven persons with MS and ninety-seven healthy controls were included and group-matched on age, education level and gender...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141650/neuropsychological-function-is-improved-among-opioid-dependent-adults-who-adhere-to-opiate-agonist-treatment-with-buprenorphine-naloxone-a-preliminary-study
#9
Travis M Scott, Monica Rivera Mindt, Chinazo O Cunningham, Franchesca Arias, Kelly Coulehan, Aprille Mangalonzo, Pat Olsen, Julia H Arnsten
BACKGROUND: Among persons with opioid use disorder (OUD), neuropsychological dysfunction is associated with depression, and better neuropsychological function is associated with opioid abstinence. However, it is unknown whether depressive symptomatology or adherence to opiate agonist treatment are associated with neuropsychological change over time. METHODS: We recruited 20 buprenorphine/naloxone-treated adults with OUD (M Age = 45.2 years [SD = 8.1]; 25% female) to complete baseline and 6 month visits containing a neuropsychological test battery and self-reported measures of depressive symptomatology and medication adherence...
November 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141548/cognitive-training-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-findings-of-a-12-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Alessandro Trebbastoni, Letizia Imbriano, Livia Podda, Lidia Rendace, Maria Luisa Sacchetti, Alessandra Campanelli, Fabrizia D Antonio, Carlo de Lena
BACKGROUND: Cognitive training (CT) is a non-pharmacological intervention based on a set of tasks that reflect specific cognitive functions. CT is aimed at improving cognition in patients with cognitive impairment, though no definitive conclusions have yet been drawn on its efficacy in Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a CT program designed to improve cognition in AD patients. METHOD: This is a randomized, controlled, single-blind, longitudinal trial with a no-treatment control condition in mild-to-moderate AD...
November 12, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141280/subjective-cognitive-complaints-and-objective-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Jin Yong Hong, Yoonju Lee, Mun Kyung Sunwoo, Young H Sohn, Phil Hyu Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Subjective cognitive complaints (SCCs) are very common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the relationship between SCCs and objective cognitive impairment is still unclear. This study aimed to determine whether SCCs are correlated with objective cognitive performance in patients with PD. METHODS: Totals of 148 cognitively normal patients, 71 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 31 demented patients were recruited consecutively from a movement-disorders clinic...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139355/-post-concussion-syndrome-is-a-neuro-cognitive-condition
#12
EDITORIAL
Line Kirstine Hauptmann, Mahmoud Ashkanian
Post-concussion syndrome (PCS) is often caused by an uncomplicated mild head injury but followed by long-lasting somatic, cognitive and psychiatric symptoms. For many years PCS has been an area of controversy between clinicians. New diagnostic techniques and clinical researches has shed light to some neurobiological aspects behind PCS. In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V PCS is redefined as a neuro-cognitive condition emphasizing the importance of neuropsychological deficits among these patients...
November 13, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139327/neuropsychology-of-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Elyssa Scharaga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139159/syntaxin1b-contributes-to-regulation-of-the-dopaminergic-system-through-gaba-transmission-in-the-cns
#14
Tomonori Fujiwara, Takefumi Kofuji, Tatsuya Mishima, Kimio Akagawa
In neuronal plasma membrane, two syntaxin isoforms, HPC-1/syntaxin1A (STX1A) and syntaxin1B (STX1B), are predominantly expressed as soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion attachment protein receptors, also known as t-SNAREs. We previously reported that glutamatergic and GABAergic synaptic transmission is impaired in Stx1b null mutant (Stx1b(-/-) ) mice, but is almost normal in Stx1a null mutant (Stx1a(-/-) ) mice. These observations suggested that STX1A and STX1B have distinct functions in fast synaptic transmission in the central nervous system (CNS)...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137413/abnormal-neural-activities-of-directional-brain-networks-in-patients-with-long-term-bilateral-hearing-loss
#15
Long-Chun Xu, Gang Zhang, Yue Zou, Min-Feng Zhang, Dong-Sheng Zhang, Hua Ma, Wen-Bo Zhao, Guang-Yu Zhang
The objective of the study is to provide some implications for rehabilitation of hearing impairment by investigating changes of neural activities of directional brain networks in patients with long-term bilateral hearing loss. Firstly, we implemented neuropsychological tests of 21 subjects (11 patients with long-term bilateral hearing loss, and 10 subjects with normal hearing), and these tests revealed significant differences between the deaf group and the controls. Then we constructed the individual specific virtual brain based on functional magnetic resonance data of participants by utilizing effective connectivity and multivariate regression methods...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137029/neural-reorganization-between-injured-cingula-and-the-brainstem-cholinergic-nuclei-in-a-patient-with-cerebral-concussion-a-case-report
#16
Sung Ho Jang, Young Hyeon Kwon
RATIONALE: We report on a patient who showed neural reorganization between injured cingula and the brainstem cholinergic nuclei following cerebral concussion. PATIENT CONCERNS: The main concern of the patient is memory impairment. DIAGNOSES: Cerebral concussion. OUTCOMES: When she visited our hospital at 2 years after onset, cognitive function was evaluated using 2 scales; the Wechsler Intelligence Scale, and the Seoul neuropsychological screening battery: total IQ 97, verbal immediate recall 5...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136089/nutritional-status-during-inpatient-alcohol-detoxification
#17
Marie-Astrid Gautron, Frank Questel, Michel Lejoyeux, Frank Bellivier, Florence Vorspan
Aims: As low rates of thiamine are thought to be implicated in alcohol-related cognitive disorders, we wanted to assess patients with alcohol use disorders (AUD) during detoxification for their nutritional status and test if vitamins blood levels were associated with a surrogate of cognitive impairment. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of medical records of 94 consecutive patients hospitalized for alcohol detoxification in a specialized addiction medicine department...
November 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132975/a-novel-temporal-pattern-of-childhood-cerebral-x-linked-adrenoleukodystrophy
#18
Emanuela C Turco, Francesca Ormitti, Anna Andreolli, Marina Barsacchi, Carlotta Facini, Francesco Pisani
We report a 9-year-old boy, with childhood cerebral X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (CCALD), presenting with an episode of loss of consciousness, fixed gaze, hypotonia and vomit with spontaneous resolution and post-ictal sleep. Behavioural impairment has been observed since the previous five months. Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) revealed isolated bilateral, symmetric, confluent temporal white matter lesions involving also corticospinal tracts, with sparing of the parieto-occipital and frontal white matter. This report outlines an atypical neuroradiological localization of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy and neuropsychological findings not specifically related to the brain involvement seen at the MRI...
November 10, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131878/association-of-brain-structure-changes-and-cognitive-function-with-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-positive-individuals
#19
Ryan Sanford, Lesley K Fellows, Beau M Ances, D Louis Collins
Importance: Despite the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders continue to be a problem for treated HIV-positive individuals. The cause of this impairment remains unclear. Objective: To determine if detectable brain changes occur during a 2-year period in HIV-positive individuals who were aviremic and treated with cART. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this longitudinal case-control study, participants underwent neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment approximately 2 years apart...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130467/-a-comparative-study-of-three-systems-for-quantifying-the-spike-and-wave-index-in-patients-with-continuous-spikes-and-waves-during-slow-sleep
#20
G Azcona, I G Gurtubay, A Mosquera, B Ibanez, K Cambra, S Aguilera-Albesa, M E Yoldi-Petri
INTRODUCTION: Continuous spikes and waves during slow sleep (CSWS) is an epileptic encephalopathy of childhood with a pattern of epileptiform discharges during sleep, which, if prolonged over time, produce severe neuropsychological impairment. Quantification of the paroxysms by means of a spike and wave index (SWI) > 85% establishes a presumptive diagnosis and allows early therapy to be started to prevent such impairment. AIMS: To compare the results of the classic method for calculating the SWI against two proposals that optimise the relation between the analysis time employed and the diagnostic sensitivity...
November 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
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